Results for 'Winifred P. Adams'

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  1. Individual Members 2009.Martın Abadi, Yoshihiro Abe, Andreas Abel, Francine F. Abeles, Andrew Aberdein, J. David Abernethy, Nate Ackerman, Bryant Adams, Winifred P. Adams & Klaus T. Aehlig - 2009 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 15 (4).
  2. Studies in the Problem of Norms. By A. P. Brogan.George P. Adams - 1926 - Ethics 37:314.
     
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  3.  29
    Some Observations on the Problems of Grading Examinations with Several Components: A Reply to P. J. Squire.Roger J. L. Murphy & Robert M. Adams - 1979 - Educational Studies 5 (3):225-230.
    (1979). Some Observations on the Problems of Grading Examinations with Several Components: a reply to P. J. Squire. Educational Studies: Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 225-230.
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  4.  42
    R. K Atzoff with Y. P Etroff , D. S Chaps (Edd.): Classical Studies in Honor of David Sohlberg . Pp. IX + 510, Ills. Ramat Gan: Bar-Ilan University, 1996. Isbn: 965-226-182-. [REVIEW]Colin Adams - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (1):315-316.
  5.  10
    L. Callebat, P. Bouet, P. Fleury, M. Zuinghedau: Vitruve, De Architectura: Concordance. 2 Vols. Pp. Lxxxi + 662; 663–1383; ‘Relevés Grammaticaux’ at End Not Numbered. Hildesheim, Zurich, New York: Olms–Weidmann, 1984. DM. 396. [REVIEW]J. N. Adams - 1985 - The Classical Review 35 (1):191-191.
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  6.  22
    La Passion Provençale du Manuscrit Didot. W. P. Shepard.Edward L. Adams - 1930 - Speculum 5 (1):123-126.
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  7.  34
    Bodleian Papyri R. P. Salomons (ed.): Papyri Bodleianae I . (Studia Amstelodamensia ad Epigraphicam, Ius Antiquum et Papyrologicam pertinentia, 34.) Pp. xxi + 398, 73 pls. Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben, 1996. Hfl. 340. ISBN: 90-5063-035-. [REVIEW]Colin Adams - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (01):237-.
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  8.  29
    L. Callebat, P. Bouet, P. Fleury, M. Zuinghedau: Vitruve, De Architectura: Concordance. (Documentation Bibliographique, Lexicale Et Grammaticale.) 2 Vols. Pp. Lxxxi + 662; 663–1383; 'Relevés Grammaticaux' at End Not Numbered. Hildesheim, Zurich, New York: Olms–Weidmann, 1984. DM. 396. [REVIEW]J. N. Adams - 1985 - The Classical Review 35 (01):191-.
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  9.  8
    Religion, Politics, and Society in Sixteenth-Century England. By (Eds) Ian Archer, Simon Adams Et Al.R. P. - 2008 - Heythrop Journal 49 (1):172–172.
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  10.  15
    Intergroup Cooperation in Common Pool Resource Dilemmas.Jathan Sadowski, Susan G. Spierre, Evan Selinger, Thomas P. Seager, Elizabeth A. Adams & Andrew Berardy - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1197-1215.
    Fundamental problems of environmental sustainability, including climate change and fisheries management, require collective action on a scale that transcends the political and cultural boundaries of the nation-state. Rational, self-interested neoclassical economic theories of human behavior predict tragedy in the absence of third party enforcement of agreements and practical difficulties that prevent privatization. Evolutionary biology offers a theory of cooperation, but more often than not in a context of discrimination against other groups. That is, in-group boundaries are necessarily defined by those (...)
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  11.  36
    Public and Private Health Insurance Premiums: How Do They Affect the Health Insurance Status of Low-Income Adults? Childless.Gery P. Guy, E. Kathleen Adams & Adam Atherly - 2012 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 49 (1):52-64.
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  12.  6
    Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture.Bernard Sergent, J. P. Mallory & D. Q. Adams - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (3):491.
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  13.  17
    Armageddon 95 Arndt, W. 61 Attridge, H. 79 Auden, WH 162 Augustine 39, 125, 128, 267.P. Abelard, M. Adams, J. Adderley, African Traditional Religion, T. Agbola, B. Aland, C. Alexander, G. Alföldy, M. Althaus-Reid & T. Altizer - 2012 - In Zoë Bennett & David B. Gowler (eds.), Radical Christian Voices and Practice: Essays in Honour of Christopher Rowland. Oxford University Press. pp. 297.
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  14.  6
    Neonatal Nurses’ Response to a Hypothetical Premature Birth Situation.J. Green, P. Darbyshire, A. Adams & D. Jackson - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301667787.
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  15.  84
    In Defense of Exclusionary Reasons.N. P. Adams - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-19.
    Exclusionary defeat is Joseph Raz’s proposal for understanding the more complex, layered structure of practical reasoning. Exclusionary reasons are widely appealed to in legal theory and consistently arise in many other areas of philosophy. They have also been subject to a variety of challenges. I propose a new account of exclusionary reasons based on their justificatory role, rejecting Raz’s motivational account and especially contrasting exclusion with undercutting defeat. I explain the appeal and coherence of exclusionary reasons by appeal to commonsense (...)
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  16. Uncivil Disobedience: Political Commitment and Violence.N. P. Adams - 2018 - Res Publica 24 (4):475-491.
    Standard accounts of civil disobedience include nonviolence as a necessary condition. Here I argue that such accounts are mistaken and that civil disobedience can include violence in many aspects, primarily excepting violence directed at other persons. I base this argument on a novel understanding of civil disobedience: the special character of the practice comes from its combination of condemnation of a political practice with an expressed commitment to the political. The commitment to the political is a commitment to engaging with (...)
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  17. Institutional Legitimacy.N. P. Adams - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy:84-102.
    Political legitimacy is best understood as one type of a broader notion, which I call institutional legitimacy. An institution is legitimate in my sense when it has the right to function. The right to function correlates to a duty of non-interference. Understanding legitimacy in this way favorably contrasts with legitimacy understood in the traditional way, as the right to rule correlating to a duty of obedience. It helps unify our discourses of legitimacy across a wider range of practices, especially including (...)
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  18. Empirical Evidence and the Knowledge-That/Knowledge-How Distinction.Marcus P. Adams - 2009 - Synthese 170 (1):97-114.
    In this article I have two primary goals. First, I present two recent views on the distinction between knowledge-that and knowledge-how (Stanley and Williamson, The Journal of Philosophy 98(8):411–444, 2001; Hetherington, Epistemology futures, 2006). I contend that neither of these provides conclusive arguments against the distinction. Second, I discuss studies from neuroscience and experimental psychology that relate to this distinction. Having examined these studies, I then defend a third view that explains certain relevant data from these studies by positing the (...)
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  19. Legitimacy and Institutional Purpose.N. P. Adams - 2020 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 23 (3):292-310.
    Institutions undertake a huge variety of constitutive purposes. One of the roles of legitimacy is to protect and promote an institution’s pursuit of its purpose; state legitimacy is generally understood as the right to rule, for example. When considering legitimacy beyond the state, we have to take account of how differences in purposes change legitimacy. I focus in particular on how differences in purpose matter for the stringency of the standards that an institution must meet in order to be legitimate. (...)
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  20. Hobbes on Natural Philosophy as "True Physics" and Mixed Mathematics.Marcus P. Adams - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:43-51.
    I offer an alternative account of the relationship of Hobbesian geometry to natural philosophy by arguing that mixed mathematics provided Hobbes with a model for thinking about it. In mixed mathematics, one may borrow causal principles from one science and use them in another science without there being a deductive relationship between those two sciences. Natural philosophy for Hobbes is mixed because an explanation may combine observations from experience (the ‘that’) with causal principles from geometry (the ‘why’). My argument shows (...)
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  21. The Relational Conception of Practical Authority.N. P. Adams - 2018 - Law and Philosophy 37 (5):549-575.
    I argue for a new conception of practical authority based on an analysis of the relationship between authority and subject. Commands entail a demand for practical deference, which establishes a relationship of hierarchy and vulnerability that involves a variety of signals and commitments. In order for these signals and commitments to be justified, the subject must be under a preexisting duty, the authority’s commands must take precedence over the subject’s judgment regarding fulfillment of that duty, the authority must accept the (...)
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  22. Hobbes, Definitions, and Simplest Conceptions.Marcus P. Adams - 2014 - Hobbes Studies 27 (1):35-60.
    Several recent commentators argue that Thomas Hobbes’s account of the nature of science is conventionalist. Engaging in scientific practice on a conventionalist account is more a matter of making sure one connects one term to another properly rather than checking one’s claims, e.g., by experiment. In this paper, I argue that the conventionalist interpretation of Hobbesian science accords neither with Hobbes’s theoretical account in De corpore and Leviathan nor with Hobbes’s scientific practice in De homine and elsewhere. Closely tied to (...)
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  23. Hobbes's Laws of Nature in Leviathan as a Synthetic Demonstration: Thought Experiments and Knowing the Causes.Marcus P. Adams - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19.
    The status of the laws of nature in Hobbes’s Leviathan has been a continual point of disagreement among scholars. Many agree that since Hobbes claims that civil philosophy is a science, the answer lies in an understanding of the nature of Hobbesian science more generally. In this paper, I argue that Hobbes’s view of the construction of geometrical figures sheds light upon the status of the laws of nature. In short, I claim that the laws play the same role as (...)
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  24. In Defense of Content-Independence.N. P. Adams - 2017 - Legal Theory 23 (3):143-167.
    Discussions of political obligation and political authority have long focused on the idea that the commands of genuine authorities constitute content-independent reasons. Despite its centrality in these debates, the notion of content-independence is unclear and controversial, with some claiming that it is incoherent, useless, or increasingly irrelevant. I clarify content-independence by focusing on how reasons can depend on features of their source or container. I then solve the long-standing puzzle of whether the fact that laws can constitute content-independent reasons is (...)
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  25. The Concept of Legitimacy.N. P. Adams - manuscript
  26. The Wax and the Mechanical Mind: Reexamining Hobbes's Objections to Descartes's Meditations.Marcus P. Adams - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (3):403-424.
    Many critics, Descartes himself included, have seen Hobbes as uncharitable or even incoherent in his Objections to the Meditations on First Philosophy. I argue that when understood within the wider context of his views of the late 1630s and early 1640s, Hobbes's Objections are coherent and reflect his goal of providing an epistemology consistent with a mechanical philosophy. I demonstrate the importance of this epistemology for understanding his Fourth Objection concerning the nature of the wax and contend that Hobbes's brief (...)
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  27.  7
    Reconstruction in Philosophy.George P. Adams - 1921 - Philosophical Review 30 (5):519.
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  28. Grounding Procedural Rights.N. P. Adams - 2019 - Legal Theory (1):3-25.
    Contrary to the widely accepted consensus, Christopher Heath Wellman argues that there are no pre-institutional judicial procedural rights. Thus commonly affirmed rights like the right to a fair trial cannot be assumed in the literature on punishment and legal philosophy as they usually are. Wellman canvasses and rejects a variety of grounds proposed for such rights. I answer his skepticism by proposing two novel grounds for procedural rights. First, a general right against unreasonable risk of punishment grounds rights to an (...)
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  29. Visual Perception as Patterning: Cavendish Against Hobbes on Sensation.Marcus P. Adams - 2016 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 33 (3):193-214.
    Many of Margaret Cavendish’s criticisms of Thomas Hobbes in the Philosophical Letters (1664) relate to the disorder and damage that she holds would result if Hobbesian pressure were the cause of visual perception. In this paper, I argue that her “two men” thought experiment in Letter IV is aimed at a different goal: to show the explanatory potency of her account. First, I connect Cavendish’s view of visual perception as “patterning” to the “two men” thought experiment in Letter IV. Second, (...)
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  30.  62
    The 'Patient's Physician One-Step Removed': The Evolving Roles of Medical Tourism Facilitators.J. Snyder, V. A. Crooks, K. Adams, P. Kingsbury & R. Johnston - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (9):530-534.
    Background: Medical tourism involves patients travelling internationally to receive medical services. This practice raises a range of ethical issues, including potential harms to the patient's home and destination country and risks to the patient's own health. Medical tourists often engage the services of a facilitator who may book travel and accommodation and link the patient with a hospital abroad. Facilitators have the potential to exacerbate or mitigate the ethical concerns associated with medical tourism, but their roles are poorly understood. -/- (...)
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  31.  57
    Legitimacy Beyond the State: Institutional Purposes and Contextual Constraints.N. P. Adams, Antoinette Scherz & Cord Schmelzle - 2020 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:281-291.
    The essays collected in this special issue explore what legitimacy means for actors and institutions that do not function like traditional states but nevertheless wield significant power in the global realm. They are connected by the idea that the specific purposes of non-state actors and the contexts in which they operate shape what it means for them to be legitimate and so shape the standards of justification that they have to meet. In this introduction, we develop this guiding methodology further (...)
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  32. Demarcating Aristotelian Rhetoric: Rhetoric, the Subalternate Sciences, and Boundary Crossing.Marcus P. Adams - 2015 - Apeiron 48 (1):99-122.
    The ways in which the Aristotelian sciences are related to each other has been discussed in the literature, with some focus on the subalternate sciences. While it is acknowledged that Aristotle, and Plato as well, was concerned as well with how the arts were related to one another, less attention has been paid to Aristotle's views on relationships among the arts. In this paper, I argue that Aristotle's account of the subalternate sciences helps shed light on how Aristotle saw the (...)
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  33. Modularity, Theory of Mind, and Autism Spectrum Disorder.Marcus P. Adams - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):763-773.
    The theory of mind (ToM) deficit associated with autism spectrum disorder has been a central topic in the debate about the modularity of the mind. In a series of papers, Philip Gerrans and Valerie Stone argue that positing a ToM module does not best explain the deficits exhibited by individuals with autism (Gerrans 2002; Stone & Gerrans 2006a, 2006b; Gerrans & Stone 2008). In this paper, I first criticize Gerrans and Stone’s (2008) account. Second, I discuss various studies of individuals (...)
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  34. Explaining the Theory of Mind Deficit in Autism Spectrum Disorder.Marcus P. Adams - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (1):233-249.
    The theory of mind (ToM) deficit associated with autism has been a central topic in the debate about the modularity of the mind. Most involved in the debate about the explanation of the ToM deficit have failed to notice that autism’s status as a spectrum disorder has implications about which explanation is more plausible. In this paper, I argue that the shift from viewing autism as a unified syndrome to a spectrum disorder increases the plausibility of the explanation of the (...)
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  35.  30
    Authority, Illocutionary Accommodation, and Social Accommodation.N. P. Adams - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-14.
    By appeal to the phenomenon of presupposition accommodation, Rae Langton and others have proposed that speakers can gain genuine authority over their audiences when they implicitly claim such authority and the audience accommodates them. I address this argument in two ways. First, I explain where and why we should expect authority within particular conventional practices to be able to be gained by accommodation, considering the balance of values and norms that authority claims implicate. Second, I argue that audiences will often (...)
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  36. New Books. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor, John Adams, P. E. Winter, F. C. S. Schiller, M. L., S. R., J. Waterlow, Francis Jones, B. Russell, E. M. Smith & A. D. Lindsay - 1910 - Mind 19 (75):422-442.
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  37.  35
    The Ethics of Organ Tourism: Role Morality and Organ Transplantation.Marcus P. Adams - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (6):670-689.
    Organ tourism occurs when individuals in countries with existing organ transplant procedures, such as the United States, are unable to procure an organ by using those transplant procedures in enough time to save their life. In this paper, I am concerned with the following question: When organ tourists return to the United States and need another transplant, do US transplant physicians have an obligation to place them on a transplant list? I argue that transplant physicians have a duty not to (...)
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  38. Natural Philosophy, Deduction, and Geometry in the Hobbes-Boyle Debate.Marcus P. Adams - 2017 - Hobbes Studies 30 (1):83-107.
    This paper examines Hobbes’s criticisms of Robert Boyle’s air-pump experiments in light of Hobbes’s account in _De Corpore_ and _De Homine_ of the relationship of natural philosophy to geometry. I argue that Hobbes’s criticisms rely upon his understanding of what counts as “true physics.” Instead of seeing Hobbes as defending natural philosophy as “a causal enterprise … [that] as such, secured total and irrevocable assent,” 1 I argue that, in his disagreement with Boyle, Hobbes relied upon his understanding of natural (...)
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  39.  72
    On the Uncertainties Transmitted From Premises to Conclusions in Deductive Inferences.Ernest W. Adams & Howard P. Levine - 1975 - Synthese 30 (3-4):429 - 460.
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  40.  4
    Experience and Nature.George P. Adams - 1926 - International Journal of Ethics 36 (2):201-205.
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  41.  20
    Conscience and Conflict.Marcus P. Adams - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):28 – 29.
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  42.  2
    Interpreting Hobbes’s Political Philosophy, Edited by Lloyd, S.A.Marcus P. Adams - 2020 - Hobbes Studies 33 (1):93-97.
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  43.  27
    Are Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors Coupled to G Proteins?Nadine Kabbani, Jacob C. Nordman, Brian A. Corgiat, Daniel P. Veltri, Amarda Shehu, Victoria A. Seymour, David J. Adams, Zeljko Durdevic, Matthias Schaefer & Ron Milo - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (12):1025-1034.
  44.  32
    Are Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors Coupled to G Proteins?Nadine Kabbani, Jacob C. Nordman, Brian A. Corgiat, Daniel P. Veltri, Amarda Shehu, Victoria A. Seymour & David J. Adams - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (12):1025-1034.
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  45.  16
    Dual Agency and Role Morality.Marcus P. Adams - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (9):44-45.
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  46. Hobbes: From Human Nature.Marcus P. Adams - 2011 - Philosophical Forum 42 (3):294-295.
  47.  4
    Philosophy and Civilization.George P. Adams - 1934 - International Journal of Ethics 44 (2):269-270.
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  48.  9
    The Social Responsibilities of Science in Utopia, New Atlantis and After.Robert P. Adams - 1949 - Journal of the History of Ideas 10 (1/4):374.
  49.  46
    The Houseman and the Dying Patient.G. P. Adams & M. Cook - 1981 - Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (3):142-145.
  50. Individual Members 2010.Martın Abadi, Yoshihiro Abe, Andreas Abel, Francine F. Abeles, Andrew Aberdein, J. David Abernethy, Kuanysh Abeshev, Nate Ackerman, Winfred P. Adams & Miloš Adzic - 2010 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 16 (4).
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