Results for 'Wolfgang Taube'

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  1.  14
    Non-physical practice improves task performance in an unstable, perturbed environment: motor imagery and observational balance training.Wolfgang Taube, Michael Lorch, Sibylle Zeiter & Martin Keller - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  2.  19
    Tibetische Handschriften und BlockdrückeTibetische Handschriften und Blockdrucke.Chauncey S. Goodrich, Manfred Taube & Wolfgang Voigt - 1969 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (3):675.
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  3.  27
    In Experts, underlying processes that drive visuomotor adaptation are different than in Novices.Christian Leukel, Albert Gollhofer & Wolfgang Taube - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  4.  8
    Spiegel und Gleichnis: Festschrift für Jacob Taubes.Norbert W. Bolz & Wolfgang Hübener (eds.) - 1983 - Würzburg: Königshausen + Neumann.
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  5.  36
    Between Terror and Play: The Intellectual Encounter of Hans Blumenberg and Jacob Taubes.Herbert Kopp-Oberstebrink - 2012 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2012 (158):119-134.
    I. The Confrontation of Terror and Play: An Intellectual-Historical Constellation in Early West Germany In September 1968, a conference took place in the castle of the town of Rheda , remote from German intellectual centers. Boasting illustrious names from the German history of ideas, such as Jean Bollack, Hans Robert Jauss, Wolfgang Iser, Hans Blumenberg, and Manfred Fuhrmann, this gathering of twenty-eight highly renowned scholars appears, in retrospect, to be one of the more memorable events in the intellectual history (...)
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  6. Theory of relativity.Wolfgang Pauli - 1958 - New York,: Pergamon Press.
    Nobel Laureate's brilliant early treatise on Einstein's theory consists of his original 1921 text plus retrospective comments 35 years later.
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  7. Causation: An alternative.Wolfgang Spohn - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):93-119.
    The paper builds on the basically Humean idea that A is a cause of B iff A and B both occur, A precedes B, and A raises the metaphysical or epistemic status of B given the obtaining circumstances. It argues that in pursuit of a theory of deterministic causation this ‘status raising’ is best explicated not in regularity or counterfactual terms, but in terms of ranking functions. On this basis, it constructs a rigorous theory of deterministic causation that successfully deals (...)
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  8.  42
    An analysis of Hansson's dyadic deontic logic.Wolfgang Spohn - 1975 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 4 (2):237 - 252.
    Recently, Bengt Hansson presented a paper about dyadic deontic logic,2 criticizing some purely axiomatic systems of dyadic deontic logic and proposing three purely semantical systems of dyadic deontic logic which he confidently called dyadic standard systems of deontic logic (DSDL1–3). Here I shall discuss the third by far most interesting system DSDL3 which is operating with preference relations. First, I shall describe this semantical system (Sections 1.1–1.3). Then I shall give an axiomatic system (Section 1.4) which is proved to be (...)
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  9.  13
    Progress in Motor Control: A Multidisciplinary Perspective.Wolfgang Pauli, Charles P. Enz & K. V. Meyenn - 2008 - Springer.
    This ground-breaking book brings together researchers from a wide range of disciplines to discuss the control and coordination of processes involved in perceptually guided actions. The research area of motor control has become an increasingly multidisciplinary undertaking. Understanding the acquisition and performance of voluntary movements in biological and artificial systems requires the integration of knowledge from a variety of disciplines from neurophysiology to biomechanics.
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  10. Causation, Decision, Belief Change and Statistics.Wolfgang Spohn - 1988 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
     
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  11.  56
    Deterministic and probabilistic reasons and causes.Wolfgang Spohn - 1983 - Erkenntnis 19 (1-3):371 - 396.
  12.  75
    Emerging selves: Representational foundations of subjectivity.Wolfgang Prinz - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):515-528.
    A hypothetical evolutionary scenario is offered meant to account for the emergence of mental selves. According to the scenario, mental selves are constructed to solve a source-attribution problem. They emerge when internally generated mental contents are treated like messages arising from external personal sources. As a result, mental contents becomes attributed to the self as an internal personal source. According to this view, subjectivity is construed outward-in, that is, one's own mental self is derived from, and is secondary to, the (...)
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  13. The representation of Popper measures.Wolfgang Spohn - 1986 - Topoi 5 (1):69-74.
  14. The mineness of experience.Wolfgang Fasching - 2009 - Continental Philosophy Review 42 (2):131-148.
    In this paper I discuss the nature of the “I” (or “self”) and whether it is presupposed by the very existence of conscious experiences (as that which “has” them) or whether it is, instead, in some way constituted by them. I argue for the former view and try to show that the very nature of experience implies a non-constituted synchronic and diachronic transcendence of the experiencing “I” with regard to its experiences, an “I” which defies any objective characterization. Finally I (...)
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  15.  66
    Variational principles in dynamics and quantum theory.Wolfgang Yourgrau & Stanley Mandelstam - 1955 - London,: Pitman. Edited by Stanley Mandelstam.
    Concentrating upon applications that are most relevant to modern physics, this valuable book surveys variational principles and examines their relationship to dynamics and quantum theory. Stressing the history and theory of these mathematical concepts rather than the mechanics, the authors provide many insights into the development of quantum mechanics and present much hard-to-find material in a remarkably lucid, compact form. After summarizing the historical background from Pythagoras to Francis Bacon, Professors Yourgrau and Mandelstram cover Fermat's principle of least time, the (...)
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  16.  41
    Nonverbal synchrony and affect in dyadic interactions.Wolfgang Tschacher, Georg M. Rees & Fabian Ramseyer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  17.  7
    Special relativity.Wolfgang Rindler - 1960 - New York,: Interscience.
  18. A concise introduction to mathematical logic.Wolfgang Rautenberg - 2006 - New York, NY: Springer.
    Traditional logic as a part of philosophy is one of the oldest scientific disciplines. Mathematical logic, however, is a relatively young discipline and arose from the endeavors of Peano, Frege, Russell and others to create a logistic foundation for mathematics. It steadily developed during the 20th century into a broad discipline with several sub-areas and numerous applications in mathematics, informatics, linguistics and philosophy. While there are already several well-known textbooks on mathematical logic, this book is unique in that it is (...)
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  19. Ordinal Conditional Functions.Wolfgang Spohn - 1988 - In Causation, Decision, Belief Change and Statistics. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  20.  91
    Subjunctive Conditional Probability.Wolfgang Schwarz - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 47 (1):47-66.
    There seem to be two ways of supposing a proposition: supposing “indicatively” that Shakespeare didn’t write Hamlet, it is likely that someone else did; supposing “subjunctively” that Shakespeare hadn’t written Hamlet, it is likely that nobody would have written the play. Let P be the probability of B on the subjunctive supposition that A. Is P equal to the probability of the corresponding counterfactual, A □→B? I review recent triviality arguments against this hypothesis and argue that they do not succeed. (...)
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  21. Chance and Necessity : From Humean Supervenience to Humean Projection.Wolfgang Spohn - 2010 - In Ellery Eells & James H. Fetzer (eds.), The Place of Probability in Science: In Honor of Ellery Eells. Springer. pp. 101-132.
    This paper attempts to develop a projectivistic understanding of chance or objective probability or partial determination. It does so by critically examining David Lewis’ philosophy of probability and his defense of Humean Supervenience, building thereupon the constructive projectivistic alternative, which will basically be a suitable reinterpretation of de Finetti’s position. Any treatment of the topic must show how it extends to natural necessity or deterministic laws or full determination in perfect parallel. The paper indicates at the end how this demand (...)
     
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  22.  67
    The transition from causes to norms: Wittgenstein on training.Wolfgang Huemer - 2006 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 71 (1):205-225.
    Anti-reductionist philosophers have often argued that mental and linguistic phenomena contain an intrinsically normative element that cannot be captured by the natural sciences which focus on causal rather than rational relations. This line of reasoning raises the questions of how reasons could evolve in a world of causes and how children can be acculturated to participate in rule-governed social practices. In this paper I will sketch a Wittgensteinian answer to these questions. I will first point out that throughout his later (...)
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  23.  88
    Diachronic Norms for Self-Locating Beliefs.Wolfgang Schwarz - 2017 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 4.
    How should rational beliefs change over time? The standard Bayesian answer is: by conditionalization (a.k.a. Bayes’ Rule). But conditionalization is not an adequate rule for updating beliefs in “centred” propositions whose truth-value may itself change over time. In response, some have suggested that the objects of belief must be uncentred; others have suggested that beliefs in centred propositions are not subject to diachronic norms. Iargue that these views do not offer a satisfactory account of self-locating beliefs and their dynamics. A (...)
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  24. First Steps Toward a Psychopathology of "Common Sense".Wolfgang Blankenburg & Aaron L. Mishara - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):303-315.
    In addition to discussing some philosophical accounts of common sense, this article considers several ways in which common sense can be altered or disturbed in psychopathology. Common sense can be defined as practical understanding, capacity to see and take things in their right light, sound judgment, or ordinary mental capacity. The philosopher Vico described it as the ability to distinguish the probable from the improbable. Goethe understood common sense as an "organ" that is formed in communication for the purpose of (...)
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  25.  71
    Causal laws are objectifications of inductive schemes.Wolfgang Spohn - 1955 - In Anthony Eagle (ed.), Philosophy of Probability. Routledge. pp. 223-252.
    And this paper is an attempt to say precisely how, thus addressing a philosophical problem which is commonly taken to be a serious one. It does so, however, in quite an idiosyncratic way. It is based on the account of inductive schemes I have given in (1988) and (1990a) and on the conception of causation I have presented in (1980), (1983), and (1990b), and it intends to fill one of many gaps which have been left by these papers. Still, I (...)
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  26.  85
    On theoreticity.Wolfgang Balzer & C. Ulises Moulines - 1980 - Synthese 44 (3):467 - 494.
  27. A General Non-Probabilistic Theory of Inductive Reasoning.Wolfgang Spohn - 1990 - In R. D. Shachter, T. S. Levitt, J. Lemmer & L. N. Kanal (eds.), Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence 4. Elsevier.
    Probability theory, epistemically interpreted, provides an excellent, if not the best available account of inductive reasoning. This is so because there are general and definite rules for the change of subjective probabilities through information or experience; induction and belief change are one and same topic, after all. The most basic of these rules is simply to conditionalize with respect to the information received; and there are similar and more general rules. 1 Hence, a fundamental reason for the epistemological success of (...)
     
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  28.  72
    Bayesian Nets Are All There Is To Causal Dependence.Wolfgang Spohn - unknown
    The paper displays the similarity between the theory of probabilistic causation developed by Glymour et al. since 1983 and mine developed since 1976: the core of both is that causal graphs are Bayesian nets. The similarity extends to the treatment of actions or interventions in the two theories. But there is also a crucial difference. Glymour et al. take causal dependencies as primitive and argue them to behave like Bayesian nets under wide circumstances. By contrast, I argue the behavior of (...)
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  29. Kant's categories of reality and existence.Wolfgang Schwarz - 1987 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 48 (2):343-346.
  30.  46
    The Kolmogorov-Loveland stochastic sequences are not closed under selecting subsequences.Wolfgang Merkle - 2003 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (4):1362-1376.
    It is shown that the class of Kolmogorov-Loveland stochastic sequences is not closed under selecting subsequences by monotonic computable selection rules. This result gives a strong negative answer to the question whether the Kolmogorov-Loveland stochastic sequences are closed under selecting sequences by Kolmogorov-Loveland selection rules, i.e., by not necessarily monotonic, partial computable selection rules. The following previously known results are obtained as corollaries. The Mises-Wald-Church stochastic sequences are not closed under computable permutations, hence in particular they form a strict superclass (...)
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  31. Reversing 30 years of discussion: why causal decision theorists should one-box.Wolfgang Spohn - 2012 - Synthese 187 (1):95-122.
    The paper will show how one may rationalize one-boxing in Newcomb's problem and drinking the toxin in the Toxin puzzle within the confines of causal decision theory by ascending to so-called reflexive decision models which reflect how actions are caused by decision situations (beliefs, desires, and intentions) represented by ordinary unreflexive decision models.
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  32. Diagnose.Wolfgang W. Wieland - 1977 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 31 (2):323-323.
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  33.  31
    Franz Brentano.Wolfgang Huemer - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  34.  10
    Reasons and ‘because’.Wolfgang Freitag - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    The paper argues that action explanations of the form ‘because p’ do not indicate that reasons are non-psychological facts or propositions. ‘Because p’ has two different uses: In the explanatory use, ‘because’ operates on the alleged fact that p. In the reason-giving use, however, ‘because’ operates not on p, but on the agent’s belief that p: she does not describe but express her reason. I conclude that a proper analysis of reason-giving ‘because’-utterances suggests that reasons are mental states.
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  35. Contingent Identity.Wolfgang Schwarz - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (5):486-495.
    It is widely held that if an object a is identical (or non-identical) to an object b, then it is necessary that a is identical (non-identical) to b. This view is supported an argument from Leibniz's Law and a popular conception of de re modality. On the other hand, there are good reasons to allow for contingent identity. Various alternative accounts of de re modality have been developed to achieve this kind of generality, and to explain what is wrong with (...)
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  36.  22
    Why most dieters fail but some succeed: A goal conflict model of eating behavior.Wolfgang Stroebe, Guido M. van Koningsbruggen, Esther K. Papies & Henk Aarts - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (1):110-138.
  37.  51
    Two Coherence Principles.Wolfgang Spohn - 1999 - Erkenntnis 50 (2-3):155-175.
    The paper proposes two principles of coherence (thus taking up work started in Spohn (1991) "A Reason for Explanation: Explanations Provide Stable Reasons"). The latter indeed serves as a weak, but precise explication of the notion of coherence as it is used in the current epistemological discussion. After discussing their epistemological setting, the paper considers four ways of establishing these principles. They may be inferred neither from enumerative induction, nor from the nature of propositions as objects of belief, nor in (...)
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  38.  42
    Austrian Economics (Routledge Revivals): Historical and Philosophical Background.Wolfgang Grassl & Barry Smith (eds.) - 1986 - Croom Helm / Routledge.
    First published in 1986 and reprinted in 2010 in the Routledge Revivals series, this book presents the first detailed confrontation between the Austrian school of economics and Austrian philosophy, especially the philosophy of the Brentano school. It contains a study of the roots of Austrian economics in the liberal political theory of the nineteenth-century Hapsburg empire, and a study of the relations between the general theory of value underlying Austrian economics and the new economic approach to human behaviour propounded by (...)
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  39.  5
    The Sociologial Discourse on “Modernization” and “Modernity”.Wolfgang Knöbl - 2017 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 281 (3):311-329.
    The paper questions the assumption widely held within the social sciences that “modernity” has always been a topic central to the founders of sociology. It claims that it was not before the late 1960s and early 1970s when this term caused an oftentimes heated debate. It is also remarkable that from the very beginning the discourse on modernity was accompanied by the talk of a crisis of this epoch. Since the late 1990s attempts could be seen to pluralize the term (...)
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  40.  50
    Concepts and aims of functional interpretations: Towards a functional interpretation of constructive set theory.Wolfgang Burr - 2002 - Synthese 133 (1-2):257 - 274.
    The aim of this article is to give an introduction to functional interpretations of set theory given by the authorin Burr (2000a). The first part starts with some general remarks on Gödel's functional interpretation with a focus on aspects related to problems that arise in the context of set theory. The second part gives an insight in the techniques needed to perform a functional interpretation of systems of set theory. However, the first part of this article is not intended to (...)
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  41.  43
    Motor Area Activity During Mental Rotation Studied by Time-Resolved Single-Trial fMRI.Wolfgang Richter, Randy Summers, Seong-Gi Kim & Carola Tegeler - unknown
    & The functional equivalence of overt movements and dynamic imagery is of fundamental importance in neuroscience. Here, we investigated the participation of the neocortical motor areas in a classic task of dynamic imagery, Shepard and Metzler's mental rotation task, by time-resolved single-trial functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). The subjects performed the mental-rotation task 16 times, each time with different object pairs. Functional images were acquired for each pair separately, and the onset times and..
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  42.  35
    Remarks on the completeness of logical systems relative to the validity-concepts of P. Lorenzen and K. Lorenz.Wolfgang Stegmüller - 1964 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 5 (2):81-112.
  43.  67
    Generalized net structures of empirical theories. II.Wolfgang Balzer & Joseph D. Sneed - 1978 - Studia Logica 37 (2):167 - 194.
  44.  3
    Wie zuverlässig und wirklichkeitsgetreu sind unsere Erinnerungen?Wolfgang Mertens - 2019 - Psyche 73 (12):974-1001.
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  45.  30
    Preparing the Ground for Kant’s Highest Good in the World.Wolfgang Ertl - 2021 - Philosophia 49 (5):1837-1852.
    In his new book, Rossi emphasizes the prominent role of enlightened religion in the political project of establishing perpetual peace. My paper discusses Rossi’s stance on the question as to whether Kant, in his later years, moved to an immanentist conception of the highest good. Kant’s own position in this regard can arguably be better described as comprehensive, according to which an immanent and a transcendent conception of the highest good are upheld as realizable side by side. Rossi’s account looks (...)
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  46. Proving the Principal Principle.Wolfgang Schwarz - 2014 - In Alastair Wilson (ed.), Chance and Temporal Asymmetry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  47.  36
    Modeling self on others: An import theory of subjectivity and selfhood.Wolfgang Prinz - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 49:347-362.
  48.  19
    What Does It Mean When Managers Talk About Trust?Wolfgang Breuer, Andreas Knetsch & Astrid Juliane Salzmann - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 166 (3):473-488.
    This paper investigates whether managerial rhetoric in the Management Discussion and Analysis section of 10-K filings can help gauge the level of managerial opportunism in a firm. We find that the use of trust-related words is connected to inefficient investment decisions and poor operating performance. Furthermore, firms making more frequent use of trust-related words are subject to less monitoring by institutional investors or analysts. Their accounting also relies more heavily on discretionary accruals. These results are consistent with the notion that (...)
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  49. Wittgenstein and John Henry Newman on certainty.Wolfgang Kienzler - 2006 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 71 (1):117-138.
    Wittgenstein read and admired the work of John Henry Newman. Evidence suggests that from 1946 until 1951 Newman's Grammar of Assent was probably the single most important external stimulus for Wittgenstein's thought. In important respects Wittgenstein's reactions to G. E. Moore follow hints already given by Newman.
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  50. Parts and counterparts.Wolfgang J. Schwarz - manuscript
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