Results for 'Yaacov Boaz Yablon'

220 found
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  1.  10
    Cognitive Rather Than Emotional Modification in Peace Education Programs: Advantages and Limitations.Yaacov Boaz Yablon - 2007 - Journal of Moral Education 36 (1):51-65.
    Contact intervention programs are being used as the main vehicle to enhance positive relationships between conflict groups. Current research seeks to reveal the force driving processes that lead to positive contact between conflict groups, and points to the importance of emotional modification. Acknowledging the centrality of emotional modification, the present study points to the importance of defining the desired goals of contact interventions. It aimed to reveal which of the emotional, cognitive, motivational or behavioural components of intergroup relations were most (...)
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  2. Predictors of High-School Dropout Among Ultraorthodox Jewish Youth.Yael Itzhaki-Braun, Haya Itzhaky & Yaacov B. Yablon - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  3. When is Consensus Knowledge Based? Distinguishing Shared Knowledge From Mere Agreement.Boaz Miller - 2013 - Synthese 190 (7):1293-1316.
    Scientific consensus is widely deferred to in public debates as a social indicator of the existence of knowledge. However, it is far from clear that such deference to consensus is always justified. The existence of agreement in a community of researchers is a contingent fact, and researchers may reach a consensus for all kinds of reasons, such as fighting a common foe or sharing a common bias. Scientific consensus, by itself, does not necessarily indicate the existence of shared knowledge among (...)
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  4.  56
    Construal-Level Theory of Psychological Distance.Yaacov Trope & Nira Liberman - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (2):440-463.
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  5.  25
    "Construal-Level Theory of Psychological Distance": Correction to Trope and Liberman.Yaacov Trope & Nira Liberman - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (3):1024-1024.
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  6.  68
    Limits on Theory of Mind Use in Adults.Boaz Keysar, Shuhong Lin & Dale J. Barr - 2003 - Cognition 89 (1):25-41.
  7.  24
    Temporal Construal.Yaacov Trope & Nira Liberman - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (3):403-421.
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  8. Justified Belief in a Digital Age: On the Epistemic Implications of Secret Internet Technologies.Boaz Miller & Isaac Record - 2013 - Episteme 10 (2):117 - 134.
    People increasingly form beliefs based on information gained from automatically filtered Internet ‎sources such as search engines. However, the workings of such sources are often opaque, preventing ‎subjects from knowing whether the information provided is biased or incomplete. Users’ reliance on ‎Internet technologies whose modes of operation are concealed from them raises serious concerns about ‎the justificatory status of the beliefs they end up forming. Yet it is unclear how to address these concerns ‎within standard theories of knowledge and justification. (...)
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  9.  13
    Identification and Inferential Processes in Dispositional Attribution.Yaacov Trope - 1986 - Psychological Review 93 (3):239-257.
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  10.  63
    Predation Between Prokaryotes and the Origin of Eukaryotes.Yaacov Davidov & Edouard Jurkevitch - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (7):748-757.
  11. Responsible Epistemic Technologies: A Social-Epistemological Analysis of Autocompleted Web Search.Boaz Miller & Isaac Record - 2017 - New Media and Society 19 (12):1945-1963.
    Information providing and gathering increasingly involve technologies like search ‎engines, which actively shape their epistemic surroundings. Yet, a satisfying account ‎of the epistemic responsibilities associated with them does not exist. We analyze ‎automatically generated search suggestions from the perspective of social ‎epistemology to illustrate how epistemic responsibilities associated with a ‎technology can be derived and assigned. Drawing on our previously developed ‎theoretical framework that connects responsible epistemic behavior to ‎practicability, we address two questions: first, given the different technological ‎possibilities available (...)
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  12.  12
    When is Consensus Knowledge Based? Distinguishing Shared Knowledge From Mere Agreement.Boaz Miller - 2013 - Synthese 190 (7):1293-1316.
    Scientific consensus is widely deferred to in public debates as a social indicator of the existence of knowledge. However, it is far from clear that such deference to consensus is always justified. The existence of agreement in a community of researchers is a contingent fact, and researchers may reach a consensus for all kinds of reasons, such as fighting a common foe or sharing a common bias. Scientific consensus, by itself, does not necessarily indicate the existence of shared knowledge among (...)
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  13.  42
    Topometric Spaces and Perturbations of Metric Structures.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2008 - Logic and Analysis 1 (3-4):235-272.
    We develop the general theory of topometric spaces, i.e., topological spaces equipped with a well-behaved lower semi-continuous metric. Spaces of global and local types in continuous logic are the motivating examples for the study of such spaces. In particular, we develop Cantor-Bendixson analysis of topometric spaces, which can serve as a basis for the study of local stability (extending the ad hoc development in Ben Yaacov I and Usvyatsov A, Continuous first order logic and local stability. Trans Am Math (...)
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  14. The Egocentric Basis of Language Use: Insights From a Processing Approach.Boaz Keysar, Dale Barr, Horton J. & S. William - 1998 - Current Directions in Psychological Sciences 7:46--50.
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  15. Why Knowledge is the Property of a Community and Possibly None of its Members.Boaz Miller - 2015 - Philosophical Quarterly 65 (260):417-441.
    Mainstream analytic epistemology regards knowledge as the property of individuals, rather ‎than groups. Drawing on insights from the reality of knowledge production and dissemination ‎in the sciences, I argue, from within the analytic framework, that this view is wrong. I defend ‎the thesis of ‘knowledge-level justification communalism’, which states that at least some ‎knowledge, typically knowledge obtained from expert testimony, is the property of a ‎community and possibly none of its individual members, in that only the community or some ‎members (...)
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  16.  58
    Scientific Consensus and Expert Testimony in Courts: Lessons From the Bendectin Litigation.Boaz Miller - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (1):15-33.
    A consensus in a scientific community is often used as a resource for making informed public-policy decisions and deciding between rival expert testimonies in legal trials. This paper contains a social-epistemic analysis of the high-profile Bendectin drug controversy, which was decided in the courtroom inter alia by deference to a scientific consensus about the safety of Bendectin. Drawing on my previously developed account of knowledge-based consensus, I argue that the consensus in this case was not knowledge based, hence courts’ deference (...)
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  17.  4
    Secular Dreams and Myths of Irreligion: On the Political Control of Religion in Public Bioethics.Boaz W. Goss & Jeffrey P. Bishop - 2021 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 46 (2):219-237.
    Full-Blooded religion is not acceptable in mainstream bioethics. This article excavates the cultural history that led to the suppression of religion in bioethics. Bioethicists typically fall into one of the following camps. 1) The irreligious, who advocate for suppressing religion, as do Timothy F. Murphy, Sam Harris, and Richard Dawkins. This irreligious camp assumes American Fundamentalist Protestantism is the real substance of all religions. 2) Religious bioethicists, who defend religion by emphasizing its functions and diminishing its metaphysical commitments. Religious defenders (...)
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  18.  40
    When Do Speakers Take Into Account Common Ground?William S. Horton & Boaz Keysar - 1996 - Cognition 59 (1):91-117.
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  19. Is Technology Value-Neutral?Boaz Miller - 2021 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 46 (1):53-80.
    According to the Value-Neutrality Thesis, technology is morally and politically neutral, neither good nor bad. A knife may be put to bad use to murder an innocent person or to good use to peel an apple for a starving person, but the knife itself is a mere instrument, not a proper subject for moral or political evaluation. While contemporary philosophers of technology widely reject the VNT, it remains unclear whether claims about values in technology are just a figure of speech (...)
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  20. Taking iPhone Seriously: Epistemic Technologies and the Extended Mind.Isaac Record & Boaz Miller - forthcoming - In Duncan Pritchard, Jesper Kallestrup‎, Orestis Palermos & J. Adam Carter‎ (eds.), Extended Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    David Chalmers thinks his iPhone exemplifies the extended mind thesis by meeting the criteria ‎that he and Andy Clark established in their well-known 1998 paper. Andy Clark agrees. We take ‎this proposal seriously, evaluating the case of the GPS-enabled smartphone as a potential mind ‎extender. We argue that the “trust and glue” criteria enumerated by Clark and Chalmers are ‎incompatible with both the epistemic responsibilities that accompany everyday activities and the ‎practices of trust that enable users to discharge them. Prospects (...)
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  21.  2
    THE WORLD IN THEIR MINDS: INFORMATION PROCESSING, COGNITION, AND PERCEPTION IN FOREIGN POLICY DECISIONMAKING.Yaacov Y. I. Vertzberger - 1990 - Stanford University Press.
    This is a comprehensive study of the dynamics that underlie information processing in foreign policy decision-making, the resultant biases and errors, and the implications for the quality of decisions. The World in Their Minds is a compendium of the manifold ways that misperception and, hence, miscalculation can enter into seemingly rational policy choice. The cases of Vietnam for the Americans and the Yom Kippur War for the Israelis constitute the primary database for the number of illustrations cited.
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  22.  33
    Common Sense and Adult Theory of Communication.Boaz Keysar - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):54-54.
  23. Science, Values, and Pragmatic Encroachment on Knowledge.Boaz Miller - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (2):253-270.
    Philosophers have recently argued, against a prevailing orthodoxy, that standards of knowledge partly depend on a subject’s interests; the more is at stake for the subject, the less she is in a position to know. This view, which is dubbed “Pragmatic Encroachment” has historical and conceptual connections to arguments in philosophy of science against the received model of science as value free. I bring the two debates together. I argue that Pragmatic Encroachment and the model of value-laden science reinforce each (...)
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  24. Catching the WAVE: The Weight-Adjusting Account of Values and Evidence.Boaz Miller - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 47:69-80.
    It is commonly argued that values “fill the logical gap” of underdetermination of theory by evidence, namely, values affect our choice between two or more theories that fit the same evidence. The underdetermination model, however, does not exhaust the roles values play in evidential reasoning. I introduce WAVE – a novel account of the logical relations between values and evidence. WAVE states that values influence evidential reasoning by adjusting evidential weights. I argue that the weight-adjusting role of values is distinct (...)
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  25.  61
    Positive Model Theory and Compact Abstract Theories.Itay Ben-Yaacov - 2003 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 3 (01):85-118.
    We develop positive model theory, which is a non first order analogue of classical model theory where compactness is kept at the expense of negation. The analogue of a first order theory in this framework is a compact abstract theory: several equivalent yet conceptually different presentations of this notion are given. We prove in particular that Banach and Hilbert spaces are compact abstract theories, and in fact very well-behaved as such.
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  26.  27
    Uncountable Dense Categoricity in Cats.Itay Ben-Yaacov - 2005 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (3):829 - 860.
    We prove that under reasonable assumptions, every cat (compact abstract theory) is metric, and develop some of the theory of metric cats. We generalise Morley's theorem: if a countable Hausdorff cat T has a unique complete model of density character Λ ≥ ω₁, then it has a unique complete model of density character Λ for every Λ ≥ ω₁.
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  27. Going Beyond the Motivation Given: Self-Control and Situational Control Over Behavior.Yaacov Trope & Ayelet Fishbach - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 537--65.
     
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  28. “Poverty and Resourcefulness”: On the Formative Significance of Eros in Educational Practice.Boaz Tsabar - 2014 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (1):75-87.
    This article seeks to examine the special quality of Eros operative in educational practice, through the frame narrative of Plato’s “The Allegory of the Cave”. The subject is examined from two aspects illuminating the paradoxical nature of educational practice. The first, epistemological, considers the practicability of learning, and the second, ethical, deals with the complexity of commitment to teaching. The resolution of the paradox, the article contends, can only be understood through the concept of “Eros”—the same mysterious driving force, devoid (...)
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  29.  19
    On Perturbations of Continuous Structures.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2008 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 8 (2):225-249.
    We give a general framework for the treatment of perturbations of types and structures in continuous logic, allowing to specify which parts of the logic may be perturbed. We prove that separable, elementarily equivalent structures which are approximately $aleph_0$-saturated up to arbitrarily small perturbations are isomorphic up to arbitrarily small perturbations. As a corollary, we obtain a Ryll-Nardzewski style characterisation of complete theories all of whose separable models are isomorphic up to arbitrarily small perturbations.
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  30.  43
    Simplicity in Compact Abstract Theories.Itay Ben-Yaacov - 2003 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 3 (02):163-191.
    We continue [2], developing simplicity in the framework of compact abstract theories. Due to the generality of the context we need to introduce definitions which differ somewhat from the ones use in first order theories. With these modified tools we obtain more or less classical behaviour: simplicity is characterized by the existence of a certain notion of independence, stability is characterized by simplicity and bounded multiplicity, and hyperimaginary canonical bases exist.
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  31. “Trust Me—I’M a Public Intellectual”: Margaret Atwood’s and David Suzuki’s Social Epistemologies of Climate Science.Boaz Miller - 2015 - In Michael Keren & Richard Hawkins‎ (eds.), Speaking Power to Truth: Digital Discourse and the Public Intellectual. Athabasca University Press‎. pp. 113-128.
    Margaret Atwood and David Suzuki are two of the most prominent Canadian public ‎intellectuals ‎involved in the global warming debate. They both argue that anthropogenic global ‎warming is ‎occurring, warn against its grave consequences, and urge governments and the ‎public to take ‎immediate, decisive, extensive, and profound measures to prevent it. They differ, ‎however, in the ‎reasons and evidence they provide in support of their position. While Suzuki ‎stresses the scientific ‎evidence in favour of the global warming theory and the (...)
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  32.  39
    Continuous First Order Logic for Unbounded Metric Structures.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2008 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 8 (2):197-223.
    We present an adaptation of continuous first order logic to unbounded metric structures. This has the advantage of being closer in spirit to C. Ward Henson's logic for Banach space structures than the unit ball approach, as well as of applying in situations where the unit ball approach does not apply. We also introduce the process of single point emph{emboundment}, allowing to bring unbounded structures back into the setting of bounded continuous first order logic. Together with results from cite{BenYaacov:Perturbations} regarding (...)
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  33. What is Hacking’s Argument for Entity Realism?Boaz Miller - 2016 - Synthese 193 (3):991-1006.
    According to Ian Hacking’s Entity Realism, unobservable entities that scientists carefully manipulate to study other phenomena are real. Although Hacking presents his case in an intuitive, attractive, and persuasive way, his argument remains elusive. I present five possible readings of Hacking’s argument: a no-miracle argument, an indispensability argument, a transcendental argument, a Vichian argument, and a non-argument. I elucidate Hacking’s argument according to each reading, and review their strengths, their weaknesses, and their compatibility with each other.
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  34.  32
    Fondements de la Logique Positive.Ben Yaacov Itaï & Poizat Bruno - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (4):1141-1162.
    We revisit the foundations of positive model theory, introducing h-inductive sentences. These allow a considerably simplified presentation of positive model theory, as well as a characterisation of Hausdorff cats by an amalgamation property of their h-inductive theory.
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  35.  13
    Lovely Pairs of Models.Itay Ben-Yaacov, Anand Pillay & Evgueni Vassiliev - 2003 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 122 (1-3):235-261.
    We introduce the notion of a lovely pair of models of a simple theory T, generalizing Poizat's “belles paires” of models of a stable theory and the third author's “generic pairs” of models of an SU-rank 1 theory. We characterize when a saturated model of the theory TP of lovely pairs is a lovely pair , finding an analog of the nonfinite cover property for simple theories. We show that, under these hypotheses, TP is also simple, and we study forking (...)
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  36.  20
    Above and Beyond the Concrete: The Diverse Representational Substrates of the Predictive Brain.Michael Gilead, Yaacov Trope & Nira Liberman - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43:1-63.
    In recent years, scientists have increasingly taken to investigate the predictive nature of cognition. We argue that prediction relies on abstraction, and thus theories of predictive cognition need an explicit theory of abstract representation. We propose such a theory of the abstract representational capacities that allow humans to transcend the “here-and-now.” Consistent with the predictive cognition literature, we suggest that the representational substrates of the mind are built as a hierarchy, ranging from the concrete to the abstract; however, we argue (...)
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  37.  12
    An Independence Theorem for Ntp2 Theories.Itaï Ben Yaacov & Artem Chernikov - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (1):135-153.
  38.  10
    Seeing the Forest When Entry is Unlikely: Probability and the Mental Representation of Events.Cheryl J. Wakslak, Yaacov Trope, Nira Liberman & Rotem Alony - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (4):641-653.
  39.  11
    Functional Theory of Illusory Conjunctions and Neon Colors.William Prinzmetal & Boaz Keysar - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (2):165-190.
  40.  45
    When Time Flies: How Abstract and Concrete Mental Construal Affect the Perception of Time.Jochim Hansen & Yaacov Trope - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):336.
  41.  46
    A Proof of Completeness for Continuous First-Order Logic.Itaï Ben Yaacov & Arthur Paul Pedersen - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (1):168-190.
    -/- Continuous first-order logic has found interest among model theorists who wish to extend the classical analysis of “algebraic” structures (such as fields, group, and graphs) to various natural classes of complete metric structures (such as probability algebras, Hilbert spaces, and Banach spaces). With research in continuous first-order logic preoccupied with studying the model theory of this framework, we find a natural question calls for attention. Is there an interesting set of axioms yielding a completeness result? -/- The primary purpose (...)
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  42.  8
    Combinatorial Images of Sets of Reals and Semifilter Trichotomy.Boaz Tsaban & Lyubomyr Zdomskyy - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (4):1278-1288.
    Using a dictionary translating a variety of classical and modern covering properties into combinatorial properties of continuous images, we get a simple way to understand the interrelations between these properties in ZFC and in the realm of the trichotomy axiom for upward closed families of sets of natural numbers. While it is now known that the answer to the Hurewicz 1927 problem is positive, it is shown here that semifilter trichotomy implies a negative answer to a slightly stronger form of (...)
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  43.  15
    Sefer Ha-Zohar as a Canonical, Sacred and Holy Text: Changing Perspectives of the Book of Splendor Between the Thirteenth and Eighteenth Centuries.Boaz Huss - 1998 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 7 (2):257-307.
  44.  18
    The Effect of Information Overlap on Communication Effectiveness.Shali Wu & Boaz Keysar - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (1):169-181.
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  45.  53
    Less Is More: A Minimalist Account of Joint Action in Communication.Hadas Shintel & Boaz Keysar - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):260-273.
  46.  19
    Fondements de la Logique Positive.Itaï Ben Yaacov & Et Bruno Poizat - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (4):1141-1162.
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  47.  31
    A Proof Of Completeness For Continuous First-Order Logic.Arthur Pedersen & Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (1):168-190.
    Continuous first-order logic has found interest among model theorists who wish to extend the classical analysis of “algebraic” structures to various natural classes of complete metric structures. With research in continuous first-order logic preoccupied with studying the model theory of this framework, we find a natural question calls for attention. Is there an interesting set of axioms yielding a completeness result?The primary purpose of this article is to show that a certain, interesting set of axioms does indeed yield a completeness (...)
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  48.  13
    Understanding Metaphorical Comparisons: Beyond Similarity.Sam Glucksberg & Boaz Keysar - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (1):3-18.
  49.  14
    Jalal’s Angels of Deliverance and Destruction: Genealogies of Theo-Politics, Sovereignty and Coloniality in Iran and Israel.Eskandar Sadeghi-Boroujerdi & Yaacov Yadgar - 2021 - Modern Intellectual History 18 (1):223-247.
    This article discusses the historical context of the famed dissident intellectual Jalal Al-e Ahmad’s travelogue documenting his visit to Israel in early 1963, posthumously titled Safar beh velayat-e ʿezraʾil, focusing on the political and intellectual context and reception of his controversial essay, in particular the brief infatuation of Iranian anti-Soviet socialists in the League of Iranian Socialists with socialist Zionism; Al-e Ahmad’s discussion of political sovereignty and theo-politics in modern Israel and the important insights and observations provided therein; and, finally, (...)
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  50.  10
    Distance From a Distance: Psychological Distance Reduces Sensitivity to Any Further Psychological Distance.Sam J. Maglio, Yaacov Trope & Nira Liberman - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (3):644-657.
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