Results for 'basic justification'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Basic Justification and the Moorean Response to the Skeptic.Nicholas Silins - 2008 - In Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 2. Oxford University Press.
    My focus will be on two questions about Moore’s justification to believe the premises and the conclusion of the argument above. At stake is what makes it possible for our experiences to justify our beliefs, and what makes it possible for us to be justified in disbelieving skeptical..
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  2. Reliabilist Justification: Basic, Easy, and Brute. [REVIEW]Jesper Kallestrup - 2009 - Acta Analytica 24 (3):155-171.
    Process reliabilists hold that in order for a belief to be justified, it must result from a reliable cognitive process. They also hold that a belief can be basically justified: justified in this manner without having any justification to believe that belief is reliably produced. Fumerton (1995), Vogel (2000), and Cohen (2002) have objected that such basic justification leads to implausible easy justification by means of either epistemic closure principles or so-called track record arguments. I argue (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  3. Basic Justification and the Moorean Response to the Skeptic.Nico Silins - 2007 - In Tamar Szabo Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology: Volume 2. Oxford University Press.
  4. The Basic Notion of Justification.Jonathan L. Kvanvig & Christopher Menzel - 1990 - Philosophical Studies 59 (3):235-261.
    Epistemologists often offer theories of justification without paying much attention to the variety and diversity of locutions in which the notion of justification appears. For example, consider the following claims which contain some notion of justification: B is a justified belief, S's belief that p is justified, p is justified for S, S is justified in believing that p, S justifiably believes that p, S's believing p is justified, there is justification for S to believe that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  5.  13
    Critical Theory of Justice: On Forst's 'Basic Structure of Justification' From a Cognitive-Sociological Perspective.Piet Strydom - 2015 - Philosophical Inquiry 39 (2):110-133.
    This article offers a perspective on the critical theory of justice by presenting a structural and processual reconstruction of Rainer Forst’s intriguing yet somewhatopaque concept of a basic structure of justification which is central to his proposed critique of justificatory relations. It shows from a cognitive-sociological perspective what a cooperative relation between a philosophical theory of justice and a social scientific approach could mean for critical theory. A basic structure of justification is revealed to be a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  6.  32
    Basic Desert, Conceptual Revision, and Moral Justification.Nadine Elzein - 2013 - Philosophical Explorations 16 (2):1-14.
    I examine Manuel Vargas's revisionist justification for continuing with our responsibility-characteristic practices in the absence of basic desert. I query his claim that this justification need not depend on how we settle questions about the content of morality, arguing that it requires us to reject the Kantian principle that prohibits treating anyone merely as a means. I maintain that any convincing argument against this principle would have to be driven by concerns that arise within the sphere of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7.  1
    Moral Education and the Justification of Basic Moral Standards: Replies to Clayton, Stevens and D’Olimpio.Michael Hand - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (4):529-539.
    ABSTRACTMatthew Clayton, David Stevens and Laura D’Olimpio have advanced a series of objections to arguments I set out in my recent book A Theory of Moral Education – in particular to the problem-of-sociality justification for basic moral standards. Here I reply to their objections.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  18
    Self-Ownership, Liberal Neutrality and the Realm of Freedom: New Reflections on the Justification of Basic Income.Simon Birnbaum - 2013 - Jurisprudence 4 (2):344-357.
    Self-Ownership, Liberal Neutrality and the Realm of Freedom: New Reflections on the Justification of Basic Income. A review of Axel Gosseries and Yannick Vanderborght (eds), Arguing about Justice: Essays for Philippe Van Parijs.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  34
    Sharing Job Resources: Ethical Reflections on the Justification of Basic Income.Jurgen De Wispelaere - 2000 - Analyse & Kritik 22 (2):237-256.
    Philippe Van Parijs's ethical justification of basic income is based on the argument that job resources must be shared equally. Underlying this idea are two important claims: all individuals in society hold an ex ante entitlement in job resources and job resources are tradable. First, I present the real-libertarian argument for sharing job resources. Next, I identify and critically review three different objections against this view: the liability objection, the cooperation objection and the parasitism objection. I believe the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  39
    Do We Really Want a Moral Justification of Our Basic Ideals?James R. Flynn - 1974 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 17 (1-4):151 – 173.
    It is commonly held that when there is a conflict of basic ideals, e.g. a humane man v. an elitist or a Social Darwinist or someone who holds a revenge ethic, no moral justification is possible. This paper attempts to go further and show that such a justification would be undesirable, would carry a price few would be willing to pay. The thesis is developed to shed light not only on classical thinkers (Plato, Locke, Kant) but also (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  72
    The Basic Nature of Epistemic Justification.Earl Conee - 1988 - The Monist 71 (3):389-404.
    The leading approaches to the nature of epistemic justification are the sides taken in two controversies: coherentism versus foundationalism, and externalism versus internalism. The former dispute has time-tested durability; the latter threatens to become equally persistent. Nevertheless, it will be argued here that these controversies have satisfactory resolutions. It will be argued that each of the four approaches is fundamentally right. Each has a plausible core that combines consistently with the others. This paper offers a prolegomenon. Its goals are (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  12. Conservatism, Basic Beliefs, and the Diachronic and Social Nature of Epistemic Justification.Jeremy Koons - 2006 - Episteme 2 (3):203-218.
    Discussions of conservatism in epistemology often fail to demonstrate that the principle of conservatism is supported by epistemic considerations. In this paper, I hope to show two things. First, there is a defensible version of the principle of conservatism, a version that applies only to what I will call our basic beliefs. Those who deny that conservatism is supported by epistemic considerations do so because they fail to take into account the necessarily social, diachronic and self-correcting nature of our (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. The Justification of the Basic Laws of Logic.Gillian Russell - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (6):793-803.
    Take a correct sequent of formal logic, perhaps a simple logical truth, like the law of excluded middle, or something with premises, like disjunctive syllogism, but basically a claim of the form \.Γ can be empty. If you don’t like my examples, feel free to choose your own, everything I have to say should apply to those as well. Such a sequent attributes the properties of logical truth or logical consequence to a schematic sentence or argument. This paper aims to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  14.  51
    On Rawls’s Basic Structure: Forms of Justification and The Subject Matter of Social Philosophy.Joseph Mendola - 1988 - The Monist 71 (3):437-454.
    This paper argues that social and political philosophy should evaluate how groups justify, the reasons they accept. This conception arises out of a critical examination of Rawls’s notion of the basic structure of society.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  19
    Basic Beliefs and the Regress of Justification: A Reply to Yalcin.Steven Rappaport - 1993 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (4):527-533.
    In a previous paper "A Mistake About Foundationalism" [_The Southern Journal of Philosophy (1992) Vol. 30:111-125] I try to show that the conception of foundationalism used by critics like Sellars and Lehrer distort the foundationalist's idea of a basic belief. Foundationalists view basic beliefs as ones that do not depend on other beliefs. The Sellars-Lehrer conception misrepresents the way the foundationalist's basic beliefs are independent of other beliefs. In a reply to my paper, Yalcin criticizes my line (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  4
    On Rawls’s Basic Structure: Forms of Justification and the Subject Matter of Social Philosophy.Joseph Mendola - 1988 - The Monist 71 (3):437-454.
    This paper argues that social and political philosophy should evaluate how groups justify, the reasons they accept. This conception arises out of a critical examination of Rawls’s notion of the basic structure of society.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. The Justification of Human Rights and the Basic Right to Justification: A Reflexive Approach.Rainer Forst - 2010 - Ethics 120 (4):711-740.
  18.  9
    The Justification of Basic Rights.Rainer Forst - 2016 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 45 (3):7-28.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  19. The Basic Right to Justification: Towards a Constructivist Conception of Human Rights.Rainer Forst - 1999 - Constellations 6 (1):35-60.
  20. Suppositional Reasoning and Perceptual Justification.Stewart Cohen - 2016 - Logos and Episteme 7 (2):215-219.
    James Van Cleve raises some objections to my attempt to solve the bootstrapping problem for what I call “basic justification theories.” I argue that given 1 the inference rules endorsed by basic justification theorists, we are a priori (propositionally) justified in believing that perception is reliable. This blocks the bootstrapping result.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  9
    On the Justification of Basic Rights.Laura Valentini - 2016 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 45 (3):52-63.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22. Public Justification of What? Coercion Vs. Decision as Competing Frames for the Basic Principle of Justificatory Liberalism.Andrew Lister - 2011 - Public Affairs Quarterly 25 (4):349-365.
    Broadly speaking, the principle of public justifiability requires that the exercise of political power be justifiable to each and every person over whom that power is exercised. The idea of being justifiable to every person means being acceptable to any reasonable or otherwise qualified person, without such persons having to give up the comprehensive religious or philosophical doctrine they reasonably espouse. Public justifiability thus involves a partly idealized unanimity requirement, or as I will say, a criterion of multi-perspectival acceptability. The (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  23.  5
    The Justification of Basic Rights: A Response to Forst.Glen Newey - 2016 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 45 (3):64-75.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  70
    Basic Knowledge and Justification.Robert F. Almeder - 1983 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):115-127.
  25.  14
    Max Black. Introduction. A Reprint of XVI 298. Philosophical Analysis, A Collection of Essays, Edited by Max Black, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1963, Pp. 1–13. - Alice Ambrose. The Problem of Linguistic Inadequacy. A Reprint of XVI 298. Philosophical Analysis, A Collection of Essays, Edited by Max Black, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1963, Pp. 14–35. - A. J. Ayer. Basic Propositions. A Reprint of XVI 299. Philosophical Analysis, A Collection of Essays, Edited by Max Black, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1963, Pp. 57–70. - Roderick M. Chisholm. The Theory of Appearing. A Reprint of XVI 299. Philosophical Analysis, A Collection of Essays, Edited by Max Black, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1963, Pp. 97–112. - Herbert Feigl. De Principiis Non Disputandum...? On the Meaning and the Limits of Justification. A Reprint of XVI 299. Philosophical Analysis, A Collection of Essays, Edited by Max Black, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1963, Pp. 113–147. -. [REVIEW]Ann M. Singleterry - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (4):675-676.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  55
    The Nature of Basic Beliefs and the Regress of Justification.Ümit D. Yalcin - 1993 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (4):519-525.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Public Justification: The Function of the Idea of Basic Structure of Society in Rawls.Denis Coitinho Silveira - 2011 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 52 (123):197-211.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  34
    Public Justification of What? Coercion Vs. Decision as Competing Frames for the Basic Principle of Justificatory Liberalism.Andrew Lister - 2011 - Public Affairs Quaterly 25 (4):349-367.
    Broadly speaking, the principle of public justifiability requires that the exercise of political power be justifiable to each and every person over whom that power is exercised. The idea of being justifiable to every person means being acceptable to any reasonable or otherwise qualified person , without such persons having to give up the comprehensive religious or philosophical doctrine they reasonably espouse. Public justifiability thus involves a partly idealized unanimity requirement, or as I will say, a criterion of multi-perspectival acceptability. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  28
    On Basic Knowledge Without Justification.Paul K. Moser - 1985 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 15 (2):305 - 310.
  30.  19
    Basic Beliefs and the Regress of Justification: A Reply to Yalcin.Steven Rappaport - 1993 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (4):527-533.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  15
    On Basic Knowledge and Justification.Bredo C. Johnsen - 1985 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 15 (4):625 - 628.
  32.  4
    On Basic Knowledge Without Justification.Paul K. Moser - 1985 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 15 (2):305-310.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  6
    'Consensus in Basic Truths': Lutherans and Roman Catholics on Justification.[Article Presented as One of the Halifax-Portal Lectures, on 9 May 2000.]. [REVIEW]Denis Edwards - 2001 - The Australasian Catholic Record 78 (2):186.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  48
    "Antiscepticism and Easy Justification" - Ch 5 of Seemings and Justification (Forthcoming).Luca Moretti - manuscript
    In this chapter I investigate epistemological consequences of the fact that seeming-based justification is elusive, in the sense that the subject can lose this justification simply by reflecting on her seemings. I argue that since seeming-based justification is elusive, the antisceptical bite of phenomenal conservatism is importantly limited. I also contend that since seeming-based justification has this feature, phenomenal conservatism isn’t actually afflicted by easy justification problems.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Basic Knowledge First.Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa - 2017 - Episteme 14 (3):343-361.
    An infuential twenty-first century philosophical project posits a central role for knowledge: knowledge is more fundamental than epistemic states like belief and justification. So-called “knowledge first” theorists find support for this thought in identifying central theoretical roles for knowledge. I argue that a similar methodology supports a privileged role for more specific category of basic knowledge. Some of the roles that knowledge first theorists have posited for knowledge generally are better suited for basic knowledge.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  52
    Foundationlist Theories of Epistemic Justification.Ali Hasan & Richard Fumerton - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37. Internalism and Properly Basic Belief.Matthew Davidson & Gordon Barnes - 2012 - In David Werther Mark Linville (ed.), Philosophy and the Christian Worldview : Analysis, Assessment and Development. Continuum.
    In this paper we set out a view on which internalist proper basicality is secured by sensory experience.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  60
    Privacy and Justification.Alexandra Couto - 2006 - Res Publica 12 (3):223-248.
    In this paper, I aim to demonstrate the importance of liberal engagement in public debate, in the face of Nagel’s claim that respect for privacy requires liberals to withdraw from their ‘control of the culture’. The paper starts by outlining a pluralist conception of privacy. I then proceed to examine whether there really is liberal cultural control, as Nagel affirms it, and whether such control truly involves a violation of privacy. Moreover, I argue that Nagel’s desire to leave the social (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  57
    Basic Income and the Problem of Cumulative Misfortune.Simon Wigley - 2006 - Basic Income Studies 1 (2).
    This paper defends a regularly paid basic income as being better equipped to tackle unfair inequalities of outcome. It is argued that the timing of "option-luck" failures – in particular, whether they occur early in a lifetime of calculated gambles, and whether they are clustered together – may lead to a form of "brute bad luck," referred to as "cumulative misfortune." A basic income that is paid on a regular basis provides a way to prevent the emergence of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  47
    Baby Steps: Basic Income and the Need for Incremental Organizational Development.Jason B. Murphy - 2010 - Basic Income Studies 5 (1):Article 7.
    Antipoverty movements have generated many “little” or “near” basic income guarantee (BIG) proposals. Most theorists discussing BIG posit a full-fledged universal grant that entirely satisfies the core value guiding their theory. Debates are conducted about feasibility, desirability and rival values. This article looks into particular considerations that need to be made when debating a little BIG. If a “status” value, meaning “all or nothing,” is the core value under debate, then a grant falling short of securing this status will (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  22
    The Place of Informal Logic in Philosophy.James B. Freeman - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (2).
    We argue that informal logic is epistemological. Two central questions concern premise acceptability and connection adequacy. Both may be explicated in tenns of justification, a central epistemological concept. That some premises are basic parallels a foundationalist account of basic beliefs and epistemic support. Some epistemological accounts of these concepts may advance the analysis of premise acceptability and connection adequacy. Infonnallogic has implications for other aspects of philosophy. If causal interpretations are acceptable premises and thus justified, does the (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  95
    The Right to Justification: Elements of a Constructivist Theory of Justice.Rainer Forst - 2011 - Columbia University Press.
    Introduction: the foundation of justice -- Practical reason and justifying reasons: on the foundation of morality -- Moral autonomy and the autonomy of morality : toward a theory of normativity after Kant -- Ethics and morality -- The justification of justice: Rawls's political liberalism and Habermas's discourse theory in dialogue -- Political liberty: integrating five conceptions of autonomy -- A critical theory of multicultural toleration -- The rule of reasons: three models of deliberative democracy -- Social justice, justification, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  43. Emotional Justification.Santiago Echeverri - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (3):541-566.
    Theories of emotional justification investigate the conditions under which emotions are epistemically justified or unjustified. I make three contributions to this research program. First, I show that we can generalize some familiar epistemological concepts and distinctions to emotional experiences. Second, I use these concepts and distinctions to display the limits of the ‘simple view’ of emotional justification. On this approach, the justification of emotions stems only from the contents of the mental states they are based on, also (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  44. Justification, Coercion, and the Place of Public Reason.Chad Van Schoelandt - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (4):1031-1050.
    Public reason accounts commonly claim that exercises of coercive political power must be justified by appeal to reasons accessible to all citizens. Such accounts are vulnerable to the objection that they cannot legitimate coercion to protect basic liberal rights against infringement by deeply illiberal people. This paper first elaborates the distinctive interpersonal conception of justification in public reason accounts in contrast to impersonal forms of justification. I then detail a core dissenter-based objection to public reason based on (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  45. The Separateness of Persons: A Moral Basis for a Public Justification Requirement.Jason Tyndal - 2017 - Journal of Value Inquiry 51 (3):491-505.
    In morally grounding a public justification requirement, public reason liberals frequently invoke the idea that persons should be construed as “free and equal.” But this tells us little with regard to what it is about us that makes us free or how a claim about our status as persons can ultimately ground a requirement of public justification. In light of this worry, I argue that a public justification requirement can be grounded in a Nozick-inspired argument from the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Phenomenal Conservatism, Justification, and Self-Defeat.Moti Mizrahi - 2014 - Logos and Episteme 5 (1):103-110.
    In this paper, I argue that Phenomenal Conservatism (PC) is not superior to alternative theories of basic propositional justification insofar as those theories that reject PC are self-defeating. I show that self-defeat arguments similar to Michael Huemer’s Self-Defeat Argument for PC can be constructed for other theories of basic propositional justification as well. If this is correct, then there is nothing special about PC in that respect. In other words, if self-defeat arguments can be advanced in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  47. Difficult Cases and the Epistemic Justification of Moral Belief.Joshua Schechter - 2017 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 12.
    This paper concerns the epistemology of difficult moral cases where the difficulty is not traceable to ignorance about non-moral matters. The paper first argues for a principle concerning the epistemic status of moral beliefs about difficult moral cases. The basic idea behind the principle is that one’s belief about the moral status of a potential action in a difficult moral case is not justified unless one has some appreciation of what the relevant moral considerations are and how they bear (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  94
    Do All Persons Have Equal Moral Worth? On "Basic Equality" and Equal Respect and Concern.Uwe Steinhoff (ed.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    In present-day political and moral philosophy the idea that all persons are in some way moral equals is an almost universal premise, with its defenders often claiming that philosophical positions that reject the principle of equal respect and concern do not deserve to be taken seriously. This has led to relatively few attempts to clarify, or indeed justify, 'basic equality' and the principle of equal respect and concern. Such clarification and justification, however, would be direly needed. After all, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  49. Legitimacy, Democracy and Public Justification: Rawls' Political Liberalism Versus Gaus' Justificatory Liberalism.Enzo Rossi - 2014 - Res Publica 20 (1):9-25.
    Public justification-based accounts of liberal legitimacy rely on the idea that a polity’s basic structure should, in some sense, be acceptable to its citizens. In this paper I discuss the prospects of that approach through the lens of Gerald Gaus’ critique of John Rawls’ paradigmatic account of democratic public justification. I argue that Gaus does succeed in pointing out some significant problems for Rawls’ political liberalism; yet his alternative, justificatory liberalism, is not voluntaristic enough to satisfy the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  50. Entitlement, Justification, and the Bootstrapping Problem.Jon Altschul - 2012 - Acta Analytica 27 (4):345-366.
    According to the bootstrapping problem, any view that allows for basic knowledge (knowledge obtained from a reliable source prior to one’s knowing that that source is reliable) is forced to accept that one can utilize a track-record argument to acquire justification for believing that one’s belief source is reliable; yet, we tend to think that acquiring justification in this way is too easy. In this paper I argue, first, that those who respond to the bootstrapping problem by (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000