Results for 'Wolseley Haig'

190 found
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  1.  15
    The Tarikh-I-Rashidi of Mirza Muhammad Haidar, Dughlát. A History of the Moghuls of Central AsiaMuntakhabu-T-tawārikhThe Tarikh-I-Rashidi of Mirza Muhammad Haidar, Dughlat. A History of the Moghuls of Central AsiaMuntakhabu-T-Tawarikh.James A. Bellamy, N. Elias, E. Denison Ross, Abdu-L.-Qādir Ibn-I.-Mulūk Shāh, George S. A. Ranking, W. H. Lowe, Wolseley Haig & Abdu-L.-Qadir Ibn-I.-Muluk Shah - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (1):138.
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  2.  2
    Comparative Tables of Muhammadan and Christian Dates.H. Henry Spoer & Wolseley Haig - 1933 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 53 (2):175.
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  3.  27
    Haig’s ‘Strange Inversion of Reasoning’ and Making Sense: Information Interpreted as Meaning.David Haig & Daniel Dennett - unknown
    David Haig propounds and illustrates the unity of a radically revised set of definitions of the family of terms at the heart of philosophy of cognitive science and mind: information, meaning, interpretation, text, choice, possibility, cause. This biological re-grounding of much-debated concepts yields a bounty of insights into the nature of meaning and life. An interpreter is a mechanism that uses information in choice. The capabilities of the interpreter couple an entropy of inputs to an entropy of outputs is (...)
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  4. Construction and Destruction or the Devilry of War: Notes on 'the Soldiers' Pocket Book for Field Service,' by Sir G.J. Wolseley'.John J. Wilson & Garnet Joseph Wolseley - 1891
     
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  5.  65
    The Strategic Gene.David Haig - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (4):461-479.
    Abstract Gene-selectionists define fundamental terms in non-standard ways. Genes are determinants of difference. Phenotypes are defined as a gene’s effects relative to some alternative whereas the environment is defined as all parts of the world that are shared by the alternatives being compared. Environments choose among phenotypes and thereby choose among genes. By this process, successful gene sequences become stores of information about what works in the environment. The strategic gene is defined as a set of gene tokens that combines (...)
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  6. Weismann Rules! OK? Epigenetics and the Lamarckian Temptation.David Haig - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (3):415-428.
    August Weismann rejected the inheritance of acquired characters on the grounds that changes to the soma cannot produce the kind of changes to the germ-plasm that would result in the altered character being transmitted to subsequent generations. His intended distinction, between germ-plasm and soma, was closer to the modern distinction between genotype and phenotype than to the modern distinction between germ cells and somatic cells. Recently, systems of epigenetic inheritance have been claimed to make possible the inheritance of acquired characters. (...)
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  7.  45
    Proximate and Ultimate Causes: How Come? And What For? [REVIEW]David Haig - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (5):781-786.
    Proximate and ultimate causes in evolutionary biology have come to conflate two distinctions. The first is a distinction between immediate and historical causes. The second is between explanations of mechanism and adaptive function. Mayr emphasized the first distinction but many evolutionary biologists use proximate and ultimate causes to refer to the second. I recommend that ‘ultimate cause’ be abandoned as ambiguous.
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  8.  15
    Genetic Dissent and Individual Compromise.David Haig - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):233-239.
    Organisms can be treated as optimizers when there is consensus among their genes about what is best to be done, but genomic consensus is often lacking, especially in interactions among kin because kin share some genes but not others. Grafen adopts a majoritarian perspective in which an individual’s interests are identified with the interests of the largest coreplicon of its genome, but genomic imprinting and recombination factionalize the genome so that no faction may predominate in some interactions among kin. Once (...)
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  9.  22
    Sameness, Novelty, and Nominal Kinds.David Haig - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (6):857-872.
    Organisms and their genomes are mosaics of features of different evolutionary age. Older features are maintained by ‘negative’ selection and comprise part of the selective environment that has shaped the evolution of newer features by ‘positive’ selection. Body plans and body parts are among the most conservative elements of the environment in which genetic differences are selected. By this process, well-trodden paths of development constrain and direct paths of evolutionary change. Structuralism and adaptationism are both vindicated. Form plays a selective (...)
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  10.  5
    Genomic Vagabonds: Endogenous Retroviruses and Placental Evolution (Comment on DOI 10.1002/Bies. 201300059).David Haig - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (10):845-846.
  11.  28
    Fighting the Good Cause: Meaning, Purpose, Difference, and Choice.David Haig - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):675-697.
    Concepts of cause, choice, and information are closely related. A cause is a choice that can be held responsible. It is a difference that makes a difference. Information about past causes and their effects is a valuable commodity because it can be used to guide future choices. Information about criteria of choice is generated by choosing a subset from an ensemble for ‘reasons’ and has meaning for an interpreter when it is used to achieve an end. Natural selection evolves interpreters (...)
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  12.  38
    How to Pursue the Adaptationist Program in Psychology.Russil Durrant & Brian D. Haig - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (4):357 – 380.
    In recent times evolutionary psychologists have offered adaptation explanations for a wide range of human psychological characteristics. Critics, however, have argued that such endeavors are problematic because the appropriate evidence required to demonstrate adaptation is unlikely to be forthcoming, therefore severely limiting the role of the adaptationist program in psychology. More specifically, doubts have been raised over both the methodology employed by evolutionary psychologists for studying adaptations and about the possibility of ever developing acceptably rigorous evolutionary explanations of human psychological (...)
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  13.  29
    Scientific Problems and the Conduct of Research.Brian D. Haig - 1987 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 19 (2):22–32.
  14.  8
    Intracellular Evolution of Mitochondrial DNA and the Tragedy of the Cytoplasmic Commons.David Haig - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (6):549-555.
    Mitochondria exist in large numbers per cell. Therefore, the strength of natural selection on individual mtDNAs for their contribution to cellular fitness is weak whereas the strength of selection in favor of mtDNAs that increase their own replication without regard for cellular functions is strong. This problem has been solved for most mitochondrial genes by their transfer to the nucleus but a few critical genes remain encoded by mtDNA. Organisms manage the evolution of mtDNA to prevent mutational decay of essential (...)
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  15.  33
    Scientific Realism with Correspondence Truth: A Reply to Asay (2018).Brian D. Haig & Denny Borsboom - 2018 - Theory and Psychology 28 (3):398-404.
    Asay (2018) criticizes our contention that psychologists do best to adhere to a substantive theory of correspondence truth. He argues that deflationary theory can serve the same purposes as correspondence theory. In the present article we argue that (a) scientific realism, broadly construed, requires a version of correspondence theory and (b) contrary to Asay’s suggestion, correspondence theory does have important additional resources over deflationary accounts in its ability to support generalizations over classes of true sentences.
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  16.  8
    Going Retro: Transposable Elements, Embryonic Stem Cells, and the Mammalian Placenta.David Haig - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (11):1154-1154.
  17.  58
    Theorizing Practical Intelligence: Essay Review of R. J. Sternberg and R. K. Wagner, Eds., Practical Intelligence.Brian D. Haig - 1990 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 22 (1):40-44.
  18.  45
    Grounded Theory as Scientific Method.Brian D. Haig - 1995 - Philosophy of Education 28 (1):1-11.
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  19.  17
    Kinship Asymmetries and the Divided Self.David Haig - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):271-272.
    Imprinted genes are predicted to affect interactions among relatives. Therefore, variant alleles at imprinted loci are promising candidates for playing a causal role in disorders of social behavior. The effects of imprinted genes evolved in the context of patterns of asymmetric relatedness that existed within social groups of our ancestors.
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  20.  47
    Adaptationism and Inference to the Best Explanation.Brian Haig & Russil Durrant - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):520-521.
    Andrews et al. effectively argue that, despite prominent criticism, adaptationism can be a viable research strategy. We agree. In our complementary commentary, we discuss the neglected method of inference to the best explanation and argue that it is a valuable addition to the adaptationist's methodological practice.
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  21.  34
    Sleeping Beauty in a Grain of Rice.David Haig - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (1):23-37.
    In the Sleeping Beauty problem, Beauty is woken once if a coin lands heads or twice if the coin lands tails but promptly forgets each waking on returning to sleep. Philosophers have divided over whether her waking credence in heads should be a half or a third. Beauty has centered beliefs about her world and about her location in that world. When given new information about her location she should update her worldly beliefs before updating her locative beliefs. When she (...)
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  22.  13
    Do Imprinted Genes Have Few and Small Introns?David Haig - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (5):351-353.
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  23.  2
    Investigating Face Recognition with an Image Processing Computer.Nigel D. Haig - 1986 - In H. Ellis, M. Jeeves, F. Newcombe & Andrew W. Young (eds.), Aspects of Face Processing. Martinus Nijhoff. pp. 410--425.
  24.  11
    In Defense of Power Ascriptions in Psychology.Brian D. Haig - 1978 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 8 (3):271-275.
  25.  2
    Investigation of the Annealing of Deformed Nickel Powder by X-Ray and Stored Energy Measurements.D. Michell & F. D. Haig - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (13):15-32.
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  26.  4
    Realism After Postmodernism.Brian D. Haig - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (14):1640-1641.
  27.  51
    Statistical Significance Testing, Hypothetico-Deductive Method, and Theory Evaluation.Brian D. Haig - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):292-293.
    Chow's endorsement of a limited role for null hypothesis significance testing is a needed corrective of research malpractice, but his decision to place this procedure in a hypothetico-deductive framework of Popperian cast is unwise. Various failures of this version of the hypothetico-deductive method have negative implications for Chow's treatment of significance testing, meta-analysis, and theory evaluation.
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  28.  23
    From Nuisance Variables to Explanatory Theories: A Reformulation of the Third Variable Problem.Brian D. Haig - 1992 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 24 (2):78–97.
  29.  33
    Lamarck Ascending!David Haig - 2011 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 3 (20130604).
    Transformations of Lamarckism is an edited volume arising from a workshop to commemorate the bicentenary of the publication of Philosophie Zoologique. The contributed chapters discuss the history of Lamarckism, present new developments in biology that could be considered to vindicate Lamarck, and argue for a revision, if not a revolution, in evolutionary theory. My review argues that twentieth and twenty-first century conceptions of Lamarckism can be considered a reaction to August Weismann’s uncompromising rejection of the inheritance of acquired characters in (...)
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  30.  17
    Equipping Schools to Fight Poverty: A Community Hub Approach.Tom Haig - 2014 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (9):1018-1035.
    A major challenge for education policymakers and educators globally is the strong and persistent impact of student socio-economic status on learning. This is a challenge that will not be addressed solely by school-focused reform. However, one policy initiative that could make a positive difference in this regard, and could bring other benefits to schools and communities, is equipping schools to act as hubs for a range of social and health services for their students, families, and communities. Schools as community hubs (...)
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  31.  23
    High-Frequency Synchronisation in Schizophrenia: Too Much or Too Little?Leanne M. Williams, Kwang-Hyuk Lee, Albert Haig & Evian Gordon - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):109-110.
    Phillips & Silverstein's focus on schizophrenia as a failure of “cognitive coordination” is welcome. They note that a simple hypothesis of reduced Gamma synchronisation subserving impaired coordination does not fully account for recent observations. We suggest that schizophrenia reflects a dynamic compensation to a core deficit of coordination, expressed either as hyper- or hyposynchronisation, with neurotransmitter systems and arousal as modulatory mechanisms.
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  32.  27
    The Logic of Ability Concepts.Brian D. Haig - 1975 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 7 (2):47–67.
  33.  23
    The Nature of Research Methodology: Editorial Introduction.Brian D. Haig - 1992 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 24 (2):1–7.
  34.  8
    Conflict of Interest Disclosure in Orphan Drug Research.Daniel Patrone, Jen-Ting Wang, Melissa Haig, Rosemary Harris, Rebecca LeFebvre, Matthew Vedete & Taylor Zelka - 2014 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal 5 (3):259-269.
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  35.  10
    Female Stories, Female Bodies: Narrative, Identity, and Representation (Review).Philip M. Haig - 1998 - Symploke 6 (1):209-210.
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  36.  4
    Transposable Elements: Self-Seekers of the Germline, Team-Players of the Soma.David Haig - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (11):1158-1166.
    The germ track is the cellular path by which genes are transmitted to future generations whereas somatic cells die with their body and do not leave direct descendants. Transposable elements (TEs) evolve to be silent in somatic cells but active in the germ track. Thus, the performance of most bodily functions by a sequestered soma reduces organismal costs of TEs. Flexible forms of gene regulation are permissible in the soma because of the self‐imposed silence of TEs, but strict licensing of (...)
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  37.  6
    Extending the Network Perspective on Comorbidity.Brian D. Haig & Frances M. Vertue - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):158-158.
    Cramer et al. make a good case for reconceptualizing comorbid psychopathologies in terms of complex network theory. We suggest the need for an extension of their network model to include reference to latent causes. We also draw attention to a neglected approach to theory appraisal that might usefully be incorporated into the methodology of network theory.
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  38.  3
    The Nature of Research Methodology: Editorial Introduction.Brian D. Haig - 1992 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 24 (2):1-7.
  39.  2
    From Nuisance Variables to Explanatory Theories: A Reformulation of the Third Variable Problem.Brian D. Haig - 1992 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 24 (2):78-97.
  40.  2
    Illustrated Catalogue of Ming and Ch'ing Monochrome in the Percival David Foundation of Chinese ArtVases of the Sea: Far Eastern Porcelain and Other Treasures.Clarence F. Shangraw, Margaret Medley, Felicia Schuster & Cecilia Wolseley - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (3):307.
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  41.  2
    Commentary: Exploratory Data Analysis.Brian D. Haig - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  42. Method Matters in Psychology.Brian Haig - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  43. The Logic of Ability Concepts.Brian D. Haig - 1975 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 7 (2):47-67.
  44. The Philosophy of Quantitative Methods: Understanding Statistics.Brian D. Haig - 2018 - Oup Usa.
    The Philosophy of Quantitative Methods undertakes a philosophical examination of a number of important quantitative research methods within the behavioral sciences in order to overcome the non-critical approaches typically provided by textbooks. These research methods are exploratory data analysis, statistical significance testing, Bayesian confirmation theory and statistics, meta-analysis, and exploratory factor analysis. Further readings are provided to extend the reader's overall understanding of these methods.
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  45. Verse: Exhibition.Mabel George Haig - 1966 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 47 (1):42.
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  46.  30
    Homology and the Evolutionary Process: Reply to Haig, Love and Brown on “Homology, Genes and Evolutionary Innovation”.Günter P. Wagner - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (6):901-912.
    This paper responds to the essay reviews by David Haig, Alan Love and Rachel Brown of my recently published book “Homology, Genes and Evolutionary Innovation”. The issues addressed here relate to: the notion of classes and individuals, issues of explanatory value of adaptive and structuralist explanations in evolutionary biology, the role of homology in evolutionary theory, the limits of a pluralist stance vis a vis alternative explanations of homology, as well as the question whether and to what extend the (...)
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  47.  61
    The Expanded Evolutionary Synthesis—a Response to Godfrey-Smith, Haig, and West-Eberhard.Eva Jablonka & Marion J. Lamb - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (3):453-472.
    In responding to three reviews of Evolution in Four Dimensions (Jablonka and Lamb, 2005, MIT Press), we briefly consider the historical background to the present genecentred view of evolution, especially the way in which Weismann’s theories have influenced it, and discuss the origins of the notion of epigenetic inheritance. We reaffirm our belief that all types of hereditary information—genetic, epigenetic, behavioural and cultural—have contributed to evolutionary change, and outline recent evidence, mainly from epigenetic studies, that suggests that non-DNA heritable variations (...)
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  48.  37
    R.G. Dennis, M.C.J. Putnam The Complete Poems of Tibullus. An En Face Bilingual Edition. With an Introduction by Julia Haig Gaisser. Pp. X + 159. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2012. Paper, £13.95, US$19.95 . ISBN: 978-0-520-27254-5 .A.M. Juster Tibullus: Elegies, with Parallel Latin Text. With an Introduction and Notes by Robert Maltby. Pp. Xxxiv + 129. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. Paper, £8.99, US$14.95. ISBN: 978-0-19-960331-2. [REVIEW]David Wray - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (2):427-432.
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  49.  16
    Haig Khatchadourian, "The Coherence Theory of Truth". [REVIEW]A. R. Louch - 1967 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 5 (2):193.
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  50.  16
    The Concept of Art. By Haig Khatchadourian. New York: New York University Press. 1971. Pp. Xi, 289. $12.00.Robert M. Martin - 1972 - Dialogue 11 (3):482-484.
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