Results for 'Yashar Taverdi'

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  1. Talking in the Present, Caring for the Future: Language and Environment.Astghik Mavisakalyan, Yashar Taverdi & Clas Weber - 2018 - Journal of Comparative Economics 46 (4):1370-1387.
    This paper identifies a new source that explains environmental behaviour: the presence of future tense marking in language. We predict that languages that grammatically mark the future affect speakers' intertemporal preferences and thereby reduce their willingness to address environmental problems. We first show that speakers of languages with future tense marking are less likely to adopt environmentally responsible behaviours and to support policies to prevent environmental damage. We then document that this effect holds across countries: future tense marking is an (...)
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  2.  3
    Inter-Trial Priming Does Not Affect Attentional Priority in Asymmetric Visual Search.Liana Amunts, Amit Yashar & Dominique Lamy - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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    Rapid and Long-Lasting Learning of Feature Binding.Amit Yashar & Marisa Carrasco - 2016 - Cognition 154:130-138.
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  4.  21
    Review of The Logic of Gersonides, a Translation of Sefer Ha-Heggesh Ha-Yashar of Rabbi Levi Ben Gershom with Introduction, Commentary, and Analytical Glossary by Charles H. Manekin. New Synthese Historical Library, Vol. 40 , Xii + 341 Pp. ISBN 0-7923-1513-8; Luigi Firpo: Il Processo di Giordano Bruno . Pp. Xxvii + 378. Hardback Only: 44,000 Liras. ISBN 88-8402-135-9.; Anthony Kenny: Descartes. A Study of His Philosophy 256 Pp. 9.99 ISBN 1 85506 236 4; A. John Simmons: The Lockean Theory of Rights , Pp. Ix, 387. £30.00. ISBN 0-691-08630-3; Ross Hutchison: Locke in France 1688-1734. The Voltaire Foundation Pp. 251. 46.00. ISBN 0-7294-0418-8; Thomas Reid: Practical Ethics: Being Lectures and Papers on Natural Religion, Self-Government, Natural Jurisprudence, and the Law of Nations Edited From the Manuscripts with an Introduction and a Commentary by Knud Haakonssen , Pp. Xvi + 556. £40.00. ISBN 0-691-07350-3; The Cambridge Companion to Kant Ed. Paul Guyer , Pp. Xii + 482 £40 Hardback, £12. [REVIEW]Desmond Henry, Hilary Gatti, Laura Benítez & Richard Ashcraft - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 3 (1):161-207.
  5.  7
    The Mosul-Kerkuk Turks From The Window In The Poem ‘‘Calling’’ Of Ali Yashar.Gökmen Mor - 2008 - Journal of Turkish Studies 3:480-494.
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  6. Minima Philosophica: Yashar Kemal contra de Europese angstpolitiek.Martine Prange - 2010 - Filosofie En Praktijk 31 (3):47.
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  7. Jewish Ethics and Jewish Mysticism in Sefer Ha-Yashar.Shimon Shokek & Roslyn Weiss - 1991
     
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  8. Salvaging the Concept of Nudge: Table 1.Yashar Saghai - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):487-493.
    In recent years, ‘nudge’ theory has gained increasing attention for the design of population-wide health interventions. The concept of nudge puts a label on efficacious influences that preserve freedom of choice without engaging the influencees’ deliberative capacities. Given disagreements over what it takes genuinely to preserve freedom of choice, the question is whether health influences relying on automatic cognitive processes may preserve freedom of choice in a sufficiently robust sense to be serviceable for the moral evaluation of actions and policies. (...)
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  9. Liberty, Mill and the Framework of Public Health Ethics.Madison Powers, Ruth Faden & Yashar Saghai - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):6-15.
    In this article, we address the relevance of J.S. Mill’s political philosophy for a framework of public health ethics. In contrast to some readings of Mill, we reject the view that in the formulation of public policies liberties of all kinds enjoy an equal presumption in their favor. We argue that Mill also rejects this view and discuss the distinction that Mill makes between three kinds of liberty interests: interests that are immune from state interference; interests that enjoy a presumption (...)
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  10. The Historical Foundations of the Research-Practice Distinction in Bioethics.Tom L. Beauchamp & Yashar Saghai - 2012 - Heoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (1):45-56.
    The distinction between clinical research and clinical practice directs how we partition medicine and biomedical science. Reasons for a sharp distinction date historically to the work of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, especially to its analysis of the “boundaries” between research and practice in the Belmont Report (1978). Belmont presents a segregation model of the research-practice distinction, according to which research and practice form conceptually exclusive sets of activities and interventions. This (...)
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  11.  68
    Commentary: Why Couldn't I Be Nudged to Like a Big Mac.Luc Bovens - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):495-6.
    In this commentary on Yashar Saghai's article "Salvaging the Concept of Nudge" (JME 2013) I discuss his distinction between a 'prod' (which is 'substantially controlling') and a 'nudge' (which is ‘substantially non-controlling’).
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  12.  32
    Doing Good by Stealth: Comments on 'Salvaging the Concept of Nudge'.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):494-494.
    In ‘Salvaging the Concept of Nudge’ Yashar Saghai performs an important clarificatory task which certainly advances our philosophical and ethical understanding of nudges in public policy, and in healthcare ethics in particular.1 In this brief commentary I identify some issues which could usefully be taken forward in subsequent discussions.A central difficulty with ethical discussions of nudging is that insufficient care is taken to distinguish two morally important features of nudges. The first, which Saghai very properly concentrates upon, is the (...)
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  13.  23
    Nudging in Interpersonal Contexts.Yashar Saghai - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):33-34.
    In “Nudging and Informed Consent,” ShlomoCohen (2013) attempts to address the common objection against nudges that they are autonomy-thwarting because they foster irrationality. He explicitly focuses on informed consent, which he contrasts with the policy context in which health nudges are usually discussed. I think Cohen’s rich article is a significant contribution to the nudge literature. However, I have some concerns with the way he frames and motivates his inquiry...
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  14.  84
    Is Specialization Desirable in Committee Decision Making?Ruth Ben-Yashar, Winston T. H. Koh & Shmuel Nitzan - 2012 - Theory and Decision 72 (3):341-357.
    Committee decision making is examined in this study focusing on the role assigned to the committee members. In particular, we are concerned about the comparison between committee performance under specialization and non-specialization of the decision makers. Specialization (in the context of project or public policy selection) means that the decision of each committee member is based on a narrow area, which typically results in the acquirement and use of relatively high expertise in that area. When the committee members’ expertise is (...)
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  15.  33
    Internalized Public Moral Norms and Shared Sovereignty.Yashar Saghai - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (7):49 - 51.
    In her target article “Shared health governance” (AJOB 11(7): 32-45, 2011) and in her book Health and Social Justice (2009), Jennifer Prah Ruger defends an original model of governance dubbed “Shared Health Governance” (SHG). This model borrows elements from many other models of governance, and one may wonder what is the secret sauce that holds together these diverse ingredients. In response, Ruger would perhaps ultimately turn to public moral norms. My comment raises some concerns about the function and content of (...)
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  16.  72
    The Concept of Nudge and its Moral Significance: A Reply to Ashcroft, Bovens, Dworkin, Welch, and Wertheimer.Yashar Saghai - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):2012-101112.
    I warmly thank Richard Ashcroft, Luc Bovens, Gerald Dworkin, Brynn Welch, and Alan Wertheimer for their insightful comments on my article. As I do not have the space to discuss all the questions they raise, I will focus on four concerns that run through my commentators’ responses...
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  17.  48
    The Generalized Homogeneity Assumption and the Condorcet Jury Theorem.Ruth Ben-Yashar - 2014 - Theory and Decision 77 (2):237-241.
    The Condorcet jury theorem (CJT) is based on the assumption of homogeneous voters who imperfectly know the correct policy. We reassess the validity of the CJT when voters are homogeneous and each knows the correct decision with an average probability of more than a half.
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  18.  44
    Should 'Nudge' Be Salvaged?Alan Wertheimer - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):498-499.
    Policy makers are understandably interested—for both political and moral reasons—in following Thaler and Sunstein's recommendation to use ‘choice architecture’ , or other ‘nudges’, to promote desirable behaviour in ways that are allegedly compatible with personal freedom.1 Yashar Saghai's intricate analysis shows that simply maintaining the target's choice-set is insufficient to preserve the target's freedom when the nudge bypasses the target's deliberative capacities—as it is specifically designed to do.2 In his friendly amendment to Thaler and Sunstein's project, Saghai advances a (...)
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  19.  88
    Do We Need Research Ethics Committees?Mark Sheehan - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):485-485.
    This issue of the journal sees a number of exchanges on significant ethical problems. ‘Nudges’ have attracted a good deal of attention recently in the context of the ethics of public health interventions. Martin Wilkinson writes a guest editorial introducing important debate on Yashar Saghai's featured article, Salvaging the concept of nudge . Also, Timothy Murphy locks horns with Katrien Devolder and Ezio Di Nucci on the doctrine of double effect as it applies to research on embryos.One of the (...)
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  20.  65
    On the Significance of the Prior of a Correct Decision in Committees.Ruth Ben-Yashar & Shmuel Nitzan - 2014 - Theory and Decision 76 (3):317-327.
    The current note clarifies why, in committees, the prior probability of a correct collective choice might be of particular significance and possibly should sometimes even be the sole appropriate basis for making the collective decision. In particular, we present sufficient conditions for the superiority of a rule based solely on the prior relative to the simple majority rule, even when the decisional skills of the committee members are assumed to be homogeneous.
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    Thinking Harder About Nudges.T. M. Wilkinson - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):486-486.
    According to much modern social psychology, behavioural economics and common sense, people's actions and beliefs are frequently the result of rapid intuitive thought rather than careful deliberation. Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein, in their influential book, Nudge, synthesised the literature and used it as the basis for numerous policy ideas.1 Not least, they gave the word ‘nudge’ as a handy term to apply to all sorts of ways of taking advantage of people's psychological quirks without coercing or bribing them. But (...)
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  22.  36
    Are Referees Sufficiently Informed About The Editor'S Practice?Ruth Ben-Yashar & Shmuel Nitzan - 2001 - Theory and Decision 51 (1):1-11.
    This paper clarifies why editors of academic journals should share with their referees the information about the number of referees they consult and the decision rule they apply. Our analysis also rationalizes the common questionable phenomenon of editors who seem to distort the yes or no recommendations of their referees. The editors request a recommendation of whether to accept or reject the paper as well as an assessment of the paper. The editors need the complete reports to make the appropriate (...)
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    Case Studies in Bioethics: Choosing a Therapy When Doctors Disagree.Yashar Hirshaut & David Bleich - 1975 - Hastings Center Report 5 (2):19.
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    Combined Multi-Agent Method to Control Inter-Department Common Events Collision for University Courses Timetabling.Jalil Nourmohammadi-Khiarak, Yashar Zamani-Harghalani & Mohammad-Reza Feizi-Derakhshi - 2019 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 29 (1):110-126.
    University course timetabling is the scheduling of courses at different time slots in a university. The two important issues in this process are the allocation of all events to resources in a semester, and maximizing the satisfaction of common events among multiple departments. Accumulating evidences in university course timetabling problems suggest dividing the problem into several sub-problems. This study attempted to investigate the appropriateness of using the genetic algorithm and the imperialist competitive algorithm. The proposed technique consists of two steps: (...)
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  25. The Ethics of Public Health Nudges.Yashar Saghai - 2012 - Dissertation, Georgetown University
    There is growing interest in using non-coercive interventions to promote and protect public health, in particular "health nudges." Behavioral economist Richard Thaler and law scholar Cass Sunstein coined the term nudge to designate influences that steer individuals in a predetermined direction by activating their automatic cognitive processes, while preserving their freedom of choice. Proponents of nudges argue that public and private institutions are entitled to use health-promoting nudges because nudges do not close off any options. Opponents reply that the nudgee (...)
     
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