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Zhuoyao Li
St. John's University
  1.  14
    Political Liberalism, Confucianism, and the Future of Democracy in East Asia.Zhuoyao Li - 2020 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
    This book contributes to both the internal debate in liberalism and the application of political liberalism to the process of democratization in East Asia. Beyond John Rawls’ original intention to limit the scope of political liberalism to only existing and well-ordered liberal democracies, political liberalism has the potential to inspire and contribute to democratic establishment and maintenance in East Asia. Specifically, the book has two main objectives. First, it will demonstrate that political liberalism offers the most promising vision for liberal (...)
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  2.  9
    Political Confucianism and Multivariate Democracy in East Asia.Zhuoyao Li - 2019 - The Review of Politics 3 (81):459-483.
    Sungmoon Kim’s pragmatic Confucian democracy tries to provide a mediating position between the instrumental model and the intrinsic model of democracy. However, this model of Confucian democracy is problematic because it fails to justify the unique role Confucianism plays in accommodating democracy when it is one among many comprehensive doctrines in East Asia. To be truly pragmatic about democracy is to hold a pluralistic attitude toward how people will come to terms with it. This article aims to push the pragmatic (...)
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  3.  12
    The Discontents of Moderate Political Confucianism and the Future of Democracy in East Asia.Zhuoyao Li - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1193-1218.
    Modern Confucian political philosophy has long been divided between the more comprehensive branch of theories that prioritize Confucian classics and traditions and the more moderate branch of theories that attempt to modernize Confucianism so as to better accommodate contemporary East Asian societies.1 Recently, Joseph Chan and Sungmoon Kim, two leading thinkers from the latter camp proposed their distinct approaches to advocate what for them are the most promising versions of political Confucianism. Chan advances what he calls "Confucian political perfectionism," which (...)
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  4.  10
    Against Political Equality: The Confucian Case by Tongdong Bai.Zhuoyao Li - 2021 - Philosophy East and West 71 (1):1-3.
    The rise of populism and the decline of western liberal democracies in the recent decade have pushed many contemporary Confucian political theorists to re-examine the relationship between Confucianism and liberal democracy. On the one hand, whether or not Confucianism and liberal democracy are strictly compatible with each other is no longer important to many. Instead, it is theoretically more interesting and practically more urgent to try and explore the best of both worlds. On the other hand, if the relationship can (...)
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  5.  14
    Confucian Meritocracy, Political Legitimacy and Constitutional Democracy.Zhuoyao Li - 2020 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 46 (9):1076-1092.
    The article will argue that neither what may be called ‘multiple legitimacies’ nor what Leigh Jenco refers to as the hybrid view of legitimacy provides substantial guidance in reconceiving legitima...
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  6.  18
    Epistemic Reasonableness and Respect for Persons.Zhuoyao Li - 2019 - Theoria 66 (161):66-90.
    Recent discussions by Martha Nussbaum and Steven Wall shed new light on the concept of reasonableness in political liberalism and whether the inclusion of epistemic elements in the concept necessarily makes political liberalism lose its antiperfectionist appeal. This article argues that Nussbaum’s radical solution to eliminate the epistemic component of reasonableness is neither helpful nor necessary. Instead, adopting a revised understanding of epistemic reasonableness in terms of a weak view of rationality that is procedural, external and second-order rather than a (...)
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  7.  7
    Pluralism, Confucianism, and Democracy.Zhuoyao Li - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 2 (8):280-294.
    This paper aims to connect the issues of pluralism, Confucianism, and democracy in East Asia. Through engaging with empirical evidence, I will argue that although Confucianism still has a strong yet shallow moral and cultural hold on East Asian societies, it no longer has dominance over how citizens in East Asian societies envision their political future. Then, I will examine the idea of pluralism and argue that neither the Confucian classicists nor the liberal-minded Confucian political theorists take pluralism truly seriously, (...)
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  8. Between Confucianism and Democracy: A Response to Sungmoon Kim.Zhuoyao Li - 2019 - The Review of Politics 3 (81):493-497.
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  9.  7
    Pluralism, Confucianism, and Democracy.Zhuoyao Li - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):280-294.
    This paper aims to connect the issues of pluralism, Confucianism, and democracy in East Asia. Through engaging with empirical evidence, I will argue that although Confucianism still has a strong yet shallow moral and cultural hold on East Asian societies, it no longer has dominance over how citizens in East Asian societies envision their political future. Then, I will examine the idea of pluralism and argue that neither the Confucian classicists nor the liberal-minded Confucian political theorists take pluralism truly seriously, (...)
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  10.  17
    Review Essay: Continue the Rawlsian Project After Rawls. [REVIEW]Zhuoyao Li - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (8):877-883.
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