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Profile: Xi Chen
Profile: Xi Chen
Profile: Xi Chen (Northwestern University)
Profile: Xiaohua Chen (Xiangtan University)
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  1. The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Hanne Andersen, Peter Barker & Xiang Chen - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions became the most widely read book about science in the twentieth century. His terms 'paradigm' and 'scientific revolution' entered everyday speech, but they remain controversial. In the second half of the twentieth century, the new field of cognitive science combined empirical psychology, computer science, and neuroscience. In this book, the theories of concepts developed by cognitive scientists are used to evaluate and extend Kuhn's most influential ideas. Based on case studies of the Copernican revolution, (...)
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  2.  11
    Unconscious Attention Modulates the Silencing Effect of Top-Down Predictions.Xu Chen, Guangming Ran, Qi Zhang & Tianqiang Hu - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 34:63-72.
  3.  22
    Coordinating Cognition: The Costs and Benefits of Shared Gaze During Collaborative Search.Susan E. Brennan, Xin Chen, Christopher A. Dickinson, Mark B. Neider & Gregory J. Zelinsky - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1465-1477.
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  4.  12
    Prediction and Unconscious Attention Operate Synergistically to Facilitate Stimulus Processing: An fMRI Study.Guangming Ran, Xu Chen, Xiaojun Cao & Qi Zhang - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 44:41-50.
  5.  9
    Attention Modulates Neural Responses to Unpredictable Emotional Faces in Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex.Guangming Ran, Xu Chen, Qi Zhang, Yuanxiao Ma & Xing Zhang - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  6.  30
    The Family and Harmonious Medical Decision Making: Cherishing an Appropriate Confucian Moral Balance.X. Chen & R. Fan - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (5):573-586.
    This essay illustrates what the Chinese family-based and harmony-oriented model of medical decision making is like as well as how it differs from the modern Western individual-based and autonomy-oriented model in health care practice. The essay discloses the roots of the Chinese model in the Confucian account of the family and the Confucian view of harmony. By responding to a series of questions posed to the Chinese model by modern Western scholars in terms of the basic individualist concerns and values (...)
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  7. Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Ordered Weighted Cosine Similarity Measure and Its Application in Investment Decision-Making.Donghai Liu, Xiaohong Chen & Dan Peng - 2017 - Complexity:1-11.
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  8.  29
    Kuhn on Concepts and Categorization.Peter Barker, Xiang Chen & Hanne Andersen - 2003 - In Thomas Nickles (ed.), Thomas Kuhn. Cambridge University Press. pp. 212--245.
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  9.  6
    Cognitive-Processing Bias in Chinese Student Teachers with Strong and Weak Professional Identity.Xin-Qiang Wang, Jun-Cheng Zhu, Lu Liu & Xiang-yu Chen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  10. Kuhn's Mature Philosophy of Science and Cognitive Psychology.Hanne Andersen, Peter Barker & Xiang Chen - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9 (3):347 – 363.
    Drawing on the results of modem psychology and cognitive science we suggest that the traditional theory of concepts is no longer tenable, and that the alternative account proposed by Kuhn may now be seen to have independent empirical support quite apart from its success as part of an account of scientific change. We suggest that these mechanisms can also be understood as special cases of general cognitive structures revealed by cognitive science. Against this background, incommensurability is not an insurmountable obstacle (...)
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  11.  10
    Effects of Working Memory Load on Uncertain Decision-Making: Evidence From the Iowa Gambling Task.Ji-Fang Cui, Ya Wang, Hai-Song Shi, Lu-Lu Liu, Xing-Jie Chen & Ying-He Chen - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  12.  10
    The Energetics of Motivated Cognition: A Force-Field Analysis.Arie W. Kruglanski, Jocelyn J. Bélanger, Xiaoyan Chen, Catalina Köpetz, Antonio Pierro & Lucia Mannetti - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (1):1-20.
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  13.  2
    The Long-Term Extreme Price Risk Measure of Portfolio in Inventory Financing: An Application to Dynamic Impawn Rate Interval.Juan He, Jian Wang, Xianglin Jiang, Xiangfeng Chen & Lei Chen - 2015 - Complexity 20 (5):17-34.
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  14. Continuity Through Revolutions: A Frame-Based Account of Conceptual Change During Scientific Revolutions.Xiang Chen & Peter Barker - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):223.
    In this paper we examine the pattern of conceptual change during scientific revolutions by using methods from cognitive psychology. We show that the changes characteristic of scientific revolutions, especially taxonomic changes, can occur in a continuous manner. Using the frame model of concept representation to capture structural relations within concepts and the direct links between concept and taxonomy, we develop an account of conceptual change in science that more adequately reflects the current understanding that episodes like the Copernican revolution are (...)
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  15. Kuhn's Theory of Scientific Revolutions and Cognitive Psychology.Xiang Chen, Hanne Andersen & Peter Barker - 1998 - Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):5 – 28.
    In a previous article we have shown that Kuhn's theory of concepts is independently supported by recent research in cognitive psychology. In this paper we propose a cognitive re-reading of Kuhn's cyclical model of scientific revolutions: all of the important features of the model may now be seen as consequences of a more fundamental account of the nature of concepts and their dynamics. We begin by examining incommensurability, the central theme of Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions, according to two different (...)
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  16. Thomas Kuhn's Latest Notion of Incommensurability.Xiang Chen - 1997 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (2):257-273.
    To correct the misconception that incommensurability implies incomparability, Kuhn lately develops a new interpretation of incommensurability. This includes a linguistic theory of scientific revolutions (the theory of kinds), a cognitive exploration of the language learning process (the analogy of bilingualism), and an epistemological discussion on the rationality of scientific development (the evolutionary epistemology). My focus in this paper is to review Kuhn's effort in eliminating relativism, highlighting both the insights and the difficulties of his new version of incommensurability . Finally (...)
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  17.  3
    Multipopulation Management in Evolutionary Algorithms and Application to Complex Warehouse Scheduling Problems.Yadong Yu, Haiping Ma, Mei Yu, Sengang Ye & Xiaolei Chen - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-14.
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  18.  12
    Why Did John Herschel Fail to Understand Polarization? The Differences Between Object and Event Concepts.X. Chen - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (3):491-513.
    This paper offers a solution to a problem in Herschel studies by drawing on the dynamic frame model for concept representation offered by cognitive psychology. Applying the frame model to represent the conceptual frameworks of the particle and wave theories, this paper shows that discontinuity between the particle and wave frameworks consists mainly in the transition from a particle notion 'side' to a wave notion 'phase difference'. By illustrating intraconceptual relations within concepts, the frame representations reveal the ontological differences between (...)
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  19.  71
    Object and Event Concepts: A Cognitive Mechanism of Incommensurability.Xiang Chen - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):962-974.
    In this paper I examine a cognitive mechanism of incommensurability. Using the frame model of concept representation to capture structural relations within concepts, I reveal an ontological difference between object and event concepts: the former are spatial but the latter temporal. Experiments from cognitive sciences further demonstrate that the mind treats object and event concepts differently. Thus, incommensurability can occur in conceptual change across different ontological categories. I use a historical case to illustrate how the ontological difference between an object (...)
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  20.  2
    Predicting Individual Brain Maturity Using Dynamic Functional Connectivity.Jian Qin, Shan-Guang Chen, Dewen Hu, Ling-Li Zeng, Yi-Ming Fan, Xiao-Ping Chen & Hui Shen - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  21.  3
    Hostile Attribution Bias Mediates the Relationship Between Structural Variations in the Left Middle Frontal Gyrus and Trait Angry Rumination.Yueyue Wang, Wenfeng Zhu, Mingyue Xiao, Qin Zhang, Yufang Zhao, Hao Zhang, Xu Chen, Yong Zheng & Ling-Xiang Xia - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  22.  38
    The Object Bias and the Study of Scientific Revolutions: Lessons From Developmental Psychology.Xiang Chen - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (4):479 – 503.
    I propose a new perspective on the study of scientific revolutions. This is a transformation from an object-only perspective to an ontological perspective that properly treats objects and processes as distinct kinds. I begin my analysis by identifying an object bias in the study of scientific revolutions, where it takes the form of representing scientific revolutions as changes in classification of physical objects. I further explore the origins of this object bias. Findings from developmental psychology indicate that children cannot distinguish (...)
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  23.  17
    A Different Kind of Revolutionary Change: Transformation From Object to Process Concepts.Xiang Chen - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (2):182-191.
    I propose a new perspective with which to understand scientific revolutions. This is a conversion from an object-only perspective to one that properly treats object and process concepts as distinct kinds. I begin with a re-examination of the Copernican revolution. Recent findings from the history of astronomy suggest that the Copernican revolution was a move from a conceptual framework built around an object concept to one built around a process concept. Drawing from studies in the cognitive sciences, I then show (...)
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  24.  9
    Emotional Prediction: An ALE Meta-Analysis and MACM Analysis.Guangming Ran, Xiaojun Cao & Xu Chen - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 58:158-169.
  25.  8
    The Ethics of Self: Another Version of Confucian Ethics.Xunwu Chen - 2014 - Asian Philosophy 24 (1):67-81.
  26.  4
    PROTACs: An Emerging Targeting Technique for Protein Degradation in Drug Discovery.Shanshan Gu, Danrui Cui, Xiaoyu Chen, Xiufang Xiong & Yongchao Zhao - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (4):1700247.
    Proteolysis-targeting chimeric molecules represent an emerging technique that is receiving much attention for therapeutic intervention. The mechanism is based on the inhibition of protein function by hijacking a ubiquitin E3 ligase for protein degradation. The hetero-bifunctional PROTACs contain a ligand for recruiting an E3 ligase, a linker, and another ligand to bind with the protein targeted for degradation. Thus, PROTACs have profound potential to eliminate “undruggable” protein targets, such as transcription factors and non-enzymatic proteins, which are not limited to physiological (...)
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  27.  2
    The Intuitionistic Fuzzy Linguistic Cosine Similarity Measure and Its Application in Pattern Recognition.Donghai Liu, Xiaohong Chen & Dan Peng - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-11.
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  28.  8
    Taxonomic Changes and the Particle-Wave Debate in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain.Xiang Chen - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (2):251-271.
  29.  42
    The Rule of Reproducibility and its Applications in Experiment Appraisal.Xiang Chen - 1994 - Synthese 99 (1):87 - 109.
  30.  60
    Transforming Temporal Knowledge: Conceptual Change Between Event Concepts.Xiang Chen - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (1):49-73.
    : This paper offers a preliminary analysis of conceptual change between event concepts. It begins with a brief review of the major findings of cognitive studies on event knowledge. The script model proposed by Schank and Abelson was the first attempt to represent event knowledge. Subsequent cognitive studies indicated that event knowledge is organized in the form of dimensional organizations in which temporally successive actions are related causally. This paper proposes a frame representation to capture and outline the internal structure (...)
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  31.  4
    Precision Security: Integrating Video Surveillance with Surrounding Environment Changes.Wenfeng Wang, Xi Chen, Guiwei Zhang, Jing Qian, Peng Wei, Boqian Wu & Hongwei Zheng - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-10.
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  32.  78
    The 'Platforms' for Comparing Incommensurable Taxonomies: A Cognitive-Historical Analysis. [REVIEW]Xiang Chen - 2002 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 33 (1):1-22.
    This paper examines taxonomy comparison from a cognitive perspective. Arguments are developed by drawing on the results of cognitive psychology, which reveal the cognitive mechanisms behind the practice of taxonomy comparison. The taxonomic change in 19th-century ornithology is also used to uncover the historical practice that ornithologists employed in the revision of the classification of birds. On the basis of cognitive and historical analyses, I argue that incommensurable taxonomies can be compared rationally. Using a frame model to represent taxonomy, I (...)
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  33.  4
    Does Self-Serving Leadership Hinder Team Creativity? A Moderated Dual-Path Model.Jian Peng, Zhen Wang & Xiao Chen - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-15.
    Self-serving leadership is a form of unethical leadership behavior that has destructive effect on its targets and the overall organization. Adopting a social cognition perspective, this study expands our knowledge of its adverse effect and the way to mitigate the effect. Integrating two sub-theories of social cognition, we propose a theoretical model wherein self-serving leadership hinders team creativity through psychological safety as well as knowledge hiding, with task interdependence acting as a contextual condition. Results from a sample of 107 R&D (...)
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  34. Edouard Machery: Doing Without Concepts.Xiang Chen - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (5):1253-1255.
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  35.  12
    Family-Oriented Health Savings Accounts: Facing the Challenges of Health Care Allocation.R. Fan, X. Chen & Y. Cao - 2012 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (6):507-512.
  36.  12
    Cultivating Oneself After the Images of Sages: Another Version of Ethical Personalism.Xunwu Chen - 2012 - Asian Philosophy 22 (1):51-62.
    Countering the general reading of Confucian ethics as a form of virtue ethics or humanistic ethics, this essay reads Confucian ethics as a form of ethical personalism. Doing so, it examines the ethical orientations in the Confucian classics, The Analects, Da Xue, and others, pointing out that the touchstone concept of Confucian ethics taught in these classics is the person, recalling the Confucian motto of ethical cultivation, ?inner sagehood and outer kinghood?. It demonstrates that only the name of personalism describes (...)
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  37.  24
    Toward a Confucian Family-Oriented Health Care System for the Future of China.Y. Cao, X. Chen & R. Fan - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (5):452-465.
    Recently implemented Chinese health insurance schemes have failed to achieve a Chinese health care system that is family-oriented, family-based, family-friendly, or even financially sustainable. With this diagnosis in hand, the authors argue that a financially and morally sustainable Chinese health care system should have as its core family health savings accounts supplemented by appropriate health insurance plans. This essay’s arguments are set in the context of Confucian moral commitments that still shape the background culture of contemporary China.
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  38.  3
    I Have an Appointment with the Spring: The Contractual Dimension of Confucianism.Xunwu Chen - 2018 - Asian Philosophy 28 (1):20-34.
    This essay explores the contractual dimension in Confucianism. It demonstrates that essential to Confucianism is the concept of three contracts: the contract of mind with oneself, the cultural contract with society and community; and the moral contract with humanity and the universe at large. Confucianism may not be labelled as contractualism. Nonetheless one would not have an adequate understanding of Confucianism without a view of the contractual dimension of Confucianism. Confucianism may not be labelled as realism. However, essential to Confucianism (...)
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  39.  4
    Opinion Dynamics of Social-Similarity-Based Hegselmann–Krause Model.Xi Chen, Xiao Zhang, Yong Xie & Wei Li - 2017 - Complexity:1-12.
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  40. Why Did John Herschel Fail to Understand Polarization? The Differences Between Object and Event Concepts.Xiang Chen - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (3):491-513.
    This paper offers a solution to a problem in Herschel studies by drawing on the dynamic frame model for concept representation offered by cognitive psychology. Applying the frame model to represent the conceptual frameworks of the particle and wave theories, this paper shows that discontinuity between the particle and wave frameworks consists mainly in the transition from a particle notion ‘side’ to a wave notion ‘phase difference’. By illustrating intraconceptual relations within concepts, the frame representations reveal the ontological differences between (...)
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  41.  2
    Active Construction of Profession-Related Events: The Priming Effect Among Pre-Service Teachers with Different Professional Identity.Xin-Qiang Wang, Jun-Cheng Zhu, Lu Liu, Xiang-yu Chen & Jun-yu Huo - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  42. Taxonomic Changes and the Particle-Wave Debate in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain.Xiang Chen - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (2):251-271.
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  43.  85
    Various Concepts of “Supervenience” and Their Relations: A Comment on Kim's Theory of Supervenience.Xiaoping Chen - 2011 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (2):316-333.
    Supervenience was first used by Donald Davidson to describe the dependent and independent relationships between the mental and the physical. Jaegwon Kim presented a more precise definition, distinguishing between three types of supervenience: weak, strong and global. Kim further proved that strong and global supervenience are equivalent. However, three years later, Kim argued that strong supervenience is stronger than global supervenience, while weak supervenience and global supervenience are independent of each other. This paper demonstrates that Kim’s conclusion that weak supervenience (...)
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  44.  3
    Modelling and Analysis of Automobile Vibration System Based on Fuzzy Theory Under Different Road Excitation Information.Xue-wen Chen & Yue Zhou - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-9.
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  45.  13
    Occidentalism as Counterdiscourse: "He Shang" in Post-Mao China.Xiaomei Chen - 1992 - Critical Inquiry 18 (4):686-712.
    In the years since its introduction, Edward Said’s celebrated study Orientalism has acquired a near-paradigmatic status as a model of the relationships between Western and non-Western cultures. Said seeks to show how Western imperialist images of its colonial others—images that, of course, are inevitably and sharply at odds with the self-understanding of the indigenous non-Western cultures they purport to represent—not only govern the West’s hegemonic policies, but were imported into the West’s political and cultural colonies where they affected native points (...)
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  46. Why Do Scientists Have Disagreements About Experiment?: Incommensurability in the Use of Goal-Derived Categories.Xiang Chen - 1994 - Perspectives on Science 2:275-301.
     
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  47.  83
    How Does Downward Causation Exist?—A Comment on Kim’s Elimination of Downward Causation.Xiaoping Chen - 2010 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (4):652-665.
    The importance of downward causation lies in showing that it shows that functional properties such as mental properties are real, although they cannot be reduced to physical properties. Kim rejects nonreductive physicalism, which includes leading functionalism, by eliminating downward causation, and thereby returns to reductionism. In this paper, I make a distinction between two aspects of function—functional meaning and functional structure and argue that functional meaning cannot be reduced to the physical level whereas functional structure can. On this basis, I (...)
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  48.  2
    Introduction to Special Section: Seismic Time-Frequency Analysis.Bo Zhang, Wenkai Lu, Xiaohong Chen, Rui Zhang, Xiaotao Wen, Huailai Zhou & Danping Cao - 2017 - Interpretation: SEG 5 (1):SCi-SCi.
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  49.  4
    Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin Mind-Body Training Changes Resting-State Low-Frequency Fluctuations in the Frontal Lobe of Older Adults: A Resting-State fMRI Study.Jing Tao, Xiangli Chen, Jiao Liu, Natalia Egorova, Xiehua Xue, Weilin Liu, Guohua Zheng, Ming Li, Jinsong Wu, Kun Hu, Zengjian Wang, Lidian Chen & Jian Kong - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  50.  19
    Defensive Medicine or Economically Motivated Corruption? A Confucian Reflection on Physician Care in China Today.Xiao-Yang Chen - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (6):635 – 648.
    In contemporary China, physicians tend to require more diagnostic work-ups and prescribe more expensive medications than are clearly medically indicated. These practices have been interpreted as defensive medicine in response to a rising threat of potential medical malpractice lawsuits. After outlining recent changes in Chinese malpractice law, this essay contends that the overuse of expensive diagnostic and therapeutic interventions cannot be attributed to malpractice concerns alone. These practice patterns are due as well, if not primarily, to the corruption of medical (...)
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