Results for 'Xinxiao Nie'

736 found
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  1.  3
    The Effects of Emotion and Social Consensus on Moral Decision-Making.Dawei Wang, Xiangwei Kong, Xinxiao Nie, Yuxi Shang, Shike Xu, Yingwei He, Phil Maguire & Yixin Hu - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior:1-14.
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  2.  33
    To Set a Gross Distortion Straight: A Reply to Reidar Lie's Book Review of Jing-Bao Nie's Medical Ethics in China: A Transcultural Interpretation (Routledge 2011).Jing-Bao Nie - 2012 - Asian Bioethics Review 4 (4):399-406.
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  3.  22
    Effects of Responsible Human Resource Management Practices on Female Employees’ Turnover Intentions.Dan Nie, Anna-Maija Lämsä & Raminta Pučėtaitė - 2018 - Business Ethics: A European Review 27 (1):29-41.
    This study focuses on the effects of socially responsible human resource management practices on female employees’ turnover intentions and the moderating effect of supervisor gender on this relationship. With a sample of 212 female employees from eight different industries in Finland, the results indicate that SR-HRM practices promoting equal career opportunities and work–family integration play a significant role in reducing women's turnover intentions. The study adds to the academic discourse of corporate social responsibility by highlighting the impact of the organizational-level (...)
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  4.  20
    Healing Without Waging War: Beyond Military Metaphors in Medicine and HIV Cure Research.Jing-Bao Nie, Adam Gilbertson, Malcolm de Roubaix, Ciara Staunton, Anton van Niekerk, Joseph D. Tucker & Stuart Rennie - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):3-11.
    Military metaphors are pervasive in biomedicine, including HIV research. Rooted in the mind set that regards pathogens as enemies to be defeated, terms such as “shock and kill” have become widely accepted idioms within HIV cure research. Such language and symbolism must be critically examined as they may be especially problematic when used to express scientific ideas within emerging health-related fields. In this article, philosophical analysis and an interdisciplinary literature review utilizing key texts from sociology, anthropology, history, and Chinese and (...)
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  5.  29
    The Crisis of Patient‐Physician Trust and Bioethics: Lessons and Inspirations From China.Jing‐Bao Nie, Lun Li, Grant Gillett, Joseph D. Tucker & Arthur Kleinman - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (1):56-64.
    Trust is indispensable not only for interpersonal relationships and social life, but for good quality healthcare. As manifested in the increasing violence and tension in patient-physician relationships, China has been experiencing a widespread and profound crisis of patient–physician trust. And globally, the crisis of trust is an issue that every society, either developing or developed, has to face in one way or another. Yet, in spite of some pioneering works, the subject of patient-physician trust and mistrust – a crucial matter (...)
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  6.  9
    Hierarchical Organization in Visual Working Memory: From Global Ensemble to Individual Object Structure.Qi-Yang Nie, Hermann J. Müller & Markus Conci - 2017 - Cognition 159:85-96.
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  7.  37
    The Vicious Circle of Patient–Physician Mistrust in China: Health Professionals’ Perspectives, Institutional Conflict of Interest, and Building Trust Through Medical Professionalism.Jing‐Bao Nie, Yu Cheng, Xiang Zou, Ni Gong, Joseph D. Tucker, Bonnie Wong & Arthur Kleinman - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (1):26-36.
    To investigate the phenomenon of patient–physician mistrust in China, a qualitative study involving 107 physicians, nurses and health officials in Guangdong Province, southern China, was conducted through semi-structured interviews and focus groups. In this paper we report the key findings of the empirical study and argue for the essential role of medical professionalism in rebuilding patient-physician trust. Health professionals are trapped in a vicious circle of mistrust. Mistrust leads to increased levels of fear and self-protection by doctors which exacerbate difficulties (...)
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  8.  25
    No More Militaristic and Violent Language in Medicine: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Healing Without Waging War: Beyond Military Metaphors in Medicine and HIV Cure Research”.Jing-Bao Nie, Stuart Rennie, Adam Gilbertson & Joseph D. Tucker - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):9-11.
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  9.  40
    The United States Cover-Up of Japanese Wartime Medical Atrocities: Complicity Committed in the National Interest and Two Proposals for Contemporary Action.Jing-Bao Nie - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):W21-W33.
    To monopolize the scientific data gained by Japanese physicians and researchers from vivisections and other barbarous experiments performed on living humans in biological warfare programs such as Unit 731, immediately after the war the United States government secretly granted those involved immunity from war crimes prosecution, withdrew vital information from the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, and publicly denounced otherwise irrefutable evidence from other sources such as the Russian Khabarovsk trial. Acting in “the national interest” and for the (...)
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  10.  34
    The Leader–Member Exchange Theory in the Chinese Context and the Ethical Challenge of Guanxi.Dan Nie & Anna-Maija Lämsä - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (4):851-861.
    The leader–member relationship has been identified as a key determinant of successful working relationships and business outcomes in China. A high-quality leader–member relationship helps managers and employees to meet the demands they face and gives them the opportunity to develop socially, emotionally and morally. Such relationships form the basis of the overall well-being and success of the organisation. This article contributes to relationally oriented leadership theories and more specifically to the leader–member exchange theory by examining the theory in the context (...)
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  11.  12
    Inhibition Drives Configural Superiority of Illusory Gestalt: Combined Behavioral and Drift–Diffusion Model Evidence.Qi-Yang Nie, Mara Maurer, Hermann J. Müller & Markus Conci - 2016 - Cognition 150:150-162.
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  12.  3
    “Om nie te dink bó wat in die Skrif geskrywe staan nie” – konsistensie en ontwikkeling in die teologie van Piet Geyser.Andries G. Van Aarde & Piet A. Geyser - 2004 - Hts Theological Studies 60 (1/2).
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  13.  4
    Conflict of Interest in Scientific Research in China: A Socio-Ethical Analysis of He Jiankui’s Human Genome-Editing Experiment.Jing-Bao Nie, Guangkuan Xie, Hua Chen & Yali Cong - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (2):191-201.
    Extensive conflicts of interest at both individual and institutional levels are identifiable in scientific research and healthcare in China, as in many other parts of the world. A prominent new case from China is He Jiankui’s experiment that produced the world’s first gene-edited babies and that raises numerous ethical, political, socio-cultural, and transnational questions. Serious financial and other COI were involved in He’s genetic adventure. Using He’s infamous experiment as a case study, this paper explores the wider issue of financial (...)
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  14.  19
    Rebuilding Patient–Physician Trust in China, Developing a Trust‐Oriented Bioethics.Jing‐Bao Nie, Joseph D. Tucker, Wei Zhu, Yu Cheng, Bonnie Wong & Arthur Kleinman - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (1):4-6.
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  15.  57
    The West's Dismissal of the Khabarovsk Trial as 'Communist Propaganda': Ideology, Evidence and International Bioethics. [REVIEW]Jing-Bao Nie - 2004 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 1 (1):32-42.
    In late 1949 the former Soviet Union conducted an open trial of eight Japanese physicians and researchers and four other military servicemen in Khabarovsk, a city in eastern Siberia. Despite its strong ideological tone and many obvious shortcomings such as the lack of international participation, the trial established beyond reasonable doubt that the Japanese army had prepared and deployed bacteriological weapons and that Japanese researchers had conducted cruel experiments on living human beings. However, the trial, together with the evidence presented (...)
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  16.  53
    The Plurality of Chinese and American Medical Moralities: Toward an Interpretive Cross-Cultural Bioethics.Jing-Bao Nie - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (3):239-260.
    : Since the late 1970s, American appraisals of Chinese medical ethics and Chinese responses to American bioethics range from frank criticism to warm appreciation, from refutation to acceptance. Yet in the United States as well as in China, American bioethics and Chinese medical ethics have been seen, respectively, as individualistic and communitarian. In this widely-accepted general comparison, the great variation in the two medical moralities, especially the diversity of Chinese experiences, has been unfortunately minimized, if not totally ignored. Neither American (...)
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  17.  65
    Multiculturalism and Asian Bioethics: Cultural War or Creative Dialogue? [REVIEW]Jing-Bao Nie & Alastair V. Campbell - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (3):163-167.
  18.  3
    Connecting the East and the West, the Local and the Universal: The Methodological Elements of a Transcultural Approach to Bioethics.Jing-Bao Nie & Ruth P. Fitzgerald - 2016 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 26 (3):219-247.
    Contemporary bioethical issues are inherently cross-cultural and global in their scope. This is not surprising, as bioethical matters touch everyone in one way or another. Moral quandaries in health-care, life sciences, and biotechnology do not respect natural and human boundaries, the boundaries between and within nation-states, ethnicities, cultures, communities, and social groups. In addition, the simultaneously large-scale and intimate interactions between and within different cultures and civilizations and the rapid pace at which they change are phenomena that distinguish our times (...)
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  19.  7
    The Benevolent Polity: A Confucian Socio-Ethical Vision of Eldercare.Jing-Bao Nie - 2015 - Asian Bioethics Review 7 (3):260-276.
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  20.  23
    Perception-Action Mutuality Obviates Mental Construction.M. F. Fultot, L. Nie & C. Carello - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (2):298-307.
    Context: The dominant approach to the study of perception is representational/computational, with an emphasis on the achievements of the brain and the nervous system, which are taken to construct internal models of the world. Alternatives include ecological, embedded, embodied, and enactivist approaches, all of which emphasize the centrality of action in understanding perception. Problem: Despite sharing many theoretical commitments that lead to a rejection of the classical approach, the alternatives are characterized by important contrasts and points of divergence. Here we (...)
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  21.  64
    China’s One-Child Policy, a Policy Without a Future.Jing-bao Nie - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (3):272-287.
    :The Chinese Communist Party government has been forcefully promoting itsjihua shengyu program, known as the “one-child policy,” for more than three decades. A distinctive authoritarian model of population governance has been developed. A pertinent question to be asked is whether China’s one-child policy and the authoritarian model of population governance have a future. The answer must be no; they do not. Although there are many demographic, economic, and social rationales for terminating the one-child policy, the most fundamental reason for opposing (...)
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  22.  94
    The Problem of Coerced Abortion in China and Related Ethical Issues.Jing-bao Nie - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (4):463-475.
    Since the early 1970s, despite popular opposition, to control the rapid growth of population the Chinese government has been carrying out the strictest and most comprehensive family planning policy in the world. In addition to contraceptive methods and sterilization, artificial abortionhas been used as an important measure of birth control under the policy. Many women have been required, persuaded, and even forced by the authorities to abort fetuses no matter how much they want to give birth.
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  23. Challenges Of Japanese Doctors' Human Experimentation In China For East-Asian And Chinese Bioethics: Commentary On Tsuchiya.Jing-bao Nie - 2001 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 11 (1):3-7.
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  24.  32
    Dlaczego nie istnieje filozofia polska.Barry Smith - 1997 - Filozofia Nauki 5 (1):5-15.
    The author raises the question why Polish philosophy (by which he means Polish analytical philosophy, or the philosophy of the Lvov-Warsaw School) differs so much from what is known as 'Continental philosophy'. He identifies and analyses the following factors which have influenced philosophical developments in Poland: socialism, the connection between philosophy and mathematics, the influence of Austrian philosophy, the peculiar role of K. Twardowski, and Catholicism. The article ends with an appeal for not tolerating irrationalism and relativism in philosophy.
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  25.  4
    Developing an Efficient Deep Learning-Based Trusted Model for Pervasive Computing Using an LSTM-Based Classification Model.Yang He, Shah Nazir, Baisheng Nie, Sulaiman Khan & Jianhui Zhang - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-6.
    Mobile and pervasive computing is one of the recent paradigms available in the area of information technology. The role of pervasive computing is foremost in the field where it provides the ability to distribute computational services to the surroundings where people work and leads to issues such as trust, privacy, and identity. To provide an optimal solution to these generic problems, the proposed research work aims to implement a deep learning-based pervasive computing architecture to address these problems. Long short-term memory (...)
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  26. A Demonstration of the Transition From Ready-to-Hand to Unready-to-Hand.Anthony Chemero & Lin Nie - unknown
    The ideas of continental philosopher Martin Heidegger have been influential in cognitive science and artificial intelligence, despite the fact that there has been no effort to analyze these ideas empirically. The experiments reported here are designed to lend empirical support to Heidegger’s phenomenology and more specifically his description of the transition between ready-to-hand and unready-to-hand modes in interactions with tools. In experiment 1, we found that a smoothly coping cognitive system exhibits 1/fβ type positively correlated noise and that its correlated (...)
     
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  27.  30
    The Social Practice of Medical Guanxi and Patient–Physician Trust in China: An Anthropological and Ethical Study.Xiang Zou, Yu Cheng & Jing‐Bao Nie - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (1):45-55.
    In China's healthcare sector, a popular and socio-culturally distinctive phenomenon known as guanxi jiuyi, whereby patients draw on their guanxi with physicians when seeking healthcare, is thriving. Integrating anthropological investigation with normative inquiry, this paper examines medical guanxi through the lens of patient–physician trust and mistrust. The first-hand empirical data acquired – on the lived experiences and perspectives of both patients and physicians – is based on six months' fieldwork carried out in a county hospital in Guangdong, southern China, which (...)
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  28.  8
    Nie-Staatlike Owerheidstaak in Beskawingsamehang.H. J. Strauss - 1965 - Philosophia Reformata 30 (2-4):198-204.
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  29.  2
    In-Depth Analysis of Railway and Company Evolution of Yangtze River Delta with Deep Learning.Renzhou Gui, Tongjie Chen & Han Nie - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-25.
    The coordinated development of smart cities has become the goal of world urban development, and the railway network plays an important role in this progress. This paper proposes a solution that integrates data acquisition, storage, GIS visualization, deep learning, and statistical correlation analysis to deeply analyze the distribution data of companies collected in the past 40 years in the Yangtze River Delta. Through deep learning, we predict the spatial distribution of the company after the opening of the train stations. Through (...)
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  30.  19
    Wolf Recovery and Management as Value-Based Political Conflict.Martin A. Nie - 2002 - Ethics, Place and Environment 5 (1):65 – 71.
    The debate over wolf recovery and management in the United States is best understood as a value-based political conflict that transcends issues strictly pertaining to science, biology and techno-rational approaches to problem solving. Political and cultural context will shape the future of the wolf as it has its past. A policy-oriented approach has much to offer the debate, especially if it is contextual and places human values and ethics at the center of its analysis. It is also important for those (...)
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  31.  4
    Access to Care by Older Rural People in a Post-Reform Chinese Hospital: An Ethical Evaluation of Anthropological Findings.Xiang Zou & Jing-Bao Nie - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (1):57-68.
    This paper examines older people’s access to care experiences in rural China by integrating anthropological investigation with ethical inquiry. Six months of fieldwork in a post-reform primary hospital show how rural residents struggle to access gerontological and nursing care under socially disadvantageous conditions. This anthropological investigation highlights the unmet needs in medical and nursing care for older people, as well as some social, institutional and structural elements that impede access to care. Centring on protecting the vulnerable as informed by feminist (...)
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  32. Czy wiedzy Boga nie da się pogodzić z wolnością człowieka? Krytyczna analiza niektórych argumentów.Marek Pepliński - 2012 - Filo-Sofija 12 (19, 4):175-192.
    Is Divine Knowledge Incompatible with Human Freedom? An Analysis of Some Arguments The problem that divine omniscience or divine foreknowledge makes free will impossible belongs to notoriously difficult to solve. In XX century one of the most important interpretation of this difficulty was provided by Nelson Pike. If God believes infallibly and in advance how Smith will act, this fact about the past excludes out all alternatives for Smith. But libertarian account of free will requires alternatives possibilities, so, it could (...)
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  33.  10
    Authors’ Response: Complementarity of Symmetry and Asymmetry.M. F. Fultot, L. Nie & C. Carello - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (2):335-345.
    Upshot: Gibsonian and enactivist thinkers appear to diverge primarily with respect to the emphasis placed on the contributions of the organism to perception-action. Enactivists claim that a fundamental asymmetry in the organism-environment relationship should be credited for the existence of meaning in the world. Gibsonians counter that theory must reckon with both the asymmetry and symmetry between organism and environment as well as with the role of specificational information in underwriting their coordination.
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  34.  22
    Moving Toward Gender Justice.Anne Donchin, Susan Dodds & Jing-Bao Nie - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (9):ii-iii.
  35.  33
    Cultural Values Embodying Universal Norms: A Critique of a Popular Assumption About Cultures and Human Rights.Nie Jing-bao - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):251–257.
    ABSTRACTIn Western and non‐Western societies, it is a widely held belief that the concept of human rights is, by and large, a Western cultural norm, often at odds with non‐Western cultures and, therefore, not applicable in non‐Western societies. The Universal Draft Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights reflects this deep‐rooted and popular assumption. By using Chinese culture as an illustration, this article points out the problems of this widespread misconception and stereotypical view of cultures and human rights. It highlights the (...)
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  36.  6
    Kultur machen? Nie trägerlos! Versuch einer Standortbestimmung des Kollektivansatzes.Dominic Busch - 2015 - Zeitschrift Für Kultur- Und Kollektivwissenschaft 1 (1):111-154.
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  37.  36
    High-Resolution Electron Microscopy Observations of the Microstructure of a Rapidly Solidified Mg–9.0 Wt% Al–1.0 Wt% Zn–4.0 Wt% Sn Alloy. [REVIEW]D. Zhao, Y. Liu, X. Nie, J. Zhou, J. Wang, Y. Shen, S. Zhu & S. Guan - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (19-21):2654-2660.
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  38. Wartość (nie)istnienia.Joanna Różyńska - 2011 - Etyka 44:124-147.
    Niektórzy filozofowie twierdzą, że można kogoś skrzywdzić albo wyświadczyć mu dobrodziejstwo, powołując go do istnienia. Twierdzenie to opiera się na założeniu, że możliwe jest porównanie aktualnego poziomu dobrostanu osoby z poziomem dobrostanu, jaki osoba ta miałaby, gdyby nigdy nie zaistniała. Celem tej pracy jest zbadanie, czy możliwe jest dokonanie takiej porównawczej oceny w sensowny, logiczny i metafizycznie niewadliwy sposób. Analizuję argumenty sformułowane przez Nilsa Holtuga i Melindę Roberts na rzecz tezy, że istnienie może być gorsze albo lepsze dla osoby od (...)
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  39.  1
    „Wolałbym nie istnieć, niż żyć w takim stanie”. O koncepcji krzywdy opartej na racjonalnej preferencji Joela Feinberga.Joanna Różyńska - 2014 - Etyka 49:59-82.
    Czy można skrzywdzić osobę powołując ją do istnienia we wrodzonej chorobie lub niepełnosprawności? To pytanie od lat jest przedmiotem sporów w literaturze etycznej i prawniczej. Standardowa koncepcja krzywdy kontrfaktycznej nie sprawdza się bowiem na gruncie wyborów prokreacyjnych, przede wszystkim ze względu na tzw. problem nie-istnienia oraz problem nie-tożsamości. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest krytyczne przeanalizowanie alternatywnej koncepcji krzywdy wypracowanej przez Joela Feinberga – krzywdy opartej na racjonalnej preferencji. Wykazane zostanie, że koncepcja ta jest oporna na problem nie-istnienia. Rodzi jednak wiele problemów (...)
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  40.  11
    \"Nie błagałeś dla siebie o długie życie...\" - próba filozoficznej interpretacji snu Salomona.Ireneusz Ziemiński - 2005 - Filo-Sofija 5 (1(5)):47-64.
    Author: Ziemiński Ireneusz Title: “BECAUSE THOU HAST NOT ASKED FOR THYSELF LONG LIFE...” AN ATTEMPT AT PHILOSOPHICAL INTERPRETATION OF SALOMON’S DREAM („Nie błagałeś dla siebie o długie życie...” – próba filozoficznej interpretacji snu Salomona) Source: Filo-Sofija year: 2005, vol:.5, number: 2005/1, pages: 33-43 Keywords: SALOMON, HUMAN CONDITION, GOD FOR LONG LIFE Discipline: PHILOSOPHY Language: POLISH Document type: ARTICLE Publication order reference (Primary author’s office address): E-mail: www:The author of the article presents biblical Salomon as a man who does not ask (...)
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  41.  24
    What Are the Odds of Being an Organic or Local Food Shopper? Multivariate Analysis of US Food Shopper Lifestyle Segments.Lydia Zepeda & Cong Nie - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (4):467-480.
    The growth in organic and local foods consumption has been examined using two different approaches to identify characteristics and motivations of food shoppers: market segmentation and economic models using multivariate analysis. The former approach, based on Means-end Chain theory, examines how intrinsic characteristics of foods affect food choices. The latter microeconomic approach examines economic constraints and extrinsic factors. This study demonstrates value in combining the two approaches to generate better empirical predictions of who buys organic and local food. It also (...)
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  42.  13
    Ethical Issues in Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Practice.Yonghui Ma, Jiayu Liu, Catherine Rhodes, Yongzhan Nie & Faming Zhang - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (5):34-45.
    Fecal microbiota transplantation has demonstrated efficacy and is increasingly being used in the treatment of patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Despite a lack of high-quality trials to provide more information on the long-term effects of FMT, there has been great enthusiasm about the potential for expanding its applications. However, FMT presents many serious ethical and social challenges that must be addressed as part of a successful regulatory policy response. In this article, we draw on a sample of the scientific (...)
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  43. „Nie nasze dzieci”. Naturalizm, reprodukcyjny futuryzm i potworne macierzyństwo.Joanna Bednarek - 2018 - Etyka 57:101-119.
    Etyka troski rozwija teorię uogólnionej troski poprzez wyjście od naturalnych praktyk opiekuńczych. Jednak ze względu na jej uwikłanie w naturalizm efektem często jest zarówno wąska definicja kobiecości, jak i wąskie rozumienie troski – może ona dotyczyć tylko ludzi. Przyjęcie opieki nad dzieckiem jako paradygmatu sprawia też, że etyka troski powiela reprodukcyjny futuryzm – fantazmatyczne ujęcie polityczności jako jednolitej wspólnoty ucieleśnianej przez postać Dziecka. By pokazać, że etyka troski nie musi być naturalistyczna, konfrontuję ją z postulatem Donny Haraway, by ograniczyć reprodukcję (...)
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  44.  1
    (Nie)świadomość zwierząt a ich status moralny. Jak pogodzić etykę z filozofią umysłu?Maja Kittel - 2006 - Etyka 39:99-114.
    Filozofowie umysłu zaczynają odgrywać istotną rolę w debacie na temat statusu moralnego zwierząt. Współczesne, obiecujące koncepcje świadomości każą uznać, że zwierzęta nie są zdolne do cierpienia w ludzkim sensie, co budzi sprzeciw wielu badaczy troszczących się o los zwierząt. Ponadto, etycy uznający zdolność do cierpienia za podstawowe kryterium przyznawania statusu moralnego, są w kłopocie, gdyż wyniki nauk kognitywnych wydają się kłócić z ich intuicjami. Proponuję usunąć ten problem przez odrzucenie poglądu uznającego konieczny związek między posiadaniem statusu moralnego a zdolnością do (...)
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  45.  29
    The Dissolved Oxygen Prediction Method Based on Neural Network.Zhong Xiao, Lingxi Peng, Yi Chen, Haohuai Liu, Jiaqing Wang & Yangang Nie - 2017 - Complexity:1-6.
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  46.  4
    Nie uznawał drogi na skróty.Antoni Dębiński - 2012 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 60 (4):13-15.
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    Confucianism and Organ Donation: Moral Duties From Xiao (Filial Piety) to Ren.Jing-Bao Nie & D. Gareth Jones - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (4):583-591.
    There exists a serious shortage of organs for transplantation in China, more so than in most Western countries. Confucianism has been commonly used as the cultural and ethical reason to explain the reluctance of Chinese and other East-Asian people to donate organs for medical purposes. It is asserted that the Confucian emphasis on xiao requires individuals to ensure body intactness at death. However, based on the original texts of classical Confucianism and other primary materials, we refute this popular view. We (...)
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  48. Już nie Diels-Kranz , lecz Laks-Most.Livio Rosetti - 2016 - Peitho 7 (1):287-292.
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  49. Rynek nie jest niczemu winien.L. E. E. R. - 1997 - Prakseologia 137 (137).
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  50. Die nie al te wyse Salomo.Eben Scheffler - 2004 - Hts Theological Studies 60 (3).
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