Results for 'William T. Ross'

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  1.  61
    A Typology of Situational Factors: Impact on Salesperson Decision-Making About Ethical Issues. [REVIEW]William T. Ross & Diana C. Robertson - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 46 (3):213 - 234.
    We explore two dimensions of situational factors expected to influence decision-making about ethical issues among sales representatives – universal vs. particular and direct vs. indirect. We argue that these distinctions are important theoretically, methodologically, and managerially. We test our hypotheses by means of a survey of 252 sales representatives. Our results confirm that considering universal and particular and direct and indirect situational factors contributes to our understanding of decision-making about ethical issues within a sales context, specifically willingness to engage in (...)
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  2.  35
    Lying: The Impact of Decision Context.William T. Ross Jr & Diana C. Robertson - 2000 - Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (2):409-440.
    This study tests the usefulness of a person-situation interactionist framework in examining the willingness of a salesperson to lie to get an order. Using a survey of 389 salespersons, our results demonstrate that organizational relationships influence willingness to lie. Specifically, salespersons are less willing to lie to their own company than to their customer, than to a channel partner, and finally,than to a competitor firm. Furthermore, respondents from firms with a clear and positive ethical climate are less willing to lie. (...)
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  3.  21
    Decision-Making Processes on Ethical Issues: The Impact of a Social Contract Perspective.William T. Ross Jr - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (2):213.
    This paper develops a framework for examining decision making about ethical issues and tests the applicability of a social contract perspective. Using two separate sampIes of students and salespeople, we determine that community members tend to judge a potentially unethical act to constitute a violation of an implicit social contract and non-communitymembers do not. Also, consistent with the emphasis on context specificity of integrative social contracts theory, situational variables influence perceptions of ethicality for the community members, but do not affect (...)
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  4. H.G. Wells's World Reborn: The Outline of History and Its Companions.William T. Ross - 2006 - Utopian Studies 17 (1):261-264.
  5.  10
    William T. Fontaine 1909-1968.James F. Ross - 1969 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 43:200 - 202.
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  6.  22
    Alan Ross Anderson and Nüel D. BelnapJr., A Simple Treatment of Truth Functions. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 24 No. 4 , Pp. 301–302.William T. Parry - 1963 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 28 (4):291.
  7.  12
    Review: Alan Ross Anderson, Nuel D. Belnap, A Simple Treatment of Truth Functions. [REVIEW]William T. Parry - 1963 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 28 (4):291-291.
  8.  17
    Effects of Stress and Anxiety on Continuous High-Speed Color Naming.William Z. Davidson, T. G. Andrews & Sherman Ross - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (1):13.
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  9.  35
    New Books. [REVIEW]A. C. Ewing, T. E., James Drever, William Brown, James Drever, W. J., M. A., R. A., J. S. MacKenzie, W. D. Ross & J. Ellis McTaggart - 1925 - Mind 34 (133):104-122.
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  10. New Books. [REVIEW]H. Barker, William L. Davidson, W. H. Winch, W. P. Paterson, G. R. T. Ross, F. C. S. Schiller, G. Dawes Hicks, B. Russell, M. D. & A. W. Benn - 1905 - Mind 14 (53):116-131.
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  11. Private Sociology: Unsparing Reflections, Uncommon Gains.Isaac D. Balbus, Sarah Brabant, William B. Brown, Kristine Anderson Dougherty, Don Eckard, Carolyn Ellis, David O. Friedrichs, Ann Goetting, Barbara A. Haley, Ross Koppel, Marianne A. Paget, Douglas V. Porpora, Larry T. Reynolds, Carol Rambo Ronai, Barbara Katz Rothman, Joseph W. Ruane, Don H. Shamblin, Z. G. Standing Bear, Robert L. Stewart, Roger A. Straus, Richard Quinney & Jan Yager (eds.) - 1996 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Each contributor to this book has used personal experience as the basis from which to frame his individual sociological perspectives. Because they have personalized their work, their accounts are real, and recognizable as having come from 'real' persons, about 'real' experiences. There are no objectively-distanced disembodied third person entities in these accounts. These writers are actual people whose stories will make you laugh, cry, think, and want to know more.
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  12.  63
    William David Ross.Anthony Skelton - 2010/2012 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Presents and argues for a novel interpretation of Ross's distinctive contribution to moral theory and meta-ethics.
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  13. Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher.William T. Scott - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Michael Polanyi was one of the great figures of European intellectual life in the 20th century. A highly acclaimed physical chemist in the first period of his career who became a celebrated philosopher after World War II, Polanyi taught in Germany, England, and the United States and associated with many of the leading intellects of his time. His biography has remained unwritten partly because his many and scattered interests in a wide variety of fields, including six subfields of physical chemistry, (...)
     
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  14. Reconsidering Perceptual Content.William T. Wojtach - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (1):22-43.
    An important class of teleological theories cannot explain the representational content of visual states because they fail to address the relationship between the world, projected retinal stimuli, and perception. A different approach for achieving a naturalized theory of visual content is offered that rejects the traditional internalism/externalism debate in favor of what is termed “empirical externalism.” This position maintains that, while teleological considerations can underwrite a broad understanding of representation, the content of visual representation can only be determined empirically according (...)
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  15.  15
    Quantitative Analysis of Purposive Systems: Some Spadework at the Foundations of Scientific Psychology.William T. Powers - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (5):417-435.
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  16.  26
    What is the Role of the Cerebellum in Motor Learning and Cognition?William T. Thach - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (9):331-337.
  17. William James As Critic of His Brother Henry.William T. Stafford - 1959 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 40 (4):341.
     
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  18.  15
    Tacit Knowing and the Concept of Mind.William T. Scott - 1971 - Philosophical Quarterly 21 (82):22-35.
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  19.  24
    The Works of George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne.The Works of George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne: Vol. IV. De Motu: The Analyst, Defence of Free-Thinking in Mathematics, Reasons for Not Replying to Walton's Full Answer, Arithmetica, Miscellanea Mathematica, Of Infinites, Letters on Vesuvius, on Petrifactions, on Earthquakes, Description of Cave of Dunmore.The Works of George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne: Vol. V. Siris, Letters to Thomas Prior and Dr. Hales, Farther Thoughts on Tar-Water, Varia.The Works of George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne: Vol. VI. Passive Obedience, Advice to Tories Who Have Taken the Oaths, Essay Towards Preventing the Ruin of Great Britain, The Querist, Letter on a National Bank, The Irish Patriot, Discourse to Magistrates, Letters on the Jacobite Rebellion, A Word to the Wise, Maxims Concerning Patriotism.William T. Parry - 1953 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (2):263-263.
  20.  68
    The Question of a Religious Reality: Commentary on the Polanyi Papers.William T. Scott - 1982 - Zygon 17 (1):83-87.
    . Two aspects of the problem of interpreting Michael Polanyi’s outlook on religion are discussed. First, various ways of relating to reality beyond the objective perception of factuality must be considered, including the shift from I-It to I-Thou relations, and the self-giving mode of surrender to a symbolized reality. Second, the active use of the imagination in perception involves a commitment that the image is of something real, transcending the person. I believe that Polanyi understands both religious rituals and works (...)
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  21.  32
    A Bridge From Science to Religion Based on Polanyi's Theory of Knowledge.William T. Scott - 1970 - Zygon 5 (1):41-62.
  22.  4
    [Aristotelous Analytika] = Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics. Aristotle & William David Ross - 1949 - Clarendon Press.
  23.  82
    The Concept of the Categorical Imperative: A Study of the Place of the Categorical Imperative in Kant's Ethical Theory.T. C. Williams - 1968 - Clarendon Press.
  24.  12
    A Comparison of the Effects of Ethics Training on International and US Students.T. Lee Williams, Shane Connelly, Michael Mumford, Alexandra MacDougall, Logan Watts, James Johnson & Logan Steele - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1217-1244.
    As scientific and engineering efforts become increasingly global in nature, the need to understand differences in perceptions of research ethics issues across countries and cultures is imperative. However, investigations into the connection between nationality and ethical decision-making in the sciences have largely generated mixed results. In Study 1 of this paper, a measure of biases and compensatory strategies that could influence ethical decisions was administered. Results from this study indicated that graduate students from the United States and international graduate students (...)
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  25.  13
    Heritability Estimates Versus Large Environmental Effects: The IQ Paradox Resolved.William T. Dickens & James R. Flynn - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (2):346-369.
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  26.  27
    Cultural Evolution and Social Epistemology: A Darwinian Alternative to Steve Fuller’s Theodicy of Science.William T. Lynch - 2017 - Social Epistemology 31 (2):224-234.
    Key to Steve Fuller’s recent defense of intelligent design is the claim that it alone can explain why science is even possible. By contrast, Fuller argues that Darwinian evolutionary theory posits a purposeless universe leaving humans with no motivation to study science and no basis for modifying an underlying reality. I argue that this view represents a retreat from insights about knowledge within Fuller’s own program of social epistemology. I argue for a Darwinian picture of science as a product of (...)
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  27.  15
    Book Reviews : Constitutional Democracy: Essays in Comparative Politics. Edited by Fred Eidlin. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1983. Pp. 516. $42.50. [REVIEW]William T. Bluhm - 1988 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 18 (3):409-411.
  28. Book Review: Common Objects of Love: Moral Reflection and the Shaping of Community; Bonds of Imperfection: Christian Politics, Past and Present. [REVIEW]William T. Cavanaugh - 2006 - Studies in Christian Ethics 19 (1):128-132.
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  29.  37
    Intentionality: No Mystery.William T. Powers - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):152-153.
  30. Social Epistemology Transformed: Steve Fuller’s Account of Knowledge as a Divine Spark for Human Domination.William T. Lynch - 2016 - Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 3 (2): 191-205.
    In his new book, Knowledge: The Philosophical Quest in History, Steve Fuller returns to core themes of his program of social epistemology that he first outlined in his 1988 book, Social Epistemology. He develops a new, unorthodox theology and philosophy building upon his testimony in Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District in defense of intelligent design, leading to a call for maximal human experimentation. Beginning from the theological premise rooted in the Abrahamic religious tradition that we are created in the (...)
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  31.  71
    The Origins of Purpose: The First Metasystem Transitions.William T. Powers - 1995 - World Futures 45 (1):125-137.
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  32.  47
    A General Mechanism for Decision-Making in the Human Brain?Alan E. Rorie & William T. Newsome - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):41-43.
  33.  48
    Killing for the Telephone Company: Why the Nation‐State is Not the Keeper of the Common Good.William T. Cavanaugh - 2004 - Modern Theology 20 (2):243-274.
  34.  29
    Second-Guessing Scientists and Engineers: Post Hoc Criticism and the Reform of Practice in Green Chemistry and Engineering.William T. Lynch - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1217-1240.
    The article examines and extends work bringing together engineering ethics and Science and Technology Studies, which had built upon Diane Vaughan’s analysis of the Challenger shuttle accident as a test case. Reconsidering the use of her term “normalization of deviance,” the article argues for a middle path between moralizing against and excusing away engineering practices contributing to engineering disaster. To explore an illustrative pedagogical case and to suggest avenues for constructive research developing this middle path, it examines the emergence of (...)
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  35.  15
    The Concept of the Categorical Imperative.R. W. Simpson & T. C. Williams - 1970 - Philosophical Quarterly 20 (78):90.
  36.  16
    The Invention of Fanaticism.William T. Cavanaugh - 2011 - Modern Theology 27 (2):226-237.
  37.  29
    Francis Hutcheson and Contemporary Ethical Theory.William T. Blackstone - 1965 - Athens, University of Georgia Press.
  38.  64
    Ethics and Ecology.William T. Blackstone - 1973 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 11 (1-2):55-71.
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  39.  8
    Cause/Effect Metaphors Versus Control Theory.William T. Powers - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):115-115.
  40.  21
    From Opportunism to Nascent Conservation.William T. Vickers - 1994 - Human Nature 5 (4):307-337.
    Siona-Secoya hunters of the northwest Amazon strive to maximize short-term yields to provision their households with meat. The observed patterns of hunting more closely resemble the predictions of optimal foraging theory (OFT) than they do a conservation ethic. In the past the Siona-Secoya worried little about conservation because they believed that good shamans attracted abundant game. When hunting was poor, shamans performedyagé ceremonies and appealed to supernatural gamekeepers for the release of more animals from the underworld. The sustainability of Siona-Secoya (...)
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  41.  2
    Engineering Practice and Engineering Ethics.Ronald Kline & William T. Lynch - 2000 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 25 (2):195-225.
    Diane Vaughan’s analysis of the causes of the Challenger accident suggests ways to apply science and technology studies to the teaching of engineering ethics. By sensitizing future engineers to the ongoing construction of risk during mundane engineering practice, we can better prepare them to address issues of public health, safety, and welfare before they require heroic intervention. Understanding the importance of precedents, incremental change, and fallible engineering judgment in engineering design may help them anticipate potential threats to public safety arising (...)
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  42.  54
    The Ghost of Wittgenstein: Forms of Life, Scientific Method, and Cultural Critique.William T. Lynch - 2005 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (2):139-174.
    In developing an "internal" sociology of science, the sociology of scientific knowledge drew on Wittgenstein’s later philosophy to reinterpret traditional epistemological topics in sociological terms. By construing scientific reasoning as rule following within a collective, sociologists David Bloor and Harry Collins effectively blocked outside criticism of a scientific field, whether scientific, philosophical, or political. Ethnomethodologist Michael Lynch developed an alternative, Wittgensteinian reading that similarly blocked philosophical or political critique, while also disallowing analytical appeals to historical or institutional contexts. I criticize (...)
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  43.  3
    Women and Men in Film: Gender Inequality Among Writers in a Culture Industry.William T. Bielby & Denise D. Bielby - 1996 - Gender and Society 10 (3):248-270.
    Distinctive features of culture industries suggest that women culture workers face formidable barriers to career advancement. Using longitudinal data on the careers of screenwriters, we examine gender inequality in the labor market for writers of feature films. We hypothesize and test three different models of labor market dynamics and find support for a model of cumulative disadvantage whereby the gender gap in earnings grows as men and women move through their careers. We suggest that the transition of screenwriting from a (...)
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  44. Aristotle, De Anima.Harald A. T. Reiche & David Ross - 1963 - American Journal of Philology 84 (2):205.
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  45. Philosophy and Environmental Crisis.William T. Blackstone - 1977 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 8 (4):271-272.
     
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  46.  19
    A Content Analysis of the Portrayal of Mature Individuals in Television Commercials.Robin T. Peterson & Douglas T. Ross - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (4):425-433.
    This inquiry analyzed the extent to which television commercials used mature models, relative to younger models. It also analyzed the extent to which commercials portrayed the elderly in a favorable or an unfavorable manner. The study used content analysis to test twelve hypotheses. The authors arrived at conclusions relating to the depiction of mature individuals in television commercials and set forth various recommendations to advertisers, based on the analysis.
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  47.  4
    Early Greek Elegy.R. M. R. & T. Hudson-Williams - 1927 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 47:138.
  48.  66
    Reverse Discrimination and Compensatory Justice.William T. Blackstone - 1975 - Social Theory and Practice 3 (3):253-288.
  49.  9
    A Systems Approach to Consciousness.William T. Powers - 1980 - In J. M. Davidson & Richard J. Davidson (eds.), The Psychobiology of Consciousness. Plenum. pp. 217--242.
  50.  17
    Dewey and Whitehead on the Starting Point and Method.William T. Myers - 2001 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 37 (2):243 - 255.
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