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  1.  48
    Should my robot know what's best for me? Human–robot interaction between user experience and ethical design.Nora Fronemann, Kathrin Pollmann & Wulf Loh - 2022 - AI and Society 37 (2):517-533.
    To integrate social robots in real-life contexts, it is crucial that they are accepted by the users. Acceptance is not only related to the functionality of the robot but also strongly depends on how the user experiences the interaction. Established design principles from usability and user experience research can be applied to the realm of human–robot interaction, to design robot behavior for the comfort and well-being of the user. Focusing the design on these aspects alone, however, comes with certain ethical (...)
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  2.  55
    Autonomous Driving and Perverse Incentives.Wulf Loh & Catrin Misselhorn - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 32 (4):575-590.
    This paper discusses the ethical implications of perverse incentives with regard to autonomous driving. We define perverse incentives as a feature of an action, technology, or social policy that invites behavior which negates the primary goal of the actors initiating the action, introducing a certain technology, or implementing a social policy. As a special form of means-end-irrationality, perverse incentives are to be avoided from a prudential standpoint, as they prove to be directly self-defeating: They are not just a form of (...)
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  3.  82
    From Principles to Practice. An interdisciplinary framework to operationalise AI ethics.Lajla Fetic, Torsten Fleischer, Paul Grünke, Thilo Hagendorf, Sebastian Hallensleben, Marc Hauer, Michael Herrmann, Rafaela Hillerbrand, Carla Hustedt, Christoph Hubig, Andreas Kaminski, Tobias Krafft, Wulf Loh, Philipp Otto & Michael Puntschuh - 2020 - Bertelsmann-Stiftung.
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  4.  46
    Social Robotics and the Good Life: The Normative Side of Forming Emotional Bonds with Robots.Janina Loh & Wulf Loh (eds.) - 2022 - Transcript Verlag.
    Robots as social companions in close proximity to humans have a strong potential of becoming more and more prevalent in the coming years, especially in the realms of elder day care, child rearing, and education. As human beings, we have the fascinating ability to emotionally bond with various counterparts, not exclusively with other human beings, but also with animals, plants, and sometimes even objects. Therefore, we need to answer the fundamental ethical questions that concern human-robot-interactions per se, and we need (...)
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  5.  39
    Privatsphäre 4.0: Eine Neuverortung des Privaten Im Zeitalter der Digitalisierung.Hauke Behrendt, Wulf Loh, Tobias Matzner, Catrin Misselhorn, Carsten Ochs, Charles Melvin Ess, Thilo Hagendorff, Dorota Mokrosinska, Titus Stahl, Sandra Seubert, Johannes Eichenhofer, Christian Djeffal, Eva Weber-Guskar, Jan-Felix Schrape & Sebastian Ostritsch - 2019 - J.B. Metzler.
    Wie lässt sich der Bereich des Privaten heute genau beschreiben? Welchen Wert besitzt Privatheit in digitalisierten Gesellschaften für den Einzelnen und die Gesellschaft als Ganzes? Welche Werte und Lebensformen werden durch Privatheit geschützt, welche eingeschränkt? Entstehen durch die Informationsasymmetrie zwischen Technologieunternehmen, staatlichen Verdatungsinstitutionen und Verbrauchern/Bürgern möglicherweise neue Machtstrukturen? Welche rechtlichen Implikationen ergeben sich hieraus? Dieser Band geht diesen und anderen Fragen, die sich im Hinblick auf die etablierte Gleichung von Freiheit und Privatheit stellen, nach und versucht Antworten zu finden.
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  6.  36
    A practice–theoretical account of privacy.Wulf Loh - 2018 - Ethics and Information Technology 20 (4):233-247.
    This paper distinguishes between two main questions regarding the notion of privacy: “What is privacy?” and “Why do/should we value privacy?”. In developing a social-ontological recognitional model of privacy, it gives an answer to the first question. According to the SORM, Privacy is a second order quality of roles within social practices. It is a function of who is or should be recognized as a “standard authority”. Enjoying standard authority means to have the right to interpret and contest role behavior (...)
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  7.  22
    Autonomous Driving and Perverse Incentives.Wulf Loh & Catrin Misselhorn - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 32 (4):575-590.
    This paper discusses the ethical implications of perverse incentives with regard to autonomous driving. We define perverse incentives as a feature of an action, technology, or social policy that invites behavior which negates the primary goal of the actors initiating the action, introducing a certain technology, or implementing a social policy. As a special form of means-end-irrationality, perverse incentives are to be avoided from a prudential standpoint, as they prove to be directly self-defeating: They are not just a form of (...)
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  8. Sozialontologische Bedingungen von Privatheit.Wulf Loh - 2019 - In Hauke Behrendt, Wulf Loh, Matzner Tobias & Catrin Misselhorn (eds.), Privatsphäre 4.0: Eine Neuverortung des Privaten im Zeitalter der Digitalisierung. Metzler. pp. 33-53.
    Ausgehend von einem „standard social role model“ von Privatheit als Set von Normen sozialer Rollen in sozialen Kontexten bzw. Praktiken sollen in diesem Text die sozialontologischen Bedingungen für Privatheit erörtert und das sozialontologische Anerkennungsmodell von Privatheit, das ich an anderer Stelle ausgearbeitet habe, weiterentwickelt werden. Genauer gesagt soll das „super-skilled performer“-Argument zurückgewiesen werden. Diesem Argument zufolge zeige das hohe Maß an nötigem ökonomischen und technischen Vorwissen für eine wohlinformierte Einwilligung in Verdatungspraktiken eigentlich nur, dass die verdateten Subjekte als mit besonders (...)
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  9. Introduction – Social Robotics and the Good Life.Janina Loh & Wulf Loh - 2022 - In Janina Loh & Wulf Loh (eds.), Social Robotics and the Good Life: The Normative Side of Forming Emotional Bonds with Robots. Transcript Verlag. pp. 7-22.
    Robots as social companions in close proximity to humans have a strong potential of becoming more and more prevalent in the coming years, especially in the realms of elder day care, child rearing, and education. As human beings, we have the fascinating ability to emotionally bond with various counterparts, not exclusively with other human beings, but also with animals, plants, and sometimes even objects. Therefore, we need to answer the fundamental ethical questions that concern human-robot-interactions per se, and we need (...)
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  10. Social pathologies of informational privacy.Wulf Loh - 2022 - Journal of Social Philosophy.
    Following the recent practice turn in privacy research, informational privacy is increasingly analyzed with regard to the “appropriate flow of information” within a given practice, which preserves the “contextual integrity” of that practice (Nissenbaum, 2010, p. 149; 2015). Such a practice-theoretical take on privacy emphasizes the normative structure of practices as well as its structural injustices and power asymmetries, rather than focusing on the intentions and moral considerations of individual or institutional actors. Since privacy norms are seen to be institutionalized (...)
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  11.  81
    Anonymity, fidelity to law, and digital Civil disobedience.Wulf Loh - 2023 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 49 (4):448-476.
    Making use of the liberal concept of civil disobedience, this paper assesses, under which circumstances instances of illegal digital protest—called “hacktivism”—can be justified vis-à-vis the pro tanto political obligation to obey the law. For this, the paper draws on the three main criteria for liberal civil disobedience—publicity, nonviolence, and fidelity to law—and examines how these can be transferred to the realm of the digital. One of the main disanalogies between street and cyberspace protests is the tendency of hacktivists to remain (...)
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  12.  27
    Anonymity, fidelity to law, and digital Civil disobedience.Wulf Loh - 2022 - Philosophy and Social Criticism (4):448-476.
    Making use of the liberal concept of civil disobedience, this paper assesses, under which circumstances instances of illegal digital protest—called “hacktivism”—can be justified vis-à-vis the pro t...
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  13.  14
    Einleitung: Neuverortungen des Privaten.Hauke Behrendt, Wulf Loh, Tobias Matzner & Catrin Misselhorn - 2019 - In Hauke Behrendt, Wulf Loh, Matzner Tobias & Catrin Misselhorn (eds.), Privatsphäre 4.0: Eine Neuverortung des Privaten im Zeitalter der Digitalisierung. Metzler. pp. 1-10.
    Eine Neuverortung des Privaten, wie im Titel dieses Bands angekündigt – was hat es damit auf sich? Wer oder was sind die treibenden Kräfte hinter dieser Entwicklung? Warum ist sie notwendig oder zumindest sinnvoll? Was steht dabei auf dem Spiel?
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  14. Informed consent and algorithmic discrimination – is giving away your data the new vulnerable?Hauke Behrendt & Wulf Loh - 2022 - Review of Social Economy 80 (1):58-84.
    This paper discusses various forms and sources of algorithmic discrimination. In particular, we explore the connection between – at first glance – ‘voluntary’ shar- ing or selling of one’s data on the one hand and potential risks of automated decision-making based on big data and artificial intelligence on the other. We argue that the implementation of algorithm-driven profiling or decision-making mechanisms will, in many cases, disproportionately disadvantage certain vul- nerable groups that are already disadvantaged by many existing datafication practices. We (...)
     
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  15.  27
    Privatsphäre 4.0: Eine Neuverortung des Privaten im Zeitalter der Digitalisierung.Hauke Behrendt, Wulf Loh, Matzner Tobias & Catrin Misselhorn (eds.) - 2019 - Metzler.
    Wie lässt sich der Bereich des Privaten heute genau beschreiben? Welchen Wert besitzt Privatheit in digitalisierten Gesellschaften für den Einzelnen und die Gesellschaft als Ganzes? Welche Werte und Lebensformen werden durch Privatheit geschützt, welche eingeschränkt? Entstehen durch die Informationsasymmetrie zwischen Technologieunternehmen, staatlichen Verdatungsinstitutionen und Verbrauchern/Bürgern möglicherweise neue Machtstrukturen? Welche rechtlichen Implikationen ergeben sich hieraus? Dieser Band geht diesen und anderen Fragen, die sich im Hinblick auf die etablierte Gleichung von Freiheit und Privatheit stellen, nach und versucht Antworten zu finden.
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  16.  13
    Anonymity, fidelity to law, and digital Civil disobedience.Wulf Loh - 2023 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 49 (4):448-476.
    Making use of the liberal concept of civil disobedience, this paper assesses, under which circumstances instances of illegal digital protest—called “hacktivism”—can be justified vis-à-vis the pro tanto political obligation to obey the law. For this, the paper draws on the three main criteria for liberal civil disobedience—publicity, nonviolence, and fidelity to law—and examines how these can be transferred to the realm of the digital. One of the main disanalogies between street and cyberspace protests is the tendency of hacktivists to remain (...)
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  17.  32
    Augmented learning, smart glasses and knowing how.Wulf Loh & Catrin Misselhorn - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (2):297-308.
    While recent studies suggest that augmented learning employing smart glasses increases overall learning performance, in this paper we are more interested in the question which repercussions ALSG will have on the type of knowledge that is acquired. Drawing from the theoretical discussion within epistemology about the differences between Knowledge-How and Knowledge-That, we will argue that ALSG furthers understanding as a series of epistemic and non-epistemic Knowing-Hows. Focusing on academic knowledge acquisition, especially with respect to early curriculum experiments in various STEM (...)
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  18.  1
    Politik.Wulf Loh - 2018 - In Daniel Martin Feige, Sebastian Ostritsch & Markus Rautzenberg (eds.), Philosophie des Computerspiels: Theorie – Praxis – Ästhetik. Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler. pp. 149-173.
    An der Schnittstelle zwischen Computerspielen und Politik lassen sich vier primäre Themenfelder ausmachen, die prima facie für eine philosophische Untersuchung von Interesse sind. Zunächst einmal könnte man über Computerspielpolitik sprechen, d. h. das Politikfeld ›Computerspiele‹, in dem politische Zielsetzungen, Normen und Handlungen debattiert, Entscheidungen getroffen und diese auch konkret in Rechtsnormen umgesetzt werden. Computerspielpolitik in diesem Sinne ist ein Unterressort der Medien- bzw. der Kulturpolitik. Urheberrechts- und Weiterverwertungsfragen, Fragen der Kulturförderung, aber auch die Frage der Altersfreigabe und Indizierung von Computerspielen (...)
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  19.  3
    Soziale Medien.Wulf Loh - 2021 - In Michael G. Festl (ed.), Handbuch Liberalismus. J.B. Metzler. pp. 543-551.
    In seiner „Unabhängigkeitserklärung des Cyberspace“ zeichnete John Perry BarlowBarlow, John Perry eine Welt jenseits staatlicher Kontrolle und kapitalistischer Verwertungslogiken. Diese frühe egalitäre, anarchistische und antikapitalistische Utopie des Internet ist einer gewissen Ernüchterung gewichen. Zwar vermag es das Netz, besonders in seiner Eigenschaft als Agglomeration von vernetzten Öffentlichkeiten, traditionelle Hierarchien und Zugangsbeschränkungen abzubauen und auf diese Weise Partizipation und Teilhabe inklusiver und egalitärer zu gestalten.
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  20.  40
    The Gamification of Political Participation.Wulf Loh - 2019 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 6 (2):261-280.
    Political participation lies at the heart of normative democratic theory. To foster participatory interactions between citizens, some advocates and designers are resorting to gamification as the use of psycho-motivational involvement strategies from games in non-game contexts. The hope is that through gamification mechanisms, citizens will be drawn more easily towards participation platforms, apps, and digital services, as well as remain there longer, thereby effectively enhancing participation numbers and time. In this article, I will explore the potential problems of these involvement (...)
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