Results for 'Wim J. Der Steen'

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  1.  75
    The Issue of Generality in Ethics.Bert Musschenga & Wim J. Van der Steen - 1992 - Journal of Value Inquiry 26 (4):511-524.
    Does ethics have adequate general theories? Our analysis shows that this question does not have a straightforward answer since the key terms are ambiguous. So we should not concentrate on the answer but on the question itself. “Ethics” stands for many things, but we let that pass. “Adequate” may refer to varied arrays of methodological principles which are seldom fully articulated in ethics. “General” is a notion with at least three meanings. Different kinds of generality may be at cross-purposes, so (...)
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  2. Experiment, Differenz Schrift: Zur Geschichte Epistemiscber/Dinge.Hans-Jorg Rheinberger & Wim J. Van der Steen - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
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  3.  7
    New Ways to Look at Fitness.Wim J. Van der Steen - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):479 - 492.
    Many authors have argued that the core of evolutionary biology as represented by the catchphrase 'The fittest survive' is tautological. Concerning the fitness concept of population genetics it is easy to rebut this charge by a proper explication of the term 'survival'. In biology and in the philosophy of biology, various fitness concepts over and above that of population genetics have been elaborated. These concepts, which are called 'supervenient' by some philosophers, have a limited usefulness. On some interpretations they do (...)
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  4. Facts, Values, and Methodology: A New Approach to Ethics.Wim J. Van der Steen - 1995 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Science is not value-free and ethics is not fact-free. Science and ethics should be similar, but they are not. The author indicates how research in ethics is to change in the face of this. Ethicists should accommodate empirical work in their programs and they should take heed of methodologies developed in science and philosophy of science. They should abandon the search for a single overarching theory of morality. Controversies in ethics are often spurious for lack of articulate methodological key concepts. (...)
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  5.  10
    Science, Religion, and Experience.Wim J. Van der Steen - 2000 - International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (3):339-349.
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  6. Beyond Boundaries of Biomedicine: Pragmatic Perspectives on Health and Disease.der Steen & J. Wim - 2003 - Rodopi.
     
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  7. Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis.der Steen & J. Wim - 2000 - Praeger.
  8.  19
    Beyond Boundaries of Biomedicine: Pragmatic Perspectives on Health and Disease.van der Steen & J. Wim - 2003 - Rodopi.
    Chapter 1 Introduction The man was coughing again. Shocked he was as he discovered that his saliva had a reddish taint. Would he have a lung disease after all? Cancer perhaps? Long ago, relatives of his had died from LC, lung cancer.
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  9.  26
    Bilder Griechischer Vasen, Edited by J. D. Beazley and Paul Jacobsthal. Pt. 2: Der Berliner Maler. By J. D. Beazley. Pp. 22; 32 Plates. 32 M. Pt. 3: Kertscher Vasen. By Karl Schefold. Pp. 22; 24 Plates. 25 M. Berlin-Wilmersdorf: H. Keller, 1930. [REVIEW]P. D. J. - 1931 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 51 (1):123-123.
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  10.  23
    Van der Steen, Wim J. Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis.Richard J. Blackwell - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):950-951.
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  11.  37
    Wim J. Van der Steen (2000). Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis.Thomas Reydon - 2001 - Acta Biotheoretica 49 (3):203-206.
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  12.  37
    Wim J. Van der Steen and Vincent K.J. Ho (2001). Methods and Morals in the Life Sciences: A Guide for Analyzing and Writing Texts. [REVIEW]Lino Enrique Paula - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (1):73-76.
  13.  17
    Towards Disciplinary Disintegration in Biology.Wim J. Steen - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):259-275.
    Interdisciplinary integration has fundamental limitations. This is not sufficiently realized in science and in philosophy. Concerning scientific theories there are many examples of pseudo-integration which should be unmasked by elementary philosophical analysis. For example, allegedly over-arching theories of stress which are meant to unite biology and psychology, upon analysis, turn out to represent terminological rather than substantive unity. They should be replaced by more specific, local theories. Theories of animal orientation, likewise, have been formulated in unduly general terms. A natural (...)
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  14.  15
    The Nature of Evolutionary Theory: The Semantic Challenge. [REVIEW]Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. Steen - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):1-15.
  15.  19
    Mere Generality is Not Enough.Wim J. Steen & Peter B. Sloep - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):217-219.
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  16.  6
    A Natural Alliance of Teaching and Philosophy of Science.Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. Steen - 1988 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 20 (2):24-32.
  17. Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology II. Appraisal of Arguments Against Adaptationism.Wim J. Steen - 1983 - Acta Biotheoretica 32 (3).
    Methodological analysis shows that the concepts of fitness and adaptation are more complex than the literature suggests. Various arguments against adaptationism are inadequate since they are couched in terms of unduly simplistic notions.
     
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  18. Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology IV. Stress and Stress Tolerance, an Excercise in Definitions.Wim J. Steen & Martin Scholten - 1985 - Acta Biotheoretica 34 (1).
    Grime (1979) in a recently developed theory distinguished three basic plant strategies: stress tolerance,ruderality and competition. He relates them to environments characterized in terms of stress and disturbance. Classifications of strategies and environments both are ultimately defined in terms of production. This tends to make the theory tautological. If the theory is to make sense, environments had better be defined in independent terms.
     
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  19. Interdisciplinary Integration in Biology? An Overview.Wim J. Steen - 1990 - Acta Biotheoretica 38 (1).
    Philosophical theories about reduction and integration in science are at variance with what is happenign in science. A realistic approach to science show that possibilities for reduction and integration are limited. The classical ideal of a unified science has since long been rejected in philosophy. But the current emphasis on interdisciplinary integration in philosophy and in science shows that it survives in a different guise. It is necessary to redress the balance, specifically in biology. Methodological analysis shows that many of (...)
     
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  20. Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology.Patsy Haccou & Wim J. Steen - 1992 - Acta Biotheoretica 40 (4).
    One of the major criticisms of optimal foraging theory (OFT) is that it is not testable. In discussions of this criticism opposing parties have confused methodological concepts and used meaningless biological concepts. In this paper we discuss such misunderstandings and show that OFr has an empirically testable, and even well-confirmed, general core theory. One of our main conclusions is that specific model testing should not be aimed at proving optimality, but rather at identifying the context in which certain types of (...)
     
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  21. Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology VII. The Species Plague.Wim J. Steen & Bart Voorzanger - 1986 - Acta Biotheoretica 35 (3).
    Various philosophers and evolutionary biologists have recently defended the thesis that species are individuals rather than sets. A decade of debates, however, did not suffice to settle the matter. Conceptual analysis shows that many of the key terms involved (individuation, evolutionary species, spatiotemporal restrictedness, individual) are ambiguous. Current disagreements should dissolve once this is recognized. Explication of the concepts involved leads to new programs for philosophical research. It could also help biology by showing how extant controversies concerning evolution may have (...)
     
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  22.  5
    Egoism and Altruism in Ethics: Dispensing with Spurious Generality. [REVIEW]Wim J. Steen - 1995 - Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (1):31-44.
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  23. Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology VI. The Force of Evolutionary Epistemology.Wim J. Steen - 1986 - Acta Biotheoretica 35 (3).
    Evolutionary epistemology takes various forms. As a philosophical discipline, it may use analogies by borrowing concepts from evolutionary biology to establish new foundations. This is not a very successful enterprise because the analogies involved are so weak that they hardly have explanatory force. It may also veil itself with the garbs of biology. Proponents of this strategy have only produced irrelevant theories by transforming epistemology's concepts beyond recognition. Sensible theories about knowledge and biology should presuppose that various long-standing problems concerning (...)
     
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  24. Ethics, Animals and the Environment: A Review of Recent Books. [REVIEW]Wim J. Steen - 1992 - Acta Biotheoretica 40 (4).
    Animal liberation ethics and environmental ethics have recently come of age. Concerning concrete moral rules considered by researchers in these areas there is much consensus. Highly general theories formulated to justify the rules are more problematic. However, the search for such theories may well be misguided.
     
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  25. Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology III. Selection and Levels of Organization.Wim J. Steen & Bart Voorzanger - 1984 - Acta Biotheoretica 33 (3).
    Apparently factual disagreement on the level(s) at which selection operates often results from different interpretations of the term selection. Attempts to resolve terminological problems must come to grips with a dilemma: a narrow interpretation of selection may lead to a restricted view on evolution; a broader, less precise, definition may wrongly suggest that selection is the centre of a unified, integrated theory of evolution. Different concepts of selection, therefore, should carefully be kept apart.
     
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  26. Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology V. The Import of Supervenience.Wim J. Steen - 1986 - Acta Biotheoretica 35 (3).
    Rosenberg has rightly argued that fitness is supervenient. But he has wrongly assumed that this makes The fittest survive nontautologous. Supervenience makes strict reduction impossible. It sheds light on disputes concerning the testability of evolutionary theory.
     
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  27.  11
    Additional Notes on Integration.Wim J. Steen - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):349-352.
  28. Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology I. Testability and Tautologies.Wim J. Steen - 1983 - Acta Biotheoretica 32 (3).
    The impact of philosophy of science on biology is slight. Evolutionary biology, however, is nowadays an exception. The status of the neo-Darwinian (synthetic) theory of evolution is seriously challenged from a methodological perspective. However, the methodology used in the relevant discussions is plainly defective. A correct application of methodology to evolutionary theory leads to the following conclusions. (a) The theory of natural selection (the core of neo-Darwinism) is unfalsifiable in a strict sense of the term. This, however, does not militate (...)
     
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  29.  9
    Syntacticism Versus Semanticism: Another Attempt at Dissolution. [REVIEW]Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. Steen - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):33-41.
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  30.  16
    Boekbesprekingen.Wim Weren, P. C. Beentjes, Bart-J. Koet, J. -J. Suurmond, Jan Lambrecht, A. L. H. M. van Wieringen, F. De Meyer, L. Dequeker, M. Poorthuis, B. Dehandschutter, Martin Parmentier, G. Rouwhorst, W. Parmentier, M. Parmentier, Marc Schneiders, A. H. C. van Eijk, Ulrich Hemel, Michel Coune, R. G. W. Huysmans, Michael Kuhn, Marc Steen, M. Kuhn, J. Verhaeghe, H. J. Adriaanse, Ger Groot, H. Bleijendaal, G. Verwey, A. van de Pavert, J. W. Hacking & Marie-José van Bolhuis - 1987 - Bijdragen 48 (1):75-110.
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  31.  6
    Transcendenz Und Differenz: Ein Beitrag Zum Problem der Ontologischen Differenz Beim Frühen Heidegger. [REVIEW]D. C. J. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):367-367.
    The present volume is one of the few recent works to devote its attention to the "early" Heidegger, yet it contributes significantly to our understanding of Heidegger's later development. "Transcendence" means crossing beyond the being to the horizon within which the being appears. The "transcendental" make-up of Dasein, which is the power of Dasein to make this crossing, is the principal theme of Kant und das Problem der Metaphysik and Vom Wesen des Grundes. "Difference" is the "ontological difference" between Being (...)
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  32.  5
    Stimmung Und Transzendenz: Die Antizipation der Existenzialanalytischen Stimmungsproblematik Bei Ignatius von Loyola. [REVIEW]D. C. J. - 1972 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (4):748-749.
    In Being and Time and What is Metaphysics? Heidegger made a revolutionary use of the "mood". He said that the mood, and in particular the mood of Anxiety, had ontological significance. Not only is the mood nothing merely "subjective," but it has significance for the understanding of universal being itself. Anxiety is a "moodful experience of Being," a mood in which not one thing or a few things, but the very Being of beings itself, is illuminated and brought into view (...)
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  33. W.J. Van Der Steen And P.J. Thung, Faces Of Medicine. [REVIEW]Barry Hoffmaster - 1989 - Philosophy in Review 9:341-344.
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  34.  29
    Der Identitätsgedanke Bei Feuerbach Und Marx. [REVIEW]M. W. J. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (2):341-341.
    Dicke discusses the metamorphosis of Hegelianism in Feuerbach and Marx through an examination of the concept of identity in the three philosophers. He demonstrates the persistence of this concept as a decisive theme in both Feuerbach and Marx, and shows how Hegel's doctrine of identity is transformed and adulterated in the process of adaptation. A primary consequence of Marx's modification of this doctrine is the philosophical sacrifice of the individual to the collective, which has its practical consequences in contemporary communist (...)
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  35.  17
    Handelnder Mensch Und Objektiver Geist. Zur Theorie der Geistes- Und Sozialwissenschaften Bei Wilhelm Dilthey. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1977 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (4):764-766.
    Since 1968 there has been a renewal of interest in Dilthey which has revealed new facets of his work and shown the need for a fundamental revision of the prevailing general conception of Dilthey. In 1968 Peter Krausser, in Kritik der endlichen Vernunft. Diltheys Revolution der allgemeinen Wissenschafts- und Handlungstheorie, brought out the connection between his epistemological and social-hermeneutic concerns by isolating a theory of functional structure running through his work which was seen as an anticipation of a cybernetic approach. (...)
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  36.  18
    Ontologie Und Logistische Analyse der Sprache.J. J. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):178-178.
    An introduction for German readers to the logistic method of treating the problem of universals. The author discusses the theories of Russell, Wittgenstein, Carnap, Lesniewski, Quine and Goodman, with the principle purpose of convincing readers who may have been prejudiced by the anti-metaphysics of logical positivism that the logical analysis of language can clarify the traditional problems of ontology.—J. J.
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  37.  18
    Edmund Husserls Theorie der Raumkonstitution.J. J. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (2):370-370.
    One of the many recent endeavors to carry phenomenology beyond the programmatic stage, this book makes extensive and illuminating use of unpublished Husserl manuscripts dealing with the constitution of visual and tactile space. It thus illustrates the ways in which detailed phenomenological analyses of the Husserlian variety can help in clarifying certain problems, while ignoring others, such as the perceptual problems of causality, illusions, etc., that are bypassed by the suspension of the "general thesis" of existence. Besides a consideration of (...)
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  38.  13
    Fortschritte Und Ruckschritte der Philosophie.J. J. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (4):806-806.
    Edited from lectures delivered by Nelson in 1919-1926, this book covers the period from Hume, through Kant and Hegel, to Fries. While one way agree with him that a history of philosophy must interpret and judge from explicit presuppositions, not everyone will accept his dialectical method as the only proper one or agree with the conclusions. A very full study of Fries' philosophy is included.--J. J.
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  39.  9
    Grundzüge der Ontologie Sartres in Ihrem Verhältnis Zu Hegels Logik. [REVIEW]M. J. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):304-304.
    Hartmann gives a careful, succinct, clear exposition, and, integral to it, a criticism of the main systematic outlines of Sartre's L'être et le néant. He interprets Sartre as attempting to use a phenomenological base for an "objective" ontology. He suggests that Sartre's highly formal dialectic, unlike its Hegelian model, is external to its "content" of concrete existential insights. The comparisons of the en-soi and pour-soi with Hegel's Sein, Dasein, Fürsichsein, and the more developed Begriff and Geist go far to challenge (...)
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  40.  8
    Ein Mensch Zeugt Einem Menschen: Über den Mißbrauch der Sprachanalyse in der Aristotelesforschung.J. J. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):480-480.
    The first part shows that the contemporary "Sprachanalytische" interpretation of Aristotle is based on neopositivism and therefore distorts Aristotle. The second part uses the frequently recurring "anthropos anthropon genna" formula to show that he held principles to be actual entities constituting the reality of things.--J. J.
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  41.  6
    Sprachphilosophie der Gegenwart: Eine Einführung in Die Europäische Und Amerikanische Sprachphilosophie des 20. Jahrhunderts. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):483-483.
    The greater part of this book consists of a series of general expositions of the works of de Saussure, Ogden and Richards, Whorf, Weisgerber, Mauthner and Wittgenstein. Moore and Russell, Carnap and the Vienna Circle, the Oxford school and other contemporary movements come in for only passing attention. A sizable bibliography provides useful references to German philosophers little known in this country.--J. B. B.
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  42.  4
    Senecas Ansichten von der Verfassung des Staates.Breuer J. - 1903 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 16 (4):515-529.
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  43.  3
    Philosophie der Arithmetik: MIT Erganzenden Texten. [REVIEW]D. C. J. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (1):127-128.
    While this is the most recent volume to appear in the continuing work of a critical edition of Husserl's collected works, it contains Husserl's first published book, The Philosophy of Arithmetic. This is the famous study in which Husserl--under the influence of J. S. Mill and Brentano--undertook a psychologistic interpretation of the origin and validity of mathematical principles. Under the impulse of Frege's criticism, Husserl came to repudiate this view. Indeed, even without this external impetus, one suspects that the dynamics (...)
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  44.  9
    Wim J.C. Weren, Studies in Matthew’s Gospel: Literary Design, Intertextuality, and Social Setting.Dirk Van der Merwe - 2015 - Hts Theological Studies 71 (3).
    This article summarises and comments on the book Studies in Matthew’s Gospel: Literary design, intertextuality, and social setting, by Wim Weren, published during 2014. The essence of this book is all about meaning: the meaning of a structure, texts, and consequently the understanding of the Gospel of Matthew. For Weren, ‘Meaning is the result of the interplay between a textual unit and such other factors as language, literary context, and cultural setting’. This relates to the three parts of the content (...)
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  45. Laws and Natural History in Biology.Wim J. van der Steen & Harmke Kamminga - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4):445-467.
  46.  13
    Towards Disciplinary Disintegration in Biology.Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):259-275.
  47.  27
    Against Generality: Meaning in Genetics and Philosophy.Richard M. Burian, Robert C. Richardson & Wim J. Van der Steen - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (1):1-29.
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  48.  8
    Interdisciplinary Integration in Biology? An Overview.Wim J. van der Steen - 1990 - Acta Biotheoretica 38 (1):23-36.
    Philosophical theories about reduction and integration in science are at variance with what is happenign in science. A realistic approach to science show that possibilities for reduction and integration are limited. The classical ideal of a unified science has since long been rejected in philosophy. But the current emphasis on interdisciplinary integration in philosophy and in science shows that it survives in a different guise. It is necessary to redress the balance, specifically in biology. Methodological analysis shows that many of (...)
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  49.  2
    The Nature of Evolutionary Theory: The Semantic Challenge.Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):1-15.
  50.  20
    A Natural Alliance of Teaching and Philosophy of Science.Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. van der Steen - 1988 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 20 (2):24–32.
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