Results for 'William Hagman'

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  1.  96
    Public Views on Policies Involving Nudges.William Hagman, David Andersson, Daniel Västfjäll & Gustav Tinghög - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (3):439-453.
    When should nudging be deemed as permissible and when should it be deemed as intrusive to individuals’ freedom of choice? Should all types of nudges be judged the same? To date the debate concerning these issues has largely proceeded without much input from the general public. The main objective of this study is to elicit public views on the use of nudges in policy. In particular we investigate attitudes toward two broad categories of nudges that we label pro-self and pro-social (...)
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  2.  8
    Motivated Down-Regulation of Emotion and Compassion Collapse Revisited.William Hagman, Gustav Tinghög, Stephan Dickert, Paul Slovic & Daniel Västfjäll - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Compassion collapse is a phenomenon where feelings and helping behavior decrease as the number of needy increases. But what are the underlying mechanisms for compassion collapse? Previous research has attempted to pit two explanations: Limitations of the feeling system vs. motivated down-regulation of emotion, against each other. In this article, we critically reexamine a previous study comparing these two accounts published in 2011 and present new data that contest motivated down-regulation of emotion as the primary explanation for compassion collapse.
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  3.  19
    Review of Lesley Johnson: The Cultural Critics: From Matthew Arnold to Raymond Williams[REVIEW]Richard H. Hagman - 1981 - Ethics 91 (2):321-324.
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  4.  50
    Structure and the Metaphysics of Mind: How Hylomorphism Solves the Mind-Body Problem.William Jaworski - 2016 - Oxford: Oxford University Press UK.
    William Jaworski shows how hylomorphism can be used to solve mind-body problems--the question of how thought, feeling, perception, and other mental phenomena fit into the physical world. Hylomorphism claims that structure is a basic ontological and explanatory principle, and is responsible for individuals being the kinds of things they are, and having the powers or capacities they have. From a hylomorphic perspective, mind-body problems are byproducts of a worldview that rejects structure, and which lacks a basic principle which distinguishes (...)
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  5.  41
    From Kant to Hilbert: a source book in the foundations of mathematics.William Ewald (ed.) - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This massive two-volume reference presents a comprehensive selection of the most important works on the foundations of mathematics. While the volumes include important forerunners like Berkeley, MacLaurin, and D'Alembert, as well as such followers as Hilbert and Bourbaki, their emphasis is on the mathematical and philosophical developments of the nineteenth century. Besides reproducing reliable English translations of classics works by Bolzano, Riemann, Hamilton, Dedekind, and Poincare, William Ewald also includes selections from Gauss, Cantor, Kronecker, and Zermelo, all translated here (...)
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  6.  38
    The Varieties of Religious Experience.William James - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12 (1):62-67.
  7.  42
    The inconsistency argument: why apparent pro-life inconsistency undermines opposition to induced abortion.William Simkulet - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (7):461-465.
    Most opposition to induced abortion turns on the belief that human fetuses are persons from conception. On this view, the moral status of the fetus alone requires those in a position to provide aid—gestational mothers—to make tremendous sacrifices to benefit the fetus. Recently, critics have argued that this pro-life position requires more than opposition to induced abortion. Pro-life theorists are relatively silent on the issues of spontaneous abortion, surplus in vitro fertilisation human embryos, and the suffering and death of born (...)
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  8.  16
    Gem of Courage ; Or, Barbara and Bena.William Paley & Robert Faulder - 1872 - New York: Facsimiles-Garl.
    A major philosophical mind in his day, William Paley wrote in a lucid style that made complex ideas more accessible to a wide readership. This work, first published in 1785, was based on the lectures he gave on moral philosophy at Christ's College, Cambridge. Cited in parliamentary debates and remaining on the syllabus at Cambridge into the twentieth century, it stands as one of the most influential texts to emerge from the Enlightenment period in Britain. An orthodox theologian, grounding (...)
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  9. The Cerebral Symphony: Seashore Reflections on the Structure of Consciousness.William H. Calvin - 1989 - New York: Bantam.
    Neurobiologist William Calvin explores the human brain, positing that the neurons in the brain operate in an accelerated version of biological evolution, evolving ideas through random variations and selections, and supports his hypothesis with numerous ca.
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  10.  15
    Can God Be Free?William L. Rowe - 2003 - Clarendon Press.
    Can God Be Free? is a penetrating study of a central problem in philosophy of religion: can it be right to regard God as free, and as praiseworthy for being perfectly good? Allowing that he has perfect knowledge and perfect goodness, if there is a best world for God to create he would have no choice other than to create it. But if God could not do otherwise than create the best world, he created the world of necessity, not freely, (...)
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  11. Emotion.William Lyons - 1983 - Mind 92 (366):310-311.
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  12.  21
    Marx’s Inferno: The Political Theory of Capital.William Clare Roberts - 2016 - Princeton University Press.
    Marx’s Inferno reconstructs the major arguments of Karl Marx’s Capital and inaugurates a completely new reading of a seminal classic. Rather than simply a critique of classical political economy, William Roberts argues that Capital was primarily a careful engagement with the motives and aims of the workers’ movement. Understood in this light, Capital emerges as a profound work of political theory. Placing Marx against the background of nineteenth-century socialism, Roberts shows how Capital was ingeniously modeled on Dante’s Inferno, and (...)
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  13. The Development of Logic.William Kneale & Martha Kneale - 1962 - Philosophy 40 (151):79-83.
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  14.  24
    Understanding curriculum as phenomenological and deconstructed text.William F. Pinar & William M. Reynolds (eds.) - 2016 - Kingston, NY: Educators International Press.
  15. Great men and their environment.William James - 1880 - Atlantic Monthly 46 (Oct.):441-449.
    A lecture before the Harvard Natural History Society; published in the Atlantic Monthly; and later republished in James (1897)The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy.
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  16.  52
    Levels in Biological Organisms: Hierarchy of Production Mechanisms, Heterarchy of Control Mechanisms.William Bechtel - 2022 - The Monist 105 (2):156-174.
    Among the notions of levels invoked in accounts of biological phenomena, I focus on two: levels of production mechanisms and levels of control mechanisms. I argue that these two notions of level exhibit different characteristics: production mechanisms are organized hierarchically while control mechanisms are often organized heterarchically. I illustrate the differences in these modes of organization by examining production and control mechanisms involved in cell division in Escherichia coli and in circulation of blood in mammals. I conclude by exploring how (...)
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  17.  66
    The Case for Phenomenal Externalism.William G. Lycan - 2001 - Noûs 35 (s15):17-35.
  18. Liberal Pluralism: The Implications of Value Pluralism for Political Theory and Practice.William A. Galston - 2003 - Political Theory 31 (6):891-896.
    William Galston is a distinguished political philosopher whose work is informed by the experience of having also served from 1993–5 as President Clinton's Deputy Assistant for Domestic Policy. He is thus able to speak with an authority unique amongst political theorists about the implications of advancing certain moral and political values in practice. The foundational argument of this 2002 book is that liberalism is compatible with the value pluralism first espoused by Isaiah Berlin. William Galston defends a version (...)
     
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  19.  12
    Insight and Solidarity: The Discourse Ethics of Jürgen Habermas.William Rehg - 1994 - University of California Press.
    Discourse ethics represents an exciting new development in neo-Kantian moral theory. William Rehg offers an insightful introduction to its complex theorization by its major proponent, Jürgen Habermas, and demonstrates how discourse ethics allows one to overcome the principal criticisms that have been leveled against neo-Kantianism. Addressing both "commun-itarian" critics who argue that universalist conceptions of justice sever moral deliberation from community traditions, and feminist advocates of the "ethics of care" who stress the moral significance of caring for other individuals, (...)
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  20. Practical Ethics Given Moral Uncertainty.William MacAskill - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (3):231-245.
    A number of philosophers have claimed that we should take not just empirical uncertainty but also fundamental moral uncertainty into account in our decision-making, and that, despite widespread moral disagreement, doing so would allow us to draw robust lessons for some issues in practical ethics. In this article, I argue that, so far, the implications for practical ethics have been drawn too simplistically. First, the implications of moral uncertainty for normative ethics are far more wide-ranging than has been noted so (...)
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  21. The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature.William James - 1903 - The Monist 13:147.
     
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  22.  88
    The moral equivalent of war.William James - 1906 - Association for International Concilliation 27.
    The war against war is going to be no holiday excursion or camping party. The military feelings are too deeply grounded to abdicate their place among our ideals until better substitutes are offered than the glory and shame that come to nations as well as to individuals from the ups and downs of politics and the vicissitudes of trade. There is something highly paradoxical in the modern man's relation to war. Ask all our millions, north and south, whether they would (...)
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  23. The Varieties of religious experience, a study in human nature.William James - 1902 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 10 (4):9-10.
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  24.  7
    First‐Person Authority.William Child - 2013 - In Ernie Lepore & Kurt Ludwig (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Donald Davidson. Blackwell. pp. 533–549.
    Donald Davidson offers an explanation of first‐person authority that “traces the source of the authority to a necessary feature of the interpretation of speech.” His account is explained, and an interpretation is offered of its two key ingredients: the idea that by using the device of disquotation, a speaker can state the meanings of her words in a specially error‐free way, and the idea that a speaker cannot generally misuse her own words, because it is that use that gives her (...)
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  25. Explanation and epistemology.William G. Lycan - 2002 - In Paul K. Moser (ed.), The Oxford handbook of epistemology. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 413.
    Second, there is a form of ampliative inference that has come to be called ‘inference to the best explanation,’ or more briefly ‘explanatory inference.’ Roughly: From the fact that a certain hypothesis would explain the data at hand better than any other available hypothesis, we infer with some degree of confidence that that leading hypothesis is correct. There is no question but that this inference is often performed. Arguably, every human being performs it many times in a day, perhaps without (...)
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  26.  65
    Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom.William Lane Craig - 1990 - London: Brill.
    The ancient problem of fatalism, more particularly theological fatalism, has resurfaced with surprising vigour in the second half of the twentieth century. Two questions predominate in the debate: (1) Is divine foreknowledge compatible with human freedom and (2) How can God foreknow future free acts? Having surveyed the historical background of this debate in "The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge" and "Future Contingents from Aristotle to Suarez" (Brill: 1988), William Lane Craig now attempts to address these issues critically. His wide-ranging (...)
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  27.  12
    The Role of Metarepresentation in the Production and Resolution of Referring Expressions.William S. Horton & Susan E. Brennan - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7:168898.
    In this paper we consider the potential role of metarepresentation—the representation of another representation, or as commonly considered within cognitive science, the mental representation of another individual's knowledge and beliefs—in mediating definite reference and common ground in conversation. Using dialogues from a referential communication study in which speakers conversed in succession with two different addressees, we highlight ways in which interlocutors work together to successfully refer to objects, and achieve shared conceptualizations. We briefly review accounts of how such shared conceptualizations (...)
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  28. Is Life Worth Living?William James - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (1):1-24.
    Reprinted in James The Will to Believe and Other Essays.
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  29. Epistemic value.William G. Lycan - 1985 - Synthese 64 (2):137 - 164.
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  30.  18
    Authentic Compassion in the Wake of Coronavirus: A Nietzschean Climate Ethics.William A. B. Parkhurst & Casey Rentmeester - 2022 - In Douglas A. Vakoch & Sam Mickey (eds.), Eco-Anxiety and Planetary Hope: Experiencing the Twin Disasters of COVID-19 and Climate Change. Springer. pp. 43-54.
    A book chapter for the volume Eco-Anxiety and Planetary Hope: Experiencing the Twin Disasters of COVID-19 and Climate Change using Nietzsche's philosophy and primarily based on archival research done by William A. B. Parkhurst.
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  31.  91
    Is God the Son Begotten in His Divine Nature?William Lane Craig - 2019 - TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 3 (1):22-32.
    The doctrine of the Father’s begetting the Son in his divine nature, despite its credal affirmation, enjoys no clear scriptural support and threatens to introduce an objectionable ontological subordinationism into the doctrine of the Trinity. We should therefore think of Christ’s sonship as a function of his incarnation, even if that role is assumed beginninglessly.
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  32.  22
    Essays, comments, and reviews.William James - 1987 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    This generous omnium-gatherum brings together all the writings William James published that have not appeared in previous volumes of this definitive edition of ...
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  33.  30
    Why unethical papers should be retracted.William Bülow, Tove E. Godskesen, Gert Helgesson & Stefan Eriksson - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):e32-e32.
    The purpose of retracting published papers is to maintain the integrity of academic research. Recent work in research ethics has devoted important attention to how to improve the system of paper retraction. In this context, the focus has primarily been on how to handle fraudulent or flawed research papers and how to encourage the retraction of papers based on honest mistakes. Less attention has been paid to whether papers that report unethical research—for example, research performed without appropriate concern for the (...)
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  34. Institutional change and the importance of understanding shared mental models.William Shugart, Thomas F., W. Diana & Michael D. Thomas - 2020 - Kyklos 73 (3):371–391.
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  35.  5
    A Concise Logic.William H. Halverson - 1984 - New York, NY, USA: Random House.
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  36.  23
    Three Anarchical Fallacies: An Essay on Political Authority.William Edmundson - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    How is a legitimate state possible? Obedience, coercion and intrusion are three ideas that seem inseparable from all government and seem to render state authority presumptively illegitimate. This book exposes three fallacies inspired by these ideas and in doing so challenges assumptions shared by liberals, libertarians, cultural conservatives, moderates and Marxists. In three clear and tightly argued essays William Edmundson dispels these fallacies and shows that living in a just state remains a worthy ideal. This is an important book (...)
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  37.  7
    Being as Communion: A Metaphysics of Information.William A. Dembski - 2014 - Burlington VT: Routledge.
    In Being as Communion philosopher and mathematician William Dembski provides a non-technical overview of his work on information. Dembski attempts to make good on the promise of John Wheeler, Paul Davies, and others that information is poised to replace matter as the primary stuff of reality. With profound implications for theology and metaphysics, Being as Communion develops a relational ontology that is at once congenial to science and open to teleology in nature. All those interested in the intersections of (...)
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  38.  8
    Morality What’s in It for Me?: A Historical Introduction to Ethics.William N. Nelson - 1991 - Boulder, Colo.: Routledge.
    How are the demands of morality related to the needs, interests, and projects of people? Are they a burden, or are they good for us? Are they nothing but arbitrary impositions, or should we expect them to be justified? And will the answers to these questions tell us why and whether we should be moral? In this short, accessible text, William Nelson poses these questions in a form appropriate for beginning students and treats them in a way that both (...)
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  39. Heidegger, Through Phenemenology to Thought.William J. Richardson & Martin Heidegger - 1963 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 70 (1):120-122.
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  40.  28
    XII*—Two—No, Three—Concepts of Possible Worlds.William G. Lycan - 1991 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91 (1):215-228.
    William G. Lycan; XII*—Two—No, Three—Concepts of Possible Worlds, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 91, Issue 1, 1 June 1991, Pages 215–228, https.
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  41. Subjective effects of nitrous oxide.William James - unknown
    William James gets very high on nitrous oxide and then writes about it.
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  42.  11
    Border/control.William Walters - 2006 - European Journal of Social Theory 9 (2):187-203.
    How might we historicize the idea of border control? If state borders can be understood as institutional sites of governance, what forms of governance do they enact? This article asks what insights Foucauldian political sociology might offer these questions. Drawing on Deleuze's analytic of ‘control’, the article seeks to bring new meaning to the idea of border control. Under standing control as a particular technology of power, special attention to the changing topography of border control as well as the changing (...)
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  43. Understanding Phenomenal Consciousness.William S. Robinson - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (222):142-144.
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  44.  51
    Bruce Lee and the Trolley Problem: An Analysis from an Asian Martial Arts Tradition.William Sin - 2022 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 16 (1):81-95.
    In this paper, I approach the trolley problem from a different angle, and align the perspective with non-Western models of philosophy as instruction for life. I argue that the trolley problem is an...
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  45. Can God Be Free?William L. Rowe - 2006 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 59 (2):129-131.
     
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  46.  9
    Essays in philosophy.William James - 1978 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt, Fredson Bowers & Ignas K. Skrupskelis.
    Several of the essays, like "The Sentiment of Rationality" and "The Knowing of Things Together," are of particular significance in the development of the views ...
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  47.  14
    A Response to the Special Issue Contributors.William J. Morgan - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (4):468-488.
  48.  28
    Big Data and surveillance: Hype, commercial logics and new intimate spheres.William Webster & Kirstie Ball - 2020 - Big Data and Society 7 (1).
    Big Data Analytics promises to help companies and public sector service providers anticipate consumer and service user behaviours so that they can be targeted in greater depth. The attempts made by these organisations to connect analytically with users raise questions about whether surveillance, and its associated ethical and rights-based concerns, are intensified. The articles in this special themed issue explore this question from both organisational and user perspectives. They highlight the hype which firms use to drive consumer, employee and service (...)
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  49. Engineering for virtue? : toward holistic moral enhancement.William Kabasenche - 2013 - In Ronald L. Sandler & John Basl (eds.), Designer Biology: The Ethics of Intensively Engineering Biological and Ecological Systems. Lanham: Lexington Books.
  50.  47
    The Subject of Semiotics.William Ray & Kaja Silverman - 1986 - Substance 15 (1):95.
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