Results for 'Yves Schaffner'

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  1.  38
    Mindfulness Meditation Counteracts Self-Control Depletion.Malte Friese, Claude Messner & Yves Schaffner - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):1016-1022.
    Mindfulness meditation describes a set of different mental techniques to train attention and awareness. Trait mindfulness and extended mindfulness interventions can benefit self-control. The present study investigated the short-term consequences of mindfulness meditation under conditions of limited self-control resources. Specifically, we hypothesized that a brief period of mindfulness meditation would counteract the deleterious effect that the exertion of self-control has on subsequent self-control performance. Participants who had been depleted of self-control resources by an emotion suppression task showed decrements in self-control (...)
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  2. Schaffner’s Model of Theory Reduction: Critique and Reconstruction.Rasmus Gr⊘Nfeldt Winther - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (2):119-142.
    Schaffner’s model of theory reduction has played an important role in philosophy of science and philosophy of biology. Here, the model is found to be problematic because of an internal tension. Indeed, standard antireductionist external criticisms concerning reduction functions and laws in biology do not provide a full picture of the limits of Schaffner’s model. However, despite the internal tension, his model usefully highlights the importance of regulative ideals associated with the search for derivational, and embedding, deductive relations (...)
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  3.  47
    Three Lectures by Yves R. Simon Condensed by the Editor.Yves R. Simon - 1948 - Renascence 1 (1):35-39.
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  4.  11
    Behaving: What's Genetic, What's Not, and Why Should We Care?Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Behaving presents an overview of the recent history and methodology of behavioral genetics and psychiatric genetics, informed by a philosophical perspective. Kenneth F. Schaffner addresses a wide range of issues, including genetic reductionism and determinism, "free will," and quantitative and molecular genetics. The latter covers newer genome-wide association studies that have produced a paradigm shift in the subject, and generated the problem of "missing heritability." Schaffner also presents cases involving pro and con arguments for genetic testing for IQ (...)
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  5.  12
    A Fallacious Forced Choice: Cloninger and Stoyanov, Machamer, and Schaffner Are Compatible.Drozdstoj Stoyanov, Peter Machamer & Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (3):281-284.
  6.  68
    Discovery and Explanation in Biology and Medicine.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1993 - University of Chicago Press.
    Kenneth F. Schaffner compares the practice of biological and medical research and shows how traditional topics in philosophy of science--such as the nature of theories and of explanation--can illuminate the life sciences. While Schaffner pays some attention to the conceptual questions of evolutionary biology, his chief focus is on the examples that immunology, human genetics, neuroscience, and internal medicine provide for examinations of the way scientists develop, examine, test, and apply theories. Although traditional philosophy of science has regarded (...)
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  7.  30
    Book Review: Pierre-Yves Materne, La condition de disciple: Ethique et politique chez J.B. Metz et S. Hauerwas. [REVIEW]Pierre-Yves Materne & H. StJ Broadbent - 2015 - Studies in Christian Ethics 28 (2):236-240.
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  8. The Arrière-Pays: With a New Preface by Yves Bonnefoy, Introduction and Notes by Stephen Romer.Yves Bonnefoy - 2012 - Seagull Books.
    Presents essays describing the author's impressions of art and architectural works.
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  9.  16
    Response to Critics: How Religious Beliefs Distort Historical Understanding: Yves Gingras: Science and Religion: An Impossible Dialogue. Malden, MA: Polity Press, July 2017, 272 Pp, $26.95 PB.Yves Gingras - 2019 - Metascience 28 (2):237-248.
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  10. Philosopher at Work: Essays by Yves R. Simon.Yves R. Simon (ed.) - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Like no other philosopher of this century, the late Yves R. Simon grappled with philosophical issues that still carry weight today. This collection of his essays explores an impressive range of genuinely foundational topics of philosophical inquiry. These essays discuss, among other topics, the relationship between faith and reason, the nature of sensation, and the various meanings of work. SimonOs significant contribution to philosophy through these varied essays is unquestionable, and this is the first such collection of his works.
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  11. Approaches to Reduction.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (2):137-147.
    Four current accounts of theory reduction are presented, first informally and then formally: (1) an account of direct theory reduction that is based on the contributions of Nagel, Woodger, and Quine, (2) an indirect reduction paradigm due to Kemeny and Oppenheim, (3) an "isomorphic model" schema traceable to Suppes, and (4) a theory of reduction that is based on the work of Popper, Feyerabend, and Kuhn. Reference is made, in an attempt to choose between these schemas, to the explanation of (...)
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  12. La Recherche Philosophique En France Bilans Et Perspectives : Universités, Cnrs, Grands Établissements d'Enseignement Supérieur : Rapport de la Commission Présidée Par Pierre Magnard Et Yves Charles Zarka ; Avant-Propos Par Pierre Bigot.Pierre Magnard, Yves Charles Zarka & Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - 1996 - Ministère de l'Éducation Nationale, de l'Enseignement Supérieur Et de la Recherche.
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  13. Discovery and Explanation in Biology and Medicine.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1995 - Journal of the History of Biology 28 (1):172-174.
     
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  14. Discovery and Explanation in Biology and Medicine.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (4):621-623.
     
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  15.  32
    Rolf J. Goebel , A Companion to the Works of Walter Benjamin, Compte rendu d’Yves Laberge. [REVIEW]Yves Laberge - 2012 - Symposium 16 (2):287-289.
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  16. Descartes: Reception and Disenchantment. Réception et Déception. Edited by: Yaron Senderowicz & Yves Wahl.Yaron Senderowicz, Yves Wahl, Daniel Garber, Frédéric Cossutta, Georges-Elia Sarfati, Sergio Cremaschi, Anthony Kenny, Elhanan Yakira, Abraham Mansbach, Fernando Gil, Ruth Weintraub, Zauderer Naaman Noa, Keenan Hagi & Viala Alain - 2000 - Tel Aviv: University Publishing Projects.
    A collection of essays in French or English on the reception of Cartesian philosphy.
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  17. Pages Religieuses Extraits Reliés Par Un Commentaire Et Précedés d'Une Introduction d'Yves de Montcheuil.Maurice Blondel & Yves de Montcheuil - 1945 - Éditions Montaigne.
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  18.  16
    La décision métaphysique de hobbes : Yves-Charles Zarka , 408 pp. Livre couronné par l'Académie des sciences morales et politiques. [REVIEW]Yves Thierry - 1989 - History of European Ideas 10 (5):602-603.
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  19. The Watson-Crick Model and Reductionism.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (4):325-348.
  20.  89
    Ernest Nagel and Reduction.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy 109 (8-9):534-565.
  21. Einstein Versus Lorentz: Research Programmes and the Logic of Theory Evaluation.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1974 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 25:45.
  22.  20
    La Vallée du Spercheios des origines au IVe siècle. By Yves Béquignon. Pp. xvi + 400; 23 plates. Paris: de Boccard. 1937. [REVIEW]A. J. B. Wace & Yves Bequignon - 1938 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 58 (2):277-278.
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  23. Reduction: The Cheshire Cat Problem and a Return to Roots.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2006 - Synthese 151 (3):377-402.
    In this paper, I propose two theses, and then examine what the consequences of those theses are for discussions of reduction and emergence. The first thesis is that what have traditionally been seen as robust, reductions of one theory or one branch of science by another more fundamental one are a largely a myth. Although there are such reductions in the physical sciences, they are quite rare, and depend on special requirements. In the biological sciences, these prima facie sweeping reductions (...)
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  24. The Stakeholder Model Refined.Yves Fassin - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (1):113-135.
    The popularity of the stakeholder model has been achieved thanks to its powerful visual scheme and its very simplicity. Stakeholder management has become an important tool to transfer ethics to management practice and strategy. Nevertheless, legitimate criticism continues to insist on clarification and emphasises on the perfectible nature of the model. Here, rather than building on the discussion from a philosophical or theoretical point of view, a different and innovative approach has been chosen: the analysis will return to the origin (...)
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  25. The Dopamine Hypothesis of Schizophrenia: An Historical and Philosophical Analysis.Kenneth S. Kendler & Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (1):41-63.
    This essay selectively reviews, from an historical and philosophical perspective, the dopamine (DA) hypothesis of schizophrenia (DHS; Table 1 lists the abbreviations used in this essay). Our goal is not to adjudicate the validity of the theory—although we arrive at a generally skeptical conclusion—but to focus on the process whereby the DHS has evolved over time and been evaluated. Since its inception, the DHS has been the most prominent etiologic theory in psychiatry and is still referred to widely in current (...)
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  26. Ion Copoeru: Madalina Diaconu, Tasten, Riechen, Schmecken_Madalina Diaconu: Silvia Stoller, Veronica Vasterling, Linda Fisher, _Feministische Phaenomenologie und Hermeneutik_Dale Jacquette: _Karl Schuhmann, Selected Papers on Phenomenology_Yves Mayzaud: Hiroshi Gotto, _Der Begriff der Person in der Phaenomenologie Husserls_Francesca Filippi: Gunter Figal, _Lebensverstricktheit und Abstandsnahme_Rolf Kühn: Jacques Derrida, _Le toucher, Jean-Luc Nancy, 2000.Ion Copoeru, Mădălina Diaconu, Dale Jacquette, Yves Mayzaud, Francesca Filippi & Rolf Kühn - 2005 - Studia Phaenomenologica 5:383-407.
    MĂDĂLINA DIACONU, Tasten, Riechen, Schmecken. Eine Ästhetik der anästhesierten Sinne, 2005 ; SILVIA STOLLER, VERONICA VASTERLING,LINDA FISHER, Feministische Phänomenologie und Hermeneutik, 2005 ; KARL SCHUHMANN, Karl Schuhmann: Selected Papers on Phenomenology. Edited by CEES LEIJENHORST and PIET STEENBAKKERS, 2004 ; HIROSHI GOTO, Der Begriff der Person in der PhänomenologieHusserls. Ein Interpretationsversuch der Husserlschen Phänomenologie als Ethik im Hinblick auf den Begriff der Habitualität, 2004 ; GÜNTER FIGAL, Lebensverstricktheit und Abstandsnahme. „Verhalten zu sich“ im Anschluss an Heidegger, Kierkegaard und Hegel, 2001 (...)
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  27.  71
    Correspondence Rules.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (3):280-290.
    The traditional role which correspondence rules, coordinating definitions, or semantical rules, have in a logical analysis of a scientific theory is questioned by providing an alternative analysis. The alternative account suggests that scientific theories are "meaningful" prior to the establishment of correspondence rules, and that correspondence rules are introduced to permit explanation and testing in the "observational" sector. The role of models is briefly assessed in connection with this prior or "antecedent theoretical meaning," and a causal sequence analysis of a (...)
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  28.  46
    Genes, Behavior, and Developmental Emergentism: One Process, Indivisible?Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):209-252.
    The question of the influence of genes on behavior raises difficult philosophical and social issues. In this paper I delineate what I call the Developmentalist Challenge (DC) to assertions of genetic influence on behavior, and then examine the DC through an indepth analysis of the behavioral genetics of the nematode, C. elegans, with some briefer references to work on Drosophila. I argue that eight "rules" relating genes and behavior through environmentally-influenced and tangled neural nets capture the results of developmental and (...)
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  29.  32
    Reductionism in Biology: Prospects and Problems.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1974 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1974:613 - 632.
  30. From Deliberative to Radical Democracy? Sortition and Politics in the Twenty-First Century.Yves Sintomer - 2018 - Politics and Society 46 (3):337-357.
    This article defends four claims. The first is that in the last few decades, two waves of democratic innovation based on random selection must be differentiated by their partly different concrete devices, embodying different social dynamics and pointing toward different kinds of democracy. The second claim is that the rationale of the first wave, based on randomly selected minipublics, largely differs from the dynamic of political sortition in Athens, as it points toward deliberative democracy rather than radical democracy. Conversely, empowered (...)
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  31.  19
    A Philosophical Overview of the Problems of Validity for Psychiatric Disorders.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2012 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Ii: Nosology. Oxford University Press. pp. 169.
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  32.  5
    Machiavelli and the Orders of Violence.Yves Winter - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    Niccolò Machiavelli is the most prominent and notorious theorist of violence in the history of European political thought - prominent, because he is the first to candidly discuss the role of violence in politics; and notorious, because he treats violence as virtue rather than as vice. In this original interpretation, Yves Winter reconstructs Machiavelli's theory of violence and shows how it challenges moral and metaphysical ideas. Winter attributes two central theses to Machiavelli: first, violence is not a generic technology (...)
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  33.  43
    The Peripherality of Reductionism in the Development of Molecular Biology.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1974 - Journal of the History of Biology 7 (1):111-139.
    I have not attempted to provide here an analysis of the methodology of molecular biology or molecular genetics which would demonstrate at what specific points a more reductionist aim would make sense as a research strategy. This, I believe, would require a much deeper analysis of scientific growth than philosophy of science has been able to provide thus far. What I have tried to show is that a straightforward reductionist strategy cannot be said to be follwed in important cases of (...)
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  34.  68
    Exemplar Reasoning About Biological Models and Diseases: A Relation Between the Philosophy of Medicine and Philosophy of Science.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1986 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (1):63-80.
    the structure of medical science with a special focus on the role of generalizations and universals in medicine, and (2) philosophy of medicine's relation with the philosophy of science. I argue that a usually overlooked aspect of Kuhnian paradigms, namely, their characteristic of being "exemplars", is of considerable significance in the biomedical sciences. This significance rests on certain important differences from the physical sciences in the nature of theories in the basic and the clinical medical sciences. I describe those differences (...)
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  35.  21
    “Big Eye” Surgery: The Ethics of Medicalizing Asian Features.Yves Aquino - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (3):213-225.
    The popularity of surgical modifications of race-typical features among Asian women has generated debates on the ethical implications of the practice. Focusing on blepharoplasty as a representative racial surgery, this article frames the ethical discussion by viewing Asian cosmetic surgery as an example of medicalization, which can be interpreted in two forms: treatment versus enhancement. In the treatment form, medicalization occurs by considering cosmetic surgery as remedy for pathologized Asian features; the pathologization usually occurs in reference to western features as (...)
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  36.  17
    Cat Wars: The Devastating Consequences of a Dangerous Book.Joan E. Schaffner - 2018 - Journal of Animal Ethics 8 (2):236-248.
    Cat Wars is a dangerous book that declares war on all free-roaming cats. Filled with hyperbole and exaggerated statistics, the book argues that cats are a danger to humans, birds, and other free-living animals and should be eradicated from the landscape—a devastating, expensive, inhumane, and useless result. This review exposes the flaws in the authors’ analysis and ethical approach and redirects the dialogue toward an ethic that protects all animals. Compassionate conservationism promotes the use of nonlethal management strategies to protect (...)
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  37.  77
    Stakeholder Management, Reciprocity and Stakeholder Responsibility.Yves Fassin - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (1):83-96.
    Stakeholder theory advocates that firms bear responsibility for the implications of their actions. However, while a firm affects or can affect stakeholders, stakeholders can also affect the corporation. Previous stakeholder theorising has neglected the reciprocal nature of responsibility. The question can be asked whether—in a spirit of reciprocity, loyalty and fairness—stakeholders should treat the corporation in a fair and responsible way. This study based on different definitions of stakeholders argues that various stakeholder attributes differ for different categories of stakeholders. This (...)
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  38.  37
    Small-Business Owner-Managers' Perceptions of Business Ethics and CSR-Related Concepts.Yves Fassin, Annick Van Rossem & Marc Buelens - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (3):425-453.
    Recent academic articles point to an increased vagueness and overlap in concepts related to business ethics and corporate responsibility. Further, the perception of these notions can differ in the smallbusiness world from the original academic definitions. This article focuses on the cognition of small-business owner-managers. Given the impact of small-business owner-managers on their ventures, corporate responsibility and ethical issues can take a different route in SMEs. The small-business owner-manager is able to shape the corporate culture and to enact values other (...)
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  39.  62
    The Reasons Behind Non-Ethical Behaviour in Business and Entrepreneurship.Yves Fassin - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (3):265-279.
    Despite the recent increase in interest in corporate social responsibility and the propagation of corporate governance in both business and academic literature, from observations of actual practice, the author has seen at all company levels, in everyday operations, instances of non-ethical behaviour vis-à-vis the whole gamut of stakeholders. This state of affairs is linked with: pressure from stakeholders, short-term tactics, hegemony of financial considerations, ‘juridisation’ of business, the tyranny of communications and the media and the difficulties in translating strategy into (...)
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  40.  23
    Metonymy as a Prototypical Category.Yves Peirsman & Dirk Geeraerts - 2006 - Cognitive Linguistics 17 (3).
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  41.  30
    Beyond Dissociation: Interaction Between Dissociated Implicit and Explicit Processing.Yves Rossetti (ed.) - 2000 - Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  42.  32
    Theory Structure in the Biomedical Sciences.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1980 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 5 (1):57-97.
  43.  17
    Intra‐Stakeholder Alliances in Plant‐Closing Decisions: A Stakeholder Theory Approach.Yves Fassin, Simone de Colle & R. Edward Freeman - 2017 - Business Ethics: A European Review 26 (2):97-111.
    This article discusses plant-closing decisions by multinational enterprises applying a stakeholder theory approach. In particular, we focus on the emergence of “intra-stakeholder alliances,” that is, alliances among the various stakeholder groups of a specific corporation. We analyze the emergence of stakeholder alliances in reaction to MNEs' decisions to terminate production locally and discuss their influence on the outcomes of such decisions. Our research is inspired by two exceptional case studies of two multinational breweries that announced their decisions to close niche (...)
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  44.  83
    Theories, Models, and Equations in Biology: The Heuristic Search for Emergent Simplifications in Neurobiology.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):1008-1021.
    This article considers claims that biology should seek general theories similar to those found in physics but argues for an alternative framework for biological theories as collections of prototypical interlevel models that can be extrapolated by analogy to different organisms. This position is exemplified in the development of the Hodgkin‐Huxley giant squid model for action potentials, which uses equations in specialized ways. This model is viewed as an “emergent unifier.” Such unifiers, which require various simplifications, involve the types of heuristics (...)
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  45.  44
    Molecular Genetics, Reductionism, and Disease Concepts in Psychiatry.Herbert W. Harris & Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1992 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (2):127-153.
    The study of mental illness by the methods of molecular genetics is still in its infancy, but the use of genetic markers in psychiatry may potentially lead to a Virchowian revolution in the conception of mental illness. Genetic markers may define novel clusters of patients having diverse clinical presentations but sharing a common genetic and mechanistic basis. Such clusters may differ radically from the conventional classification schemes of psychiatric illness. However, the reduction of even relatively simple Mendelian phenomena to molecular (...)
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  46.  60
    An Examination of the Ethical Commitment of Professional Accountants to Auditor Independence.Yves Gendron, Roy Suddaby & Helen Lam - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (2):169-193.
    This research explores the relationship between work context and professional ethics. Specifically, we analyze through an online survey of professional accountants the degree to which changing work conditions have altered individual accountants ’ commitment to the core professional value of auditor independence. We argue that certain changes in the condition of work have made some categories of accountants more susceptible to the logic of commercialism rather than the logic of professionalism. We find general support for this argument. We observe that (...)
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  47. Etiological Models in Psychiatry : Reductive and Nonreductive Approaches.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2008 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: Explanation, Phenomenology, and Nosology. Johns Hopkins University Press.
  48.  18
    Is Ugliness a Pathology? An Ethical Critique of the Therapeuticalization of Cosmetic Surgery.Yves Saint James Aquino - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (4):431-441.
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  49.  32
    Logic of Discovery and Justification in Regulatory Genetics.Kenneth Schaffner - 1974 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 4 (4):349-385.
    In the above pages I have sketched a history of the genesis and comparative evaluation of the repressor model of genetic regulation of enzyme induction. I have not attempted in this article to carry out an analysis of the more scientifically interesting fully developed Jacob-Monod operon theory of genetic regulations but such an analysis of the operon theory would not, I believe, involve any additional logical or epistemological features than have been discussed above. I have argued that the above account (...)
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  50.  17
    Plebeian Politics.Yves Winter - 2012 - Political Theory 40 (6):736-766.
    In his Florentine Histories, Machiavelli offers an ambivalent portrayal of the revolt of the textile workers in late fourteenth-century Florence, known as the tumult of the Ciompi. On the face of it, Machiavelli's depiction of the insurgent workers is not exactly flattering. Yet this picture is undermined by a firebrand speech, which Machiavelli invents and attributes to an unnamed leader of the plebeian revolt. I interpret this speech as a radical and egalitarian vector of thought opened up by Machiavelli's text. (...)
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