Results for 'Yaakov Hoffman'

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  1.  7
    Subjective Age as a Moderator in the Reciprocal Effects Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Self-Rated Physical Functioning.Amit Shrira, Yuval Palgi, Yaakov Hoffman, Sharon Avidor, Ehud Bodner, Menachem Ben-Ezra & Moshe Bensimon - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  2.  21
    Representation of Unattended Material in Memory.Yaakov Hoffman & Joseph Tzelgov - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1504-1508.
    The current study addresses how information whose processing was not part of task requirement is represented in memory. Using a novel measure, recognition memory for unattended material was assessed twice, once when it appeared with the same attended study target and once with a new target. The data reveal memory for unattended study information only in the old target condition. Results suggest that the entire study event is encoded and represented in a memory trace, which contains both attended target information (...)
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  3.  13
    The Text of an Archaic Tablet in the E. A. Hoffman Collection.Ellen Seton Ogden & E. A. Hoffman - 1902 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 23:19-20.
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  4.  13
    Through a Narrow Window: Working Memory Capacity and the Detection of Covariation.Yaakov Kareev - 1995 - Cognition 56 (3):263-269.
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  5.  6
    Seven and the Detection of Correlations.Yaakov Kareev - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (2):397-402.
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  6.  12
    Through a Narrow Window: Sample Size and the Perception of Correlation.Yaakov Kareev, Iris Lieberman & Miri Lev - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 126 (3):278-287.
  7.  9
    Interpretation of the Archaic Tablet of the E. A. Hoffman Collection.George A. Barton & E. A. Hoffman - 1902 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 23:21-28.
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  8.  18
    The Buddhist Empiricism Thesis: FRANK J. HOFFMAN.Frank J. Hoffman - 1982 - Religious Studies 18 (2):151-158.
    In what follows I argue for two interrelated theses: that early Buddhism is not a form of empiricism, and that consequently there is no basis for an early Buddhist apologetic which contrasts an empirical early Buddhism with either a metaphysical Hinduism on the one hand, or with a baseless Christianity on the other.
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  9.  6
    Positive Bias in the Perception of Covariation.Yaakov Kareev - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (3):490-502.
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  10. Change and Continuity in Environmental World-View: The Politics of Nature in Rachel Carson's Silent Spring.Yaakov Garb - 1996 - In David Macauley (ed.), Minding Nature: The Philosophers of Ecology. Guilford Press. pp. 229--257.
     
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  11.  69
    A New Approach to Spinors and Some Representations of the Lorentz Group on Them.Yaakov Friedman & Bernard Russo - 2001 - Foundations of Physics 31 (12):1733-1766.
    We give a geometric realization of space-time spinors and associated representations, using the Jordan triple structure associated with the Cartan factors of type 4, the so-called spin factors. We construct certain representations of the Lorentz group, which at the same time realize bosonic spin-1 and fermionic spin- $${\raise0.7ex\hbox{$1$} \!\mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {1 2}}\right.\kern-0em}\!\lower0.7ex\hbox{$2$}}$$ wave equations of relativistic field theory, showing some unexpected relations between various low-dimensional Lorentz representations. We include a geometrically and physically motivated introduction to Jordan triples and spin factors.
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  12.  57
    Efficiency, Capacity, Compensation, Maintenance, Plasticity: Emerging Concepts in Cognitive Reserve.Daniel Barulli & Yaakov Stern - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (10):502-509.
  13.  3
    Sharona Hoffman Replies.Sharona Hoffman - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (2):47-47.
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  14.  10
    The Optics of Giambattista Della Porta : A Reassessment.Yaakov Zik, Giora Hon & Arianna Borrelli (eds.) - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume contains essays that examine the optical works of Giambattista Della Porta, an Italian natural philosopher during the Scientific Revolution. Coverage also explores the science and technology of early modern optics. Della Porta's groundbreaking book, Magia Naturalis, includes a prototype of the camera. Yet, because of his obsession with magic, Della Porta's scientific achievements are often forgotten. As the contributors argue, his work inspired such great minds as Johanes Kepler and Francis Bacon. After reading this book, researchers, historians, and (...)
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  15.  36
    On Being Mindful of ‘God’: Reply to Kai Nielsen: Robert Hoffman.Robert Hoffman - 1970 - Religious Studies 6 (3):289-290.
  16.  21
    Rationality Reconceived: The Mass Electorate and Democratic Theory.Tom Hoffman - 1998 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 12 (4):459-480.
    Abstract Early voting behavior research confronted liberal democratic theory with the average American citizen's meager ability to think politically. Since then, several lines of analysis have tried to vindicate the mass electorate. Most recently, some researchers have attempted to reconceptualize the political reasoning process by viewing it in the aggregate, while others describe individuals as effective?albeit inarticulate?employers of cognitive shortcuts. While mass publics may, in these ways, be described as ?rational,? they still fail to meet the basic requirements of democratic (...)
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  17.  9
    And Yet the Small-Sample Effect Does Hold: Reply to Juslin and Olsson and Anderson, Doherty, Berg, and Friedrich.Yaakov Kareev - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (1):280-285.
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  18.  33
    The Neglected Ethical and Spiritual Motivations in the Workplace.Manuel Guillén, Ignacio Ferrero & W. Michael Hoffman - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (4):803-816.
    Understanding what motivates employees is essential to the success of organizational objectives. Therefore, properly capturing and explaining the full range of such motivations are important. However, the classical and most popular theories describing employee motives have neglected, if not omitted entirely, the importance of the ethical and spiritual dimensions of motivation. This has led to a model of a person as self-interested, amoral, and non-spiritual. In this paper, we attempt to expose this omission and offer a more complete taxonomy of (...)
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  19.  2
    Magnification: How to Turn a Spyglass Into an Astronomical Telescope.Zik Yaakov & Hon Giora - 2012 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 66 (4):439–464.
    According to the received view, the first spyglass was assembled without any theory of how the instrument magnifies. Galileo, who was the first to use the device as a scientific instrument, improved the power of magnification up to 30 times. How did he accomplish this feat? Galileo does not tell us what he did. We hold that such improvement of magnification is too intricate a problem to be solved by trial and error, accidentally stumbling upon a complex procedure. We construct (...)
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  20.  30
    Misinformation and Memory: The Creation of New Memories.Elizabeth F. Loftus & Hunter G. Hoffman - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (1):100-104.
  21. Pain and the Placebo: What We Have Learned.Ginger A. Hoffman, Anne Harrington & Howard L. Fields - 2005 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (2):248-265.
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  22.  1
    Hoffman V. Monsanto: Courts, Class Actions, and Perceptions of the Problem of GM Drift.Heather McLeod-Kilmurray - 2007 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 27 (3):188-201.
    Hoffman v. Monsanto raises questions about the civil litigation system. Are courts appropriate institutions, and are class actions the appropriate procedure, for resolving disputes about genetically modified organisms? After addressing the institutional question, this article focuses on procedure. Although class actions are designed to empower group litigation, environmental class actions are rarely permitted. This is partly because their claims for private law actions seeking monetary compensation cause courts to focus on individual aspects of the problem, and the collective harm (...)
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  23.  25
    Substance: Its Nature and Existence.Dean W. Zimmerman, Joshua Hoffman & Gary S. Rosenkrantz - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):118.
    This book addresses two basic questions: What is the proper philosophical analysis of the concept of substance? and What kinds of compound substances are there? The second question is mainly addressed by asking what relations among objects are necessary and sufficient for their coming to compose a larger whole. The first 72 pages of the book contain a short history of attempts to answer the first question, and a brief presentation of the analysis the authors defend at length in their (...)
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  24.  6
    On the Misperception of Variability.Yaakov Kareev, Sharon Arnon & Reut Horwitz-Zeliger - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 131 (2):287-297.
  25.  6
    Collective Responsibility: Five Decades of Debate in Theoretical and Applied Ethics.Larry May & Stacey Hoffman (eds.) - 1991 - Rowman & Littlefield.
    This anthology presents recent philosophical analyses of the moral, political, and legal responsibility of groups and their members. Motivated by reflection on such events as the Holocaust, the exploding Ford Pintos, the May Lai massacre, and apartheid in South Africa, the essays consider two questions - what collective efforts could have prevented these large-scale social harms? and is some group to blame and, if so, how is blame to be apportioned? The essays in the first half consider the concept of (...)
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  26.  5
    Strategic Interactions, Affective Reactions, and Fast Adaptations.Yaakov Kareev, Judith Avrahami & Klaus Fiedler - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (3):1112-1126.
  27. Hoffman’s “Proof” of the Possibility of Spectrum Inversion.Alex Byrne & David Hilbert - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):48-50.
    Philosophers have devoted a great deal of discussion to the question of whether an inverted spectrum thought experiment refutes functionalism. (For a review of the inverted spectrum and its many philosophical applications, see Byrne, 2004.) If Ho?man is correct the matter can be swiftly and conclusively settled, without appeal to any empirical data about color vision (or anything else). Assuming only that color experiences and functional relations can be mathematically represented, a simple mathematical result.
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  28.  47
    Hoffman on Petitionary Prayer.Eleonore Stump - 1985 - Faith and Philosophy 2 (1):30-37.
  29.  14
    The Philosophical Writings of Descartes.John Carriero, Paul Hoffman, John Cottingham, Robert Stoothoff & Dugald Murdoch - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (1):93.
  30.  7
    The Emergence of Events.Judith Avrahami & Yaakov Kareev - 1994 - Cognition 53 (3):239-261.
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  31. Jerome R Hoffman, MO, MA William R Mower, MD, PhO UCLA Emergency Medicine Center Los Angeles, CA 47/8/98144.I. Hoffman Jr & Dl Mower Wr - 1998 - Nexus 32:461-469.
     
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  32.  24
    Some Global Policies for Antibiotic Resistance Depend on Legally Binding and Enforceable Commitments.Asha Behdinan, Steven J. Hoffman & Mark Pearcey - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (s3):68-73.
    This article assesses which policies for addressing antibiotic resistance as part of a multi-pronged approach would benefit from legalization through an international legal agreement. Ten candidate policies were identified based on a review of existing literature, especially The Lancet Series on Antimicrobial Resistance, The Lancet Infectious Diseases Commission on AMR, and the World Health Organization Global Action Plan for AMR. These policies were then grouped under the headings of access, conservation, and innovation.Each of the ten policies were assessed using four (...)
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  33.  8
    Prospecting (in) the Data Sciences.Stephen C. Slota, Andrew S. Hoffman, David Ribes & Geoffrey C. Bowker - 2020 - Big Data and Society 7 (1).
    Data science is characterized by engaging heterogeneous data to tackle real world questions and problems. But data science has no data of its own and must seek it within real world domains. We call this search for data “prospecting” and argue that the dynamics of prospecting are pervasive in, even characteristic of, data science. Prospecting aims to render the data, knowledge, expertise, and practices of worldly domains available and tractable to data science method and epistemology. Prospecting precedes data synthesis, analysis, (...)
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  34.  33
    History of Science and Science Combined: Solving a Historical Problem in Optics—the Case of Galileo and His Telescope.Giora Hon & Yaakov Zik - 2017 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 71 (4):337-344.
    The claim that Galileo Galilei transformed the spyglass into an astronomical instrument has never been disputed and is considered a historical fact. However, the question what was the procedure which Galileo followed is moot, for he did not disclose his research method. On the traditional view, Galileo was guided by experience, more precisely, systematized experience, which was current among northern Italian artisans and men of science. In other words, it was a trial-and-error procedure—no theory was involved. A scientific analysis of (...)
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  35. Substance: Its Nature and Existence.Joshua Hoffman & Gary Rosenkrantz - 1997 - Routledge.
    Substance has been a leading idea in the history of Western philosophy. _Joshua Hoffman and Gary S. Rosenkrantz_ explain the nature and existence of individual substances, including both living things and inanimate objects. Specifically written for students new to this important and often complex subject, _Substance_ provides both the historical and contemporary overview of the debate. Great Philosophers of the past, such as Aristotle, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Locke, and Berkeley were profoundly interested in the concept of substance. And, the (...)
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  36.  7
    Effect of Spacing and Range of Stimuli on Magnitude Estimation Judgements.Panna Lal Pradham & Paul J. Hoffman - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (6):533.
  37.  22
    The History of Gentile Wisdom According to R. Zadok Ha-Kohen of Lublin.Yaakov Elman - 1994 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 3 (1):153-187.
  38. Something to Think About: Extraordinary Reflections About Ordinary Events.Yaakov Salomon - 2005 - Mesorah Publications.
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  39. The Distributed Human Neural System for Face Perception.Elizabeth A. Hoffman, M. Ida Gobbini & James V. Haxby - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (6):223-233.
    Face perception, perhaps the most highly developed visual skill in humans, is mediated by a distributed neural system in humans that is comprised of multiple, bilateral regions. We propose a model for the organization of this system that emphasizes a distinction between the representation of invariant and changeable aspects of faces. The representation of invariant aspects of faces underlies the recognition of individuals, whereas the representation of changeable aspects of faces, such as eye gaze, expression, and lip movement, underlies the (...)
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  40.  82
    Science and Instruments: The Telescope as a Scientific Instrument at the Beginning of the Seventeenth Century.Yaakov Zik - 2001 - Perspectives on Science 9 (3):259-284.
    : Scientific observation is determined by the human sensory system, which generally relies on instruments that serve as mediators between the world and the senses. Instruments came in the shape of Heron's Dioptra, Levi Ben Gerson's Cross-staff, Egnatio Danti's Torqvetto Astronomico, Tycho's Quadrant, Galileo's Geometric Military Compass, or Kepler's Ecliptic Instrument. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, however, it was unclear how an instrument such as the telescope could be employed to acquire new information and expand knowledge about the (...)
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  41.  11
    Effective Global Action on Antibiotic Resistance Requires Careful Consideration of Convening Forums.Zain Rizvi & Steven J. Hoffman - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (s3):74-78.
    The nature and effectiveness of any international legal agreement is heavily shaped by the forum in which it is negotiated and implemented. This includes both the substantive content that global policymakers agree upon and the subsequent state compliance with those provisions. Forums differ in their institutional characteristics, thereby providing unique opportunities and costs for participating actors. Forums may have different mandates, capacities, cultures, members, and legal processes — all of which ultimately affect distributions of power and influence. These differences then (...)
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  42.  8
    Institutional-Political Scenarios for Anthropocene Society.P. Devereaux Jennings & Andrew J. Hoffman - 2021 - Business and Society 60 (1):57-94.
    Natural scientists have proposed that humankind has entered a new geologic epoch. Termed the “Anthropocene,” this new reality revolves around the central role of human activity in multiple Earth ecosystems. That challenge requires a rethinking of social science explanations of organization and environment relationships. In this article, we discuss the need to politicize institutional theory as a means understanding “Anthropocene Society,” and in turn what that resultant society means for the Anthropocene in the natural environment. We modify the constitutive elements (...)
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  43.  12
    Virtual Reality Analgesia During Venipuncture in Pediatric Patients With Onco-Hematological Diseases.Barbara Atzori, Hunter G. Hoffman, Laura Vagnoli, David R. Patterson, Wadee Alhalabi, Andrea Messeri & Rosapia Lauro Grotto - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  44.  57
    What an Omnipotent Agent Can Do.Gary Rosenkrantz & Joshua Hoffman - 1980 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (1):1 - 19.
  45.  35
    Must Milton Friedman Embrace Stakeholder Theory?Ignacio Ferrero, W. Michael Hoffman & Robert E. McNulty - 2014 - Business and Society Review 119 (1):37-59.
    Milton Friedman famously stated that the only social responsibility of business is to increase its profits, a position now known as the shareholder model of business. Subsequently, the stakeholder model, associated with Edward Freeman, has been widely seen as a heuristically stronger theory of the responsibilities of the firm to the society in which it is situated. Friedman’s position, nevertheless, has retained currency among many business thinkers. In this article, we argue that Friedman’s economic writings assume an economy in which (...)
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  46. With Hearts Full of Faith: Insights Into Trust and Emunah: A Selection of Addresses.Yaakov Yosef Reinman - 2002 - Mesorah.
    Rabbi Mattisyahu Salomon'sinfluence radiates far beyond his headquarters as Mashgiach of Lakewood's Beth Medrash Govoha. Thinker, speaker, guide, and inspirational leader, Rabbi Salomon has.
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  47.  27
    Geometry of Light and Shadow: Francesco Maurolyco (1494–1575) and the Pinhole Camera.Giora Hon & Yaakov Zik - 2007 - Annals of Science 64 (4):549-578.
    In his Theoremata de lumine, et umbre , Francesco Maurolyco discussed, inter alia, the problem of the pinhole camera. Maurolyco outlined a framework based on Euclidean geometry in which he applied the rectilinear propagation of light to the casting of shadow on a screen behind a pinhole. We limit our discussion to the problem of how the image behind an aperture is formed, and follow the way Maurolyco combined theory with instrument to solve the problem of the projection of light (...)
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  48.  8
    Natural Law and Justice.Joseph Hoffman - 1992 - Noûs 26 (2):248-250.
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  49.  20
    There is Relevance in the Classroom: Analysis of Present Methods of Teaching Business Ethics. [REVIEW]V. K. Strong & A. N. Hoffman - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (7):603 - 607.
    In 1988 the Journal of Business Ethics published a paper by David Mathison entitled Business Ethics Cases and Decision Models: A Call for Relevancy in the Classroom. Mathison argued that the present methods of teaching business ethics may be inappropriate for MBA students. He believes that faculty are teaching at one decision-making level and that students are and will be functioning on another (lower) level. The purpose of this paper is to respond to Mathison's arguments and offer support for the (...)
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  50.  75
    Intrinsic Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Research: A Need for Disclosure.Sharmon Sollitto, Sharona Hoffman, Maxwell J. Mehlman, Robert J. Lederman, Stuart J. Youngner & Michael M. Lederman - 2003 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (2):83-91.
    : Protection of human subjects from investigators' conflicts of interest is critical to the integrity of clinical investigation. Personal financial conflicts of interest are addressed by university policies, professional society guidelines, publication standards, and government regulation, but "intrinsic conflicts of interest"—conflicts of interest inherent in all clinical research—have received relatively less attention. Such conflicts arise in all clinical research endeavors as a result of the tension among professionals' responsibilities to their research and to their patients and both academic and financial (...)
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