Results for 'William M. Roberts'

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  1.  21
    Evaluating Weaknesses of “Perceptual-Cognitive Training” and “Brain Training” Methods in Sport: An Ecological Dynamics Critique.Ian Renshaw, Keith Davids, Duarte Araújo, Ana Lucas, William M. Roberts, Daniel J. Newcombe & Benjamin Franks - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  2.  8
    TCD Neurosonology: A Window to View Thinking.Dianne M. O’Dell, A. E. Roberts & William M. Mckinney - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (3):237-240.
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  3. Combining Gamma With Alpha and Beta Power Modulation for Enhanced Cortical Mapping in Patients With Focal Epilepsy.Mario E. Archila-Meléndez, Giancarlo Valente, Erik D. Gommer, João M. Correia, Sanne ten Oever, Judith C. Peters, Joel Reithler, Marc P. H. Hendriks, William Cornejo Ochoa, Olaf E. M. G. Schijns, Jim T. A. Dings, Danny M. W. Hilkman, Rob P. W. Rouhl, Bernadette M. Jansma, Vivianne H. J. M. van Kranen-Mastenbroek & Mark J. Roberts - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    About one third of patients with epilepsy have seizures refractory to the medical treatment. Electrical stimulation mapping is the gold standard for the identification of “eloquent” areas prior to resection of epileptogenic tissue. However, it is time-consuming and may cause undesired side effects. Broadband gamma activity recorded with extraoperative electrocorticography during cognitive tasks may be an alternative to ESM but until now has not proven of definitive clinical value. Considering their role in cognition, the alpha and beta bands could further (...)
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  4.  12
    Unity and Diversity: Essays in the History, Literature and Religion of the Ancient Near East.William W. Hallo, Hans Goedicke & J. J. M. Roberts - 1977 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (4):594.
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  5.  21
    Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) and Political Theory.Kevin Bruyneel, Jodi Dean, Jack Jackson, Dana M. Olwan, Corey Robin, William Clare Roberts, C. Heike Schotten & Jakeet Singh - 2019 - Contemporary Political Theory 18 (3):448-476.
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  6.  1
    Cosmic hylomorphism.William M. R. Simpson - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (1):1-25.
    The primitive ontology approach to quantum mechanics seeks to account for quantum phenomena in terms of a distribution of matter in three-dimensional space and a law of nature that describes its temporal development. This approach to explaining quantum phenomena is compatible with either a Humean or powerist account of laws. In this paper, I offer a powerist ontology in which the law is specified by Bohmian mechanics for a global configuration of particles. Unlike in other powerist ontologies, however, this law (...)
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  7. Representation Reconsidered.William M. Ramsey - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cognitive representation is the single most important explanatory notion in the sciences of the mind and has served as the cornerstone for the so-called 'cognitive revolution'. This book critically examines the ways in which philosophers and cognitive scientists appeal to representations in their theories, and argues that there is considerable confusion about the nature of representational states. This has led to an excessive over-application of the notion - especially in many of the fresher theories in computational neuroscience. Representation Reconsidered shows (...)
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  8.  24
    What’s the Matter with Super-Humeanism?William M. R. Simpson - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axz028.
    Esfeld has proposed a minimalist ontology of nature called ‘super-Humeanism’ that purports to accommodate quantum phenomena and avoid standard objections to neo-Humean metaphysics. I argue...
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  9.  17
    The Unavoidable Intentionality of Affect: The History of Emotions and the Neurosciences of the Present Day.William M. Reddy - 2020 - Emotion Review 12 (3):168-178.
    The “problem of emotions,” that is, that many of them are both meaningful and corporeal, has yet to be resolved. Western thinkers, from Augustine to Descartes to Zajonc, have handled this problem by employing various forms of mind–body dualism. Some psychologists and neuroscientists since the 1970s have avoided it by talking about cognitive and emotional “processing,” using a terminology borrowed from computer science that nullifies the meaningful or intentional character of both thought and emotion. Outside the Western-influenced contexts, emotion and (...)
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  10.  41
    The Globalization of Ethics: Religious and Secular Perspectives.William M. Sullivan & Will Kymlicka (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Sullivan and Kymlicka seek to provide an alternative to post-9/11 pessimism about the ability of serious ethical dialogue to resolve disagreements and conflict across national, religious, and cultural differences. It begins by acknowledging the gravity of the problem: on our tightly interconnected planet, entire populations look for moral guidance to a variety of religious and cultural traditions, and these often stiffen, rather than soften, opposing moral perceptions. How, then, to set minimal standards for the treatment of persons while developing moral (...)
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  11.  10
    If You Would Not Criminalize Poverty, Do Not Medicalize It.William M. Sage & Jennifer E. Laurin - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):573-581.
    American society tends to medicalize or criminalize social problems. Criminal justice reformers have made arguments for a positive role in the relief of poverty that are similar to those aired in healthcare today. The consequences of criminalizing poverty caution against its continued medicalization.
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  12.  3
    Following the Money: The ACA’s Fiscal-Political Economy and Lessons for Future Health Care Reform.William M. Sage & Timothy M. Westmoreland - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (3):434-442.
    It is no exaggeration to say that American health policy is frequently subordinated to budgetary policies and procedures. The Affordable Care Act was undeniably ambitious, reaching health care services and underlying health as well as health insurance. Yet fiscal politics determined the ACA’s design and guided its implementation, as well as sometimes assisting and sometimes constraining efforts to repeal or replace it. In particular, the ACA’s vulnerability to litigation has been the price its drafters paid in exchange for fiscal-political acceptability. (...)
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  13.  5
    Consciousness in Advaita Vedānta.William M. Indich - 1980 - Motilal Banarsidass.
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  14.  25
    Upstream Health Law.William M. Sage & Kelley McIlhattan - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (4):535-549.
    For the first time, entrepreneurs are aggressively developing new technologies and business models designed to improve individual and population health, not just to deliver specialized medical care. Consumers of these goods and services are not yet “patients”; they are simply people. As this sector of the health care industry expands, it is likely to require new forms of legal governance, which we term “upstream health law.”.
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  15.  22
    Historical Research on the Self and Emotions.William M. Reddy - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (4):302-315.
    Research on this topic in Europe and North America has reached a new stage. Prior to 1970, historians told a story of progress in which modern individuals gradually gained mastery of emotions. After 1970 this older approach was put into doubt. Since 1990 research into the history of emotions has increasingly relied on a new methodology, based on the assumption that emotion is a domain of effort, and that it is possible to document variance between emotional standards, on the one (...)
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  16.  12
    Upstream Health Law.William M. Sage & Kelley McIlhattan - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (4):535-549.
    Medicine and health are surprisingly separate. In the introduction to his 1963 master work on medical economics, Kenneth Arrow acknowledged that “the subject is the medical-care industry, not health.” In the 50 years that followed, researchers, policymakers, and public health professionals generated valuable and varied insights into health, impacting both behaviors and environments while addressing social determinants and demographic trends. Yet medical care has followed an even steeper upward trajectory, growing rapidly in scientific precision, public esteem, and technical sophistication.As a (...)
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  17.  78
    William M. Ramsey * Representation Reconsidered.Mark Sprevak - 2011 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (3):669-675.
  18.  10
    What Is Left of Professionalism After Managed Care?William M. Sullivan - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):7-13.
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  19.  11
    Will Embryonic Stem Cells Change Health Policy?William M. Sage - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):342-351.
    Essays on stem cell policy seem to fall into three categories. Some essays in this collection are about logic and principles. Others are about practices and beliefs. The former group draws lines and defends them, a normative project. The latter group attempts to explain the lines that already exist, a descriptive project that may have important normative goals. Still other essays, by scientists, are about growing stem cell lines instead of drawing them.The purpose of this essay is to situate the (...)
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  20.  66
    Self-Consciousness and Agency.William M. Richards - 1984 - Synthese 61 (November):149-71.
  21.  54
    Just Say “No!” to Lethal Autonomous Robotic Weapons.William M. Fleischman - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (3/4):299-313.
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider the question of equipping fully autonomous robotic weapons with the capacity to kill. Current ideas concerning the feasibility and advisability of developing and deploying such weapons, including the proposal that they be equipped with a so-called “ethical governor”, are reviewed and critiqued. The perspective adopted for this study includes software engineering practice as well as ethical and legal aspects of the use of lethal autonomous robotic weapons. Design/methodology/approach – In the (...)
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  22.  10
    Comparing the Relative Strengths of EEG and Low-Cost Physiological Devices in Modeling Attention Allocation in Semiautonomous Vehicles.Dean Cisler, Pamela M. Greenwood, Daniel M. Roberts, Ryan McKendrick & Carryl L. Baldwin - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  23.  38
    Relativism and Error: Putnam's Lessons for the Relativist.William M. Throop - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (4):675-686.
  24.  33
    Will Embryonic Stem Cells Change Health Policy?William M. Sage - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):342-351.
    Embryonic stem cells are actively debated in political and public policy arenas. However, the connections between stem cell innovation and overall health care policy are seldom elucidated. As with many controversial aspects of medical care, the stem cell debate bridges to a variety of social conversations beyond abortion. Some issues, such as translational medicine, commercialization, patient and public safety, health care spending, physician practice, and access to insurance and health care services, are core health policy concerns. Other issues, such as (...)
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  25.  15
    Neuroscience and the Fallacies of Functionalism.William M. Reddy - 2010 - History and Theory 49 (3):412-425.
    Smail's "On Deep History and the Brain" is rightly critical of the functionalist fallacies that have plagued evolutionary theory, sociobiology, and evolutionary psychology. However, his attempt to improve on these efforts relies on functional explanations that themselves oversimplify the lessons of neuroscience. In addition, like explanations in evolutionary psychology, they are highly speculative and cannot be confirmed or disproved by evidence. Neuroscience research is too diverse to yield a single picture of brain functioning. Some recent developments in neuroscience research, however, (...)
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  26.  56
    Bigotry and Religious Belief.William M. Ramsey - 2013 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 94 (2):125-151.
    Attacks on religious doctrines are often characterized as a form of bigotry and traditional analyses of the concept support this view. I argue that regarding such attacks as bigotry is inconsistent with a variety of contemporary moral attitudes and social goals. I offer an improved account of when we should ascribe bigotry – one that is more coherent with views on tolerance and the importance of open debate. This account focuses upon the justification for hostile attitudes and also limits the (...)
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  27. Some Remarks on Emotion, Cognition, and Connectionist Systems William M. Rayburn Joachim Diederich* Division of Computer Science Department of Psychology University of California, Davis.William M. Rayburn Joachim Diederich - 1990 - In G. Dorffner (ed.), Konnektionismus in Artificial Intelligence Und Kognitionsforschung. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 191.
  28.  9
    Solidarity: Unfashionable, but Still American.William M. Sage - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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  29.  22
    Parallelism and Functionalism.William M. Ramsey - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (1):139-144.
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  30.  30
    Job Embeddedness Demonstrates Incremental Validity When Predicting Turnover Intentions for Australian University Employees.Brody Heritage, Jessica M. Gilbert & Lynne D. Roberts - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  31. Communities of Practice: The Organizational Frontier.Etienne C. Wenger & William M. Snyder - 2006 - In Laurence Prusak & Eric Matson (eds.), Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning: A Reader. Oxford University Press.
     
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  32. The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence.Keith Frankish & William M. Ramsey (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Artificial intelligence, or AI, is a cross-disciplinary approach to understanding, modeling, and creating intelligence of various forms. It is a critical branch of cognitive science, and its influence is increasingly being felt in other areas, including the humanities. AI applications are transforming the way we interact with each other and with our environment, and work in artificially modeling intelligence is offering new insights into the human mind and revealing new forms mentality can take. This volume of original essays presents the (...)
     
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  33.  22
    Two Options in Modern Social Theory: Habermas and Whitehead.William M. Sullivan - 1975 - International Philosophical Quarterly 15 (1):83-98.
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  34.  20
    Communication and the Recovery of Meaning: An Interpretation of Habermas.William M. Sullivan - 1978 - International Philosophical Quarterly 18 (1):69-86.
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  35.  11
    The Formative Years of R. G. Collingwood.William M. Johnston - 1968 - The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
  36.  38
    The Logic of Action: Indeterminacy, Emotion, and Historical Narrative.William M. Reddy - 2001 - History and Theory 40 (4):10–33.
    Modern social theory, by and large, has aimed at reducing the complexity of action situations to a set of manageable abstractions. But these abstractions, whether functionalist or linguistic, fail to grasp the indeterminacy of action situations.Action proceeds by discovery and combination. The logic of action is serendipitous and combinative. From these characteristics, a number of consequences flow: The whole field of our intentions is engaged in each action situation, and cannot really be understood apart from the situation itself. In action (...)
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  37.  47
    Corporate Political Strategy: An Examination of the Relation Between Political Expenditures, Environmental Performance, and Environmental Disclosure.Charles H. Cho, Dennis M. Patten & Robin W. Roberts - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 67 (2):139-154.
    Two fundamental business ethics issues that repeatedly surface in the academic literature relate to business's role in the development of public policy [Suarez, S. L.: 2000, Does Business Learn? (The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI); Roberts, R. W. and D. D. Bobek: 2004, Accounting, Organizations and Society 29(5-6), 565-590] and its role in responsibly managing the natural environment [Newton, L.: 2005, Business Ethics and the Natural Environment (Blackwell Publishing, Oxford)]. When studied together, researchers often examine if, and (...)
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  38. Reply From W. M. Reddy.William M. Reddy - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):402-402.
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  39.  80
    Corporate Charitable Contributions: A Corporate Social Performance or Legitimacy Strategy?Jennifer C. Chen, Dennis M. Patten & Robin W. Roberts - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (1):131-144.
    This study examines the relation between firms' corporate philanthropic giving and their performance in three other social domains - employee relations, environmental issues, and product safety. Based on a sample of 384 U.S. companies and using data pooled from 1998 through 2000, we find that worse performers in the other social areas are both more likely to make charitable contributions and that the extent of their giving is larger than for better performers. Analyses of each separate area of social performance, (...)
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  40.  7
    Interpretations of Poetry and Religion.William M. Salter - 1901 - International Journal of Ethics 11 (2):240-244.
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  41.  7
    An Introduction to the Study of Society.Albion W. Small, George E. Vincent.William M. Salter - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (2):251-254.
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  42. Ecological Laws of Perceiving and Acting: In Reply to Fodor and Pylyshyn.Michael T. Turvey, R. E. Shaw, Edward S. Reed & William M. Mace - 1981 - Cognition 9 (3):237-304.
  43. Locke and the Latitudinarian Perspective on Original Sin in Locke.William M. Spellman - 1988 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 42 (165):215-228.
  44. Neo-Aristotelian Perspectives on Contemporary Science.William M. R. Simpson, Robert Charles Koons & Nicholas Teh (eds.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    The last two decades have seen two significant trends emerging within the philosophy of science: the rapid development and focus on the philosophy of the specialised sciences, and a resurgence of Aristotelian metaphysics, much of which is concerned with the possibility of emergence, as well as the ontological status and indispensability of dispositions and powers in science. Despite these recent trends, few Aristotelian metaphysicians have engaged directly with the philosophy of the specialised sciences. Additionally, the relationship between fundamental Aristotelian concepts—such (...)
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  45.  3
    Teaching Critical Reading As a Way of Teaching Critical Thinking.William M. Taylor - 1987 - Informal Logic 9 (2).
  46. Culture Prefigures Cognition in Pan/Homo Bonobos.Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, William M. Fields & Par Segerdahl - 2005 - Theoria 20 (3):311-328.
    This article questions traditional experimental approaches to the study of primate cognition. Beecuse of a widespread assumption that cognition in non-human primates is genetically encoded and “natural,” these approaches neglect how profoundly apes’ cultural rearing experiences affect test results. We deseribe how three advanced cognitive abilities - imitation, theory of mind and language - emerged in bonobos maturing in a bi-species Pan/Homo culture, and how individual rearing differences led to individual forms of these abilities. These descriptions are taken from a (...)
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  47.  32
    Expression Theory and the Preference Reversal Phenomena.William M. Goldstein & Hillel J. Einhorn - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (2):236-254.
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  48.  26
    The Emergence of Knapping and Vocal Expression Embedded in a Pan/Homo Culture.Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, William M. Fields & Tiberu Spircu - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):541-575.
  49. M. ROBERTS: "Responsibility and Practical Freedom". [REVIEW]J. Piguet - 1971 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 21:125.
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  50.  39
    Cultural Evolution in Laboratory Microsocieties Including Traditions of Rule Giving and Rule Following.William M. Baum & Peter J. Richerson - unknown
    Experiments may contribute to understanding the basic processes of cultural evolution. We drew features from previous laboratory research with small groups in which traditions arose during several generations. Groups of four participants chose by consensus between solving anagrams printed on red cards and on blue cards. Payoffs for the choices differed. After 12 min, the participant who had been in the experiment the longest was removed and replaced with a naı¨ve person. These replacements, each of which marked the end of (...)
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