Results for 'William E. Stempsey'

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  1. Disease and Diagnosis Value-Dependent Realism / by William E. Stempsey.William E. Stempsey - 1999
  2.  27
    Miriam Solomon, Jeremy R. Simon, and Harold Kincaid : The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine: New York and London: Routledge, 2017, 564 Pp, $240.00 , ISBN: 978-1-138-84679-1.William E. Stempsey - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (6):495-499.
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  3.  2
    A Pathological View of Disease.William E. Stempsey - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics: Philosophy of Medical Research and Practice 21 (4):321-330.
    This paper is a response to Christopher Boorse's recent defense of his Biostatistical Theory of health and disease. Boorse maintains that his concept of theoretical health and disease reflects the "considered usage of pathologists." I argue that pathologists do not use "disease" in the purely theoretical way that is required by the BST. Pathology does not draw a sharp distinction between theoretical and practical aspects of medicine.
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  4.  6
    Death and the Paradox of Blessing and Burden.William E. Stempsey - 2013 - Theoretical and Applied Ethics 2 (1):115-119.
    Hans Jonas argued that death is both a blessing and a burden, basing his argument on an evolutionary viewpoint. He highlighted the paradox that life carries the burden of death within itself. Daniel Callahan responded that Jonas’s failure to fully appreciate the value of life shows the deficiency of using evolution to explain how death could be a blessing for individuals. Jazmine Gabriel now convincingly defends Jonas against Callahan’s charges, showing that Jonas’s commitment to fight against the Nazis, his attack (...)
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  5.  54
    Miracles and the Limits of Medical Knowledge.William E. Stempsey - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (1):1 - 9.
    In considering whether medical miracles occur, the limits of epistemology bring us to confront our metaphysical worldview of medicine and nature in general. This raises epistemological questions of a higher order. David Hume’s understanding of miracles as violations of the laws of nature assumes that nature is completely regular, whereas doctrines such as C. S. Peirce’s "tychism" hold that there is an element of absolute chance in the workings of the universe. Process philosophy gives yet another view of the working (...)
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  6.  50
    Plato and Holistic Medicine.William E. Stempsey - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):201-209.
    Popular visions of holistic health and holistic medicine are not so much reactions to perceived excesses of technological medicine as they are visions of the good life itself and how to attain it. This paper attempts to clarify some of the concepts associated with holistic health and medicine. The particular vision of holistic health presented here is well exemplified in the writings of Plato. First, I examine the scientific concept of holism and argue that, while medicine is inadequately characterized by (...)
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  7.  23
    The Quarantine of Philosophy in Medical Education: Why Teaching the Humanities May Not Produce Humane Physicians.William E. Stempsey - 1999 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1):3-9.
    Patients increasingly see physicians not as humane caregivers but as unfeeling technicians. The study of philosophy in medical school has been proposed to foster critical thinking about one's assumptions, perspectives and biases, encourage greater tolerance toward the ideas of others, and cultivate empathy. I suggest that the study of ethics and philosophy by medical students has failed to produce the humane physicians we seek because of the way the subject matter is quarantined in American medical education. First, the liberal arts (...)
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  8. A Pathological View of Disease.William E. Stempsey - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (4):321-330.
    This paper is a response to Christopher Boorse's recent defense of hisBiostatistical Theory (BST) of health and disease. Boorse maintains that hisconcept of theoretical health and disease reflects the ``consideredusage of pathologists.'' I argue that pathologists do not use ``disease'' inthe purely theoretical way that is required by the BST. Pathology does notdraw a sharp distinction between theoretical and practical aspects ofmedicine. Pathology does not even need a theoretical concept of disease. Itsfocus is not theoretical, but practical; pathology's goal is (...)
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  9.  55
    A New Stoic: The Wise Patient.William E. Stempsey - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (4):451 – 472.
    It is common to talk of wise physicians, but not so common to talk of wise patients. "Patient" is a word derived from the Latin patior - "to suffer," but also "to let be." Suffering has been the universal lot of humanity, and medicine rightly tries to relieve suffering. Medical progress, like all technological progress, leads us more and more to hope that we can control our fate. However, we do well to ask whether our attempts to control our fate (...)
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  10.  89
    Emerging Medical Technologies and Emerging Conceptions of Health.William E. Stempsey - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (3):227-243.
    Using ideas gleaned from the philosophy of technology of Martin Heidegger and Hans Jonas and the philosophy of health of Georges Canguilhem, I argue that one of the characteristics of emerging medical technologies is that these technologies lead to new conceptions of health. When technologies enable the body to respond to more and more challenges of disease, we thus establish new norms of health. Given the continued development of successful technologies, we come to expect more and more that our bodies (...)
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  11.  98
    Clinical Reasoning: New Challenges.William E. Stempsey - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (3):173-179.
    This article is an introduction to a special issue of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics on clinical reasoning. Clinical reasoning encompasses the gamut of thinking about clinical medical practice—the evaluation and management of patients’ medical problems. Theories of clinical reasoning may be normative or descriptive; that is, they may offer recommendations on how clinicians ought to think or they may simply attempt to describe how clinicians actually do think. This article briefly surveys these approaches in order to show the complexity of (...)
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  12.  1
    Causation and Moral Responsibility for Death.William E. Stempsey - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 4:171-176.
    The distinction between killing and letting die has been a controversial element in arguments about the morality of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. The killing/letting die distinction is based on causation of death. However, a number of causal factors come into play in any death; it is impossible to state a complete cause of death. I argue that John Mackie’s analysis of causation in terms of ‘inus factors,’ insufficient but nonredundant parts of unnecessary but sufficient conditions, helps us to see that (...)
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  13.  17
    Bioethics Needs Religion.William E. Stempsey - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (12):17-18.
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  14.  45
    Laying Down One's Life for Oneself.William E. Stempsey - 1998 - Christian Bioethics 4 (2):202-224.
    Roman Catholicism has long opposed suicide. Although Scripture neither condones nor condemns suicide explicitly, cases in the Bible that are purported to be suicides fall into several different categories, and the Roman Catholic tradition can show why some of these should be considered morally wrong and some should not. While Christian martyrdom is praised, it is not correct to argue that this Christian outlook invites suicide, or that it recommends physician-assisted suicide for altruistic motives. Church Tradition, from its earliest days, (...)
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  15.  90
    Lisa A. Eckenwiler and Felicia G. Cohn (Eds.): The Ethics of Bioethics: Mapping the Moral Landscape.William E. Stempsey - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):121-124.
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  16.  15
    Kenneth A. Richman: Ethics and the Metaphysics of Medicine: Reflections on Health and Beneficence. [REVIEW]William E. Stempsey - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (1):125-127.
  17.  23
    Institutional Identity and Roman Catholic Hospitals.William E. Stempsey - 2001 - Christian Bioethics 7 (1):3-14.
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  18.  14
    Homo Religiosus: The Soul of Bioethics.William E. Stempsey - 2021 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 46 (2):238-253.
    Although many of the pioneers of present-day bioethics came from religious and theological backgrounds, the recent controversy about the role of religion in bioethics has elicited much attention. Timothy Murphy would ban religion from bioethics altogether. Much of the ado hinges on conflicting understandings of just what bioethics is and just what religion is. This paper attempts to make more explicit how the fields of bioethics and religion have been understood in this context, and how they should not be understood. (...)
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  19.  25
    Hope for Health and Health Care.William E. Stempsey - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (1):41-49.
    Virtually all activities of health care are motivated at some level by hope. Patients hope for a cure; for relief from pain; for a return home. Physicians hope to prevent illness in their patients; to make the correct diagnosis when illness presents itself; that their prescribed treatments will be effective. Researchers hope to learn more about the causes of illness; to discover new and more effective treatments; to understand how treatments work. Ultimately, all who work in health care hope to (...)
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  20.  51
    Religion and Bioethics: Can We Talk? [REVIEW]William E. Stempsey - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (4):339-350.
    Religious voices were important in the early days of the contemporary field of bioethics but have now become decidedly less prominent. This is unfortunate because religious elements are essential parts of the most foundational aspects of bioethics. The problem is that there is an incommensurability between religious language and languages of public discourse such as the “public reason” of John Rawls. To eliminate what is unique in religious language is to lose something essential. This paper examines the reasons for the (...)
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  21.  86
    Organ Markets and Human Dignity: On Selling Your Body and Soul.William E. Stempsey - 2000 - Christian Bioethics 6 (2):195-204.
    This article addresses the ethics of selling transplantable organs. I examine and refute the claim that Catholic teaching would permit and even encourage an organ market. The acceptance of organ transplantation by the Church and even its praise of organ donors should not distract us from the quite explicit Church teaching that condemns an organ market. I offer some reasons why the Church should continue to disapprove of an organ market. The recent commercial turn in medicine can blind us to (...)
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  22. No Biblical Warrant for Suicide.William E. Stempsey - 1999 - Ethics and Medics 24 (6):1-2.
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  23.  21
    Medical Humanities: Introduction to the Theme. [REVIEW]William E. Stempsey - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):359-361.
    The Twentieth European Conference on Philosophy of Medicine and Health Care was held in Helsinki, Finland, in August 2006 and highlighted the theme “Medicine, Philosophy and the Humanities.” The four papers in this thematic section are developed from presentations made at that conference.They are the work of physicians and philosophers and present fundamentally philosophical reflections on the medical humanities. The authors show that philosophy offers both a substantial way of humanizing the theory and practice of medicine and a way to (...)
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  24.  23
    Medical Humanities and Philosophy: Is the Universe Expanding or Contracting? [REVIEW]William E. Stempsey - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):373-383.
    The question of whether the universe is expanding or contracting serves as a model for current questions facing the medical humanities. The medical humanities might aptly be described as a metamedical multiverse encompassing many separate universes of discourse, the most prominent of which is probably bioethics. Bioethics, however, is increasingly developing into a new interdisciplinary discipline, and threatens to engulf the other medical humanities, robbing them of their own distinctive contributions to metamedicine. The philosophy of medicine considered as a distinct (...)
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  25.  32
    The Philosophy of Medicine: Development of a Discipline. [REVIEW]William E. Stempsey - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):243-251.
    This paper is a criticalexamination of the development of thephilosophy of medicine as a discipline. Ithighlights two major themes in the contemporarydebate about the philosophy of medicine: thescope of the discipline and the relation of thediscipline to its cognate disciplines. A broadview of the philosophy of medicine is defendedand the philosophy of medicine is seen as aphilosophical sub-discipline. These viewsdepend in important ways on three factors: ageneral metaphysical world view, particularunderstandings of the cognate disciplines, andthe perspective from which one asks (...)
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  26.  11
    The Geneticization of Diagnostics.William E. Stempsey - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (2):193-200.
    “Geneticization” is a term used to describe the ways in which the science of genetics is influencing society at large and medicine in particular; it has important implications for the process of diagnostics. Because genetic diagnostics produces knowledge about genetic disease and predisposition to disease, it is essentially influenced by these innovations in the disease concept. In this paper, I argue that genetic diagnostics presents new ethical challenges not because the diagnostic process or method in genetic diagnostics is ethically different (...)
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  27.  2
    Reconciling Reductionistic and Holistic Theories of Health with Weak Emergence.William E. Stempsey - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 20:29-33.
    The nature of health is one of the central topics in the philosophy of medicine. The concept of health is complex because it comprises multiple features and there is no consensus on which feature is most basic or even whether some particular feature has any importance at all. This paper focuses on how several basic elements play a role in the formation of the concept of health. My central claim is that the theory of emergence offers a way to construct (...)
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  28.  22
    The Role of Religion in the Debate About Physician-Assisted Dying.William E. Stempsey - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (4):383-387.
    This paper explores the role of religious belief in public debate about physician-assisted dying and argues that the role is essential because any discussion about the way we die raises the deepest questions about the meaning of human life and death. For religious people, such questions are essentially religious ones, even when the religious elements are framed in secular political or philosophical language. The paper begins by reviewing some of the empirical data about religious belief and practice in the United (...)
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  29.  1
    William E. Connolly: Democracy, Pluralism and Political Theory.William E. Connolly - 2007 - Routledge.
    William E. Connolly’s writings have pushed the leading edge of political theory, first in North America and then in Europe as well, for more than two decades now. This book draws on his numerous influential books and articles to provide a coherent and comprehensive overview of his significant contribution to the field of political theory. The book focuses in particular on three key areas of his thinking: Democracy: his work in democratic theory - through his critical challenges to the (...)
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  30.  14
    William E. Connolly: Democracy, Pluralism & Political Theory.William E. Connolly - 2007 - Routledge.
    William E. Connolly’s writings have pushed the leading edge of political theory, first in North America and then in Europe as well, for more than two decades now. This book draws on his numerous influential books and articles to provide a coherent and comprehensive overview of his significant contribution to the field of political theory. The book focuses in particular on three key areas of his thinking: Democracy: his work in democratic theory - through his critical challenges to the (...)
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  31.  37
    Divine Simplicity: WILLIAM E. MANN.William E. Mann - 1982 - Religious Studies 18 (4):451-471.
    In The City of God , XI, 10, St Augustine claims that the divine nature is simple because ‘it is what it has’ . We may take this as a slogan for the Doctrine of Divine Simplicity , a doctrine which finds its way into orthodox medieval Christian theological speculation. Like the doctrine of God's timeless eternality, the DDS has seemed obvious and pious to many, and incoherent, misguided, and repugnant to others. Unlike the doctrine of God's timeless eternality, the (...)
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  32.  30
    Simplicity and Properties: A Reply to Morris: WILLIAM E. MANN.William E. Mann - 1986 - Religious Studies 22 (3-4):343-353.
    The doctrine of divine simplicity, the doctrine that God has no physical or metaphysical complexity whatsoever, is not a doctrine designed to induce immediate philosophical acquiescence. There are severe questions about its coherence. And even if those questions can be answered satisfactorily in favour of the doctrine, there remains the question why anyone should accept it. Thomas V. Morris raises both sorts of questions about a version of the doctrine which I have put forward. In the following pages I shall (...)
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  33.  26
    A Christian Seminary's Support Forreligion-Science Discussion.William E. Lesher - 1987 - Zygon 22 (s1):39-42.
    . A Christian seminary supports the study of religion andscience, in order to relate its faith to people living in scientificallyoriented cultures. It invites the scientific and university com‐munities to join in developing a model for dialogue that may be abasis for more ecumenical efforts at relating religion and science, so as to ease tensions between religious communities. The workpioneered by the Center for Advanced Study in Religion andScience and by Zygon is giving rise to new enterprises, including thecoming establishment (...)
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  34.  40
    The Challenge of Global Ethics: Learning and Organizing.William E. Lesher - 1999 - Zygon 34 (2):255-263.
  35.  7
    Review: Hugues Leblanc, William A. Wisdom, Deductive Logic. [REVIEW]William E. Gould - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (4):628-629.
  36. William Whewell's Theory of Scientific Method.William Whewell & Robert E. Butts - 1968 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
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  37.  4
    Hugues Leblanc and William A. Wisdom. Deductive Logic. Allyn and Bacon, Inc., Boston 1972, Xii + 367 Pp. [REVIEW]William E. Gould - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (4):628-629.
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  38.  10
    Review: J. N. Crossley, C. J. Ash, C. J. Brickhill, J. C. Stillwell, N. H. Williams, What is Mathematical Logic? [REVIEW]William E. Gould - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (2):241-241.
  39. Rationality and the Ends of Humean Action.William E. Young - 1992 - Dissertation, University of Notre Dame
    Philosophical tradition sharply distinguishes the conditions under which belief and action are reasonable. This dissertation examines one attempt to sustain this division, namely, the Humean analysis of practical reasons. The Humean analysis divides practical reasons into end and means. The former concerns what one should pursue as goal. The latter, what one should do to realize one's ends. Humeans argue that end reasons are not subject to the conditions of reasonable belief. Since end reasons pick out what has value for (...)
     
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  40.  25
    William E. Carlo 1921-1971.Lawrence E. Moran - 1971 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 45:210 - 211.
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  41. John Paul II's Moral Theology on Trial: A Reply to Charles E. Curran.William May & E. Brugger - 2005 - The Thomist 69:279-312.
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  42. John Paul II's Moral Theology on Trial: A Reply to Charles E. Curran.William E. May & E. Christian Brugger - 2005 - The Thomist 69 (2):279-312.
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  43. Letters From a Tutor to His Pupils [Ed. By E.C.].William Jones & C. E. - 1863
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  44. Russel Hardin, John J. Mearsheimer, Gerald Dworkin, and Robert E. Goodin, Eds., Nuclear Deterrence: Ethics and Strategy Reviewed By. [REVIEW]William E. Seager - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7 (2):68-70.
     
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  45.  14
    J. N. Crossley, C. J. Ash, C. J. Brickhill, J. C. Still Well, and N. H. Williams. What is Mathematical Logic?Oxford University Press, London, Oxford, and New York, 1972, Ix + 82 Pp. [REVIEW]William E. Gould - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (2):241.
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  46.  47
    Resentment and Impartiality.William E. Young - 1998 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):103-130.
  47.  19
    The Christianization of the West I. Mazzini, L. Bacci: Evangelizzazione dell'Occidente Dal Terzo All'ottavo Secolo. Lingua E Linguaggi. Dibattito Teologico . Pp. 207. Rome: Herder Editrice E Libreria, 2001. Paper, €45. ISBN: 88-85876-62-. [REVIEW]William E. Klingshirn - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (01):288-.
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  48.  27
    Drugs, the Nation and Free Lancing: Decoding the Moral Universe of William Bennett.William E. Connolly - 1991 - Theory and Event 1 (1).
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  49. William E. Connolly: Democracy, Pluralism and Political Theory.Samuel Chambers & Terrell Carver (eds.) - 2007 - Routledge.
    William E. Connolly’s writings have pushed the leading edge of political theory, first in North America and then in Europe as well, for more than two decades now. This book draws on his numerous influential books and articles to provide a coherent and comprehensive overview of his significant contribution to the field of political theory. The book focuses in particular on three key areas of his thinking: Democracy: his work in democratic theory – through his critical challenges to the (...)
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  50.  4
    Facing the Planetary: Entangled Humanism and the Politics of Swarming.William E. Connolly - 2017 - Duke University Press.
    In _Facing the Planetary_ William E. Connolly expands his influential work on the politics of pluralization, capitalism, fragility, and secularism to address the complexities of climate change and to complicate notions of the Anthropocene. Focusing on planetary processes—including the ocean conveyor, glacier flows, tectonic plates, and species evolution—he combines a critical understanding of capitalism with an appreciation of how such nonhuman systems periodically change on their own. Drawing upon scientists and intellectuals such as Lynn Margulis, Michael Benton, Alfred North (...)
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