Results for 'Yann Wermuth'

231 found
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  1.  20
    Nietzsche's Notion of Lying.Yann Wermuth - 2019 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 50 (1):149-169.
    Not only is he lying, who speaks against his knowledge, but even more so he, who speaks against his ignorance [Nichtwissen].Augustine provided the first attempt to define lies in De Mendacio. It is central to his account that lying involves being dishonest. Many still follow Augustine in this. His definition shall serve as a background against which to contrast Nietzsche's notion of lying.2 The dishonesty definition of lying claims that telling a lie involves saying something the liar does not believe (...)
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  2. Graphical Models: Overview.Nanny Wermuth & D. R. Cox - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 9--6379.
     
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  3. The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Networks.Bramoullé Yann, Andrea Galeotti & Brian Rogers - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
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  4. The Intertwining of Incommensurables: Yann Martel's Life of Pi.James Mensch - unknown
    In the Author’s Note that introduces the Life of Pi, Yann Martel claims that he first heard of Pi in a coffee shop in India. A chance acquaintance tells him, “I have a story that will make you believe in God” (LP, vii).[i] The story concerns the life of an Indian boy who grows up surrounded by the animals of his father’s zoo. When Pi is sixteen, his family decides to emigrate. His father sells off the animals to an (...)
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  5.  37
    United Nations Justice: Legal and Judicial Reform in Governance Operations, Calin Trenkov-Wermuth , 304 Pp., $36 Paper.Scott N. Carlson - 2010 - Ethics and International Affairs 24 (3):335-337.
  6.  33
    Public Order - Brélaz, Ducrey Sécurité collective et ordre public dans les sociétés anciennes. Sept exposés suivis de discussions par Hans van Wees, Werner Riess, Angelos Chaniotis, Cédric Brélaz, Andrew W. Lintott, Ramsay MacMullen, Yann Rivière, Vandœuvres – Genève, 20–24 août 2007. Pp. x + 340. Geneva: Fondation Hardt, 2008. Cased, €60.72. ISBN: 978-2-600-00754-2. [REVIEW]Benjamin Kelly - 2010 - The Classical Review 60 (2):480-483.
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  7.  17
    The First Death of Louis Althusser or Totality's RevengeThe Future Lasts Forever: A Memoir. Aw Olivier Corpet _aw Yann Moulier Boutang _aw Richard Veasey _tw Louis Althusser: Une Biographie. Volume 1: La Formation du Mythe (1918- 1956) (Paris, 1992). _aw Yann Moulier Boutang _tw Althusser: A Critical Reader. _aw Gregory Elliot Tw The Althusserian Legacy.Althusser and the Renewal of Marxist Social Theory. [REVIEW]Ned Jackson, E. Ann Kaplan, Michael Sprinker & Robert Paul Resch - 1996 - History and Theory 35 (1):131.
  8.  12
    Yann Coz, Rome en Angleterre: L’image de la Rome Antique dans l’Angleterre anglo-saxonne, du VIIe siècle à 1066. Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2011. Pp. 520; 4 black-and-white figures and 4 maps. €59. ISBN: 978-281-240-3064. [REVIEW]Francesca Tinti - 2014 - Speculum 89 (2):468-470.
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  9.  11
    REDALIÉ, Yann, Paul après Paul. Le temps, le salut, la morale selon les épîtres à Timothée et à TiteREDALIÉ, Yann, Paul après Paul. Le temps, le salut, la morale selon les épîtres à Timothée et à Tite.Alain Gignac - 2000 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 56 (1):198-200.
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  10.  24
    La fonction constructive de la délibération : de l’accord à l’ajustement.Yann Allard-Tremblay - 2013 - Philosophiques 40 (2):321-349.
    Yann Allard-Tremblay ,Aude Bandini | : Les théories épistémiques et délibératives de la démocratie soulignent l’importance du processus de la délibération quand l’objectif poursuivi est de parvenir à de bonnes décisions. Dans cet article, nous nous intéresserons aux différents mécanismes grâce auxquels une délibération publique à la fois ouverte, libre et inclusive, peut parvenir à de bonnes décisions, avant d’envisager ce que la délibération peut apporter en cas de désaccord. Nous nous concentrerons plus particulièrement ici sur la fonction constructive (...)
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  11.  6
    La philosophie politique en deçà et au-delà de l’État : Introduction.Benoît Morissette & Yann Allard-Tremblay - 2015 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 10 (2):60-64.
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  12.  25
    Where is ‘Where is Everybody?’?: Milan M. Ćirković: The Great Silence: The Science and Philosophy of Fermi’s Paradox. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, Xxvii+395pp, $32.95 HB. [REVIEW]Yann Benétreau-Dupin - 2020 - Metascience 29 (1):67-70.
  13. Fair Numbers: What Data Can and Cannot Tell Us About the Underrepresentation of Women in Philosophy.Yann Benétreau-Dupin & Guillaume Beaulac - 2015 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 2:59-81.
    The low representation (< 30%) of women in philosophy in English-speaking countries has generated much discussion, both in academic circles and the public sphere. It is sometimes suggested (Haslanger 2009) that unconscious biases, acting at every level in the field, may be grounded in gendered schemas of philosophers and in the discipline more widely, and that actions to make philosophy a more welcoming place for women should address such schemas. However, existing data are too limited to fully warrant such an (...)
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  14. The Bayesian Who Knew Too Much.Yann Benétreau-Dupin - 2015 - Synthese 192 (5):1527-1542.
    In several papers, John Norton has argued that Bayesianism cannot handle ignorance adequately due to its inability to distinguish between neutral and disconfirming evidence. He argued that this inability sows confusion in, e.g., anthropic reasoning in cosmology or the Doomsday argument, by allowing one to draw unwarranted conclusions from a lack of knowledge. Norton has suggested criteria for a candidate for representation of neutral support. Imprecise credences (families of credal probability functions) constitute a Bayesian-friendly framework that allows us to avoid (...)
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  15. Blurring Out Cosmic Puzzles.Yann Benétreau-Dupin - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):879–891.
    The Doomsday argument and anthropic reasoning are two puzzling examples of probabilistic confirmation. In both cases, a lack of knowledge apparently yields surprising conclusions. Since they are formulated within a Bayesian framework, they constitute a challenge to Bayesianism. Several attempts, some successful, have been made to avoid these conclusions, but some versions of these arguments cannot be dissolved within the framework of orthodox Bayesianism. I show that adopting an imprecise framework of probabilistic reasoning allows for a more adequate representation of (...)
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  16. L'être de Dieu.Yann Schmitt - 2016 - Editions d'Ithaque.
    Le théisme est la position métaphysique au cœur des religions monothéistes : il est l’affirmation qu’il existe un Dieu omniscient, omnipotent, parfaitement bon et créateur. Penser l’objet de ces croyances, à savoir Dieu, suppose donc une étude des catégories métaphysiques nécessaires à l’explicitation du théisme. Loin de tout rationalisme étroit et de toute exaltation mystique, le présent ouvrage mobilise les outils de la philosophie contemporaine afin de mettre au jour les choix théoriques qui sont requis pour concevoir un Dieu compris (...)
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  17.  9
    Physiological Response to Facial Expressions in Peripersonal Space Determines Interpersonal Distance in a Social Interaction Context.Alice Cartaud, Gennaro Ruggiero, Laurent Ott, Tina Iachini & Yann Coello - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  18.  16
    Embodiment, Spatial Categorisation and Action.Yann Coello & Yvonne Delevoye-Turrell - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (3):667-683.
    Despite the subjective experience of a continuous and coherent external world, we will argue that the perception and categorisation of visual space is constrained by the spatial resolution of the sensory systems but also and above all, by the pre-reflective representations of the body in action. Recent empirical data in cognitive neurosciences will be presented that suggest that multidimensional categorisation of perceptual space depends on body representations at both an experiential and a functional level. Results will also be resumed that (...)
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  19.  49
    Ethics in the Societal Debate on Genetically Modified Organisms: A (Re)Quest for Sense and Sensibility. [REVIEW]Yann Devos, Pieter Maeseele, Dirk Reheul, Linda Van Speybroeck & Danny De Waele - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (1):29-61.
    Via a historical reconstruction, this paper primarily demonstrates how the societal debate on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) gradually extended in terms of actors involved and concerns reflected. It is argued that the implementation of recombinant DNA technology out of the laboratory and into civil society entailed a “complex of concerns.” In this complex, distinctions between environmental, agricultural, socio-economic, and ethical issues proved to be blurred. This fueled the confusion between the wider debate on genetic modification and the risk assessment of (...)
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  20.  8
    Conflict Between Object Structural and Functional Affordances in Peripersonal Space.Solène Kalénine, Yannick Wamain, Jérémy Decroix & Yann Coello - 2016 - Cognition 155:1-7.
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  21.  10
    The View of CRISPR Patents Through the Lens of Solidarity and the Public Good.Benjamin Capps, John J. Mulvihill, Yann Joly & Tamra Lysaght - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):54-56.
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  22. An Empiricist Criterion of Meaning.Yann Benétreau-Dupin - 2011 - South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):95-108.
    The meaning of scientific propositions is not always expressible in terms of observable phenomena. Such propositions involve generalizations, and also terms that are theoretical constructs. I study here how to assess the meaning of scientific propositions, that is, the specific import of theoretical terms. Empiricists have expressed a concern that scientific propositions, and theoretical terms, should always be, to some degree, related to observable consequences. We can see that the former empiricist criterion of meaning only implies for theoretical terms not (...)
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  23. An Epistemological Problem for Resurrection.Yann Schmitt - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (1):219--230.
    Some theists have adopted materialism for human persons. They associate this metaphysics with their belief in resurrection and focus on problems arising from personal identity, temporal gaps or material constitution, but, in this paper, I argue that being a materialist for human persons leads to an epistemological problem regarding our knowledge of God’s life. The only way to avoid this problem is to choose a particular materialist metaphysics for human persons, that is, a constitution theory that emphasizes the irreducibility of (...)
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  24.  57
    Embodiments: From the Body to the Body Politic.James Mensch - 2009 - Northwestern University Press.
    The intertwining: the recursion of the seer and the seen -- Artificial intelligence and the phenomenology of flesh -- Aesthetic education and the project of being human -- The intertwining of incommensurables: Yann Martel's life of Pi -- Flesh and the limits of self-making -- Violence and embodiment -- Excessive presence and the image -- Politics and freedom -- Sovereignty and alterity -- Political violence -- Public space -- Sustaining the other: tolerance as a positive ideal -- Forgiveness and (...)
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  25. L’épistémologie des croyances religieuses au prisme des sciences sociales.Yann Schmitt - 2015 - Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions 169:157-177.
    L’épistémologie des croyances religieuses qui pose la question de la rationalité des croyances peut être mise en question en introduisant des éléments de sciences sociales des religions et vice-versa. Un modèle épistémologique souligne que les croyances peuvent être garanties sans examen réflexif de la part du croyant. Mais dans un contexte pluraliste où la croyance particulière est mise en débat, l’exigence critique d’examen est une condition nécessaire de rationalité. En cela, l’épistémologie retrouve certains aspects de la sociologie de la critique (...)
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  26. The Deadlock of Absolute Divine Simplicity.Yann Schmitt - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 74 (1):117-130.
    In this article, I explain how and why different attempts to defend absolute divine simplicity fail. A proponent of absolute divine simplicity has to explain why different attributions do not suppose a metaphysical complexity in God but just one superproperty, why there is no difference between God and His super-property and finally how a absolute simple entity can be the truthmaker of different intrinsic predications. It does not necessarily lead to a rejection of divine simplicity but it shows that we (...)
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  27.  24
    An Implementation Framework for the Feedback of Individual Research Results and Incidental Findings in Research.Adrian Thorogood, Yann Joly, Bartha Maria Knoppers, Tommy Nilsson, Peter Metrakos, Anthoula Lazaris & Ayat Salman - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):88.
    This article outlines procedures for the feedback of individual research data to participants. This feedback framework was developed in the context of a personalized medicine research project in Canada. Researchers in this domain have an ethical obligation to return individual research results and/or material incidental findings that are clinically significant, valid and actionable to participants. Communication of individual research data must proceed in an ethical and efficient manner. Feedback involves three procedural steps: assessing the health relevance of a finding, re-identifying (...)
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  28.  6
    The European Union's Adequacy Approach to Privacy and International Data Sharing in Health Research.Jennifer Stoddart, Benny Chan & Yann Joly - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (1):143-155.
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  29.  53
    Teaching the Conceptual History of Physics to Physics Teachers.Peter Garik, Luciana Garbayo, Yann Benétreau-Dupin, Charles Winrich, Andrew Duffy, Nicholas Gross & Manher Jariwala - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (4):387-408.
    For nearly a decade we have taught the history and philosophy of science as part of courses aimed at the professional development of physics teachers. The focus of the history of science instruction is on the stages in the development of the concepts and theories of physics. For this instruction, we designed activities to help the teachers organize their understanding of this historical development. The activities include scientific modeling using archaic theories. We conducted surveys to gauge the impact on the (...)
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  30.  13
    Return of Research Results: General Principles and International Perspectives.Emmanuelle Lévesque, Yann Joly & Jacques Simard - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):583-592.
    Five years ago, an article co-written by two of us (Joly and Simard) presented an emerging trend to disclose certain individual genetic results to research participants. Since then, both technologies and research practices have evolved significantly. Given this rapid evolution, our goal is to provide updated and thorough guidance on this issue. Our paper begins by identifying the ethical principles that support the return of results: justice, beneficence, and respect for persons. Then, it presents the results of an analysis of (...)
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  31.  22
    Perceiving What You Intend to Do From What You Do: Evidence for Embodiment in Social Interactions.Francois Quesque & Yann Coello - 2015 - Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology 5.
    Although action and perception are central components of our interactions with the external world, the most recent experimental investigations also support their implications in the emotional, decision-making, and goal ascription processes in social context. In this article, we review the existing literature supporting this view and highlighting a link between reach-to-grasp motor actions and social communicative processes. First, we discuss the most recent experimental findings showing how the social context subtly influences the execution of object-oriented motor actions. Then, we show (...)
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  32.  11
    Individual Differences in Reading Social Intentions From Motor Deviants.Daniel Lewkowicz, Francois Quesque, Yann Coello & Yvonne N. Delevoye-Turrell - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  33.  13
    The IARC Monographs: Updated Procedures for Modern and Transparent Evidence Synthesis in Cancer Hazard Identification.Jonathan M. Samet, Weihsueh A. Chiu, Vincent Cogliano, Jennifer Jinot, David Kriebel, Ruth M. Lunn, Frederick A. Beland, Lisa Bero, Patience Browne, Lin Fritschi, Jun Kanno, Dirk W. Lachenmeier, Qing Lan, Gérard Lasfargues, Frank Le Curieux, Susan Peters, Pamela Shubat, Hideko Sone, Mary C. White, Jon Williamson, Marianna Yakubovskaya, Jack Siemiatycki, Paul A. White, Kathryn Z. Guyton, Mary K. Schubauer-Berigan, Amy L. Hall, Yann Grosse, Véronique Bouvard, Lamia Benbrahim-Tallaa, Fatiha El Ghissassi, Béatrice Lauby-Secretan, Bruce Armstrong, Rodolfo Saracci, Jiri Zavadil, Kurt Straif & Christopher P. Wild - unknown
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  34.  19
    Business Ethics and the Development of Intellectual Capital.Hwan-Yann Su - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 119 (1):87-98.
    This paper documents that business ethics has positive impacts upon the development of intellectual capital. Knowledge has become the most important asset of modern businesses, and this study argues that business ethics is associated with the development of intangible knowledge resources—intellectual capital. Businesses with ethical values at the core reinforce ethical conducts and successfully build trust with their various stakeholders, leading to the formation of an ethical and trustworthy corporate culture and a positive corporate environment. Thus, in this reasoning, an (...)
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  35.  89
    Buridan's Solution to the Liar Paradox.Yann Benétreau-Dupin - 2015 - History and Philosophy of Logic 36 (1):18-28.
    Jean Buridan has offered a solution to the Liar Paradox, i.e. to the problem of assigning a truth-value to the sentence ‘What I am saying is false’. It has been argued that either this solution is ad hoc since it would only apply to self-referencing sentences [Read, S. 2002. ‘The Liar Paradox from John Buridan back to Thomas Bradwardine’, Vivarium, 40 , 189–218] or else it weakens his theory of truth, making his ‘a logic without truth’ [Klima, G. 2008. ‘Logic (...)
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  36.  10
    Return of Research Results: General Principles and International Perspectives.Emmanuelle Lévesque, Yann Joly & Jacques Simard - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):583-592.
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  37.  76
    Probabilistic Reasoning in Cosmology.Yann Benétreau-Dupin - 2015 - Dissertation, The University of Western Ontario
    Cosmology raises novel philosophical questions regarding the use of probabilities in inference. This work aims at identifying and assessing lines of arguments and problematic principles in probabilistic reasoning in cosmology. -/- The first, second, and third papers deal with the intersection of two distinct problems: accounting for selection effects, and representing ignorance or indifference in probabilistic inferences. These two problems meet in the cosmology literature when anthropic considerations are used to predict cosmological parameters by conditionalizing the distribution of, e.g., the (...)
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  38. Political Corruption as Deformities of Truth.Yann Allard-Tremblay - 2014 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 9 (1):28-49.
    This paper presents a conception of corruption informed by epistemic democratic theory. I first explain the view of corruption as a disease of the political body. Following this view, we have to consider the type of actions that debase a political entity of its constitutive principal in order to assess corruption. Accordingly, we need to consider what the constitutive principle of democracy is. This is the task I undertake in the second section where I explicate democratic legitimacy. I present democracy (...)
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  39.  25
    Tilting at Imaginary Windmills: A Comment on Tyfield.Yann Giraud & E. Roy Weintraub - 2009 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 2 (1):52-59.
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  40.  28
    Le matérialisme comme politique aléatoire.Yann Moulier-Boutang - 2005 - Multitudes 2 (2):159-165.
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  41.  35
    Currents in Contemporary Bioethics: Open Access as Benefit Sharing? The Example of Publicly Funded Large-Scale Genomic Databases.Yann Joly, Clarissa Allen & Bartha M. Knoppers - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):143-146.
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  42.  26
    Trust and Distrust in the Achievement of Popular Control.Yann Allard-Tremblay - 2015 - The Monist 98 (4):375-390.
    This paper aims to deflate the idea that democracy would be in essence a privileged locus of civic trust. Three claims are defended: (1) there is nothing specific to democracy regarding the affirmation that trust is required for social cooperation; (2) democracy, when conceived discursively, depends on guarded epistemic trust and; (3) popular control may require, in some contexts, institutions that express and foster distrust towards a specific section of the population. The conclusion to be drawn is that the appropriateness (...)
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  43.  40
    Perspectives of History and Philosophy on Teaching Astronomy.Horacio Tignanelli & Yann Benétreau-Dupin - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 603-640.
    The didactics of astronomy is a relatively young field with respect to that of other sciences. Historical issues have most often been part of the teaching of astronomy, although that often does not stem from a specific didactics. The teaching of astronomy is often subsumed under that of physics. One can easily consider that, from an educational standpoint, astronomy requires the same mathematical or physical strategies. This approach may be adequate in many cases but cannot stand as a general principle (...)
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  44.  12
    Privacy and Biobanking in China: A Case of Policy in Transition.Haidan Chen, Benny Chan & Yann Joly - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (4):726-742.
    The Journal of Law, Medicine &Ethics, Volume 43, Issue 4, Page 726-742, Winter 2015.
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  45. Convolutional Networks for Images, Speech, and Time Series.Yann LeCun & Yoshua Bengio - 1995 - In Michael A. Arbib (ed.), Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. MIT Press. pp. 3361.
     
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  46.  22
    Policy Recommendations for Addressing Privacy Challenges Associated with Cell-Based Research and Interventions.Ubaka Ogbogu, Sarah Burningham, Adam Ollenberger, Kathryn Calder, Li Du, Khaled El Emam, Robyn Hyde-Lay, Rosario Isasi, Yann Joly, Ian Kerr, Bradley Malin, Michael McDonald, Steven Penney, Gayle Piat, Denis-Claude Roy, Jeremy Sugarman, Suzanne Vercauteren, Griet Verhenneman, Lori West & Timothy Caulfield - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):7.
    The increased use of human biological material for cell-based research and clinical interventions poses risks to the privacy of patients and donors, including the possibility of re-identification of individuals from anonymized cell lines and associated genetic data. These risks will increase as technologies and databases used for re-identification become affordable and more sophisticated. Policies that require ongoing linkage of cell lines to donors’ clinical information for research and regulatory purposes, and existing practices that limit research participants’ ability to control what (...)
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  47.  4
    A Wadge Hierarchy for Second Countable Spaces.Yann Pequignot - 2015 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 54 (5-6):659-683.
    We define a notion of reducibility for subsets of a second countable T0 topological space based on relatively continuous relations and admissible representations. This notion of reducibility induces a hierarchy that refines the Baire classes and the Hausdorff–Kuratowski classes of differences. It coincides with Wadge reducibility on zero dimensional spaces. However in virtually every second countable T0 space, it yields a hierarchy on Borel sets, namely it is well founded and antichains are of length at most 2. It thus differs (...)
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  48.  7
    Representing Utility Functions Via Weighted Goals.Joel Uckelman, Yann Chevaleyre, Ulle Endriss & Jérôme Lang - 2009 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 55 (4):341-361.
    We analyze the expressivity, succinctness, and complexity of a family of languages based on weighted propositional formulas for the representation of utility functions. The central idea underlying this form of preference modeling is to associate numerical weights with goals specified in terms of propositional formulas, and to compute the utility value of an alternative as the sum of the weights of the goals it satisfies. We define a large number of representation languages based on this idea, each characterized by a (...)
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  49.  46
    Generating Transformation Semigroups Using Endomorphisms of Preorders, Graphs, and Tolerances.James D. Mitchell, Michal Morayne, Yann Péresse & Martyn Quick - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (12):1471-1485.
    Let ΩΩ be the semigroup of all mappings of a countably infinite set Ω. If U and V are subsemigroups of ΩΩ, then we write U≈V if there exists a finite subset F of ΩΩ such that the subsemigroup generated by U and F equals that generated by V and F. The relative rank of U in ΩΩ is the least cardinality of a subset A of ΩΩ such that the union of U and A generates ΩΩ. In this paper (...)
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  50.  43
    Les raisons religieuses sous les raisons politiques.Yann Schmitt - 2017 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 149:213-225.
    On conçoit assez souvent l’espace public des discussions comme devant être neutre et par conséquent sans mention des croyances religieuses comme raisons justifiant une décision. La neutralité vise à garantir l’acceptabilité par tous d’une décision pouvant être contraignante. On montrera que l’on peut articuler raisons neutres et raisons religieuses à condition que les raisons neutres restent les raisons ultimes. Cela implique que les raisons religieuses correctement liées à des raisons neutres sont parfaitement légitimes pour justifier une décision politique ou publique.
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