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Yang Liu [50]Yang-Yu Liu [3]Yang Leona Liu [1]Yanghong Liu [1]
Yangzi Liu [1]Yanghe Liu [1]Yangyang Liu [1]
  1. Ramsey and Joyce on Deliberation and Prediction.Yang Liu & Huw Price - 2020 - Synthese 197:4365-4386.
    Can an agent deliberating about an action A hold a meaningful credence that she will do A? 'No', say some authors, for 'Deliberation Crowds Out Prediction' (DCOP). Others disagree, but we argue here that such disagreements are often terminological. We explain why DCOP holds in a Ramseyian operationalist model of credence, but show that it is trivial to extend this model so that DCOP fails. We then discuss a model due to Joyce, and show that Joyce's rejection of DCOP rests (...)
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  2.  72
    Multivalue ethical framework for fair global allocation of a COVID-19 vaccine.Yangzi Liu, Sanjana Salwi & Brian C. Drolet - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (8):499-501.
    The urgent drive for vaccine development in the midst of the current COVID-19 pandemic has prompted public and private organisations to invest heavily in research and development of a COVID-19 vaccine. Organisations globally have affirmed the commitment of fair global access, but the means by which a successful vaccine can be mass produced and equitably distributed remains notably unanswered. Barriers for low-income countries include the inability to afford vaccines as well as inadequate resources to vaccinate, barriers that are exacerbated during (...)
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  3. Heart of DARCness.Yang Liu & Huw Price - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 97 (1):136-150.
    There is a long-standing disagreement in the philosophy of probability and Bayesian decision theory about whether an agent can hold a meaningful credence about an upcoming action, while she deliberates about what to do. Can she believe that it is, say, 70% probable that she will do A, while she chooses whether to do A? No, say some philosophers, for Deliberation Crowds Out Prediction (DCOP), but others disagree. In this paper, we propose a valid core for DCOP, and identify terminological (...)
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  4.  42
    Overcoming Barriers to Cross-cultural Cooperation in AI Ethics and Governance.Seán S. ÓhÉigeartaigh, Jess Whittlestone, Yang Liu, Yi Zeng & Zhe Liu - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (4):571-593.
    Achieving the global benefits of artificial intelligence (AI) will require international cooperation on many areas of governance and ethical standards, while allowing for diverse cultural perspectives and priorities. There are many barriers to achieving this at present, including mistrust between cultures, and more practical challenges of coordinating across different locations. This paper focuses particularly on barriers to cooperation between Europe and North America on the one hand and East Asia on the other, as regions which currently have an outsized impact (...)
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  5. A Simpler and More Realistic Subjective Decision Theory.Haim Gaifman & Yang Liu - 2018 - Synthese 195 (10):4205--4241.
    In his classic book “the Foundations of Statistics” Savage developed a formal system of rational decision making. The system is based on (i) a set of possible states of the world, (ii) a set of consequences, (iii) a set of acts, which are functions from states to consequences, and (iv) a preference relation over the acts, which represents the preferences of an idealized rational agent. The goal and the culmination of the enterprise is a representation theorem: Any preference relation that (...)
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  6.  39
    Social Status and Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence from Chinese Privately Owned Firms.Yang Liu, Weiqi Dai, Mingqing Liao & Jiang Wei - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (4):651-672.
    In countries such as China, where Confucianism is the backbone of national culture, high-social-status entrepreneurs are inclined to engage in corporate social responsibility activities due to the perceived high stress from stakeholders and high ability of doing CSR. Based on a large-scale survey of private enterprises in China, our paper finds that Chinese entrepreneurs at private firms who have high social status are prone to engage in social responsibility efforts. In addition, high-social-status Chinese entrepreneurs are even more likely to engage (...)
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  7.  46
    Event-Triggered Control for the Stabilization of Probabilistic Boolean Control Networks.Shiyong Zhu, Jungang Lou, Yang Liu, Yuanyuan Li & Zhen Wang - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-7.
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  8. Countable Additivity, Idealization, and Conceptual Realism.Yang Liu - 2020 - Economics and Philosophy 36 (1):127-147.
    This paper addresses the issue of finite versus countable additivity in Bayesian probability and decision theory -- in particular, Savage's theory of subjective expected utility and personal probability. I show that Savage's reason for not requiring countable additivity in his theory is inconclusive. The assessment leads to an analysis of various highly idealised assumptions commonly adopted in Bayesian theory, where I argue that a healthy dose of, what I call, conceptual realism is often helpful in understanding the interpretational value of (...)
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  9. Incomplete Preference and Indeterminate Comparative Probabilities.Yang Liu - 2022 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 73 (3):795-810.
    The notion of comparative probability defined in Bayesian subjectivist theory stems from an intuitive idea that, for a given pair of events, one event may be considered “more probable” than the other. Yet it is conceivable that there are cases where it is indeterminate as to which event is more probable, due to, e.g., lack of robust statistical information. We take that these cases involve indeterminate comparative probabilities. This paper provides a Savage-style decision-theoretic foundation for indeterminate comparative probabilities.
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  10. "Click!" Bait for Causalists.Huw Price & Yang Liu - 2018 - In Arif Ahmed (ed.), Newcomb's Problem. Cambridge University Press. pp. 160-179.
    Causalists and Evidentialists can agree about the right course of action in an (apparent) Newcomb problem, if the causal facts are not as initially they seem. If declining $1,000 causes the Predictor to have placed $1m in the opaque box, CDT agrees with EDT that one-boxing is rational. This creates a difficulty for Causalists. We explain the problem with reference to Dummett's work on backward causation and Lewis's on chance and crystal balls. We show that the possibility that the causal (...)
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  11.  31
    Impact of Self-Concept, Self-Imagination, and Self-Efficacy on English Language Learning Outcomes Among Blended Learning Students During COVID-19.Ruihua Chen, Javed Iqbal, Yanghe Liu, Mengmei Zhu & Yi Xie - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The purpose of the present study was to explore the direct influence of self-concept and self-imagination on English language learning outcomes. Furthermore, this study examined the mediating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between self-concept, self-imagination, and ELLO. A survey questionnaire of 21 items was used in this study. We distributed the questionnaire through QR code and collected the data from 2,517 participants who enrolled in blended learning courses at the undergraduate level in Chinese universities. The relationship among the variables (...)
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  12.  37
    Event-Triggered Consensus Control for Leader-Following Multiagent Systems Using Output Feedback.Yang Liu & Xiaohui Hou - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-9.
    The event-triggered consensus control for leader-following multiagent systems subjected to external disturbances is investigated, by using the output feedback. In particular, a novel distributed event-triggered protocol is proposed by adopting dynamic observers to estimate the internal state information based on the measurable output signal. It is shown that under the developed observer-based event-triggered protocol, multiple agents will reach consensus with the desired disturbance attenuation ability and meanwhile exhibit no Zeno behaviors. Finally, a simulation is presented to verify the obtained results.
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  13. The Sure-thing Principle and P2.Yang Liu - 2017 - Economics Letters 159:221-223.
    This paper offers a fine analysis of different versions of the well known sure-thing principle. We show that Savage's formal formulation of the principle, i.e., his second postulate (P2), is strictly stronger than what is intended originally.
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  14.  5
    Mediating Role of Resilience in the Relationship Between English Learners’ Motivation and Well-Being.Fei Wang & Yanghong Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Teaching seeks to enhance learners’ well-being as well as their educational motivation since both constructs cause advancement in the process of learning and they increase the level of success in the educational cycle. Well-being is a critical requirement inside the academic environment that is considered as the main dimension of individuals’ tendency in the topic of positive psychology research, which is crucial for learning. Besides, as a significant idea in language domain and in order to consider the relation between well-being (...)
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  15.  18
    A Joint Deep Recommendation Framework for Location-Based Social Networks.Omer Tal & Yang Liu - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-11.
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  16.  18
    Regression Analysis of ICT Impact Factors on Early Adolescents’ Reading Proficiency in Five High-Performing Countries.Ya Xiao, Yang Liu & Jie Hu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  17. Context-dependent Utilities.Haim Gaifman & Yang Liu - 2015 - In Wiebe Van Der Hoek, Wesley H. Holliday & Wen Fang Wang (eds.), Logic, Rationality, and Interaction. Springer. pp. 90-101.
    Savage's framework of subjective preference among acts provides a paradigmatic derivation of rational subjective probabilities within a more general theory of rational decisions. The system is based on a set of possible states of the world, and on acts, which are functions that assign to each state a consequence€. The representation theorem states that the given preference between acts is determined by their expected utilities, based on uniquely determined probabilities (assigned to sets of states), and numeric utilities assigned to consequences. (...)
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  18.  51
    Transferable Feature Representation for Visible-to-Infrared Cross-Dataset Human Action Recognition.Yang Liu, Zhaoyang Lu, Jing Li, Chao Yao & Yanzi Deng - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-20.
    Recently, infrared human action recognition has attracted increasing attention for it has many advantages over visible light, that is, being robust to illumination change and shadows. However, the infrared action data is limited until now, which degrades the performance of infrared action recognition. Motivated by the idea of transfer learning, an infrared human action recognition framework using auxiliary data from visible light is proposed to solve the problem of limited infrared action data. In the proposed framework, we first construct a (...)
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  19. Editorial to “Decision theory and the future of AI”.Yang Liu, Stephan Hartmann & Huw Price - 2021 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 27):6413-6414.
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  20.  17
    Polarized message-passing in graph neural networks.Tiantian He, Yang Liu, Yew-Soon Ong, Xiaohu Wu & Xin Luo - 2024 - Artificial Intelligence 331 (C):104129.
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  21.  16
    Transforming environmental leadership into environmental performance: The mediating role of green intellectual capital.Mengjie Xi, Wei Fang, Taiwen Feng & Yang Liu - forthcoming - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility.
    According to upper echelon theory, this research seeks to explore how environmental leadership (EL) influences environmental performance through green intellectual capital (GIC), while also considering environmental climate as a moderator. We analyze the data from 317 Chinese manufacturing companies in two waves to test these hypotheses. The findings suggest that EL positively affects environmental performance via green structural capital and green relational capital (GRC). Moreover, environmental climate strengthens the impacts of EL on green human capital and GRC. This research enriches (...)
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  22.  41
    Emergency Evacuation of Hazardous Chemical Accidents Based on Diffusion Simulation.Jiang-Hua Zhang, Hai-Yue Liu, Rui Zhu & Yang Liu - 2017 - Complexity:1-16.
    The recent rapid development of information technology, such as sensing technology, communications technology, and database, allows us to use simulation experiments for analyzing serious accidents caused by hazardous chemicals. Due to the toxicity and diffusion of hazardous chemicals, these accidents often lead to not only severe consequences and economic losses, but also traffic jams at the same time. Emergency evacuation after hazardous chemical accidents is an effective means to reduce the loss of life and property and to smoothly resume the (...)
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  23.  28
    How do fairness definitions fare? Testing public attitudes towards three algorithmic definitions of fairness in loan allocations.Nripsuta Ani Saxena, Karen Huang, Evan DeFilippis, Goran Radanovic, David C. Parkes & Yang Liu - 2020 - Artificial Intelligence 283 (C):103238.
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  24. RBF Neural Network Backstepping Sliding Mode Adaptive Control for Dynamic Pressure Cylinder Electrohydraulic Servo Pressure System.Pan Deng, Liangcai Zeng & Yang Liu - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-16.
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  25.  18
    Changes in United States Latino/a High School Students’ Science Motivational Beliefs: Within Group Differences Across Science Subjects, Gender, Immigrant Status, and Perceived Support.Ta-Yang Hsieh, Yangyang Liu & Sandra D. Simpkins - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Science motivational beliefs are crucial for STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) performance and persistence, but these beliefs typically decline during high school. We expanded the literature on adolescents’ science motivational beliefs by examining: 1) changes in motivational beliefs in three specific science subjects, 2) how gender, immigrant generation status, and perceived support from key social agents predicted differences in adolescents’ science motivational beliefs, and 3) these processes among Latino/as in the United States, whose underrepresentation in STEM is understudied. We (...)
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  26. Two Tales of Epistemic Models.Yang Liu - 2019 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 8 (4):291-302.
    This short paper has two parts. First,we prove a generalisation of Aumann’s surprising impossibility result in the context of rational decision making. We then move, in the second part, to discuss the interpretational meaning of some formal setups of epistemic models, and we do so by means of presenting an interesting puzzle in epistemic logic. The aim is to highlight certain problematic aspects of these epistemic systems concerning first/third-person asymmetry which underlies both parts of the story. This asymmetry, we argue, (...)
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  27.  66
    Time-Dependent Effects of Acute Exercise on University Students’ Cognitive Performance in Temperate and Cold Environments.Ling-Yu Ji, Xiao-Ling Li, Yang Liu, Xiu-Wen Sun, Hui-Fen Wang, Long Chen & Liang Gao - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  28. Frege's Begriffsschrift is Indeed First-Order Complete.Yang Liu - 2017 - History and Philosophy of Logic 38 (4):342-344.
    It is widely taken that the first-order part of Frege's Begriffsschrift is complete. However, there does not seem to have been a formal verification of this received claim. The general concern is that Frege's system is one axiom short in the first-order predicate calculus comparing to, by now, the standard first-order theory. Yet Frege has one extra inference rule in his system. Then the question is whether Frege's first-order calculus is still deductively sufficient as far as the first-order completeness is (...)
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  29. Safety Stressors and Construction Workers' Safety Performance: The Mediating Role of Ego Depletion and Self-Efficacy.Gui Ye, Qingting Xiang, Lijuan Yang, Jingjing Yang, Nini Xia, Yang Liu & Tiantian He - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    As an important influencing factor of construction workers' safety performance, safety stressor has received increasing attention. However, no consensus has been reached on the relationship between different types of safety stressors and the subdimensions of safety performance, and the mechanism by which safety stressors influence safety performance remains unclear. This study proposed a multiple mediation model with ego depletion and self-efficacy as mediators between safety stressors and workers' safety performance. Data were collected from 335 construction workers in China. Results demonstrated (...)
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  30.  46
    Aerobic Exercise As a Potential Way to Improve Self-Control after Ego-Depletion in Healthy Female College Students.Zhiling Zou, Yang Liu, Jing Xie & Xiting Huang - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  31.  17
    Signaling Effects of CSR Performance on Cross-border Alliance Formation.Ding Wang, Jiang Wei, Niels Noorderhaven & Yang Liu - 2023 - Journal of Business Ethics 186 (4):831-850.
    This study examines the effects of corporate social responsibility (CSR) performance of Chinese firms on the formation of cross-border alliances with partners in developed countries. We use signaling theory and the co-evolutionary perspective as bases in proposing that the signaling effects of CSR performance on cross-border alliance formation are subject to the influences of subnational, national, and cross-national institutions. By using a longitudinal data set, we find that the signaling effects of CSR performance on cross-border alliance formation emerged only after (...)
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  32.  18
    Dynamic crosstalk between hematopoietic stem cells and their niche from emergence to aging.Zhao-hua Deng, Lan-yue Ma, Qi Chen & Yang Liu - 2023 - Bioessays 45 (3):2200121.
    The behavior of somatic stem cells is regulated by their niche. Interaction between hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and their niches are a representative model to understand stem cell‐niche interplay. Here, we provide an overview of crosstalk between HSCs and their niches in bone marrow and extramedullary organs following the life journey of HSCs from emergence, development, maturation until aging. We highlight the unique differences of HSC niches in different life stages within various organs focusing on recent literature to propose new (...)
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  33.  51
    Training and Transfer Effects of Combining Inhibitory Control Training With Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation in Healthy Adults.Chunchen Wang, Xinsheng Cao, Zhijun Gao, Yang Liu & Zhihong Wen - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Inhibitory control training is a promising method to improve individual performance of inhibitory control. Recent studies have suggested transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation as a novel approach to affect cognitive function owing to its ability to modulate the locus coeruleus-noradrenaline system. To examine the synergistic effects of combining ICT with tVNS, 58 young males in college were randomly assigned to four groups: ICT + tVNS, ICT + sham tVNS, sham ICT + tVNS, and sham ICT + sham tVNS. Participants were instructed (...)
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  34.  23
    Eye Size Affects Cuteness in Different Facial Expressions and Ages.Lichang Yao, Qi Dai, Qiong Wu, Yang Liu, Yiyang Yu, Ting Guo, Mengni Zhou, Jiajia Yang, Satoshi Takahashi, Yoshimichi Ejima & Jinglong Wu - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Researchers have suggested that infants exhibiting baby schema are considered cute. These similar studies have mainly focused on changes in overall baby schema facial features. However, whether a change in only eye size affects the perception of cuteness across different facial expressions and ages has not been explicitly evaluated until now. In the present study, a paired comparison method and 7-point scale were used to investigate the effects of eye size on perceived cuteness across facial expressions and ages. The results (...)
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  35.  17
    The Impact of Enterprise Management Elements on College Students’ Entrepreneurial Behavior by Complex Adaptive System Theory.Yueyuan Cheng, Junlong Zhang & Yang Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    At present, with the continuous rise in public consumption level, the pressure on college students’ entrepreneurship or employment is increasingly severe. Under the concept of positive psychological intervention, the present work aims to alleviate the entrepreneurial pressure of college students and improve college students’ entrepreneurial education through the analysis of enterprise management elements. A 3-month intervention experiment, including the pre-test, preventive curriculum intervention, post-test, and delayed test, is conducted on a control group and an experimental group, to investigate entrepreneurial intention, (...)
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  36.  9
    Associations between socioeconomic status and physical activity: A cross-sectional analysis of Chinese children and adolescents.Youzhi Ke, Lijuan Shi, Lingqun Peng, Sitong Chen, Jintao Hong & Yang Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    ObjectivesAlthough socioeconomic status has been shown to be an important determinant of physical activity in adults, the association in children and adolescents remains less consistent based on evidence from western developed countries. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to investigate associations between SES and PA among Chinese children and adolescents.MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted with a self-reported questionnaire in China. The multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used, and 2,955 children and adolescents were enrolled in this study. SES was (...)
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  37.  10
    The Psychological Impact of Smog Pollution on Investors.Bin Li, Yang Liu, Tingyu Zhang & Yijing Wang - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    This research empirically analyzes the psychological impact of smog pollution on investors. Results indicate that smog pollution has negative impact on investor sentiment which is weakened by the positive tone in media reporting. Empirical evidence for the impact of smog pollution on investor sentiment and the related moderating role of media tone is presented in this study.
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  38.  16
    A Novel Eukaryote‐Like CRISPR Activation Tool in Bacteria: Features and Capabilities.Yang Liu & Baojun Wang - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (6):1900252.
    CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) activation (CRISPRa) in bacteria is an attractive method for programmable gene activation. Recently, a eukaryote‐like, σ54‐dependent CRISPRa system has been reported. It exhibits high dynamic ranges and permits flexible target site selection. Here, an overview of the existing strategies of CRISPRa in bacteria is presented, and the characteristics and design principles of the CRISPRa system are introduced. Possible scenarios for applying the eukaryote‐like CRISPRa system is discussed with corresponding suggestions for performance optimization and (...)
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  39.  13
    BioEssays 6/2020.Yang Liu & Baojun Wang - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (6):2070061.
    Graphical AbstractCRISPR activation (CRISPRa) in bacteria is an attractive method for programmable gene activation. In article number 1900252, Yang Liu and Baojun Wang summarize the current state-of-the-art in this area of high potential, and present the powerful features and capabilities of a newly reported eukaryote-like, σ54-dependent CRISPRa system. The eukaryote-like bacterial CRISPRa enables novel designs in synthetic gene regulation and promotes research in the σ54-dependent gene networks with broad applications envisioned.
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  40.  23
    Collaborative Learning Quality Classification Through Physiological Synchrony Recorded by Wearable Biosensors.Yang Liu, Tingting Wang, Kun Wang & Yu Zhang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Interpersonal physiological synchrony has been consistently found during collaborative tasks. However, few studies have applied synchrony to predict collaborative learning quality in real classroom. To explore the relationship between interpersonal physiological synchrony and collaborative learning activities, this study collected electrodermal activity and heart rate during naturalistic class sessions and compared the physiological synchrony between independent task and group discussion task. The students were recruited from a renowned university in China. Since each student learn differently and not everyone prefers collaborative learning, (...)
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  41. Fa zhi zhe xue tan yuan.Yang Liu - 2022 - Beijing Shi: Zhi shi chan quan chu ban she.
    本书着力讨论法律制度及其理念趋变的道理,逻辑,原则,可能性;对传统的主体构成性的法律体系,既有评判解析,又有引申;还而探讨了人类制度文明走向法治化的前景.从法治概念的探讨切入,大致介绍了中西方法治的发 展历程,再引入不同法治类型背后隐含的法哲学基本问题,从静态到动态审视了自然法学说与法律实证主义的关系;接着讨论了法律规范的逻辑结构,详述权利与权力之间的渊源及其实践类型;然后以较多笔墨着重叙述法治与公 正,法治的制度基础,在法治框架下衍生出的司法能动主义;最后从法治文化论角度重新审视法治,并回顾中国法治思想发展与制度实践的历程.
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  42.  16
    Impacts of Color Coding on Programming Learning in Multimedia Learning: Moving Toward a Multimodal Methodology.Yang Liu, Weifeng Ma, Xiang Guo, Xuefen Lin, Chennan Wu & Tianshui Zhu - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In the present study, we tested the effectiveness of color coding on the programming learning of students who were learning from video lectures. Effectiveness was measured using multimodal physiological measures, combining eye tracking and electroencephalography. Using a between-subjects design, 42 university students were randomly assigned to two video lecture conditions. The participants’ eye tracking and EEG signals were recorded while watching the assigned video, and their learning performance was subsequently assessed. The results showed that the color-coded design was more beneficial (...)
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  43.  15
    Online-Offline Optimized Motion Profile for High-Dynamic Positioning of Ultraprecision Dual Stage.Yang Liu, Yue Dong & Jiubin Tan - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-13.
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  44.  11
    Quantitative Analysis of COVID-19 Pandemic Responses Based on an Improved SEIR-SD Model.Yang Liu, Bingrui Liu, Yi Deng & Jia Liu - 2022 - Complexity 2022:1-18.
    In late 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic began to spread over the world, causing millions of deaths. In the first few months of the pandemic, several countries prevented the spread of the pandemic successfully. By contrast, the pandemic in many other countries was not controlled well. For example, India encountered a second serious outbreak of COVID-19 from April 2021 due to the poor resistance measures implemented by the government. To figure out the effective countermeasures to the pandemic, this research proposes a (...)
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  45.  19
    Constructing a Hierarchical Framework for Assessing the Application of Big Data Technology in Entrepreneurship Education.Hongjia Ma, Chunting Lang, Yang Liu & Yang Gao - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  46.  25
    Model-Based ILC with a Modified Q-Filter for Complex Motion Systems: Practical Considerations and Experimental Verification on a Wafer Stage.Fazhi Song, Yang Liu, Jun Cao, Li Li & Jiubin Tan - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-11.
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  47.  14
    Exploiting reverse target-side contexts for neural machine translation via asynchronous bidirectional decoding.Jinsong Su, Xiangwen Zhang, Qian Lin, Yue Qin, Junfeng Yao & Yang Liu - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 277 (C):103168.
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  48.  72
    Why Tu Youyou Makes Less Money Than Zhang Ziyi?Qinghui Suo, Yang Liu & Daming Zhang - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1233-1235.
    Scientists normally earn less money than many other professions which require a similar amount of training and qualification. The economic theory of marginal utility and cost-benefit analysis can be applied to explain this phenomenon. Although scientists make less money than entertainment stars, the scientists do research work out of their interest and they also enjoy a much higher reputation and social status in some countries.
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  49.  13
    Virtual Reality-Integrated Immersion-Based Teaching to English Language Learning Outcome.Yu Xie, Yang Liu, Fengrui Zhang & Ping Zhou - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Globalization and informatization are reshaping human life and social behaviors. The purpose is to explore the worldwide strategies to cultivate international talents with a global vision. As a global language with the largest population, English, and especially its learning effect, have always been the major concerns of scholars and educators. This work innovatively studies the combination of immersion-based English teaching with virtual reality technology. Then, based on the experimental design mode, 106 students from a Chinese school were selected for a (...)
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  50.  27
    Relationship Between Cognitive Fusion, Experiential Avoidance, and Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms in Patients With Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder.Ai Xiong, Xiong Lai, Siliang Wu, Xin Yuan, Jun Tang, Jinyuan Chen, Yang Liu & Maorong Hu - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Objective: This study aimed to explore the relationship among cognitive fusion, experiential avoidance, and obsessive–compulsive symptoms in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder.Methods: A total of 118 outpatient and inpatient patients with OCD and 109 healthy participants, gender- and age-matched, were selected using cognitive fusion questionnaire, acceptance and action questionnaire−2nd edition, Yale–Brown scale for obsessive–compulsive symptoms, Hamilton anxiety scale, and Hamilton depression scale for questionnaire testing and data analysis.Results: The levels of cognitive fusion and experiential avoidance in the OCD group were significantly (...)
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