Results for 'Yasuhiro Murota'

77 found
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  1.  40
    Management of Global Environmental Issues.Yoichi Kaya, Shunsuke Kondo, Hikaru Kobayashi, Yutaka Suzuki, Tsutomu Tanaka & Yasuhiro Murota - 1984 - World Futures 19 (3):223-231.
    Something should be done for a better global environment as soon as possible. This paper investigates the direction of management of the global environment and proposes new, concrete ideas for it.
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  2.  27
    Ethics for the Life Manipulation Era.Oue Yasuhiro - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 43:157-163.
    Ethics is a device which is produced by the human consciousness to regulate the human behaviour or society in a sound manner. Organisms are manipulated by techniques of molecular biology these days. Then, it is so difficult to recognize the problems of life manipulation by the ethical principle raised by our sensing level. To regulate the society greatly influenced by modern life sciences, it is time to utilize the mechanistic knowledge about organisms as a basic principle of ethics (Molecular ethics). (...)
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  3. Material Cycle and Sustainable Economy.Takeshi Murota - 1998 - In Roger Keil (ed.), Political Ecology: Global and Local. Routledge. pp. 120.
     
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  4.  7
    Yasuhiro Arahata, Keiichi Yamada, & Tetsuya Furuta Eds. Wittgenstein From Now: Regenerations Applications荒畑靖宏・山田圭一・古田徹也編著 『これからのウィトゲンシュタイン—刷新と応用のための14 篇』 リベルタス出版、2016 年. [REVIEW]Shigeki Noya - 2019 - Journal of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 46 (2):79-82.
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  5.  22
    Imaging the Passionate Stage of Romantic Love by Dopamine Dynamics.Kayo Takahashi, Kei Mizuno, Akihiro T. Sasaki, Yasuhiro Wada, Masaaki Tanaka, Akira Ishii, Kanako Tajima, Naohiro Tsuyuguchi, Kyosuke Watanabe, Semir Zeki & Yasuyoshi Watanabe - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  6.  23
    The Power of Human Gaze on Infant Learning.Yuko Okumura, Yasuhiro Kanakogi, Takayuki Kanda, Hiroshi Ishiguro & Shoji Itakura - 2013 - Cognition 128 (2):127-133.
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  7.  45
    Can Physicians' Judgments of Futility Be Accepted by Patients?: A Comparative Survey of Japanese Physicians and Laypeople.Yasuhiro Kadooka, Atsushi Asai & Seiji Bito - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):7.
    Back groundEmpirical surveys about medical futility are scarce relative to its theoretical assumptions. We aimed to evaluate the difference of attitudes between laypeople and physicians towards the issue.MethodsA questionnaire survey was designed. Japanese laypeople (via Internet) and physicians with various specialties (via paper-and-pencil questionnaire) were asked about whether they would provide potentially futile treatments for end-of-life patients in vignettes, important factors for judging a certain treatment futile, and threshold of quantitative futility which reflects the numerical probability that an act will (...)
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  8.  87
    Arguments Against Promoting Organ Transplants From Brain-Dead Donors, and Views of Contemporary Japanese on Life and Death.Atsushi Asai, Yasuhiro Kadooka & Kuniko Aizawa - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (4):215-223.
    As of 2009, the number of donors in Japan is the lowest among developed countries. On July 13, 2009, Japan's Organ Transplant Law was revised for the first time in 12 years. The revised and old laws differ greatly on four primary points: the definition of death, age requirements for donors, requirements for brain- death determination and organ extraction, and the appropriateness of priority transplants for relatives.In the four months of deliberations in the National Diet before the new law was (...)
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  9.  16
    A Critical Discussion of Arguments Against the Introduction of a Two-Tier Healthcare System in Japan.Atsushi Asai, Taketoshi Okita, Masashi Tanaka & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2017 - Asian Bioethics Review 9 (3):171-181.
    In medical ethics, an appropriate national healthcare system that meets the requirements of justice in healthcare resource allocation is a major concern. Japan is no exception to this trend, and the pros and cons of introducing a two-tier healthcare system, which permits insured medical care services to be provided along with services not covered by social health insurance, have been the subject of debate for many years. The Supreme Court ruled in 2011 that it was valid for the government to (...)
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  10. Reexamination of the Ethics of Placebo Use in Clinical Practice.Atsushi Asai & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (4):186-193.
    A placebo is a substance or intervention believed to be inactive, but is administered by the healthcare professional as if it was an active medication. Unlike standard treatments, clinical use of placebo usually involves deception and is therefore ethically problematic. Our attitudes toward the clinical use of placebo, which inevitably includes deception or withholding information, have a tremendous effect on our practice regarding truth-telling and informed consent. A casual attitude towards it weakens the current practice based on shared decision-making and (...)
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  11.  37
    An Eye-Tracking Study of Exploitations of Spatial Constraints in Diagrammatic Reasoning.Atsushi Shimojima & Yasuhiro Katagiri - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (2):211-254.
    Semantic studies on diagrammatic notations (Barwise & Etchemendy, ; Shimojima, ; Stenning & Lemon, ) have revealed that the “non-deductive,” “emergent,” or “perceptual” effects of diagrams (Chandrasekaran, Kurup, Banerjee, Josephson, & Winkler, ; Kulpa, ; Larkin & Simon, ; Lindsay, ) are all rooted in the exploitation of spatial constraints on graphical structures. Thus, theoretically, this process is a key factor in inference with diagrams, explaining the frequently observed reduction of inferential load. The purpose of this study was to examine (...)
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  12. Japanese Healthcare Workers‟ Attitudes Towards Administering Futile Treatments: A Preliminary Interview-Based Study.Yasuhiro Kadooka, A. Asai, K. Aizawa & S. Bito - 2011 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 21 (4):131-135.
    In Japan, few studies and ethical debates have addressed medical futility, but articles suggesting the practice of such treatment exist. The present study aimed to explore attitudes about this by examining personal practical experiences of those who have been involved in judging treatments as futile. We employed a qualitative descriptive design with content analysis of semi-structured and focus group interviews with 11 Japanese physicians and 9 nurses of a university hospital in Japan. The interviews mined their practical experience to identify (...)
     
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  13.  24
    Ethical Obligations in the Face of Dilemmas Concerning Patient Privacy and Public Interests: The Sasebo Schoolgirl Murder Case.Yasuhiro Kadooka, Taketoshi Okita & Atsushi Asai - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (7):520-527.
    A murder case that had some features in common with the Tarasoff case occurred in Sasebo City, Japan, in 2014. A 15-year-old high school girl was murdered and her 16-year-old classmate was arrested on suspicion of homicide. One and a half months before the murder, a psychiatrist who had been examining the girl called a prefectural child consultation centre to warn that she might commit murder, but he did not reveal her name, considering it his professional duty to keep it (...)
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  14.  32
    An Anatomy of Shikakes.Yasuhiro Yamamoto, Kumiyo Nakakoji, Toshio Kawashima, Ken-Ichi Kimura & Yasuharu Koike - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (4):431-442.
  15.  24
    Perceptual Representation and Effectiveness of Local Figure–Ground Cues in Natural Contours.Ko Sakai, Shouhei Matsuoka, Ken Kurematsu & Yasuhiro Hatori - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  16.  17
    Collaborative Filtering by Analyzing Dynamic User Interests Modeled by Taxonomy.Makoto Nakatsuji, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Toshio Uchiyama & Hiroyuki Toda - 2013 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 28 (6):457-467.
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  17.  10
    Can Infants Use Robot Gaze for Object Learning?: The Effect of Verbalization.Yuko Okumura, Yasuhiro Kanakogi, Takayuki Kanda, Hiroshi Ishiguro & Shoji Itakura - 2013 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 14 (3):351-365.
  18.  28
    Universal Principles of Human Communication: Preliminary Evidence From a Cross‐Cultural Communication Game.Nicolas Fay, Bradley Walker, Nik Swoboda, Ichiro Umata, Takugo Fukaya, Yasuhiro Katagiri & Simon Garrod - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (7):2397-2413.
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  19.  18
    Matters to Address Prior to Introducing New Life Support Technology in Japan: Three Serious Ethical Concerns Related to the Use of Left Ventricular Assist Devices as Destination Therapy and Suggested Policies to Deal with Them.Atsushi Asai, Sakiko Masaki, Taketoshi Okita, Aya Enzo & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):1-8.
    Background Destination therapy is the permanent implantation of a left ventricular assist device in patients with end-stage, severe heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. DT improves both the quality of life and prognosis of patients with end-stage heart failure. However, there are also downsides to DT such as life-threatening complications and the potential for the patient to live beyond their desired length of life following such major complications. Because of deeply ingrained cultural and religious beliefs regarding death and (...)
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  20. Can Infants Use Robot Gaze for Object Learning?Yuko Okumura, Yasuhiro Kanakogi, Takayuki Kanda, Hiroshi Ishiguro & Shoji Itakura - 2013 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 14 (3):351-365.
    Previous research has shown that although infants follow the gaze direction of robots, robot gaze does not facilitate infants’ learning for objects. The present study examined whether robot gaze affects infants’ object learning when the gaze behavior was accompanied by verbalizations. Twelve-month-old infants were shown videos in which a robot with accompanying verbalizations gazed at an object. The results showed that infants not only followed the robot’s gaze direction but also preferentially attended to the cued object when the ostensive verbal (...)
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  21.  27
    With and Without Logos: An Interpretation of Socrates' Dream in the Theaetetus.Yasuhiro Wakijo - 2006 - Apeiron 39 (1):33-56.
  22.  97
    Ethical Reflections on the Thoughts and Lives of Kurosawa's Doctors.Atsushi Asai, Sakiko Maki & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2012 - Medical Humanities 38 (1):38-43.
    The year 2010 marked the centenary of the birth of Akira Kurosawa (1910–1998), whose works have been reassessed favourably in the last couple of years in Japan. During his lifetime, Kurosawa directed and produced three films whose chief characters are medical doctors: Drunken Angel (1948), The Quiet Duel (1949) and Red Beard (1965). This paper discusses these three films and examines the thoughts and lives of the three protagonists from the perspective of modern medical ethics. The films depict contemporary ethical (...)
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  23.  18
    Bootstrapping-Based Extraction of Dictionary Terms From Unsegmented Legal Text.Masato Hagiwara, Yasuhiro Ogawa & Katsuhiko Toyama - 2009 - In Hattori (ed.), New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 213--227.
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  24.  24
    Automatic Consolidation of Japanese Statutes Based on Formalization of Amendment Sentences.Yasuhiro Ogawa, Shintaro Inagaki & Katsuhiko Toyama - 2008 - In Satoh (ed.), New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 363--376.
  25.  3
    Model Compression for ResNet Via Layer Erasure and Re-training層の削除と再学習によるResNetのモデル圧縮.Yasutoshi Ida & Yasuhiro Fujiwara - 2020 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 35 (3):C-JA3_1-10.
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  26.  5
    Should a Brain-Dead Pregnant Woman Be Provided Somatic Support to Save the Life of the Fetus?Sakiko Masaki, Hiroko Ishimoto, Yasuhiro Kadooka & Atsushi Asai - 2016 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 26 (4):130-136.
    In recent years, a number of news stories were reported worldwide involving brain-dead pregnant women. Debates over providing life support to braindead pregnant women and delivery of their children have been around for some decades. Maintaining a woman’s life solely for fetal viability has become a major controversial social issue. Opposing opinions exist where one side supports the woman and her child should be left to die in dignity and the other side claims to protect the unborn child’s right to (...)
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  27.  8
    Recommendations for Promoting International Multi‐Site Clinical Trials—From a Viewpoint of Ethics Review.Haruka Nakada, Suzanne Hasthorpe, Carel IJsselmuiden, Francis Kombe, Marieme Ba, Mihaela Matei, Kenichi Nakamura, Nobuko Ushirozawa, Yasuhiro Fujiwara & Shimon Tashiro - 2019 - Developing World Bioethics 19 (4):192-195.
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  28.  20
    Knowledge Interaction Design for Creative Knowledge Work.Kumiyo Nakakoji & Yasuhiro Yamamoto - 2004 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 19:154-165.
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  29.  10
    Effectiveness of Force Dynamic Explanations of English Causative Verbs and the Role of Imagery.Charles M. Mueller & Yasuhiro Tsushima - 2019 - Cognitive Linguistics 30 (3):439-466.
    Journal Name: Cognitive Linguistics Issue: Ahead of print.
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  30.  1
    Mathematical Modelling of the Inhibitory Role of Regulatory T Cells in Tumor Immune Response.Zhongtao Yang, Cuihong Yang, Yueping Dong & Yasuhiro Takeuchi - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-21.
    The immune system against tumors acts through a complex dynamical process showing a dual role. On the one hand, the immune system can activate some immune cells to kill tumor cells, such as cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells, but on the other hand, more evidence shows that some immune cells can help tumor escape, such as regulatory T cells. In this paper, we propose a tumor immune interaction model based on Tregs-mediated tumor immune escape mechanism. When helper T (...)
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  31.  5
    Ostension Affects Infant Learning More Than Attention.Yuko Okumura, Yasuhiro Kanakogi, Tessei Kobayashi & Shoji Itakura - 2020 - Cognition 195:104082.
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  32.  12
    Combining Systematic and Local Search for Approximately Solving Fuzzy Constraint Satisfaction Problems.Yasuhiro Sudo & Masahito Kurihara - 2006 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 21:20-27.
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  33.  33
    Automatic Grader of MT Outputs in Colloquial Style by Using Multiple Edit Distances.Yasuhiro Akiba, Kenji Imamura, Eiichiro Sumita, Hiromi Nakaiwa, Seiichi Yamamoto & Hiroshi G. Okuno - 2005 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 20:139-148.
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  34.  1
    Sport Spectatorship and Health Benefits: A Case of a Japanese Professional Golf Tournament.Yasuhiro Watanabe, Tyreal Y. Qian, Jerred J. Wang, N. David Pifer & James J. Zhang - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  35.  29
    Efficient Top-K Search for PageRank.Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Makoto Nakatsuji, Hiroaki Shiokawa, Takeshi Mishima & Makoto Onizuka - 2015 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 30 (2):473-478.
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  36.  30
    Comparison of Ethical Judgments Exhibited by Clients and Ethics Consultants in Japan.Noriko Nagao, Yasuhiro Kadooka & Atsushi Asai - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):19.
    Healthcare professionals must make decisions for patients based on ethical considerations. However, they rely on clinical ethics consultations (CEC) to review ethical justifications of their decisions. CEC consultants support the cases reviewed and guide medical care. When both healthcare professionals and CEC consultants face ethical problems in medical care, how is their judgment derived? How do medical judgments differ from the ethical considerations of CECs? This study examines CECs in Japan to identify differences in the ethical judgment of clients and (...)
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  37.  25
    Tensor Factorization That Utilizes Semantics Behind Objects.Makoto Nakatsuji, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Hiroyuki Toda, Hiroshi Sawada, Jin Zheng & James Hendler - 2015 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 30 (3):510-525.
  38.  23
    Comparison Analysis Among Large Amount of SNS Sites.Fujio Toriumi, Hitoshi Yamamoto, Hirohiko Suwa, Isamu Okada, Kiyoshi Izumi & Yasuhiro Hashimoto - 2010 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 25:78-89.
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  39.  21
    Leveraging Dependency Relations and Sentence Examples in Web-Scale Corpus for Open-Domain Utterance Generation.Hiroaki Sugiyama, Toyomi Meguro, Ryuichiro Higashinaka & Yasuhiro Minami - 2015 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 30 (1):183-194.
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  40.  12
    Matters to address prior to introducing new life support technology in Japan: three serious ethical concerns related to the use of left ventricular assist devices as destination therapy and suggested policies to deal with them.Atsushi Asai, Sakiko Masaki, Taketoshi Okita, Aya Enzo & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):12.
    Destination therapy is the permanent implantation of a left ventricular assist device in patients with end-stage, severe heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. DT improves both the quality of life and prognosis of patients with end-stage heart failure. However, there are also downsides to DT such as life-threatening complications and the potential for the patient to live beyond their desired length of life following such major complications. Because of deeply ingrained cultural and religious beliefs regarding death and the (...)
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  41.  12
    The Effects of Neurochemical Balance in the Anterior Cingulate Cortex and Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex on Volitional Control Under Irrelevant Distraction.Ai Koizumi, Hakwan Lau, Yasuhiro Shimada & Hirohito M. Kondo - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 59:104-111.
  42.  4
    Analysis and Modeling of Social Tagging Using Yule–Simon ProcessYule–Simon過程に基づくソーシャルタギングの分析とモデリング手法.Yoshimasa Nishikawa, Mizuki Oka, Yasuhiro Hashimoto & Takashi Ikegami - 2019 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 34 (4):C-IC3_1-8.
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  43.  9
    Alpha Phase Synchronization of Parietal Areas Reflects Switch-Specific Activity During Mental Rotation: An EEG Study.Hiroshi Yokoyama, Isao Nambu, Jun Izawa & Yasuhiro Wada - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  44.  2
    Japanese Legal Term Correction Using Random Forestランダムフォレストを用いた法令用語の校正.Takahiro Yamakoshi, Yasuhiro Ogawa, Takahiro Komamizu & Katsuhiko Toyama - 2020 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 35 (1):H-J53_1-14.
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  45.  16
    Automatically Collecting and Monitoring Japanese Weblogs.Tomoyuki Nanno, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Toshiaki Fujiki & Manabu Okumura - 2004 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 19 (6):511-520.
  46.  19
    Locking of the Ring Finger at Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Due to a Sesamoid Bone: A Case Report.Yasuhiro Seki, Yuko Hoshino & Hiroshi Kuroda - 2012 - In Zdravko Radman (ed.), The Hand. MIT Press. pp. 7--1.
  47.  15
    Bootstrapping Lexical Knowledge From Unsegmented Text Using Graph Kernels.Masato Hagiwara, Yasuhiro Ogawa & Katsuhiko Toyama - 2011 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 26:440-450.
  48.  14
    Recommendations by Randomly Walking on Cross Domain User Graph.Makoto Nakatsuji, Yasuhiro Fujiwara & Toshio Uchiyama - 2012 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 27 (5):296-307.
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  49.  13
    Artificial Embryogeny for Network Structures and its Application for a Robot Generation Task.Hidenori Komatsu, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Yu Chen & Hirotada Ohashi - 2010 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 25:423-432.
  50.  9
    Individual Differences in Object-Processing Explain the Relationship Between Early Gaze-Following and Later Language Development.Yuko Okumura, Yasuhiro Kanakogi, Tessei Kobayashi & Shoji Itakura - 2017 - Cognition 166:418-424.
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