Results for 'adaptive behavior'

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  1.  26
    Adaptive Information and Animal Behaviour: Why Motorists Stop at Red Traffic Lights.Ronald W. Templeton & James Franklin - 1992 - Evolutionary Theory 10:145-155.
    Argues that information, in the animal behaviour or evolutionary context, is correlation/covariation. The alternation of red and green traffic lights is information because it is (quite strictly) correlated with the times when it is safe to drive through the intersection; thus driving in accordance with the lights is adaptive (causative of survival). Daylength is usefully, though less strictly, correlated with the optimal time to breed. Information in the sense of covariance implies what is adaptive; if an animal can (...)
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  2. Adaptive Behaviour, Autonomy and Value Systems.W. Ross Ashby - unknown
    Computational functionalism [5] fails to understand the embodied and situated nature of behaviour by taking steady state functions as theoretical primitives, and by interpreting cognitive behaviour from a language-like, observer dependant framework without a naturalized normativity. Evolutionary functionalism [28, 27], on the other hand, by grounding functional normativity on historical processes fails to give an account of normative functionality based on the present causal mechanism producing behaviour. We propose an alternative autonomous dynamical framework where functionality is defined as contribution to (...)
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  3.  44
    How Adaptive Behavior is Produced: A Perceptual-Motivational Alternative to Response Reinforcements.Dalbir Bindra - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):41-52.
  4.  3
    The "Supersitition" Experiment: A Reexamination of its Implications for the Principles of Adaptive Behavior.J. E. Staddon & Virginia L. Simmelhag - 1971 - Psychological Review 78 (1):3-43.
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  5.  3
    Adaptive Behaviour and Predictive Processing Accounts of Autism.Kelsey Perrykkad - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Many autistic behaviours can rightly be classified as adaptive, but why these behaviours differ from adaptive neurotypical behaviours in the same environment requires explanation. I argue that predictive processing accounts best explain why autistic people engage different adaptive responses to the environment and, further, account for evidence left unexplained by the social motivation theory.
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  6. Mechanisms of Adaptive Behavior: Clark L. Hull's Theoretical Papers, with Commentary.Clark L. Hull, A. Amsel & M. E. Rashotte - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):171-182.
  7.  7
    Mind, Mechanism, and Adaptive Behavior.C. L. Hull - 1937 - Psychological Review 44 (1):1-32.
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  8.  35
    Primate Orbitofrontal Cortex and Adaptive Behaviour.A. Roberts - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (2):83-90.
  9. The Nervous System as Physical Machine: With Special Reference to the Origin of Adaptive Behaviour.W. R. Ashby - 1947 - Mind 56 (January):44-59.
  10.  35
    Reinforcement Learning and Counterfactual Reasoning Explain Adaptive Behavior in a Changing Environment.Yunfeng Zhang, Jaehyon Paik & Peter Pirolli - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):368-381.
    Animals routinely adapt to changes in the environment in order to survive. Though reinforcement learning may play a role in such adaptation, it is not clear that it is the only mechanism involved, as it is not well suited to producing rapid, relatively immediate changes in strategies in response to environmental changes. This research proposes that counterfactual reasoning might be an additional mechanism that facilitates change detection. An experiment is conducted in which a task state changes over time and the (...)
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  11.  16
    Adaptive Behavior and Development of Infants and Toddlers with Williams Syndrome.Rebecca M. Kirchner, Marilee A. Martens & Rebecca R. Andridge - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  12.  16
    Neocortical Activation and Adaptive Behavior: Cholinergic Influences.P. Shiromani & William Fishbein - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):488-489.
  13. An Essay Review of Mechanisms of Adaptive Behavior: Clark L. Hull's Theoretical Papers, with Commentary, Edited by A. Amsel and M. E. Rashotte. Columbia University Press: New York. 1984.I. Gormezano & S. R. Coleman - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):171-182.
  14.  10
    A Quantitative Evolutionary Theory of Adaptive Behavior Dynamics.J. J. McDowell - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (4):731-750.
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  15.  8
    Stability of Executive Function and Predictions to Adaptive Behavior From Middle Childhood to Pre-Adolescence.Madeline B. Harms, Vivian Zayas, Andrew N. Meltzoff & Stephanie M. Carlson - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  16.  20
    Can Robots Without Hebbian Plasticity Make Good Models of Adaptive Behaviour?Jørn Hokland & Beatrix Vereijken - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1060-1062.
    No. Animals' primary problem is the shaping of movements, guided by and adapting to sensory signals. This requires a narrower class of biorobotic models than that spanned by Webb's dimensions and examples. We claim that all model variables and mechanisms must have real counterparts, input vectors must model known sensor fields, internal state vectors and transformations must model neurophysiological processes, and output vectors must model coordinated muscle signals.
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  17.  2
    The Interrelationship Between Motor Coordination and Adaptive Behavior in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.Emily Bremer & John Cairney - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  18.  7
    The Problem of Serial Order in Adaptive Behavior: Why Not Some Formal Cognitive Structure.Stewart H. Hulse - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):62-63.
  19.  7
    Learning in Complex Environments: Biological and Artificial Adaptive Behavior.Maja J. Mataric - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 18--7.
  20. Adaptive Behavior in Asymmetrical Interactions: Cultural Ways of Dealing with Power-Asymmetry in Mother-Infant Interactions.Carolin Demuth - 2013 - Interaction Studies 14 (2).
  21.  6
    Is Bindra's Theory of Adaptive Behavior Radical Enough?A. H. Black - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):53-53.
  22. An Essay Reviewof Mechanisms of Adaptive Behavior: Clark L. Hull's Theoretical Papers, with Commentary, Edited by A. Amsel and ME Rashotte. Columbia University Press: New York. 1984. [REVIEW]I. Gormezano & S. R. Coleman - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2).
     
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  23. Emergent Representation and Adaptive Behavior Using the Starcat Framework.Joseph Lewis - forthcoming - Complexity.
     
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  24. From Animals to Animats: Proceedings of The First International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior (Complex Adaptive Systems).Jean-Arcady Meyer & Stewart W. Wilson (eds.) - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
  25.  58
    Adaptive and Genomic Explanations of Human Behaviour: Might Evolutionary Psychology Contribute to Behavioural Genomics? [REVIEW]Marko Barendregt & René Van Hezewijk - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):57-78.
    . Evolutionary psychology and behavioural genomics are both approaches to explain human behaviour from a genetic point of view. Nonetheless, thus far the development of these disciplines is anything but interdependent. This paper examines the question whether evolutionary psychology can contribute to behavioural genomics. Firstly, a possible inconsistency between the two approaches is reviewed, viz. that evolutionary psychology focuses on the universal human nature and disregards the genetic variation studied by behavioural genomics. Secondly, we will discuss the structure of biological (...)
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  26. A Theory of Adaptive Economic Behavior.John G. Cross - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book develops dynamic economic models using the perspective and analytic framework provided by psychological learning theory. This framework is used to resolve apparent contradictions between optimization theory, which lies at the heart of all modern economic theory, and day-to-day evidence that short-run economic behaviour cannot reasonably be described solely as the outcome of efficiently implemented self-interest. The author applies this viewpoint to a number of problem areas in which literal applications of maximization theory have not usually proved to be (...)
     
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  27.  5
    Adaptive and Genomic Explanations of Human Behaviour: Might Evolutionary Psychology Contribute to Behavioural Genomics?Marko Barendregt & Ren Van Hezewijk - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):57-78.
    .Evolutionary psychology and behavioural genomics are both approaches to explain human behaviour from a genetic point of view. Nonetheless, thus far the development of these disciplines is anything but interdependent. This paper examines the question whether evolutionary psychology can contribute to behavioural genomics. Firstly, a possible inconsistency between the two approaches is reviewed, viz. that evolutionary psychology focuses on the universal human nature and disregards the genetic variation studied by behavioural genomics. Secondly, we will discuss the structure of biological explanations. (...)
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  28.  11
    Emotion in Languaging: Languaging as Affective, Adaptive, and Flexible Behavior in Social Interaction.Thomas W. Jensen - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  29.  13
    Deprived, but Not Depraved: Prosocial Behavior is an Adaptive Response to Lower Socioeconomic Status.Angela R. Robinson & Paul K. Piff - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  30.  4
    How Uncertainty Begets Hope: A Model of Adaptive and Maladaptive Seeking Behavior.Martin Zack - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
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  31. The Adaptive Evolution of Early Human Symbolic Behavior.Katrin Heimann, Riccardo Fusaroli, Sergio Rojo, Niels Nørkjær Johannsen, Felix Riede, Nicolas Fay, Marlize Lombard & Kristian Tylén - unknown
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  32.  12
    The Adaptive Significance of Social Synchronisation of Ultradian Behaviour Cycles: A Computer Model.A. Meier-Koll, E. Bohl, B. Schardl & F. Novacek - 1995 - Journal of Biosocial Science 27 (3):285-299.
  33.  13
    Lost in Chelm: Maladaptive Behavior in an Adaptive Model.Stephen Kaplan - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):643-644.
  34.  9
    Behavioral Flexibility in Learning Situations: Adaptive or Adaptable Behavior?Roderick Wong - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):81-82.
  35.  7
    Adaptive Modification of Behavior: Processing Information From the Environment.Wolfgang M. Schleidt - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):158-159.
  36.  5
    The Adaptive Fitness of Randomness in Choice and Foraging Behavior.Pierre Bovet - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):331-332.
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  37. The Adaptive Neural Network Organizes the Collective Muscle Behavior so as to Enable the Desired Equilibrium Trajectory.Aa Frolov & Ev Birjukova - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):739-740.
     
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  38. Child and Adolescent Social Adaptive Functioning Scale: Factorial Invariance, Latent Mean Differences, and Its Impact on School Refusal Behavior in Spanish Children.Carolina Gonzálvez, Cándido J. Inglés, Ainhoa Martínez-Palau, Ricardo Sanmartín, María Vicent & José M. García-Fernández - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  39. Young Learners’ Regulation of Practice Behavior in Adaptive Learning Technologies.Inge Molenaar, Anne Horvers & Rick Dijkstra - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  40. Which Future Animal Behavior Must Be Adapted. This Also Alters, as Waddington Shows, the Evolutionary Selection of Phenotypes and, Indirectly, the Genetic Factors That Prove Most Adaptive. Hence, the Many Purposes of Individual Events, If Not Some Encompassing Purpose, Do Constitute a Factor in Evolutionary Development. RESPONSE TO COBB'S COMMENTS. [REVIEW]W. H. Thorpe - 1977 - In John B. Cobb & David Ray Griffin (eds.), Mind in Nature. University Press of America. pp. 35.
     
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  41. Are Plants Cognitive? A Reply to Adams.Miguel Segundo-Ortin & Paco Calvo - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 73:64-71.
    According to F. Adams [this journal, vol. 68, 2018] cognition cannot be realized in plants or bacteria. In his view, plants and bacteria respond to the here-and-now in a hardwired, inflexible manner, and are therefore incapable of cognitive activity. This article takes issue with the pursuit of plant cognition from the perspective of an empirically informed philosophy of plant neurobiology. As we argue, empirical evidence shows, contra Adams, that plant behavior is in many ways analogous to animal behavior. (...)
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  42.  11
    Adaptive Leadership and the Practice of Medicine: A Complexity‐Based Approach to Reframing the Doctor–Patient Relationship.Marcus Thygeson, Lawrence Morrissey & Val Ulstad - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (5):1009-1015.
  43.  37
    Made to Measure: Ecological Rationality in Structured Environments. [REVIEW]Seth Bullock & Peter M. Todd - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (4):497-541.
    A working assumption that processes of natural and cultural evolution have tailored the mind to fit the demands and structure of its environment begs the question: how are we to characterize the structure of cognitive environments? Decision problems faced by real organisms are not like simple multiple-choice examination papers. For example, some individual problems may occur much more frequently than others, whilst some may carry much more weight than others. Such considerations are not taken into account when (i) the performance (...)
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  44. The Rational Analysis of Mind and Behavior.Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford - 2000 - Synthese 122 (1-2):93-131.
    Rational analysis (Anderson 1990, 1991a) is an empiricalprogram of attempting to explain why the cognitive system isadaptive, with respect to its goals and the structure of itsenvironment. We argue that rational analysis has two importantimplications for philosophical debate concerning rationality. First,rational analysis provides a model for the relationship betweenformal principles of rationality (such as probability or decisiontheory) and everyday rationality, in the sense of successfulthought and action in daily life. Second, applying the program ofrational analysis to research on human reasoning (...)
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  45.  76
    Are Constructiveness and Destructiveness Essential Features of Guilt and Shame Feelings Respectively?Ayfer Dost & Bilge Yagmurlu - 2008 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 38 (2):109–129.
    This paper involves a critical evaluation of a conceptualization of guilt and shame, which guides a number of research mainly in social psychology. In the contemporary literature, conceptualization of guilt and shame shows variation. In one of the leading approaches, guilt is regarded as an experience that targets behavior in evaluative thought and shame as targeting the self. According to this distinction, guilt has a constructive nature and it motivates the individual to take reparative actions, since it targets the (...)
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  46.  14
    Explaining Behavior: Bringing the Brain Back In.S. Skarda - 1986 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 29 (June):187-201.
    What is needed today is a biologically grounded explanation of behavior, one that moves beyond the so?called mind?body problem. Yet no solution will be found by philosophers who refuse to learn about how brains and bodies work, or by neuroscientists pursuing experimental research based on outmoded or blatantly anti?biological theories. Churchland's book proposes a solution: to come by a unified theory of the mind?brain philosophers have to work together with neuroscientists. Yet Churchland's vision of a unified theory is based (...)
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  47. Behavior Genetics and Postgenomics.Evan Charney - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):331-358.
    The science of genetics is undergoing a paradigm shift. Recent discoveries, including the activity of retrotransposons, the extent of copy number variations, somatic and chromosomal mosaicism, and the nature of the epigenome as a regulator of DNA expressivity, are challenging a series of dogmas concerning the nature of the genome and the relationship between genotype and phenotype. According to three widely held dogmas, DNA is the unchanging template of heredity, is identical in all the cells and tissues of the body, (...)
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  48. On What Makes Certain Dynamical Systems Cognitive: A Minimally Cognitive Organization Program.Xabier Barandiaran & Alvaro Moreno - 2006 - Adaptive Behavior 14:171-185..
    Dynamicism has provided cognitive science with important tools to understand some aspects of “how cognitive agents work” but the issue of “what makes something cognitive” has not been sufficiently addressed yet, and, we argue, the former will never be complete without the later. Behavioristic characterizations of cognitive properties are criticized in favor of an organizational approach focused on the internal dynamic relationships that constitute cognitive systems. A definition of cognition as adaptive-autonomy in the embodied and situated neurodynamic domain is (...)
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  49.  25
    Machine Experiments and Theoretical Modelling: From Cybernetic Methodology to Neuro-Robotics. [REVIEW]Guglielmo Tamburrini & Edoardo Datteri - 2005 - Minds and Machines 15 (3-4):335-358.
    Cybernetics promoted machine-supported investigations of adaptive sensorimotor behaviours observed in biological systems. This methodological approach receives renewed attention in contemporary robotics, cognitive ethology, and the cognitive neurosciences. Its distinctive features concern machine experiments, and their role in testing behavioural models and explanations flowing from them. Cybernetic explanations of behavioural events, regularities, and capacities rely on multiply realizable mechanism schemata, and strike a sensible balance between causal and unifying constraints. The multiple realizability of cybernetic mechanism schemata paves the way to (...)
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  50. Theoretical Behaviorism Meets Embodied Cognition: Two Theoretical Analyses of Behavior.Fred A. Keijzer - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):123-143.
    This paper aims to do three things: First, to provide a review of John Staddon's book Adaptive dynamics: The theoretical analysis of behavior. Second, to compare Staddon's behaviorist view with current ideas on embodied cognition. Third, to use this comparison to explicate some outlines for a theoretical analysis of behavior that could be useful as a behavioral foundation for cognitive phenomena. Staddon earlier defended a theoretical behaviorism, which allows internal states in its models but keeps these to (...)
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