Results for 'Xavier Donato Rodr��guedez'

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  1.  89
    Credibility, Idealisation, and Model Building: An Inferential Approach.Xavier Donato Rodríguez & Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (1):101-118.
    In this article we defend the inferential view of scientific models and idealisation. Models are seen as "inferential prostheses" construed by means of an idealisation-concretisation process, which we essentially understand as a kind of counterfactual deformation procedure . The value of scientific representation is understood in terms not only of the success of the inferential outcomes arrived at with its help, but also of the heuristic power of representation and their capacity to correct and improve our models. This provides us (...)
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  2. The Structure of Idealization in Biological Theories: The Case of the Wright-Fisher Model.Donato Rodriguez Xavier & Arroyo-Santos Alfonso - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie.
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual and hypothetical conditionals that can exhibit different “degrees of contingency”. We use this idea to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, this structure explains why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful in scientific practice. For illustrative (...)
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  3. Idealization, Abduction, and Progressive Scientific Change.Xavier Donato Rodríguedez - 2007 - Theoria 22 (3):331-338.
    After a brief comparison of Aliseda’s account with different approaches to abductive reasoning, I relate abduction, as studied by Aliseda, to idealization, a notion which also occupies a very important role in scientific change, as well as to different ways of dealing with the growth of scientific knowledge understood as a particular kind of non-monotonic process. A particularly interesting kind of abductive reasoning could be that of finding an appropriate concretization case for a theory, originally revealed as extraordinarily success-ful but (...)
     
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  4. Credibility, Idealisation, and Model Building: An Inferential Approach.Xavier Donato Rodríguedez & Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (1).
    In this article we defend the inferential view of scientific models and idealisation. Models are seen as “inferential prostheses” (instruments for surrogative reasoning) construed by means of an idealisation-concretisation process, which we essentially understand as a kind of counterfactual deformation procedure (also analysed in inferential terms). The value of scientific representation is understood in terms not only of the success of the inferential outcomes arrived at with its help, but also of the heuristic power of representation and their capacity to (...)
     
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  5.  53
    The Structure of Idealization in Biological Theories: The Case of the Wright-Fisher Model.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez & Alfonso Arroyo Santos - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):11-27.
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual and hypothetical conditionals that can exhibit different "degrees of contingency". We use this idea to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, this structure explains why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful in scientific practice. For illustrative (...)
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  6. Idealization Within a Structuralist Perspective.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2011 - Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 1:65--90.
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  7.  12
    Superveniencia, Propiedades Maximales y Teoría de Modelos.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez & Marek Polanski - 2010 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 21 (3):257-276.
    We discuss and analyze two reductive arguments due to Jaegwon Kim and Theodore Sider respectively. According to the first one, strong supervenience would imply necessary coextension of properties. According to the second, this would be also the case of global supervenience. Kim and Sider make essential use of their respective notions of maximal properties, which we analyze here in the light of a natural and interesting interpretation of the underlying theory of properties. Under this interpretation, in terms of model theory, (...)
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  8.  24
    Sobre Las Nociones de Lógica y Argumento de John Stuart Mill.Xavier De Donato Rodríguez - 2015 - Télos 20 (1):51-68.
    My aim in this paper is to discuss Mill’s notions of logic and argument and to highlight the epistemic dimension that for Mill has every argument and that, it is in the light of this epistemic dimension, that an argument should be assessed. By taking into account these considerations, I focus on his criticism against deductive arguments to the effect that they commit the fallacy of begging the question. I try to show that this idea relies on his radical empiricism (...)
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  9.  39
    Inferentialism, Degrees of Commitment, and Ampliative Reasoning.Rodríguez Xavier de Donato, Bonilla Jesús Zamora & Javier González De Prado Salas - forthcoming - Synthese:1-19.
    Our purpose in this paper is to contribute to a practice-based characterization of scientific inference. We want to explore whether Brandom’s pragmatist–inferentialist framework can suitably accommodate several types of ampliative inference common in scientific reasoning and explanation. First, we argue that Brandom’s view of induction in terms of merely permissive inferences is inadequate; in order to overcome the shortcoming of Brandom’s proposal, we put forward an alternative conception of inductive, probabilistic reasoning by appeal to the notion of degrees of commitment. (...)
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  10.  57
    The Structure of Idealization in Biological Theories: The Case of the Wright-Fisher Model. [REVIEW]Xavier Donato Rodríguez & Alfonso Arroyo Santos - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):11-27.
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual and hypothetical conditionals that can exhibit different “degrees of contingency”. We use this idea to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, this structure explains why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful in scientific practice. For illustrative (...)
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  11.  50
    The Structure of Idealization in Biological Theories: The Case of the Wright-Fisher Model.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez & Alfonso Arroyo Santos - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):11-27.
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual and hypothetical conditionals that can exhibit different “degrees of contingency”. We use this idea to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, this structure explains why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful in scientific practice. For illustrative (...)
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  12.  7
    Historia, prácticas y estilos en la filosofía de la ciencia: hacia una epistemología plural.Xavier de Donato - 2013 - Dianoia 58 (71):167-174.
    Ésta es una contribución al debate originado por Guillermo Hurtado y proseguido por Manuel García-Carpintero y Horacio Luján Martínez, con relación al sentido y a los objetivos de la filosofía analítica, especialmente en Iberoamérica. En ella se defiende que las tesis de Hurtado también se pueden aplicar al cultivo de filosofías no analíticas, pues en realidad conciernen a la filosofía profesional que se practica dentro y fuera de Iberoamérica. Se sostiene, además, que si bien la profesionalización y la masificación de (...)
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  13. Atocha Aliseda, La lógica como herramienta de la razón. Razonamiento ampliativo en la creatividad, la cognición y la inferencia. [REVIEW]Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2015 - Critica 47 (140):101-105.
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  14. Idealización: concepción estructuralista y generalización modelo-teórica.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez & Marek Polanski - 2015 - Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 5:45--55.
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  15.  92
    Idealization, Abduction, and Progressive Scientific Change.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2007 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 22 (3):331-338.
    After a brief comparison of Aliseda’s account with different approaches to abductive reasoning, I relate abduction, as studied by Aliseda, to idealization, a notion which also occupies a very important role in scientific change, as well as to different ways of dealing with the growth of scientific knowledge understood as a particular kind of non-monotonic process. A particularly interesting kind of abductive reasoning could be that of finding an appropriate concretization case for a theory, originally revealed as extraordinarily success-ful but (...)
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  16. Credibility, Idealisation, and Model Building: An Inferential Approach.Xavier De Donato Rodriguez & Jesus Zamora Bonilla - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (1):101-118.
     
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  17.  61
    Partial Understanding and Concept Possession: A Dilemma.Víctor M. Verdejo & Xavier Donato Rodríguez - 2015 - Ratio 28 (2):153-162.
    In the light of partial understanding, we examine the thesis that concepts are individuated in terms of possession conditions and show that adherents face a fatal dilemma: Either concept-individuating possession conditions include cases of partially understood concepts or not. If yes, possession conditions do not individuate concepts. If no, the thesis is too restricted and lacks a minimally satisfactory level of generalization.
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  18.  26
    Meinong’s Theory of Assumptions and its Relevance for Scientific Contexts.Xavier de Donato-Rodríguez - 2016 - In Marian David & Mauro Antonelli (eds.), Existence, Fiction, Assumption: Meinongian Themes and the History of Austrian Philosophy. De Gruyter. pp. 141-174.
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  19. Scientific Controversies and the Ethics of Arguing and Belief in the Face of Rational Disagreement.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez & Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (1):39-65.
    Our main aim is to discuss the topic of scientific controversies in the context of a recent issue that has been the centre of attention of many epistemologists though not of argumentation theorists or philosophers of science, namely the ethics of belief in face of rational disagreement. We think that the consideration of scientific examples may be of help in the epistemological debate on rational disagreement, making clear some of the deficiencies of the discussion as it has been produced until (...)
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  20. Review. [REVIEW]Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2006 - Critica 38 (114):107-120.
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  21. Construction and "Worldmaking": The Significance of Nelson Goodman's Pluralism.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2009 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 24 (2):213-225.
    In the present paper, I try to defend a coherent interpretation of Goodman�s relativism by responding to the main objections of the critics. I also discuss the significance of his pluralism by relating it to the notion of construction. This will show the relevance of Goodman�s philosophy for the present days.
     
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  22. Idealization and the Structure of Theories in Biololgy.Alfonso Arroyo-Santos & Xavier De Donato-Rodríguez - 2008
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual conditionals that can exhibit different degrees of contingency. We use the idea of possible worlds to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, it is this structure what helps explain why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful (...)
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  23.  65
    Incommensurability, Comparability, and Non-Reductive Ontological Relations.José L. Falguera & Xavier Donato-Rodríguez - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):37-58.
    We begin by highlighting some points related to Kuhn’s later thoughts on the incommensurability thesis and then show to what extent the standard version of the thesis given by the structuralist metatheory allows us to capture Kuhn’s ideas. Our main aim is to establish what constitutes the basis of comparability between incommensurable theories, even in cases of incommensurability with respect to theoretical and non-theoretical terms. We propose that comparability between incommensurable theories requires some connection between their respective ontologies that can (...)
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  24.  20
    Advancing Our Understanding of Understanding: Jan Faye: The Nature of Scientific Thinking: On Interpretation, Explanation, and Understanding. Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, Xiv+333, $110.00 HB.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2015 - Metascience 24 (3):497-502.
    In recent years, there has been a lot of interest in scientific understanding. There was already a consensus in the philosophy of science about the fact that science provides understanding of the world, but until the 70s there was not a proper and systematic investigation of the matter. This investigation has been notoriously incremental in the last two decades. Nevertheless, there is still no agreed upon way of how to understand “understanding” . Faye’s contribution to the debate proves to be (...)
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  25.  17
    Bas van Fraassen’s Approach to Representation and Models in Science. [REVIEW]Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2015 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 30 (3):467-470.
  26.  16
    Superveniencia, propiedades maximales y teoría de modelos.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez & Marek Polanski - 2006 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 21 (3):257-276.
    En el presente artículo, se examinan y discuten dos argumentos con consecuencias reduccionistas debidos a Jaegwon Kim y a Theodore Sider respectivamente. De acuerdo con el argumento de Kim, la superveniencia fuerte implicaría la coexistencia necesaria de propiedades (es decir, tal y como normalmente se interpreta, la reducción). De acuerdo con el de Sider, ocurriría lo mismo con la superveniencia global. Uno y otro hacen un uso esencial de sendas nociones de propiedad maximal, las cuales son discutidas aquí a la (...)
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  27.  12
    Reseña de "Lo a priori constitutivo: historia y prospectiva" de Álvaro J. Peláez Cedrés.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2011 - Signos Filosóficos 13 (25):171-180.
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  28.  7
    Thinking Disagreement.Víctor M. Verdejo & Xavier de Donato-Rodríguez - 2021 - Theoria 87 (6):1562-1584.
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  29. Juicio.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2011 - In Luis Vega and Paula Olmos (ed.), Compendio de Lógica, Argumentación y Retórica. Editorial Trotta.
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  30. Absurdo, reducción al.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2011 - In Luis Vega and Paula Olmos (ed.), Compendio de Lógica, Argumentación y Retórica. Editorial Trotta.
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  31.  4
    Regreso al infinito.Xavier De Donato - 2011 - In Luis Vega and Paula Olmos (ed.), Compendio de Lógica, Argumentación y Retórica. Editorial Trotta.
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  32. Asunción.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2011 - In Luis Vega and Paula Olmos (ed.), Compendio de Lógica, Argumentación y Retórica. Editorial Trotta.
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  33. Analogía.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2011 - In Luis Vega and Paula Olmos (ed.), Compendio de Lógica, Argumentación y Retórica. Editorial Trotta.
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  34.  2
    Proposición.Xavier De Donato - 2011 - In Luis Vega and Paula Olmos (ed.), Compendio de Lógica, Argumentación y Retórica. Editorial Trotta.
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  35.  6
    Inferentialism, Degrees of Commitment, and Ampliative Reasoning.Jesús Zamora Bonilla, Xavier de Donato Rodríguez & Javier González de Prado Salas - 2017 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 4):909-927.
    Our purpose in this paper is to contribute to a practice-based characterization of scientific inference. We want to explore whether Brandom’s pragmatist–inferentialist framework can suitably accommodate several types of ampliative inference common in scientific reasoning and explanation. First, we argue that Brandom’s view of induction in terms of merely permissive inferences is inadequate; in order to overcome the shortcoming of Brandom’s proposal, we put forward an alternative conception of inductive, probabilistic reasoning by appeal to the notion of degrees of commitment. (...)
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  36.  1
    Partial Understanding and Concept Possession: A Dilemma.Víctor M. Verdejo & Xavier de Donato Rodríguez - 2015 - Ratio 28 (2):153-162.
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  37. Idealization Xiv: Models in Science.Giacomo Borbone & Krzysztof Brzechczyn (eds.) - 2016 - Brill | Rodopi.
    The book "Idealization XIV: Models in Science" offers a detailed ontological, epistemological and historical account of the role of models in scientific practice. The volume contains contributions of different international scholars who developed many aspects of the use of idealizations and models both in the natural and the social sciences. This volume is particularly relevant because it offers original contributions concerning one of the main topic in philosophy of science: the role of models in such branches of the sciences and (...)
     
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  38.  3
    La «Passio» di san Donato vescovo di Arezzo, edizione critica, traduzione e commento a cura di Pierluigi Licciardello, SISMEL - Edizioni del Galluzzo, Firenze 2018.Donato Bono - 2019 - Augustinianum 59 (2):554-557.
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  39.  28
    Xavier Léon/Élie Halévy Correspondance (1891-1898).Xavier Léon, Élie Halévy & Perrine Simon-Nahum - 1993 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 98 (1/2):3 - 58.
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  40.  19
    Death and the Critic: Eugenio Donato's Script of DecadenceThe Script of Decadence. [REVIEW]Henry Sussman & Eugenio Donato - 1995 - Diacritics 25 (3):73.
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  41. Doctor Xavier EMMANUELLI.Doctor Xavier Emmanuelli, Leonid Roshal, Boris Cyrulnik, Hatem Kotrane, Alexey Ivanovitch Golovane, Norman Long & Pr Elena Rostislavovna Yarskaya-Smirnova - forthcoming - Philosophy.
     
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  42.  12
    RESEÑA de: Escribano, Xavier. Sujeto encarnado y expresión creadora : aproximación al pensamiento de Maurice Merleau-Ponty. Cabrills : Prohom edicions, 2004.Xavier Escribano - 2005 - Investigaciones Fenomenológicas 4:281.
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  43.  21
    Xavier Zubiri Texts.Xavier Zubiri - unknown
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  44. Festschrift für Xavier Tilliette Anlässlich der Verleihung der Humboldt-Medaille Durch Das Institut für Philosophie der Humboldt-Universität.Xavier Tilliette & Elke Hahn (eds.) - 2006 - Total-Verl..
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  45.  8
    Présentation par Xavier Tilliette de l'ouvrage «La métaphysique du'dernier'Blondel».Xavier Tilliette - 2001 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 99 (3):457-469.
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  46.  7
    Questioning Racial Prescriptions: An Interview with Jonathan Xavier Inda.Sibille Merz & Jonathan Xavier Inda - 2016 - Theory, Culture and Society 33 (7-8):338-349.
    In Racial Prescriptions, Jonathan Xavier Inda offers a critical and timely analysis of the making of BiDil, the first drug that was marketed exclusively to African Americans. Sibille Merz speaks to him about the re-articulation of racial politics under neoliberalism, the legacies of scientific racism and the molecularization of biopolitics in the genomic age.
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  47. La Filosofia Come Santità Della Ragione: Scritti in Onore di Xavier Tilliette.Xavier Tilliette, Antonio Russo & Jean-Louis Vieillard-Baron (eds.) - 2004 - Edizioni Università di Trieste.
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  48. Multifaceted Ecology Between Organicism, Emergentism and Reductionism.Donato Bergandi - 2011 - In A. Schwarz & K. Jax (eds.), Ecology Revisited. Reflecting on Concepts, Advancing Science. Springer. pp. 31-43.
    The classical holism-reductionism debate, which has been of major importance to the development of ecological theory and methodology, is an epistemological patchwork. At any moment, there is a risk of it slipping into an incoherent, chaotic Tower of Babel. Yet philosophy, like the sciences, requires that words and their correlative concepts be used rigorously and univocally. The prevalent use of everyday language in the holism-reductionism issue may give a false impression regarding its underlying clarity and coherence. In reality, the conceptual (...)
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  49.  3
    Víctor Guédez.Y. La Inclusión la Diversidad & Implicaciones Para la Cultura - 2005 - In Antonio Arellano (ed.), La Educación En Tiempos Débiles E Inciertos. Convenio Andrés Bello. pp. 205.
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  50. The Structural Links Between Ecology, Evolution and Ethics: The Virtuous Epistemic Circle.Donato Bergandi (ed.) - 2013 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    Abstract - Evolutionary, ecological and ethical studies are, at the same time, specific scientific disciplines and, from an historical point of view, structurally linked domains of research. In a context of environmental crisis, the need is increasingly emerging for a connecting epistemological framework able to express a common or convergent tendency of thought and practice aimed at building, among other things, an environmental policy management respectful of the planet’s biodiversity and its evolutionary potential. -/- Evolutionary biology, ecology and ethics: at (...)
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