50 found
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  1. Laws and Natural History in Biology.Wim J. van der Steen & Harmke Kamminga - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4):445-467.
  2.  13
    Towards Disciplinary Disintegration in Biology.Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):259-275.
  3.  27
    Against Generality: Meaning in Genetics and Philosophy.Richard M. Burian, Robert C. Richardson & Wim J. Van der Steen - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (1):1-29.
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  4.  8
    Interdisciplinary Integration in Biology? An Overview.Wim J. van der Steen - 1990 - Acta Biotheoretica 38 (1):23-36.
    Philosophical theories about reduction and integration in science are at variance with what is happenign in science. A realistic approach to science show that possibilities for reduction and integration are limited. The classical ideal of a unified science has since long been rejected in philosophy. But the current emphasis on interdisciplinary integration in philosophy and in science shows that it survives in a different guise. It is necessary to redress the balance, specifically in biology. Methodological analysis shows that many of (...)
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  5.  2
    The Nature of Evolutionary Theory: The Semantic Challenge.Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):1-15.
  6.  20
    A Natural Alliance of Teaching and Philosophy of Science.Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. van der Steen - 1988 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 20 (2):24–32.
  7. Faces of Medicine a Philosophical Study.Wim J. van der Steen & P. J. Thung (eds.) - 1988 - KLUWER.
    The book aims to develop a new approach to philosophy of medicine. Much attention is paid to the relative merits of philosophical analysis in the Anglo-Saxon tradition, and phenomenology. Themes considered are cultural bias in philosophy of medicine, regular versus alternative medicine, concepts of health and disease, and the mind-body problem.
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  8. Egoism and Altruism in Ethics: Dispensing with Spurious Generality. [REVIEW]Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1995 - Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (1):31-44.
    Is human behavior exclusively motivated by self-interest? Common sense indicates that we should flatly deny this, or so it seems to me. Yet the doctrine of universal self-interest, psychological egoism for short, has gained the support of many researchers in science. Common sense also seems to allow the rejection of ethical egoism, the doctrine that human behavior should be motivated exclusively by self-interest. It appears to be at variance with widely endorsed moralities. Yet it is a perennial subject of research (...)
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  9.  6
    Mere Generality is Not Enough.Wim J. Van Der Steen & Peter B. Sloep - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):217-219.
  10. Reasoning in Ethics and Law the Role of Theory, Principles and Facts.A. W. Musschenga & Wim J. van der Steen - 1999
     
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  11. Discussion: Screening-Off and Natural Selection.Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (1):115-121.
  12.  68
    Letter to the Editor.Wim J. Van Der Steen & R. M. - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):367-367.
  13.  11
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology II. Appraisal of Arguments Against Adaptationism.Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1983 - Acta Biotheoretica 32 (3):217-222.
    Methodological analysis shows that the concepts of fitness and adaptation are more complex than the literature suggests. Various arguments against ‘adaptationism’ are inadequate since they are couched in terms of unduly simplistic notions.
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  14.  8
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology IV. Stress and Stress Tolerance, an Excercise in Definitions.Wim J. Van der Steen & Martin Scholten - 1985 - Acta Biotheoretica 34 (1):81-90.
    Grime in a recently developed theory distinguished three basic plant strategies: stress tolerance,ruderality and competition. He relates them to environments characterized in terms of stress and disturbance. Classifications of strategies and environments both are ultimately defined in terms of production. This tends to make the theory tautological. If the theory is to make sense, environments had better be defined in independent terms.
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  15.  7
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology VII. The Species Plague.Wim J. van der Steen & Bart Voorzanger - 1986 - Acta Biotheoretica 35 (3):205-221.
    Various philosophers and evolutionary biologists have recently defended the thesis that species are individuals rather than sets. A decade of debates, however, did not suffice to settle the matter. Conceptual analysis shows that many of the key terms involved are ambiguous. Current disagreements should dissolve once this is recognized. Explication of the concepts involved leads to new programs for philosophical research. It could also help biology by showing how extant controversies concerning evolution may have conceptual rather than factual roots.
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  16.  34
    The Demise of Monism and Pluralism in Environmental Ethics.Wim J. van der Steen - 1995 - Environmental Ethics 17 (2):209-220.
    Peter Wenz has recently distinguished various forms of moral pluralism in an effort to dissolve the controversy over monism and pluralism. I argue that the distinctions are not really helpful once the methodology and the substance of science are brought to bear on ethics. Theories in ethics and science alike are subject to context-dependent methodological trade-offs. Hence, the category of theories should be heterogeneous. Monism and pluralism are at cross-purposes since they endorse different unanalyzed notions of theory. Awareness of heterogeneity (...)
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  17.  35
    Niche Construction: A Pervasive Force in Evolution?Wim J. van der Steen - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):162-163.
    Industrial melanism, according to the traditional explanation, amounts to niche construction since it involves changes in predation pressure. Indeed, it would be difficult to imagine selection without niche construction. This cannot be what Laland, Odling-Smee & Feldman mean. They offer convincing examples, but they should provide a better definition of “niche construction” to indicate how their view supplements traditional evolutionary biology.
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  18.  5
    New Ways to Look at Fitness.Wim J. Van der Steen - 1993 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):479-492.
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  19.  21
    Assessing Overmedication: Biology, Philosophy and Common Sense.Wim J. van der Steen - 2003 - Acta Biotheoretica 51 (3):151-171.
    Overmedication is nowadays a serious problem in health care due to influences from the pharmaceutical industry and agencies responsible for regulation. The situation has indeed become appalling in psychiatry, where both theories and treatments have deteriorated under the impact of the industry. The overmedication problem is associated with biased biology in medicine. Adequate biological approaches would indicate that drug therapies must yield to diet therapies, particularly treatments involving omega-3 fatty acids, in many cases. To the extent that philosophy of science (...)
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  20.  22
    Screening-Off and Natural Selection.J. Van Der Steen Wim - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (1):115-121.
    Sober and Brandon et al. disagree about the role of screening-off in the appraisal of theories of natural selection. Some problems disregarded by them are unearthed in this discussion note.
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  21.  21
    Drugs Versus Diets: Disillusions with Dutch Health Care.Wim J. van der Steen & Vincent K. Y. Ho - 2001 - Acta Biotheoretica 49 (2):125-140.
    Biology incorporated into other disciplines is often distorted, alarmingly so in some areas of medicine. Together with other forms of bias, this may have detrimental effects for patients depending on medical research for their health. A case study concerning omeprazole (Losec), one of the acid-suppressive drugs against gastric ulcers, and NSAIDs, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, confirms that distorted biology together with biased health care policies foster disasters in current biomedicine and medical practice. In our country, The Netherlands, omeprazole is presumably the (...)
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  22. Biological Thinking in Evolutionary Psychology: Rockbottom or Quicksand?Huib de JongLooren & Wim J. van der Steen - 1998 - Philosophical Psychology 11 (2):183-205.
     
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  23.  22
    Bias in Behaviour Genetics: An Ecological Perspective.Wim J. van der Steen - 1998 - Acta Biotheoretica 46 (4):369-377.
    Research in behaviour genetics uncovers causes of behaviour at the population level. For inferences about individuals we also need to know how genes and the environment affect phenotypes. Behaviour genetics fosters a biased view of individual behaviour since it identifies the environment with psychosocial factors and disregards ecology.
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  24.  2
    Facts, Values, and Methodology: A New Approach to Ethics.Wim J. van der Steen (ed.) - 1995 - Rodopi.
    Science is not value-free and ethics is not fact-free. Science and ethics should be similar, but they are not. The author indicates how research in ethics is to change in the face of this. Ethicists should accommodate empirical work in their programs and they should take heed of methodologies developed in science and philosophy of science. They should abandon the search for a single overarching theory of morality. Controversies in ethics are often spurious for lack of articulate methodological key concepts. (...)
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  25.  14
    Compathy or Physical Empathy: Implications for the Caregiver Relationship.Janice M. Morse, Carl Mitcham & Wim J. van Der Steen - 1998 - Journal of Medical Humanities 19 (1):51-65.
    In this article a case is made for the importance of a previously overlooked phenomenon, physical empathy orcompathy,defined as the physical manifestation of caregiver distress that occurs in the presence of a patient in physical pain or distress. According to the similarity of a caregiver's response to the original symptoms, there can be four types of compathetic response: identical, initiated, transferred, and converted. Controlling for the compathetic response may involve narrowing one's focus and/or changing caregiver attitudes. Finally, we argue that (...)
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  26.  11
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology.Patsy Haccou & Wim J. van der Steen - 1992 - Acta Biotheoretica 40 (4):285-295.
    One of the major criticisms of optimal foraging theory is that it is not testable. In discussions of this criticism opposing parties have confused methodological concepts and used meaningless biological concepts. In this paper we discuss such misunderstandings and show that OFr has an empirically testable, and even well-confirmed, general core theory. One of our main conclusions is that specific model testing should not be aimed at ‘proving’ optimality, but rather at identifying the context in which certain types of behaviour (...)
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  27. With Commentary.Wim J. van der Steen - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):217.
  28.  8
    A Practical Philosophy for the Life Sciences.Wim J. van der Steen - 1993 - State University of New York Press.
    Offers a practical philosophy of the life sciences, showing how scientific reasoning can, in limited contexts, be translated into the language of philosophy, and how science can correct the philosophy of science.
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  29.  22
    Natural Selection as Natural History.Wim J. van der Steen - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):41-44.
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  30.  48
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. XII. Against Evolutionary Ethics.Wim J. van der Steen - 1999 - Acta Biotheoretica 47 (1):41-57.
    Evolutionary ethics has recently become popular again. Some of its representatives elaborate new attempts to derive ethics from evolutionary biology. The attempts, like previous ones, fail because they commit the naturalistic fallacy. Premises from evolutionary biology together with normative premises also do not justify ethical principles. Other representatives argue that evolutionary considerations imply that ethics cannot be justified at all. Their arguments presuppose an unacceptable form of foundationalism. In principle, evolutionary biology might explain some aspects of morality, but in practice (...)
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  31.  4
    Syntacticism Versus Semanticism: Another Attempt at Dissolution.Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. van der Steen - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):33-41.
  32.  13
    Forging Links Between Philosophy, Ethics, and the Life Sciences: A Tale of Disciplines and Trenches.Wim J. Van der Steen - 1998 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (2):233-248.
    Philosophy of medicine and its daughter bioethics seldom undertake a critical analysis of live medical science. That is a serious shortcoming since some forms of bias in medical science have a negative impact on health care. Most notably, many areas of medicine focus on a restricted area of biology to the exclusion of ecology. Ecological thinking should lead to fundamental changes in medicine and the philosophy of medicine.
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  33.  6
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology I. Testability and Tautologies.Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1983 - Acta Biotheoretica 32 (3):207-215.
    The impact of philosophy of science on biology is slight. Evolutionary biology, however, is nowadays an exception. The status of the neo-Darwinian theory of evolution is seriously challenged from a methodological perspective. However, the methodology used in the relevant discussions is plainly defective. A correct application of methodology to evolutionary theory leads to the following conclusions. The theory of natural selection is unfalsifiable in a strict sense of the term. This, however, does not militate against the theory, because no scientific (...)
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  34.  17
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology III. Selection and Levels of Organization.Wim J. Van Der Steen & Bart Voorzanger - 1984 - Acta Biotheoretica 33 (3):199-213.
    Apparently factual disagreement on the level at which selection operates often results from different interpretations of the term “selection”. Attempts to resolve terminological problems must come to grips with a dilemma: a narrow interpretation of “selection” may lead to a restricted view on evolution; a broader, less precise, definition may wrongly suggest that “selection” is the centre of a unified, integrated theory of evolution. Different concepts of selection, therefore, should carefully be kept apart.
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  35.  38
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. XIII. Evolution and Knowledge.Wim J. van der Steen - 2000 - Acta Biotheoretica 48 (1):73-84.
    Evolutionary epistemologists aim to explain the evolution of cognitive capacities underlying human knowledge and also the processes that generate knowledge, for example in science. There can be no doubt that our cognitive capacities are due in part to our evolutionary heritage. But this is an uninformative thesis. All features of organism have indeed been shaped by evolution. A substantive evolutionary explanation of cognition would have to provide details about the evolutionary processes involved. Evolutionary epistemology has not provided any details. Considering (...)
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  36.  29
    Evolution and Altruism.Wim J. van der Steen - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (1):11-29.
  37.  25
    Philosophy of Biology, Faithful or Useful?Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. van der Steen - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):93-98.
  38.  10
    Ethics, Animals and the Environment: A Review of Recent Books. [REVIEW]Wim J. van der Steen - 1992 - Acta Biotheoretica 40 (4):339-347.
    Animal liberation ethics and environmental ethics have recently come of age. Concerning concrete moral rules considered by researchers in these areas there is much consensus. Highly general theories formulated to justify the rules are more problematic. However, the search for such theories may well be misguided.
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  39.  10
    Science, Religion, and Experience.Wim J. Van Der Steen - 2000 - International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (159):339-349.
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  40.  7
    The Demise of Monism and Pluralism in Environmental Ethics.Wim J. van der Steen - 1995 - Environmental Ethics 17 (2):209-220.
    Peter Wenz has recently distinguished various forms of moral pluralism in an effort to dissolve the controversy over monism and pluralism. I argue that the distinctions are not really helpful once the methodology and the substance of science are brought to bear on ethics. Theories in ethics and science alike are subject to context-dependent methodological trade-offs. Hence, the category of theories should be heterogeneous. Monism and pluralism are at cross-purposes since they endorse different unanalyzed notions of theory. Awareness of heterogeneity (...)
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  41.  21
    Diets and Circadian Rhythms: Challenges From Biology for Medicine.Wim J. van der Steen & Vincent K. Y. Ho - 2006 - Acta Biotheoretica 54 (4):267-275.
    Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and gastrointestinal disorders such as stomach ulcers are often treated with drugs. NSAIDs, a common treatment in rheumatoid arthritis, may cause stomach ulcers which call for additional medications, notably antacids in the sense of drugs that suppress acid secretion by the stomach. Infection with Helicobacter pylori also plays a role in the ulcers. The infection is typically treated with antibiotics added to antacids. Considering NSAIDs and antacids, we suspect that overmedication is common to the (...)
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  42.  18
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. XI. Optimal Foraging Theory Revisited.Wim J. van der Steen - 1998 - Acta Biotheoretica 46 (4):321-336.
    Optimality theory, particularly optimal foraging theory (OFT), has spurned controversy over decades. I argue that the controversy results from conceptual pitfalls. The focus in this article is on pitfalls underlying the concept of constraint. Constraints in OFT models are a means to distinguish between possible and impossible behaviours. I argue that the seemingly innocuous notion of (im)possibility is tricky. It is indeed linked here with troublesome philosophical problems concerning free will. To steer away from such problems in OFT, we need (...)
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  43.  20
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. X. Natural Selection Without Selective Agents.Wim J. van der Steen - 1998 - Acta Biotheoretica 46 (2):99-107.
    On a common view of evolution, natural selection is the major force that produces evolutionary change. Selection is thought to operate on different types (genotypes or phenotypes) in populations so as to generate differential reproductive survival of these types. This should engender changes in population composition. The conception of selection as a "force" should be considered as a convenient shorthand that easily misleads us. Selection is not a factor over and above items such as temperature regimes, predators, and so forth. (...)
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  44.  17
    Dissolving the Elusiveness of Altruism.Wim J. van der Steen - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):277-278.
    Rachlin provides an impressive integrative view of altruism and selfishness that helps us correct older views. He presents a highly general theory, even though he is aware of context-dependence of key notions, including altruism. The context-dependence should extend much farther than Rachlin allows it to go. We had better replace theoretical notions of altruism and selfishness by common sense.
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  45.  7
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology VI. The Force of Evolutionary Epistemology.Wim J. van der Steen - 1986 - Acta Biotheoretica 35 (3):193-204.
    Evolutionary epistemology takes various forms. As a philosophical discipline, it may use analogies by borrowing concepts from evolutionary biology to establish new foundations. This is not a very successful enterprise because the analogies involved are so weak that they hardly have explanatory force. It may also veil itself with the garbs of biology. Proponents of this strategy have only produced irrelevant theories by transforming epistemology's concepts beyond recognition. Sensible theories about “knowledge and biology” should presuppose that various long-standing problems concerning (...)
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  46.  4
    Additional Notes on Integration.Wim J. van der Steen - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):349.
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  47.  5
    Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology V. The Import of Supervenience.Wim J. van der Steen - 1986 - Acta Biotheoretica 35 (3):185-191.
    Rosenberg has rightly argued that fitness is supervenient. But he has wrongly assumed that this makes “The fittest survive” nontautologous. Supervenience makes strict reduction impossible. It sheds light on disputes concerning the testability of evolutionary theory.
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  48.  2
    Toward a Practicable Methodology for Medicine: The Impact of Conceptual Analysis.Wim J. van der Steen - 1993 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 36 (4):580-591.
  49.  1
    Science, Religion, and Experience.Wim J. van der Steen - 2000 - International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (3):339-349.
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  50. Beyond Boundaries of Biomedicine Pragmatic Perspectives on Health and Disease.Wim J. van der Steen, Vincent K. Y. Ho & Ferry J. Karmelk - 2003