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William Epstein [25]William M. Epstein [3]William H. Epstein [2]
  1. The Sensory Core and the Medieval Foundations of Early Modern Perceptual Theory.Gary Hatfield & William Epstein - 1979 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 70 (3):363-384.
    This article seeks the origin, in the theories of Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen), Descartes, and Berkeley, of two-stage theories of spatial perception, which hold that visual perception involves both an immediate representation of the proximal stimulus in a two-dimensional ‘‘sensory core’’ and also a subsequent perception of the three dimensional world. The works of Ibn al-Haytham, Descartes, and Berkeley already frame the major theoretical options that guided visual theory into the twentieth century. The field of visual perception was the first area (...)
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  2. Gestalt Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind.William Epstein & Gary Hatfield - 1994 - Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):163-181.
    The Gestalt psychologists adopted a set of positions on mind-body issues that seem like an odd mix. They sought to combine a version of naturalism and physiological reductionism with an insistence on the reality of the phenomenal and the attribution of meanings to objects as natural characteristics. After reviewing basic positions in contemporary philosophy of mind, we examine the Gestalt position, characterizing it m terms of phenomenal realism and programmatic reductionism. We then distinguish Gestalt philosophy of mind from instrumentalism and (...)
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  3.  2
    The Locus of Masking Shape-at-a-Slant.William Epstein & Gary Hatfield - 1978 - Perception and Psychophysics 24 (6):501-504.
    Twelve subjects provided shape and orientation judgments for a set of projectively equivalent, variously rotated rectangles under three viewing conditions—monoptic, dichoptic, and binocular—with and without the presence of a pattern mask. In the absence of the mask, partial constancy was exhibited under the first two conditions and near perfect constancy under the binocular condition. Orientation was discriminated. Presence of the mask produced projective shape matching and diminished orientation discrimination. It is argued that the site of masking was postchiasmal, and the (...)
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  4. Evolutionary Theory Meets Cognitive Psychology: A More Selective Perspective.Lawrence A. Shapiro & William M. Epstein - 1998 - Mind and Language 13 (2):171-94.
    Quite unexpectedly, cognitive psychologists find their field intimately connected to a whole new intellectual landscape that had previously seemed remote, unfamiliar, and all but irrelevant. Yet the proliferating connections tying together the cognitive and evolutionary communities promise to transform both fields, with each supplying necessary principles, methods, and a species of rigor that the other lacks. (Cosmides and Tooby, 1994, p. 85).
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  5.  7
    Searching for to-Be-Forgotten Material in a Directed Forgetting Task.William Epstein & Lucinda Wilder - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):349.
  6.  84
    Internalization: A Metaphor We Can Live Without.Michael Kubovy & William Epstein - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):618-625.
    Shepard has supposed that the mind is stocked with innate knowledge of the world and that this knowledge figures prominently in the way we see the world. According to him, this internal knowledge is the legacy of a process of internalization; a process of natural selection over the evolutionary history of the species. Shepard has developed his proposal most fully in his analysis of the relation between kinematic geometry and the shape of the motion path in apparent motion displays. We (...)
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  7.  23
    The Status of the Minimum Principle in the Theoretical Analysis of Visual Perception.Gary Hatfield & William Epstein - 1985 - Psychological Bulletin 97 (2):155–186.
    We examine a number of investigations of perceptual economy or, more specifically, of minimum tendencies and minimum principles in the visual perception of form, depth, and motion. A minimum tendency is a psychophysical finding that perception tends toward simplicity, as measured in accordance with a specified metric. A minimum principle is a theoretical construct imputed to the visual system to explain minimum tendencies. After examining a number of studies of perceptual economy, we embark on a systematic analysis of this notion. (...)
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  8.  6
    Epilogue: Advances and Open Questions.Gary Hatfield & William Epstein - 2012 - In Gary Hatfield & Sarah Allred (eds.), Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy. Oxford University Press. pp. 232-241.
    The term “perceptual constancy” was used by the Gestalt theorists in the early part of the twentieth century (e.g., Koffka 1935, 34, 90) to refer to the tendency of perception to remain invariant over changes of viewing distance, viewing angle, and conditions of illumination. This tendency toward constancy is remarkable: every change in the viewing distance, position, and illumination is necessarily accompanied by a change in the local proximal (retinal) stimulation, and yet perception remains relatively stable. The tendency toward perceptual (...)
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  9.  25
    Perceived Shape at a Slant as a Function of Processing Time and Processing Load.William Epstein, Gary Hatfield & Gerard Muise - 1977 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 3:473–483.
    Shape and slant judgments of rotated or frontoparallel ellipses were elicited from three groups of 10 subjects. A masking stimulus was introduced to control processing time. Backward masking trials were presented with interstimulus intervals of 0, 25, and 50 msec, Reduction of processing time altered shape judgments in the direction of projective shape and slant judgments in the direction of frontoparallelness. This finding is consistent with the shape-slant invariance hypothesis. In order to study the effects of processing load, one group (...)
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  10.  2
    Functional Equivalence of Masking and Cue Reduction in Perception of Shape at a Slant.William Epstein & Gary Hatfield - 1978 - Perception and Psychophysics 23 (2):137-144.
    In a backward masking paradigm Epstein, Hatfield, and Muise (1977) found that presentation of a frontoparallel pattern mask caused the perceived shape of elliptical figures which were rotated in depth to conform to a projective shape function. The current study extended the masking function by examining the effect of a mask which was partially or wholly cotemporal with the target. The study also assessed the functional equivalence of the masking treatment and the conventional treatment for minimizing depth information. Reports of (...)
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  11.  1
    Enhancing Calibration of Comprehension.Arthur M. Glenberg, Thomas Sanocki, William Epstein & Craig Morris - 1987 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 116 (2):119-136.
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  12.  13
    The Importance of Being Civil: The Struggle for Political Decency.William M. Epstein - 2016 - The European Legacy 21 (2):217-219.
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  13.  3
    The Induction of Nonveridical Slant and the Perception of Shape.William Epstein, Helen Bontrager & John Park - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (5):472.
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  14.  3
    Perceived Depth as a Function of Relative Height Under Three Background Conditions.William Epstein - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (3):335.
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  15.  6
    Direct Perception or Mediated Perception: A Comparison of Rival Viewpoints.William Epstein - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):384.
  16.  2
    Attitudes of Judgment and the Size-Distance Invariance Hypothesis.William Epstein - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (1):78.
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  17.  15
    The Lighter Side of Deception Research in the Social Sciences: Social Work as Comedy.William Epstein - 2006 - Journal of Information Ethics 15 (1):11-26.
  18.  5
    The Effect of Level of Depth Processing and Degree of Informational Discrepancy on Adaptation to Uniocular Image Magnification.William Epstein & Cynthia A. Morgan-Paap - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):585.
  19.  5
    Forget Instructions: Effect of Selective Rehearsal and Categorical Distinctiveness.Wayne Shebilske, Lucinda Wilder & William Epstein - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):372.
  20.  3
    Facilitation of Retrieval Resulting From Post-Input Exclusion of Part of the Input.William Epstein - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):190.
  21.  3
    Relative Size in Isolation as a Stimulus for Relative Perceived Distance.William Epstein & Stephen S. Baratz - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (6):507.
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  22.  3
    Effectiveness of Serial Position and Preceding-Item Cues in Serial Learning.John R. Heslip & William Epstein - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):64.
  23.  6
    Constraining the Use of Constraints.James L. Dannemiller & William Epstein - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):373-374.
  24.  2
    Selective Search in Directed Forgetting.William Epstein, Dominc W. Massaro & Lucinda Wilder - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (1):18.
  25.  2
    Tryouts: A Memoir.William H. Epstein - 1998 - Critical Inquiry 25 (1):126-135.
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  26.  1
    Poststimulus Output Specification and Differential Retrieval From Short-Term Memory.William Epstein - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):168.
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  27.  1
    Retention of Adaptation to Uniocular Image Magnification: Effect of Interpolated Activity.William Epstein - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):319.
  28. A Test of Two Interpretations of the Apparent Size Effects in a Distorted Room.William Epstein - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (2):124.
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  29. Contesting the Subject Essays in the Postmodern Theory and Practice of Biography and Biographical Criticism.William H. Epstein - 1991
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  30. Welfare in America How Social Science Fails the Poor.William M. Epstein - 1997
     
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