Results for 'bendrieji teisės principai'

111 found
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  1.  33
    Prevention of Corruption in Public Procurement: Importance of General Legal Principles.Anatoly Krivinsh & Andrejs Vilks - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (1):235-247.
    The article “Prevention of corruption in public procurement: importance of general legal principles” examines the importance of general legal principles in the sphere of public purchases. The purpose of the work is to analyse the information on possible methods of prevention of and fight against corruption. The main result of the work is the conclusion that strict adherence to the general legal principles is one of the corruption-reducing factors. While combating corruption in the field of public procurement, general legal principles (...)
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  2.  44
    Criminal Liability as a Last Resort (Ultima Ratio): Theory and Reality.Oleg Fedosiuk - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (2):715-738.
    The modern Lithuanian legal doctrine recognises that criminal liability is a last resort (ultima ratio) protecting the society from various law violations. This idea has got deep roots in criminology and is obviously based on the position of rational approach towards the state criminal policy. However, it is not clear whether it is of obligatory legal status to the legislature and the courts. This article attempts to present the idea of a last resort as a concept based on the constitutional (...)
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  3.  28
    The Effect of Change in Circumstances on the Performance of Contract.Egidijus Baranauskas & Paulius Zapolskis - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 118 (4):197-216.
    The authors of this article use systemic, comparative and historical methods to review the most representative legal systems – rench, English and German – and analyse how these legal systems deal with the effects of change in circumstances on the performance of a contract. The authors also discuss solutions adopted by scholar groups working on supranational contract law (soft law) instruments, namely, UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts and Principles of European Contract Law, stressing that these sets of principles have (...)
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  4.  18
    Asylum Law or Criminal Law: Blame, Deterrence and the Criminalisation of the Asylum.Paresh Kathrani - 2011 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 18 (4):1543-1554.
    Although the Refugee Convention 1951 generally provided that contracting states should recognise those who came within its definition as refugees, it did not prescribe how contracting states should determine this in order to enable them to balance this obligation with their national interests. However, evidence from the background and drafting of the Refugee Convention 1951 suggests that the provisions that a contracting states would implement in order to protect its interests would be commensurate with the human rights spirit of the (...)
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  5.  12
    Criminal Legislation Against Illegal Income and Corruption: Between Good Intentions and Legitimacy.Oleg Fedosiuk - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (3):1215-1233.
    Recently (2010–2011) new criminal legislation to combat illegal income and corruption was passed and publicly discussed in Lithuania. Within the list of the new legal measures, special attention should be paid to criminalisation of illicit enrichment, establishment of a model of extended property confiscation, reinforcement of responsibility for corruption-related offenses, a provision that not only property but also personal benefits may constitute a bribe. It can be seen from the explanatory letters attached to the draft laws and the political debate (...)
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  6.  6
    Interpretation Game or How to Make Law Without Parliament.Valentinas Mikelėnas - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 116 (2):79-92.
    The contemporary State power is concentrated in the hands of the legislative, executive and judicial powers, which is traditionally referred to as the principle of the division of State power. The separation of State power and the attribution of the function of the interpretation and application of statutory law to courts were like “letting the genie out of the bottle”. Having started with a mechanical application of the statutory law, the courts, armed with various doctrines on interpretation of law, have (...)
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  7.  7
    Tax Law System and Charging Principles.Egidija Puzinskaitė & Romanas Klišauskas - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (2):675-695.
    Relying on the systematic, logical, and analytical methods, national legislation and some internationally accepted guidelines, as well as on the research conducted by the Lithuanian scientists and law practitioners, this article consistently and comprehensively deals with the problems arising in the areas of interpretation and application of tax law. The article examines the relevant tax concepts, studies the tax law system, deals with the relevant issues arising in the field of application of legal regulations on taxation, and provides a particularly (...)
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  8. Teisės Teorija: Vadovėlis.A. Vaišvila - 2004 - Justitia.
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  9. Antikinė Teisingumo Samprata Ir Jos Įtaka Vakarų Teisės Tradicijai: Monografija.Linas Baublys - 2005 - Mykolo Romerio Universitetas.
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  10.  24
    Viešasis administravimas kaip Lietuvos administracines teisės reguliavimo dalykas: kai kurie probleminiai aspektai.Gytis Kuncevičius & Violeta Kosmačaitė - 2014 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 21 (1):141-163.
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  11.  22
    Nusikalstamos veikos ir administracinio teisės pažeidimo atribojimo problemos: teisės pažeidimai, susiję su disponavimu narkotinėmis ar psichotropinėmis medžiagomis.Darius Pranka - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (4):1510-1523.
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  12.  20
    Fikcijos Baudžiamajame Procese: Tarp Ontologinės “Tikrovės”, Teisėkūros Ir Teisės Taikymo.Salomėja Zaksaitė - 2014 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 21 (1):244-258.
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  13.  21
    Teismo precedentas kaip teisės šaltinis Lietuvoje: oficiali konstitucinė doktrina, teisinio mąstymo stereotipai ir kontrargumentai.Egidijus Kūris - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 116 (2):131-149.
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  14.  5
    Frege’s–Geacho problema, modus ponens ir teisės kalba.Vitaly Ogleznev - 2018 - Problemos 93:167.
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  15.  8
    Kai Kurie Teisės Į Laisvus Rinkimus Interpretavimo Europos Žmogaus Teisių Teismo Jurisprudencijoje Aspektai.Indrė Pukanasytė - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 115 (1):155-182.
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  16.  7
    Teismų Kreipimasis Į Konstitucinį Teismą Kaip Darbo Teisės Konstitucionalizacijos Prielaida.Rytis Krasauskas - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (4):1329-1348.
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  17.  8
    Jurisprudencijos Moksliškumo Kriterijai Šiuolaikinėje Teisės Filosofijoje.Saulius Arlauskas - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 118 (4):247-264.
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  18.  7
    Junginių teisės vaidmuo įgyvendinant teisinės valstybės doktriną lietuvos didžiojoje kunigaikštystėje.Aristokratinei Valstybei Alternatyvi - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 121 (3):39-53.
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  19.  6
    Taikytinos Teisės Pasirinkimo Darbo Teisiniuose Santykiuose Galimybės Pagal “Roma I” Reglamentą.Justinas Usonis & Augustina Martinėlytė - 2014 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 21 (3):645-666.
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  20.  6
    Teisės studijų tobulinimo gairės esminių aukštojo mokslo kokybės užtikrinimo.Parametrų Kontekste - 2011 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 18 (3):1177-1194.
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  21.  5
    Jūrininkų darbo ir socialinės teisės pagal MLC 2006.Oleg Drobitko - 2014 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 21 (2):504-528.
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  22.  5
    Teisės vaidmens silpnėjimas komercializuotoje visuomenėje.Vytautas Šlapkauskas - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 118 (4):265-284.
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  23.  4
    Vytautas raudeliūnas–lietuvos teisės istorikas.Vidmantė Giedraitytė & Antanas Šenavičius - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 117 (3):129-144.
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  24.  3
    Kokių įstatymų ir kitų teisės aktų atitiktį Konstitucijai tiria Konstitucinis Teismas?Vytautas Sinkevičius - 2014 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 21 (3):907-923.
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  25.  66
    On Human Rights in Healthcare: Some Remarks on Limits of the Right to Healthcare.Jonas Juškevičius & Janina Balsienė - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 122 (4):95-110.
    Notwithstanding the expectations related to the ‘invasion’ of human rights into the field of healthcare, the complexity of this field raises some problematic questions about the applicability of such a legal instrument. The present paper analyses the possible limits to the content of the core right to healthcare. These limits are discussed through the examination of two normative pillars of health law: the right to individual self-determination (or the principle of individual autonomy) and the right to healthcare itself. The authors (...)
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  26.  39
    The Arab Charter on Human Rights: The Naissance of New Regional Human Rights System or a Challenge to the Universality of Human Rights?Dalia Vitkauskaite-Meurice - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 119 (1):165-180.
    The issue of human rights has always been a matter shared by politicians, lawyers, philosophers and sociologists. Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights scholars and human rights activists have discussed whether the Declaration has become a symbol of human rights universality. Two decades later Muslim states have started discussions if human rights are indeed universal. They argued that human rights is a product of western imperialism and therefore the Arab states are not bound by the human (...)
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  27.  81
    Limiting of the Right to Privacy in the Context of Protection of National Security.Birutė Pranevičienė - 2011 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 18 (4):1609-1622.
    For the last several decades, ensuring human rights and national security have remained an important goal and a condition for existence of every state. The interests of national security often presuppose the need to narrow some natural rights, such as, for example, the right to privacy, the right to secrecy of communication, etc. Traditional concept of security is related to ensuring national security. According to the traditional concept of security, the state is considered the main object of security; therefore, the (...)
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  28.  50
    Response to Large-Scale Atrocities: Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect.Saulius Katuoka & Agnė Čepinskytė - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 121 (3):157-175.
    The United Nations has shown recurrent inability to respond to international threats caused by severe human rights violations and thus failed to perform one of its main function—preservation of international peace and security in the world. This evidenced gaps in the United Nations, caused mainly by the veto right in the voting system within the Security Council and limited powers of the General Assembly. The international community gave a twofold answer to this problem: radical humanitarian intervention and the recent concept (...)
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  29.  49
    When is the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights Applicable at National Level?Allan Rosas - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (4):1269-1288.
    Whilst the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, which became part of binding primary EU law on 1 December 2009, constitutes an important codification and clarification of fundamental rights as they exist in the European Union, the field of application of the Charter is limited in a significant way: the Charter only applies when EU law is at stake. When national courts and authorities in the EU Member States are confronted with problems of purely national law, they are (...)
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  30.  42
    Reservations to Human Rights Treaties: Problematic Aspects Related to Gender Issues.Aistė Akstinienė - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (2):451-468.
    In this article the author analyses specific reservations that are being done to the international documents for the protection of human rights and whether Vienna Convention on the Law of the Treaties applies to those human rights treaties or not. Also, the author analyses if reservations, which are incompatible with object and purpose of the treaty, can be done or not and what consequences they might bring. For this reason the author describes the practice of the state members under the (...)
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  31.  39
    Member States Liability in Damages for the Breach of European Union Law – Legal Basis and Conditions for Liability.Agnė Vaitkevičiūtė - 2011 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 18 (1):49-68.
    This article analyses the legal basics of the Member States liability in damages for the breach of European Union law and the conditions for liability. It is emphasized that the Member States liability in damages for the breach of European Union law has three different grounds—one direct legal background (Article 4 of the Treaty of the European Union) and two indirect basics—principles of direct effect and that of effectiveness of European Union law. The author subsequently examines the content of each (...)
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  32.  31
    The Relationship Between Member State Liability in Damages for Breach of the European Union Law and State Responsibility for Breach of International Law.Agnė Vaitkevičiūtė - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (1):71-86.
    This article analyses that state responsibility in international law is contractual liability, as a state infringes its obligations to another state (states), stemming out of international law. Member State liability in damages to a private party for breach of European Union law is, contrarily, non-contractual liability to a private party. Having analysed the elements of internationally wrongful act, it is stated that the elements of internationally wrongful act can be used to determine the elements of breach of the European Union (...)
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  33.  28
    Security Assessment of Teachers' Right to Healthy and Safe Working Environment: Data from a Mass Written Survey (article in Lithuanian).Gediminas Merkys, Algimantas Urmonas & Daiva Bubelienė - 2011 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 18 (2):575-594.
    This paper presents the results of an empirical study that reflects monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of some legal acts on the labour of the Republic of Lithuania. The analysis of legal documents at the national and international level is provided. A review of cognate studies conducted by foreign and Lithuanian researchers is presented and the professional situation of a Lithuanian teacher from the employee rights perspective is highlighted. The professional activities contexts and sectors, wherein systematic violations of teachers’ (...)
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  34.  28
    Human Life as Legal Value and its Protection in the Roman Law (article in Lithuanian).Marius Jonaitis & Albertas Milinis - 2011 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 18 (3):821-840.
    Right to life is an essential natural right protected and defended by law. The aim of this publication is to discuss the main issues regarding human right to life and its protection in the Roman law. Article deals with the problems of beginning and end of the human life and legal capacity in Rome, elements of legal protection of slaves and family members subject to pater familias life as well as the principle crimes attempting to human life. First of all, (...)
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  35.  28
    The Principle of Freedom in the Law of Democratic Country.Saulius Arlauskas & Daiva Petrėnaitė - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (2):407-428.
    Although the need of freedom is definite, the concept of individual freedom, while being interpreted with legal terms, causes not only theoretical, but also practical problems. The observed two extremes of freedom are defined as any human self-expression as well as the license, where the state power is generally attributed to disregard personal freedom. In this article the freedom of expression and state enforcement jurisdiction dichotomy are addressed by discussing positive and negative conceptions of freedom and the relationship between the (...)
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  36.  29
    Responsibility of Transnational Corporations for Human Rights Violations: Deficiencies of International Legal Background and Solutions Offered by National and Regional Legal Tools.Saulius Katuoka & Monika Dailidaitė - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (4):1301-1316.
    The article deals with the question how transnational corporations can bear direct responsibility for human rights abuses they commit by analysing the deficiencies of the current international legal background with respect to human rights and transnational corporations, and the solutions offered by national and regional legal tools. By establishing that current international law is incapable of reducing or compensating for governance gaps, the case law analysis shows that the litigation system under the Alien Tort Claims Act in the United States (...)
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  37.  28
    Protection of Human Rights under the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Union Law (text only in Lithuanian).Danutė Jočienė - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 121 (3):97-113.
    The system of the European Convention on Human Rights created in 1950 is still regarded as the most important and effective regional system for the protection of human rights in the whole world. However, the experience of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has clearly showed that the steady growth in the number of cases brought before the ECHR makes it increasingly difficult to keep the length of proceedings within the acceptable limits and to maintain the effectiveness of the (...)
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  38.  27
    Social Contract Theory and the International Normative Order: A New Global Ethic?Paresh Kathrani - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 119 (1):97-109.
    Although people establish norms that enable them to live together, some of these have to be coupled with a system of enforcement. This conforms to broad social contract theory and can also be applied to the international sphere. The international community is also based on a system of norms. However, unlike the domestic context, there is no overreaching authority to direct states on what they should do. Rather it is left to states themselves to police this framework. However, this has (...)
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  39.  28
    Rights in the Context of Counter-Terrorism Measures: United States of America.Andrius Lygutas - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 117 (3):145-161.
    The terror attacks of September 11, 2001, facilitated a transformation in federal Governance in the United States of America (hereinafter – the USA). The events of that day showed that the counter-terrorism system of the USA was ineffective. Law enforcement agencies failed to prevent terrorist attacks and thus changes were necessary. The most significant transformations were the following: dozens of new laws were passed; the bureaucracy of the US Government was reorganized; a war was launched to eliminate a sanctuary that (...)
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  40.  25
    The Right to Religious Education in Lithuania.Birutė Pranevičienė & Agnė Margevičiūtė - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (2):443-458.
    The article analyzes preconditions of realization of the right to religious education in Lithuania during the period of compulsory education. The article consists of two parts. The essence of the freedom of thought, religion and conscience and their relation to religious education is discussed in the first part. The second part of the article analyses national legal framework related to compulsory education in the light of freedom of thought, religion and conscience. The states are required to ensure education of children (...)
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  41.  23
    Reducing Irrationality of Legal Methodology by Realistic Description of Interpretative Tools and Teaching the Causes of Irrationality in Legal Education.Hans Paul Prümm - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 115 (1):199-219.
    Lawyers pretend as if the process of application of laws, as well as its outcome, could be an analytic-deductive derivation; especially law students learn that legal decision-making is primarily a logic process. But we know that application of laws depends on analytic-logical as well as on voluntaristic (wilful) elements. Exact relations between these components are unknown and will be unknown. At most German law schools students as the most important imperative tool learn the so called “Auslegung” through the use of (...)
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  42.  25
    The Didactic Turn of German Legal Methodology.Hans Paul Prümm - 2016 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 23 (2):1233-1282.
    We note an increasing consciousness of weakness of legal methodology taught to law students today: The students get neither real idea nor feeling of legal decision-making as mixture of legal matters, issue of facts, personal inputs, diverging interests, and the interplay with other actors. For minimize these defects it is necessary that law students learn in legal studies the following points: (1) Legal decision-making is a special kind of decision-making and is embedded in all problems of this process. (2) Jurisprudence (...)
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  43.  22
    Problems of Application of Special Knowledge in Investigation of Crimes and Administrative Offences in Lithuania.Egidijus Vidmantas Kurapka, Snieguolė Matulienė & Eglė Bilevičiūtė - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (1):351-368.
    Research carried out in Lithuania shows that the system of expert bodies has already prepared for change. Such opinion is supported by the Lithuanian Government working group meeting concerning the improvement of experts’ performance. In our opinion, Lithuania should ensure strategic, integrated multi-level forensic analysis, rational and potential use of material by not only dealing with a variety of forensic issues, but also by the interpretation of criminal investigation and prevention on scientific, methodological, didactic and organisational levels. The article presents (...)
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  44.  22
    The Basics of the Principle of Legal Concord in Criminal Law (article in German).Jonas Prapiestis & Agnė Baranskaitė - 2011 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 18 (1):285-302.
    In societies of high legal culture, criminal law is regarded as a protective and repressive measure of the state, as an imperative of crime and inevitable punishment (as a strict rule). Therefore, the article attempts to show the fact that the entirety of the provisions and norms of criminal law, consolidated in a modern democratic state under the rule of law (or, at least, a state that is attempting to become such a state), allows for the assertion that the purpose (...)
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  45.  19
    Forms of Alternative Consumers and Business Disputes and Conflicts Resolution. Their Characteristics (text only in Lithuanian).Feliksas Petrauskas - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 122 (4):295-318.
    Out-of-court proceedings or alternative dispute resolution (ADR) is a peaceful, voluntary alternative method for settling disputes without litigation in the court. ADR institutions usually use a third party to help the consumer and the trader to reach a solution. The main purpose of this article is to share the main insights and experience about the out-of-court proceedings in various countries and European Union Member States, to discuss the most important problems concerning ADR and propose possible solutions of these problems. First (...)
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  46.  20
    The Binding Force of the Case Law of the Court of Justice of the European Union.Gundega Mikelsone - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (2):469-495.
    The article is dedicated to determine de iure and de facto binding force of the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (hereinafter the ECJ) and its place in the system of legal sources in Latvia. The author concludes that the case law of the ECJ consists of legally important statements, which are included in judgements of the ECJ, namely, of an interpretation of legal norms, made by the ECJ, and of judge-made law norms, which the (...)
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  47.  21
    Proportionality: From the Concept to the Procedure.Artūras Panomariovas & Egidijus Losis - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 120 (2):257-272.
    The present paper deals with an investigation of the conception and development of the idea (principle) of proportionality, the variety of concepts and the procedure for the verification of the principle of proportionality. The genesis of the conception of coercive measures is studied by reviewing the process of the formation of the current principle of proportionality manifested in the historical sources of the law of Prussia, Germany, and the evolution of the principles consolidated in them. The principle of proportionality consolidated (...)
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  48.  19
    Right to Education in International Legal Documents.Birutė Pranevičienė & Aurelija Pūraitė - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 121 (3):133-156.
    The importance of the right to education reaches far beyond education itself. The right to education is recognized, promoted and protected at all levels— from local to global. The concept of each human right constitutes a dual perception—human rights are personified and there are particular duty-bearers, most often the states, which have certain obligations to preserve and protect those rights. This article summarizes governmental obligations, foreseen in international and regional legal human rights’ instruments, corresponding to the right to education in (...)
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  49.  20
    Enforcement of Freedom of Assembly in Lithuania and European Union: Legal and Practical Aspects.Rūta Petkuvienė, Asta Atraškevičiūtė & Artūras Petkus - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (1):49-70.
    This article analyses implementation of freedom of assembly within Lithuania and in some other States of the European Union. Attention is paid to the differences in the implementation practices for this freedom while analysing probability of restriction of freedom of assembly in the light of legal, political and social factors. The article aims to substantiate that the quality of decision while adopting spreading ideas and expressed views during peaceful meetings, or adopting them later, or dismissing in general, is determined by (...)
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  50.  21
    Some Thoughts Concerning the Main Goals of Competition Law.Raimundas Moisejevas & Ana Novosad - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (2):627-642.
    The aim of this article is to analyse different goals of the competition law, which are established in European Union and Lithuania. EU Commission and the Court of Justice distinguish a number of goals of the competition law. Most commonly, mentioned goals of competition law are the following: the integration of the Internal Market, the protection of consumers, protection of the competitors, freedom of competition and economic efficiency. Different goals of competition law are analysed in this paper and relationship between (...)
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