Results for 'William M. Leary'

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  1.  7
    The Airway to Everywhere: A History of All American Aviation, 1937-1953W. David Lewis William F. Trimble.William M. Leary - 1989 - Isis 80 (3):557-558.
  2.  14
    Under Ice: Waldo Lyon and the Development of the Arctic Submarine. William M. Leary.Gary E. Weir - 2000 - Isis 91 (4):812-814.
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  3.  14
    Richard P. Hallion. Taking Flight: Inventing the Aerial Age From Antiquity Through the First World War. X + 531 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. $35. [REVIEW]William M. Leary - 2004 - Isis 95 (3):477-477.
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  4. Representation Reconsidered.William M. Ramsey - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cognitive representation is the single most important explanatory notion in the sciences of the mind and has served as the cornerstone for the so-called 'cognitive revolution'. This book critically examines the ways in which philosophers and cognitive scientists appeal to representations in their theories, and argues that there is considerable confusion about the nature of representational states. This has led to an excessive over-application of the notion - especially in many of the fresher theories in computational neuroscience. Representation Reconsidered shows (...)
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  5. Some Remarks on Emotion, Cognition, and Connectionist Systems William M. Rayburn Joachim Diederich* Division of Computer Science Department of Psychology University of California, Davis.William M. Rayburn Joachim Diederich - 1990 - In G. Dorffner (ed.), Konnektionismus in Artificial Intelligence Und Kognitionsforschung. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 191.
  6.  29
    What’s the Matter with Super-Humeanism?William M. R. Simpson - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axz028.
    Esfeld has proposed a minimalist ontology of nature called ‘super-Humeanism’ that purports to accommodate quantum phenomena and avoid standard objections to neo-Humean metaphysics. I argue...
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  7. Neo-Aristotelian Perspectives on Contemporary Science.William M. R. Simpson, Robert Charles Koons & Nicholas Teh (eds.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    The last two decades have seen two significant trends emerging within the philosophy of science: the rapid development and focus on the philosophy of the specialised sciences, and a resurgence of Aristotelian metaphysics, much of which is concerned with the possibility of emergence, as well as the ontological status and indispensability of dispositions and powers in science. Despite these recent trends, few Aristotelian metaphysicians have engaged directly with the philosophy of the specialised sciences. Additionally, the relationship between fundamental Aristotelian concepts—such (...)
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  8.  42
    The Globalization of Ethics: Religious and Secular Perspectives.William M. Sullivan & Will Kymlicka (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Sullivan and Kymlicka seek to provide an alternative to post-9/11 pessimism about the ability of serious ethical dialogue to resolve disagreements and conflict across national, religious, and cultural differences. It begins by acknowledging the gravity of the problem: on our tightly interconnected planet, entire populations look for moral guidance to a variety of religious and cultural traditions, and these often stiffen, rather than soften, opposing moral perceptions. How, then, to set minimal standards for the treatment of persons while developing moral (...)
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  9.  32
    Expression Theory and the Preference Reversal Phenomena.William M. Goldstein & Hillel J. Einhorn - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (2):236-254.
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  10.  6
    Consciousness in Advaita Vedanta.William M. Indich - 1980 - Motilal Banarsidass.
    The nature of consciouness or human awareness is one of the problems of perennial concern to philosphers and psychologists alike. Here is a systematic critical and comparative study the nature of human awareness according to the most influential school of classical Indian thought. After introducing the Advaita Philosophical system and indicating the place of consciouness in this system the author presents a detailed discussion of the Advaitin`s unique non-dual understanding of man`s basic intelligence. He continues with and analysis of the (...)
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  11.  40
    Cultural Evolution in Laboratory Microsocieties Including Traditions of Rule Giving and Rule Following.William M. Baum & Peter J. Richerson - unknown
    Experiments may contribute to understanding the basic processes of cultural evolution. We drew features from previous laboratory research with small groups in which traditions arose during several generations. Groups of four participants chose by consensus between solving anagrams printed on red cards and on blue cards. Payoffs for the choices differed. After 12 min, the participant who had been in the experiment the longest was removed and replaced with a naı¨ve person. These replacements, each of which marked the end of (...)
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  12.  19
    The Unavoidable Intentionality of Affect: The History of Emotions and the Neurosciences of the Present Day.William M. Reddy - 2020 - Emotion Review 12 (3):168-178.
    The “problem of emotions,” that is, that many of them are both meaningful and corporeal, has yet to be resolved. Western thinkers, from Augustine to Descartes to Zajonc, have handled this problem by employing various forms of mind–body dualism. Some psychologists and neuroscientists since the 1970s have avoided it by talking about cognitive and emotional “processing,” using a terminology borrowed from computer science that nullifies the meaningful or intentional character of both thought and emotion. Outside the Western-influenced contexts, emotion and (...)
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  13. Studies in the Philosophy of Aristotle's Rhetoric.William M. A. Grimaldi - 1972 - F. Steiner.
  14.  10
    If You Would Not Criminalize Poverty, Do Not Medicalize It.William M. Sage & Jennifer E. Laurin - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):573-581.
    American society tends to medicalize or criminalize social problems. Criminal justice reformers have made arguments for a positive role in the relief of poverty that are similar to those aired in healthcare today. The consequences of criminalizing poverty caution against its continued medicalization.
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  15.  64
    Handbook of Moral Behavior and Development: Research.William M. Kurtines & Jacob L. Gewirtz (eds.) - 1991 - L. Erlbaum.
    The publication of this unique three-volume set represents the culmination of years of work by a large number of scholars, researchers, and professionals in the field of moral development. The literature on moral behavior and development has grown to the point where it is no longer possible to capture the “state of the art” in a single volume. This comprehensive multi-volume Handbook marks an important transition because it provides evidence that the field has emerged as an area of scholarly activity (...)
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  16.  74
    Toulmin's Rhetorical Logic: What's the Warrant for Warrants?William M. Keith & David E. Beard - 2008 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 41 (1):22-50.
  17.  78
    William M. Ramsey * Representation Reconsidered.Mark Sprevak - 2011 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (3):669-675.
  18.  19
    Humanism’s Secret Shadow.William M. Paris - 2018 - philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 8 (1):81-99.
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  19.  25
    Upstream Health Law.William M. Sage & Kelley McIlhattan - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (4):535-549.
    For the first time, entrepreneurs are aggressively developing new technologies and business models designed to improve individual and population health, not just to deliver specialized medical care. Consumers of these goods and services are not yet “patients”; they are simply people. As this sector of the health care industry expands, it is likely to require new forms of legal governance, which we term “upstream health law.”.
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  20. Studies in the Philosophy of Aristotle's "Rhetoric".William M. A. Grimaldi - 1976 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 9 (2):123-127.
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  21.  3
    Following the Money: The ACA’s Fiscal-Political Economy and Lessons for Future Health Care Reform.William M. Sage & Timothy M. Westmoreland - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (3):434-442.
    It is no exaggeration to say that American health policy is frequently subordinated to budgetary policies and procedures. The Affordable Care Act was undeniably ambitious, reaching health care services and underlying health as well as health insurance. Yet fiscal politics determined the ACA’s design and guided its implementation, as well as sometimes assisting and sometimes constraining efforts to repeal or replace it. In particular, the ACA’s vulnerability to litigation has been the price its drafters paid in exchange for fiscal-political acceptability. (...)
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  22.  44
    A Partial Functions Version of Church's Simple Theory of Types.William M. Farmer - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (3):1269-1291.
    Church's simple theory of types is a system of higher-order logic in which functions are assumed to be total. We present in this paper a version of Church's system called PF in which functions may be partial. The semantics of PF, which is based on Henkin's general-models semantics, allows terms to be nondenoting but requires formulas to always denote a standard truth value. We prove that PF is complete with respect to its semantics. The reasoning mechanism in PF for partial (...)
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  23.  12
    Upstream Health Law.William M. Sage & Kelley McIlhattan - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (4):535-549.
    Medicine and health are surprisingly separate. In the introduction to his 1963 master work on medical economics, Kenneth Arrow acknowledged that “the subject is the medical-care industry, not health.” In the 50 years that followed, researchers, policymakers, and public health professionals generated valuable and varied insights into health, impacting both behaviors and environments while addressing social determinants and demographic trends. Yet medical care has followed an even steeper upward trajectory, growing rapidly in scientific precision, public esteem, and technical sophistication.As a (...)
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  24.  15
    Praxis Makes Perfect: Recovering the Ethical Promise of Critical Management Studies. [REVIEW]William M. Foster & Elden Wiebe - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (S2):271 - 283.
    Critical Management Studies (CMS) has become an accepted part of mainstream management research. Yet, as CMS research advances, it is our position that CMS's ethical potential is not being realized. Drawing on one of CMS's theoretical sources, Critical Theory (CT), we suggest that CMS has well embraced the CT element of critique, but it has not adequately achieved the element of praxis, thereby truncating CMS's emancipation project. This paper seeks to address this trend and recover the ethical promise of CMS (...)
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  25.  13
    Maximization Theory: Some Empirical Problems.William M. Baum & John A. Nevin - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):389-390.
  26.  1
    Aristotelis Topica Et Sophistici Elenchi.William M. A. Grimaldi & W. D. Ross - 1960 - American Journal of Philology 81 (3):315.
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  27.  22
    Historical Research on the Self and Emotions.William M. Reddy - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (4):302-315.
    Research on this topic in Europe and North America has reached a new stage. Prior to 1970, historians told a story of progress in which modern individuals gradually gained mastery of emotions. After 1970 this older approach was put into doubt. Since 1990 research into the history of emotions has increasingly relied on a new methodology, based on the assumption that emotion is a domain of effort, and that it is possible to document variance between emotional standards, on the one (...)
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  28.  26
    The Seven Virtues of Simple Type Theory.William M. Farmer - 2008 - Journal of Applied Logic 6 (3):267-286.
  29.  13
    The Austrian Mind: An Intellectual and Social History.William M. Johnston - 1972 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (4):589-590.
  30.  14
    On the Effect of Chess Training on Scholastic Achievement.William M. Bart - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  31.  10
    What Is Left of Professionalism After Managed Care?William M. Sullivan - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):7-13.
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  32.  27
    A Scale for Measuring Attitude Toward Cheating.William M. Gardner & Kenneth B. Melvin - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (5):429-432.
  33.  16
    A Unification-Theoretic Method for Investigating the K-Provability Problem.William M. Farmer - 1991 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 51 (3):173-214.
    The k-provability for an axiomatic system A is to determine, given an integer k 1 and a formula in the language of A, whether or not there is a proof of in A containing at most k lines. In this paper we develop a unification-theoretic method for investigating the k-provability problem for Parikh systems, which are first-order axiomatic systems that contain a finite number of axiom schemata and a finite number of rules of inference. We show that the k-provability problem (...)
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  34.  11
    Will Embryonic Stem Cells Change Health Policy?William M. Sage - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):342-351.
    Essays on stem cell policy seem to fall into three categories. Some essays in this collection are about logic and principles. Others are about practices and beliefs. The former group draws lines and defends them, a normative project. The latter group attempts to explain the lines that already exist, a descriptive project that may have important normative goals. Still other essays, by scientists, are about growing stem cell lines instead of drawing them.The purpose of this essay is to situate the (...)
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  35.  85
    Global Climate Modeling as Applied Science.William M. Goodwin - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (2):339-350.
    In this paper I argue that the appropriate analogy for “understanding what makes simulation results reliable” in global climate modeling is not with scientific experimentation or measurement, but—at least in the case of the use of global climate models for policy development—with the applications of science in applied design problems. The prospects for using this analogy to argue for the quantitative reliability of GCMs are assessed and compared with other potential strategies.
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  36.  39
    Relativism and Error: Putnam's Lessons for the Relativist.William M. Throop - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (4):675-686.
  37.  54
    Just Say “No!” to Lethal Autonomous Robotic Weapons.William M. Fleischman - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (3/4):299-313.
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider the question of equipping fully autonomous robotic weapons with the capacity to kill. Current ideas concerning the feasibility and advisability of developing and deploying such weapons, including the proposal that they be equipped with a so-called “ethical governor”, are reviewed and critiqued. The perspective adopted for this study includes software engineering practice as well as ethical and legal aspects of the use of lethal autonomous robotic weapons. Design/methodology/approach – In the (...)
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  38.  33
    Liberals and Pluralists: Charles Taylor Vs John Gray.William M. Curtis - 2007 - Contemporary Political Theory 6 (1):86-107.
    Charles Taylor and John Gray offer competing liberal responses to the contemporary challenge of pluralism. Gray's morally minimal 'modus vivendi liberalism' aims at peaceful coexistence between plural ways of life. It is, in Judith Shklar's phrase, a 'liberalism of fear' that is skeptical of attempts to harmonize clashing values. In contrast, Taylor's 'hermeneutic liberalism' is based on dialogical engagement with difference and holds out the possibility that incompatible values and traditions can be reconciled without oppression or distortion. Although Taylor's theory (...)
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  39. LANCE, M. And O'LEARY-HAWTHORNE, J.-The Grammar of Meaning.D. Pitt, M. Lance & J. O'Leary-Hawthorne - 2000 - Philosophical Books 41 (2):89-96.
     
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  40.  66
    Self-Consciousness and Agency.William M. Richards - 1984 - Synthese 61 (November):149-71.
  41.  38
    William M. Aird, Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy, C. 1050–1134. Woodbridge, Eng., and Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell and Brewer, 2008. Pp. Xx, 328; 1 Genealogical Table and Maps. $115.Constance B. Bouchard - 2009 - Speculum 84 (4):1009-1010.
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  42.  28
    Effects of Denatonium Saccharide on the Drinking Behavior of the Grasshopper Mouse.William M. Langley, John Theis, Stephen F. Davis, M. Melissa Richard & Cathy A. Grover - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (1):17-19.
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  43.  6
    The Origins of the Spiral Theory of Phyllotaxis.William M. Montgomery - 1970 - Journal of the History of Biology 3 (2):299-323.
  44.  15
    Neuroscience and the Fallacies of Functionalism.William M. Reddy - 2010 - History and Theory 49 (3):412-425.
    Smail's "On Deep History and the Brain" is rightly critical of the functionalist fallacies that have plagued evolutionary theory, sociobiology, and evolutionary psychology. However, his attempt to improve on these efforts relies on functional explanations that themselves oversimplify the lessons of neuroscience. In addition, like explanations in evolutionary psychology, they are highly speculative and cannot be confirmed or disproved by evidence. Neuroscience research is too diverse to yield a single picture of brain functioning. Some recent developments in neuroscience research, however, (...)
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  45.  8
    Global Climate Modeling as Applied Science.William M. Goodwin - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (2):339-350.
    In this paper I argue that the appropriate analogy for “understanding what makes simulation results reliable” in Global Climate Modeling is not with scientific experimentation or measurement, but—at least in the case of the use of global climate models for policy development—with the applications of science in engineering design problems. The prospects for using this analogy to argue for the quantitative reliability of GCMs are assessed and compared with other potential strategies.
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  46.  20
    Rorty as Virtue Liberal.William M. Curtis - 2016 - Contemporary Pragmatism 13 (4):400-419.
    Virtue liberalism holds that the success of liberal politics and society depends on the citizenry possessing a set of liberal virtues, including traits like open-mindedness, toleration, and individual autonomy. Virtue liberalism is thus an ethically demanding conception of liberalism that is at odds with conceptions, like Rawlsian political liberalism and modus vivendi liberalism, that attempt to minimize liberalism’s ethical impact in order to accommodate a greater range of ethical pluralism. Although he claims to be a Rawlsian political liberal, Richard Rorty’s (...)
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  47.  56
    Bigotry and Religious Belief.William M. Ramsey - 2013 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 94 (2):125-151.
    Attacks on religious doctrines are often characterized as a form of bigotry and traditional analyses of the concept support this view. I argue that regarding such attacks as bigotry is inconsistent with a variety of contemporary moral attitudes and social goals. I offer an improved account of when we should ascribe bigotry – one that is more coherent with views on tolerance and the importance of open debate. This account focuses upon the justification for hostile attitudes and also limits the (...)
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  48.  17
    Physical Emergence and Process Ontology.William M. Kallfelz - 2012 - Process Studies 41 (1):194-195.
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  49.  10
    Solidarity: Unfashionable, but Still American.William M. Sage - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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  50.  3
    A Unification Algorithm for Second-Order Monadic Terms.William M. Farmer - 1988 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 39 (2):131-174.
    This paper presents an algorithm that, given a finite set E of pairs of second-order monadic terms, returns a finite set U of ‘substitution schemata’ such that a substitution unifies E iff it is an instance of some member of U . Moreover, E is unifiable precisely if U is not empty. The algorithm terminates on all inputs, unlike the unification algorithms for second-order monadic terms developed by G. Huet and G. Winterstein. The substitution schemata in U use expressions which (...)
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