36 found
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  1.  33
    One Health and Culling as a Public Health Measure.Zohar Lederman - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (1):5-23.
    One of most pertinent and acute risks that the world is now facing is emerging or re-emerging zoonotic diseases. This article focuses on culling as a measure for zoonotic disease control, specifically the culling of 11,000 badgers as part of the Randomized Badger Culling Trial in the UK and the culling exercises in Singapore. The independent expert panel that devised the UK study concluded that reactive culling was ineffective in reducing the cases of bovine tuberculosis in cattle. The panel also (...)
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  2.  19
    Culling and the Common Good: Re-Evaluating Harms and Benefits Under the One Health Paradigm.Chris Degeling, Zohar Lederman & Melanie Rock - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (3):244-254.
    One Health is a novel paradigm that recognizes that human and non-human animal health is interlinked through our shared environment. Increasingly prominent in public health responses to zoonoses, OH differs from traditional approaches to animal-borne infectious risks, because it also aims to promote the health of animals and ecological systems. Despite the widespread adoption of OH, culling remains a key component of institutional responses to the risks of zoonoses. Using the threats posed by highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses to human (...)
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  3.  30
    One Health, Vaccines and Ebola: The Opportunities for Shared Benefits.Benjamin Capps & Zohar Lederman - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (6):1011-1032.
    The 2013 Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, as of writing, is declining in reported human cases and mortalities. The resulting devastation caused highlights how health systems, in particular in West Africa, and in terms of global pandemic planning, are ill prepared to react to zoonotic pathogens. In this paper we propose One Health as a strategy to prevent zoonotic outbreaks as a shared goal: that human and Great Ape vaccine trials could benefit both species. Only recently have two phase (...)
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  4.  16
    Introducing One Health to the Ethical Debate About Zoonotic Diseases in Southeast Asia.Benjamin Capps, Michele Marie Bailey, David Bickford, Richard Coker, Zohar Lederman, Andrew Lover, Tamra Lysaght & Paul Tambyah - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (8):588-596.
    Pandemic plans recommend phases of response to an emergent infectious disease outbreak, and are primarily aimed at preventing and mitigating human-to-human transmission. These plans carry presumptive weight and are increasingly being operationalized at the national, regional and international level with the support of the World Health Organization. The conventional focus of pandemic preparedness for EIDs of zoonotic origin has been on public health and human welfare. However, this focus on human populations has resulted in strategically important disciplinary silos. As the (...)
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  5.  15
    The Bioethics of Loneliness.Zohar Lederman - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (5):446-455.
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  6.  12
    One Health and Paradigms of Public Biobanking.Benjamin Capps & Zohar Lederman - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (3):258-262.
  7.  10
    Expanding a Shared Benefit Approach in One Health Research.Zohar Lederman & Benjamin Capps - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):47-49.
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  8.  27
    Prisoners’ Competence to Die: Hunger Strike and Cognitive Competence.Zohar Lederman - 2018 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 39 (4):321-334.
    Several bioethicists have recently advocated the force-feeding of prisoners, based on the assumption that prisoners have reduced or no autonomy. This assumed lack of autonomy follows from a decrease in cognitive competence, which, in turn, supposedly derives from imprisonment and/or being on hunger strike. In brief, causal links are made between imprisonment or voluntary total fasting and mental disorders and between mental disorders and lack of cognitive competence. I engage the bioethicists that support force-feeding by severing both of these causal (...)
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  9.  8
    The Minnesota Starvation Experiment and Force Feeding of Prisoners—Relying on Unethical Research to Justify the Unjustifiable.Zohar Lederman & Teck Chuan Voo - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (3):407-416.
    This article poses a response to one argument supporting the force feeding of political prisoners. This argument assumes that prisoners have moral autonomy and thus cannot be force fed in the early stages of their hunger strike. However, as their fasting progresses, their cognitive competence declines, and they are no longer autonomous. Since they are no longer autonomous, force feeding becomes justified. This article questions the recurrent citation of a paper in empirical support of the claim that hunger strike causes (...)
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  10.  32
    Family Presence During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Who Should Decide?Zohar Lederman, Mirko Garasic & Michelle Piperberg - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (5):315-319.
    Whether to allow the presence of family members during cardiopulmonary resuscitation has been a highly contentious topic in recent years. Even though a great deal of evidence and professional guidelines support the option of family presence during resuscitation , many healthcare professionals still oppose it. One of the main arguments espoused by the latter is that family members should not be allowed for the sake of the patient's best interests, whether it is to increase his chances of survival, respect his (...)
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  11.  7
    One Health Ethics: A Response to Pragmatism.Zohar Lederman & Benjamin Capps - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):632-633.
    Johnson and Degeling have recently enquired whether one health requires a comprehensive normative framework, concluding that such a framework, while not necessary, may be helpful. In this commentary, we provide a context for this debate, and describe how pragmatism has been predominant in the OH literature. We nevertheless argue that articulating a comprehensive normative theory to ground OH practice might clear existing vagueness and provide stronger guidance in relevant health dilemmas. A comprehensive theory will also be needed eventually to ground (...)
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  12.  19
    Responding to a Public Health Objection to Vaccinating the Great Apes.Benjamin Capps & Zohar Lederman - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (5):883-895.
    Capps and Lederman, in a paper published in this journal in 2015, argued that, at the time, the dismal circumstances of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa was an opportunity to revisit public health responses to emergent infectious diseases. Using a One Health lens, they argued for an ecological perspective—one that looked to respond to zoonoses as an environmental as well as public health concern. Using Ebola virus disease as an example, they suggested shared immunity as a strategy to vaccinate (...)
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  13.  6
    The Land of No Milk and No Honey: Force Feeding in Israel.Zohar Lederman & Shmuel Lederman - 2017 - Monash Bioethics Review 34 (3-4):158-188.
    In 2015, the Israeli Knesset passed the force-feeding act that permits the director of the Israeli prison authority to appeal to the district court with a request to force-feed a prisoner against his expressed will. A recent position paper by top Israeli clinicians and bioethicists, published in Hebrew, advocates for force-feeding by medical professionals and presents several arguments that this would be appropriate. Here, we first posit three interrelated questions: 1. Do prisoners have a right to hunger-strike? 2. Should governing (...)
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  14.  5
    Justice in Control of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Transmission: A Fair Question to Ask?Zohar Lederman & Teck Chuan Voo - 2020 - Monash Bioethics Review 38 (Suppl 1):56-71.
    Active surveillance cultures and contact precautions is a strategy to control the transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus within healthcare facilities. Whether to implement this strategy to routinely screen and isolate inpatients with MRSA in non-outbreak settings, or to remove it and use standard infection control precautions only is scientifically and ethically controversial, in view of the potential adverse effects of contact precautions on patients. To support the use of standard precautions only, it has been argued that active surveillance to identify (...)
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  15. Guest Editorial.Chris Degeling & Zohar Lederman - 2019 - Monash Bioethics Review 37 (1-2):1-3.
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  16.  13
    Family Presence During Resuscitation: Extending Ethical Norms From Paediatrics to Adults.Christine Vincent & Zohar Lederman - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (10):676-678.
    Many families of patients hold the view that it is their right to be present during a loved one's resuscitation, while the majority of patients also express the comfort and support they would feel by having them there. Currently, family presence is more commonly accepted in paediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation than adult CPR. Even though many guidelines are in favour of this practice and recognise potential benefits, healthcare professionals are hesitant to support adult family presence to the extent that paediatric family (...)
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  17.  27
    The Responsibility to Prevent, the Duty to Educate.Zohar Lederman, Alexandra Cernat, Eleonora Gregori Ferri, Franco Galbo, Guiomar Micol Andrea Levi-Setti, Mayli Mertens, Bryanna Moore, Olga Riklikiene, Jamie Vescio & Sheena Eagan Chamberlin - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (3):233-236.
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  18.  2
    One Health Goes to India.Zohar Lederman - 2017 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (3):457-463.
    In this paper, the author reports on a One Health trip to India that he recently led as part of Yale-NUS Learning Across Boundaries Program. It is an attempt not only to integrate OH education into non-medical programs but also to integrate environmental ethics education into OH curricula.
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  19.  19
    Doing Right: A Practical Guide to Ethics for Medical Trainees and Physicians, 4th Edition Philip C. Hebert and Wayne Rosen Oxford University Press, New York, NY, 2020. ISBNs CA9031337A, 432 Pp. [REVIEW]Zohar Lederman - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (2):225-226.
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  20.  2
    A Close Shave: Balancing Religious Tolerance and Patient Care in the Age of COVID-19.Zohar Lederman & Miki Halberthal - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-9.
    In this essay we discuss an ethical dilemma that recently arose in our institution, involving healthcare workers who lamented the requirement to shave their facial hair as a condition to care for COVID-19 patients. The essay represents a genuine attempt to grapple with the dilemma sensibly and vigorously. We first provide a brief introduction, focusing on the tension between religious tolerance and the institutional obligation to optimize patient care and public health in the age of COVID-19. We then discuss the (...)
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  21.  4
    Responsibility and Vaccine Nationalism in the Israeli‐Palestinian Conflict.Zohar Lederman, Ghada Majadli & Shmuel Lederman - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
  22.  5
    Stamping Out Animal Culling: From Anthropocentrism to One Health Ethics.Zohar Lederman, Manuel Magalhães-Sant’Ana & Teck Chuan Voo - 2021 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 34 (5):1-14.
    Culling is used in traditional public health policies to control animal populations. These policies aim primarily to protect human interests but often fail to provide scientific evidence of effectiveness. In this article, we defend the need to move from a strictly anthropocentric approach to disease control towards a One Health ethics, using culling practices as an example. We focus on the recent badger culls in the UK, claiming that, based on data provided by the English Government, these culls may be (...)
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  23.  29
    Is Israel Its Brother’s Keeper? Responsibility and Solidarity in the Israeli–Palestinian Conflict.Zohar Lederman, Emily Shepp & Shmuel Lederman - 2018 - Public Health Ethics 11 (1):103-120.
    This article examines the Israeli government’s role in supporting living conditions conducive to health in the occupied Palestinian territories. Limiting the discussion to public health, the authors argue that—whether justified in its overall political policy—the Israeli government and people are legally and ethically obligated to care for the well-being of the Palestinian people. The authors first review the current situation in the OPT and compare health statistics with Israel. Next, the authors make three arguments as to why the Israeli government (...)
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  24.  43
    Amoralist Rationalism? A Response to Joel Marks: Commentary on “Animal Abolitionism Meets Moral Abolitionism: Cutting the Gordian Knot of Applied Ethics” by Joel Marks.Zohar Lederman - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):115-116.
    In a recent article, Joel Marks presents the amoralist argument against vivisection, or animal laboratory experimentation. He argues that ethical theories that seek to uncover some universal morality are in fact useless and unnecessary for ethical deliberations meant to determine what constitutes an appropriate action in a specific circumstance. I agree with Marks’ conclusion. I too believe that vivisection is indefensible, both from a scientific and philosophical perspective. I also believe that we should become vegan (unfortunately, like the two philosophers (...)
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  25. Responsibility and Vaccine Nationalism in the Israeli‐Palestinian Conflict.Zohar Lederman, Ghada Majadli & Shmuel Lederman - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
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  26. Responsibility and Vaccine Nationalism in the Israeli‐Palestinian Conflict.Zohar Lederman, Ghada Majadli & Shmuel Lederman - forthcoming - Wiley: Developing World Bioethics.
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  27.  8
    Patient Isolation During Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Arguments for Physical Family Presence.Teck Chuan Voo, Zohar Lederman & Sharon Kaur - 2020 - Public Health Ethics 13 (2):133-142.
    This article argues that outbreak preparedness and response should implement a ‘family presence’ policy for infected patients in isolation that includes the option of physical visits and care within the isolation facility under some conditions. While such a ‘physical family presence’ policy could increase infections during an outbreak and may raise moral dilemmas, we argue that it is ethically justified based on the least infringement principle and the need to minimize the harms and burdens of isolation as a restrictive measure. (...)
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  28.  11
    A Call From Justice to Support the People in Gaza.Zohar Lederman, Shmuel Lederman & Emily Shepp Daniels - 2019 - Developing World Bioethics 19 (2):116-122.
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  29.  6
    Family for Life and Death: Family Presence During Resuscitation.Zohar Lederman - 2019 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 12 (2):149-164.
    The dilemma of whether to allow relatives to see or even touch their loved one while she undergoes cardiopulmonary resuscitation has been discussed for roughly four decades. However, Family Presence During Adult Resuscitation is still not widely implemented. In this paper, I espouse relational autonomy to make a case for a clinical approach of family-centered care and FPDR. In recent years, family-centered care has gained increasing support. I argue that relational autonomy provides a conceptual framework for both FCC and FPDR. (...)
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  30.  16
    After-Birth Abortion: The Intuition Argument.Zohar Lederman - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):5-5.
    The argument advanced by Giubilini and Minerva is an important one, but it suffers from some shortcomings. I briefly criticise their reasoning and method and argue that after birth abortion should be limited largely to infants with disabilities. My argument is based not on solid scientific evidence or cold rational reasoning but on intuition, something that has long been discounted as irrelevant in biomedical discourse. I end with a recommendation to all of us: in order to make a change, one (...)
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  31.  13
    Zoobiquity: What Animals Can Teach Us About Health and the Science of Healing. [REVIEW]Zohar Lederman & Jessica Hanser - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (1):173-176.
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  32.  11
    A New Environmental Ethics — The Next Millennium for Life of Earth by Holmes Rolston III.Lisbeth Witthøfft Nielsen & Zohar Lederman - 2013 - Asian Bioethics Review 5 (4):385-388.
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  33.  6
    Together We Lived, and Alone You Died: Loneliness and Solidarity in Gaza.Zohar Lederman - 2021 - Developing World Bioethics 21 (1):17-24.
    Developing World Bioethics, Volume 21, Issue 1, Page 17-24, March 2021.
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  34.  11
    Communitarianism and Presumed Consent.Zohar Lederman - 2014 - Asian Bioethics Review 6 (3):302-314.
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  35.  7
    Too Much of a Good Thing.Zohar Lederman - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):667-668.
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  36.  4
    Attitudes of Singapore Emergency Department Staff Towards Family Presence During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.Zohar Lederman, Geraldine Baird, Chaoyan Dong, Benjamin S. H. Leong & Rakhee Y. Pal - 2017 - Clinical Ethics 12 (3):124-134.
    BackgroundFamily presence during adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation is still not widely implemented. Based on empirical evidence, various national and international professional organizations recommend allowing relatives to be present during resuscitation. However, healthcare providers worldwide are still reluctant to make it standard care.PurposeThis paper is a part of an ongoing cross-cultural study that aims to solicit attitudes of healthcare providers working in emergency departments towards family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This paper reports the qualitative data from surveying healthcare providers working in an (...)
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