40 found
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  1.  81
    The Concept of Placebo.Zbigniew Szawarski - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):57-64.
    This paper attempts to define the concept of placebo as it is used in the clinical context The author claims that X is a placebo if and only if X has such a property dp, that whenever in a therapeutic situation T a stimulus S appears, then in attending conditions A, it will cause a beneficial reaction R in the patient. Formally, the same structure may be used to define any pharmacologically active drug. The main difference between the drug and (...)
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  2.  66
    Dignity and Technology.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (3):243-249.
    Technology has been developed in order to protect and safeguard human dignity; however, technology may also threaten it. The principle of human dignity plays an important role in assessing medical technology and medical practices. Keywords: autonomy, medical ethics, dignity, technology assessment, Poland, bioethics CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
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  3.  34
    Poland: Biomedical Ethics in a Socialist State.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (3):27-29.
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  4.  62
    Wisdom and the Art of Healing.Zbigniew Szawarski - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (2):185-193.
    The concept of the art of healing is intrinsically connected with the idea of healing powers. There are at least three possible approaches to that idea and all of them have different implications for the problem of medical wisdom. These are: the idea of the healing powers of nature, the idea of the healing powers of science, and the idea of the healing powers of physician's personality. Having critically discussed those ideas I sketch an ideal of a wise physician as (...)
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  5.  32
    Boyd, Kenneth M., Higgs, Roger and Pinching, Anthony J.: 1997, The New Dictionary of Medical Ethics. [REVIEW]Zbigniew Szawarski - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (1):83-84.
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  6.  1
    Wartość życia.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1984 - Etyka 21:41-69.
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  7.  20
    Terminal Care and Ethics.Zbigniew Szawarski - 2001 - In H. Ten Have & Bert Gordijn (eds.), Bioethics in a European Perspective. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 433--451.
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  8.  18
    Letters.Zbigniew Szawarski & Jacek A. Piatkiewicz - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (3):355-356.
  9.  1
    Dyskusja po referatach profesorów T. Kielanowskiego i Z. Ziembińskiego.Józef Keller, Karol Toeplitz, Zbigniew Szawarski, Jacek Hołówka, Tadeusz Kielanowski, Henryk Jankowski, Zbigniew Zwoliński, Krystyna Starczewska, Jan Jaroszyński & Zygmunt Ziembiński - 1975 - Etyka 14:117-138.
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  10. Dignity and Responsibility.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1986 - Dialectics and Humanism 13:2-3.
     
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  11. Etyka i przerywanie ciąży.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1978 - Etyka 16:51-80.
    One of the most commonly adduced arguments in the discussions on abortion says that a foetus is a human being. The article presents three classical types of criteria used to establish what is a human being: the genetic criterion, the criterion referring to development of the foetus, and the criterion of being born from human parents. The article takes up the problem of the perspectives for establishing a definition of man. The author believes that the concept of men is an (...)
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  12. Etyka W „The Philosophical Quarterly”, Vol.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1969 - Etyka 4.
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  13.  6
    A Report From Poland Treatment and Non‐Treatment of Defective Newborns.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (2):143-153.
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  14.  11
    A Report From Poland Treatment and Non-Treatment of Defective Newborns.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (2):143–153.
  15. Dyskusja po referatach profesorów H. Jankowskiego i B. Górnickiego.Marek Fritzhand, Tadeusz Kielanowski, Zbigniew Szawarski, Magdalena Sokołowska, Jan Jaroszyński & Alicja Glińska - 1975 - Etyka 14:43-52.
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  16. Bioethics and metaphysics.Zbigniew Szawarski - 2004 - Diametros:212-221.
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  17. „Cierpię, więc jestem”.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1999 - Etyka 32:143-150.
    Suffering is a constitutive attribute of human existence. I cannot be a fully-fledged human being if I am not a sentient being. The authors points out a number of important differences between pain and suffering and argues that the modern reductionist biomedical model of disease totally ignores that distinction and treats equally a person in pain and a suffering person. Medicine can control pain but it is not always able, and perhaps it should not always control suffering. It is for (...)
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  18. Cena wyzwolenia zwierząt (Peter Singer, Animal Liberation).Zbigniew Szawarski - 1980 - Etyka 18:285-291.
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  19. Etyczne aspekty farmakoterapii.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1998 - Etyka 31:147-167.
    Said Paracelsus – “All substances are poisonous; there is none that is not a poison. The right dose distinguishes a poison and a remedy.” Most clinical problems can be boiled down to the following practical syllogism: “If a patient has a condition p, then he should be treated with q, r, or t or whatever combination of them. The patient X has the condition p. Therefore, the patient X should be treated with q, or r, or t, or whatever combination (...)
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  20. Etyczne aspekty transplantacji substancji mózgowej.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1989 - Studia Filozoficzne 284 (7-8).
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  21. Etyczny numer „The Philospohical Quarterly”.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1966 - Etyka 1.
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  22. Etyka W "The Philosophical Quarterly", Vol. 17, 1967.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1969 - Etyka 4:208-210.
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  23. Etyka W "The Philosophical Quarterly".Zbigniew Szawarski - 1969 - Etyka 5:196-202.
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  24. Filozoficzne problemy w etyce.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1970 - Człowiek I Światopogląd 1 (5):60-69.
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  25. Jak umiera człowiek?Zbigniew Szawarski - 2001 - Etyka 34:115-135.
    Human life is a process. It is the process of becoming and ceasing to be a human being and it is a process of becoming and ceasing to be a human person. I accept the distinction between being a human being and being a human person and distinguish further – future, present, and past human persons. The main problem of the paper is when do we become past persons? Having distinguished and presented four distinctive modi of human dying I concentrate (...)
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  26. Kłopoty moralizatorskiej moralistyki ( Mieczysław Michalik : Moralność na co dzień, Iskry 1968).Zbigniew Szawarski - 1970 - Człowiek I Światopogląd 1 (1):114-117.
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  27. Kilka uwag o moralności i okolicznościach szczególnych.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1986 - Etyka 22.
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  28. „Kupi żywe oko”. Rozważania o etyce transplantacji.Zbigniew Szawarski - 2000 - Etyka 33:157-173.
    If my body is my property, then I have a right to use it according to my will: I can sell it, donate it, or destroy it. There is, however, an important difference between a living body and a dead body, which is often ignored in the discussion of transplantation ethics. I claim that my living body is not my property. However, this does not determine property status of my dead body and of all the cells, tissues, organs and body (...)
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  29. Logika Mądrości (Robert Binkley, A Theory of Practical Reason).Zbigniew Szawarski - 1969 - Etyka 4:204-208.
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  30. Moralność I Demokracja (Peter Singer, Democracy and Disobedience).Zbigniew Szawarski - 1977 - Etyka 15:246-249.
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  31. Mądrość i sztuka leczenia.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1999 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 29 (1):145-160.
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  32. Moralne racje pokoju (Richard M. Hare, Peace).Zbigniew Szawarski - 1968 - Etyka 3:263-266.
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  33. Nowy wspaniały \"Homo Sapiens\" (Etyczne aspekty sztucznej prokreacji).Zbigniew Szawarski - 1988 - Studia Filozoficzne 268 (3).
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  34. Perspektywy etyki naukowej (Abraham Edel, Method in Ethical Theory).Zbigniew Szawarski - 1967 - Etyka 2:319-330.
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  35. Problemy marksistowskiej analizy pojęć moralnych (Wiliam Ash, Marxism and Moral Concepts).Zbigniew Szawarski - 1968 - Etyka 3:253-263.
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  36. Samobójstwo I Eutanazja (S.E. Wallace, A. Eser (Eds.), Suicide and Euthanasia).Zbigniew Szawarski - 1984 - Etyka 21:201-205.
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  37. Samobójstwo: w poszukiwaniu definicji.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1988 - Etyka 23:27-61.
    After a presentation of over ten different cases of suicide the author gives a brief review of the definitions of suicide found in the literature. Then he suggests a definition of his own: ‘A wo/man commits a suicide if s/he consciously initiates a sequence of events leading to her/his death.’ This definition does not entail any value statement about the act of suicide. We may agree that some acts of terminating one’s life deliberately command admiration as feats of heroism, while (...)
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  38. Trzy stadia emotywistycznej teorii sporu etycznego.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1966 - Etyka 1:267-286.
    The article presents three stages of the emotive theory of ethical disagreement. Paragraph 1 deals with problems of ethical disagreement in the first stage of emotivism. Paragraph 2 shows Stevenson’s theory of ethical disagreement. Paragraph 3 discusses P. Edward’s conception. Confronting the successive stages of the emotive theory of ethical disagreement, the author finds no changes to have taken place in the characteristic definition of ethical disagreement as a disagreement in attitudes. But the theory of the resolution of ethical disagreement (...)
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  39. Wprowadzenie.Zbigniew Szawarski - 1980 - Etyka 18.
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  40. Wstęp do filozofii moralnej (J.D. Mabbott, An Introduction to Ethics).Zbigniew Szawarski - 1969 - Etyka 4:199-203.
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