Results for 'William S. Mandrick'

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  1. Horizontal Integration of Warfighter Intelligence Data: A Shared Semantic Resource for the Intelligence Community.Barry Smith, Tatiana Malyuta, William S. Mandrick, Chia Fu, Kesny Parent & Milan Patel - 2012 - In Proceedings of the Conference on Semantic Technology in Intelligence, Defense and Security (STIDS), CEUR. pp. 1-8.
    We describe a strategy that is being used for the horizontal integration of warfighter intelligence data within the framework of the US Army’s Distributed Common Ground System Standard Cloud (DSC) initiative. The strategy rests on the development of a set of ontologies that are being incrementally applied to bring about what we call the ‘semantic enhancement’ of data models used within each intelligence discipline. We show how the strategy can help to overcome familiar tendencies to stovepiping of intelligence data, and (...)
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  2.  29
    Conscious Thought and the Sustained Attention to Response Task.William S. Helton, Rosalie P. Kern & Donieka R. Walker - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):600-607.
    We investigated the properties of the sustained attention to response task . In the SART, participants respond to frequent neutral signals and are required to withhold response to rare critical signals. We examined whether SART performance shows characteristics of speed–accuracy tradeoffs and in addition, we examined whether SART performance is influenced by prior exposure to emotional picture stimuli. Thirty-six participants in this study performed SARTs after being exposed to neutral and negative picture stimuli. Performance in the SART changed rapidly over (...)
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  3.  24
    Development of a Hospital Ethics Committee: Lessons From Five Years of Case Consultations.William S. Andereck - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (1):41.
    The development and consultation experience of an ethics committee in an urban community hospital has been presented, and various approaches to case consultation have been considered. Our committee has concentrated on the clinical evaluation model. As expected, most consultations have centered on issues of withdrawing or limiting medical care. Most patients evaluated have been unable to clearly express their wishes concerning further treatments, highlighting the need for promoting advance directives. When resorting to substituted judgment, our committee has supported continued care (...)
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  4.  49
    Merleau-Ponty’s View of Creativity and Its Philosophical Consequences.William S. Hamrick - 1994 - International Philosophical Quarterly 34 (4):401-412.
    This essay discusses the role that creativity played in Maurice Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology of perception and the lived-body as well as in his phenomenology of the social world-- mainly through language. The author identifies three main examples of the philosophical importance that creativity had for Merleau-Ponty: (1) the origin of meaning, (2) the rejection of the Cartesian mind-body dualism, and (3) necessary conditions for human dignity in the relationship of culture and nature. Finally, the last of these examples and the significance (...)
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  5.  81
    Simulation, Theory, and the Frame Problem: The Interpretive Moment.William S. Wilkerson - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (2):141-153.
    The theory-theory claims that the explanation and prediction of behavior works via the application of a theory, while the simulation theory claims that explanation works by putting ourselves in others' places and noting what we would do. On either account, in order to develop a prediction or explanation of another person's behavior, one first needs to have a characterization of that person's current or recent actions. Simulation requires that I have some grasp of the other person's behavior to project myself (...)
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  6. Is It a Choice? Sexual Orientation as Interpretation.William S. Wilkerson - 2009 - Journal of Social Philosophy 40 (1):97-116.
    Argues that choice, as a form of interpretation, is completely intertwined with the development of both sexual orientation and sexual identity. Sexual orientation is not simply a given, or determined aspect of personality.
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  7.  80
    How Innovative is the Ālayavijñāna?William S. Waldron - 1994 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 22 (3):199-258.
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  8.  75
    Real Patterns and Real Problems: Making Dennett Respectable on Patterns and Beliefs.William S. Wilkerson - 1997 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):557-70.
    Argues that Dennett's apparent inability to commit ontologically on the being of intentionality can be resolved by regarding intentionality as realized at the ontological level of a pattern of social behavior.
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  9.  5
    How Innovative is the "Alayavijñana?".William S. Waldron - 1995 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 23 (1):9.
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  10.  9
    Nonindependence of Successive Responses in Measurements of the Visual Threshold.William S. Verplanck, George H. Collier & John W. Cotton - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (4):273.
  11.  48
    From Bodily Motions to Bodily Intentions: The Perception of Bodily Activity.William S. Wilkerson - 1999 - Philosophical Psychology 12 (1):61-77.
    This paper argues that one's perception of another person's bodily activity is not the perception of the mere flexing and bending of that person's limbs, but rather of that person's intentions. It makes its case in three parts. First, it examines what conditions are necessary for children to begin to imitate and assimilate the behavior of other adults and argues that these conditions include the perception of intention. These conditions generalize to adult perception as well. Second, changing methodologies, the paper (...)
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  12. Comments on Michael William's Contextualism, Externalism and Epistemic Standards.Timothy Williamson - unknown
    The full-text of this article is not currently available in ORA, but the original publication is available at springerlink.com.
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  13.  14
    Real Patterns and Real Problems: Making Dennett Respectable on Patterns and Beliefs.William S. Wilkerson - 1997 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):557-570.
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  14. Understanding Phenomenal Consciousness.William S. Robinson - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    William S. Robinson has for many years written insightfully about the mind-body problem. In Understanding Phenomenal Consciousness he focuses on sensory experience and perception qualities such as colours, sounds and odours to present a dualistic view of the mind, called Qualitative Event Realism, that goes against the dominant materialist views. This theory is relevant to the development of a science of consciousness which is now being pursued not only by philosophers but by researchers in psychology and the brain sciences. (...)
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  15.  21
    Commodified Care.William S. Andereck - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (4):398.
    An icy wind blows through your cotton shirt while you sit outside the hospital door, waiting for your wife to bring up the car. The warm August day, when you entered the emergency room, has transformed into a gray November one. Your mind returns to Dr. Snipe.
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  16. William Whewell's Theory of Scientific Method.William Whewell & Robert E. Butts - 1968 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
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  17. Social Accountability and Corporate Greenwashing.William S. Laufer - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (3):253 - 261.
    Critics of SRI have said little about the integrity of corporate representations resulting in screening inclusion or exclusion. This is surprising given social and environmental accounting research that finds corporate posturing and deception in the absence of external verification, and a parallel body of literature describing corporate "greenwashing" and other forms of corporate disinformation. In this paper I argue that the problems and challenges of ensuring fair and accurate corporate social reporting mirror those accompanying corporate compliance with law. Similarities and (...)
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  18.  12
    Previous Training as a Determinant of Response Dependency at the Threshold.William S. Verplanck, John W. Cotton & George H. Collier - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (1):10.
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  19.  71
    Are Corruption Indices a Self-Fulfilling Prophecy? A Social Labeling Perspective of Corruption.Danielle E. Warren & William S. Laufer - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):841 - 849.
    Rankings of countries by perceived corruption have emerged over the past decade as leading indicators of governance and development. Designed to highlight countries that are known to be corrupt, their objective is to encourage transparency and good governance. High rankings on corruption, it is argued, will serve as a strong incentive for reform. The practice of ranking and labeling countries "corrupt," however, may have a perverse effect. Consistent with Social Labeling Theory, we argue that perceptual indices can encourage the loss (...)
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  20.  50
    Augustine on Sin and Moral Agency.William S. Babcock - 1988 - Journal of Religious Ethics 16 (1):28-55.
    Against the Manichees, Augustine argued that sin must involve a free exercise of will. Otherwise it will not count as the agent's own act for which the agent is morally responsible. In the 390's, however, Augustine became convinced that only the first humans sinned by free exercise of will. This view faced him with the question: how is it that unambiguously good agents come to will the evil? Augustine found no satisfactory solution, and the first evil will appears, on his (...)
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  21.  12
    “Mental Way Stations” in Contemporary Theories of Animal Learning.William S. Terry - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):649.
  22. Plato’s Treatment of Immortality in the Phaedo.William S. Cobb - 1977 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 15 (2):173-188.
  23.  7
    Plato’s Treatment of Immortality in the Phaedo.William S. Cobb - 1977 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 15 (2):173-188.
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  24.  13
    "Intentionality, Ascription, and Understanding: Remarks on Professor Hocutt's" Spartans, Strawmen, and Symptoms".William S. Robinson - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):157-162.
  25.  8
    Decision Theory as a Branch of Evolutionary Theory: A Biological Derivation of the Savage Axioms.William S. Cooper - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (4):395-411.
  26.  98
    The Propositional Logic of Ordinary Discourse.William S. Cooper - 1968 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 11 (1-4):295 – 320.
    The logical properties of the 'if-then' connective of ordinary English differ markedly from the logical properties of the material conditional of classical, two-valued logic. This becomes apparent upon examination of arguments in conversational English which involve (noncounterfactual) usages of if-then'. A nonclassical system of propositional logic is presented, whose conditional connective has logical properties approximating those of 'if-then'. This proposed system reduces, in a sense, to the classical logic. Moreover, because it is equivalent to a certain nonstandard three-valued logic, its (...)
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  27.  38
    When Do Speakers Take Into Account Common Ground?William S. Horton & Boaz Keysar - 1996 - Cognition 59 (1):91-117.
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  28.  76
    Experiencing is Not Observing: A Response to Dwayne Moore on Epiphenomenalism and Self-Stultification.William S. Robinson - 2013 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (2):185-192.
    This article defends epiphenomenalism against criticisms raised in Dwayne Moore’s “On Robinson’s Response to the Self-Stultifying Objection”.
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  29. Intrinsic Qualities of Experience: Surviving Harman's Critique. [REVIEW]William S. Robinson - 1997 - Erkenntnis 47 (3):285-309.
    Gilbert Harman (1990) seeks to defend psychophysical functionalism by articulating a representationalist view of the qualities of experience. The negative side of the present paper argues that the resources of this representationalist view are insufficient to ground the evident distinction between perception and (mere) thought. This failure makes the view unable to support the uses to which Harman wishes to put it. Several rescuing moves by other representationalists are considered, but none is found successful. Part of the difficulty in Harman's (...)
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  30.  22
    The Logical Foundations of Mathematics.William S. Hatcher - 1982 - Pergamon Press.
  31.  37
    Objectivity From Subjectivity: A Review of Jan Patocka's Introduction to Husserl's Phenomenology. [REVIEW]William S. Wilkerson - 2000 - Human Studies 23 (1):91-97.
  32.  28
    The Impact of Memory Demands on Audience Design During Language Production.William S. Horton & Richard J. Gerrig - 2005 - Cognition 96 (2):127-142.
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  33. Understanding Phenomenal Consciousness.William S. Robinson - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (222):142-144.
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  34. Russellian Monism and Epiphenomenalism.William S. Robinson - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (1):100-117.
    Contemporaries often reject epiphenomenalism out of hand, while Russellian Monism is regarded as worthy of further development. It is argued here that this difference of attitudes is indefensible, because the easy rejection of EPI is due to its violating a certain Causal Intuition, and RM implicitly violates that same intuition. An enriched version of RM mitigates the violation, but the same mitigation results if we make a parallel enrichment of EPI. If RM and EPI are approached on a level playing (...)
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  35.  99
    Thoughts Without Distinctive Non-Imagistic Phenomenology.William S. Robinson - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (3):534-561.
    Silent thinking is often accompanied by subvocal sayings to ourselves, imagery, emotional feelings, and non-sensory experiences such as familiarity, rightness, and confidence that we can go on in certain ways. Phenomenological materials of these kinds, along with our dispositions to give explanations or draw inferences, provide resources that are sufficient to account for our knowledge of what we think, desire, and so on. We do not need to suppose that there is a distinctive, non-imagistic 'what it is like' to think (...)
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  36.  57
    Is Formal Ethics Training Merely Cosmetic? A Study of Ethics Training and Ethical Organizational Culture.Danielle E. Warren, Joseph P. Gaspar & William S. Laufer - 2014 - Business Ethics Quarterly 24 (1):85-117.
    U.S. Organizational Sentencing Guidelines provide firms with incentives to develop formal ethics programs to promote ethical organizational cultures and thereby decrease corporate offenses. Yet critics argue such programs are cosmetic. Here we studied bank employees before and after the introduction of formal ethics training—an important component of formal ethics programs—to examine the effects of training on ethical organizational culture. Two years after a single training session, we find sustained, positive effects on indicators of an ethical organizational culture . While espoused (...)
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  37.  22
    Tool-Use Practice Induces Changes in Intrinsic Functional Connectivity of Parietal Areas.Kwangsun Yoo, William S. Sohn & Yong Jeong - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  38.  32
    Revisiting the Memory‐Based Processing Approach to Common Ground.William S. Horton & Richard J. Gerrig - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (4):780-795.
    Horton and Gerrig outlined a memory-based processing model of conversational common ground that provided a description of how speakers could both strategically and automatically gain access to information about others through domain-general memory processes acting over ordinary memory traces. In this article, we revisit this account, reviewing empirical findings that address aspects of this memory-based model. In doing so, we also take the opportunity to clarify what we believe this approach implies about the cognitive psychology of common ground, and just (...)
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  39. Plato's Sophist.William S. Cobb - 1990 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Plato's Sophist provides a careful translation of the Sophist, one of Plato's most complex and difficult dialogues, and includes materials designed to facilitate its usefulness as a text in college courses. The translation employs a minimum of interpretative paraphrasing while being presented in clear, readable English. Special attention has been given to consistency in translating key Greek terms. The book presents a special list of these terms and discusses them in the endnotes. The result is a translation that enables the (...)
     
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  40.  38
    Corporate Ethics Initiatives as Social Control.William S. Laufer & Diana C. Robertson - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (10):1029-1047.
    Efforts to institutionalize ethics in corporations have been discussed without first addressing the desirability of norm conformity or the possibility that the means used to elicit conformity will be coercive. This article presents a theoretical context, grounded in models of social control, within which ethics initiatives may be evaluated. Ethics initiatives are discussed in relation to variables that already exert control in the workplace, such as environmental controls, organizational controls, and personal controls.
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  41.  29
    A Frugal View of Cognitive Phenomenology.William S. Robinson - 2011 - In Tim Bayne and Michelle Montague (ed.), Cognitive Phenomenology. Oxford University Press. pp. 197.
  42.  84
    Shoemaker on Moore's Paradox and Self-Knowledge.William S. Larkin - 1999 - Philosophical Studies 96 (3):239-252.
    Shoemaker argues that a satisfactory resolution of Moore's paradox requires a _self-intimation thesis that posits a "constitutive relation between belief and believing that one believes." He claims that such a thesis is needed to explain the crucial fact that the assent conditions for '_P' entail those for '_I believe that P'. This paper argues for an alternative resolution of Moore's paradox that provides for an adequate explanation of the crucial fact without relying on the kind of necessary connection between first (...)
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  43. Knowing Epiphenomena.William S. Robinson - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (1-2):85-100.
    This paper begins with a summary of an argument for epiphenomenalism and a review of the author's previous work on the self-stultification objection to that view. The heart of the paper considers an objection to this previous work and provides a new response to it. Questions for this new response are considered and a view is developed in which knowledge of our own mentality is seen to differ from our knowledge of external things.
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  44. Causation, Sensations, and Knowledge.William S. Robinson - 1982 - Mind 91 (October):524-40.
  45.  15
    Toward Eliminating Churchland’s Eliminationism.William S. Robinson - 1985 - Philosophical Topics 13 (2):61-68.
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  46.  25
    Is Formal Ethics Training Merely Cosmetic? In Advance.Danielle E. Warren, Joseph Gaspar & William S. Laufer - 2014 - Business Ethics Quarterly 24 (1).
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  47. Brains and People: An Essay on Mentality and its Causal Conditions.William S. Robinson - 1988 - Temple University Press.
     
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  48.  33
    Toward Eliminating Churchland’s Eliminationism.William S. Robinson - 1985 - Philosophical Topics 13 (2):60-67.
  49. The Idea of Nostalgia.Jean Starobinski & William S. Kemp - 1966 - Diogenes 14 (54):81-103.
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    Social Screening of Investments: An Introduction. [REVIEW]William S. Laufer - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (3):163 - 165.
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