Results for 'Yoav Yaffe'

232 found
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  1.  1
    Model Completion of Lie Differential Fields.Yoav Yaffe - 2001 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 107 (1-3):49-86.
    We define a Lie differential field as a field of characteristic 0 with an action, as derivations on , of some given Lie algebra . We assume that is a finite-dimensional vector space over some sub-field given in advance. As an example take the field of rational functions on a smooth algebraic variety, with .For every simple extension of Lie differential fields we find a finite system of differential equations that characterizes it. We then define, using first-order conditions, a collection (...)
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  2.  22
    Ganzstellensätze in Theories of Valued Fields.Deirdre Haskell & Yoav Yaffe - 2008 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 8 (1):1-22.
  3. Attempts: In the Philosophy of Action and the Criminal Law.Gideon Yaffe - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Gideon Yaffe presents a ground-breaking work which demonstrates the importance of philosophy of action for the law. Many people are serving sentences not for completing crimes, but for trying to. Yaffe's clear account of what it is to try to do something promises to resolve the difficulties courts face in the adjudication of attempted crimes.
     
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  4. Leo Strauss on Moses Mendelssohn.Martin D. Yaffe (ed.) - 2012 - University of Chicago Press.
    Moses Mendelssohn was the leading Jewish thinker of the German Enlightenment and the founder of modern Jewish philosophy. His writings, especially his attempt during the Pantheism Controversy to defend the philosophical legacies of Spinoza and Leibniz against F. H. Jacobi’s philosophy of faith, captured the attention of a young Leo Strauss and played a critical role in the development of his thought on one of the fundamental themes of his life’s work: the conflicting demands of reason and revelation. _ Leo (...)
     
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  5. Reorientation: Leo Strauss in the 1930s.Martin D. Yaffe & Richard S. Ruderman (eds.) - 2013 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Machine generated contents note: -- Introduction; Martin D. Yaffe and Richard S. Ruderman -- 1. How Strauss Became Strauss; Heinrich Meier -- 2. Spinoza's Critique of Religion: Reading Too Literally and Not Reading Literally Enough; Steven Frank -- 3. The Light Shed on the Crucial Development of Strauss's Thought by his Correspondence with Gerhard Krüger; Thomas L. Pangle -- 4. Strauss on Hermann Cohen's 'Idealizing' Appropriation of Maimonides as a Platonist; Martin D. Yaffe -- 5. Strauss on the (...)
     
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  6. The Age of Culpability: Children and the Nature of Criminal Responsibility.Gideon Yaffe - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Gideon Yaffe presents a theory of criminal responsibility according to which child criminals deserve leniency not because of their psychological, behavioural, or neural immaturity but because they are denied the vote. He argues that full shares of criminal punishment are deserved only by those who have a full share of say over the law.
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  7.  80
    Indoctrination, Coercion and Freedom of Will.Gideon Yaffe - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):335–356.
    Manipulation by another person often undermines freedom. To explain this, a distinction is drawn between two forms of manipulation: indoctrination is defined as causing another person to respond to reasons in a pattern that serves the manipulator’s ends; coercion as supplying another person with reasons that, given the pattern in which he responds to reasons, lead him to act in ways that serve the manipulator’s ends. It is argued that both forms of manipulation undermine freedom because manipulators track the compliance (...)
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  8. Recent Work on Addiction and Responsible Agency.Gideon Yaffe - 2001 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 30 (2):178-221.
  9. 'Ought' Implies 'Can' and the Principle of Alternate Possibilities.G. Yaffe - 1999 - Analysis 59 (3):218-222.
  10.  21
    The Point of Mens Rea: The Case of Willful Ignorance.Gideon Yaffe - 2018 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 12 (1):19-44.
    Under the “Willful Ignorance Principle,” a defendant is guilty of a crime requiring knowledge he lacks provided he is ignorant thanks to having earlier omitted inquiry. In this paper, I offer a novel justification of this principle through application of the theory that knowledge matters to culpability because of how the knowing action manifests the agent’s failure to grant sufficient weight to other people’s interests. I show that, under a simple formal model that supports this theory, omitting inquiry manifests precisely (...)
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  11.  11
    Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action.Gideon Yaffe - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Manifest Activity presents and critically examines the model of human power, the will, our capacities for purposeful conduct, and the place of our agency in the natural world of one of the most important and traditionally under-appreciated philosophers of the 18th century: Thomas Reid. For Reid, contrary to the view of many of his predecessors, it is simply manifest that we are active with respect to our behaviours; it is manifest, he thinks, that our actions are not merely remote products (...)
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  12.  25
    Trying, Intending, and Attempted Crimes.Gideon Yaffe - 2004 - Philosophical Topics 32 (1/2):505-531.
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  13.  23
    Reconsidering Reid's Geometry of Visibles.Gideon Yaffe - 2002 - Philosophical Quarterly 52 (209):602-620.
    In his 'Inquiry', Reid claims, against Berkeley, that there is a science of the perspectival shapes of objects ('visible figures'): they are geometrically equivalent to shapes projected onto the surfaces of spheres. This claim should be understood as asserting that for every theorem regarding visible figures there is a corresponding theorem regarding spherical projections; the proof of the theorem regarding spherical projections can be used to construct a proof of the theorem regarding visible figures, and vice versa. I reconstruct Reid's (...)
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  14.  14
    Reid on the Perception of Visible Figure.Gideon Yaffe - 2003 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 1 (2):103-115.
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  15.  80
    Locke on Consciousness, Personal Identity and the Idea of Duration.Gideon Yaffe - 2011 - Noûs 45 (3):387-408.
  16.  6
    Moore on Causing, Acting, and Complicity.Gideon Yaffe - 2012 - Legal Theory 18 (4):437-458.
    In Michael Moore's important book Causation and Responsibility, he holds that causal contribution matters to responsibility independently of its relevance to action. We are responsible for our actions, according to Moore, because where there is action, we typically also find the kind of causal contribution that is crucial for responsibility. But it is causation, and not action, that bears the normative weight. This paper assesses this claim and argues that Moore's reasons for it are unconvincing. It is suggested that sometimes (...)
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  17.  10
    More on “Ought” Implies “Can” and the Principle of Alternate Possibilities.Gideon Yaffe - 2005 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 29 (1):307-312.
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  18.  1
    Libertarian Accounts of Free Will. [REVIEW]Gideon Yaffe - 2007 - The Journal of Ethics 11 (4):485-497.
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  19.  42
    The Voluntary Act Requirement.Gideon Yaffe - 2012 - In Marmor Andrei (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Law. Routledge. pp. 174.
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  20.  20
    Liberty Worth the Name: Locke on Free Agency.Gideon Yaffe - 2000 - Princeton University Press.
    This is the first comprehensive interpretation of John Locke's solution to one of philosophy's most enduring problems: free will and the nature of human agency.
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  21. Excusing Mistakes of Law.Gideon Yaffe - 2009 - Philosophers' Imprint 9:1-22.
    Whether we understand it descriptively or normatively, the slogan that ignorance of the law is no excuse is false. Our legal system sometimes excuses those who are ignorant of the law on those grounds and should. Still, the slogan contains a grain of truth; mistakes of law excuse less readily than mistakes of fact, and ought to. This paper explains the asymmetry by identifying a principle of excuse of the form “If defendant D has a false belief that p and (...)
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  22.  42
    Peach Trees, Gravity and God: Mechanism in Locke.Marleen Rozemond & Gideon Yaffe - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (3):387 – 412.
    Locke claimed that God superadded various powers to matter, including motion, the perfections of peach trees and elephants, gravity, and that he could superadd thought. Various interpreters have discussed the question whether Locke's claims about superaddition are in tension with his commitment to mechanistic explanation. This literature assumes that for Locke mechanistic explanation involves deducibility. We argue that this is an inaccurate interpretation and that mechanistic explanation involves a different type of intelligibility for Locke.
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  23.  84
    Thomas Reid on Consciousness and Attention.Gideon Yaffe - 2009 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 39 (2):pp. 165-194.
  24.  22
    Belief Fusion: Aggregating Pedigreed Belief States.Maynard-Reid I. I. Pedrito & Shoham Yoav - 2001 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (2):183-209.
    We introduce a new operator – belief fusion– which aggregates the beliefs of two agents, each informed by a subset of sources ranked by reliability. In the process we definepedigreed belief states, which enrich standard belief states with the source of each piece of information. We note that the fusion operator satisfies the invariants of idempotence, associativity, and commutativity. As a result, it can be iterated without difficulty. We also define belief diffusion; whereas fusion generally produces a belief state with (...)
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  25.  62
    Comment on Stephen Darwall's the Second Person Standpoint: Morality, Respect and Accountability. [REVIEW]Gideon Yaffe - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (1):246-252.
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  26.  21
    More Attempts: A Reply to Duff, Husak, Mele and Walen. [REVIEW]Gideon Yaffe - 2012 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (3):429-444.
    In this paper, I reply to the very thoughtful comments on my book by Antony Duff, Doug Husak, Al Mele and Alec Walen.
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  27.  14
    Conditional Intent and Mens Rea.Gideon Yaffe - 2004 - Legal Theory 10 (4):273-310.
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  28. Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action.Gideon Yaffe - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (1):145-147.
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  29.  3
    More on "Ought" Implies "Can" and the Principle of Alternate Possibilities.Gideon Yaffe - 2005 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 29 (1):307-312.
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  30. Locke on Ideas of Identity and Diversity.Gideon Yaffe - 2007 - In Lex Newman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Locke's "Essay Concerning Human Understanding". Cambridge University Press.
  31.  3
    The Office of an Introspectible Sensation: A Reply to Falkenstein and Grandi.Gideon Yaffe - 2003 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 1 (2):135-140.
  32.  22
    Thomas Reid.Gideon Yaffe & Ryan Nichols - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  33.  24
    Desert for Wrongdoing.Gideon Yaffe - 2016 - The Journal of Ethics 20 (1-3):149-171.
    Much government and personal conduct is premised on the idea that a person made thereby to suffer deserves that suffering thanks to prior wrongdoing by him. Further, it often appears that one kind of suffering is more deserved than another and, in light of that, conduct inflicting the first is superior, or closer to being justified than conduct inflicting the second. Yet desert is mysterious. It is far from obvious what, exactly, it is. This paper offers and argues for a (...)
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  34.  29
    Waldron's Locke and Locke's Waldron: A Review of Jeremy Waldron's God, Locke, and Equality. [REVIEW]Nomi M. Stolzenberg & Gideon Yaffe - 2006 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 49 (2):186 – 216.
  35.  78
    Review: James Harris: Of Liberty and Necessity: The Free Will Debate in Eighteenth-Century British Philosophy. [REVIEW]G. Yaffe - 2008 - Mind 117 (466):480-483.
  36.  6
    Mens Rea by the Numbers.Gideon Yaffe - forthcoming - Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-17.
    Before the recent presidential election, a bipartisan congressional effort was made to pass a criminal justice reform bill. The bill faltered in part because of a proposed default mens rea provision: statutes silent on mens rea, that were not explicitly identified as strict liability by the legislature, would be taken to require for guilt proof of knowledge with respect to each material element. This paper focusses on a prominent line of disagreement about the default mens rea provision. Proponents argued that (...)
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  37.  63
    Velleman on Intentions as Reasons for Action.Gideon Yaffe - 1995 - Analysis 55 (2):107 - 115.
  38.  4
    Is Akrasia Necessary for Culpability? On Douglas Husak’s Ignorance of Law.Gideon Yaffe - 2018 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 12 (2):341-349.
    This paper discusses Douglas Husak’s view that ignorance of the law always reduces culpability since the only fully culpable agents are those who are akratic—who act, that is, in a way that they judge to be wrongful, all things considered. The paper argues that this position is in tension with Husak’s avowed commitment to a reasons-responsiveness theory of culpability, given a plausible way of understanding what that means, and what a reason is.
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  39.  70
    Locke on Ideas of Substance and the Veil of Perception.Gideon Yaffe - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (3):255–272.
  40.  1
    Liberty Worth the Name: Locke on Free Agency.Gideon Yaffe - 2004 - Mind 113 (450):420-424.
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  41. Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action.Gideon Yaffe - 2005 - Mind 114 (455):796-799.
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  42.  63
    Trying, Acting and Attempted Crimes.Gideon Yaffe - 2009 - Law and Philosophy 28 (2):109 - 162.
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  43.  61
    Free Will and Agency at its Best.Gideon Yaffe - 2000 - Philosopical Perspectives 14 (s14):203-230.
  44.  33
    Intending to Aid.Gideon Yaffe - 2014 - Law and Philosophy 33 (1):1-40.
    Courts and commentators are notoriously puzzled about the mens rea standards for complicity. Accomplices intend to aid, but what attitude need they have towards the crimes that they aid? This paper both criticizes extant accounts of the mens rea of complicity and offers a new account. The paper argues that an intention can commit one to an event’s occurrence without committing one to promoting the event, or making it more likely to take place. Under the proposed account of the mens (...)
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  45.  48
    Review of John Fischer and Mark Ravizza's Responsibility and Control: A Theory of Moral Responsibility. [REVIEW]Gideon Yaffe - 2000 - Erkenntnis 53 (3):429-434.
  46.  18
    In Defense of Criminal Possession.Gideon Yaffe - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (3):441-471.
    Criminal law casebooks and treatises frequently mention the possibility that criminal liability for possession is inconsistent with the Voluntary Act Requirement, which limits criminal liability to that which includes an act or an omission. This paper explains why criminal liability for possession is compatible with the Voluntary Act Requirement despite the fact that possession is a status. To make good on this claim, the paper defends the Voluntary Act Requirement, offers an account of the nature of omissions of the kind (...)
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  47. Excusing Mistakes of Law: A View Sketched.Gideon Yaffe - 2015 - Jurisprudence 6 (1):77-80.
     
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  48.  13
    The Laws of Plato.Martin D. Yaffe - 1982 - International Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1):108-109.
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  49.  1
    Consequences for Peers Differentially Bias Computations About Risk Across Development.Katherine E. Powers, Gideon Yaffe, Catherine A. Hartley, Juliet Y. Davidow, Hedy Kober & Leah H. Somerville - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (5):671-682.
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  50.  37
    Promises, Social Acts, and Reid's First Argument for Moral Liberty.Gideon Yaffe - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (2):267-289.
    This paper is concerned to bring out the philosophical contribution that Thomas Reid makes in his discussions of promising. Reid discusses promising in two contexts: he argues that the practice of promising presupposes the belief that the promisor is endowed with what he calls 'active power' , and he argues against Hume's claim that the very act of promising—and the obligation to do as one promised—are "artificial," or the products of human convention . In addition to explaining what Reid says (...)
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