Results for 'Yale Mandel'

990 found
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  1.  57
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]William H. Goetzmann, William Duffy, Jennings L. Wagoner Jr, Roman A. Bernert, Charles D. Biebel, Dorothy Carrington, Richard G. Durnin, Sheldon Rothblatt, David E. Denton, Hyman Kuritz, Nubuo Shimahara, William Hare, Frederick M. Schultz, Floyd K. Wright, Wiiliam Vaughan, Harold B. Dunkel, Michael B. Mcmahon, Owen E. Pittenger, Stephan Michelson, Kal I. Gezi, Lawrence D. Klein, Yale Mandel & Samuel L. Woodward - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (1):28-44.
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  2. The Obedience Alibi: Milgram ’s Account of the Holocaust Reconsidered.David R. Mandel - 1998 - Analyse & Kritik 20 (1):74-94.
    Stanley Milgram’s work on obedience to authority is social psychology’s most influential contribution to theorizing about Holocaust perpetration. The gist of Milgram’s claims is that Holocaust perpetrators were just following orders out of a sense of obligation to their superiors. Milgram, however, never undertook a scholarly analysis of how his obedience experiments related to the Holocaust. The author first discusses the major theoretical limitations of Milgram’s position and then examines the implications of Milgram’s (oft-ignored) experimental manipulations for Holocaust theorizing, contrasting (...)
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  3. Social Democracy and Social Movements.Ernest Mandel - 1983 - Thesis Eleven 7 (1):159-162.
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  4.  25
    Suicide terrorism, moral relativism, and the situationist narrative.David R. Mandel - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):373-373.
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  5.  6
    Setting the Record Straight on Organ Sales.Stanley R. Mandel - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (4):48-49.
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  6.  21
    The autobiographer's art.Barrett John Mandel - 1968 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 27 (2):215-226.
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  7.  34
    The bald soprano sings: The concept of the absurd in the works of Ionesco and selected musical compositions.Alan Mandel - 1997 - The European Legacy 2 (1):170-174.
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  8.  14
    The Concept of Criticism. By F. E. Sparshott. London and Toronto, Oxford University Press. 1967, pp. 215. $5.95.Eli Mandel - 1968 - Dialogue 7 (2):292-296.
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  9.  2
    The Rebirth of the Soviet Labor Movement: The Coalminers' Strike of July 1989.David Mandel - 1990 - Politics and Society 18 (3):381-404.
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  10. Toward an interpretation of dynamic neural activity in terms of chaotic dynamical systems-Open Peer Commentary-Network stabilization on unstable manifolds: Computing with middle layer transients.A. J. Mandell & K. A. Selz - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):822-822.
     
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  11.  26
    Agent-patient similarity affects sentence structure in language production: evidence from subject omissions in Mandarin.Yaling Hsiao, Yannan Gao & Maryellen C. MacDonald - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5:104735.
    Interference effects from semantically similar items are well-known in studies of single word production, where the presence of semantically similar distractor words slows picture naming. This article examines the consequences of this interference in sentence production and tests the hypothesis that in situations of high similarity-based interference, producers are more likely to omit one of the interfering elements than when there is low semantic similarity and thus low interference. This work investigated language production in Mandarin, which allows subject noun phrases (...)
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  12.  94
    Life without essence: Man as a force-of-nature.Mandel Cabrera, Sarah Coolidge & Joseph Almog - 2011 - Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):43-77.
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  13.  33
    Anticipation and Hope as Categories of Historical Materialism.Ernest Mandel - 2002 - Historical Materialism 10 (4):245-259.
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  14.  59
    Semantics for Pure Theories of Connexive Implication.Yale Weiss - 2022 - Review of Symbolic Logic 15 (3):591-606.
    In this article, I provide Urquhart-style semilattice semantics for three connexive logics in an implication-negation language (I call these “pure theories of connexive implication”). The systems semantically characterized include the implication-negation fragment of a connexive logic of Wansing, a relevant connexive logic recently developed proof-theoretically by Francez, and an intermediate system that is novel to this article. Simple proofs of soundness and completeness are given and the semantics is used to establish various facts about the systems (e.g., that two of (...)
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  15. Escape from reality: Prisoners' counterfactual thinking about crime, justice and punishment.M. K. Dhami, D. R. Mandel & K. A. Souza - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge. pp. 165--182.
     
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  16.  49
    Children's strategy use when playing strategic games.Maartje E. J. Raijmakers, Dorothy J. Mandell, Sara E. Es & Marian Counihan - 2012 - Synthese (3):1-16.
    Strategic games require reasoning about other people’s and one’s own beliefs or intentions. Although they have clear commonalities with psychological tests of theory of mind, they are not clearly related to theory of mind tests for children between 9 and 10 years of age “Flobbe et al. J Logic Language Inform 17(4):417–442 (2008)”. We studied children’s (5–12 years of age) individual differences in how they played a strategic game by analyzing the strategies that they applied in a zero, first, and (...)
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  17.  15
    The Changing Essence of Technology.Mandel Davenport - 1998 - Southwest Philosophy Review 14 (1):77-83.
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  18.  36
    Counterfactuals, emotions, and context.David Mandel - 2003 - Cognition and Emotion 17 (1):139-159.
  19.  5
    Son De La Loma [musical Group].Kurt H. Wolff & Alan Mandell - 1989
  20.  5
    Framing, equivalence, and rational inference.David R. Mandel - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e234.
    Bermúdez's case for rational framing effects, while original, is unconvincing and gives only parenthetical treatment to the problematic assumptions of extensional and semantic equivalence of alternative frames in framing experiments. If the assumptions are false, which they sometimes are, no valid inferences about “framing effects” follow and, then, neither do inferences about human rationality. This commentary recaps the central problem.
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  21.  22
    Does sentential prosody help infants organize and remember speech information?Denise R. Mandel, Peter W. Jusczyk & Deborah G. Kemler Nelson - 1994 - Cognition 53 (2):155-180.
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  22.  37
    A Note on the Relevance of Semilattice Relevance Logic.Yale Weiss - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Logic 16 (6):177-185.
    A propositional logic has the variable sharing property if φ → ψ is a theorem only if φ and ψ share some propositional variable. In this note, I prove that positive semilattice relevance logic and its extension with an involution negation have the variable sharing property. Typical proofs of the variable sharing property rely on ad hoc, if clever, matrices. However, in this note, I exploit the properties of rather more intuitive arithmetical structures to establish the variable sharing property for (...)
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  23.  47
    Connexive Extensions of Regular Conditional Logic.Yale Weiss - 2019 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 28 (3):611-627.
    The object of this paper is to examine half and full connexive extensions of the basic regular conditional logic CR. Extensions of this system are of interest because it is among the strongest well-known systems of conditional logic that can be augmented with connexive theses without inconsistency resulting. These connexive extensions are characterized axiomatically and their relations to one another are examined proof-theoretically. Subsequently, algebraic semantics are given and soundness, completeness, and decidability are proved for each system. The semantics is (...)
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  24.  9
    Predicting Clinical Trial Results: A Synthesis of Five Empirical Studies and Their Implications.Jonathan Kimmelman, David R. Mandel & David M. Benjamin - 2023 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 66 (1):107-128.
    Abstractabstract:Expectations about future events underlie practically every decision we make, including those in medical research. This paper reviews five studies undertaken to assess how well medical experts could predict the outcomes of clinical trials. It explains why expert trial forecasting was the focus of study and argues that forecasting skill affords insights into the quality of expert judgment and might be harnessed to improve decision-making in care, policy, and research. The paper also addresses potential criticisms of the research agenda and (...)
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  25.  33
    The power of style: differential operator scaling in the lexical compression of sequences generated by psychological, content-free computer tasks.Karen A. Selz & Arnold J. Mandell - 1997 - Complexity 2 (5):50-55.
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  26.  49
    Basic Intuitionistic Conditional Logic.Yale Weiss - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 48 (3):447-469.
    Conditional logics have traditionally been intended to formalize various intuitively correct modes of reasoning involving conditional expressions in natural language. Although conditional logics have by now been thoroughly studied in a classical context, they have yet to be systematically examined in an intuitionistic context, despite compelling philosophical and technical reasons to do so. This paper addresses this gap by thoroughly examining the basic intuitionistic conditional logic ICK, the intuitionistic counterpart of Chellas’ important classical system CK. I give ICK both worlds (...)
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  27.  36
    Word-by-word entrainment of speech rhythm during joint story building.Tommi Himberg, Lotta Hirvenkari, Anne Mandel & Riitta Hari - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  28.  48
    A New Standardized Emotional Film Database for Asian Culture.Yaling Deng, Meng Yang & Renlai Zhou - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  29. Frontiers of Conditional Logic.Yale Weiss - 2019 - Dissertation, The Graduate Center, City University of New York
    Conditional logics were originally developed for the purpose of modeling intuitively correct modes of reasoning involving conditional—especially counterfactual—expressions in natural language. While the debate over the logic of conditionals is as old as propositional logic, it was the development of worlds semantics for modal logic in the past century that catalyzed the rapid maturation of the field. Moreover, like modal logic, conditional logic has subsequently found a wide array of uses, from the traditional (e.g. counterfactuals) to the exotic (e.g. conditional (...)
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  30. Effect of counterfactual and factual thinking on causal judgements.David R. Mandel - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):245 – 265.
    The significance of counterfactual thinking in the causal judgement process has been emphasized for nearly two decades, yet no previous research has directly compared the relative effect of thinking counterfactually versus factually on causal judgement. Three experiments examined this comparison by manipulating the task frame used to focus participants' thinking about a target event. Prior to making judgements about causality, preventability, blame, and control, participants were directed to think about a target actor either in counterfactual terms (what the actor could (...)
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  31.  19
    Marginalia, commonplaces, and correspondence: Scribal exchange in early modern science.Elizabeth Yale - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (2):193-202.
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  32. Political Identity Over Personal Impact: Early U.S. Reactions to the COVID-19 Pandemic.Robert N. Collins, David R. Mandel & Sarah S. Schywiola - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research suggests political identity has strong influence over individuals’ attitudes and beliefs, which in turn can affect their behavior. Likewise, firsthand experience with an issue can also affect attitudes and beliefs. A large survey of Americans was analyzed to investigate the effects of both political identity and personal impact on individuals’ reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic. Results show that political identity and personal impact influenced the American public’s attitudes about and response to COVID-19. Consistent with prior research, political identity exerted (...)
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  33.  14
    : Reading the Book of Nature: How Eight Best Sellers Reconnected Christianity and the Sciences on the Eve of the Victorian Age.Elizabeth Yale - 2024 - Isis 115 (1):189-190.
  34.  55
    Did Aristotle Endorse Aristotle’s Thesis? A Case Study in Aristotle’s Metalogic.Yale Weiss - 2022 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 63 (4):551-579.
    Since McCall (1966), the heterodox principle of propositional logic that it is impossible for a proposition to be entailed by its own negation—in symbols, ¬(¬φ→φ)—has gone by the name of Aristotle’s thesis, since Aristotle apparently endorses it in Prior Analytics 2.4, 57b3–14. Scholars have contested whether Aristotle did endorse his eponymous thesis, whether he could do so consistently, and for what purpose he endorsed it if he did. In this article, I reconstruct Aristotle’s argument from this passage and show that (...)
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  35.  66
    Semantics for Counterpossibles.Yale Weiss - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Logic 14 (4):383-407.
    The object of this paper is to examine two approaches to giving non-vacuous truth conditions for counterpossibles, counterfactuals with impossible antecedents. I first develop modifications of a Lewis-style sphere semantics with impossible worlds. I argue that this approach sanctions intuitively invalid inferences and is supported by philosophically problematic foundations. I then develop modifications of certain ceteris paribus conditional logics with impossible worlds. Tableaux are given for each of these in an appendix and soundness and completeness results are proved. While certain (...)
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  36.  18
    Multimodal spatial representations in the primate parietal lobe.Yale E. Cohen & Richard A. Andersen - 2004 - In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. Oxford University Press. pp. 154--176.
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  37. What Vedanta means to me: a symposium.John Yale (ed.) - 1961 - Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Company.
    Gerald Sykes -- Aldous Huxley -- Gerald Heard -- Christopher Isherwood -- John van Druten -- Marianna Masin -- J. Crawford Lewis -- Dorothy F. Mercer -- Kurt Friedrichs -- Swami Atulananda -- Jane Molard -- The Countess of Sandwich -- John Yale -- Joan Rayne -- Durgacharan -- Pravrajika Saradaprana.
     
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  38.  69
    Marginalia, commonplaces, and correspondence: Scribal exchange in early modern science.Elizabeth Yale - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (2):193-202.
    In recent years, historians of science have increasingly turned their attention to the “print culture” of early modern science. These studies have revealed that printing, as both a technology and a social and economic system, structured the forms and meanings of natural knowledge. Yet in early modern Europe, naturalists, including John Aubrey, John Evelyn, and John Ray, whose work is discussed in this paper, often shared and read scientific texts in manuscript either before or in lieu of printing. Scribal exchange, (...)
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  39.  22
    Editorial: Judgment and Decision Making Under Uncertainty: Descriptive, Normative, and Prescriptive Perspectives.David R. Mandel, Gorka Navarrete, Nathan Dieckmann & Jonathan Nelson - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  40. Late Capitalism.Ernest Mandel - 1979 - Science and Society 43 (1):106-109.
  41.  46
    Risky‐choice framing and rational decision‐making.Sarah A. Fisher & David R. Mandel - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (8):e12763.
    This article surveys the latest research on risky-choice framing effects, focusing on the implications for rational decision-making. An influential program of psychological research suggests that people's judgements and decisions depend on the way in which information is presented, or ‘framed’. In a central choice paradigm, decision-makers seem to adopt different preferences, and different attitudes to risk, depending on whether the options specify the number of people who will be saved or the corresponding number who will die. It is standardly assumed (...)
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  42.  52
    Sextus Empiricus' Fourth Conditional and Containment Logic.Yale Weiss - 2019 - History and Philosophy of Logic 40 (4):307-322.
    In his Outlines of Pyrrhonism 2.110–113, Sextus Empiricus presents four different accounts of the conditional, presumably all from the Hellenistic period, in increasing logical strength. While the interpretation and provenance of the first three accounts is relatively secure, the fourth account has perplexed and frustrated interpreters for decades or longer. Most interpreters have ultimately taken a dismissive attitude towards the fourth account and discounted it as being of both little historical and logical interest. We argue that this attitude is unwarranted (...)
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  43. Multimodal spatial representations in the primate parietal lobe.Yale E. Cohen & Andersen & A. Richard - 2004 - In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. Oxford University Press.
     
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  44.  20
    Abolition of the PRE by instructions in GSR conditioning.Wagner H. Bridger & Irwin J. Mandel - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (5):476.
  45. Determinants of entrepreneurial ability.Yale Brozen - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
     
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  46.  28
    Are the Distinctions Drawn in the Debate about End-of-Life Decision Making “Principled”? If Not, How Much Does It Matter?Yale Kamisar - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):66-84.
    The current ethical-legal consensus — prohibiting assisted suicide and euthanasia, but (1) allowing patients to forgo all life-saving treatment, and (2) permitting pain relief that increases the risk of death — is a means of having it both ways. This is how we often make “tragic choices.”.
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  47.  5
    Lincoln and Labor.Philip S. Foner & Bernard Mandel - 1955 - Science and Society 19 (1):56 - 59.
  48. The Jewish People in Classical Antiquity: From Alexander to Bar Kochba.John H. Hayes & Sara R. Mandell - 1998
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  49.  1
    Perspectives in biological dynamics and theoretical medicine.Stephen H. Koslow, Arnold J. Mandell & Michael F. Shlesinger (eds.) - 1987 - New York, N.Y.: New York Academy of Sciences.
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  50.  41
    Uncertainty, Decision Science, and Policy Making: A Manifesto for a Research Agenda.David Tuckett, Antoine Mandel, Diana Mangalagiu, Allen Abramson, Jochen Hinkel, Konstantinos Katsikopoulos, Alan Kirman, Thierry Malleret, Igor Mozetic, Paul Ormerod, Robert Elliot Smith, Tommaso Venturini & Angela Wilkinson - 2015 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 27 (2):213-242.
    ABSTRACTThe financial crisis of 2008 was unforeseen partly because the academic theories that underpin policy making do not sufficiently account for uncertainty and complexity or learned and evolved human capabilities for managing them. Mainstream theories of decision making tend to be strongly normative and based on wishfully unrealistic “idealized” modeling. In order to develop theories of actual decision making under uncertainty, we need new methodologies that account for how human actors often manage uncertain situations “well enough.” Some possibly helpful methodologies, (...)
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