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William J. FitzPatrick [32]William Joseph FitzPatrick [2]
  1. Debunking Evolutionary Debunking of Ethical Realism.William J. FitzPatrick - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (4):883-904.
    What implications, if any, does evolutionary biology have for metaethics? Many believe that our evolutionary background supports a deflationary metaethics, providing a basis at least for debunking ethical realism. Some arguments for this conclusion appeal to claims about the etiology of the mental capacities we employ in ethical judgment, while others appeal to the etiology of the content of our moral beliefs. In both cases the debunkers’ claim is that the causal roles played by evolutionary factors raise deep epistemic problems (...)
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  2. The Practical Turn in Ethical Theory: Korsgaard’s Constructivism, Realism, and the Nature of Normativity.William J. FitzPatrick - 2005 - Ethics 115 (4):651-691.
  3.  61
    Moral Responsibility and Normative Ignorance: Answering a New Skeptical Challenge.William J. FitzPatrick - 2008 - Ethics 118 (4):589-613.
  4. The Intend/Foresee Distinction and the Problem of “Closeness”.William J. Fitzpatrick - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 128 (3):585-617.
    The distinction between harm that is intended as a means or end, and harm that is merely a foreseen side-effect of one’s action, is widely cited as a significant factor in a variety of ethical contexts. Many use it, for example, to distinguish terrorist acts from certain acts of war that may have similar results as side-effects. Yet Bennett and others have argued that its application is so arbitrary that if it can be used to cast certain harmful actions in (...)
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  5.  84
    Skepticism About Naturalizing Normativity: In Defense of Ethical Nonnaturalism.William J. FitzPatrick - 2014 - Res Philosophica 91 (4):559-588.
    There is perhaps no more widely shared conviction in contemporary metaethics, even among those who hold otherwise divergent views, than that practical normativity must be capable of being naturalized . My aim is to illuminate the central reasons for skepticism about this. While certain naturalizing projects are plausible for very limited purposes, it is unlikely that any can provide everything we might reasonably want from an account of goodness and badness, rightness and wrongness, and unqualified reasons for acting—at least if (...)
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  6. The Doctrine of Double Effect: Intention and Permissibility.William J. FitzPatrick - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (3):183-196.
    The Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE) is an influential non-consequentialist principle positing a role for intention in affecting the moral permissibility of some actions. In particular, the DDE focuses on the intend/foresee distinction, the core claim being that it is sometimes permissible to bring about as a foreseen but unintended side-effect of one’s action some harm it would have been impermissible to aim at as a means or as an end, all else being equal. This article explores the meaning and (...)
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  7.  49
    Representing Ethical Reality: A Guide for Worldly Non-Naturalists.William J. FitzPatrick - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (3-4):548-568.
    Ethical realists hold that our ethical concepts, thoughts, and claims are in the business of representing ethical reality, by representing evaluative or normative properties and facts as aspects of reality, and that such representations are at least sometimes accurate. Non-naturalist realists add the further claim that ethical properties and facts are ultimately non-natural, though they are nonetheless worldly. My aim is threefold: to elucidate the sort of representation involved in ethical evaluation on realist views; to clarify what exactly is represented (...)
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  8. Ethical Non-Naturalism and Normative Properties.William J. FitzPatrick - 2011 - In Michael Brady (ed.), New Waves in Metaethics. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  9. Thomson's Turnabout on the Trolley.William J. FitzPatrick - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):636-643.
    The famous ‘trolley problem’ began as a simple variation on an example given in passing by Philippa Foot , involving a runaway trolley that cannot be stopped but can be steered to a path of lesser harm. By switching from the perspective of the driver to that of a bystander, Judith Jarvis Thomson showed how the case raises difficulties for the normative theory Foot meant to be defending, and Thomson compounded the challenge with further variations that created still more puzzles (...)
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  10. Acts, Intentions, and Moral Permissibility: In Defence of the Doctrine of Double Effect.William J. FitzPatrick - 2003 - Analysis 63 (4):317–321.
  11. Recent Work on Ethical Realism.William J. FitzPatrick - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):746-760.
    Introduction: characterizing ethical realismIt is useful to begin a survey of recent work on ethical realism with a look at current disputes over what makes a theory of ethics count as ‘realist’ in the first place. Nearly all characterizations of ethical realism include some version of the following two core claims: Ethical discourse is assertoric and descriptive: ethical claims purport to state ethical facts by attributing ethical properties to people, actions, institutions, etc., and are thus true or false depending on (...)
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  12. Reasons, Value, and Particular Agents: Normative Relevance Without Motivational Internalism.William J. FitzPatrick - 2004 - Mind 113 (450):285-318.
    While differing widely in other respects, both neo-Humean and neo-Kantian approaches to normativity embrace an internalist thesis linking reasons for acting to potential motivation. This thesis pushes in different directions depending on the underlying view of the powers of practical reason, but either way it sets the stage for an attack on realist attempts to ground reasons directly in facts about value. How can reasons that are not somehow grounded in motivational features of the agent nonetheless count as reasons for (...)
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  13.  51
    Teleology and the Norms of Nature.William J. FitzPatrick - 2000 - Routledge.
    This work is an examination of teleological attributions i.e. ascriptions of proper functions and natural ends) to the features and behavior of living things with a view to understanding their application to human life.
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  14. Ethical Pluralism Without Complementarity.William Joseph FitzPatrick - 2004 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (2):181-188.
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  15. Climate Change and the Rights of Future Generations.William J. FitzPatrick - 2007 - Environmental Ethics 29 (4):369-388.
    Despite widespread agreement that we have moral responsibilities to future generations, many are reluctant to frame the issues in terms of justice and rights. There are indeed philosophical challenges here, particularly concerning nonoverlapping generations. They can, however, be met. For example, talk of justice and rights for future generations in connection with climate change is both appropriate and important, although it requires revising some common theoretical assumptions about the nature of justice and rights. We can, in fact, be bound by (...)
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  16.  40
    Totipotency and the Moral Status of Embryos: New Problems for an Old Argument.William J. FitzPatrick - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (1):108–122.
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  17. 2.“Doing and Allowing” and Doing and Allowing “Doing and Allowing” and Doing and Allowing (Pp. 799-808).William J. FitzPatrick, Gerhard Øverland, Talbot Brewer, David Enoch & Philip Stratton‐Lake - 2005 - Ethics 115 (4).
     
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  18.  59
    Misidentifying the Evolutionary Debunkers’ Error: Reply to Mogensen.William J. FitzPatrick - 2016 - Analysis 76 (4):433-437.
    Andreas Mogensen has recently argued that the current debate over evolutionary debunking in ethics is mired in confusion due to a simple fallacy committed by debunkers and uncritically taken on board by their opponents. I argue that no party to this debate is involved in the type of confusion and fallacy Mogensen has in mind, which he himself notes would be an absurd and outlandish mistake for anyone to make in other domains. Debunkers do plausibly commit an error in their (...)
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  19. Teleology and the Norms of Nature.William J. FitzPatrick - 2011 - Routledge.
    This work is an examination of teleological attributions i.e. ascriptions of proper functions and natural ends) to the features and behavior of living things with a view to understanding their application to human life.
     
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  20.  40
    Book Reviews Kitcher , Philip . The Ethical Project Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011. Pp. 422. $49.95 (Cloth). [REVIEW]William J. FitzPatrick - 2012 - Ethics 123 (1):167-174.
  21.  4
    Book ReviewsKitcher, Philip. The Ethical Project.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011. Pp. 422. $49.95.William J. FitzPatrick - 2012 - Ethics 123 (1):167-174.
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  22.  2
    Defending Against Biochemical Warfare.William J. FitzPatrick & Lee L. Zwanziger - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy, Science and Law 3:1-19.
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  23.  23
    Valuing Nature Non-Instrumentally.William J. Fitzpatrick - 2004 - Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (3):315-332.
  24.  9
    Climate Change and the Rights of Future Generations: Social Justice Beyond Mutual Advantage.William J. Fitzpatrick - 2007 - Environmental Ethics 29 (4):369-388.
    Despite widespread agreement that we have moral responsibilities to future generations, many are reluctant to frame the issues in terms of justice and rights.There are indeed philosophical challenges here, particularly concerning nonoverlapping generations. They can, however, be met. For example, talk of justiceand rights for future generations in connection with climate change is both appropriate and important, although it requires revising some common theoreticalassumptions about the nature of justice and rights. We can, in fact, be bound by the rights of (...)
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  25.  8
    Evolutionary Theory and Morality: Why the Science Doesn't Settle the Philosophical Questions.William J. FitzPatrick - 2014 - Philosophic Exchange 44 (1).
    Four decades ago, E.O. Wilson famously declared that “the time has come for ethics to be removed temporarily from the hands of the philosophers and biologicized." One still finds Wilson’s idea echoed frequently in popular science writing today. While I’m not going to deny that evolutionary biology and other sciences have important things to tell us about morality, I think there is a lot of confusion about what exactly they can tell us, and how much they can tell us. My (...)
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  26.  30
    Thomson, Judith Jarvis . Normativity . Chicago: Open Court, 2008 . Pp. Ix+271. $27.97 (Paper).William J. FitzPatrick - 2010 - Ethics 120 (2):417-422.
  27.  4
    Book ReviewsJoseph Raz,. The Practice of Value. With Commentaries by Christine Korsgaard, Robert Pippin, and Bernard Williams; Edited by R. Jay Wallace.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. Pp. Viii+161. $32.50 ; $17.95. [REVIEW]William J. FitzPatrick - 2006 - Ethics 116 (4):805-809.
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  28.  4
    Judith Jarvis Thomson,. Normativity.Chicago: Open Court, 2008. Pp. Ix+271. $27.97.William J. FitzPatrick - 2010 - Ethics 120 (2):417-422.
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  29.  14
    Recent Work : Recent Work on Ethical Realism.William J. FitzPatrick - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):746 - 760.
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  30.  14
    Satisficing and Maximizing: Moral Theorists on Practical Reason - Edited by Michael Byron.William J. Fitzpatrick - 2007 - Philosophical Books 48 (3):281-283.
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  31.  11
    Review of Giovanni Boniolo, Gabriele de Anna (Eds.), Evolutionary Ethics and Contemporary Biology[REVIEW]William J. FitzPatrick - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (4).
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  32.  8
    Joseph Raz, The Practice of Value:The Practice of Value.William J. FitzPatrick - 2006 - Ethics 116 (4):805-809.
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  33. 10. Kristin Shrader‐Frechette, Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health Kristin Shrader‐Frechette, Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health (Pp. 757-761). [REVIEW]William J. FitzPatrick, Cheryl Misak, Mark Greene, Daniel Statman, Brian Barry & Kimberley Brownlee - 2008 - Ethics 118 (4).
     
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