Results for 'Yale Mandel'

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  1.  16
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]William H. Goetzmann, William Duffy, Wagoner Jr, Roman A. Bernert, Charles D. Biebel, Dorothy Carrington, Richard G. Durnin, Sheldon Rothblatt, David E. Denton, Hyman Kuritz, Nubuo Shimahara, William Hare, Frederick M. Schultz, Floyd K. Wright, Wiiliam Vaughan, Harold B. Dunkel, Michael B. Mcmahon, Owen E. Pittenger, Stephan Michelson, Kal I. Gezi, Lawrence D. Klein, Yale Mandel & Samuel L. Woodward - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (1):28-44.
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  2.  39
    The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking.David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.) - 2005 - Routledge.
    It is human nature to wonder how things might have turned out differently--either for the better or for the worse. For the past two decades psychologists have been intrigued by this phenomenon, which they call counterfactual thinking. Specifically, researchers have sought to answer the "big" questions: Why do people have such a strong propensity to generate counterfactuals, and what functions does counterfactual thinking serve? What are the determinants of counterfactual thinking, and what are its adaptive and psychological consequences? This important (...)
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  3.  48
    Effect of Counterfactual and Factual Thinking on Causal Judgements.David R. Mandel - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):245 – 265.
    The significance of counterfactual thinking in the causal judgement process has been emphasized for nearly two decades, yet no previous research has directly compared the relative effect of thinking counterfactually versus factually on causal judgement. Three experiments examined this comparison by manipulating the task frame used to focus participants' thinking about a target event. Prior to making judgements about causality, preventability, blame, and control, participants were directed to think about a target actor either in counterfactual terms (what the actor could (...)
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  4. Social Democracy and Social Movements.Ernest Mandel - 1983 - Thesis Eleven 7 (1):159-162.
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  5.  32
    Taboo or Tragic: Effect of Tradeoff Type on Moral Choice, Conflict, and Confidence. [REVIEW]David R. Mandel & Oshin Vartanian - 2008 - Mind and Society 7 (2):215-226.
    Historically, cognitivists considered moral choices to be determined by analytic processes. Recent theories, however, have emphasized the role of intuitive processes in determining moral choices. We propose that the engagement of analytic and intuitive processes is contingent on the type of tradeoff being considered. Specifically, when a tradeoff necessarily violates a moral principle no matter what choice is made, as in tragic tradeoffs, its resolution should result in greater moral conflict and less confidence in choice than when the tradeoff offers (...)
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  6. Counterfactual and Causal Explanation: From Early Theoretical Views to New Frontiers.David R. Mandel - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge.
     
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  7.  51
    Marginalia, Commonplaces, and Correspondence: Scribal Exchange in Early Modern Science.Elizabeth Yale - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (2):193-202.
    In recent years, historians of science have increasingly turned their attention to the “print culture” of early modern science. These studies have revealed that printing, as both a technology and a social and economic system, structured the forms and meanings of natural knowledge. Yet in early modern Europe, naturalists, including John Aubrey, John Evelyn, and John Ray, whose work is discussed in this paper, often shared and read scientific texts in manuscript either before or in lieu of printing. Scribal exchange, (...)
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  8.  17
    Anticipation and Hope as Categories of Historical Materialism.Ernest Mandel - 2002 - Historical Materialism 10 (4):245-259.
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  9.  20
    Differential Focus in Causal and Counterfactual Thinking: Different Possibilities or Different Functions?David R. Mandel - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):460-461.
    In The Rational Imagination, Byrne proposes a mental models account of why causal and counterfactual thinking often focus on different antecedents. This review critically examines the two central propositions of her account, finding both only weakly defensible. Byrne's account is contrasted with judgment dissociation theory, which offers a functional explanation for differences in the focus of causal and counterfactual thinking.
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  10.  41
    Indistinguishability in One-Photon and Two-Photon Interference.L. Mandel - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (2):211-218.
    Some interference experiments with the photon pairs from two parametric down-converters are described and analyzed. They are found to contribute to the interpretation of the quantum state.
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  11.  13
    Nested Sets Theory, Full Stop: Explaining Performance on Bayesian Inference Tasks Without Dual-Systems Assumptions.David R. Mandel - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):275-276.
    Consistent with Barbey & Sloman (B&S), it is proposed that performance on Bayesian inference tasks is well explained by nested sets theory (NST). However, contrary to those authors' view, it is proposed that NST does better by dispelling with dual-systems assumptions. This article examines why, and sketches out a series of NST's core principles, which were not previously defined.
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  12.  10
    Abolition of the PRE by Instructions in GSR Conditioning.Wagner H. Bridger & Irwin J. Mandel - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (5):476.
  13.  29
    The Bald Soprano Sings: The Concept of the Absurd in the Works of Ionesco and Selected Musical Compositions.Alan Mandel - 1997 - The European Legacy 2 (1):170-174.
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  14.  32
    Forecasted Risk Taking in Youth: Evidence for a Bounded-Rationality Perspective.Mandeep K. Dhami & David R. Mandel - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):161-171.
    This research examined whether youth's forecasted risk taking is best predicted by a compensatory (namely, subjective expected utility) or non-compensatory (e.g., single-factor) model. Ninety youth assessed the importance of perceived benefits, importance of perceived drawbacks, subjective probability of benefits, and subjective probability of drawbacks for 16 risky behaviors clustered evenly into recreational and health/safety domains. In both domains, there was strong support for a noncompensatory model in which only the perceived importance of the benefits of engaging in a risky behavior (...)
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  15.  19
    Margins of Philosophy. By Jacques Derrida. [REVIEW]Ross Mandel - 1985 - Modern Schoolman 62 (3):203-205.
  16.  13
    Correspondence.O. Mandel - 1985 - The Classical Review 35 (01):230-.
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  17.  16
    Contemporary Theories of Knowledge. By John L. Pollock.Ross Mandel - 1990 - Modern Schoolman 68 (1):105-107.
  18.  13
    Informed Consent: An Ethical Issue in Conducting Research with Male Partner Violent Offenders.Cory A. Crane, Samuel W. Hawes, Dolores Mandel & Caroline J. Easton - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (6):477-488.
    Ethical codes help guide the methods of research that involves samples gathered from ?at-risk? populations. The current article reviews general as well as specific ethical principles related to gathering informed consent from partner violent offenders mandated to outpatient treatment, a group that may be at increased risk of unintentional coercion in behavioral sciences research due to court mandates that require outpatient treatment without the ethical protections imbued upon prison populations. Recommendations are advanced to improve the process of informed consent within (...)
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  19.  24
    On the Meaning and Function of Normative Analysis: Conceptual Blur in the Rationality Debate?David R. Mandel - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):686-687.
    The rationality debate centers on the meaning of deviations of decision makers' responses from the predictions/prescriptions of normative models. But for the debate to have significance, the meaning and functions of normative analysis must be clear. Presently, they are not, and the debate's persistence owes much to conceptual blur. An attempt is made here to clarify the concept of normative analysis.
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  20.  11
    The Structure of Aesthetics. By F. E. Sparshott. Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1963. Pp. 471. $7.50.E. W. Mandel - 1964 - Dialogue 3 (2):199-200.
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  21.  6
    Criticism and Creativity.E. W. Mandel - 1964 - Dialogue 2 (4):377-397.
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  22.  12
    The Autobiographer's Art.Barrett John Mandel - 1968 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 27 (2):215-226.
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  23.  12
    The Concept of Criticism. By F. E. Sparshott. London and Toronto, Oxford University Press. 1967, Pp. 215. $5.95.Eli Mandel - 1968 - Dialogue 7 (2):292-296.
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  24.  6
    Cross-Modality Transfer of Differential Galvanic Skin Response Conditioning to Word Stimuli.Irwin J. Mandel & Wagner H. Bridger - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (2):157.
  25.  10
    Predicting Blame Assignment in a Case of Negligent Harm.David R. Mandel - 2010 - Mind and Society 9 (1):5-17.
    Theories of blame posit that observers consider causality, controllability, and foreseeability when assigning blame to actors. The present study examined which of these factors, either on their own or in interaction, predicted blame assigned to actors in a case of harm caused by negligence. The findings revealed that only causal impact ratings predicted blame. The findings also revealed a novel form of asymmetric discounting: the causal impact of a negligent actor was used to discount blame assigned to an innocent actor, (...)
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  26.  4
    The Vertical Mosaic. An Analysis of Social Class and Power in Canada. By Porter John. University of Toronto Press. 1965. Pp. Xiv, 626. $15.00. [REVIEW]E. W. Mandel - 1966 - Dialogue 4 (4):546-548.
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  27.  5
    Texts in Context.Elizabeth Yale - 2008 - Metascience 17 (1):105-109.
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  28.  5
    John Allen Brentlinger, 1934-2007.Sandra Mandel - 2007 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 81 (2):167 - 168.
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  29.  2
    Setting the Record Straight on Organ Sales.Stanley R. Mandel - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (4):48-49.
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  30.  1
    Lincoln and Labor.Philip S. Foner & Bernard Mandel - 1955 - Science and Society 19 (1):56 - 59.
  31.  1
    The Use of Immature Pancreas as a Source of Tissue for Transplantation in Diabetes.T. E. Mandel - 1985 - Bioethics News 5 (1).
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  32. Autobiosophy.Nahum Mandel - 2006 - Nahum Mandel.
  33.  43
    The Statistical Analysis of Experimental Data.John Mandel - 1964 - Dover Publications.
    First half of book presents fundamental mathematical definitions, concepts and facts while remaining half deals with statistics primarily as an interpretive tool. Well-written text, numerous worked examples with step-by-step presentation. 116 tables.
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  34. A Yankee and the Swamis.John[from old catalog] Yale - 1961 - Hollywood, Calif., Vedanta Press.
     
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  35. What Vedanta Means to Me.John Yale - 1961 - Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday.
     
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  36.  30
    Are Research Schools Necessary? Contrasting Models of 20th Century Research at Yale Led by Ross Granville Harrison, Grace E. Pickford and G. Evelyn Hutchinson.Nancy G. Slack - 2003 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (3):501 - 529.
    This paper compares and contrasts three groups that conducted biological research at Yale University during overlapping periods between 1910 and 1970. Yale University proved important as a site for this research. The leaders of these groups were Ross Granville Harrison, Grace E. Pickford, and G. Evelyn Hutchinson, and their members included both graduate students and more experienced scientists. All produced innovative research, including the opening of new subfields in embryology, endocrinology and ecology respectively, over a long period of (...)
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  37.  15
    Concerning Der Spätkapitalismus: Mandel's Quest for a Synthesis of Late Capitalism.Jan Willem Stutje - 2007 - Historical Materialism 15 (1):167-198.
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  38. The Nature of Shadows, From Yale to Bilkent.István Aranyosi - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (2):219-223.
    I discuss a solution to the Yale shadow puzzle, due to Roy Sorensen, based on the actual process theory of causation, and argue that it does not work in the case of a new version of the puzzle, which I call "the Bilkent shadow puzzle". I offer a picture of the ontology of shadows that constitute the basis for a new solution that uniformly applies to both puzzles.
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  39.  4
    Medieval Foundations of the Western Intellectual Tradition 400–1400. The Yale Intellectual History of the West. [REVIEW]Michael W. Tkacz - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (3):689-689.
    While it is no longer a commonplace among intellectual historians, the view of the Middle Ages as a dark age of ignorance still pervades the popular imagination. Auguste Comte and his fellow Enlightenment philosophes have indeed cast a long shadow. The shadow is long and dark enough that many students of the history of philosophy, for example, still begin their graduate studies under the impression that little work of importance was produced between Plotinus and Descartes—at least little that is relevant (...)
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  40.  47
    Husserl's Phenomenology in America (USA): The Human Science Legacy of Wilbur Marshall Urban and the Yale School of Communicology.Richard L. Lanigan - 2011 - Schutzian Research. A Yearbook of Worldly Phenomenology and Qualitative Social Science 3:203-217.
    Edmund Husserl gave his famous London Lectures (in German) in June 1922 where he says his purpose is to explain “transcendental sociological [intersubjective] phenomenology having reference to a manifest multiplicity of conscious subjects communicating with one another”. This effective definitionof semiotic phenomenology as Communicology was reported in English (1923) by Charles K. Ogden and I. A. Richards in the first book on the topic titled The Meaning of Meaning. This groundwork was in full development by 1939 with the first detailed (...)
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  41.  14
    Psychobiology, Sex Research and Chimpanzees: Philanthropic Foundation Support for the Behavioral Sciences at Yale University, 1923—41.Kersten Jacobson Biehn - 2008 - History of the Human Sciences 21 (2):21-43.
    Behavioral science research in American universities was promoted and influenced by philanthropic foundations. In the 1920s and 1930s, Rockefeller philanthropies in particular financed behavioral science research projects that promised to fulfill their mandates to `improve mankind', mandates that foundation officers transformed into an informal, loosely defined human engineering effort. Controlling behavior, especially sexual and social `dysfunction', was a major priority. The behavioral scientists at Yale University, led by president James R. Angell and `psychobiologist' Robert M. Yerkes, tapped into foundation (...)
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  42.  73
    Iain McGilchrist, The Master and His Emissary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010). [REVIEW]Rupert Read - 2012 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (1):119-124.
    Iain McGilchrist, The master and his emissary: the divided brain and the making of the Western world (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010) Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 119-124 DOI 10.1007/s11097-011-9235-x Authors Rupert Read, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK Journal Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences Online ISSN 1572-8676 Print ISSN 1568-7759 Journal Volume Volume 11 Journal Issue Volume 11, Number 1.
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  43.  20
    Jos de Mul. The Tragedy of Finitude. Dilthey's Hermeneutics of Life. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. 2004.[Name Unavailable] - 2009 - Analecta Hermeneutica 1.
    Book Review. Jos de Mul. The Tragedy of Finitude . Dilthey’s Hermeneutics of Life . New Haven and London: Yale University Press. 2004.
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  44.  17
    Mandel'?Tam and Dante: TheDivine Comedy in Mandel'?Tam's Poetry of the 1930s.Marina Glazova - 1984 - Studies in Soviet Thought 28 (4):281-335.
    Osip Mandel'štam belongs among the greatest Russian poets of the twentieth century. During the thirties, when he led a tragic existence and felt a premonition of his inevitable violent death, Mandel'štam saw in Dante not only the greatest poet, but also his own superior teacher, and his poems of that period contain a tormented meditation on the masterpiece of Dante's genius -- the "Divine Comedy". Epic poetry of Dante, Homer, Virgil and others was possible because the inner world (...)
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  45.  22
    Some Editions of the Iliad Homeri Ilias. Scholarum in Usum Edidit Paulus Cauer. Pars I. Carm. I.—XII. Editio Maior. Vienna, Tempsky; Leipzig, Freytag. 3m. Ditto. Ditto. Editio Minor, 1m. 75. The First Three Books of Homer's Iliad, with Introduction, Commentary, and Vocabulary for the Use of Schools. By Thomas D. Seymour, Hillhouse Professor of Greek in Yale College. Boston, Ginn. Homer's Ilias in Verkürzter Ausgabe. Für den Schulgebrauch von A. Th. Christ. MIT 9 Abbildungen Und 2 Karten. Vienna, Tempsky. 1 Fl. 30kr. [REVIEW]W. Leaf - 1890 - The Classical Review 4 (07):313-.
    Homeri Ilias. Scholarum in usum edidit Paulus Cauer. Pars I. Carm. I.—XII. Editio Maior. Vienna, Tempsky; Leipzig, Freytag. 3m. Ditto. Ditto. Editio Minor, 1m. 75. The First Three Books of Homer's Iliad, with Introduction, Commentary, and Vocabulary for the use of schools. By Thomas D. Seymour, Hillhouse Professor of Greek in Yale College. Boston, Ginn. Homer's Ilias in Verkürzter Ausgabe. Für den Schulgebrauch von A. Th. Christ. Mit 9 Abbildungen und 2 Karten. Vienna, Tempsky. 1 fl. 30kr.
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  46.  38
    The Artist as Transgressor in Mandel'Štam's Poetry.Marina Glazova - 1988 - Studies in East European Thought 36 (1-2):1-61.
    In Mandel'tam's writing, artistic creativity is described as based on the indispensable yet contradictory modes of compliance and deviation. The artist, by his artistic nature, must be an obedient disciple to the tradition that inspires him, and, at the same time, a violator who renders what inspires him in an individual form. Thus, art implies iterability through novelty. In the totalitarian state, this double nature of art acquires a sinister context and brings the artist to an unavoidable conflict with (...)
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  47.  27
    The Yale Shooting Problem.Tim Fernando - manuscript
    The Yale Shooting Problem introduced by Steve Hanks & Drew McDermott (1987) is a well-known test case of non-monotonic temporal reasoning. There is a sequence of situations. In the initial situation a gun is not loaded and the target is alive. In the next situation the gun is loaded. Eventually, a shot is fired, perhaps with fatal consequences. In this scenario there are two "fluents", alive and loaded, and two actions, load and shoot. Being loaded and being alive are (...)
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  48.  31
    Mandel'Štam and Dante: Thedivine Comedy in Mandel'Štam's Poetry of the 1930s.Marina Glazova - 1984 - Studies in East European Thought 28 (4):281-335.
    Osip Mandel''tam (1891–1938?) belongs among the greatest Russian poets of the twentieth century. During the thirties, when he led a tragic existence and felt a premonition of his inevitable violent death, Mandel''tam saw in Dante not only the greatest poet, but also his own superior teacher, and his poems of that period contain a tormented meditation on the masterpiece of Dante''s genius — theDivine Comedy.Epic poetry of Dante, Homer, Virgil and others was possible because the inner world of (...)
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  49.  8
    The Artist as Transgressor in Mandel'?Tam's Poetry.Marina Glazova - 1988 - Studies in Soviet Thought 36 (1-2):1-61.
    In Mandel'štam's writing, artistic creativity is described as based on the indispensable yet contradictory modes of compliance and deviation. The artist, by his artistic nature, must be an "obedient disciple" to the tradition that inspires him, and, at the same time, a "violator" who renders what inspires him in an individual form. Thus, art implies iterability through novelty. In the totalitarian state, this double nature of art acquires a sinister context and brings the artist to an unavoidable conflict with (...)
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  50.  5
    I Claudia. Women in Ancient Rome, éd. Diana E. E. Kleiner et Susan B. Matheson, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, 1996, 228 p. [REVIEW]Hélène Guiraud - 1997 - Clio: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 2:31-31.
    L'ouvrage regroupe plusieurs chapitres et les notices et photographies de 170 statues et objets présentés lors de trois expositions dans des musées américains, à Yale en 1996, San Antonio et Raleigh en 1997. Après un premier chapitre sur le « genre » (Gender theory in roman art, N.B. Kampen), concept moderne, fruit de plusieurs décades de travail sur la théorie féministe, qui est un chapitre de réflexions sur l'organisation sociale hiérarchisée, fondée sur les différences sexuelles, ..
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