Results for 'Zhang Weihua'

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  1.  14
    Explaining the Term "Huang-Lao".Zhang Weihua - 2002 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 34 (1):61-81.
    In pre-Qin China, during the wrangling of the hundred schools, there was one current of thought that regarded Laozi as its founder and which, as we all know, enjoyed great influence in those days, as well as in all subsequent generations. Throughout history, this school of thought founded by Laozi has been referred to as Daoism, in the same way that the school headed by Confucius has been called Confucianism.
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  2.  22
    Xianglan Zhang. Transformation of Thinking on Modern Education: From Entity to Process.Shujun Bao & Ke Zhang - 2012 - Process Studies 41 (1):181-182.
  3. Why Tu Youyou Makes Less Money Than Zhang Ziyi?Qinghui Suo, Yang Liu & Daming Zhang - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1233-1235.
    Scientists normally earn less money than many other professions which require a similar amount of training and qualification. The economic theory of marginal utility and cost-benefit analysis can be applied to explain this phenomenon. Although scientists make less money than entertainment stars, the scientists do research work out of their interest and they also enjoy a much higher reputation and social status in some countries.
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  4. Chuan Tong de Zhang Li: Ru Xue Si Xiang Yu Jin Dai Wen Hua Bian Ge.Zhaojun Zhang - 2004 - Jilin Ren Min Chu Ban She.
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  5. Han Zhang Ji.Rulun Zhang - 2011 - Fu Dan da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  6. Luo Ji Zhe Xue Jiu Zhang =.Qingyu Zhang (ed.) - 2004 - Jing Xiao Jiangsu Sheng Xin Hua Shu Dian.
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  7. Shi Yi Ji: Zhang Kuiliang Wen Xuan.Kuiliang Zhang - 2010 - Heilongjiang da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  8. The Third Way (Zhang Junmai, a Foremost Advocate of Political Democracy with Socialist Economy in the 1930s and 1940s).R. L. Zhang - 2000 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 31 (4):32-45.
  9. Tong Wang Ai Zhi Zhi Men: Zhang Dainian Zi Zhuan.Dainian Zhang - 2011 - Beijing da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  10. Zhang Dainian Xuan Ji =.Dainian Zhang - 2005 - Jilin Ren Min Chu Ban She.
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  11. Zhang Shunhui Ru Xue Lun Ji.Shunhui Zhang - 2010 - Sichuan da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  12. Zhang Xutong Jie du "Guiguzi".Xutong Zhang - 2008 - Dong Fang Chu Ban She.
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  13. Zhang Yiren Xian Qin Shi Lun Ji.Yiren Zhang - 2010 - Shanghai Gu Ji Chu Ban She.
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  14. Zhang Yibin Zi Xuan Ji.Yibing Zhang - 2010 - Feng Huang Chu Ban She.
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  15. Zhang Zong Yi Jing Kan Tian Xia.Jianxiong Zhang - 2011 - Zhonghua Shu Ju (Xianggang) You Xian Gong Si.
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  16. Confucianism and Modernization: Industrialization and Democratization of the Confucian Regions.Wei-Bin Zhang - 1999 - St. Martin's Press.
    Wei-Bin Zhang offers an authoritative guide to the philosophy of Confucian regions, covering mainland China Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Vietnam, and Singapore. All, except Singapore, employed Confucianism as the state ideology before the West came to East Asia. The differences and similarities between the variety of Confucian schools are examined. The author concludes that the philosophical and ethical principles of Confucianism will assist in the industrialization and democratization of the region.
     
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  17.  14
    On Estimation of Functional Causal Models : General Results and Application to the Post-Nonlinear Causal Model.Kun Zhang, Zhikun Wang, Jiji Zhang & Bernhard Scholkopf - unknown
    Compared to constraint-based causal discovery, causal discovery based on functional causal models is able to identify the whole causal model under appropriate assumptions [Shimizu et al. 2006; Hoyer et al. 2009; Zhang and Hyvärinen 2009b]. Functional causal models represent the effect as a function of the direct causes together with an independent noise term. Examples include the linear non-Gaussian acyclic model, nonlinear additive noise model, and post-nonlinear model. Currently, there are two ways to estimate the parameters in the models: (...)
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  18.  29
    Bai, Tongdong 白彤東, New Mission of an Old State: Classical Confucian Political Philosophy in a Contemporary and Comparative Context 舊邦新命: 古今中西參考下的古典儒家政治哲學.Ellen Y. Zhang - 2010 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (4):465-469.
    Bai, Tongdong 白彤東, New Mission of an Old State: Classical Confucian Political Philosophy in a Contemporary and Comparative Context 舊邦新命: 古今中西參考下的古典儒家政治哲學 Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11712-010-9183-0 Authors Ellen Y. Zhang, Department of Religion and Philosophy, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong Journal Dao Online ISSN 1569-7274 Print ISSN 1540-3009 Journal Volume Volume 9 Journal Issue Volume 9, Number 4.
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  19.  15
    A Characterization of Markov Equivalence Classes for Ancestral Graphical Models.Jiji Zhang & Peter Spirtes - unknown
    JiJi Zhang and Peter Spirtes. A Characterization of Markov Equivalence Classes for Ancestral Graphical Models.
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  20.  9
    A Transformational Characterization of Markov Equivalence Between DAGs with Latent Variables.Jiji Zhang & Peter Spirtes - unknown
    JiJi Zhang and Peter Spirtes. A Transformational Characterization of Markov Equivalence between DAGs with Latent Variables.
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  21.  2
    “Translated, It Is: …” — An Ethics of Transreading.Huiwen Zhang - 2014 - Educational Theory 64 (5):479-495.
    Inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche's idea of philology and William Gass's concept of transreading, Huiwen (Helen) Zhang employs “transreader” to suggest the integration of four roles in one: reader, translator, writer, and scholar. “Transreader” recognizes that close reading, literary translation, creative writing, and cultural hermeneutics are interdependent activities with intertwined goals: to transfer, transvalue, transform, and transcend the canon. From this perspective, Lu Xun, China's Nietzsche, is a twentieth-century transreader of the canon, and his prose poem “Revenge (The Second)” delivers (...)
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  22. Dang Zhe Xue Yu Shang Jin Dai Wu Li Xue.Lide Zhang - 2010 - Shui Xing Wen Hua Shi Ye Chu Ban She.
    Zi xu -- Di 1 zhang yu zhou san yuan: xin, wu, neng -- Di 2 zhang jin dai wu li xue de zhe xue yi yi -- Di 3 zhang xin wu neng de ji ben te xing yu yu zhou ji ben fa ze -- Di 4 zhang yu zhou san jie -- Di 5 zhang yu zhou de sheng cheng bian hua -- Di 6 zhang zong jie yu ying yong.
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  23. Bottom-Up Recognition Learning: A Compilation-Based Model of Limited-Lookahead Learning.Todd R. Johnson, Jiajie Zhang & Hongbin Wang - 1994 - In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. pp. 469--474.
     
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  24.  39
    Bias in Peer Review.Carole J. Lee, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Guo Zhang & Blaise Cronin - 2013 - Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 64 (1):2-17.
    Research on bias in peer review examines scholarly communication and funding processes to assess the epistemic and social legitimacy of the mechanisms by which knowledge communities vet and self-regulate their work. Despite vocal concerns, a closer look at the empirical and methodological limitations of research on bias raises questions about the existence and extent of many hypothesized forms of bias. In addition, the notion of bias is predicated on an implicit ideal that, once articulated, raises questions about the normative implications (...)
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  25.  23
    Board Composition and Corporate Social Responsibility: An Empirical Investigation in the Post Sarbanes-Oxley Era. [REVIEW]Jason Q. Zhang, Hong Zhu & Hung-bin Ding - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (3):381-392.
    Although the composition of the board of directors has important implications for different aspects of firm performance, prior studies tend to focus on financial performance. The effects of board composition on corporate social responsibility (CSR) performance remain an under-researched area, particularly in the period following the enactment of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX). This article specifically examines two important aspects of board composition (i.e., the presence of outside directors and the presence of women directors) and their relationship with CSR (...)
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  26.  33
    Institutional Dynamics and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in an Emerging Country Context: Evidence From China. [REVIEW]Juelin Yin & Yuli Zhang - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (2):301-316.
    This study identifies unique corporate social responsibility (CSR) dimensions and develops a framework to analyze different levels of institutional dynamics in understanding CSR in China. Based on multiple case studies of 16 firms, the article examines the CSR philosophy and approach in China's emerging market. The findings suggest that Chinese CSR understanding is largely grounded in the context of ethical and discretionary actions. This focus is mainly attributed to the dominant role of ethical leadership, governmental dependency, and cultural traditions in (...)
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  27.  39
    Corporate Philanthropic Disaster Response and Ownership Type: Evidence From Chinese Firms' Response to the Sichuan Earthquake. [REVIEW]Ran Zhang, Zabihollah Rezaee & Jigao Zhu - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):51 - 63.
    This article examines whether the charitable giving amount and likelihood of firm response to catastrophic events relate to firms' ownership type using a unique dataset of listed firms in China, where state ownership is still prevalent. Based on the data of Chinese firms' response to the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, we find that the extent of corporate contributions for state-owned firms following this disaster is less than that for private firms. State-owned firms are also less likely to respond in this disaster (...)
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  28.  16
    Do Lenders Value Corporate Social Responsibility? Evidence From China.Kangtao Ye & Ran Zhang - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (2):197-206.
    Drawing on risk mitigation theory, this article examines whether the improvement of firms’ social performance reduces debt financing costs (CDFs) in China, the world’s largest emerging market. Employing both the ordinary least square (OLS) and the two-stage instrumental variable regression methods, we find that improved corporate social responsibility (CSR) reduces the CDF when firms’ CSR investment is lower than an optimal level; however, this relationship is reversed after the CSR investment exceeds the optimal level. Firms with extremely low or extremely (...)
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  29.  75
    Corporate Social Responsibility, Ownership Structure, and Political Interference: Evidence From China. [REVIEW]Wenjing Li & Ran Zhang - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (4):631 - 645.
    Prior research suggests that ownership structure is associated to corporate social responsibility (CSR) in developed countries. This article examines whether and how ownership structure affects CSR in emerging markets using Chinese firms' social responsibility ranking. Our empirical evidences show that for non-state-owned firms, corporate ownership dispersion is positively associated to CSR. However, for state-owned firms, whose controlling shareholder is the state, this relation is reversed. We attribute the reversed relationship to political interferences and further test this hypothesis by demonstrating that (...)
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  30. Isomorphic Representations Lead to the Discovery of Different Forms of a Common Strategy with Different Degrees of Generality.Jiajie Zhang, T. Johnson & Hongbin Wang - 1998 - In M. A. Gernsbacher & S. J. Derry (eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawerence Erlbaum.
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  31. Guanxi and Organizational Dynamics in China: A Link Between Individual and Organizational Levels.Yi Zhang & Zigang Zhang - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 67 (4):375-392.
    Guanxi in China is a very ancient concept embedded in the Confucian concept of life and one that is a ‚hot' topic in that it is currently attracting increasing attention from both Western and Chinese scholars. One aspect of Guanxi which has been the subject of most of the research of late is the influence of Guanxi on firm performance. However, relatively few studies have examined how Guanxi at the individual level is transferred into a firm to influence its financial (...)
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  32.  28
    Acquisition of Conscious and Unconscious Knowledge of Semantic Prosody.Xiuyan Guo, Li Zheng, Lei Zhu, Zhiliang Yang, Chao Chen, Lei Zhang, Wendy Ma & Zoltan Dienes - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):417-425.
    An experiment explored the acquisition of conscious and unconscious knowledge of semantic prosody in a second language under incidental and intentional learning conditions. Semantic prosody is the conotational coloring of the semantics of a word, largely uncaptured by dictionary definitions. Contrary to some claims in the literature, we revealed that both conscious and unconscious knowledge were involved in the acquisition of semantic prosody. Intentional learning resulted in similar unconscious but more conscious knowledge than incidental learning. The results are discussed in (...)
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  33.  11
    Antecedents of Abusive Supervision: A Meta-Analytic Review.Yucheng Zhang & Timothy C. Bednall - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
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  34.  83
    Decision-Making Process of Internal Whistleblowing Behavior in China: Empirical Evidence and Implications. [REVIEW]Julia Zhang, Randy Chiu & Liqun Wei - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):25-41.
    In response to the lack of empirical studies examining the internal disclosure behavior in the Chinese context, this study tested a whistleblowing -decision-making process among employees in the Chinese banking industry. For would-be whistleblowers, positive affect and organizational ethical culture were hypothesized to enhance the expected efficacy of their whistleblowing intention, by providing collective norms concerning legitimate, management-sanctioned behavior. Questionnaire surveys were collected from 364 employees in 10 banks in the Hangzhou City, China. By and large, the findings supported the (...)
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  35. Rational a Priori or Emotional a Priori? Husserl and Scheler's Criticisms of Kant Regarding the Foundation of Ethics.Wei Zhang - 2011 - Cultura 8 (2):143-158.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Cultura. International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology Jahrgang: 8 Heft: 2 Seiten: 143-158.
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  36.  61
    Detection of Unfaithfulness and Robust Causal Inference.Jiji Zhang & Peter Spirtes - 2008 - Minds and Machines 18 (2):239-271.
    Much of the recent work on the epistemology of causation has centered on two assumptions, known as the Causal Markov Condition and the Causal Faithfulness Condition. Philosophical discussions of the latter condition have exhibited situations in which it is likely to fail. This paper studies the Causal Faithfulness Condition as a conjunction of weaker conditions. We show that some of the weaker conjuncts can be empirically tested, and hence do not have to be assumed a priori. Our results lead to (...)
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  37. Distributed Cognition, Representation, and Affordance.Jiajie Zhang & Vimla L. Patel - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):333-341.
    This article describes a representation-based framework of distributed cognition. This framework considers distributed cognition as a cognitive system whose structures and processes are distributed between internal and external representations, across a group of individuals, and across space and time. The major issue for distributed research, under this framework, are the distribution, transformation, and propagation of information across the components of the distributed cognitive system and how they affect the performance of the system as a whole. To demonstrate the value of (...)
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  38.  2
    Unconscious Attention Modulates the Silencing Effect of Top-Down Predictions.Xu Chen, Guangming Ran, Qi Zhang & Tianqiang Hu - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 34:63-72.
  39. Qualitative Analysis of Content By.Yan Zhang & Barbara M. Wildemuth - 2005 - Analysis 1 (2):1-12.
    The article describes an approach of systematic, rule guided qualitative text analysis, which tries to preserve some methodological strengths of quantitative content analysis and widen them to a concept of qualitative procedure. First the development of content analysis is delineated and the basic principles are explained (units of analysis, step models, working with categories, validity and reliability). Then the central procedures of qualitative content analysis, inductive development of categories and deductive application of categories, are worked out. The possibilities of computer (...)
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  40.  45
    Specificity of Face Processing Without Awareness.Guomei Zhou, Lingxiao Zhang, Jinting Liu, Jiaoteng Yang & Zhe Qu - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):408-412.
    The recognition memory for inverted faces is especially difficult when compared with that for non-face stimuli. This face inversion effect has often been used as a marker of face-specific holistic processing. However, whether face processing without awareness is still specific remains unknown. The present study addressed this issue by examining the face inversion effect with the technique of binocular rivalry. Results showed that invisible upright faces could break suppression faster than invisible inverted faces. Nevertheless, no difference was found for invisible (...)
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  41.  9
    Critical Mass of Women on BODs, Multiple Identities, and Corporate Philanthropic Disaster Response: Evidence From Privately Owned Chinese Firms.Ming Jia & Zhe Zhang - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (2):303-317.
    Although previous studies focus on the role of women in the boardroom and corporate response to natural disasters, none evaluate how women directors influence corporate philanthropic disaster response (CPDR). This study collects data on the philanthropic responses of privately owned Chinese firms to the Wenchuan earthquake of May 12, 2008, and the Yushu earthquake of April 14, 2010. We find that when at least three women serve on a board of directors (BOD), their companies’ responses to natural disasters are more (...)
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  42.  6
    Corporate Social Responsibility in China: Implementation and Challenges.Johan Graafland & Lei Zhang - 2014 - Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (1):34-49.
    Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is becoming increasingly important in China. This paper investigates the implementation of instruments for dimensions of CSR that are relevant for the Chinese context and the challenges that Chinese companies face. Based on a survey among 109 Chinese companies, we find that formal instruments to implement CSR are rather common. Companies spend most effort in improving the economic aspects of CSR, such as competitiveness, product innovation and process innovation. Only a small minority of the companies set (...)
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  43.  3
    The Working Memory Ponzo Illusion: Involuntary Integration of Visuospatial Information Stored in Visual Working Memory.Mowei Shen, Haokui Xu, Haihang Zhang, Rende Shui, Meng Zhang & Jifan Zhou - 2015 - Cognition 141:26-35.
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  44.  20
    What Do You Think I Think You Think?: Strategic Reasoning in Matrix Games.Trey Hedden & Jun Zhang - 2002 - Cognition 85 (1):1-36.
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  45.  11
    The Nature of External Representations in Problem Solving.Jiajie Zhang - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (2):179-217.
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  46.  29
    The Three Faces of Faithfulness.Jiji Zhang & Peter Spirtes - 2016 - Synthese 193 (4):1011-1027.
    In the causal inference framework of Spirtes, Glymour, and Scheines, inferences about causal relationships are made from samples from probability distributions and a number of assumptions relating causal relations to probability distributions. The most controversial of these assumptions is the Causal Faithfulness Assumption, which roughly states that if a conditional independence statement is true of a probability distribution generated by a causal structure, it is entailed by the causal structure and not just for particular parameter values. In this paper we (...)
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  47.  76
    A Lewisian Logic of Causal Counterfactuals.Jiji Zhang - 2013 - Minds and Machines 23 (1):77-93.
    In the artificial intelligence literature a promising approach to counterfactual reasoning is to interpret counterfactual conditionals based on causal models. Different logics of such causal counterfactuals have been developed with respect to different classes of causal models. In this paper I characterize the class of causal models that are Lewisian in the sense that they validate the principles in Lewis’s well-known logic of counterfactuals. I then develop a system sound and complete with respect to this class. The resulting logic is (...)
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  48.  17
    A Representational Analysis of Numeration Systems.Jiajie Zhang & Donald A. Norman - 1995 - Cognition 57 (3):271-295.
  49.  7
    Representations in Distributed Cognitive Tasks.Jiaje Zhang & Donald A. Norman - 1994 - Cognitive Science 18 (1):87-122.
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  50.  27
    A Comparison of Personal Values of Chinese Accounting Practitioners and Students.George Lan, Zhenzhong Ma, JianAn Cao & He Zhang - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):59 - 76.
    This study examines the personal values and value types of Chinese accounting practitioners and students, using the values survey questionnaire developed and validated by Schwartz (1992, Advances in Experimental Social Psychology 25, 1–65). A total of 454 accounting practitioners and 126 graduate accounting students participated in the study. The results show that Healthy, Family Security, Self-Respect, and Honoring of Parents and Elders are the top four values for both accounting practitioners and accounting students, although these values are not ranked in (...)
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