Results for 'William B. Stason'

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  1.  17
    Allocating Resources: The Case of Hypertension.Milton C. Weinstein & William B. Stason - 1977 - Hastings Center Report 7 (5):24-29.
  2.  18
    The Impact of Psychological Factors on Placebo Responses in a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Sham Device to Dummy Pill.Suzanne M. Bertisch, Anna R. T. Legedza, Russell S. Phillips, Roger B. Davis, William B. Stason, Rose H. Goldman & Ted J. Kaptchuk - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (1):14-19.
  3. A Preference Semantics for Imperatives.William B. Starr - 2020 - Semantics and Pragmatics 20.
    Imperative sentences like Dance! do not seem to represent the world. Recent modal analyses challenge this idea, but its intuitive and historical appeal remain strong. This paper presents three new challenges for a non-representational analysis, showing that the obstacles facing it are even steeper than previously appreciated. I will argue that the only way for the non-representationalist to meet these three challenges is to adopt a dynamic semantics. Such a dynamic semantics is proposed here: imperatives introduce preferences between alternatives. This (...)
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  4.  32
    The First Minds: Caterpillars, ‘Karyotes and Consciousness.William B. Miller - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (2):322-325.
  5. A Uniform Theory of Conditionals.William B. Starr - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (6):1019-1064.
    A uniform theory of conditionals is one which compositionally captures the behavior of both indicative and subjunctive conditionals without positing ambiguities. This paper raises new problems for the closest thing to a uniform analysis in the literature (Stalnaker, Philosophia, 5, 269–286 (1975)) and develops a new theory which solves them. I also show that this new analysis provides an improved treatment of three phenomena (the import-export equivalence, reverse Sobel-sequences and disjunctive antecedents). While these results concern central issues in the study (...)
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  6.  24
    A Slap in the Face: Why Insults Hurt - and Why They Shouldn't.William B. Irvine - 2013 - Oup Usa.
    In A Slap in the Face, William Irvine undertakes a wide-ranging investigation of insults, their history, the role they play in social relationships, and the science behind them.
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  7. Moral Luck.B. A. O. Williams & T. Nagel - 1976 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes 50:115-151.
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  8. Nothing Better Than Death: Insights From Sixty-Two Profound Near-Death Experiences.Kevin R. Williams, B. Sc - 2002 - Xlibris.
    "Nothing Better Than Death" is a comprehensive analysis of the near-death experiences profiled on my website at www.near-death.com. This book provides complete NDE testimonials, summaries of various NDEs, NDE research conclusions, a question and answer section, an analysis of NDEs and Christian doctrines, famous quotations about life and death, a NDE bibliography, book notes, a list of NDE resources on the Internet, and a list of NDE support groups associated with IANDS.org - the International Association for Near-Death Studies. -/- The (...)
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  9. Expressing Permission.William B. Starr - 2016 - Semantics and Linguistic Theory 26:325-349.
    This paper proposes a semantics for free choice permission that explains both the non-classical behavior of modals and disjunction in sentences used to grant permission, and their classical behavior under negation. It also explains why permissions can expire when new information comes in and why free choice arises even when modals scope under disjunction. On the proposed approach, deontic modals update preference orderings, and connectives operate on these updates rather than propositions. The success of this approach stems from its capacity (...)
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  10. Moral Luck.B. A. O. Williams & T. Nagel - 1976 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 50:115 - 151.
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  11. Dynamic Expressivism About Deontic Modality.William B. Starr - 2016 - In Nate Charlow Matthew Chrisman (ed.), Deontic Modality. Oxford University Press. pp. 355-394.
  12.  6
    Heaven Wasn't His Destination: The Philosophy of Ludwig Feuerbach.William B. Chamberlain - 2013 - Routledge.
    If forced to state Feuerbach’s philosophical genealogy, one would have to say that he was son of Hegel, father of Marx, and half-brother of Comte. In his own day he had many a celebratory and many a vilifier. His philosophy has received very little direct treatment in the English language. Feuerbach’s contribution was in his writings on religion and philosophy, each of them a manifesto to humanity, telling us that the desires of men can be satisfied here below. The object (...)
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  13.  21
    When Group Membership Gets Personal: A Theory of Identity Fusion.William B. Swann, Jolanda Jetten, Ángel Gómez, Harvey Whitehouse & Brock Bastian - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):441-456.
  14. What 'If'?William B. Starr - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14.
    No existing conditional semantics captures the dual role of 'if' in embedded interrogatives — 'X wonders if p' — and conditionals. This paper presses the importance and extent of this challenge, linking it to cross-linguistic patterns and other phenomena involving conditionals. Among these other phenomena are conditionals with multiple 'if'-clauses in the antecedent — 'if p and if q, then r' — and relevance conditionals — 'if you are hungry, there is food in the cupboard'. Both phenomena are shown to (...)
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  15.  58
    Moral Luck.B. A. O. Williams & T. Nagel - 1976 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 50 (1):115-152.
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  16. Ethical Consistency.B. A. O. Williams & W. F. Atkinson - 1965 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 39 (1):103-138.
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  17.  24
    Biodiversity, Cultural Diversity, and Food Equity.William B. Lacy - 1994 - Agriculture and Human Values 11 (1):3-9.
    Biodiversity and genetic resources have become the focal point of major national and international biological and political debates regarding control, ownership, access, and erosion of critical resources. While these issues are key to environmental sustainability and food security, biodiversity and genetic resources must be seen in the broader context of their inextricable relationship to cultural diversity and to humans' view of nature. Nature is assumed to be constituted socially through a wide variety of human processes described collectively as culture. Three (...)
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  18.  67
    The Ethics of Investing.William B. Irvine - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (3):233 - 242.
    In this paper, I examine various popular notions concerning the ethics of investing. I first consider and reject the absolutist view that it is always wrong to invest in evil companies and the view that what makes investments in evil companies morally objectionable is the fact that by making such investments, investors are taking steps to benefit from the wrongdoing of others. I then defend the view that what makes certain investments morally objectionable is the fact that by making such (...)
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  19.  46
    Book ReviewRobert B. Baker, ;, Arthur L. Caplan, ;, Linda L. Emanuel, ; and Stephen R. Latham,, Eds. The American Medical Ethics Revolution: How the AMA’s Code of Ethics Has Transformed Physicians’ Relationships to Patients, Professionals, and Society. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999. Pp. 396. $59.95. [REVIEW]William B. Irvine - 2002 - Ethics 112 (2):354-356.
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  20.  5
    Aha!: The Moments of Insight That Shape Our World.William B. Irvine - 2015 - Oup Usa.
    How have the world's great thinkers, politicians, mathematicians, and religious figures reached their transformative moments of insight? Are there lessons to be learned from their experiences? William B. Irvine takes up these questions and others that relate to what he calls "aha moments," guiding us through the most striking examples of instantaneous intellectual breakthroughs that have shaped human civilization.
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  21.  13
    Mood, Force and Truth. [REVIEW]William B. Starr - 2014 - ProtoSociology 31:160-181.
    There is a big difference between saying Maya is singing, Is Maya singing? and Sing Maya! This paper examines and criticizes two attempts to rigorously explain this difference: Searle’s speech act theory and the truth-conditional reductionism advocated by Davidson and Lewis. On the speech act analysis, each utterance contains a marker which says what kind of speech act the utterance counts as performing. The truth-conditional reductionists try to reanalyze the non-declaratives as complex declarative forms. The former analysis fails to recognize (...)
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  22. Teaching Sciences: The Multicultural Question Revisited.William B. Stanley & Nancy W. Brickhouse - 2001 - Science Education 85 (1):35-49.
     
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  23. Force, Mood and Truth.William B. Starr - 2014 - ProtoSociology 31:160-181.
  24.  17
    Research, Extension, and User Partnerships: Models for Collaboration and Strategies for Change. [REVIEW]William B. Lacy - 1996 - Agriculture and Human Values 13 (2):33-41.
    Increasing pragmatic and ethical concerns have been raised about the inadequacies of conventional approaches to agricultural research and extension worldwide and the lack of integrated efforts among researchers, extension educators, and users. This paper examines three models of these relationships: the diffusion or supply model; the induced innovation or demand model; and the synthesis triangular or supply/demand model. The triangular model builds and improves upon the previous models by focusing on the role of clients or users in the broadest sense (...)
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  25.  20
    Altered Nuclear Transfer as a Morally Acceptable Means for the Procurement of Human Embryonic Stem Cells.William B. Hurlbut - 2005 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 5 (1):145-151.
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  26. ÔMoral IncapacityÕ.B. Williams - 1995 - In Bernard Williams (ed.), Making Sense of Humanity. Cambridge University Press.
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  27.  39
    A Genealogy of Queer Theory.William B. Turner - 2000 - Temple University Press.
    As such, the book will interest readers of gay/lesbian/bisexual/transgender studies, intellectual history, political theory, and the history of gender/sexuality ...
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  28.  10
    Quest for Accuracy in Person Perception: A Matter of Pragmatics.William B. Swann - 1984 - Psychological Review 91 (4):457-477.
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  29.  34
    Light of Reason, Light of Nature. Catholic and Protestant Metaphors of Scientific Knowledge.William B. Ashworth - 1989 - Science in Context 3 (1):89-107.
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  30. Multiculturalism, Universalism, and Science Education.William B. Stanley & Nancy W. Brickhouse - 1994 - Science Education 78 (4):387-398.
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  31.  12
    Modern Science and the Nature of Life by William S. Beck. [REVIEW]William B. Bean - 1958 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 1 (4):457-458.
  32.  18
    Agricultural Biotechnology Research: Practices, Consequences, and Policy Recommendations. [REVIEW]William B. Lacy, Laura R. Lacy & Lawrence Busch - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (3):3-14.
    This paper reviews current trends in the development of agricultural biotechnology, including (1) the recent and potential biotechnology products and processes in the plant, animal and food sciences, and (2) the enormous increase in Federal and State government and industrial investments in biotechnology research. Next we analyze the impacts and possible consequences of agricultural biotechnology for public and private agricultural research and for the structure and nature of the food system in this country and around the world. We conclude with (...)
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  33.  46
    The Positions of Lanthanum and Lutetium in the Periodic Table: An Update.William B. Jensen - 2015 - Foundations of Chemistry 17 (1):23-31.
    This article updates the author’s 1982 argument that lutetium and lawrencium, rather than lanthanum and actinium, should be assigned to the d-block as the heavier analogs of scandium and yttrium, whereas lanthanum and actinium should be considered as the first members of the f-block with irregular configurations. This update is embedded within a detailed analysis of Lavelle’s abortive 2008 attempt to discredit this suggestion.
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  34.  16
    How Do Households Choose Their Employer-Based Health Insurance?Jean Marie Abraham, William B. Vogt & Martin S. Gaynor - 2006 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 43 (4):315-332.
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  35.  11
    Difficulties in Applying a Functional Definition of Command Neurons.William B. Kristan & Janis Weeks - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):28-29.
  36.  26
    Pleasure and Belief.B. A. O. Williams & Errol Bedford - 1959 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 33 (1):57-92.
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  37.  21
    A Critique of Western Philosophical Ethics: Multidisciplinary Alternatives for Framing Ethical Dilemmas. [REVIEW]William B. Carlin & Kelly C. Strong - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (5):387 - 396.
    American discourse in business ethics is steeped in the traditional ethical theories of Western philosophies, specifically the Greek classics, Kant, and the British Utilitarians. These theories may be largely uninterpretable or unacceptable to non-Western populations owing to different traditions, religious beliefs, or cultural histories. As economic boundaries collapse and markets become more global in scope, traditional Western ethical thought may lead to clashes among Western organizations and companies from differing cultural settings. Such clashes could lead to alienation of foreign customers, (...)
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  38.  41
    Did Socrates Die of Hemlock Poisoning?William B. Ober - 1982 - Ancient Philosophy 2 (2):115-121.
  39.  14
    A Reversed Partial-Reinforcement Effect.William B. Pavlik & Peter L. Carlton - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (4):417.
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  40.  24
    On the Ability to Inhibit Thought and Action: A Theory of an Act of Control.Gordon D. Logan & William B. Cowan - 1984 - Psychological Review 91 (3):295-327.
  41. The Idea of the American University.John Agresto, William B. Allen, Michael P. Foley, Gary D. Glenn, Susan E. Hanssen, Mark C. Henrie, Peter Augustine Lawler, William Mathie, James V. Schall, Bradley C. S. Watson & Peter Wood (eds.) - 2010 - Lexington Books.
    As John Henry Newman reflected on 'The Idea of a University' more than a century and a half ago, Bradley C. S. Watson brings together some of the nation's most eminent thinkers on higher education to reflect on the nature and purposes of the American university today. Their mordant reflections paint a picture of the American university in crisis. This book is essential reading for thoughtful citizens, scholars, and educational policymakers.
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  42.  76
    Imperative Inference.B. A. O. Williams & P. T. Geach - 1963 - Analysis 23 (Suppl-1):30 - 42.
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  43. Utilitarianism, For and Against.J. J. C. Smart, B. A. O. Williams & Anthony Quinton - 1975 - Mind 84 (336):630-632.
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  44.  30
    The End of South African Sanctions, Institutional Ownership, and the Stock Price Performance of Boycotted Firms Evidence on the Impact of Social/Ethical Investing.Raman Kumar, William B. Lamb & Richard E. Wokutch - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (2):133-165.
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  45. Dewey, Aristotle, and Education as Completion.William B. Cochran - 2019 - Philosophy of Education 2018 1:669-682.
  46.  23
    Insider Trading: An Ethical Appraisal.William B. Irvine - 1987 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6 (4):3-33.
  47.  33
    Patenting Humans: Clones, Chimeras, and Biological Artifacts.William B. Hurlbut - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):21-29.
    The momentum of advances in biology is evident in the history of patents on life forms. As we proceed forward with greater understanding and technological control of developmental biology there will be many new and challenging dilemmas related to patenting of human parts and partial trajectories of human development. These dilemmas are already evident in the current conflict over the moral status of the early human embryo. In this essay, recent evidence from embryological studies is considered and the unbroken continuity (...)
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  48.  35
    Symbolic Logic and Appraisal of Argument.William B. Griffith - 1975 - Teaching Philosophy 1 (1):13-20.
  49. Mesmerism, spiritualism, etc., historically and scientifically considered.William B. Carpenter - 1877 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 4:440-443.
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  50. Abortion and the Status of the Fetus.William B. Bondesson, H. Tristram Englehardt, Stuart Spicker & Daniel H. Winship (eds.) - 1983 - D. Reidel.
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