Results for 'William C. Scott'

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  1.  18
    William C. Scott: The Oral Nature of the Homeric Simile. (Mnemosyne Supp. Xxviii.) Pp. Ix + 212. Leiden: Brill, 1974. Paper, Fl. 56. [REVIEW]M. M. Willcock - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (01):102-.
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  2.  14
    William C. Scott: The Oral Nature of the Homeric Simile. Pp. Ix + 212. Leiden: Brill, 1974. Paper, Fl. 56.M. M. Willcock - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (1):102-102.
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  3. Traum und Sinnestauschung bei Aischylos, Sophokles, Euripides.William C. Scott & Robert Lennig - 1972 - American Journal of Philology 93 (2):369.
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  4. Disjunctivism, Indistinguishability, and the Nature of Hallucination.William C. Fish - 2008 - In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 144--167.
    In the eyes of some of its critics, disjunctivism fails to support adequately the key claim that a particular hallucination might be indistinguishable from a certain kind of veridical perception despite the two states having nothing other than this in common. Scott Sturgeon, for example, has complained that disjunctivism ‘‘offers no positive story about hallucination at all’’ (2000: 11) and therefore ‘‘simply takes [indistinguishability] for granted’’ (2000: 12). So according to Sturgeon, what the disjunctivist needs to provide is a (...)
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  5. Discovering Complexity.William Bechtel, Robert C. Richardson & Scott A. Kleiner - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (3):363-382.
  6. The Oral Nature of the Homeric Simile.Deborah D. Boedeker & William C. Scott - 1975 - American Journal of Philology 96 (3):306.
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  7.  22
    William C. Dowling , Ricoeur on Time and Narrative: An Introduction to Temps Et Récit . Reviewed By.Scott Davidson - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (3):167-169.
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  8.  89
    Healing Relationships and the Existential Philosophy of Martin Buber.John G. Scott, Rebecca G. Scott, William L. Miller, Kurt C. Stange & Benjamin F. Crabtree - 2009 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4:11-.
    The dominant unspoken philosophical basis of medical care in the United States is a form of Cartesian reductionism that views the body as a machine and medical professionals as technicians whose job is to repair that machine. The purpose of this paper is to advocate for an alternative philosophy of medicine based on the concept of healing relationships between clinicians and patients. This is accomplished first by exploring the ethical and philosophical work of Pellegrino and Thomasma and then by connecting (...)
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  9. Viability of Preictal High-Frequency Oscillation Rates as a Biomarker for Seizure Prediction.Jared M. Scott, Stephen V. Gliske, Levin Kuhlmann & William C. Stacey - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Motivation: There is an ongoing search for definitive and reliable biomarkers to forecast or predict imminent seizure onset, but to date most research has been limited to EEG with sampling rates <1,000 Hz. High-frequency oscillations have gained acceptance as an indicator of epileptic tissue, but few have investigated the temporal properties of HFOs or their potential role as a predictor in seizure prediction. Here we evaluate time-varying trends in preictal HFO rates as a potential biomarker of seizure prediction.Methods: HFOs were (...)
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  10.  25
    On Cancer and Hormones—Essays in Experimental Biology Contributors: E. Boyland, Sir Stanford Cade, Thomas L. Dao, Frank Dickens, Sir Charles Dodds, W. U. Gardner, Alexander Haddow, George Hevesy, Clarence V. Hodges, Dwight J. Ingle, Herbert I. Jacobson, Elwood V. Jensen, Herman M. Kalckar, Eugene P. Kennedy, Albert L. Lehninger, Alexander Lipschutz, Thaddeus Mann, Reed M. Nesbit, Peyton Rous, William Wallace Scott and Horst K. A. Schirmer, Albert Szent-Györgyi, Paul Talalay, Donald F. Tapley, C. W. Verme. [REVIEW]H. A. Krebs - 1963 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 6 (3):383-385.
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  11.  17
    Everyday Things in Classical GreeceChild Life in Greek ArtDaedalus and ThespisThe Treasurers of AthenaAthenian Financial Documents of the Fifth CenturyA Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions to the End of the Fifth Century B. C.H. T. W.-G., Marjorie, C. H. B. Quennell, Anita E. Klein, Walter Miller, William Scott Ferguson, Benjamin Dean Meritt & Marcus N. Tod - 1933 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 53:133.
  12.  9
    The Jurisprudence of Marriage and Other Intimate Relationships Edited by Scott FitzGibbon, Lynn D. Wardle, and A. Scott Loveless William S. Hein & Co., Inc., 2010. [REVIEW]E. C. Brugger - 2010 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 55 (1):225-232.
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  13.  14
    The Treasurers of Athena. By William Scott Ferguson. Pp. Ix + 198. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1932. $4. - Athenian Financial Documents of the Fifth Century. By Benjamin Dean Meritt. Pp. Xiv + 192; 17 Plates, 24 Figures in Text. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1932. - A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions to the End of the Fifth Century B.C. Edited by Marcus N. Tod. Pp. Xx + 256. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1933. 12s. 6d. [REVIEW]T. W.-G. H. - 1933 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 53 (1):134-137.
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  14. William C. Gay -- Philosophy and the Nuclear Debate.William C. Gay - 1984 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (3-4):1-8.
  15. William C. Wimsatt.C. William - 1976 - In G. Gordon, Grover Maxwell & I. Savodnik (eds.), Consciousness and the Brain: A Scientific and Philosophical Inquiry. Plenum. pp. 205.
     
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  16.  29
    On the Limits of the Term “Pragmatism”.Scott Aikin - 2018 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 54 (3):363.
    Book Symposium on Cheryl Misak's Cambridge Pragmatism: From Peirce and James to Ramsey and WittgensteinCheryl Misak's Cambridge Pragmatism is posited on the thought that the link between belief and action is a pragmatist hallmark. It is this central commitment that Misak sees running through the work of the towering figures of the two Cambridges—C.S. Peirce, William James, Bertrand Russell, Frank Ramsey, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. It is on this basis that Misak holds that these figures can be termed 'pragmatists.' My (...)
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  17.  93
    Re-Engineering Philosophy for Limited Beings: Piecewise Approximations to Reality.William C. Wimsatt - 2007 - Harvard University Press.
    This book offers a philosophy for error-prone humans trying to understand messy systems in the real world.
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  18.  32
    Mysticism Versus Philosophy in Earlier Islamic History: The Al–Tūsi, Al–Qūnawi Correspondence: WILLIAM C. CHITTICK.William C. Chittick - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (1):87-104.
    To say ‘mysticism versus philosophy’ in the context of Islamic civilization means something far different from what it has come to signify in the West, where many philosophers have looked upon mysticism as the abandonment of any attempt to reconcile religious data with intelligent thought. Certainly the Muslim mystics and philosophers sometimes display a certain mutual opposition and antagonism, but never does their relationship even approach incompatibility.
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  19.  40
    Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought.William C. Wimsatt - 1970 - Philosophy of Science 37 (4):620-623.
  20. Re-Engineering Philosophy for Limited Beings. Piecewise Approximations to Reality.William C. Wimsatt - 2010 - Critica 42 (124):108-117.
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  21. Teleology and the Logical Structure of Function Statements.William C. Wimsatt - 1972 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 3 (1):1-80.
  22. Aggregativity: Reductive Heuristics for Finding Emergence.William C. Wimsatt - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):372-84.
    Most philosophical accounts of emergence are incompatible with reduction. Most scientists regard a system property as emergent relative to properties of the system's parts if it depends upon their mode of organization--a view consistent with reduction. Emergence can be analyzed as a failure of aggregativity--a state in which "the whole is nothing more than the sum of its parts." Aggregativity requires four conditions, giving tools for analyzing modes of organization. Differently met for different decompositions of the system, and in different (...)
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  23. The Ontology of Complex Systems: Levels of Organization, Perspectives, and Causal Thickets.William C. Wimsatt - 1994 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 20:207-274.
  24. Developmental Constraints, Generative Entrenchment, and the Innate-Acquired Distinction.William C. Wimsatt - 1986 - In William Bechtel (ed.), Integrating Scientific Disciplines. pp. 185--208.
  25. Reductionism, Levels of Organization, and the Mind-Body Problem.William C. Wimsatt - 1976 - In Gordon G. Globus (ed.), Consciousness and the Brain. Plenum Press.
  26. Reductionism and its Heuristics: Making Methodological Reductionism Honest.William C. Wimsatt - 2006 - Synthese 151 (3):445-475.
    Methodological reductionists practice ‘wannabe reductionism’. They claim that one should pursue reductionism, but never propose how. I integrate two strains in prior work to do so. Three kinds of activities are pursued as “reductionist”. “Successional reduction” and inter-level mechanistic explanation are legitimate and powerful strategies. Eliminativism is generally ill-conceived. Specific problem-solving heuristics for constructing inter-level mechanistic explanations show why and when they can provide powerful and fruitful tools and insights, but sometimes lead to erroneous results. I show how traditional metaphysical (...)
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  27.  34
    Gender and the Politics of History.William H. Sewell & Joan Wallach Scott - 1990 - History and Theory 29 (1):71.
  28.  71
    Reductive Explanation: A Functional Account.William C. Wimsatt - 1972 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1974:671-710.
  29.  77
    Complexity and Organization.William C. Wimsatt - 1972 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1972:67-86.
  30. Emergence as Non-Aggregativity and the Biases of Reductionisms.William C. Wimsatt - 2000 - Foundations of Science 5 (3):269-297.
    Most philosophical accounts of emergence are incompatible with reduction. Most scientists regard a system property as emergent relative to properties of its parts if it depends upon their mode of organization-a view consistent with reduction. Emergence is a failure of aggregativity, in which ``the whole is nothing more than the sum of its parts''. Aggregativity requires four conditions, giving powerful tools for analyzing modes of organization. Differently met for different decompositions of the system, and in different degrees, the structural conditions (...)
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  31. A Philosophical Life: The Collected Essays of William C. Gentry.William C. Gentry - 2008 - Upa.
    William C. Gentry was both an academic philosopher, perfectly willing to engage in the philosophical 'conversations' of the written word and, more importantly, a true philosopher, in the Platonic and Socratic style. Engaging with those around him in discourse, in live conversations, which are the vehicle of actual philosophical inquiry and discovery. These essays are the product of those conversations. Gentry's thoughts consisted of investigations into the deepest and most profound questions of human nature, ethics, and knowledge. This volume (...)
     
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  32. Aggregate, Composed, and Evolved Systems: Reductionistic Heuristics as Means to More Holistic Theories. [REVIEW]William C. Wimsatt - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (5):667-702.
    Richard Levins’ distinction between aggregate, composed and evolved systems acquires new significance as we recognize the importance of mechanistic explanation. Criteria for aggregativity provide limiting cases for absence of organization, so through their failure, can provide rich detectors for organizational properties. I explore the use of failures of aggregativity for the analysis of mechanistic systems in diverse contexts. Aggregativity appears theoretically desireable, but we are easily fooled. It may be exaggerated through approximation, conditions of derivation, and extrapolating from some conditions (...)
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  33.  81
    Genes, Memes, and Cultural Heredity.William C. Wimsatt - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (2):279-310.
  34.  6
    Robustness, Reliability, and Overdetermination (1981).William C. Wimsatt - 2012 - In Characterizing the Robustness of Science. pp. 61-78.
    The use of multiple means of determination to “triangulate” on the existence and character of a common phenomenon, object, or result has had a long tradition in science but has seldom been a matter of primary focus. As with many traditions, it is traceable to Aristotle, who valued having multiple explanations of a phenomenon, and it may also be involved in his distinction between special objects of sense and common sensibles. It is implicit though not emphasized in the distinction between (...)
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  35.  23
    Kierkegaard on the Transformation of the Individual in Conversion: WILLIAM C.DAVIS.William C. Davis - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (2):145-163.
    From at least the time of the writing of The Philosophical Fragments , Søren Kierkegaard's work takes a special interest in both the transition from unbelief to faith and the character of the life of true faith. Trained in Lutheran dogma and convinced of the radical nature of human freedom, his work on this subject demonstrates a profound concern for and grasp of Lutheran orthodoxy, as well as a remarkable degree of subtlety. After all, it is no simple task to (...)
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  36.  81
    Randomness and Perceived-Randomness in Evolutionary Biology.William C. Wimsatt - 1980 - Synthese 43 (2):287 - 329.
  37. Using False Models to Elaborate Constraints on Processes: Blending Inheritance in Organic and Cultural Evolution.William C. Wimsatt - 2002 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (S3):S12-S24.
    Scientific models may be more useful for false assumptions they make than true ones when one is interested not in the fit of the model, but in the form of the residuals. Modeling Darwin’s “blending” theory of inheritance shows how it illuminates features of Mendelian theory. Insufficient understanding of it leads to incorrect moves in modeling population structure. But it may prove even more useful for organizing a theory of cultural evolution. Analysis of “blending” inheritance gives new tools for recognizing (...)
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  38.  15
    Who Understands? A Survey of 25 Words or Phrases Commonly Used in Proposed Clinical Research Consent Forms.William C. Waggoner & Diane M. Mayo - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  39.  12
    How Bacteriophage Came to Be Used by the Phage Group.William C. Summers - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):255-267.
  40.  43
    The Units of Selection and the Structure of the Multi-Level Genome.William C. Wimsatt - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:122 - 183.
    The reductionistic vision of evolutionary theory, "the gene's eye view of evolution" is the dominant view among evolutionary biologists today. On this view, the gene is the only unit with sufficient stability to act as a unit of selection, with individuals and groups being more ephemeral units of function, but not of selection. This view is argued to be incorrect, on several grounds. The empirical and theoretical bases for the existence of higher-level units of selection are explored, and alternative analyses (...)
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  41.  7
    Cooperation is Alive and Well.C. Scott Findlaya & Charles J. Lumsden - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):702-704.
  42.  47
    Codes of Ethics — Towards a Rule-Utilitarian Justification.William C. Starr - 1983 - Journal of Business Ethics 2 (2):99 - 106.
    This paper attempts to provide a conceptual underpinning for codes of ethics in business and the professions. Rule-utilitarianism is a theory of ethics which I believe can successfully do this. Business persons and professionals, hopefully, will be able to develop codes of ethics in a manner consistent with a well-formulated general ethical theory. This will help enable codes of ethics to be a bridge between general ethical theory and specific ethical decisions made in business and the professions.
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  43.  15
    Using False Models to Elaborate Constraints on Processes: Blending Inheritance in Organic and Cultural Evolution.William C. Wimsatt - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):S12-S24.
    Scientific models may be more useful for false assumptions they make than true ones when one is interested not in the fit of the model, but in the form of the residuals. Modeling Darwin’s “blending” theory of inheritance shows how it illuminates features of Mendelian theory. Insufficient understanding of it leads to incorrect moves in modeling population structure. But it may prove even more useful for organizing a theory of cultural evolution. Analysis of “blending” inheritance gives new tools for recognizing (...)
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  44.  54
    From CSR1 to CSR2 The Maturing of Business-and-Society Thought.William C. Frederick - 1994 - Business and Society 33 (2):150-164.
  45.  27
    Generativity, Entrenchment, Evolution, and Innateness: Philosophy, Evolutionary Biology, and Conceptual Foundations of Science.William C. Wimsatt - 1999 - In V. Harcastle (ed.), Where Biology Meets Psychology. pp. 137--179.
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  46. Memetics Does Not Provide a Useful Way of Understanding Cultural Evolution : A Developmental Perspective.William C. Wimsatt - 2010 - In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 273-291.
     
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  47.  43
    Articulating Babel: An Approach to Cultural Evolution.William C. Wimsatt - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):563-571.
    After an initial discussion of the character of interdisciplinary linkages between complex disciplines, I consider an area with confluences of many diverse disciplines—the study of cultural evolution. This must embrace not only the traditional biological sciences, but also the multiple often warring disciplines of the human sciences. This interdisciplinary articulation is in its early stages compared, e.g., to that of evolutionary biology or evolutionary developmental biology, and I try to lay out major axes along which its articulation should plausibly occur, (...)
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  48. Generative Entrenchment and an Evolutionary Developmental Biology for Culture.William C. Wimsatt - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):364-366.
    Mesoudi et al.'s new synthesis for cultural evolution closely parallels the evolutionary synthesis of Neo-Darwinism. It too draws inspiration from population genetics, recruits other fields, and, unfortunately, also ignores development. Enculturation involves many serially acquired skills and dependencies that allow us to build a rich cumulative culture. The newer synthesis, evolutionary developmental biology, provides a key tool, generative entrenchment, to analyze them. (Published Online November 9 2006).
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  49.  49
    Models and Experiments? An Exploration: Review of Michael Weisberg’s Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World, Oxford, 2013.William C. Wimsatt - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (2):293-298.
    Michael Weisberg has given us a lovely book on models. It has very broad coverage of issues intersecting the nature of models and their use, an extensive consideration of long ignored “concrete” models with a rich case study, a discussion and classification of the many diverse kinds of models, and a particularly groundbreaking and innovative discussion of similarity concerning how models relate to the world. Included are insightful discussions of increasingly used “agent based” models, and the conjoint use of multiple (...)
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  50.  38
    On Building Reliable Pictures with Unreliable Data: An Evolutionary and Developmental Coda for the New Systems Biology.William C. Wimsatt - 2007 - In Fred C. Boogerd, Frank J. Bruggeman, Jan-Hendrik S. Hofmeyr & Hans V. Westerhoff (eds.), Systems Biology: Philosophical Foundations. Elsevier. pp. 103--20.
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