Results for 'Zenil Hector'

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  1. A Computable Universe: Understanding and Exploring Nature as Computation.Hector Zenil - unknown
    A Computable Universe is a collection of papers discussing computation in nature and the nature of computation, a compilation of the views of the pioneers in the contemporary area of intellectual inquiry focused on computational and informational theories of the world. This volume is the definitive source of informational/computational views of the world, and of cutting-edge models of the universe, both digital and quantum, discussed from a philosophical perspective as well as in the greatest technical detail. The book discusses the (...)
     
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  2.  51
    Image Characterization and Classification by Physical Complexity.Hector Zenil, Jean-Paul Delahaye & Cédric Gaucherel - 2012 - Complexity 17 (3):26-42.
  3. On the Kolmogorov-Chaitin Complexity for Short Sequences.Hector Zenil - unknown
    This is a presentation about joint work between Hector Zenil and Jean-Paul Delahaye. Zenil presents Experimental Algorithmic Theory as Algorithmic Information Theory and NKS, put together in a mixer. Algorithmic Complexity Theory defines the algorithmic complexity k(s) as the length of the shortest program that produces s. But since finding this short program is in general an undecidable question, the only way to approach k(s) is to use compression algorithms. He shows how to use the Compress function (...)
     
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  4.  14
    A Behavioural Foundation for Natural Computing and a Programmability Test.Hector Zenil - 2013 - In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic Raffaela Giovagnoli (ed.), Computing Nature. pp. 87--113.
  5.  18
    Empirical Encounters with Computational Irreducibility and Unpredictability.Hector Zenil, Fernando Soler-Toscano & Joost J. Joosten - 2012 - Minds and Machines 22 (3):149-165.
    The paper presents an exploration of conceptual issues that have arisen in the course of investigating speed-up and slowdown phenomena in small Turing machines, in particular results of a test that may spur experimental approaches to the notion of computational irreducibility. The test involves a systematic attempt to outrun the computation of a large number of small Turing machines (3 and 4 state, 2 symbol) by means of integer sequence prediction using a specialized function for that purpose. The experiment prompts (...)
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  6.  50
    What Is Nature-Like Computation? A Behavioural Approach and a Notion of Programmability.Hector Zenil - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology (3):1-23.
    The aim of this paper is to propose an alternative behavioural definition of computation (and of a computer) based simply on whether a system is capable of reacting to the environment—the input—as reflected in a measure of programmability. This definition is intended to have relevance beyond the realm of digital computers, particularly vis-à-vis natural systems. This will be done by using an extension of a phase transition coefficient previously defined in an attempt to characterise the dynamical behaviour of cellular automata (...)
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  7. Randomness Through Computation: Some Answers, More Questions.Hector Zenil - unknown
    The book is intended to explain the larger and intuitive concept of randomness by means of computation, particularly through algorithmic complexity and recursion theory. It also includes the transcriptions (by A. German) of two panel discussion on the topics: Is The Universe Random?, held at the University of Vermont in 2007; and What is Computation? (How) Does Nature Compute?, held at the University of Indiana Bloomington in 2008. The book is intended to the general public, undergraduate and graduate students in (...)
     
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  8.  4
    What Is Nature-Like Computation? A Behavioural Approach and a Notion of Programmability.Hector Zenil - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (3):399-421.
    The aim of this paper is to propose an alternative behavioural definition of computation based simply on whether a system is capable of reacting to the environment—the input—as reflected in a measure of programmability. This definition is intended to have relevance beyond the realm of digital computers, particularly vis-à-vis natural systems. This will be done by using an extension of a phase transition coefficient previously defined in an attempt to characterise the dynamical behaviour of cellular automata and other systems. The (...)
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  9.  22
    On the Possible Computational Power of the Human Mind.Hector Zenil & Francisco Hernandez-Quiroz - 2007 - In Carlos Gershenson, Diederik Aerts & Bruce Edmonds (eds.), Worldviews, Science, and Us: Philosophy and Complexity. World Scientific. pp. 315--334.
  10.  44
    An Algorithmic Approach to Information and Meaning.Hector Zenil - unknown
    While it is legitimate to study ideas and concepts related to information in their broadest sense, that formal approaches properly belong in specific contexts is a fact that is too often ignored. That their use outside these contexts amounts to misuse or imprecise use cannot and should not be overlooked. This paper presents a framework based on algorithmic information theory for discussing concepts of relevance to information in philosophical contexts. Special attention will be paid to the intersection of syntactic and (...)
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  11. On the Dynamic Behaviour of Turing Universal Computing Systems.Hector Zenil - unknown
  12. Program-Size Complexity for Short Strings.Hector Zenil - unknown
  13. Towards a Stable Definition of Program-Size Complexity.Hector Zenil - unknown
    We propose a test based on the theory of algorithmic complexity and an experimental evaluation of Levin's universal distribution to identify evidence in support of or in contravention of the claim that the world is algorithmic in nature. To this end statistical comparisons are undertaken of the frequency distributions of data from physical sources--repositories of information such as images, data stored in a hard drive, computer programs and DNA sequences--and the output frequency distributions generated by purely algorithmic means--by running abstract (...)
     
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  14. Towards a Stable Definition of Algorithmic Randomness.Hector Zenil - unknown
    Although information content is invariant up to an additive constant, the range of possible additive constants applicable to programming languages is so large that in practice it plays a major role in the actual evaluation of K(s), the Kolmogorov complexity of a string s. We present a summary of the approach we've developed to overcome the problem by calculating its algorithmic probability and evaluating the algorithmic complexity via the coding theorem, thereby providing a stable framework for Kolmogorov complexity even for (...)
     
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  15. The World is Either Algorithmic or Mostly Random.Hector Zenil - unknown
    I will propose the notion that the universe is digital, not as a claim about what the universe is made of but rather about the way it unfolds. Central to the argument will be the concepts of symmetry breaking and algorithmic probability, which will be used as tools to compare the way patterns are distributed in our world to the way patterns are distributed in a simulated digital one. These concepts will provide a framework for a discussion of the informational (...)
     
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  16.  17
    A Computable Measure of Algorithmic Probability by Finite Approximations with an Application to Integer Sequences.Fernando Soler-Toscano & Hector Zenil - 2017 - Complexity:1-10.
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  17.  1
    The Information-Theoretic and Algorithmic Approach to Human, Animal, and Artificial Cognition.Jesper Tegnér, Hector Zenil & Nicolas Gauvrit - 2017 - In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Raffaela Giovagnoli (eds.), Representation of Reality: Humans, Other Living Organism and Intelligent Machines. Springer.
    We survey concepts at the frontier of research connecting artificial, animal, and human cognition to computation and information processing—from the Turing test to Searle’s Chinese room argument, from integrated information theory to computational and algorithmic complexity. We start by arguing that passing the Turing test is a trivial computational problem and that its pragmatic difficulty sheds light on the computational nature of the human mind more than it does on the challenge of artificial intelligence. We then review our proposed algorithmic (...)
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  18. Is There Any Real Substance to the Claims for a 'New Computationalism'?Alberto Hernandez-Espinosa, Hernandez-Quiroz Francisco & Zenil Hector - forthcoming - In CiE Computability in Europe 2017. Springer Verlag.
    'Computationalism' is a relatively vague term used to describe attempts to apply Turing's model of computation to phenomena outside its original purview: in modelling the human mind, in physics, mathematics, etc. Early versions of computationalism faced strong objections from many (and varied) quarters, from philosophers to practitioners of the aforementioned disciplines. Here we will not address the fundamental question of whether computational models are appropriate for describing some or all of the wide range of processes that they have been applied (...)
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  19. Information and Computation: Essays on Scientific and Philosophical Understanding of Foundations of Information and Computation.Gordana Dodig Crnkovic & Mark Burgin (eds.) - 2011 - World Scientific.
    Information is a basic structure of the world, while computation is a process of the dynamic change of information. This book provides a cutting-edge view of world's leading authorities in fields where information and computation play a central role. It sketches the contours of the future landscape for the development of our understanding of information and computation, their mutual relationship and the role in cognition, informatics, biology, artificial intelligence, and information technology. -/- This book is an utterly enjoyable and engaging (...)
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  20.  45
    Logic and the Complexity of Reasoning.Hector J. Levesque - 1988 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 17 (4):355 - 389.
  21.  32
    Knowledge and Belief: An Introduction to the Logic of the Two Notions.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1962 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 29 (3):132-134.
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  22. Agent, Language, and the Structure of the World Essays Presented to Hector-Neri Castañeda, with His Replies.Hector-Neri Castañeda & James B. Tomberlin - 1983
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  23.  3
    All I Know: A Study in Autoepistemic Logic.Hector J. Levesque - 1990 - Artificial Intelligence 42 (2-3):263-309.
  24. 'He': A Study in the Logic of Self-Consciousness.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1966 - Ratio (Misc.) 8 (December):130-157.
  25.  36
    Theology Without Metaphysics: God, Language, and the Spirit of Recognition.Kevin W. Hector - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Therapy for metaphysics -- Concepts, rules, and the spirit of recognition -- Meaning and meanings -- Reference and presence -- Truth and correspondence -- Emancipating theology.
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  26.  1
    On Our Best Behaviour.Hector J. Levesque - 2014 - Artificial Intelligence 213:27-35.
  27.  59
    Action, Knowledge, and Reality: Critical Studies in Honor of Wilfrid Sellars.Wilfrid Sellars & Hector-Neri Castañeda (eds.) - 1975 - Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
    Studies in Wilfrid Sellars' philosophy: Aune, B. Sellars on practical reason.--Castañeda, H.-N. Some reflections on Wilfrid Sellars' theory of intentions.--Donagan, A. Determinism and freedom: Sellars and the reconciliationist thesis.--Robinson, W. S. The legend of the given.--Clark, R. The sensuous content of perception.--Grossmann, R. Perceptual objects, elementary particles, and emergent properties.--Rosenberg, J. F. The elusiveness of categories, the Archimedean dilemma, and the nature of man: a study in Sellarsian metaphysics.--Turnbull, R. G. Things, natures, and properties.--Wells, R. The indispensable word "now."--Van Fraassen, (...)
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  28.  38
    Thinking and Doing: The Philosophical Foundations of Institutions.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1975 - D. Reidel Pub. Co..
    Philosophy is the search for the large patterns of the world and of the large patterns of experience, perceptual, theoretical, . . . , aesthetic, and practical - the patterns that, regardless of specific contents, characterize the main types of experience. In this book I carry out my search for the large patterns of practical experience: the experience of deliberation, of recognition of duties and their conflicts, of attempts to guide other person's conduct, of deciding to act, of influencing the (...)
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  29. Thinking and the Structure of the World: Hector-Neri Castañeda's Epistemic Ontology Presented and Criticized.Hector-Neri Castañeda, Klaus Jacobi & Helmut Pape (eds.) - 1990 - W. De Gruyter.
  30.  3
    Intention is Choice with Commitment.Philip R. Cohen & Hector J. Levesque - 1990 - Artificial Intelligence 42 (2-3):213-261.
  31. Der teleologische Gottesbeweis bei Kant und Hegel.Hector Ferreiro - 2018 - In Violetta Waibel, Margit Ruffing & David Wagner (eds.), Natur und Freiheit: Akten des XII. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 3411–3418.
    Die zweckmäßige Einheit der Dinge, nach der die Ordnung in der Welt so angesehen wird, als ob sie aus der Absicht eines vernünftigen Höchstwesens entstanden wäre, ist für Kant nur die höchste formale Einheit unseres Erkenntnisvermögens. Die Voraussetzung einer Intelligenz als der Ursache des Weltganzen ist aber nur ein heuristisches Prinzip, den besonderen Gesetzen der Natur nachzuforschen. Im Element des Subjekt-Objekt-Unterschieds ist die für Hegel implizite Unendlichkeit der Zweckmäßigkeit nicht begreifbar. Nur im logischen Raum der Vernünftigkeit als Identität der Bestimmtheit (...)
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  32.  67
    Über Kants Verbot der Selbsttötung.Hector Wittwer - 2001 - Kant-Studien 92 (2):180-209.
    In seinen moralphilosophischen Schriften hat Kant immer wieder die Selbsttötung als Beispiel für die Erläuterung ethischer Grundsätze gewählt. Daraus darf man schließen, daß er dem moralischen Problem des Suizids große Bedeutung beimaß. Dennoch liegt bis heute keine vollständige Darstellung seiner Argumente gegen die Erlaubtheit der Selbstvernichtung vor. Der vorliegende Aufsatz beabsichtigt, diese Lücke zu schließen. Zwar wird auch in der Literatur über Kants Ethik gelegentlich sein Suizidverbot behandelt, dabei überwiegt aber, wie mir scheint, das Interesse an der Interpretation des kategorischen (...)
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  33.  5
    Taking Sides: Jacques Rancière and Agonistic Literature.Hector Kollias - 2007 - Paragraph 30 (2):82-97.
    This article discusses Jacques Rancière's theory of literature as centred on an agonistic concept of literature, where literature is seen as a ‘positive contradiction’. This positive contradiction arises from what Rancière sees as literature's origins in the ‘errant letter’, which is conceived as an intrinsically democratic principle that, for Rancière, also results in the tendency of literature to incarnate the word and to propose an extra-textual truth which would signal the end of literature as democratic errancy. Asking whether it is (...)
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  34. Indicators and Quasi-Indicators.Hector-Neri Castaneda - 1967 - American Philosophical Quarterly 4 (2):85--100.
  35.  55
    Ligand Binding and Nuclear Receptor Evolution.Hector Escriva, Franck Delaunay & Vincent Laudet - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (8):717-727.
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  36.  8
    Queering It Right, Getting It Wrong.Hector Kollias - 2012 - Paragraph 35 (2):144-163.
    This article seeks to interrogate the moment of queer theory's ‘birth’ out of French influences, or what is designated by the umbrella term ‘French Theory’. It specifically points to the operations of transformation and dislocation, subversion and perversion of French theoretical influences at work in two distinctive ‘pairings’ of French ‘progenitor’ and American queer ‘offspring’: Jacques Derrida with Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick and Jacques Lacan with Judith Butler.
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  37. CASTANEDA, Hector-Neri (1924–1991).William J. Rapaport - 2005 - In John R. Shook (ed.), The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers, 1860-1960. Thoemmes Press.
    H´ector-Neri Casta˜neda-Calder´on (December 13, 1924–September 7, 1991) was born in San Vicente Zacapa, Guatemala. He attended the Normal School for Boys in Guatemala City, later called the Military Normal School for Boys, from which he was expelled for refusing to fight a bully; the dramatic story, worthy of being filmed, is told in the “De Re” section of his autobiography, “Self-Profile” (1986). He then attended a normal school in Costa Rica, followed by studies in philosophy at the University of San (...)
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  38.  52
    The Theory of Questions, Epistemic Powers, and the Indexical Theory of Knowledge.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1980 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5 (1):193-238.
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  39.  7
    Feeling Together and Caring with One Another: A Contribution to the Debate on Collective Affective Intentionality.Héctor Andrés Andrés Sánchez Guerrero - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
    This book examines the human ability to participate in moments of joint feeling. It presents an answer to the question concerning the nature of our faculty to share in what might be called episodes of collective affective intentionality. The proposal develops the claim that our capacity to participate in such episodes is grounded in an ability central to our human condition: our capacity to care with one another about certain things. The author provides a phenomenologically adequate account of collective affective (...)
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  40.  8
    Understanding the Causes of Adapting, and Failing to Adapt, to Time Pressure in a Complex Multistimulus Environment.Hector Palada, Andrew Neal, Rachel Tay & Andrew Heathcote - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 24 (3):380-399.
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  41.  56
    Hector-Neri Castañeda. Imperative Reasonings. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 21 No. 1 , Pp. 21–49. - B. A. O. Williams. Imperative Inference. I. Analysis , Vol. 23 Suppl. , Pp. 30–36. - P. T. Geach. Imperative Inference. II. Analysis , Vol. 23 Suppl. , Pp. 37–42. - Nicholas Rescher and John Robison. Can One Infer Commands From Commands?Analysis , Vol. 24 No. 5 , Pp. 176–179. - André Gombay. Imperative Inference and Disjunction. Analysis , Vol. 25 No. 3 , Pp. 58–62. - Lennart Åqvist. Choice-Offering and Alternative-Presenting Disjunctive Commands. Analysis , No. 5 , Pp. 182–184. - A. J. Kenny. Practical Inference. Analysis , Vol. 26 No. 3 , Pp. 65–75. - P. T. Geach. Dr. Kenny on Practical Inference. Analysis , Vol. 26 No. 3 , Pp. 76–79. - Yehoshua Bar-Hillel. Imperative Inference. Analysis , Vol. 26 No. 3 , Pp. 79–82. - André Gombay. What is Imperative Inference?Analysis , Vol. 27 No. 5 , Pp. 145–152. - R. M. Hare. Some Alleged Differences Between Imperatives and Indicat. [REVIEW]Jonathan Bennett - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):314-318.
  42.  10
    Polish Globalization of Polish Group Partial Actions.Hector Pinedo & Carlos Uzcátegui - 2017 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 63 (6):481-490.
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  43.  23
    Causes, Causity, and Energy.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1984 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):17-27.
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  44. On the Logic of Attributions of Self-Knowledge to Others.Hector-Neri Castaneda - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (15):439-456.
  45.  2
    Ist Es Vernünftig, Moralisch Zu Handeln?Héctor Wittwer - 2010 - De Gruyter.
    Main description: Verbreitet ist die Auffassung, dass es vernünftig ist, moralisch zu handeln, weil es unvernünftig ist, gegen moralische Normen zu verstoßen. Gegen diese Ansicht vertritt der Autor die These, dass es immer vernünftigerweise erlaubt ist, moralisch zu handeln, dass aber im Falle eines Konflikts zwischen Klugheitsgründen und moralischen Normen sowohl die moralische als auch die unmoralische Handlungsweise vernünftigerweise erlaubt sind.
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  46. Thinking and the Structure of the World.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1974 - Philosophia 4 (1):3-40.
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  47.  90
    Altruism in Suicide Terror Organizations.Hector N. Qirko - 2009 - Zygon 44 (2):289-322.
    In recent years, much has been learned about the strategic and organizational contexts of suicide attacks. However, motivations of the agents who commit them remain difficult to explain. In part this is because standard models of social learning as well as Durkheimian notions of sacrificial behavior are inadequate in the face of the actions of human bombers. In addition, the importance of organizational structures and practices in reinforcing commitment on the part of suicide recruits is an under-explored factor in many (...)
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  48.  61
    Catastrophe Theory as Applied to the Social and Biological Sciences: A Critique.Héctor J. Sussmann & Raphael S. Zahler - 1978 - Synthese 37 (2):117 - 216.
  49.  52
    Thinking, Language, And Experience.Hector-Neri CASTAÑEDA - 1989 - Minneapolis: University Of Minn Press.
  50. Teamwork.Philip R. Cohen & Hector J. Levesque - 1991 - Noûs 25 (4):487-512.
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