Results for 'body schema'

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  1. The Concept of ‘Body Schema’ in Merleau-Ponty’s Account of Embodied Subjectivity.Jan Halák - 2018 - In Bernard Andrieu, Jim Parry, Alessandro Porrovecchio & Olivier Sirost (eds.), Body Ecology and Emersive Leisure. Londýn, Velká Británie: Routledge. pp. 37-50.
    In his 1953 lectures at the College de France, Merleau-Ponty dedicated much effort to further developing his idea of embodied subject and interpreted fresh sources that he did not use in Phenomenology of Perception. Notably, he studied more in depth the neurological notion of "body schema". According to Merleau-Ponty, the body schema is a practical diagram of our relationships to the world, an action-based norm with reference to which things make sense. Merleau-Ponty more precisely tried to (...)
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  2. Beyond Differences Between the Body Schema and the Body Image: Insights From Body Hallucinations.Victor Pitron & Frédérique de Vignemont - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 53:115-121.
    The distinction between the body schema and the body image has become the stock in trade of much recent work in cognitive neuroscience and philosophy. Yet little is known about the interactions between these two types of body representations. We need to account not only for their dissociations in rare cases, but also for their convergence most of the time. Indeed in our everyday life the body we perceive does not conflict with the body (...)
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  3. The Fold and the Body Schema in Merleau-Ponty and Dynamic Systems Theory.David Morris - 1999 - Chiasmi International 1:275-286.
  4.  46
    The Logic of the Body in Bergson's Motor Schemes and Merleau-Ponty's Body Schema.David Morris - 2000 - Philosophy Today 44 (Supplement):60-69.
  5. Body Schema and Body Image: An Interdisciplinary and Philosophical Study.Douwe Tiemersma - 1989 - Amsterdam ;Swets & Zeitlinger.
     
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  6. Is the Body Schema Sufficient for the Sense of Embodiment? An Alternative to de Vignmont's Model.Glenn Carruthers - 2009 - Philosophical Psychology 22 (2):123-142.
    De Vignemont argues that the sense of ownership comes from the localization of bodily sensation on a map of the body that is part of the body schema. This model should be taken as a model of the sense of embodiment. I argue that the body schema lacks the theoretical resources needed to explain this phenomenology. Furthermore, there is some reason to think that a deficient sense of embodiment is not associated with a deficient (...) schema. The data de Vignemont uses to argue that the body image does not underlie the sense of embodiment does not rule out the possibility that part of the body image I call 'offline representations' underlies the sense of embodiment. An alternative model of the sense of embodiment in terms of offline representations of the body is presented. (shrink)
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  7.  76
    Merleau-Ponty's Sexual Schema and the Sexual Component of Body Integrity Identity Disorder.Helena Preester - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):171-184.
    Body integrity identity disorder (BIID), formerly also known as apotemnophilia, is characterized by a desire for amputation of a healthy limb and is claimed to straddle or to even blur the boundary between psychiatry and neurology. The neurological line of approach, however, is a recent one, and is accompanied or preceded by psychodynamical, behavioural, philosophical, and psychiatric approaches and hypotheses. Next to its confusing history in which the disorder itself has no fixed identity and could not be classified under (...)
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  8.  35
    Body Schema and Body Image - Pros and Cons.Frédérique De Vignemont - unknown
    There seems to be no dimension of bodily awareness that cannot be disrupted. To account for such variety, there is a growing consensus that there are at least two distinct types of body representation that can be impaired, the body schema and the body image. However, the definition of these notions is often unclear. The notion of body image has attracted most controversy because of its lack of unifying positive definition. The notion of body (...)
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  9. Body Image and Body Schema in a Deafferented Subject.Shaun Gallagher & Jonathan Cole - 1995 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 16 (4):369-390.
    In a majority of situations the normal adult maintains posture or moves without consciously monitoring motor activity. Posture and movement are usually close to automatic; they tend to take care of themselves, outside of attentive regard. One's body, in such cases, effaces itself as one is geared into a particular intentional goal. This effacement is possible because of the normal functioning of a body schema. Body schema can be defined as a system of preconscious, subpersonal (...)
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  10.  36
    Dissociating Body Image and Body Schema with Rubber Hands.Nicholas Paul Holmes & Charles Spence - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (2):211-212.
    Dijkerman & de Haan (D&dH) argue that body image and body schema form parts of different and dissociable somatosensory streams. We agree in general, but believe that more emphasis should be placed on interactions between these two streams. We illustrate this point with evidence from the rubber-hand illusion (RHI) – an illusion of body image, which depends critically upon body schema.
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  11.  14
    To Learn the World Again: Examining the Impact of Elective Breast Surgery on Body Schema.Sara Rodrigues - 2018 - Human Studies 41 (2):255-273.
    This paper comprises a feminist phenomenological exploration of women’s experiences with breast augmentation and breast reduction. Situating the results of semi-structured interviews in the context of body schema, this study discloses how women perceive, think, feel and respond to bodily change created by elective breast surgery. Women’s narratives express that breast augmentation and reduction shifted their conception of the lived body and its possibilities by provoking bodily reorientations and adjustments as well as changes in bodily sensations. In (...)
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  12.  49
    Body Image and Body Schema.Helena De Preester & Veroniek Knockaert (eds.) - 2005 - John Benjamins.
    The concepts of body image and body schema have a firm tradition in each of these disciplines and make up the conceptual anchors of this volume.
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  13.  75
    Body Image and Body Schema: The Shared Representation of Body Image and the Role of Dynamic Body Schema in Perspective and Imitation.Alessia Tessari & Anna M. Borghi - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (2):221-222.
    Our commentary addresses two issues that are not developed enough in the target article. First, the model does not clearly address the distinction among external objects, external body parts, and internal bodies. Second, the authors could have discussed further the role of body schema with regard to its dynamic character, and its role in perspective and in imitation.
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  14.  29
    Taking a Conscious Look at the Body Schema.Jonathan P. Maxwell, Richard S. W. Masters & John van der Kamp - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (2):216-217.
    Dijkerman & de Haan (D&dH) propose a somatosensory perceptual pathway that informs a consciously accessible body image, and an action pathway that provides information to a body schema, which is not consciously accessible. We argue that the body schema may become accessible to consciousness in some circumstances, possibly resulting from cross talk, but that this may be detrimental to skilled movement production.
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  15.  33
    Emulator as Body Schema.Virginia Slaughter - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):415-416.
    Grush's emulator model appears to be consistent with the idea of a body schema, that is, a detailed mental representation of the body, its structure, and movement in relation to the environment. If the emulator is equivalent to a body schema, then the next step will be to specify how the emulator accounts for neuropsychological and developmental phenomena that have long been hypothesized to involve the body schema.
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  16.  2
    The Meaning of the Body Schema in Reaching Maturity During Late Adolescence.Beata Mirucka - 2016 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 47 (1):149-158.
    The objective of the research presented in this paper was to investigate whether an association existed between the activation of the body schema and reaching adulthood among people in late adolescence. Three activities that are known to enjoy popularity among young people were analysed, namely: dancing, playing computer games that require motor involvement, and playing computer games of an educational and entertaining character. It was assumed that the chosen forms of activity correspond to three levels of activation of (...)
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  17.  71
    Beyond the Body Schema: Visual, Prosthetic, and Technological Contributions to Bodily Perception and Awareness.Nicholas P. Holmes & Charles Spence - 2006 - In Günther Knoblich, Ian M. Thornton, Marc Grosjean & Maggie Shiffrar (eds.), Human Body Perception From the Inside Out. Oxford University Press. pp. 15-64.
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  18. Body Schema and Intentionality.Shaun Gallagher - 1995 - In Jose Luis Bermudez, Anthony J. Marcel & Naomi M. Eilan (eds.), The Body and the Self. MIT Press. pp. 225--244.
  19.  16
    Covert Imitation: How the Body Schema Acts as a Prediction Device.Margaret Wilson - 2006 - In Günther Knoblich, Ian M. Thornton, Marc Grosjean & Maggie Shiffrar (eds.), Human Body Perception From the Inside Out. Oxford University Press. pp. 211--228.
  20. How Do the Body Schema and the Body Image Interact?Victor Pitron, Adrian Alsmith & Frédérique de Vignemont - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:352-358.
  21. Body Image and Body Schema: A Conceptual Clarification.Shaun Gallagher - 1986 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 7 (4).
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  22.  33
    Dimensions of Embodiment: Body Image and Body Schema in Medical Contexts.Shaun Gallagher - 2001 - In Kay Toombs (ed.), Handbook of Phenomenology and Medicine. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 147--175.
  23. Body Image and Body Schema: A Conceptual Clarification.Shaun Gallagher - 1986 - Journal of Mind and Behaviour 7 (4):541-554.
  24.  21
    Affective Intentionality and Affective Injustice: Merleau‐Ponty and Fanon on the Body Schema as a Theory of Affect.Shiloh Whitney - 2018 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 56 (4):488-515.
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    Proprioception Is Necessary for Body Schema Plasticity: Evidence From a Deafferented Patient.Lucilla Cardinali, Claudio Brozzoli, Jacques Luauté, Alice C. Roy & Alessandro Farnè - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  26.  3
    Visuo-Tactile Congruency Influences the Body Schema During Full Body Ownership Illusion.Marius Rubo & Matthias Gamer - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 73:102758.
  27. Disorders of the Body Schema.J. A. M. Frederiks - 1969 - In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. pp. 4--207.
  28.  28
    Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenological Itinerary From Body Schema to Situated Knowledge: On How We Are and How We Are Not to 'Sing the World,'.S. Watson - 2007 - Janus Head 9 (2):525-550.
    This paper addresses a number of issues concerning both the status of phenomenology in the work of one of its classical expositors, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and the general relation between theoretical models and evidence in phenomenological accounts. In so doing, I will attempt to explain Merleau-Ponty’s departure from classical transcendental accounts in Husserl’s thought and why Merleau-Ponty increasingly elaborated on them through aesthetic rationality. The result is a phenomenology that no longer understands itself as foundational and no longer understands itself in (...)
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  29.  7
    Body-Image’ and ‘Body-Schema’ in the Existential Phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty.Douwe Tiemersma - 1982 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 13 (3):246-255.
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  30.  12
    Revisiting the Body-Schema Concept in the Context of Whole-Body Postural-Focal Dynamics.Pietro Morasso, Maura Casadio, Vishwanathan Mohan, Francesco Rea & Jacopo Zenzeri - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  31.  11
    A Robot Hand Testbed Designed for Enhancing Embodiment and Functional Neurorehabilitation of Body Schema in Subjects with Upper Limb Impairment or Loss.Randall B. Hellman, Eric Chang, Justin Tanner, Stephen I. Helms Tillery & Veronica J. Santos - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  32.  9
    What is the Use of the Body Schema for Humanoid Robots?Pietro Morasso - 2013 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 5 (1):75-94.
  33.  5
    Kinematic Invariances and Body Schema.Pietro Morasso & Vittorio Sanguineti - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):769-770.
  34. The Psychological Reality of the Body Schema-a Test with Normal Subjects (Vol 30, Pg 452, 1992).Cl Reed - 1993 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (1):85-85.
  35. How the Body Shapes the Mind.Shaun Gallagher - 2005 - Oxford University Press UK.
    How the Body Shapes the Mind is an interdisciplinary work that addresses philosophical questions by appealing to evidence found in experimental psychology, neuroscience, studies of pathologies, and developmental psychology. There is a growing consensus across these disciplines that the contribution of embodiment to cognition is inescapable. Because this insight has been developed across a variety of disciplines, however, there is still a need to develop a common vocabulary that is capable of integrating discussions of brain mechanisms in neuroscience, behavioural (...)
  36. Dynamic Models of Body Schematic Processes.Shaun Gallagher - 2005 - In Helena De Preester & Veroniek Knockaert (eds.), Body image and body schema. John Benjamins.
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  37.  8
    Merleau-Ponty’s Sexual Schema and the Sexual Component of Body Integrity Identity Disorder.Helena De Preester - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):171-184.
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  38.  3
    An Approach to Physiological Reactivity in Terms of a Body-Image Schema.Seymour Fisher & Sidney E. Cleveland - 1957 - Psychological Review 64 (1):26-37.
  39. Symbolic Articulation: Image, Word, and Body Between Action and Schema.Sabine Marienberg - unknown
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  40. Development of Preferences for the Human Body Shape in Infancy.Virginia Slaughter, Michelle Heron & Susan Sim - 2002 - Cognition 85 (3):71-81.
    Two studies investigated the development of infants' visual preferences for the human body shape. In Study 1, infants of 12,15 and 18 months were tested in a standard preferential looking experiment, in which they were shown paired line drawings of typical and scrambled bodies. Results indicated that the 18-month-olds had a reliable preference for the scrambled body shapes over typical body shapes, while the younger infants did not show differential responding. In Study 2, 12- and 18-month-olds were (...)
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  41. A Self for the Body.Frédérique de Vignemont - 2011 - Metaphilosophy 42 (3):230-247.
    Abstract: What grounds the experience of our body as our own? Can we rationally doubt that this is our own body when we feel sensations in it? This article shows how recent empirical evidence can shed light on issues on the body and the self, such as the grounds of the sense of body ownership and the immunity to error through misidentification of bodily self-ascriptions. In particular, it discusses how bodily illusions (e.g., the Rubber Hand Illusion), (...)
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  42.  51
    Can Nomenclature for the Body Be Explained by Embodiment Theories?Asifa Majid & Miriam Staden - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (4):570-594.
    According to widespread opinion, the meaning of body part terms is determined by salient discontinuities in the visual image; such that hands, feet, arms, and legs, are natural parts. If so, one would expect these parts to have distinct names which correspond in meaning across languages. To test this proposal, we compared three unrelated languages—Dutch, Japanese, and Indonesian—and found both naming systems and boundaries of even basic body part terms display variation across languages. Bottom-up cues alone cannot explain (...)
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  43. Attention in Bodily Awareness.Gregor Hochstetter - 2016 - Synthese 193 (12):3819-3842.
    The aim of this paper is to develop and defend an Attentional View of bodily awareness, on which attention is necessary for bodily awareness. The original formulation of the Attentional View is due to Marcel Kinsbourne. First, I will show that the Attentional View of bodily awareness as formulated by Kinsbourne is superior to other accounts in the literature for characterizing the relationship between attention and bodily awareness. Kinsbourne’s account is the only account in the literature so far which can (...)
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  44.  79
    Embodied Experience: A First-Person Investigation of the Rubber Hand Illusion. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Lewis & Donna M. Lloyd - 2010 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (3):317-339.
    Here, we assess the usefulness of first-person methods for the study of embodiment during the rubber hand illusion (RHI). Participants observed a rubber hand being stroked synchronously and asynchronously with their concealed hand after which they made proprioceptive judgments about the location of their hand and completed a self-report questionnaire. A randomly selected cohort was further interviewed during the illusion and their transcripts analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Results showed that the IPA group experienced a more intense embodied experience (...)
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  45. Merleau-Ponty on Embodied Subjectivity From the Perspective of Subject-Object Circularity.Jan Halák - 2016 - Acta Universtitatis Carolinae Kinanthropologica 52 (2):26-40.
    The phenomenological point of view of the body is usually appreciated for having introduced the notion of the ‘lived’ body. We cannot merely analyze and explain the body as one of the elements of the world of objects. We must also describe it, for example, as the center of our perspective on the world, the place where our sensing is ‘localized’, the agens which directly executes our intentions. However, in Husserl, the idea of the body as (...)
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  46. Jenny Saville Remakes the Female Nude – Feminist Reflections on the State of the Art.Diana Tietjens Meyers - 2012 - In Peg Brand (ed.), Beauty Unlimited. Indiana University Press.
    Jenny Saville is a leading contemporary painter of female nudes. This paper explores her work in light of theories of gender and embodied agency. Recent work on the phenomenology of embodiment draws a distinction between the body image and the body schema. The body image is your representation of your own body, including your visual image of it and your emotional attitudes towards it. The body schema is comprised of your proprioceptive knowledge, your (...)
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  47.  29
    The Alien-Hand Experiment.Jesper BrØsted SØrensen - 2005 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):73-90.
    This article reintroduces a phenomenological experiment designed in the early 1960’s, The Alien-Hand Experiment (TAHE), and it illustrates how phenomena denoted by theoretical concepts like body image, body schema and agency can be studied via the experiment. An analysis of the verbal reports from 26 subjects who participated in TAHE is presented in this article. Subjects were divided into three groups: A group of non-bulimic men, a group of non-bulimic women and a group of female bulimics. The (...)
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  48.  27
    "Perception Is Already Expression." Merleau-Ponty's First Collège de France Lectures.Jan Halák - 2017 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 1 (52):111-135.
    In his initial lecture course at the Collège de France, Merleau-Ponty attempted to develop a new analysis of rational thought in order to clarify its link with corporeal-perceptive life. The formulation of thought in language as the most elaborate human activity of expression explicitly takes over what we already observe in perception as the implicit and mutual reference between the perceiving subject and that which is perceived.The article reconstructs Merleau-Ponty’s argumentation, based on his preparatory notes for the lectures, and provides (...)
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  49.  26
    Re-Embodiment: Incorporation Through Embodied Learning of Wheelchair Skills. [REVIEW]Øyvind F. Standal - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (2):177-184.
    In this article, the notion of re-embodiment is developed to include the ways that rearrangement and renewals of body schema take place in rehabilitation. More specifically, the embodied learning process of acquiring wheelchair skills serves as a starting point for fleshing out a phenomenological understanding of incorporation of assistive devices. By drawing on the work of Merleau-Ponty, the reciprocal relation between acquisition habits and incorporation of instruments is explored in relation to the learning of wheelchair skills. On the (...)
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  50.  69
    From Phantom Limb to Phantom Body: Varieties of Extracorporeal Awareness.Peter Brugger - 2006 - In Günther Knoblich, Ian M. Thornton, Marc Grosjean & Maggie Shiffrar (eds.), Human Body Perception From the Inside Out. Oxford University Press. pp. 171-209.
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