Results for 'anatomy'

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  1.  87
    The Anatomy of Corporate Fraud: A Comparative Analysis of High Profile American and European Corporate Scandals.Bahram Soltani - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 120 (2):251-274.
    This paper presents a comparative analysis of three American and three European corporate failures. The first part of the analysis is based on a theoretical framework including six areas of ethical climate; tone at the top; bubble economy and market pressure; fraudulent financial reporting; accountability, control, auditing, and governance; and management compensation. The second and third parts consider the analysis of these cases from fraud perspective and in terms of firm-specific characteristics and environmental context. The research analyses shed light on (...)
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  2.  5
    The Anatomy of Suffering: Understanding the Relationship Between Nociceptive and Empathic Pain.Jamil Zaki, Tor D. Wager, Tania Singer, Christian Keysers & Valeria Gazzola - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (4):249-259.
  3.  15
    The Anatomy of a Comparative Illusion.Alexis Wellwood, Roumyana Pancheva, Valentine Hacquard & Colin Phillips - 2018 - Journal of Semantics 35 (3):543-583.
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  4. Anatomy of a Modal Construction.Kai von Fintel - unknown
    We show that the morphosyntactic makeup of the SMC is crosslinguistically stable. We show that the semantics of the construction poses a severe compositionality problem. We solve the problem by giving the negation and the exclusive operator differential scope. For only, this means decomposing it into negation and an exclusive other than component.
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  5.  25
    Anatomy and Governmentality: A Foucauldian Perspective on Death and Medicine in Modernity.Thomas F. Tierney - 1998 - Theory and Event 2 (1).
    This essay contributes to critical reflection on the extensive role that medicine has played, and continues to play, in establishing and maintaining the uniquely modern form of social order that Foucault described as “governmentality.” It does so by linking Foucault’s later work on governmentality and biopower, from his courses at the Collège de France in the late-1970s, with his early work on the crucial role that pathological anatomy played in founding modern medicine, which was presented in one of his (...)
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  6.  19
    The Anatomy of a Murder: Who Killed America's Economy?Joseph E. Stiglitz - 2009 - Critical Review 21 (2-3):329-339.
    ABSTRACT The main cause of the crisis was the behavior of the banks?largely a result of misguided incentives unrestrained by good regulation. Conservative ideology, along with unrealistic economic models of perfect information, perfect competition, and perfect markets, fostered lax regulation, and campaign contributions helped the political process along. The banks misjudged risk, wildly overleveraged, and paid their executives handsomely for being short?sighted; lax regulation let them get away with it?putting at risk the entire economy. The mortgage brokers neglected due diligence, (...)
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  7. Anatomy of the Unsought Finding. Serendipity: Origin, History, Domains, Traditions, Appearances, Patterns and Programmability.Pek van Andel - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):631-648.
    I define serendipity as the art of making an unsought finding. And I propose an overview of my collection of serendipities, the largest yet assembled, chiefly in science and technology, but also in art, by giving a list of ‘serendipity patterns’. Although my list of ‘patterns’ is just a list and not a classification, it serves to introduce a new and possibly stimulating perspective on the old subject of serendipity. Knowledge of these ‘serendipity patterns’ might help in expecting also the (...)
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  8.  17
    An Anatomy of Values: Problems of Personal and Social Choice.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (1):131-135.
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  9. Anatomy of a Modal.Kai von Fintel - manuscript
    What do we convey with (2)? We somehow manage to say at least the following: going to the North End is (part of ) a way of finding good cheese and going to the North End is relatively easy. Furthermore, we are leaving it open whether there are other places (in Boston) to get good cheese, that is, with (2) we are not claiming that the North End is the only place to find good cheese.
     
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  10.  17
    Towards a Functional Anatomy of Volition.Sean A. Spence & Chris D. Frith - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (8-9):8-9.
    In this paper we examine the functional anatomy of volition, as revealed by modern brain imaging techniques, in conjunction with neuropsychological data derived from human and non-human primates using other methodologies. A number of brain regions contribute to the performance of consciously chosen, or ‘willed', actions. Of particular importance is dorsolateral prefrontal cortex , together with those brain regions with which it is connected, via cortico-subcortical and cortico-cortical circuits. That aspect of free will which is concerned with the voluntary (...)
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  11.  26
    The Anatomy of Prejudices.Elizabeth Kamarck Minnich - 2001 - Hypatia 16 (1):108-111.
  12. Anatomy of Reality: Merging of Intuition and Reason.Jonas Salk - 1983 - Praeger.
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  13.  32
    The "Moral Anatomy" of Robert Knox: The Interplay Between Biological and Social Thought in Victorian Scientific Naturalism. [REVIEW]Evelleen Richards - 1989 - Journal of the History of Biology 22 (3):373 - 436.
    Historians are now generally agreed that the Darwinian recognition and institutionalization of the polygenist position was more than merely nominal.194 Wallace, Vogt, and Huxley had led the way, and we may add Galton (1869) to the list of those leading Darwinians who incorporated a good deal of polygenist thinking into their interpretions of human history and racial differences.195 Eventually “Mr. Darwin himself,” as Hunt had suggested he might, consolidated the Darwinian endorsement of many features of polygenism. Darwin's Descent of Man (...)
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  14.  32
    An Anatomy of Shikakes.Yasuhiro Yamamoto, Kumiyo Nakakoji, Toshio Kawashima, Ken-Ichi Kimura & Yasuharu Koike - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (4):431-442.
  15. Anatomy of a Hoax.Bruce Robbins - unknown
    But which weaknesses? Even people who followed the story with some interest and amusement may still be wondering what, exactly, the hoax proved. As one of the editors of Social Text, I freely confess what I think it proved about us: that some scientific ignorance and some absentmindedness could combine with much enthusiasm for a supposed political ally to produce a case of temporary blindness. It remains to be seen, however, whether our editorial failure is really symptomatic of a larger (...)
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  16.  11
    From Physiology to Classification: Comparative Anatomy and Vicq d'Azyr's Plan of Reform for Life Sciences and Medicine. [REVIEW]Stéphane Schmitt - 2009 - Science in Context 22 (2):145-193.
    ArgumentHere I analyze the anatomical thought of the French physician and naturalist Félix Vicq d'Azyr in order to bring to light its importance in the development of comparative anatomy at the end of the eighteenth century. I argue that his work and career can be understood as an ambitious program for a radical reform of all biomedical sciences and a reorganization of this whole field around comparative anatomy, on the conceptual as well as the institutional level. In particular, (...)
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  17.  11
    Kant's Anatomy of the Intelligent Mind.Wayne Waxman - 2013 - Oup Usa.
    According to current philosophical lore, Kant rejected the notion that philosophy can progress by psychological means and endeavored to restrict it accordingly. This book reverses the frame from Kant the anti-psychological critic of psychological philosophy to Kant the preeminent psychological critic of non-psychological philosophy.
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  18.  46
    The Anatomy of Inquiry : Philosophical Studies in the Theory of Science.Israel Scheffler - 1963 - Routledge.
    First published in 1963, this title considers the philosophical problems encountered when attempting to provide a clear and general explanation of scientific principles, and the basic confrontation between such principles and experience. Beginning with a detailed introduction that considers various approaches to the philosophy and theory of science, Israel Scheffler then divides his study into three key sections – Explanation, Significance and Confirmation – that explore how these complex issues involved have been dealt with in contemporary research. This title, by (...)
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  19.  46
    Anatomy Education and the Observational-Embodied Look.T. Kenny Fountain - 2010 - Medicine Studies 2 (1):49-69.
    Based on observations and interviews collected during a yearlong ethnography of two anatomy laboratory courses at a large Midwestern university, this article argues that students learn anatomy through the formation of an observational-embodied look. All of the visual texts and material objects of the lab—from atlas illustrations, to photographs, to 3D models, to human bodies—are involved in this look that takes the form of anatomical demonstration and dissection. The student of anatomy, then, brings together observation, visual evidence, (...)
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  20.  24
    The Anatomy of Inquiry: Philosophical Studies in the Theory of Science.S. F. Barker - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (12):358-363.
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  21.  22
    The Anatomy of Confucian Communitarianism: The Confucian Social Self and its Discontent.Kim Sungmoon - 2011 - Philosophical Forum 42 (2):111-130.
  22. The Anatomy of Capitalist Society: The Economy, Civil Society and the State.John Urry - 1983 - Science and Society 47 (1):121-123.
     
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  23. Functional Anatomy: A Taxonomic Proposal.Ingvar Johansson, Barry Smith, Katherine Dormandy [nee Munn], Kathleen Elsner, Nikoloz Tsikolia & DIrk Siebert - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (3):153-166.
    It is argued that medical science requires a classificatory system that (a) puts functions in the taxonomic center and (b) does justice ontologically to the difference between the processes which are the realizations of functions and the objects which are their bearers. We propose formulae for constructing such a system and describe some of its benefits. The arguments are general enough to be of interest to all the life sciences.
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  24.  24
    The Anatomy of Choice: Active Inference and Agency.Karl Friston, Philipp Schwartenbeck, Thomas FitzGerald, Michael Moutoussis, Timothy Behrens & Raymond J. Dolan - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  25. CARO: The Common Anatomy Reference Ontology.Melissa Haendel, Fabian Neuhaus, David Osumi-Sutherland, Paula M. Mabee, José L. V. Mejino Jr, Chris J. Mungall & Barry Smith - 2008 - In Anatomy Ontologies for Bioinformatics: Principles and Practice. Springer. pp. 327-349.
    The Common Anatomy Reference Ontology (CARO) is being developed to facilitate interoperability between existing anatomy ontologies for different species, and will provide a template for building new anatomy ontologies. CARO has a structural axis of classification based on the top-level nodes of the Foundational Model of Anatomy. CARO will complement the developmental process sub-ontology of the GO Biological Process ontology, using it to ensure the coherent treatment of developmental stages, and to provide a common framework for (...)
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  26. Anatomy of Deductive Reasoning.Vinod Goel - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (10):435-441.
    Much of cognitive research on deductive reasoning has been preoccupied with advocating for or against visuospatial or linguistic/syntactic models of logical reasoning. Neuroimaging studies bear on this issue by pointing to both language-based and visuospatial systems being engaged during logical reasoning, and by raising additional issues not anticipated by these cognitive theories. Here, the literature on the neural basis of deductive reasoning from the past decade is reviewed. Although these results might seem chaotic and inconsistent, we identify several interesting patterns (...)
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  27.  54
    The Anatomy of the Cerebellum.Jan Voogd & Mitchell Glickstein - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (9):307-313.
  28.  12
    Performing the Technoscientific Body: Realvideo Surgery and the Anatomy Theater.Eugene Thacker - 1999 - Body and Society 5 (2-3):317-336.
    This article is an investigation into the ways in which anatomico-medical bodies are produced through means of public mediation and spectacle technologies. The examples of `RealVideo surgery' and the early modern anatomy theaters, provide two instances where `the body' enframed by science is mediated via technology. Referencing the genealogical work of Michel Foucault, and through an analysis of the anatomy theaters and RealVideo surgery, this article attempts to show how such institutionally framed and legitimizing science practices do not (...)
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  29. An Anatomy of Moral Responsibility.M. Braham & M. van Hees - 2012 - Mind 121 (483):601-634.
    This paper examines the structure of moral responsibility for outcomes. A central feature of the analysis is a condition that we term the ‘avoidance potential’, which gives precision to the idea that moral responsibility implies a reasonable demand that an agent should have acted otherwise. We show how our theory can allocate moral responsibility to individuals in complex collective action problems, an issue that sometimes goes by the name of ‘the problem of many hands’. We also show how it allocates (...)
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  30. The Politics of Observation: Cerebral Anatomy and Social Interests in the Edinburgh Phrenology Disputes.Steven Shapin - 1979 - In Roy Wallis (ed.), On the Margins of Science: The Social Construction of Rejected Knowledge. University of Keele. pp. 27--139.
  31. The Anatomy of the Big Bad Bug.Rachael Briggs - 2009 - Noûs 43 (3):428-449.
  32.  8
    Re-Enchanting the Body: Overcoming the Melancholy of Anatomy.Joel Shuman - 2018 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 39 (6):473-481.
    I argue here that Weberian disenchantment is manifest in the triumph of instrumental reason and the expansion of analytic enquiry, which now dominates not simply those sciences upon which medicine depends, but medical practice itself. I suggest ways that analytic enquiry, also referred to here as anatomical reasoning, are part of a particular ideology—a way of seeing, speaking about, and inhabiting the world—that often fails to serve the health of patients because it is incapable of “seeing” them in the moral (...)
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  33.  32
    Anatomy of a Proposition.Bjørn Jespersen - 2019 - Synthese 196 (4):1285-1324.
    This paper addresses the mereological problem of the unity of structured propositions. The problem is how to make multiple parts interact such that they form a whole that is ultimately related to truth and falsity. The solution I propose is based on a Platonist variant of procedural semantics. I think of procedures as abstract entities that detail a logical path from input to output. Procedures are modeled on a function/argument logic, but are not functions. Instead they are higher-order, fine-grained structures. (...)
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  34.  25
    An Anatomy of Thought the Origin and Machinery of Mind.Ian Glynn - 1999
    Amazon.com Love, fear, hope, calculus, and game shows-how do all these spring from a few delicate pounds of meat? Neurophysiologist Ian Glynn lays the foundation for answering this question in his expansive An Anatomy of Thought, but stops short of committing to one particular theory. The book is a pleasant challenge, presenting the reader with the latest research and thinking about neuroscience and how it relates to various models of consciousness. Combining the aim of a textbook with the style (...)
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  35.  42
    The Anatomy of Friendship.R. I. M. Dunbar - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (1):32-51.
  36.  6
    The?Moral Anatomy? Of Robert Knox: The Interplay Between Biological and Social Thought in Victorian Scientific Naturalism.Evelleen Richards - 1989 - Journal of the History of Biology 22 (3):373-436.
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  37.  91
    An Anatomy of Moral Responsibility.Matthew Braham & Martin van Hees - 2012 - Mind 121 (483):601 - 634.
    This paper examines the structure of moral responsibility for outcomes. A central feature of the analysis is a condition that we term the 'avoidance potential', which gives precision to the idea that moral responsibility implies a reasonable demand that an agent should have acted otherwise. We show how our theory can allocate moral responsibility to individuals in complex collective action problems, an issue that sometimes goes by the name of 'the problem of many hands'. We also show how it allocates (...)
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  38.  43
    Anatomy of an Error: A Bidirectional State Model of Task Engagement/Disengagement and Attention-Related Errors.J. Allan Cheyne, Grayden J. F. Solman, Jonathan S. A. Carriere & Daniel Smilek - 2009 - Cognition 111 (1):98-113.
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  39. Female Sexual Arousal: Genital Anatomy and Orgasm in Intercourse.Kim Wallen & Elisabeth A. Lloyd - 2011 - Hormones and Behavior 59:780-792.
    In men and women sexual arousal culminates in orgasm, with female orgasm solely from sexual intercourse often regarded as a unique feature of human sexuality. However, orgasm from sexual intercourse occurs more reliably in men than in women, likely reflecting the different types of physical stimulation men and women require for orgasm. In men, orgasms are under strong selective pressure as orgasms are coupled with ejaculation and thus contribute to male reproductive success. By contrast, women's orgasms in intercourse are highly (...)
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  40.  19
    The Anatomy of Melancholy, Volume I.Robert Burton (ed.) - 1989 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The Anatomy of Melancholy is one of the last great works of English prose to have remained unedited. These are the first two volumes of what will be an authoritative edition of the work, currently being prepared by scholars on both sides of the Atlantic.
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  41.  20
    Anatomy of a Decision: Striato-Orbitofrontal Interactions in Reinforcement Learning, Decision Making, and Reversal.Michael J. Frank & Eric D. Claus - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (2):300-326.
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  42. The Anatomy of the Passions.Michael Lebuffe - 2009 - In Olli Koistinen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza's Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 188--222.
     
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  43.  58
    The Anatomy of Neoplatonism.A. C. Lloyd - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
    This study proposes that Neoplatonism, while not a modern philosophy, is philosophy in the modern sense. Lloyd analyzes the key structures that underlie the dogmas of the Neoplatonic world picture, including the concept of emanation, the return of the soul to the One, the place of mystical knowledge, epistemology, and Porphyry's theory of predication, and shows that they rest on original but intelligible concepts and arguments.
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  44.  11
    The Anatomy Lecture Then and Now: A Foucauldian Analysis.Norm Friesen & Wolff-Michael Roth - 2014 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (10):1-19.
    Although there are many points of continuity, there are also a number of changes in the pedagogical form of the anatomy lecture over the longue durée, over centuries of epistemic change, rather than over years or decades. The article begins with an analysis of the physical and technical arrangements of the early modern anatomy lecture, showing how these present a general underlying similarity compared to those in place today. It then goes on to consider examples of elements of (...)
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  45.  28
    Galen's Anatomy of the Soul. Hankinson - 1991 - Phronesis 36 (2):197 - 233.
  46. An Anatomy of Values: Problems of Personal and Social Choice.Charles Fried - 1970 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
     
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  47.  34
    The Anatomy and Physiology of Mind: Hume's Vitalistic Account.Tamás Demeter - 2012 - In H. F. J. Horstmanshoff, H. King & C. Zittel (eds.), Blood, Sweat and Tears: The Changing Concepts of Physiology from Antiquity into Early Modern Europe. Brill.
    In this paper I challenge the widely held view which associates Hume’s philosophy with mechanical philosophies of nature and particularly with Newton. This view presents Hume’s account of the human mind as passive receiver of impressions which bring into motion, from the outside, a mental machinery whose functioning is described in terms of mechanical causal principles. Instead, I propose an interpretation which suggests that for Hume the human mind is composed of faculties that can be characterized by their active contribution (...)
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  48.  19
    Anatomy, Bloodletting and Emblems.Karin Ekholm - 2013 - Early Science and Medicine 18 (1-2):87-123.
  49.  97
    Functional Anatomy: A Taxonomic Proposal.Ingvar Johansson, Barry Smith, Katherine Munn, Nikoloz Tsikolia, Kathleen Elsner, Dominikus Ernst & Dirk Siebert - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (3):153-166.
    It is argued that medical science requires a classificatory system that (a) puts functions in the taxonomic center and (b) does justice ontologically to the difference between the processes which are the realizations of functions and the objects which are their bearers. We propose formulae for constructing such a system and describe some of its benefits. The arguments are general enough to be of interest to all the life sciences.
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  50.  10
    Intuitive Anatomy: Distortions of Conceptual Knowledge of Hand Structure.Matthew R. Longo - 2015 - Cognition 142:230-235.
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