Results for 'Yuval Abrams'

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Yuval Abrams
New York University
  1. Omissive Overdetermination: Why the Act-Omission Distinction Makes a Difference for Causal Analysis.Yuval Abrams - 2022 - University of Western Australia Law Review 1 (49):57-86.
    Analyses of factual causation face perennial problems, including preemption, overdetermination, and omissions. Arguably, the thorniest, are cases of omissive overdetermination, involving two independent omissions, each sufficient for the harm, and neither, independently, making a difference. A famous example is Saunders, where pedestrian was hit by a driver of a rental car who never pressed on the (unbeknownst to the driver) defective (and, negligently, never inspected) brakes. Causal intuitions in such cases are messy, reflected in disagreement about which omission mattered. What (...)
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  2. Veridicalism and Scepticism.Yuval Avnur - 2024 - Philosophical Quarterly 74 (2):393-407.
    According to veridicalism, your beliefs about the existence of ordinary objects are typically true, and can constitute knowledge, even if you are in some global sceptical scenario. Even if you are a victim of Descartes’ demon, you can still know that there are tables, for example. Accordingly, even if you don’t know whether you are in some such scenario, you still know that there are tables. This refutes the standard sceptical argument. But does it solve the sceptical problem posed by (...)
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  3. Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow.Yuval Noah Harari - unknown
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  4. 21 Lessons for the 21st Century.Yuval Noah Harari - 2018
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  5.  35
    Unpacking, repacking, and anchoring: Advances in support theory.Yuval Rottenstreich & Amos Tversky - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (2):406-415.
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  6. The Skeptical Paradox and the Generality of Closure (and other principles).Yuval Avnur - 2022 - In Duncan Pritchard & Matthew Jope (ed.), New Perspectives on Epistemic Closure. Routledge.
    In this essay I defend a solution to a skeptical paradox. The paradox I focus on concerns epistemic justification (rather than knowledge), and skeptical scenarios that entail that most of our ordinary beliefs about the external world are false. This familiar skeptical paradox hinges on a “closure” principle. The solution is to restrict closure, despite its first appearing as a fully general principle, so that it can no longer give rise to the paradox. This has some extra advantages. First, it (...)
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  7.  10
    Relativistic Hydrodynamic Interpretation of de Broglie Matter Waves.Yuval Dagan - 2022 - Foundations of Physics 53 (1):1-11.
    We present a classical hydrodynamic analog of free relativistic quantum particles inspired by de Broglie’s pilot wave theory and recent developments in hydrodynamic quantum analogs. The proposed model couples a periodically forced Klein–Gordon equation with a nonrelativistic particle dynamics equation. The coupled equations may represent both quantum particles and classical particles driven by the gradients of locally excited Faraday waves. Exact stationary solutions of the coupled system reveal a highly nonlinear mechanism responsible for the self-propulsion of free particles, leading to (...)
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  8. The true teacher: Jewish secularism in the philosophy of A.D. Gordon.Yuval Jobani - 2013 - In Jan Woleński, Yaron M. Senderowicz & Józef Bremer (eds.), Jewish and Polish philosophy. Budapeszt: Austeria Publishing House.
     
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  9.  3
    Invitation to Philosophy : Imagined Dialogues with Great Philosophers.Yuval Steinitz - 1994 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    Classical positions on central topics--mind/body, epistemology, freedom/determinism--are presented in a series of imagined discussions between renowned philosophers and critical interlocutors.
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  10.  19
    The Contest Paradox.Yuval Eylon - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-16.
    The paper introduces the “Contest Paradox”: on the one hand, rational competitors employ the most effective means to achieve the constitutive end of games - winning; On the other hand, apparently rational competitors often employ means that are sub-optimal for winning, e.g., playing beautifully or fairly. Nevertheless, the actions of such competitors are viewed as rational. Are such competitors rational? I reject the possibility of resolving the paradox by appealing to additional ends or norms to winning, such as playing sportingly. (...)
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  11. Dreaming and the brain: from phenomenology to neurophysiology.Yuval Nir & Giulio Tononi - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):88-100.
    Dreams are a remarkable experiment in psychology and neuroscience, conducted every night in every sleeping person. They show that the human brain, disconnected from the environment, can generate an entire world of conscious experiences by itself. Content analysis and developmental studies have promoted understanding of dream phenomenology. In parallel, brain lesion studies, functional imaging and neurophysiology have advanced current knowledge of the neural basis of dreaming. It is now possible to start integrating these two strands of research to address fundamental (...)
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  12.  9
    Le-shem shamayim: ʻal ha-etiḳah shel ha-maḥloḳet = The ethics of mahloket.Yuval Sharlo - 2018 - Yerushalayim: Sifre Magid, hotsaʼat Ḳoren.
    Mahloket [dispute] has been part of the human experience since time immemorial. Upon departure from the Garden of Eden the first mahloket arose between Cain and Abel - a conflict that ultimately led to bloodshed. Ever since, the phenomenon of mahloket has been a fact of life¿ The state of mahloket nowadays is lamentable. Debates on the internet are aggressive, even violent, seemingly governed solely by the law of the jungle. A terrible litany of personal attacks, lies, distortions, slander, invasion (...)
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  13. Emotional transitions in social movements : the case of immigrant rights activism in Arizona.Kathryn Abrams - 2016 - In Heather Conway & John Stannard (eds.), The emotional dynamics of law and legal discourse. Portland, Oregon: Hart Publishing.
     
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  14.  6
    Śafah maḥshavah ʻolam: maʼamrin ḳlasiyim be-filosofyah analiṭit = Language, thought, world: classic texts in analytic philosophy.Yuval Eylon (ed.) - 2021 - Raʻananah: Lamda, sifre ha-Universiṭah ha-petuḥah.
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  15.  6
    Der Begriff Transcendental in Kant's Kritik der reinen Vernunft.Abram Gideon - 1903 - Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, [Abt. Verl.].
  16. Algorithm and demonstration in the sixteenth-century Ars magna.Abram Kaplan - 2022 - In Morgan G. Ames & Massimo Mazzotti (eds.), Algorithmic modernity: mechanizing thought and action, 1500-2000. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  17. Haʼūlāʼ darasū al-insān.Abram Kardiner - 1964 - Bayrūt: Dār al-Yaqẓah al-ʻArabīyah. Edited by Edward Preble & Amīn Sharīf.
     
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  18. V pomoshchʹ izuchai︠u︡shchim knigu V.I. Lenina "Materializm i ėmpiriokritit︠s︡izm".Abram Osipovich Sternin - 1964 - Moskva: Vysshai︠a︡ shkola.
     
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  19.  15
    Introduction to elementary mathematical logic.Abram Aronovich Stolyar - 1970 - New York: Dover Publications. Edited by Elliott Mendelson.
    Lucid, non-intimidating presentation of propositional logic, propositional calculus and predicate logic by Russian scholar. Topics of concern in a variety of fields, including computer science, systems analysis, linguistics, etc. Accessible to high school students; valuable review of fundamentals for professionals. Exercises (no solutions). Preface. Three appendices. Indices. Bibliogaphy. 14 figures.
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  20.  61
    Unconscious semantic priming in the absence of partial awareness☆.Richard L. Abrams & Jessica Grinspan - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):942-953.
    In a recent paper in Psychological Science, Kouider and Dupoux reported obtaining unconscious Stroop priming only when subjects had partial awareness of the masked distractor words . Kouider and Dupoux conjectured that semantic priming occurs only when such partial awareness is present. The present experiments tested this conjecture in an affective categorization priming task that differed from Kouider and Dupoux’s in using masked distractors that subjects had practiced earlier as visible words. Experiment 1 showed priming from practiced words when subjects (...)
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  21.  14
    The Role of Contradictions in Spinoza's Philosophy: The God-Intoxicated Heretic.Yuval Jobani - 2016 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Aviv Ben-Or.
    Spinoza is commonly perceived as the great metaphysician of coherence. The Euclidean manner in which he presented his philosophy in the _Ethics _has led readers to assume they are facing a strict and consistent philosophical system that necessarily follows from itself. As opposed to the prevailing understanding of Spinoza and his work, _The Role of Contradictions in Spinoza's Philosophy_ explores an array of profound and pervasive contradictions in Spinoza’s system and argues they are deliberate and constitutive of his philosophical thinking (...)
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  22.  35
    Frustrative nonreward in partial reinforcement and discrimination learning: Some recent history and a theoretical extension.Abram Amsel - 1962 - Psychological Review 69 (4):306-328.
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  23. The virtuous person and normativity.Yuval Eylon - 2014 - In S. van Hooft, N. Athanassoulis, J. Kawall, J. Oakley & L. van Zyl (eds.), The handbook of virtue ethics. Durham: Acumen Publishing. pp. 141–152.
     
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  24.  4
    Aristotle and James T. Kirk: The Problem of Greatness.Jerold J. Abrams - 2016-03-14 - In Kevin S. Decker & Jason T. Eberl (eds.), The Ultimate Star Trek and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 18–25.
    Citizens have two mutually exclusive options: they can exile, or even execute, a god among men, or they can submit to superhuman monarchy. Aristotle thinks any state would choose the former, but finds the latter option superior and argues the citizenry should submit to the superhuman monarch because that is precisely what ideal citizens would do if such a being appeared in their society. This problem appears in great cinema and nowhere more powerfully than in J. J. Abrams's Star (...)
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  25.  8
    Hobbes On Scientific Happiness.Yuval Eytan - 2023 - Philosophical Papers 52 (1):1-32.
    1. Nicholas Robbins argues that, like many other thinkers, Hobbes adopted the monster genre narrative. The commonwealth is interpreted as representing humanity, which is frequently threatened not o...
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  26.  4
    Embracing the “Children of Humanity”: How to Prevent the Next Cylon War.Jerold J. Abrams - 2007-11-16 - In Jason T. Eberl (ed.), Battlestar Galactica and Philosophy. Blackwell. pp. 75–86.
    This chapter contains section titled: “A Holdover from the Cylon Wars” The Resurrection Ship The Limit on Cylon Intelligence “The Cylons Send No One” “The Shape of Things to Come” Notes.
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  27. Algorithm and demonstration in the sixteenth-century Ars magna.Abram Kaplan - 2022 - In Morgan G. Ames & Massimo Mazzotti (eds.), Algorithmic modernity: mechanizing thought and action, 1500-2000. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  28.  37
    Endocrine controls of keratin expression.Yuval Ramot, Ralf Paus, Stephan Tiede & Abraham Zlotogorski - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (4):389-399.
    Keratins are a family of intermediate filaments that serve various crucial roles in skin physiology. For mammalian skin to function properly, and to produce epidermal and hair keratins that are optimally adapted for their environment, it is critical that keratin gene and protein expression are stringently controlled. Given that the skin is not only targeted by multiple hormones, but also constitutes a veritable peripheral endocrine organ, it is not surprizing that intracutaneous keratin expression is underlined by tight endocrine controls. These (...)
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  29.  25
    Harnessing neuroendocrine controls of keratin expression: A new therapeutic strategy for skin diseases?Yuval Ramot & Ralf Paus - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (7):672-686.
    Human skin produces numerous neurohormones and neuropeptides. Recent evidence has shown that the neuroendocrine regulation of human skin biology also extends to keratins, the major structural components of epithelial cells. For example, thyrotropin‐releasing hormone, thyrotropin, opioids, prolactin, and cannabinoid receptor 1‐ligands profoundly modulate human keratin gene and protein expression in human epidermis and/or hair follicle epithelium in situ. Since selected keratins are now understood to exert important regulatory functions beyond mechanical stability, we argue that neuroendocrine pathways of keratin regulation are (...)
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  30.  4
    In His image: the image of God in man.Yuval Sharlo - 2015 - Jerusalem: Maggid Books, an imprint of Koren Publishers.
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  31.  22
    Moral judgments by alleged sociopaths as a means for coping with problems of definition and identification in Mealey's model.Yuval Wolf - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):577-578.
    Problems of definition and identification in the integrated evolutionary model of sociopathy are suggested by Schoenfeld's (1974) criticism of the field of race differences in intelligence. Moral judgments by those labeled primary and secondary sociopaths may offer a way to validate the assumptions of the model.
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  32.  27
    The logical asymmetry of causation.Yuval Steinitz - 1994 - Philosophical Papers 23 (1):49-57.
  33.  84
    Why Not Torture Terrorists?: Moral, Practical, and Legal Aspects of the 'Ticking Bomb' Justification for Torture.Yuval Ginbar - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    This book addresses a dilemma at the heart of counter-terrorism: Is it ever justifiable to torture terrorists when innocent lives are at stake? The book analyses the moral arguments and presents a passionate defence of prohibition. It also examines current State practice and the models of legalising torture suggested in Israel and the US.
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  34.  49
    Intersectionality and Feminist Politics.Nira Yuval-Davis - 2006 - European Journal of Women's Studies 13 (3):193-209.
    This article explores various analytical issues involved in conceptualizing the interrelationships of gender, class, race and ethnicity and other social divisions. It compares the debate on these issues that took place in Britain in the 1980s and around the 2001 UN World Conference Against Racism. It examines issues such as the relative helpfulness of additive or mutually constitutive models of intersectional social divisions; the different analytical levels at which social divisions need to be studied, their ontological base and their relations (...)
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  35.  8
    Knowledge caching for sensor-based systems.Yuval Roth & Ramesh Jain - 1994 - Artificial Intelligence 71 (2):257-280.
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  36.  32
    The frameless life: The end of death or death without end?Yuval Kremnitzer - 2022 - Angelaki 27 (1):140-151.
    In recent years, a future in which humans have attained Immortality by means of technology, and yet, this miraculous achievement remains a luxury of the rich, has become a staple not only of specul...
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  37.  28
    Semantic and subword elements of unconscious priming: Commentary on Kouider and Dupoux (2007)☆.Richard L. Abrams & Jessica Grinspan - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):957-958.
  38. What’s Wrong with the Online Echo Chamber: A Motivated Reasoning Account.Yuval Avnur - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 37 (4):578-593.
    In this ‘age of information’, some worry that we get our news from online ‘echo chambers’, news feeds on our social media accounts that contain information from like‐minded sources. Filtering our information in this way seems prima facie problematic from an epistemic perspective. I vindicate this intuition by offering an explanation of what is wrong with online echo chambers that appeals to a particular kind of motivated reasoning, or bias due to one’s interests. This sort of bias affects, not which (...)
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  39.  17
    Privacy in new media in Israel.Yuval Karniel & Amit Lavie-Dinur - 2012 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 10 (4):288-304.
    PurposeThe purpose of the paper is to draw a new map confronting the issue of privacy in the new media age in general, and in the State of Israel in particular.Design/methodology/approachThe paper presents an in‐depth review based on professional literature covering the topics of privacy, new media, social networks, and Israel. The paper considers all citizens of Israel, the vast majority, however, of which are Jewish.FindingsThe study has found that even though Israeli social network users may be aware of online (...)
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  40.  10
    The Law of Good People: Challenging States' Ability to Regulate Human Behavior.Yuval Feldman - 2018 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    Currently, the dominant enforcement paradigm is based on the idea that states deal with 'bad people' - or those pursuing their own self-interests - with laws that exact a price for misbehavior through sanctions and punishment. At the same time, by contrast, behavioral ethics posits that 'good people' are guided by cognitive processes and biases that enable them to bend the laws within the confines of their conscience. In this illuminating book, Yuval Feldman analyzes these paradigms and provides a (...)
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  41.  56
    Motivational properties of frustration: I. Effect on a running response of the addition of frustration to the motivational complex.Abram Amsel & Jacqueline Roussel - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (5):363.
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  42. Mashiv ha-ruaḥ: 70 pisḳaʼot ha-mashivot et ha-ruaḥ be-siman ʻayin ṭovah.Yuval Froind - 2007 - Yerushalayim: Rosh Yehudi. Edited by Abraham Isaac Kook.
     
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  43.  6
    Why Not Torture Terrorists?: Moral, Practical and Legal Aspects of the Ticking: Moral, Practical and Legal Aspects of the Ticking Bomb Justification for Torture.Yuval Ginbar - 2008 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book addresses a dilemma at the heart of the.
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  44.  37
    The Lure of Heresy: A Philosophical Typology of Hebrew Secularism in the First Half of the Twentieth Century.Yuval Jobani - 2016 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 24 (1):95-121.
    _ Source: _Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 95 - 121 Contemporary study of Jewish secularism in the Modern era has yielded a nuanced picture of Hebrew secularism. This article analyzes the emergence of a rich and diverse cultural infrastructure of Hebrew secularism in the first half of the twentieth century from a philosophical perspective, proposing a typology of models of Hebrew secularism. These models are characterized by their attitudes to what, following Charles Taylor, can be referred to as the “fragmentary (...)
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  45.  36
    The Secular University and Its Critics.Yuval Jobani - 2015 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 35 (4):333-351.
    Universities in the USA have become bastions of secularity in a distinctly religious society. As such, they are subjected to a variety of robust and rigorous religious critiques. In this paper I do not seek to engage in the debate between the supporters of the secular university and its opponents. Furthermore, I do not claim to summarize the history of the critique of the secular university, nor to present an exhaustive map of its current articulations. My purpose is rather more (...)
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  46.  20
    A panorama of lineage‐specific transcription in hematopoiesis.Yuval Kluger, Zheng Lian, Xueqing Zhang, Peter E. Newburger & Sherman M. Weissman - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (12):1276-1287.
    The hematopoietic system consists of more than ten differentiated cell types, all of which are derived from a single type of hematopoietic stem cell. The accessibility and interest of this system have made it a model for understanding normal and abnormal differentiation of mammalian cells. Newer techniques have generated a mass of data that requires integrative approaches for analysis and interpretation. The traditional view of the differentiation program holds that a small number of regulators are involved in each stage of (...)
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  47.  12
    “To Love the Rest of His Thoughts as Myself” – Translating Mendelssohn’s Singular Bildung.Yuval Kremnitzer - 2021 - Naharaim 15 (2):201-220.
    The conceptual history of Bildung, the German term for self-formation, encapsulates the ethical revolution of modern German thought, associated with the Kantian moment and its aftermath. Reshaped in modernity to respond to a post-Kantian, critical sensibility, the modern term emphasizes the reflexive, active process of self-formation, in contrast with the medieval theological sensibility which emphasized the receptive imprint of the image of God. In this article, I unpack Moses Mendelsohn’s idiosyncratic notion of Bildung. I show that what is unique, indeed, (...)
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  48.  34
    The evolution and development of culture.Yuval Laor & Eva Jablonka - 2013 - History and Theory 52 (2):290-299.
    In his thought-provoking book, Alex Mesoudi argues for an evolutionary, unifying framework for the social sciences, which is based on the principles of Darwinian theory. Mesoudi maintains that cultural change can be illuminated by using the genotype-phenotype distinction, and that it is sufficiently similar to biological change to warrant a theory of culture-change based on evolutionary models. He describes examples of cultural microevolution, within-population changes, and the biologically inspired population genetics models used to study them. He also shows that some (...)
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  49.  5
    Arrows of the Sun: Armed Forces in Sippar in the First Millennium B.C. By John MacGinnis.Yuval Levavi - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 137 (1).
    The Arrows of the Sun: Armed Forces in Sippar in the First Millennium B.C. By John MacGinnis. Babylonische Archive, vol. 4. Dresden: Islet-Verlag, 2012. Pp. viii + 135, text copies.
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  50. The Traumatic Neuroses of War.Abram Kardiner - 1942 - Science and Society 6 (1):82-84.
     
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