Results for 'Wolfgang Schad'

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  1.  30
    Heterochronical Patterns of Evolution in the Transitional Stages of Vertebrate Classes.Wolfgang Schad - 1993 - Acta Biotheoretica 41 (4):383-389.
    Transitional forms of the recent classes of vertebrates are only known in paleontology. The well described examples are:Eusthenopteron foordi,Ichthyostega andAcanthostega between Osteichthyes and Amphibia,Seymouria baylorensis between Amphibia and Reptilia,Archaeopteryx lithographica between Reptilia and Aves, and the mammal-like reptiles Pelycosauria, Therapsida and Cynodontia between Reptilia and Mammalia. The description of their phylogenetical heterochronies in terms of peramorphosis and paedomorphosis shows the progressive role of the motorial, especially the locomotorial organ systems and their functions in comparison with the retarded evolution of the (...)
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  2. Evolution Als Verständnisprinzip: In Kosmos, Mensch Und Natur.Wolfgang Schad, Ruth Ewertowski & Jörg Ewertowski (eds.) - 2009 - Verlag Freies Geistesleben.
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  3.  25
    Goethes Mitwirkung bei der Besetzung akademischer Positionen in Russland.Ingrid Kästner - 2001 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 9 (2):105-117.
    When in 1801, after the assassination of Paul I., the more liberal Alexander I. became Czar, he began to reorganize the educational system in Russia. He founded a Ministry for People’s Englightenment , re-opened the University of Dorpat (in 1802), planned to restore the University of Wilna and made preparations for the foundation of new universities in Kazan, Charkov, St. Petersburg, Kiev, Tobol’sk, and Ustiug-Velikii. One of the mediating personalities involved in the negotiations about German professors for Russia was Johann (...)
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  4.  40
    Your Mind Wanders Weakly, Your Mind Wanders Deeply: Objective Measures Reveal Mindless Reading at Different Levels.Daniel J. Schad, Antje Nuthmann & Ralf Engbert - 2012 - Cognition 125 (2):179-194.
  5.  13
    Ergänzende Veröffentlichungen von Wolfgang Welsch zum Thema Postmoderne.Wolfgang Welsch - 2008 - In Unsere Postmoderne Moderne. Akademie Verlag. pp. 329-330.
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  6.  11
    Life After Theory.Michael Payne & John Schad (eds.) - 2003 - Continuum.
    Is there life after theory? If the death of the Author has now been followed by the death of the Theorist, what's left? Indeed, who's left? To explore such riddles Life. After.Theory brings together new interviews with four theorists who are left, each a major figure in their own right: Jacques Derrida, Frank Kermode, Toril Moi, and Christopher Norris. Framed and introduced by Michael Payne and John Schad, the interviews pursue a whole range of topics, both familiar and unfamiliar. (...)
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  7.  67
    Can Public GAP Standards Reduce Agricultural Pesticide Use? The Case of Fruit and Vegetable Farming in Northern Thailand.Pepijn Schreinemachers, Iven Schad, Prasnee Tipraqsa, Pakakrong M. Williams, Andreas Neef, Suthathip Riwthong, Walaya Sangchan & Christian Grovermann - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (4):519-529.
    In response to the chronic overuse and misuse of pesticides in agriculture, governments in Southeast Asia have sought to improve food safety by introducing public standards of good agricultural practices (GAP). Using quantitative farm-level data from an intensive horticultural production system in northern Thailand, we test if fruit and vegetable producers who follow the public GAP standard use fewer and less hazardous pesticides than producers who do not adhere to the standard. The results show that this is not the case. (...)
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  8.  10
    Introduction.Sarah Dillon & John Schad - 2017 - Derrida Today 10 (2):121-123.
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  9. The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and its Philosophical Applications.Wolfgang Spohn - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Wolfgang Spohn presents the first full account of the dynamic laws of belief, by means of ranking theory. This book is his long-awaited presentation of ranking theory and its ramifications.
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  10. Wolfgang Pauli Und C.G. Jung Ein Briefwechsel, 1932-1958.Wolfgang Pauli, C. A. Meier, Charles P. Enz, Markus Fierz & C. G. Jung - 1992
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  11. Conceptions of Truth.Wolfgang Künne - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Truth is one of the most debated topics in philosophy; Wolfgang Kunne presents a comprehensive critical examination of all major theories, from Aristotle to the present day. He argues that it is possible to give a satisfactory 'modest' account of truth without invoking problematic notions like correspondence, fact, or meaning. The clarity of exposition and the wealth of examples will make Conceptions of Truth an invaluable and stimulating guide for advanced students and scholars.
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  12. Subjektivität Und Metaphysik Festschrift Für Wolfgang Cramer.Dieter Henrich, Wolfgang Cramer & Hans Wagner - 1966 - Klostermann.
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  13. Wolfgang Neuser (Hg.): Naturwissenschaft Und Methode in Hegels Naturphilosophie.Wolfgang Bonsiepen - 2009 - Hegel-Studien 44:218.
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  14.  28
    Wolfgang Künne: Abstrakte Gegenstände - Semantik Und Ontotogie.Wolfgang Carl - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 24 (1):197-204.
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  15.  18
    Interview: Wolfgang Iser.Wolfgang Iser, Norman N. Holland & Wayne Booth - 1980 - Diacritics 10 (2):57.
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  16.  8
    Disastrologies.John Schad - 2017 - Derrida Today 10 (2):180-196.
    ‘Disastrologies’ explores Derrida's fascination with dates and how that fascination reveals a secret correspondence, in every sense of the word, with Walter Benjamin – a man who has the same birth-date as Derrida. It is, though, the date of Benjamin's death and indeed its infamous mise-en-scène, the cheap hotel on the Franco-Spanish border, that dominates this text which takes the form of a dramatic monologue delivered by the hotel manager, Juan Suñer, a man known to be both a manipulator of (...)
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  17.  38
    Long Island Sound.John Schad - 2015 - Derrida Today 8 (1):25-33.
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  18.  14
    Processing Speed Enhances Model-Based Over Model-Free Reinforcement Learning in the Presence of High Working Memory Functioning.Daniel J. Schad, Elisabeth Jã¼Nger, Miriam Sebold, Maria Garbusow, Nadine Bernhardt, Amir-Homayoun Javadi, Ulrich S. Zimmermann, Michael N. Smolka, Andreas Heinz, Michael A. Rapp & Quentin J. M. Huys - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  19.  4
    Someone Called Derrida: An Oxford Mystery.John Schad - 2007 - Sussex Academic Press.
    This book seeks to plot or narrate the life of Derrida around the lives of others.
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  20.  8
    Zur Konstruktion einer berühmten Glocke.Carl-Rainer Schad - 1997 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 5 (1):129-141.
    The large swinging bell Gloriosa, cast in 1497 for Erfurt Cathedral by Gherardus de Wou, ranks as an outstanding masterpiece of Gothic bell-founding art. Its musical quality and formal aesthetics became an object of emulation for generations of succeeeding bell founders and there have been repeated attempts to discover the hidden deisgn of the bell's profile. An early drawing is based on measurements made in 1865 by Sorge and consistent or modified reproductions of it were subsequently published by several authors. (...)
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  21.  16
    Revolution und Philosophie Wolfgang Schubardt, Revolution und Philosophie.Wolfgang Schubardt - 1957 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 5 (5):535.
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  22.  45
    Five Questions : Wolfgang Spohn.Wolfgang Spohn - unknown
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  23. Wolfgang Motsch.Wolfgang Steinitz Zum Gedenken - forthcoming - Foundations of Language.
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  24.  30
    Schad, John, Someone Called Derrida: An Oxford Mystery (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2007), 224 Pp., £16.95, ISBN 978-1-84519-031-.Angela Hunter - 2010 - Derrida Today 3 (1):151-157.
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  25. The Structure and Dynamics of Theories.Wolfgang Stegmüller - 1976 - Springer Verlag.
  26.  7
    Reply to Jim Woodward’s Comments on Wolfgang Spohn’s Laws of Belief.Wolfgang Spohn - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (4):773-784.
    This is one of a pair of discussion notes comparing some features of the account of causation in Wolfgang Spohn’s Laws of Belief with the “interventionist” account in James Woodward’s Making Things Happen. This note locates the core difference of the accounts in the fact that Woodward’s account follows an epistemological order, while Spohn’s follows a conceptual order. This unfolds in five further differences: type- versus token-level causation, reference to time, actual/counterfactual intervention versus epistemic/suppositional wiggling, a circular versus a (...)
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  27.  90
    The Structuralist View of Theories: A Possible Analogue of the Bourbaki Programme in Physical Science.Wolfgang Stegmüller - 1979 - Springer Verlag.
    This is the basis of the first part of the book.
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  28. Against Magnetism.Wolfgang Schwarz - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (1):17-36.
    Magnetism in meta-semantics is the view that the meaning of our words is determined in part by their use and in part by the objective naturalness of candidate meanings. This hypothesis is commonly attributed to David Lewis, and has been put to philosophical work by Brian Weatherson, Ted Sider and others. I argue that there is no evidence that Lewis ever endorsed the view, and that his actual account of language reveals good reasons against it.
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  29.  10
    Religionsphilosophie oder philosophische Theologie? Eine Kontroverse zwischen Wolfgang Trillhaas und Wilhelm Weischedel.Wolfgang Trillhaas - 1973 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 15 (1):87-101.
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  30. Variational Principles in Dynamics and Quantum Theory [by] Wolfgang Yourgrau [and] Stanley Mandelstam.Wolfgang Yourgrau & Stanley Mandelstam - 1968 - Pitman.
     
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  31. Variational Principles in Dynamics and Quantum Theory [by] Wolfgang Yourgrau [and] Stanley Mandelstam. --.Wolfgang Yourgrau & Stanley Jt Author Mandelstam - 1968 - Saunders.
     
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  32. Theory of Relativity.Wolfgang Pauli - 1958 - New York: Pergamon Press.
    Nobel Laureate's brilliant early treatise on Einstein's theory consists of his original 1921 text plus retrospective comments 35 years later.
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  33. Ordinal Conditional Functions. A Dynamic Theory of Epistemic States.Wolfgang Spohn - 1988 - In W. L. Harper & B. Skyrms (eds.), Causation in Decision, Belief Change, and Statistics, vol. II. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    It is natural and important to have a formal representation of plain belief, according to which propositions are held true, or held false, or neither. (In the paper this is called a deterministic representation of epistemic states). And it is of great philosophical importance to have a dynamic account of plain belief. AGM belief revision theory seems to provide such an account, but it founders at the problem of iterated belief revision, since it can generally account only for one step (...)
     
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  34. Von Rang Und Namen. Philosophical Essays in Honour of Wolfgang Spohn (Edited Book).Wolfgang Freitag, Hans Rott, Holger Sturm & Alexandra Zinke (eds.) - 2016 - Münster, Germany: Mentis.
    This collection includes twenty original philosophical essays in honour of Wolfgang Spohn. The contributions mirror the scope of Wolfgang Spohn’s work. They address topics from epistemology (e.g., the theory of ranking functions, belief revision, and the nature of knowledge and belief), philosophy of science (e.g., causation, induction, and laws of nature), the philosophy of language (e.g., the theory of meaning and the semantics of counterfactuals), and the philosophy of mind (e.g., intentionality and free will), as well as problems (...)
     
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  35.  5
    Differential Effects of Wakeful Rest, Music and Video Game Playing on Working Memory Performance in the N-Back Task.Maxim S. Kuschpel, Shuyan Liu, Daniel J. Schad, Stephan Heinzel, Andreas Heinz & Michael A. Rapp - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  36. Causation: An Alternative.Wolfgang Spohn - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):93-119.
    The paper builds on the basically Humean idea that A is a cause of B iff A and B both occur, A precedes B, and A raises the metaphysical or epistemic status of B given the obtaining circumstances. It argues that in pursuit of a theory of deterministic causation this ‘status raising’ is best explicated not in regularity or counterfactual terms, but in terms of ranking functions. On this basis, it constructs a rigorous theory of deterministic causation that successfully deals (...)
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  37.  72
    A Ranking‐Theoretic Approach to Conditionals.Wolfgang Spohn - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (6):1074-1106.
    Conditionals somehow express conditional beliefs. However, conditional belief is a bi-propositional attitude that is generally not truth-evaluable, in contrast to unconditional belief. Therefore, this article opts for an expressivistic semantics for conditionals, grounds this semantics in the arguably most adequate account of conditional belief, that is, ranking theory, and dismisses probability theory for that purpose, because probabilities cannot represent belief. Various expressive options are then explained in terms of ranking theory, with the intention to set out a general interpretive scheme (...)
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  38.  48
    Conditionals: A Unifying Ranking-Theoretic Perspective.Wolfgang Spohn - 2015 - Philosophers' Imprint 15.
    The paper takes an expressivistic perspective, i.e., it takes conditionals of all sorts to primarily express conditional beliefs. Therefore it is based on what it takes to be the best account of conditional belief, namely ranking theory. It proposes not to start looking at the bewildering linguistic phenomenology, but first to systematically study the various options of expressing features of conditional belief. Those options by far transcend the Ramsey test and include relevancies of various kinds and in particular the so-called (...)
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  39. Changing Minds in a Changing World.Wolfgang Schwarz - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 159 (2):219-239.
    I defend a general rule for updating beliefs that takes into account both the impact of new evidence and changes in the subject’s location. The rule combines standard conditioning with a shifting operation that moves the center of each doxastic possibility forward to the next point where information arrives. I show that well-known arguments for conditioning lead to this combination when centered information is taken into account. I also discuss how my proposal relates to other recent proposals, what results it (...)
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  40.  17
    And Wolfgang Krohn.Gernot Bohme & Wolfgang van den Daele - 2005 - In Nico Stehr & Reiner Grundmann (eds.), Knowledge: Critical Concepts. Routledge. pp. 302.
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  41. Kategorien der Existenz Festschrift Für Wolfgang Janke.Wolfgang Janke, Klaus Held & Jochem Hennigfeld - 1993
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  42. Zeitsturm: Die Mediterranen Zeitgespräche Dietmar Kampers Mit Wolfgang Kaempfer.Wolfgang Kaempfer - 2004 - Tectum.
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  43. Der Grund, Die Not Und Die Freude des Bewusstseins Beiträge Zum Internationalen Symposion in Venedig Zu Ehren von Wolfgang Marx.Wolfgang Marx & Martin Asiáin - 2002
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  44. A Survey of Ranking Theory.Wolfgang Spohn - 2009 - In Franz Huber & Christoph Schmidt-Petri (eds.), Degrees of Belief. Springer.
    "A Survey of Ranking Theory": The paper gives an up-to-date survey of ranking theory. It carefully explains the basics. It elaborates on the ranking theoretic explication of reasons and their balance. It explains the dynamics of belief statable in ranking terms and indicates how the ranks can thereby be measured. It suggests how the theory of Bayesian nets can be carried over to ranking theory. It indicates what it might mean to objectify ranks. It discusses the formal and the philosophical (...)
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  45.  84
    Undoing Aesthetics.Wolfgang Welsch - 1997 - Sage Publications.
    Wolfgang Welsch examines global aestheticization phenomena, probes the relationship of aesthetics and ethics, and considers the broad relevance of aesthetics for contemporary thinking. He argues that modes of thought familiar from the aesthetic realm comprise fundamental paradigms for understanding todayÆs reality. The implications for specific and everyday issues are demonstrated in studies of architecture, advertising, the Internet, and our perception of the life world. Surgically precise, innovative, and, above all, relevant, this book is an essential resource, providing the analysis (...)
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  46.  26
    Nonverbal Synchrony and Affect in Dyadic Interactions.Wolfgang Tschacher, Georg M. Rees & Fabian Ramseyer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  47.  53
    Where Luce and Krantz Do Really Generalize Savage's Decision Model.Wolfgang Spohn - 1977 - Erkenntnis 11 (1):113 - 134.
  48.  32
    Grammatical Terminology - Schad A Lexicon of Latin Grammatical Terminology. Pp. Xxvi + 453. Pisa and Rome: Fabrizio Serra, 2007. Paper, €150. ISBN: 978-88-6227-003-8. [REVIEW]Raija Vainio - 2010 - The Classical Review 60 (1):141-143.
  49.  75
    The Measurement of Ranks and the Laws of Iterated Contraction.Wolfgang Spohn & Matthias Hild - 2008 - Artificial Intelligence 172 (10):1195-1218.
    Ranking theory delivers an account of iterated contraction; each ranking function induces a specific iterated contraction behavior. The paper shows how to reconstruct a ranking function from its iterated contraction behavior uniquely up to multiplicative constant and thus how to measure ranks on a ratio scale. Thereby, it also shows how to completely axiomatize that behavior. The complete set of laws of iterated contraction it specifies amend the laws hitherto discussed in the literature.
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  50. Laws, Ceteris Paribus Conditions, and the Dynamics of Belief.Wolfgang Spohn - 2002 - Erkenntnis 57 (3):373-394.
    The characteristic difference between laws and accidental generalizations lies in our epistemic or inductive attitude towards them. This idea has taken various forms and dominated the discussion about lawlikeness in the last decades. Likewise, the issue about ceteris paribus conditions is essentially about how we epistemically deal with exceptions. Hence, ranking theory with its resources of defeasible reasoning seems ideally suited to explicate these points in a formal way. This is what the paper attempts to do. Thus it will turn (...)
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