15 found
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  1.  37
    Patient privacy and autonomy: a comparative analysis of cases of ethical dilemmas in China and the United States.Hui Zhang, Hongmei Zhang, Zhenxiang Zhang & Yuming Wang - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-8.
    Background Respect for patients’ autonomy is usually considered to be an important ethical principle in Western countries; privacy is one of the implications of such respect. Healthcare professionals frequently encounter ethical dilemmas during their practice. The past few decades have seen an increased use of courts to resolve intractable ethical dilemmas across both the developed and the developing world. However, Chinese and American bioethics differ largely due to the influence of Chinese Confucianism and Western religions, respectively, and there is a (...)
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  2.  56
    Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia: A Comparative Analysis of Dutch and East Asian Cases.Fengmin Shao, Yue Gu, Zhenxiang Zhang, Hui Zhang & Yuming Wang - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (2):74-76.
    The target article describes a Dutch case that happened in 2008, where Albert Heringa helped his 98-year-old mother, whose general practitioner rejected her request for an assisted d...
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  3.  13
    Governance of Emerging Biotechnologies: Lessons from Two Chinese Cases.Yuming Wang, Zhenxiang Zhang, Yubao Wei, Yongguang Yang, Jing Wang, Cuilian Zhang & Hui Zhang - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (1):56-58.
    Ankeny et al. focuses on the recent creation of “iBlastoids” and defends the need for reflexive, anticipatory, and deliberative approaches in the domain of emerging and potentially contentio...
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  4.  27
    Artificial Intelligence, Social Media, and Suicide Prevention: Principle of Beneficence Besides Respect for Autonomy.Hui Zhang, Yuming Wang, Zhenxiang Zhang, Fangxia Guan, Hongmei Zhang & Zhiping Guo - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (7):43-45.
    The target article by Laacke et al. focuses on the specific context of identifying people in social media with a high risk of depression by using artificial intelligence technologies. I...
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  5.  14
    Contingency Measures During the COVID-19 Pandemic in China: An Analysis Based on a New Ethical Framework.Zhiping Guo, Zhenxiang Zhang, Yongguang Yang, Hui Zhang & Yuming Wang - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (8):28-30.
    The target article by David Alfandre et al. offers a new ethical framework to guide COVID-19 contingency surge planning and response, and applies this ethical framework to three case example...
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  6.  10
    E-Cigarette Use and Regulation: A Comparative Analysis between the United States, the UK, and China.Fengmin Shao, Yue Gu, Lijun Shen, Yuming Wang & Hui Zhang - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (10):29-31.
    Svirsky, Howard, and Berman have enumerated a variety of U.S. FDA roles, arguing that although the public possess a “right to information” about health risks,...
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  7.  18
    Chinese Clinical Ethicists Accept Physicians’ Benevolent Deception of Patients.Yuming Wang, Zhenxiang Zhang, Hongmei Zhang, Li Tian & Hui Zhang - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):22-24.
    In “Deception and the Clinical Ethicist,” Meyers defends the argument that the clinical ethicist should sometimes be an active participant in the deception of patients and their families. Me...
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  8.  24
    Enhancing legal judgment summarization with integrated semantic and structural information.Jingpei Dan, Weixuan Hu & Yuming Wang - forthcoming - Artificial Intelligence and Law:1-22.
    Legal Judgment Summarization (LJS) can highly summarize legal judgment documents, improving judicial work efficiency in case retrieval and other occasions. Legal judgment documents are usually lengthy; however, most existing LJS methods are directly based on general text summarization models, which cannot handle long texts effectively. Additionally, due to the complex structural characteristics of legal judgment documents, some information may be lost by applying only one single kind of summarization model. To address these issues, we propose an integrated summarization method which (...)
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  9.  12
    Integrating legal event and context information for Chinese similar case analysis.Jingpei Dan, Lanlin Xu & Yuming Wang - forthcoming - Artificial Intelligence and Law:1-42.
    Similar case analysis (SCA) is an essential topic in legal artificial intelligence, serving as a reference for legal professionals. Most existing works treat SCA as a traditional text classification task and ignore some important legal elements that affect the verdict and case similarity, like legal events, and thus are easily misled by semantic structure. To address this issue, we propose a Legal Event-Context Model named LECM to improve the accuracy and interpretability of SCA based on Chinese legal corpus. The event-context (...)
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  10.  17
    Instruments of Moral Distress: An Analysis Based on Scientificity and Application Value.Lijun Shen, Hui Zhang, Yongguang Yang, Shixiu Liao & Yuming Wang - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (4):89-91.
    In the target article by Kolbe and de Melo-Martin (2023), the authors discussed several shortcomings of major instruments of moral distress, including the Moral Distress Scale (MDS) (Corley et al....
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  11.  12
    Assisted Dying: More Attention Should Be Paid to the Epistemic Asset of Personal Experience.Yuming Wang, Yongguang Yang, Feifei Gao, Lihan Miao & Hui Zhang - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (1):46-49.
    The target article (Nelson et al. 2023) offers a valuable contribution to the “paradox of experience,” which was illustrated by using examples about access to unproven medical products and disabili...
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  12.  12
    Anticipatory Governance of Noninvasive Prenatal Testing for “Non-Medical” Traits: Lessons from Regulation of Medically Assisted Reproduction.Hui Zhang, Jing Wang, Yan Qin, Chuanfeng Zhang, Bingwei Wang & Yuming Wang - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (3):45-47.
    Bowman-Smart et al. (2023) sketched a hypothetical scenario involving noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for “non-medical” traits available for expectant parents in the near future. By critically...
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  13.  11
    A Prediction Method of Electromagnetic Environment Effects for UAV LiDAR Detection System.Min Huang, Dandan Liu, Liyun Ma, Jingyang Wang, Yuming Wang & Yazhou Chen - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-14.
    With the rapid development of science and technology, UAVs have become a new type of weapon in the informatization battlefield by their advantages of low loss and zero casualty rate. In recent years, UAV navigation electromagnetic decoy and electromagnetic interference crashes have activated widespread international attention. The UAV LiDAR detection system is susceptible to electromagnetic interference in a complex electromagnetic environment, which results in inaccurate detection and causes the mission to fail. Therefore, it is very necessary to predict the effects (...)
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  14.  18
    News Coverage of Abortion in Relation to Race and Class in the United States in 2021.Lihan Miao, Hui Zhang, Li Tian & Yuming Wang - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (8):88-90.
    Mass media play a significant role in shaping public opinion. News coverage of abortion reflects narratives about reproductive health, ethics, and women, and may potentially reinforce negative soci...
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  15.  12
    What Can We Learn from COVID-19 Drug Development and Access for Non-Pandemic Diseases? A Chinese Perspective.Hui Zhang, Zhiping Guo, Lijun Shen, Yongguang Yang, Zhenxiang Zhang & Yuming Wang - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (12):42-45.
    The target article by Lynch et al. offers approaches for improving trial availability and Expanded Access for non-pandemic diseases based on the analysis of the COVID-19 experience in the US...
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