Results for 'automaticity'

203 found
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  1. Ethical Automaticity.M. Brownstein & A. Madva - 2012 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (1):68-98.
    Social psychologists tell us that much of human behavior is automatic. It is natural to think that automatic behavioral dispositions are ethically desirable if and only if they are suitably governed by an agent’s reflective judgments. However, we identify a class of automatic dispositions that make normatively self-standing contributions to praiseworthy action and a well-lived life, independently of, or even in spite of, an agent’s reflective judgments about what to do. We argue that the fundamental questions for the "ethics of (...)
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  2. Automaticity in Virtuous Action.Clea F. Rees & Jonathan Webber - 2014 - In Nancy E. Snow & Franco V. Trivigno (eds.), The Philosophy and Psychology of Character and Happiness. Routledge. pp. 75-90.
    Automaticity is rapid and effortless cognition that operates without conscious awareness or deliberative control. An action is virtuous to the degree that it meets the requirements of the ethical virtues in the circumstances. What contribution does automaticity make to the ethical virtue of an action? How far is the automaticity discussed by virtue ethicists consonant with, or even supported by, the findings of empirical psychology? We argue that the automaticity of virtuous action is automaticity not (...)
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  3.  85
    Automaticity in Social-Cognitive Processes.John A. Bargh, Kay L. Schwader, Sarah E. Hailey, Rebecca L. Dyer & Erica J. Boothby - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (12):593-605.
  4.  11
    The Automaticity of Visual Statistical Learning.Nicholas B. Turk-Browne, Justin A. Jungé & Brian J. Scholl - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (4):552-564.
  5. Automaticity, Consciousness and Moral Responsibility.Simon Wigley - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):209-225.
    Cognitive scientists have long noted that automated behavior is the rule, while consciousness acts of self-regulation are the exception to the rule. On the face of it automated actions appear to be immune to moral appraisal because they are not subject to conscious control. Conventional wisdom suggests that sleepwalking exculpates, while the mere fact that a person is performing a well-versed task unthinkingly does not. However, our apparent lack of conscious control while we are undergoing automaticity challenges the idea (...)
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  6.  22
    Beyond Automaticity: The Psychological Complexity of Skill.Elisabeth Pacherie & Myrto Mylopoulos - forthcoming - Topoi:1-14.
    The objective of this paper is to characterize the rich interplay between automatic and cognitive control processes that we propose is the hallmark of skill, in contrast to habit, and what accounts for its flexibility. We argue that this interplay isn't entirely hierarchical and static, but rather heterarchical and dynamic. We further argue that it crucially depends on the acquisition of detailed and well-structured action representations and internal models, as well as the concomitant development of metacontrol processes that can be (...)
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  7. Automaticity in Action: The Unconscious as Repository of Chronic Goals and Motives.John A. Bargh - 1996 - In P. Gollwitzer & John A. Bargh (eds.), The Psychology of Action: Linking Cognition and Motivation to Behavior. Guilford. pp. 457.
  8.  34
    The Automaticity of Everyday Life.R. Wyer (ed.) - 1997 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This 10th book in the series addresses automaticity and how it relates to social behavior.
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  9. On the Automaticity and Ethics of Belief.Uwe Peters - 2017 - Teoria:99–115..
    Recently, philosophers have appealed to empirical studies to argue that whenever we think that p, we automatically believe that p (Millikan 2004; Mandelbaum 2014; Levy and Mandelbaum 2014). Levy and Mandelbaum (2014) have gone further and claimed that the automaticity of believing has implications for the ethics of belief in that it creates epistemic obligations for those who know about their automatic belief acquisition. I use theoretical considerations and psychological findings to raise doubts about the empirical case for the (...)
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  10. Educated Intuitions. Automaticity and Rationality in Moral Judgement.Hanno Sauer - 2012 - Philosophical Explorations 15 (3):255-275.
    Moral judgements are based on automatic processes. Moral judgements are based on reason. In this paper, I argue that both of these claims are true, and show how they can be reconciled. Neither the automaticity of moral judgement nor the post hoc nature of conscious moral reasoning pose a threat to rationalist models of moral cognition. The relation moral reasoning bears to our moral judgements is not primarily mediated by episodes of conscious reasoning, but by the acquisition, formation and (...)
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  11. The Normativity of Automaticity.Michael Brownstein & Alex Madva - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (4):410-434.
    While the causal contributions of so-called ‘automatic’ processes to behavior are now widely acknowledged, less attention has been given to their normative role in the guidance of action. We develop an account of the normativity of automaticity that responds to and builds upon Tamar Szabó Gendler's account of ‘alief’, an associative and arational mental state more primitive than belief. Alief represents a promising tool for integrating psychological research on automaticity with philosophical work on mind and action, but Gendler (...)
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  12. The Automaticity Juggernaut - or, Are We Automatons After All?John F. Kihlstrom - 2008 - In John Baer, James C. Kaufman & Roy F. Baumeister (eds.), Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will. Oup Usa.
  13.  5
    Automaticity of Walking: Functional Significance, Mechanisms, Measurement and Rehabilitation Strategies.David J. Clark - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  14. Habitual Virtuous Actions and Automaticity.Nancy E. Snow - 2006 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (5):545-561.
    Dual process theorists in psychology maintain that the mind’s workings can be explained in terms of conscious or controlled processes and automatic processes. Automatic processes are largely nonconscious, that is, triggered by environmental stimuli without the agent’s conscious awareness or deliberation. Automaticity researchers contend that even higher level habitual social behaviors can be nonconsciously primed. This article brings work on automaticity to bear on our understanding of habitual virtuous actions. After examining a recent intuitive account of habitual actions (...)
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  15.  4
    Automaticity in Virtuous Action.Clea F. Rees & Jonathan Webber - 2014 - In Nancy Snow & Franco Trivigno (eds.), The Philosophy and Psychology of Character and Happiness. London, UK: Routledge. pp. 75-90.
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  16.  18
    Automaticity and Consciousness: Is Perceiving the Word Necessary for Reading It?Joseph Tzelgov, Z. Porat & A. Henik - 1997 - American Journal of Psychology 110:429-48.
  17. The Four Horsemen of Automaticity: Awareness, Intention, Efficiency, and Control in Social Cognition.John A. Bargh - 1994 - In R. Wyer & T. Srull (eds.), Handbook of Social Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  18.  5
    Automaticity in Virtuous Action.Clea F. Rees & Jonathan Webber - 2014 - In Nancy Snow & Franco Trivigno (eds.), The Philosophy and Psychology of Character and Happiness. London: Routledge. pp. 75-90.
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  19. Redefining Automaticity: Unconscious Influences, Awareness, and Control.Larry L. Jacoby, D. Ste-Marie & J. P. Toth - 1993 - In A. D. Baddeley & Lawrence Weiskrantz (eds.), Attention: Selection, Awareness,and Control. Oxford University Press.
  20.  21
    Chronic Automaticity in Addiction: Why Extreme Addiction is a Disorder.Steve Matthews - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (1):199-209.
    Marc Lewis argues that addiction is not a disease, it is instead a dysfunctional outcome of what plastic brains ordinarily do, given the adaptive processes of learning and development within environments where people are seeking happiness, or relief, or escape. They come to obsessively desire substances or activities that they believe will deliver happiness and so on, but this comes to corrupt the normal process of development when it escalates beyond a point of functionality. Such ‘deep learning’ emerges from consumptive (...)
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  21.  29
    Compensatory Automaticity: Unconscious Volition is Not an Oxymoron.Jack Glaser & John F. Kihlstrom - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 171-195.
  22.  18
    Assessing Automaticity in Audiovisual Speech Integration: Evidence From the Speeded Classification Task.S. Soto-Faraco - 2004 - Cognition 92 (3):B13-B23.
  23.  15
    Automaticity in Situ and in Te Lab: The Nature of Habit in Daily Life.David T. Neal & Wendy Wood - 2009 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press. pp. 442--457.
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  24.  3
    Automaticity of Unconscious Response Inhibition: Comment on Chiu and Aron.Zhicheng Lin & Scott O. Murray - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (1):244-254.
  25. The Four Horsemen of Automaticity: Awareness, Efficiency, Intentions and Control.J. Bargh - 1994 - In R. Wyer & T. Srull (eds.), Handbook of Social Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 1040.
  26. Mental Action and the Threat of Automaticity.Wayne Wu - 2013 - In Andy Clark, Julian Kiverstein & Tillman Vierkant (eds.), Decomposing the Will. Oxford University Press. pp. 244-61.
    This paper considers the connection between automaticity, control and agency. Indeed, recent philosophical and psychological works play up the incompatibility of automaticity and agency. Specifically, there is a threat of automaticity, for automaticity eliminates agency. Such conclusions stem from a tension between two thoughts: that automaticity pervades agency and yet automaticity rules out control. I provide an analysis of the notions of automaticity and control that maintains a simple connection: automaticity entails the (...)
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  27.  7
    Automaticity.Thomas J. Palmeri - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
  28. Automaticity in Action.T. P. Wheatley, Daniel M. Wegner, N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences.
  29. Doing Without Deliberation: Automatism, Automaticity, and Moral Accountability,.Neil Levy & Tim Bayne - 2004 - International Review of Psychiatry 16 (4):209-15.
    Actions performed in a state of automatism are not subject to moral evaluation, while automatic actions often are. Is the asymmetry between automatistic and automatic agency justified? In order to answer this question we need a model or moral accountability that does justice to our intuitions about a range of modes of agency, both pathological and non-pathological. Our aim in this paper is to lay the foundations for such an account.
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  30. The Four Horsemen of Automaticity: Intention, Awareness, Efficiency, and Control as Separate Issues.J. A. Bargh - 1994 - In R. Wyer & T. Srull (eds.), Handbook of Social Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 1--1.
  31.  21
    AI Assistants and the Paradox of Internal Automaticity.William A. Bauer & Veljko Dubljević - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (3):303-310.
    What is the ethical impact of artificial intelligence assistants on human lives, and specifically how much do they threaten our individual autonomy? Recently, as part of forming an ethical framework for thinking about the impact of AI assistants on our lives, John Danaher claims that if the external automaticity generated by the use of AI assistants threatens our autonomy and is therefore ethically problematic, then the internal automaticity we already live with should be viewed in the same way. (...)
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  32.  5
    Word Automaticity of Tree Automatic Scattered Linear Orderings is Decidable.Martin Huschenbett - 2012 - In S. Barry Cooper (ed.), How the World Computes. pp. 313--322.
  33. Do We Reflect While Performing Skillful Actions? Automaticity, Control, and the Perils of Distraction.Juan Pablo Bermúdez - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (7):896-924.
    From our everyday commuting to the gold medalist’s world-class performance, skillful actions are characterized by fine-grained, online agentive control. What is the proper explanation of such control? There are two traditional candidates: intellectualism explains skillful agentive control by reference to the agent’s propositional mental states; anti-intellectualism holds that propositional mental states or reflective processes are unnecessary since skillful action is fully accounted for by automatic coping processes. I examine the evidence for three psychological phenomena recently held to support anti-intellectualism and (...)
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  34.  8
    The Normativity of Automaticity.Alex Madva Michael Brownstein - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (4):410-434.
    While the causal contributions of so‐called ‘automatic’ processes to behavior are now widely acknowledged, less attention has been given to their normative role in the guidance of action. We develop an account of the normativity of automaticity that responds to and builds upon Tamar Szabó Gendler's account of ‘alief’, an associative and arational mental state more primitive than belief. Alief represents a promising tool for integrating psychological research on automaticity with philosophical work on mind and action, but Gendler (...)
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  35. Awareness, Automaticity, and Memory Dissociations.J. P. Toth, D. S. Lindsay & Larry L. Jacoby - 1992 - In L. R. Squire & N. Butters (eds.), Neuropsychology of Memory. Guilford Press. pp. 46--57.
  36.  4
    A Neurobiological Theory of Automaticity in Perceptual Categorization.F. Gregory Ashby, John M. Ennis & Brian J. Spiering - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (3):632-656.
  37. On the Automaticity of Emotion.Lisa Feldman Barrett, Kevin N. Ochsner & James J. Gross - 2007 - In John A. Bargh (ed.), Social Psychology and the Unconscious: The Automaticity of Higher Mental Processes. Frontiers of Social Psychology. Psychology Press. pp. 173-217.
  38.  15
    Attention and Automaticity in Processing Facial Expressions.Patrik Vuilleumier & Ruthger Righart - 2011 - In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford University Press. pp. 449--478.
    Attention serves to represent selectively relevant information at the expense of competing and irrelevant information, but the mechanisms and effects of attention are not unitary. The great variety of methods and techniques used to study automaticity and attention for facial expressions suggests that the time should now be ready for a better breaking down of the concepts of automaticity and attention into elementary constituents that are more tractable to investigations in cognitive neuroscience. This article reviews both the behavioral (...)
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  39.  15
    The Role of Automaticity and Attention in Neural Processes Underlying Empathy for Happiness, Sadness, and Anxiety.Sylvia A. Morelli & Matthew D. Lieberman - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  40.  27
    On the Automaticity of Pure Perceptual Sequence Learning.Daphné Coomans, Natacha Deroost, Peter Zeischka & Eric Soetens - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1460-1472.
    We investigated the automaticity of implicit sequence learning by varying perceptual load in a pure perceptual sequence learning paradigm. Participants responded to the randomly changing identity of a target, while the irrelevant target location was structured. In Experiment 1, the target was presented under low or high perceptual load during training, whereas testing occurred without load. Unexpectedly, no sequence learning was observed. In Experiment 2, perceptual load was introduced during the test phase to determine whether load is required to (...)
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  41. Principles of Automaticity.John A. Bargh - 1996 - In E. E. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (eds.), Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles. Guilford. pp. 169--183.
  42.  27
    Degree of Automaticity and the Prefrontal Cortex.Hyeon-Ae Jeon & Angela D. Friederici - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (5):244-250.
  43.  39
    On Automaticity as a Constituent of Virtue.Julia Peters - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (1):165-175.
    A large part of the current debate among virtue ethicists focuses on the role played by phronesis, or wise practical reasoning, in virtuous action. The paradigmatic case of an action expressing phronesis is one where an agent explicitly reflects and deliberates on all practical options in a given situation and eventually makes a wise choice. Habitual actions, by contrast, are typically performed automatically, that is, in the absence of preceding deliberation. Thus they would seem to fall outside of the primary (...)
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  44.  24
    The Mechanics of Imagination: Automaticity and Control in Counterfactual Thinking.Neal J. Roese, Lawrence J. Sanna & Adam D. Galinsky - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 138--170.
  45.  8
    AI Assistants and the Paradox of Internal Automaticity.William A. Bauer & Veljko Dubljević - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (3):303-310.
    What is the ethical impact of artificial intelligence assistants on human lives, and specifically how much do they threaten our individual autonomy? Recently, as part of forming an ethical framework for thinking about the impact of AI assistants on our lives, John Danaher claims that if the external automaticity generated by the use of AI assistants threatens our autonomy and is therefore ethically problematic, then the internal automaticity we already live with should be viewed in the same way. (...)
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  46.  50
    Being-in-the-Flow: Expert Coping as Beyond Both Thought and Automaticity.Joshua Bergamin - 2017 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 16 (3):403-424.
    Hubert Dreyfus argues that explicit thought disrupts smooth coping at both the level of everyday tasks and of highly-refined skills. However, Barbara Montero criticises Dreyfus for extending what she calls the ‘principle of automaticity’ from our everyday actions to those of trained experts. In this paper, I defend Dreyfus’ account while refining his phenomenology. I examine the phenomenology of what I call ‘esoteric’ expertise to argue that the explicit thought Montero invokes belongs rather to ‘gaps’ between or above moments (...)
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  47.  50
    Implementing Flexibility in Automaticity: Evidence From Context-Specific Implicit Sequence Learning.Maria C. D’Angelo, Bruce Milliken, Luis Jiménez & Juan Lupiáñez - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):64-81.
    Attention is often dichotomized into controlled vs. automatic processing, where controlled processing is slow, flexible, and intentional, and automatic processing is fast, inflexible, and unintentional. In contrast to this strict dichotomy, there is mounting evidence for context-specific processes that are engaged rapidly yet are also flexible. In the present study we extend this idea to the domain of implicit learning to examine whether flexibility in automatic processes can be implemented through the reliance on contextual features. Across three experiments we show (...)
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  48.  4
    AI Assistants and the Paradox of Internal Automaticity.William A. Bauer & Veljko Dubljević - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (3):303-310.
    What is the ethical impact of artificial intelligence assistants on human lives, and specifically how much do they threaten our individual autonomy? Recently, as part of forming an ethical framework for thinking about the impact of AI assistants on our lives, John Danaher claims that if the external automaticity generated by the use of AI assistants threatens our autonomy and is therefore ethically problematic, then the internal automaticity we already live with should be viewed in the same way. (...)
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  49.  5
    Restructuring Versus Automaticity: Alternative Accounts of Skill Acquisition.Patricia W. Cheng - 1985 - Psychological Review 92 (3):414-423.
  50.  1
    Winner of the Philosophical Explorations Essay Prize 2012 Educated Intuitions. Automaticity and Rationality in Moral Judgement.Hanno Sauer - 2012 - Philosophical Explorations 15 (3):96-96.
    Moral judgements are based on automatic processes. Moral judgements are based on reason. In this paper, I argue that both of these claims are true, and show how they can be reconciled. Neither the automaticity of moral judgement nor the post hoc nature of conscious moral reasoning pose a threat to rationalist models of moral cognition. The relation moral reasoning bears to our moral judgements is not primarily mediated by episodes of conscious reasoning, but by the acquisition, formation and (...)
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