Results for 'antilogism'

38 found
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  1.  13
    Eristic, Antilogy and the Equal Disposition of Men and Women.D. El Murr - 2020 - Classical Quarterly 70 (1):85-100.
    Aristotle's Sophistical Refutations seeks to uncover the workings of apparent deductive reasoning, and is thereby largely devoted to the caricature of dialectic that the ancients called eristic, the art of quarrelling. Unlike antilogy, which refers to a type of argumentation where two arguments are pitted against each other in a contradictory manner, eristic takes on in Aristotle an exclusively pejorative meaning, as is made clear, for example, by this passage from Soph. el.: ‘For just as unfairness in a contest is (...)
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  2.  31
    Antilogic.Benoît Castelnérac & Mathieu Marion - 2013 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 8 (1).
    This paper is an interim report of joint work begun in on dialectic from Parmenides to Aristotle. In the first part we present rules for dialectical games, understood as a specific form of antilogikê developed by philosophers, and explain some of the key concepts of these dialectical games in terms of ideas from game semantics. In the games we describe, for a thesis A asserted by the answerer, a questioner must elicit the answerer’s assent to further assertions B1, B2,…, Bn, (...)
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  3. Eristic, Antilogic, Sophistic, Dialectic: Plato's Demarcation of Philosophy From Sophistry.Alexander Nehamas - 1990 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 7 (1):3 - 16.
  4. The Antilogism.C. F. Ladd-Franklin - 1928 - Mind 37 (148):532-534.
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  5.  16
    The Antilogy in the Iuspositivism and the Iusnaturalism in Thomas Hobbes.Patricia Nakayama - 2016 - Las Torres de Lucca: Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 5 (9):119-144.
    This study aims to present a new interpretation about the controversy in the Hobbesian reception about its affiliation to the natural law or the positive law. According to Norberto Bobbio, these positions are mutually exclusive. In the first place, we will present the textual passages that enable Hobbes to be considered, on the one hand, as a supporter of iusnaturalism in accordance with the paradigmatic readings of Howard Warrender and Norberto Bobbio and, on the other, or of iuspositivism, according to (...)
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  6.  19
    The Antilogism Extended.W. C. Wilcox - 1969 - Mind 78 (310):266-269.
  7. The Antilogism - An Emendation.Christine Ladd-Franklin - 1913 - Journal of Philosophy 10 (2):49.
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  8.  40
    The Antilogism--An Emendation.Christine Ladd-Franklin - 1913 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 10 (2):49-50.
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  9. The Ladd-Franklin Formula in Logic: The Antilogism.Eugene Shen - 1927 - Mind 36 (141):54-60.
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  10. Extending the Antilogism.Ru Michael Sabre - 1987 - Logique Et Analyse 30 (17):103-111.
     
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  11.  28
    A Generalization of the Antilogism.Ray H. Dotterer - 1941 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):90-95.
  12.  4
    A Generalization of the Antilogism.Ray H. Dotterer - 1942 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 7 (1):38-39.
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  13.  66
    The Philosophical Basis of the Method of Antilogic.Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2019 - Folia Philosophica 42:5-19.
    The paper is devoted to the sophistic method of "two-fold arguments" (antilogic). The traditional understanding of antilogic understood as an expression of agonistic and eristic tendencies of the sophists has been in recent decades, under the influence of G.B. Kerferd, replaced by the understanding of antilogic as an independent argumentative technique, having its own sources, essence, and goals. Following the interpretation of G.B. Kerferd, according to which the foundation of the antilogic is the opposition of two logoi resulting from contradictions (...)
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  14. Prodicus at the Crossroads. Once Again on the Antilogy.Stefania Giombini - 2017 - Peitho 8 (1):187-200.
    The aim of this paper is to analyze the tale of Heracles at the Crossroads, attributed to Prodicus by Socrates in Xenophon’s Memorabilia, through the notion of antilogy. The apologue has got an antilogic structure that is immediately outlined in the description of the situation in which the young Heracles finds himself. But the text, seemingly antilogic, does not develop itself according to one of the most important rules of antilogies, i.e., the epistemic parity of two speeches, since it appears (...)
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  15.  20
    Dotterer Ray H.. A Generalization of the Antilogism.J. C. C. McKinsey - 1942 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 7 (1):38-39.
  16.  25
    A Supplementary Note on the Rules of the Antilogism.Ray H. Dotterer - 1943 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):24.
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  17. Stoic Syllogistic.Susanne Bobzien - 1996 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 14:133-92.
    ABSTRACT: For the Stoics, a syllogism is a formally valid argument; the primary function of their syllogistic is to establish such formal validity. Stoic syllogistic is a system of formal logic that relies on two types of argumental rules: (i) 5 rules (the accounts of the indemonstrables) which determine whether any given argument is an indemonstrable argument, i.e. an elementary syllogism the validity of which is not in need of further demonstration; (ii) one unary and three binary argumental rules which (...)
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  18. Logic: The Stoics (Part Two).Susanne Bobzien - 1999 - In Keimpe Algra, Jonathan Barnes & et al (eds.), The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    ABSTRACT: A detailed presentation of Stoic theory of arguments, including truth-value changes of arguments, Stoic syllogistic, Stoic indemonstrable arguments, Stoic inference rules (themata), including cut rules and antilogism, argumental deduction, elements of relevance logic in Stoic syllogistic, the question of completeness of Stoic logic, Stoic arguments valid in the specific sense, e.g. "Dio says it is day. But Dio speaks truly. Therefore it is day." A more formal and more detailed account of the Stoic theory of deduction can be (...)
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  19. Metoda "dwu mów" w świetle świadectw przedplatońskich (The method of "dissoi logoi" in Pre-Platonic testimonies).Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2012 - Studia Antyczne I Mediewistyczne 10:37-50.
    The method of dissoi logoi in Pre-Platonic testimonies The paper analyzes some references to the method of "dissoi logoi" (which is called by Plato "antilogic") in Pre-Platonic testimonies such as Aristophanes’ The Clouds, fragments of Euripides' Antiope and The Phoenicians, and the anonymous work called "Dialexeis" (Dissoi logoi). The analysis of these Pre-platonic sources results in the following conclusions: (1) The method of dissoi logoi was the universal strategy adopted by the sophists to argue on both sides - for and (...)
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  20.  26
    Aristotelian Logic.William Thomas Parry & Edward A. Hacker - 1991 - Albany, NY, USA: State University of New York Press.
    Proceedings of an international research and development conference, Tuscon, Arizona, October 1985. One hundred and twenty-eight papers are presented in this hefty volume.
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  21.  19
    Quintilian and the Pedagogy of Argument.Michael Mendelson - 2001 - Argumentation 15 (3):277-294.
    Originating in the Sophistic pedagogy of Protagoras and reflecting the sceptical practice of the New Academy, Quintilian's rhetorical pedagogy places a special emphasis on the juxtaposition of multiple, competing claims. This inherently dialogical approach to argumentation is referred to here as controversia and is on full display in Quintilian's own argumentative practice. More important to this paper, however, is the role of controversia as an organizing principle for Quintilian's rhetorical curriculum. In particular, Quintilian introduces the protocols of controversia through a (...)
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  22. Nietzsche on Logic.Steven D. Hales - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (4):819-835.
    Nietzsche is infamous for denouncing logic, but despite the importance of logic in contemporary philosophy, there has been very little scholarly attention paid to his criticisms. This paper argues that Nietzsche's antilogic polemics are directed against semantics, which he regards as being committed to a realist metaphysics. It is this metaphysical realism that Nietzsche abhors, not logical syntax or proof theory. Nietzsche is also at pains to critique logicians who naively accept realist semantics. Other interpreters who cast Nietzsche as a (...)
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  23.  16
    Les Arguments de Zénon D’Après le Parménide de Platon.Mathieu Marion - 2014 - Dialogue 53 (3):393-434.
    Après avoir présenté les règles de l’antilogique éléatique, je soutiens que Zénon pratiquait celle-ci et, à partir de l’étude de passages duParménidede Platon, que ses paradoxes sur la divisibilité et le mouvement ne sont pas des réfutations par l’absurde, mais plutôt de simples dérivations d’impossibilités employées pour ridiculiser les adversaires de Parménide. Zénon ne cherchait donc pas à prouver l’inexistence du mouvement, mais simplement à l’inférer des prémisses de ses adversaires. Je montre en outre que ces paradoxes sont conçus, conformément (...)
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  24. Logics and Their Galaxies.Hilan Bensusan, Alexandre Costa-Leite & Edélcio De De Souza - 2015 - In Arnold Koslow & Arthur Buchsbaum (eds.), The Road to Universal Logic. Birkhauser. pp. 243-252.
    This article introduces some concepts that help exploring the ontological import of universal logic. It studies the notions of an antilogic and counterlogic associated to each logic and shows some of their properties. It presents the notion of galaxy, as the class of possible worlds compatible with a given logic.We explore some consequences of these developments.
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  25.  68
    Canonical Extensions and Relational Representations of Lattices with Negation.Agostinho Almeida - 2009 - Studia Logica 91 (2):171-199.
    This work is part of a wider investigation into lattice-structured algebras and associated dual representations obtained via the methodology of canonical extensions. To this end, here we study lattices, not necessarily distributive, with negation operations. We consider equational classes of lattices equipped with a negation operation ¬ which is dually self-adjoint (the pair (¬,¬) is a Galois connection) and other axioms are added so as to give classes of lattices in which the negation is De Morgan, orthonegation, antilogism, pseudocomplementation (...)
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  26. Logic Workbook.James Wilkinson Miller - 1958 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
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  27.  25
    An Alternative Logical Framework for Dialectical Reasoning in the Social and Policy Sciences.Ru Michael Sabre - 1991 - Theory and Decision 30 (3):187-211.
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  28.  23
    Aristotle’s Theory of Deduction and Paraconsistency.Evandro Luís Gomes & Itala M. Loffredo D'Ottaviano - 2010 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 14 (1):71-97.
    In the Organon Aristotle describes some deductive schemata in which inconsistencies do not entail the trivialization of the logical theory involved. This thesis is corroborated by three different theoretical topics by him discussed, which are presented in this paper. We analyse inference schema used by Aristotle in the Protrepticus and the method of indirect demonstration for categorical syllogisms. Both methods exemplify as Aristotle employs classical reductio ad absurdum strategies. Following, we discuss valid syllogisms from opposite premises studied by the Stagerian (...)
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  29.  49
    Logics for Classes of Boolean Monoids.Gerard Allwein, Hilmi Demir & Lee Pike - 2004 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (3):241-266.
    This paper presents the algebraic and Kripke modelsoundness and completeness ofa logic over Boolean monoids. An additional axiom added to thelogic will cause the resulting monoid models to be representable as monoidsof relations. A star operator, interpreted as reflexive, transitiveclosure, is conservatively added to the logic. The star operator isa relative modal operator, i.e., one that is defined in terms ofanother modal operator. A further example, relative possibility,of this type of operator is given. A separate axiom,antilogism, added to the (...)
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  30.  13
    Platonic Contrariety : Ancestor of the Aristotelian Notion of Contradiction ?Geneviève Lachance - 2016 - Logica Universalis 10 (2-3):143-156.
    The aim of the present paper is to analyse the archeology of the concept of contradiction, more precisely in Plato, and to reveal the influence that the latter had on Aristotle’s reflection on contradiction and contrariety. This paper will show that it is possible to find examples of a notion of contradiction in Plato’s refutative dialogues, in which Socrates is described as refuting his interlocutors by demonstrating the contrary of their initial thesis. However, Plato never used the word antiphasis to (...)
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  31. The Double Arguments.Daniel Silvermintz - 2008 - In Patricia O'Grady (ed.), The Sophists: An Introduction. London: pp. 147-153.
    Provides an overview of the anonymous work of sophistic rhetoric known as Dissoi Logoi or Double Arguments.
     
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  32.  31
    Los Sofistas y la Antilogía. Sobre las Estructuras Argumentales en los "Discursos Dobles" y en Gorgias.Alejandro Ramírez Figueroa - 2016 - Trans/Form/Ação 39 (2):9-30.
    RESUMEN: Se examina la estructura lógica de la antilogía como forma de pensamiento ejercida por los sofistas. Se sostiene que, si bien en los argumentos antilógicos se encuentran falacias de tipo no formal, al menos algunos de tales razonamientos no son falacias desde un punto de vista simbólico formal, sino que poseen estructuras que hoy se pueden reconstruir como esquemas con validez lógica. Se analizan específicamente dos lugares de argumentaciones sofistas: los denominados Discursos dobles, textos anónimos del IV AC, y (...)
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  33.  30
    Aristotle's Theory of Deduction and Paraconsistency.Evandro L. Gomes & Ítala M. L. D.?Ottaviano - 2010 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 14 (1):71-97.
    No Órganon Aristóteles descreve alguns esquemas dedutivos nos quais a presença de inconsistências não acarreta a trivialização da teoria lógica envolvida. Esta tese é corroborada por três diferentes situações teóricas estudadas por ele, as quais são apresentadas neste trabalho. Analizamos o esquema de inferência utilizado por Aristóteles no Protrepticus e o método de demonstração indireta para os silogismos categóricos. Ambos os métodos exemplificam como Aristóteles emprega estratégias de redução ao absurdo logicamente clássicas. Na sequência, discutimos os silogismos válidos a partir (...)
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  34.  21
    Syllogistic and Its Extensions. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (2):378-379.
    Beginning with the traditional rules for syllogistic validity, Bird leads the reader without further ado through Aristotle's method of reduction, Keynes' treatment of the antilogism, Lukasiewicz's axiomatization, Ivo Thomas's extension of the last to negative terms, and on to the treatment of empty terms via informal Boolean algebra and the introduction of singular terms. Lukasiewicz's axiom system is investigated in some detail, and independence and consistency are proved. The problem of existential import is discussed quite thoroughly, though it is (...)
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  35.  47
    Quasi-Concepts of Logic.Fabien Schang - forthcoming - In Alexandre Costa Leite (ed.), Abstract Consequence and Logics - Essays in Honor of Edelcio G. de Souza" edited by A. Costa-Leite. Londres, Royaume-Uni: pp. 245-266.
    A analysis of some concepts of logic is proposed, around the work of Edelcio de Souza. Two of his related issues will be emphasized, namely: opposition, and quasi-truth. After a review of opposition between logical systems [2], its extension to many-valuedness is considered following a special semantics including partial operators [13]. Following this semantic framework, the concepts of antilogic and counterlogic are translated into opposition-forming operators [15] and specified as special cases of contradictoriness and contrariety. Then quasi-truth [5] is introduced (...)
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  36.  5
    Sophistry in Vygotsky: Contributions to the Rhetorical and Poetic Pedagogy.Erika Natacha Fernandes de Andrade & Marcus Vinicius da Cunha - 2020 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 39 (1):85-99.
    This work relates L. S. Vygotsky’s theory to the rhetorical and poetic pedagogy, which is a set of educational ideas and practices derived from the philosophical-educational tradition initiated by the Sophists. It is verified that the Vygotskyan concepts contribute to broaden the foundations of poetic and rhetorical pedagogy, presenting a psychology of language that integrates decorum, kairos and antilogical argumentation within aesthetic experiences; communication sustains knowledge and reflection of reality, aiming at the strengthening of the individual’s identity, the education of (...)
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  37. Koncepcja „zwolenników zmienności” w Platońskim Teajtecie i jej recepcja w myśli greckiej (The Doctrine of the „Adherents of Flux” in Plato’s Theaetetus and its Reception in Greek Thought).Zbigniew Nerczuk - 2016 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 61:29-40.
    The paper discusses the problem of the source of the analogies between philosophical outlook of the Sophists and the skeptical tradition of Pyrrho and his successors. Its main objective is to point out that the similarities in standpoints, arguments and methods between these philosophical phenomena result from the transmission of Plato’s Theaetetus. It is argued that main ideas (phenomenalism, subjectivism, relativity and indeterminacy of things, rejection of being and acceptance of becoming and constant flux, antilogical position consisting in opposing two (...)
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  38.  6
    Structure and Aim in Socratic and Sophistic Method.Evan Rodriguez - 2020 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 23 (1):143-166.
    I begin this paper with a puzzle: why is Plato’s Parmenides replete with references to Gorgias? While the Eleatic heritage and themes in the dialogue are clear, it is less clear what the point would be of alluding to a well-known sophist. I suggest that the answer has to do with the similarities in the underlying methods employed by both Plato and Gorgias. These similarities, as well as Plato’s recognition of them, suggest that he owes a more significant philosophical and (...)
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