Results for 'William R. Minto'

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William R. Minto
Southern New Hampshire University
  1.  8
    Commentary On: Philip Rose's "Compromise as Deep Virtue: Evolution and Some Limits of Argumentation".William R. Minto - 2013 - Virtues of Argumentation. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA).
  2.  10
    Commentary on 'Pursuing Objectivity: How Virtuous Can You Get?'.William R. Minto - unknown
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  3.  28
    Biddhist Emptiness in the Ethics and Aesthetics of Watsuji Tetsurō*: WILLIAM R. LAFLEUR.William R. Lafleur - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (2):237-250.
    During the past few decades a growing interest in what is often called the ‘Kyoto School’ of philosophy has evidenced itself here and there in the West, especially in discussions of comparative religious thought and in the pages of journals which are sensitive, in the post-colonial world, to the value of giving attention to contemporary thought that originates outside the Anglo-American and continental contexts. What has made the so-called Kyoto School especially interesting is the fact that those thinkers identified with (...)
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  4. The New Phrenology: The Limits of Localizing Cognitive Processes in the Brain.William R. Uttal - 2001 - MIT Press.
    William Uttal is concerned that in an effort to prove itself a hard science, psychology may have thrown away one of its most important methodological tools—a critical analysis of the fundamental assumptions that underlie day-to-day empirical research. In this book Uttal addresses the question of localization: whether psychological processes can be defined and isolated in a way that permits them to be associated with particular brain regions. New, noninvasive imaging technologies allow us to observe the brain while it is (...)
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  5.  5
    Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference.William R. Shadish - 2001 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
    Sections include: experiments and generalised causal inference; statistical conclusion validity and internal validity; construct validity and external validity; quasi-experimental designs that either lack a control group or lack pretest observations on the outcome; quasi-experimental designs that use both control groups and pretests; quasi-experiments: interrupted time-series designs; regresssion discontinuity designs; randomised experiments: rationale, designs, and conditions conducive to doing them; practical problems 1: ethics, participation recruitment and random assignment; practical problems 2: treatment implementation and attrition; generalised causal inference: a grounded theory; (...)
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  6. McLean V. Arkansas United States District Court, Eastern District of Arkansas, Western Division Opinion of William R. Overton U.S. District Judge (Dated 5 January 1982. [REVIEW]William R. Overton - 1982 - Science, Technology and Human Values 7 (3):28-42.
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  7.  6
    Logic: The Theory of Inquiry.William R. Dennes - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49 (2):259.
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  8.  24
    The Ontology of Physical Objects. [REVIEW]William R. Carter - 1990 - Philosophical Review 102 (1):122-126.
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  9.  16
    Do Central Nonlinearities Exist?William R. Uttal - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (2):286-286.
  10.  28
    Religious Accommodation in Bioethics and the Practice of Medicine.William R. Smith & Robert Audi - 2021 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 46 (2):188-218.
    Debates about the ethics of health care and medical research in contemporary pluralistic democracies often arise partly from competing religious and secular values. Such disagreements raise challenges of balancing claims of religious liberty with claims to equal treatment in health care. This paper proposes several mid-level principles to help in framing sound policies for resolving such disputes. We develop and illustrate these principles, exploring their application to conscientious objection by religious providers and religious institutions, accommodation of religious priorities in biomedical (...)
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  11.  25
    Experience and Prediction.William R. Dennes - 1939 - Philosophical Review 48 (5):536-538.
  12.  54
    Science, Technology and Society in Seventeenth Century England.William R. Shea - 1938 - Science and Society 2 (4):566-571.
  13.  27
    Dewey on Democracy.William R. Caspary - 2000 - Cornell University Press.
    William R. Caspary makes the case for Dewey as a more discerning and challenging political theorist than this.
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  14.  23
    The Business and Society Course: Does It Change Student Attitudes? [REVIEW]William R. Wynd & John Mager - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (6):487 - 491.
    The purpose of this research was to determine if there is a significant difference in the attitudes of students toward situations involving ethical decisions before and after taking a course in Business and Society. A simulated before and after design was used with Clark's personal business ethics and social responsibility scale serving as the measurement instrument. The result of the study indicated that the Business and society class had no statistically significant impact on student attitudes.
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  15. Liquid Life: Abortion and Buddhism in Japan.William R. LaFleur - 1994 - Princeton University Press.
    Why would a country strongly influenced by Buddhism's reverence for life allow legalized, widely used abortion? Equally puzzling to many Westerners is the Japanese practice of mizuko rites, in which the parents of aborted fetuses pray for the well-being of these rejected "lives." In this provocative investigation, William LaFleur examines abortion as a window on the culture and ethics of Japan. At the same time he contributes to the Western debate on abortion, exploring how the Japanese resolve their conflicting (...)
     
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  16.  90
    On Passage and Persistence.William R. Carter & H. Scott Hestevold - 1994 - American Philosophical Quarterly 31 (4):269 - 283.
  17.  23
    Legitimacy in Bioethics: Challenging the Orthodoxy.William R. Smith - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (6):416-423.
    Several prominent writers including Norman Daniels, James Sabin, Amy Gutmann, Dennis Thompson and Leonard Fleck advance a view of legitimacy according to which, roughly, policies are legitimate if and only if they result from democratic deliberation, which employs only public reasons that are publicised to stakeholders. Yet, the process described by this view contrasts with the actual processes involved in creating the Affordable Care Act and in attempting to pass the Health Securities Act. Since the ACA seems to be legitimate, (...)
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  18. How to Change Your Mind.William R. Carter - 1989 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 19 (1):1 - 14.
    It no longer is true in a metaphorical sense only that a person can have a change of heart. We might grant this much — allow that a person may have one heart at one time and have another heart at still another time — and also resist the idea that a person can have a change of mind in anything other than a qualitative sense. In the discussion that follows, this standard view of the matter is called into question. (...)
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  19.  55
    Alchemy Vs. Chemistry: The Etymological Origins of a Historiographic Mistake1.William R. Newman & Lawrence M. Principe - 1998 - Early Science and Medicine 3 (1):32-65.
    The parallel usage of the two terms "alchemy" and "chemistry" by seventeenth-century writers has engendered considerable confusion among historians of science. Many historians have succumbed to the temptation of assuming that the early modern term "chemistry" referred to something like the modern discipline, while supposing that "alchemy" pertained to a different set of practices and beliefs, predominantly the art of transmuting base metals into gold. This paper provides the first exhaustive analysis of the two terms and their interlinguistic cognates in (...)
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  20.  38
    Aristotle. Fundamentals of the History of His Development.William R. Dennes, Werner Jaeger & Richard Robinson - 1937 - Philosophical Review 46 (3):326.
  21.  10
    Ethology: Understanding the Other Half of Intelligence.William R. Charlesworth - 1978 - Social Science Information 17 (2):231-277.
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  22.  55
    Forgiveness and Ideals.William R. Neblett - 1974 - Mind 83 (330):269-275.
  23. Précis of the New Phrenology: The Limits of Localizing Cognitive Processes in the Brain. [REVIEW]William R. Uttal - 2002 - Brain and Mind 3 (2):221-228.
  24.  21
    Ethics and Ego Dissolution: The Case of Psilocybin.William R. Smith & Dominic Sisti - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106070.
    Despite the fact that psychedelics were proscribed from medical research half a century ago, recent, early-phase trials on psychedelics have suggested that they bring novel benefits to patients in the treatment of several mental and substance use disorders. When beneficial, the psychedelic experience is characterized by features unlike those of other psychiatric and medical treatments. These include senses of losing self-importance, ineffable knowledge, feelings of unity and connection with others and encountering ‘deep’ reality or God. In addition to symptom relief, (...)
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  25.  29
    Buddhist Emptiness in the Ethics and Aesthetics of Watsuji Tetsurō.William R. Lafleur - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (2):237 - 250.
  26.  76
    From Agape to Organs: Religious Difference Between Japan and America in Judging the Ethics of the Transplant.William R. LaFleur - 2002 - Zygon 37 (3):623-642.
    This essay argues that Japan's resistance to the practice of transplanting organs from persons deemed “brain dead” may not be the result, as some claim, of that society's religions being not yet sufficiently expressive of love and altruism. The violence to the body necessary for the excision of transplantable organs seems to have been made acceptable to American Christians at a unique historical “window of opportunity” for acceptance of that new form of medical technology. Traditional reserve about corpse mutilation had (...)
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  27.  52
    It’s a Matter of Principle: The Role of Personal Values in Investment Decisions. [REVIEW]William R. Pasewark & Mark E. Riley - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (2):237 - 253.
    We investigate the role of personal values in an investment decision in a controlled experimental setting. Participants were asked to choose an investment in a bond issued by a tobacco company or a bond issued by a non-tobacco company that offered an equal or sometimes lower yield. We then surveyed the participants regarding their feelings toward tobacco use to determine whether these values influenced their investment decision. Using factor analysis, we identified investment- and tobacco-related dimensions on which participants’ responses tended (...)
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  28.  36
    Science, Technology and Society in Seventeenth-Century England.William R. Shea - 1974 - Philosophy of Science 41 (1):89-90.
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  29.  18
    Saving Environmental Justice From Proceduralism.William R. Smith - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):55-56.
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  30.  28
    Coercive Offers Without Coercion as Subjection.William R. Smith & Benjamin Rossi - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):64-66.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 64-66.
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  31.  6
    It’s a Matter of Principle: The Role of Personal Values in Investment Decisions.William R. Pasewark & Mark E. Riley - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (2):237-253.
    We investigate the role of personal values in an investment decision in a controlled experimental setting. Participants were asked to choose an investment in a bond issued by a tobacco company or a bond issued by a non-tobacco company that offered an equal or sometimes lower yield. We then surveyed the participants regarding their feelings toward tobacco use to determine whether these values influenced their investment decision. Using factor analysis, we identified investment- and tobacco-related dimensions on which participants’ responses tended (...)
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  32.  24
    The Alchemical Sources of Robert Boyle's Corpuscular Philosophy.William R. Newman - 1996 - Annals of Science 53 (6):567-585.
    Summary Robert Boyle is remembered largely for his integration of experiment and the ?mechanical philosophy?. Although Boyle is occasionally elusive as to what he means precisely by the ?mechanical philosophy?, it is clear that a major portion of it concerned his corpuscular theory of matter. Historians of science have traditionally viewed Boyle's corpuscular philosophy as the grafting of a physical theory onto a previously incoherent body of alchemy and iatrochemistry. As this essay shows, however, Boyle owed a heavy debt to (...)
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  33.  17
    The Karma of Words: Buddhism and the Literary Arts in Medieval Japan.William R. Lafleur - 1985 - Philosophy East and West 35 (3):319-320.
  34.  30
    The Relationship Between Moral Decisions and Their Consequences: A Tradeoff Analysis Approach. [REVIEW]William R. Swinyard, Thomas J. DeLong & Peng Sim Cheng - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (4):289 - 297.
    While at one level, the literature in ethics for some issues is broad, deep, and complex, for others it appears limited and lacking in sophistication. This cross — cultural study deals not only with the moral reasoning behind moral dilemmas in business but also with the magnitudes these dilemmas in concert with their possible outcomes and consequences. While many studies discuss the effect of these outcomes, we have found none that have explicitly examined them.The methodology and analysis use a novel (...)
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  35.  63
    Alchemical Atoms or Artisanal "Building Blocks"?: A Response to Klein.William R. Newman - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (2):pp. 212-231.
    In a recent essay review of William R. Newman, Atoms and Alchemy (2006), Ursula Klein defends her position that philosophically informed corpuscularian theories of matter contributed little to the growing knowledge of "reversible reactions" and robust chemical species in the early modern period. Newman responds here by providing further evidence that an experimental, scholastic tradition of alchemy extending well into the Middle Ages had already argued extensively for the persistence of ingredients during processes of "mixture" (e.g. chemical reactions), and (...)
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  36. In Defense Of Undetached Parts.William R. Carter - 1983 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 64 (2):126.
     
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  37.  2
    Now That We Are Here:: Discrimination, Disparagement, and Harassment at Work and the Experience of Women Lawyers.William R. F. Phillips, Harry Perlstadt & Janet Rosenberg - 1993 - Gender and Society 7 (3):415-433.
    This article examines the sexist work experiences of a sample of women lawyers in a mediumsized midwestern city. Specifically, it focuses on reports of discrimination, gender disparagement, and sexual harassment as components of gendered systems that maintain and reinforce inequalities between men and women on the job. The relationships between these experiences, professional role orientation and structural work characteristics are explored. Respondents report lower levels of discrimination at the more visible and legally protected “front door” than on the job. For (...)
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  38.  18
    William R. Uttal: Mind and Brain: A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience: MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2011, Xxviii+497, $49.50, ISBN 978-0-262-01596-7. [REVIEW]Fernand Gobet - 2014 - Minds and Machines 24 (2):221-226.
    The relation between mind and brain is one of the big scientific questions that has attracted scientists’ attention for centuries but also eluded their understanding. In this book, William Uttal provides a critical review of cognitive neuroscience, focusing on a specific question: What do the brain-imaging techniques developed in the last two decades or so—mostly functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography —tell us about the brain-mind problem? His unambiguous and abrasive answer is: nothing.The book is organized in (...)
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  39.  14
    An Examination of Logical Positivism.William R. Dennes - 1938 - Philosophical Review 47 (3):307.
  40.  76
    Response to Bechtel and Lloyd.William R. Uttal - 2002 - Brain and Mind 3 (1):261-273.
    The field of cognitive imaging is explodingboth in terms of the amount of our scientificresources dedicated to it and the associatedpublication rate. However, all of this effortis based on a critical question – Do cognitivemodules exist? Both of the reviewers of my book(Uttal, 2001) and I agree that this questionhas not yet been satisfactorily answered and,depending on the ultimate answer, the cognitiveimaging approach as well as some other parts ofthe quest for mechanistic models of mind mightnot be successful. Our views (...)
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  41. For a Cosmopolitical Philology: Lessons From Science Studies.William R. Paulson - 2001 - Substance 30 (3):101-119.
  42.  49
    Dualism: The Original Sin of Cognitivism.William R. Uttal - 2004 - L. Erlbaum Associates.
    Directed to scholars and senior-level graduate students, this book is an iconoclastic survey of the history of dualism and its impact on contemporary cognitive psychology. It argues that much of modern cognitive or mentalist psychology is built upon a cryptodualism--the idea that the mind and brain can be thought of as independent entities. This dualism pervades so much of society that it covertly influences many aspects of modern science, particularly psychology. To support the argument, the history of dualism is extended (...)
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  43.  9
    From Association to Gestalt: The Fate of Hermann Lotze's Theory of Spatial Perception, 1846-1920.William R. Woodward - 1978 - Isis 69 (4):572-582.
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  44. Contestation and Consensus: The Morality of Abortion in Japan.William R. LaFleur - 1990 - Philosophy East and West 40 (4):529-542.
  45.  19
    How to Assign Ordinal Numbers to Combinatory Terms with Polymorphic Types.William R. Stirton - 2012 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 51 (5-6):475-501.
    The article investigates a system of polymorphically typed combinatory logic which is equivalent to Gödel’s T. A notion of (strong) reduction is defined over terms of this system and it is proved that the class of well-formed terms is closed under both bracket abstraction and reduction. The main new result is that the number of contractions needed to reduce a term to normal form is computed by an ε 0-recursive function. The ordinal assignments used to obtain this result are also (...)
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  46.  11
    More Information, Broader Dissent on Informed Consent.William R. LaFleur - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):15 – 16.
  47.  39
    What is This Thing Called Love?William R. Jankowiak - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (2):109-110.
    Lamy probing rich analysis focuses more on the criteria necessary to spark or produce a potential lover’s readiness to “fall in love.” His analysis is silent, however, about the feeling state of congeniality or mutual attachment. This raises the intriguing question: if romantic love requires some form of cognitive realization or awareness of the love object, then does long-time companionship or comfort love anchored in a deep attachment have a similar cognitive horizon?
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  48.  12
    William R. Shadish, Jr., Arthur C. Houts, Barry Gholson, and Robert A. Neimeyer.Barry Gholson - 1989 - In Psychology of Science: Contributions to Metascience. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1.
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  49.  22
    Jaina Yoga.R. Williams - 1963 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book describes what the Jainas considered to be the way of life proper to a layman.
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  50. Heuristics, Biases, and the Not-so-General Publics: Expertise and Error in the Assessment of Risks.William R. Freudenburg - 1992 - In S. Krimsky & D. Golding (eds.), Social Theories of Risk. Praeger. pp. 229--249.
     
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