Results for 'absurdity'

365 found
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  1.  4
    Ph Ilosophi Cal Abstracts.Meditations Leibnitziennes, Meaning Vagueness & Haig Absurdity - 1965 - American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (2).
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  2. Hobbes on Language: Propositions, Truth, and Absurdity.Stewart Duncan - 2016 - In A. P. Martinich & Kinch Hoekstra (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes. Oxford University Press. pp. 57-72.
    Language was central to Hobbes's understanding of human beings and their mental abilities, and criticism of other philosophers' uses of language became a favorite critical tool for him. This paper connects Hobbes's theories about language to his criticisms of others' language, examining Hobbes's theories of propositions and truth, and how they relate to his claims that various sorts of proposition are absurd. It considers whether Hobbes in fact means anything more by 'absurd' than 'false'. And it pays particular attention to (...)
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  3.  84
    Transcending Absurdity.Joe Mintoff - 2008 - Ratio 21 (1):64–84.
    Many of us experience the activities which fill our everyday lives as meaningful, and to do so we must (and do) hold them to be important. However, reflection undercuts this confidence: our activities are aimed at ends which are arbitrary, in that we have reason to regard our taking them so seriously as lacking justification; they are comparatively insignificant; and they leave little of any real permanence. Even though we take our activities seriously, and our everyday lives to be important, (...)
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  4.  31
    Predictive Testing and Existential Absurdity: Resonances Between Experiences Around Genetic Diagnosis and the Philosophy of Albert Camus.Rouven Porz & Guy Widdershoven - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (6):342-350.
    Predictive genetic testing may confront those affected with difficult life situations that they have not experienced before. These life situations may be interpreted as ‘absurd’. In this paper we present a case study of a predictive test situation, showing the perspective of a woman going through the process of deciding for or against taking the test, and struggling with feelings of alienation. To interpret her experiences, we refer to the concept of absurdity, developed by the French Philosopher Albert Camus. (...)
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  5.  95
    Wittgenstein, Moorean Absurdity and its Disappearance From Speech.John N. Williams - 2006 - Synthese 149 (1):225-254.
    G. E. Moore famously observed that to say, “ I went to the pictures last Tuesday but I don’t believe that I did” would be “absurd”. Why should it be absurd of me to say something about myself that might be true of me? Moore suggested an answer to this, but as I will show, one that fails. Wittgenstein was greatly impressed by Moore’s discovery of a class of absurd but possibly true assertions because he saw that it illuminates “the (...)
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  6.  67
    Wittgensteinian Accounts of Moorean Absurdity.John N. Williams - 1998 - Philosophical Studies 92 (3):283-306.
    (A) I went to the pictures last Tuesday but I don’t believe that I did (1942, p. 543) or (B) I believe that he has gone out. But he has not (1944, p. 204) would be “absurd” (1942, p. 543; 1944, p. 204). Wittgenstein’s letters to Moore show that he was intensely interested in this discovery of a class of possibly true yet absurd assertions. Wittgenstein thought that the absurdity is important because it is “something similar to a contradiction, (...)
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  7.  60
    Animal Ethics and the Argument From Absurdity.Elisa Aaltola - 2010 - Environmental Values 19 (1):79-98.
    Arguments for the inherent value, equality of interests,or rights of non-human animals have presented a strong challenge for the anthropocentric worldview. However, they have been met with criticism.One form of criticism maintains that,regardless of their theoretical consistency,these 'pro-animal arguments' cannot be accepted due to their absurdity. Often, particularly inter-species interest conflicts are brought to the fore: if pro-animal arguments were followed,we could not solve interest conflicts between species,which is absurd. Because of this absurdity, the arguments need to be (...)
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  8.  75
    Camus and Nietzsche on Politics in an Age of Absurdity.Sean Derek Illing - 2014 - European Journal of Political Theory:1474885114562977.
    This article examines the significance of Friedrich Nietzsche to Albert Camus’ concepts of absurdity and revolt. It rests on three related claims. First, that Nietzsche’s critique of metaphysics is the point of departure for Camus’ absurdist inquiries. Second, that Camus’ philosophy of revolt is informed in crucial ways by Nietzsche’s views on the sources of moral and intellectual authority in the modern world. Finally, that Camusian revolt is an attempt to deal with the political crisis of foundationalism in a (...)
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  9.  81
    Absurdity and Suicide.Daniel Shaw - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:209-223.
    Camus’ central thesis in The Myth of Sisyphus is that suicide is not the proper response to, nor is it the solution of, the problem of absurdity. Yet many of his literary protagonists either commit suicide or are self-destructive in other ways. I argue that the protagonists that best live up to the characteristics of the absurd man that Camus outlines in the Myth uniformly either commit suicide or consent to their destruction by behaving in such a manner as (...)
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  10.  24
    Melancholy and Nausea: From Destiny as the Basis of Tragic Character to Existential Absurdity.Thiago Rodrigues - 2014 - Trans/Form/Ação 37 (2):185-196.
    A partir da perspectiva intelectualista grega, na qual o dualismo entre corpo e alma requer o primado do discurso racional [lógos] em detrimento do páthos filosófico, busca-se com este artigo associar a noção de "desmedida" [hybris] com a noção de melancolia. Essa associação ganha ainda mais relevo, quando a aproximamos da interpretação de Simone Weil para o poema épico de Homero, a Ilíada. Se essa aproximação se justifica, então é patente a aproximação entre o caráter trágico que o destino adquire, (...)
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  11.  14
    A Lindström-Style Theorem for Finitary Propositional Weak Entailment Languages with Absurdity.Guillermo Badia - 2016 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 24 (2):115-137.
    Following a result by De Rijke for modal logic, it is shown that the basic weak entailment model-theoretic language with absurdity is the maximal model-theoretic language having the finite occurrence property, preservation under relevant directed bisimulations and the finite depth property. This can be seen as a generalized preservation theorem characterizing propositional weak entailment formulas among formulas of other model-theoretic languages.
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  12.  67
    Absurdity, Incongruity and Laughter.Bob Plant - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (1):111-134.
    In "The Myth of Sisyphus", Camus recommends scornful defiance in the face of our absurd, meaningless existence. Although Nagel agrees that human life possesses an absurd dimension, he objects to Camus' existentialist 'dramatics'. For Nagel, absurdity arises from the irreducible tension between our subjective and objective perspectives on life. In this paper I do two things: (i) critically reconstruct Camus' and Nagel's positions, and (ii) develop Nagel's critique of Camus in order to argue that humour is an appropriate response (...)
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  13.  23
    Absurdity and Spanning.Charles Sayward & Stephen H. Voss - 1972 - Philosophia 2 (3):227-238.
    On the basis of observations J. J. C. Smart once made concerning the absurdity of sentences like 'The seat of the bed is hard', a plausible case can be made that there is little point to developing a theory of types, particularly one of the sort envisaged by Fred Sommers. The authors defend such theories against this objection by a partial elucidation of the distinctions between the concepts of spanning and predicability and between category mistakenness and absurdity in (...)
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  14.  11
    Absurdity and Revolt in Cormac McCarthy's The Road.Michael Keren - 2012 - Phaenex 7 (1):221-243.
    Camus’ notions of absurdity and revolt remain relevant today, especially with respect to very recent developments in the growing role of electronic and digital mass media. Cormac McCarthy’s 2006 novel The Road , describing a father and child’s journey after the world as we know it has been destroyed, is used to highlight the nature of absurdity and revolt in their updated early 21 st century version.
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  15.  4
    Camus and Nietzsche on Politics in an Age of Absurdity.S. Derek Illing - 2014 - European Journal of Political Theory.
    This article examines the significance of Friedrich Nietzsche to Albert Camus’ concepts of absurdity and revolt. It rests on three related claims. First, that Nietzsche’s critique of metaphysics is the point of departure for Camus’ absurdist inquiries. Second, that Camus’ philosophy of revolt is informed in crucial ways by Nietzsche’s views on the sources of moral and intellectual authority in the modern world. Finally, that Camusian revolt is an attempt to deal with the political crisis of foundationalism in a (...)
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  16.  21
    At the Centre of Kierkegaard: An Objective Absurdity.Ed L. Miller - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (4):433-441.
    No one doubts that for Kierkegaard's definition of Christian faith one should look to the "Concluding Unscientific Postscript." The contention of this paper is that within the Postscript, most have looked in the wrong place. The well-known definition that is usually cited is actually a definition of Socratic or religious faith, and the definition of specifically Christian faith, given a few pages later, represents an existential intensification, which moves from an 'objective uncertainty' to an 'objective absurdity'. This latter definition (...)
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  17.  2
    Absurdity and Suicide: A Reexamination.Daniel Shaw - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:209-223.
    Camus’ central thesis in The Myth of Sisyphus is that suicide is not the proper response to, nor is it the solution of, the problem of absurdity. Yet many of his literary protagonists either commit suicide or are self-destructive in other ways. I argue that the protagonists that best live up to the characteristics of the absurd man that Camus outlines in the Myth uniformly either commit suicide or consent to their destruction by behaving in such a manner as (...)
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  18. Absurdity as Unary Operator.Sergei P. Odintsov - 2006 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 91 (1):225-242.
    It was shown in the previous work of the author that one can avoid the paradox of minimal logic { ϕ , ¬ ϕ } ¬ ψ defining the negation operator via reduction not a constant of absurdity, but to a unary operator of absurdity. In the present article we study in details what does it mean that negation in a logical system can be represented via an absurdity or contradiction operator. We distinguish different sorts of such (...)
     
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  19.  6
    A Note on 'Scepticism and Absurdity'.Peter Zinkemagel - 1967 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 10 (1-4):317-320.
    In ?Scepticism and Absurdity? (Inquiry, Vol. 7, No. 2) Ingemund Gullvag concludes that recent attempts to counter scepticism have failed. It is suggested that where the attempts Gullvåg investigates are complex theories of a sociological and linguistic?psychological nature, we need only refer to a simple and inspectable fact of language to counter scepticism.
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  20. Metaphysics and Absurdity.H. Gene Blocker - 2012 - Upa.
    Blocker argues that the literary problem of absurdity is basically a metaphysical problem of being, focusing on the metaphysical distinction of being as essence and being as existence. This book compares philosophical prose with the fiction writing of four major absurdist writers—Camus, Sartre, Ionesco, and Beckett.
     
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  21.  13
    How Physicalists Can—and Cannot—Explain the Seeming “Absurdity” of Physicalism.Pär Sundström - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    According to a widely held physicalist view, consciousness is identical with some physical or functional phenomenon just as liquidity is identical with loose molecular connection. To many of us, this claim about consciousness seems more problematic than the claim about liquidity. To many—including many physicalists—the identification of consciousness with some physical phenomenon even seems “absurd” or “crazy”. A full defence of physicalism should explain why the allegedly correct hypothesis comes across this way. If physicalism is true and we have reason (...)
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  22. How Physicalists Can—and Cannot—Explain the Seeming “Absurdity” of Physicalism.Pär Sundström - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    According to a widely held physicalist view, consciousness is identical with some physical or functional phenomenon just as liquidity is identical with loose molecular connection. To many of us, this claim about consciousness seems more problematic than the claim about liquidity. To many—including many physicalists—the identification of consciousness with some physical phenomenon even seems “absurd” or “crazy”. A full defence of physicalism should explain why the allegedly correct hypothesis comes across this way. If physicalism is true and we have reason (...)
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  23.  52
    Moorean Absurdity and the Intentional 'Structure' of Assertion.John N. Williams - 1994 - Analysis 54 (3):160 - 166.
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  24. Absurdity, Angst, and the Meaning of Life.Duncan Pritchard - 2010 - The Monist 93 (1):3-16.
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  25. Moorean Absurdity : An Epistemological Analysis.Claudio de Almeida - 2007 - In Mitchell S. Green & John N. Williams (eds.), Moore's Paradox: New Essays on Belief, Rationality, and the First Person. Oxford University Press.
     
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  26.  83
    Contradiction and Absurdity.K. Baier - 1954 - Analysis 15 (2):31 - 40.
  27. The Absurdity of Life.Steven Luper - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52:1-17.
  28. Albert Camus and the Ethic of Absurdity.Herbert Hochberg - 1965 - Ethics 75 (2):87-102.
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  29. The Absurdity of Life.Steven Luper-Foy - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1):85-101.
  30. Moorean Absurdity and Showing What's Within.Mitchell Green - 2007 - In Mitchell S. Green & John N. Williams (eds.), Moore's Paradox: New Essays on Belief, Rationality, and the First Person. Oxford University Press.
    Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the University of Virginia and at Texas A&M University. I thank audiences at both institutions for their insightful comments. Special thanks to John Williams for his illuminating comments on an earlier draft. Research for this paper was supported in part by a Summer Grant from the Vice Provost for Research and Public Service at the University of Virginia. That support is here gratefully acknowledged.
     
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  31.  34
    The Absurdity of Thinking in Language.Dallas Willard - 1973 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):125-132.
  32. Ambiguity, Absurdity, and Reversibility: Responses to Indeterminacy.G. Weiss - 1995 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 26:43-51.
  33.  17
    Affirmation and Absurdity.Bernard Reginster - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (3):785-791.
  34.  33
    Concerning the Absurdity of Life.Quentin Smith - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255):119 - 121.
  35.  25
    The Argument From Absurdity: A Dialogue Between an Atheist and Believer.Tim Miles - 2012 - Think 11 (30):93-101.
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  36.  60
    Is "Why Should I Be Moral?" An Absurdity?Kai Nielsen - 1958 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):25 – 32.
  37.  43
    Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Between Evidence and Absurdity.Edzard Ernst - 2009 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (2):289-303.
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  38.  33
    The Absurdity of Faith in the "Preliminary Expectoration" of Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling.Kenneth Itzkowitz - 2005 - Studies in Practical Philosophy 5 (1):3-17.
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  39.  35
    Time and Absurdity in Samuel Beckett.Jeffrey G. Sobosan - 1974 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 49 (2):187-195.
  40.  5
    The Absurdity of Economists’ Sacrifice-Free Solutions to Climate Change.Rob Lawlor - 2016 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 19 (3):350-365.
    John Broome and Duncan Foley have argued that it is a ‘misperception’ that the ‘control of global warming is costly’ and that we can make ‘sacrifices unnecessary’. There are a number of assumptions that are essential for this idea to work. These assumptions can be challenged. Furthermore, my claim is not merely that the Broome/Foley argument is flawed, and therefore unlikely to be successful. I will argue that it is potentially harmful, leading to harms for the present generation and for (...)
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  41.  18
    The Absurdity of Faith in The.Kenneth Itzkowitz - 2005 - Studies in Practical Philosophy 5 (1):3-17.
  42.  32
    Comment on Desmond Clarke, "Teleology and Mechanism: M. Grene's Absurdity Argument".Marjorie Grene - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (2):326-327.
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  43.  10
    The Rationalism of Absurdity: Sartre and Heidegger.Thomas C. Anderson - 1977 - Philosophy Today 21 (3):263-272.
  44.  14
    Absurdity and Types.Douglas Odegard - 1966 - Mind 75 (297):97-113.
  45.  30
    Anamnesis: Platonic Doctrine or Sophistic Absurdity?William S. Cobb - 1973 - Dialogue 12 (4):604-628.
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  46.  2
    Critical Reflections on Absurdity, Ultimate Explanation and Mystery in Hardwick's Events of Grace.J. Harley Chapman - 1996 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 17 (3):265 - 278.
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  47.  24
    Scepticism and Absurdity.Ingemund Gullvåg - 1964 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 7 (1-4):163-190.
    Analytic rejections of extreme traditional views, especially scepticism, as ?absurd? in some sense of violating ?rules? of discourse, arc considered. References to linguistic and pragmatic rules are discussed and found inadequate as bases for rejecting scepticism. References to logical principles alone are found to lead into scepticism. The claim that epistemology and scepticism take for granted an inadequate theory of words like ?know?, or ?knowledge?, as descriptive predicates, is considered. Alternatives, construing such words as appraisive or performative, are discussed, but (...)
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  48.  17
    Abortion in the Law: An Essay on Absurdity.Lisa H. Newton - 1977 - Ethics 87 (3):244-250.
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  49.  8
    The Wine of Absurdity.W. B. K. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):162-162.
  50.  20
    With and Without Absurdity: Moore, Magic and McTaggart's Cat.Peter Cave - 2011 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 68:125-149.
    Here is a tribute to humanity. When under dictatorial rule, with free speech much constrained, a young intellectual mimed; he mimed in a public square. He mimed a protest speech, a speech without words. People drew round to watch and listen; to watch the expressive gestures, the flicker of tongue, the mouthing lips; to listen to – silence. The authorities also watched and listened, but did nothing.
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