Results for 'William M. Simkulet'

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  1.  13
    What’s Wrong with Restrictivism?William M. Simkulet - 2024 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 33 (2):296-299.
    Emily Carroll and Parker Crutchfield propose a new inconsistency argument against abortion restrictivism. In response, I raised several objections to their argument. Recently Carroll and Crutchfield have replied and seem to be under the impression that I’m a restrictivist. This is puzzling, since my criticism of their view included a very thinly veiled, but purposely more charitable, anti-restrictivist inconsistency argument. In this response, I explain how Carroll and Crutchfield mischaracterize my position and that of the restrictivist.
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  2.  62
    An Ethical Analysis of the Second Amendment: The Right to Pack Heat at Work.William M. Martin, Helen LaVan, Yvette P. Lopez, Charles E. Naquin & Marsha Katz - 2014 - Business and Society Review 119 (1):1-36.
    We examine the issues concerning the legality and ethicality of the Second Amendment right to bear arms balanced by the employer's duty to provide a safe workplace for its employees. Two court rulings highlight this balancing act: McDonald et al. v. City of Chicago et al. and District of Columbia v. Heller. “Stand Your Ground” and “Castle Doctrine” laws in the recent Trayvon Martin shooting on February 26, 2012 are also applicable. Various ethical frameworks examine the firearms debate by viewing (...)
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  3.  14
    Time and incompleteness in a deductive database.M. Howard Williams & Quinzheng Kong - 1991 - In B. Bouchon-Meunier, R. R. Yager & L. A. Zadeh (eds.), Uncertainty in Knowledge Bases. Springer. pp. 443--455.
  4.  22
    The Philosopher And The Psychiatrist.William M. Waiton - 1961 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 35:1-11.
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  5.  19
    Being, Essence and Existence for St. Thomas Aquinas: Being and Its Intelligibility.William M. Walton - 1950 - Review of Metaphysics 3 (3):339 - 365.
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  6.  36
    Being, Essence and Existence For St. Thomas Aquinas.William M. Walton - 1950 - Review of Metaphysics 3 (3):339-366.
    The operation of the human intellect is twofold, however; first, simple perception, 'simple apprehension,' the 'simple gaze of indivisibles' and second, composition and division or judgment. In considering the principles of human knowledge it is therefore necessary to distinguish simple principles from complex principles or axioms. It is evident, however, that being is absolutely first of all complex as well as incomplex principles. "That which first falls under apprehension is being, the understanding of which is included in all things whatsoever (...)
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  7.  37
    Being, Essence and Existence For St. Thomas Aquinas (II).William M. Walton - 1951 - Review of Metaphysics 5 (1):83-108.
    According to St. Thomas Aquinas, "that which is said to exist through any nature is called a suppositum or subject of that nature. For example, that which has the nature of horse is said to be a subject or suppositum of equine nature." Subjects or supposita, moreover, occupy all the room there is in the Thomistic universe, since existence belongs properly only to individual subjects. These may be simple, as in the case of separate intelligences or composite as in the (...)
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  8. Representation Reconsidered.William M. Ramsey - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cognitive representation is the single most important explanatory notion in the sciences of the mind and has served as the cornerstone for the so-called 'cognitive revolution'. This book critically examines the ways in which philosophers and cognitive scientists appeal to representations in their theories, and argues that there is considerable confusion about the nature of representational states. This has led to an excessive over-application of the notion - especially in many of the fresher theories in computational neuroscience. Representation Reconsidered shows (...)
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  9.  45
    Neo-Aristotelian Perspectives on Contemporary Science.William M. R. Simpson, Robert Charles Koons & Nicholas Teh (eds.) - 2017 - New York: Routledge.
    The last two decades have seen two significant trends emerging within the philosophy of science: the rapid development and focus on the philosophy of the specialised sciences, and a resurgence of Aristotelian metaphysics, much of which is concerned with the possibility of emergence, as well as the ontological status and indispensability of dispositions and powers in science. Despite these recent trends, few Aristotelian metaphysicians have engaged directly with the philosophy of the specialised sciences. Additionally, the relationship between fundamental Aristotelian concepts—such (...)
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  10. Presidential Address.William M. Walton - 1961 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 35:1.
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  11. Problem : The Christian Philosophy of Monsignor Edward A. Pace; Its Relevance for the Sixties.William M. Walton - 1962 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 36:127.
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  12.  23
    The Christian Philosophy of Monsignor Edward A. Pace: Its Relevance for the Sixties.William M. Walton - 1962 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 36:127-133.
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  13.  7
    The Christian Philosophy of Monsignor Edward A. Pace: Its Relevance for the Sixties.William M. Walton - 1962 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 36:127-133.
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  14.  9
    Welfare in America: How Social Science Fails the Poor.William M. Epstein - 1997
    William M. Epstein charges that most current social welfare programs are not held to credible standards in their design or their results. Rather than spending less on such research and programs, however, Epstein suggests we should spend much more, and do the job right. The American public and policymakers need to rely on social science research for objective, credible information when trying to solve problems of employment, affordable housing, effective health care, and family integrity. But, Epstein contends, politicians treat (...)
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  15.  62
    What’s the Matter with Super-Humeanism?William M. R. Simpson - 2021 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 72 (3):893-911.
    Esfeld has proposed a minimalist ontology of nature called ‘super-Humeanism’ that purports to accommodate quantum phenomena and avoid standard objections to neo-Humean metaphysics. I argue that Esfeld’s sparse ontology has counterintuitive consequences and generates two self-undermining dilemmas concerning the nature of time and space. Contrary to Esfeld, I deny that super-Humeanism supports an ontology of microscopic particles that follow continuous trajectories through space.
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  16.  7
    The Unknown Socrates: Translations, with Introductions and Notes, of Four Important Documents in the Late Antique Reception of Socrates the Athenian.William M. Calder, Diogenes Laertius, Libanius, Maximus & Apuleius - 2002 - Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers.
    Socrates (469-399 BC) is one of history's most enigmatic figures. Our knowledge of him comes to us second-hand, primarily from the philosopher Plato, who was Socrates' most gifted student, and from the historian and sometime-philosopher Xenophon, who counted himself as a member of Socrates' inner circle of friends. We also hear of Socrates in one comic play produced during his lifetime (Aristophanes' Clouds) and in passing from the philosopher Aristotle, a student of Plato. Socrates is a figure of enduring interest. (...)
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  17.  1
    Whose Hylomorphism? Which Theory of Prime Matter?Matej Moško & William M. R. Simpson - 2024 - Ancient Philosophy Today 6 (1):65-91.
    Medieval interpretations of hylomorphism, in which substances are conceived as metaphysical composites of prime matter and substantial form, are receiving attention in contemporary philosophy. It has even been suggested that a recovery of Aquinas's conception of prime matter as a ‘pure potentiality’, lacking any actuality apart from substantial form, may be expedient in hylomorphic interpretations of quantum mechanics. In this paper, we consider a recent hylomorphic interpretation of non-relativistic quantum mechanics, the theory of Cosmic Hylomorphism, which does not explicitly invoke (...)
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  18.  81
    Cosmic hylomorphism: A powerist ontology of quantum mechanics.William M. R. Simpson - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (1):1-25.
    The primitive ontology approach to quantum mechanics seeks to account for quantum phenomena in terms of a distribution of matter in three-dimensional space and a law of nature that describes its temporal development. This approach to explaining quantum phenomena is compatible with either a Humean or powerist account of laws. In this paper, I offer a powerist ontology in which the law is specified by Bohmian mechanics for a global configuration of particles. Unlike in other powerist ontologies, however, this law (...)
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  19.  14
    Aristotelis Topica et Sophistici Elenchi.William M. A. Grimaldi & W. D. Ross - 1960 - American Journal of Philology 81 (3):315.
  20.  67
    Cultural evolution in laboratory microsocieties including traditions of rule giving and rule following.William M. Baum & Peter J. Richerson - unknown
    Experiments may contribute to understanding the basic processes of cultural evolution. We drew features from previous laboratory research with small groups in which traditions arose during several generations. Groups of four participants chose by consensus between solving anagrams printed on red cards and on blue cards. Payoffs for the choices differed. After 12 min, the participant who had been in the experiment the longest was removed and replaced with a naı¨ve person. These replacements, each of which marked the end of (...)
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  21. Does AI Make It Impossible to Write an 'Original' Sentence (Is it Fair to Mechanically Test Originality).William M. Goodman - 2023 - The Toronto Star 2023 (September 28):A19.
    As a retired professor, I join in the growing concerns among educators, and others, about plagiarism, especially now that AI tools like ChatGPT are so readily available. However, I feel more caution is needed, regarding temptations to rely on supposed automatic detection tools, like Turnitin, to solve the problems. Students can be unfairly accused if such tools are used unreflectingly. The Toronto Star's online version of this published Op Ed is available at the link shown below. The version attached here (...)
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  22.  54
    The Globalization of Ethics: Religious and Secular Perspectives.William M. Sullivan & Will Kymlicka (eds.) - 2007 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Sullivan and Kymlicka seek to provide an alternative to post-9/11 pessimism about the ability of serious ethical dialogue to resolve disagreements and conflict across national, religious, and cultural differences. It begins by acknowledging the gravity of the problem: on our tightly interconnected planet, entire populations look for moral guidance to a variety of religious and cultural traditions, and these often stiffen, rather than soften, opposing moral perceptions. How, then, to set minimal standards for the treatment of persons while developing moral (...)
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  23.  35
    The Unavoidable Intentionality of Affect: The History of Emotions and the Neurosciences of the Present Day.William M. Reddy - 2020 - Emotion Review 12 (3):168-178.
    The “problem of emotions,” that is, that many of them are both meaningful and corporeal, has yet to be resolved. Western thinkers, from Augustine to Descartes to Zajonc, have handled this problem by employing various forms of mind–body dualism. Some psychologists and neuroscientists since the 1970s have avoided it by talking about cognitive and emotional “processing,” using a terminology borrowed from computer science that nullifies the meaningful or intentional character of both thought and emotion. Outside the Western-influenced contexts, emotion and (...)
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  24.  19
    The Airway to Everywhere: A History of All American Aviation, 1937-1953W. David Lewis William F. Trimble.William M. Leary - 1989 - Isis 80 (3):557-558.
  25.  35
    Small Worlds with Cosmic Powers.William M. R. Simpson - 2023 - Journal of Philosophy 120 (8):401-420.
    The wave function of quantum mechanics can be understood in terms of the dispositional role it plays in the dynamics of a distribution of matter in three-dimensional space (or four-dimensional spacetime). There is more than one way, however, of specifying its dispositional role. This paper considers Suárez’s theory of ‘Bohmian dispositionalism’, in which the particles are endowed with their own ‘Bohmian dispositions’, and Simpson’s theory of ‘Cosmic Hylomorphism’, in which the particle configuration comprises a hylomorphic substance which has an intrinsic (...)
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  26.  6
    Studies in the Philosophy of Aristotle's Rhetoric.William M. A. Grimaldi - 1972 - F. Steiner.
  27.  27
    Missing the Forest and Fish: How Much Does the 'Hawkmoth Effect' Threaten the Viability of Climate Projections?William M. Goodwin & Eric Winsberg - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (5):1122-1132.
    Roman Frigg and others have developed a general epistemological argument designed to cast doubt on the capacity of a broad range of mathematical models to generate “decision relevant predictions.” In this article, we lay out the structure of their argument—an argument by analogy—with an eye to identifying points at which certain epistemically significant distinctions might limit the force of the analogy. Finally, some of these epistemically significant distinctions are introduced and defended as relevant to a great many of the predictive (...)
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  28.  22
    Internalization and Its Consequences.William M. Beals - 2013 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 44 (3):433-445.
    ABSTRACT Internalization is an important yet puzzling and undertheorized element in Nietzsche's moral psychology. The aim of this article is to resolve some textual puzzles by way of shedding light on Nietzsche's views on the general nature of internalization, and how it relates to other significant concepts deployed in his thought such as bad conscience, the pathos of distance, the will to power, and the ascetic ideal. I begin by providing a brief interpretation of internalization that is somewhat more perspicuous (...)
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  29. Studies in the Philosophy of Aristotle's "Rhetoric".William M. A. Grimaldi - 1976 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 9 (2):123-127.
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  30. Handbook of moral behavior and development.William M. Kurtines & Jacob L. Gewirtz (eds.) - 1991 - Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum.
    The publication of this unique three-volume set represents the culmination of years of work by a large number of scholars, researchers, and professionals in the field of moral development. The literature on moral behavior and development has grown to the point where it is no longer possible to capture the “state of the art” in a single volume. This comprehensive multi-volume Handbook marks an important transition because it provides evidence that the field has emerged as an area of scholarly activity (...)
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  31.  7
    Reconstructing Public Philosophy.William M. Sullivan - 1982 - University of California Press.
    This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1986.
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  32.  29
    James J. Gibson's Ecological Approach: Perceiving What Exists.William M. Mace - 2005 - Ethics and the Environment 10 (2):195-216.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:James J. Gibson's Ecological Approach:Perceiving What ExistsWilliam M. Mace (bio)Environmental Philosophy and EpistemologyThe purpose of this paper is to help an audience attracted to environmental philosophy get to the core of Gibson's system in a compact form and to appreciate the necessity for an account of the environment in epistemology. I hope to show that Gibson's is a consistent and scientifically progressive account of knowing that gives the environment (...)
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  33.  13
    Confirmational Response Bias Among Social Work Journals.William M. Epstein - 1990 - Science, Technology and Human Values 15 (1):9-38.
    This article reports the results of a study of confirmational response bias among social work journals. A contrived research paper with positive findings and its negative mirror image were submitted to two different groups of social work journals and to two comparison groups of journals outside social work. The quantitative results, suggesting bias, are tentative; but the qualitative findings based upon an analysis of the referee comments are clear and consistent. Few referees from prestigious or nonprestcgrous social work journals prepared (...)
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  34.  75
    What eliminative materialism isn’t.William M. Ramsey - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):11707-11728.
    In this paper my aim is to get clearer on what eliminative materialism actually does and does not entail. I look closely at one cluster of views that is often described as a form of eliminativism in contemporary philosophy and cognitive science and try to show that this characterization is a mistake. More specifically, I look at conceptions of eliminativism recently endorsed by writers such as Edouard Machery, Paul Griffiths, Valerie Hardcastle and others, and argue that although these views do (...)
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  35.  9
    Frontiers of Belief Revision.M. Williams & Hans Rott (eds.) - 2001 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  36.  10
    Rights of Animals, Perceptions of Science, and Political Activism: Profile of American Animal Rights Activists.William M. Lunch & Wesley V. Jamison - 1992 - Science, Technology and Human Values 17 (4):438-458.
    This article reports original research examining characteristics of the active followers of the American animal rights movement. Typical respondents were Caucasian, highly educated urban professional women approximately thirty years old with a median income of $33,000. Most activists think of themselves as Democrats or as Independents, and have moderate to liberal political views. They were often suspicious of science and made no distinctions between basic and applied science, or public versus private animal-based research. The research suggests that animal rights activism (...)
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  37.  33
    Consciousness in Advaita Vedānta.William M. Indich - 1980 - Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
    The nature of consciouness or human awareness is one of the problems of perennial concern to philosphers and psychologists alike. Here is a systematic critical and comparative study the nature of human awareness according to the most influential school of classical Indian thought. After introducing the Advaita Philosophical system and indicating the place of consciouness in this system the author presents a detailed discussion of the Advaitin`s unique non-dual understanding of man`s basic intelligence. He continues with and analysis of the (...)
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  38.  15
    Aristotle, Rhetoric I: A Commentary.William M. A. Grimaldi - 1980 - Fordham Univ Press.
    Aristotle, Rhetoric I: A Commentary begins the acclaimed work undertaken by the author, later completed in the second (1988) volume on Aristotle's Rhetoric. The first Commentary on the Rhetoric in more than a century, it is not likely to be superseded for at least another hundred years.
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  39. Reply from W. M. Reddy.William M. Reddy - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):402-402.
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  40. Rethinking Intuition: The Psychology of Intuition and its Role in Philosophical Inquiry.Michael Raymond DePaul & William M. Ramsey (eds.) - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Ancients and moderns alike have constructed arguments and assessed theories on the basis of common sense and intuitive judgments. Yet, despite the important role intuitions play in philosophy, there has been little reflection on fundamental questions concerning the sort of data intuitions provide, how they are supposed to lead us to the truth, and why we should treat them as important. In addition, recent psychological research seems to pose serious challenges to traditional intuition-driven philosophical inquiry. Rethinking Intuition brings together a (...)
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  41.  65
    James J. Gibson's ecological approach: Perceiving what exists.William M. Mace - 2005 - Ethics and the Environment 10 (2):195-216.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:James J. Gibson's Ecological Approach:Perceiving What ExistsWilliam M. Mace (bio)Environmental Philosophy and EpistemologyThe purpose of this paper is to help an audience attracted to environmental philosophy get to the core of Gibson's system in a compact form and to appreciate the necessity for an account of the environment in epistemology. I hope to show that Gibson's is a consistent and scientifically progressive account of knowing that gives the environment (...)
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  42.  20
    What Is Left of Professionalism after Managed Care?William M. Sullivan - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):7-13.
    Modern American medicine has wedded scientific advance to a small business model of the individual practitioner, defining professionalism as technical understanding. If the profession is to survive, it must draw on older ideals of the learned professions as acting on behalf of the community, and reinvigorate a civic understanding of professional life.
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  43. Some principles require principals : why banning 'conflicts of interest' won't solve incentive problems in biomedical research.William M. Sage - 2010 - In Thomas H. Murray & Josephine Johnston (eds.), Trust and integrity in biomedical research: the case of financial conflicts of interest. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
     
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  44. Prints and Visual Communication.William M. Ivins - 1954 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 5 (18):168-169.
     
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  45.  48
    Historical Research on the Self and Emotions.William M. Reddy - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (4):302-315.
    Research on this topic in Europe and North America has reached a new stage. Prior to 1970, historians told a story of progress in which modern individuals gradually gained mastery of emotions. After 1970 this older approach was put into doubt. Since 1990 research into the history of emotions has increasingly relied on a new methodology, based on the assumption that emotion is a domain of effort, and that it is possible to document variance between emotional standards, on the one (...)
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  46.  10
    The Gildersleeve Prize for the Best Article Published in the American Journal of Philology in 2014 Has Been Presented to: William Josiah Edwards Davis, University of Toronto Faculty of Law.William M. Breichner - 2015 - American Journal of Philology 136 (3):1-1.
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  47.  24
    The Austrian Mind: An Intellectual and Social History.William M. Johnston - 1972 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (4):589-590.
  48.  47
    Relativism and error: Putnam's lessons for the relativist.William M. Throop - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (4):675-686.
  49.  42
    Expression theory and the preference reversal phenomena.William M. Goldstein & Hillel J. Einhorn - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (2):236-254.
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  50. Does political compulsion need to be justified?William M. Salter - 1899 - International Journal of Ethics 10 (1):97-98.
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