26 found
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  1.  79
    The Concept of Responsibility: Three Stages in Its Evolution Within Bioethics.Fabrizio Turoldo & Y. Michael Barilan - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (1):114-123.
    edited by Tuija Takala and Matti Häyry, welcomes contributions on the conceptual and theoretical dimensions of bioethics.
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  2. Cultural Circumcision in Eu Public Hospitals – an Ethical Discussion.Margherita Brusa & Y. Michael Barilan - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (8):470-482.
  3.  96
    From Hope in Palliative Care to Hope as a Virtue and a Life Skill.Y. Michael Barilan - 2012 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (3):165-181.
    This paper aims at explicating a theory of hope that is also suitable for gravely ill people and based on virtue ethics, research in the psychology of “well-being,” and the philosophy of palliative care. The working hypotheses of the theory are that hope is conditioned neither by past events nor by present needs, but is not necessarily oriented toward the future, especially the distant future; that hope is related to personal agency and to freedom; and that hope is deliberative, hence (...)
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  4. Triangular Reflective Equilibrium: A Conscience-Based Method for Bioethical Deliberation.Y. Michael Barilan & Margherita Brusa - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (6):304-319.
    Following a discussion of some historical roots of conscience, we offer a systematized version of reflective equilibrium. Aiming at a comprehensive methodology for bioethical deliberation, we develop an expanded variant of reflective equilibrium, which we call ‘triangular reflective equilibrium’ and which incorporates insights from hermeneutics, critical theory and narrative ethics.We focus on a few distinctions, mainly between methods of justification in ethics and the social practice of bioethical deliberation, between coherence in ethical reasoning, personal integrity and consensus formation, and between (...)
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  5. From Imago Dei in the Jewish-Christian Traditions to Human Dignity in Contemporary Jewish Law.Y. Michael Barilan - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (3):pp. 231-259.
    The article surveys and analyzes the roles in Judaism of the value of imago Dei/human dignity, especially in bioethical contexts. Two main topics are discussed. The first is a comparative analysis of imago Dei as an anthropological and ethical concept in Jewish and Western thought (Christianity and secular European values). The Jewish tradition highlights the human body and especially its procreative function and external appearance as central to imago Dei. The second is the role of imago Dei as a moral (...)
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  6.  35
    Research Ethics, Military Medical Ethics, and the Challenges of International Law.Y. Michael Barilan & Oren Asman - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (10):53-55.
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  7. The Naturalness of the Artificial and Our Concepts of Health, Disease and Medicine.Y. Michael Barilan & Moshe Weintraub - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (3):311-325.
    This article isolates ten prepositions, which constitute the undercurrent paradigm of contemporary discourse of health disease and medicine. Discussion of the interrelationship between those prepositions leads to a systematic refutation of this paradigm. An alternative set is being forwarded. The key notions of the existing paradigm are that health is the natural condition of humankind and that disease is a deviance from that nature. Natural things are harmonious and healthy while human made artifacts are coercive interference with natural balance. It (...)
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  8.  93
    Persuasion as Respect for Persons: An Alternative View of Autonomy and of the Limits of Discourse.Moshe Weintraub & Y. Michael Barilan - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (1):13-34.
    The article calls for a departure from the common concept of autonomy in two significant ways: it argues for the supremacy of semantic understanding over procedure, and claims that clinicians are morally obliged to make a strong effort to persuade patients to accept medical advice. We interpret the value of autonomy as derived from the right persons have to respect, as agents who can argue, persuade and be persuaded in matters of utmost personal significance such as decisions about medical care. (...)
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  9.  52
    Informed Consent: Between Waiver and Excellence in Responsible Deliberation: Neil. C. Manson and Onora O’Neill, Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2007, 226 Pages, Price: £18.99, ISBN 978-0-521-87458-8. [REVIEW]Y. Michael Barilan - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (1):89-95.
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  10.  63
    The New Israeli Law on the Care of the Terminally Ill: Conceptual Innovations Waiting for Implementation.Y. Michael Barilan - 2007 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 50 (4):557-571.
  11.  57
    The Story of the Body and the Story of the Person: Towards an Ethics of Representing Human Bodies and Body-Parts.Y. Michael Barilan - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (2):193-205.
    .Western culture has a few traditions of representing the human body – among them mortuary art, the freak show, the culture of the relics, renaissance art and pre-modern and modern anatomy. A historical analysis in the spirit of Norbert Elias is offered with regard to body – person relationship in anatomy. Modern anatomy is characterized by separating the story of the person from the story of the body, a strategy that is incompatible with the bio-psycho-social paradigm of clinical medicine. The (...)
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  12.  68
    Revisiting the Problem of Jewish Bioethics: The Case of Terminal Care.Y. Michael Barilan - 2003 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (2):141-168.
    : This paper examines the main Jewish sources relevant to end-of-life ethics, two Talmudic stories, the early modern code of law (Shulhan Aruch), and contemporary Halakhaic (religious law) responsa. Some Orthodox rabbis object to the use of artificial life support that prolongs the life of a dying patient and permit its active discontinuation when the patient is suffering. Other rabbis believe that every medical measure must be taken in order to prolong life. The context of the discussion is the recent (...)
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  13.  86
    Bodyworlds and the Ethics of Using Human Remains: A Preliminary Discussion.Y. Michael Barilan - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (5):233–247.
  14.  46
    Contemporary Art and the Ethics of Anatomy.Y. Michael Barilan - 2007 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 50 (1):104-123.
  15. One or Two: An Examination of the Recent Case of the Conjoined Twins From Malta.Y. Michael Barilan - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):27 – 44.
    The article questions the assumption that conjoined twins are necessarily two people or persons by employing arguments based on different points of view: non-personal vitalism, the person as a sentient being, the person as an agent, the person as a locus of narrative and valuation, and the person as an embodied mind. Analogies employed from the cases of amputation, multiple personality disorder, abortion, split-brain patients and cloning. The article further questions the assumption that a conjoined twin's natural interest and wish (...)
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  16.  78
    Towards a Dialogue Between Utilitarianism and Medicine.Y. Michael Barilan - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (2):163-173.
    Utilitarianism focuses on the optimization of personal well being in ways that seems to make the practice of medicine irrelevant to the well being of the practitioners, unless given external incentives such as money or honor. Care based on indirect incentives is considered inferior to care motivated internally. This leads to the paradox of utilitarian care. Following Nozick's conceptual Pleasure Machine it is argued that in addition to the promotion of personal well being, people care about fulfilling their well being (...)
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  17.  34
    The Israeli Bioethical Discourse and the Steinberg Report Regarding a Proposed Bill of Rights of the Terminally Ill.Y. Michael Barilan - 2003 - Ethik in der Medizin 15 (1):59-62.
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  18.  56
    Book Review. [REVIEW]Y. Michael Barilan - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (2):151-152.
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  19.  78
    Hope and Friendship: Being and Having.Y. Michael Barilan - 2012 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (3):191-195.
    In its first part, the paper explores the challenge of conceptualizing the Thomist theological virtue of hope in Aristotelian terms that are compatible with non-Thomist and even atheist metaphysics as well. I argue that the key concept in this endeavor is friendship—as an Aristotelian virtue, as relational value in Thomist theology, as a recognized value in supportive care and as a kind of ‘personal hope.’ Then, the paper proceeds to examine the possible differences between hope as a virtue and hope (...)
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  20.  62
    Nozick’s Experience Machine and Palliative Care: Revisiting Hedonism. [REVIEW]Y. Michael Barilan - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):399-407.
    In refutation of hedonism, Nozick offered a hypothetical thought experiment, known as the Experience Machine. This paper maintains that end-of-life-suffering of the kind that is resistant to state-of-the-art palliation provides a conceptually equal experiment which validates Nozick’s observations and conclusions. The observation that very many terminal patients who suffer terribly do no wish for euthanasia or terminal sedation is incompatible with motivational hedonism. Although irreversible vegetative state and death are equivalently pain-free, very many people loath the former even at the (...)
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  21.  45
    On the Negative Account of the Self.Y. Michael Barilan - 2006 - The Pluralist 1 (2):68 - 87.
  22. Pantagruelism: A Rabelaisian Inspiration for Understanding Poisoning, Euthanasia and Abortion in The Hippocratic Oath and in Contemporary Clinical Practice.Y. Michael Barilan & Moshe Weintraub - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (3):269-286.
    Contrary to the common view, this paper suggests that the Hippocratic oath does not directly refer to the controversial subjects of euthanasia and abortion. We interpret the oath in the context of establishing trust in medicine through departure from Pantagruelism. Pantagruelism is coined after Rabelais' classic novel Gargantua and Pantagruel. His satire about a wonder herb, Pantagruelion, is actually a sophisticated model of anti-medicine in which absence of independent moral values and of properly conducted research fashion a flagrant over-medicalization of (...)
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  23.  33
    The Doctor by Luke Fildes: An Icon in Context. [REVIEW]Y. Michael Barilan - 2007 - Journal of Medical Humanities 28 (2):59-80.
    This paper discusses one of the most famous paintings on medical themes: The Doctor by Sir Luke Fildes (Fig. 1), which exemplifies how an ideal type of doctoring is construed from reality and from the views and expectations of both the public and doctors themselves. A close reading of The Doctor elucidates three fundamental conflicts in medicine: the first is between statistical efficiency in accordance with scales of morbidity and mortality and the personal devotion that every sick child or suffering (...)
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  24.  65
    The Vision of Vegetarianism and Peace: Rabbi Kook on the Ethical Treatment of Animals.Y. Michael Barilan - 2004 - History of the Human Sciences 17 (4):69-101.
    Rabbi HaCohen Kook’s essay on vegetarianism and peace, first published in instalments in 1903–4, and reissued 60 years later, is the only treatise in rabbinic Judaism on the relationship between humans and animals. It is here examined as central to his ethical beliefs. His writings, shaped by his background as rabbi and mystic, illuminate the history of environmental and applied ethics. A century ago, he perceived the main challenge that confronts reform movements: multiculturalism.
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  25.  89
    Head-Counting Vs. Heart-Counting: An Examination of the Recent Case of the Conjoined Twins From Malta.Y. Michael Barilan - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (4):593-603.
  26.  52
    Medicine Through the Artist's Eyes: Before, During, and After the Holocaust.Y. Michael Barilan - 2004 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (1):110-134.
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