Results for 'brain laterality'

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  1.  3
    An fNIRS Study of Brain Lateralization During Observation and Execution of a Fine Motor Task.Kosar Khaksari, Elizabeth G. Smith, Helga O. Miguel, Selin Zeytinoglu, Nathan Fox & Amir H. Gandjbakhche - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Brain activity in the action observation network is lateralized during action execution, with greater activation in the contralateral hemisphere to the side of the body used to perform the task. However, it is unknown whether the AON is also lateralized when watching another person perform an action. In this study, we use fNIRS to measure brain activity over the left and right cortex while participants completed actions with their left and right hands and watched an actor complete action (...)
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  2.  9
    Brain lateralization and self-reported symptoms of ADHD in a population sample of adults: a dimensional approach.Saleh M. H. Mohamed, Norbert A. Börger, Reint H. Geuze & Jaap J. van der Meere - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  3.  2
    Animal brain laterality: Functional lateralization or a right-left excitability gradient?Michael S. Myslobodsky - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):31-32.
  4. Imaging brain lateralization: Discourse and pragmatics in healthy, pathological and special populations.Brigitte Stemmer - 2005 - In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. pp. 5--539.
     
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  5.  5
    If sex differences in brain lateralization exist, they have yet to be discovered.Marcel Kinsbourne - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):241-242.
  6.  7
    An asymmetric view of brain laterality.Jan Bureš, O. Burešová & J. Krivánek - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):22-23.
  7.  10
    Constraints from handedness on the evolution of brain lateralization.Maryanne Martin & Gregory V. Jones - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):603-604.
    Can we understand brain lateralization in humans by analysis in terms of an evolutionarily stable strategy? The attempt to demonstrate a link between lateralization in humans and that in, for example, fish appears to hinge critically on whether the isomorphism is viewed as a matter of homology or homoplasy. Consideration of human handedness presents a number of challenges to the proposed framework.
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  8.  3
    Environmental influences on brain lateralization.L. J. Rogers - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):35-36.
  9.  20
    Survival with an asymmetrical brain: Advantages and disadvantages of cerebral lateralization.Giorgio Vallortigara & Lesley J. Rogers - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):575-589.
    Recent evidence in natural and semi-natural settings has revealed a variety of left-right perceptual asymmetries among vertebrates. These include preferential use of the left or right visual hemifield during activities such as searching for food, agonistic responses, or escape from predators in animals as different as fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. There are obvious disadvantages in showing such directional asymmetries because relevant stimuli may be located to the animal's left or right at random; there is no a priori association (...)
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  10.  8
    Multimodal brain features at 3 years of age and their relationship with pre-reading measures 1 year later.Kathryn Y. Manning, Jess E. Reynolds, Xiangyu Long, Alberto Llera, Deborah Dewey & Catherine Lebel - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Pre-reading language skills develop rapidly in early childhood and are related to brain structure and functional architecture in young children prior to formal education. However, the early neurobiological development that supports these skills is not well understood. Here we acquired anatomical, diffusion tensor imaging and resting state functional MRI from 35 children at 3.5 years of age. Children were assessed for pre-reading abilities using the NEPSY-II subtests 1 year later. We applied a data-driven linked independent component analysis to explore (...)
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  11.  4
    Dual-Brain Psychology: A novel theory and treatment based on cerebral laterality and psychopathology.Fredric Schiffer - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Dual-Brain Psychology is a theory and its clinical applications that come out of the author's clinical observations and from the Split-brain Studies. The theory posits, based on decades of rigorous, peer-reviewed experiments and clinical reports, that, in most patients, one brain's cerebral hemisphere when stimulated by simple lateral visual field stimulation, or unilateral transcranial photobiomodulation, reveals a dramatic change in personality such that stimulating one hemisphere evokes, as a trait, a personality that is more childlike and more (...)
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  12.  8
    On possible linguistic correlates to brain lateralization.Kouteva/Kuteva Tania - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  13. Affection as a Cognitive Judgmental Process: A Theoretical Assumption Put to Test Through Brain-Lateralization Methodology.Joseph Rychlak - 1984 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 5 (2).
     
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  14.  9
    Brain Functional Asymmetry of Chimpanzees : the Example of Auditory Laterality.Julia Sikorska, Maciej Kapusta, Katarzyna Wejchert, Anna Jakucińska, Maciej Trojan & Justyna Szymańska - 2017 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 48 (1):87-92.
    The aim of this study was to verify whether chimpanzees demonstrate an auditory laterality during the orientation reaction, and which hemisphere is responsible for processing the emotional stimuli and which for the species-specific vocalizations. The study involved nine chimpanzees from the Warsaw Municipal Zoological Garden. They were tested individually in their bedrooms. Chimpanzees approached a tube filled with food, located in the centre of the cage. Randomly selected sounds were played from the speakers when the subject was focused on (...)
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  15.  8
    Brain potentials and lateral dominance in identical twins.E. T. Raney - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (1):21.
  16.  6
    Lateral specialization in the human brain: speculations concerning its origins and development.Richard J. Davidson - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (2):291-291.
  17.  22
    Lateralization of Brain Activation in Fluent and Non-Fluent Preschool Children: A Magnetoencephalographic Study of Picture-Naming.Paul F. Sowman, Stephen Crain, Elisabeth Harrison & Blake W. Johnson - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  18.  6
    Dissociable Networks of the Lateral/Medial Mammillary Body in the Human Brain.Masaki Tanaka, Takahiro Osada, Akitoshi Ogawa, Koji Kamagata, Shigeki Aoki & Seiki Konishi - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  19.  2
    The Evolution of Lateralized Brain Circuits.Michael C. Corballis - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  20.  6
    Bilateral differences in brain potentials from the two cerebral hemispheres in relation to laterality and stuttering.D. B. Lindsley - 1940 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (2):211.
  21.  3
    Inferring common cognitive mechanisms from brain blood-flow lateralization data: a new methodology for fTCD analysis.Georg F. Meyer, Amy Spray, Jo E. Fairlie & Natalie T. Uomini - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5:81044.
    Current neuroimaging techniques with high spatial resolution constrain participant motion so that many natural tasks cannot be carried out. The aim of this paper is to show how a time-locked correlation-analysis of cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) lateralization data, obtained with functional TransCranial Doppler (fTCD) ultrasound, can be used to infer cerebral activation patterns across tasks. In a first experiment we demonstrate that the proposed analysis method results in data that are comparable with the standard Lateralization Index (LI) for within-task (...)
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  22.  17
    Brain Hemispheres Swap Dominance for Processing Semantically Meaningful Pitch.Xiao-Dong Wang, Hong Xu, Zhen Yuan, Hao Luo, Ming Wang, Hua-Wei Li & Lin Chen - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    The question of what determines brain laterality for auditory cognitive processing is unresolved. Here, we demonstrate a swap of hemisphere dominance from right to left during semantic interpretation of Chinese lexical tones in native speakers using simultaneously recorded mismatch negativity response and behavioral reaction time during dichotic listening judgment. The mismatch negativity, which is a brain wave response and indexes auditory processing at an early stage, indicated right hemisphere dominance. In contrast, the behavioral reaction time, which reflects (...)
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  23.  10
    Brain Death: A Conclusion in Search of a Justification.D. Alan Shewmon - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S4):22-25.
    At its inception, “brain death” was proposed not as a coherent concept but as a useful one. The 1968 Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death gave no reason that “irreversible coma” should be death itself, but simply asserted that the time had come for it to be declared so. Subsequent writings by chairman Henry Beecher made clear that, to him at least, death was essentially a social construct, and society (...)
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  24.  12
    Zen-Brain Reflections.James H. Austin - 2010 - MIT Press.
    This sequel to the widely read Zen and the Brain continues James Austin's explorations into the key interrelationships between Zen Buddhism and brain research. In Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin, a clinical neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner, examines the evolving psychological processes and brain changes associated with the path of long-range meditative training. Austin draws not only on the latest neuroscience research and new neuroimaging studies but also on Zen literature and his personal experience with alternate states of (...)
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  25.  1
    Ear temperature and brain blood flow: Laterality effects.Mary Lee Meiners & James M. Dabbs - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (3):194-196.
  26.  16
    Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson’s Disease: Why Earlier Use Makes Shared Decision Making Important.Jaime Montemayor, Harini Sarva, Karen Kelly-Blake & Laura Y. Cabrera - 2022 - Neuroethics 15 (2):1-11.
    Introduction As deep brain stimulation (DBS) has shifted to being used earlier during Parkinson’s disease (PD), data is lacking regarding patient specific attitudes, preferences, and factors which may influence the timing of and decision to proceed with DBS in the United States. This study aims to identify and compare attitudes and preferences regarding the earlier use of DBS in Parkinson’s patients who have and have not undergone DBS. Methods We developed an online survey concerning attitudes about DBS and its (...)
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  27.  11
    Ethical aspects of brain computer interfaces: a scoping review.Sasha Burwell, Matthew Sample & Eric Racine - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):60.
    Brain-Computer Interface is a set of technologies that are of increasing interest to researchers. BCI has been proposed as assistive technology for individuals who are non-communicative or paralyzed, such as those with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or spinal cord injury. The technology has also been suggested for enhancement and entertainment uses, and there are companies currently marketing BCI devices for those purposes as well as health-related purposes. The unprecedented direct connection created by BCI between human brains and computer hardware raises (...)
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  28.  7
    Three Dimensional Identification of Medial and Lateral Vestibulospinal Tract in the Human Brain: A Diffusion Tensor Imaging Study.Sung H. Jang, Jung W. Kwon & Sang S. Yeo - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  29.  9
    Integration, lateralization, and animal experience.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2021 - Mind and Language 36 (2):285-296.
    Many vertebrate animals approximate, to various degrees, the “split‐brain” condition that results from surgery done in humans to treat severe epilepsy, with very limited connection between the left and right sides of the upper parts of the brain. The split‐brain condition has been the topic of extensive philosophical discussion, because it appears, in some circumstances, to give rise to two minds within one body. Is the same true of these animals? This article attempts to make progress on (...)
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  30.  10
    Split-brain cases.Mary K. Colvin & Michael S. Gazzaniga - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. New York: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 634–647.
    After the first callosotomy surgeries were performed, the general consensus among the medical community was that severing the corpus callosum had relatively little, if any, effect on an individual's behavior. Nearly twenty years later, researchers discovered that, under experimental conditions, the two hemispheres could simultaneously maintain very different interpretations of the same stimulus. These findings immediately called into question the unity of subjective experience, a fundamental characteristic of human consciousness. How could the split‐brain patient not experience any disruption in (...)
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  31.  4
    Brain Responses to Food Odors Associated With BMI Change at 2-Year Follow-Up.Pengfei Han, Hong Chen & Thomas Hummel - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14:574148.
    The understanding of food cue associated neural activations that predict future weight variability may guide the design of effective prevention programs and treatments for overeating and obesity. The current study investigated the association between brain response to different food odors with varied energy density and individual changes of body mass index (BMI) over two years. Twenty-five participants received high-fat (chocolate and peanut), low-fat (bread and peach) food odors and a nonfood odor (rose) while the brain activation was measured (...)
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  32.  8
    Précis on The Cognitive-Emotional Brain.Luiz Pessoa - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38:e71.
    InThe Cognitive-Emotional Brain(Pessoa 2013), I describe the many ways that emotion and cognition interact and are integrated in the brain. The book summarizes five areas of research that support this integrative view and makes four arguments to organize each area. (1) Based on rodent and human data, I propose that the amygdala's functions go beyond emotion as traditionally conceived. Furthermore, the processing of emotion-laden information is capacity limited, thus not independent of attention and awareness. (2) Cognitive-emotional interactions in (...)
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  33.  17
    Sex differences in human brain asymmetry: a critical survey.Jeannette McGlone - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):215-227.
    Dual functional brain asymmetry refers to the notion that in most individuals the left cerebral hemisphere is specialized for language functions, whereas the right cerebral hemisphere is more important than the left for the perception, construction, and recall of stimuli that are difficult to verbalize. In the last twenty years there have been scattered reports of sex differences in degree of hemispheric specialization. This review provides a critical framework within which two related topics are discussed: Do meaningful sex differences (...)
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  34.  7
    On the Relationship Between Attention Processing and P300-Based Brain Computer Interface Control in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.Angela Riccio, Francesca Schettini, Luca Simione, Alessia Pizzimenti, Maurizio Inghilleri, Marta Olivetti-Belardinelli, Donatella Mattia & Febo Cincotti - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  35.  24
    Brain death, states of impaired consciousness, and physician-assisted death for end-of-life organ donation and transplantation.Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):409-421.
    In 1968, the Harvard criteria equated irreversible coma and apnea with human death and later, the Uniform Determination of Death Act was enacted permitting organ procurement from heart-beating donors. Since then, clinical studies have defined a spectrum of states of impaired consciousness in human beings: coma, akinetic mutism, minimally conscious state, vegetative state and brain death. In this article, we argue against the validity of the Harvard criteria for equating brain death with human death. Brain death does (...)
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  36.  5
    Religion, the social brain and the mystical stance.Rim Dunbar - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (1):46-62.
    This article explores the implications of the social brain and the endorphin-based bonding mechanism that underpins it for the evolution of religion. I argue that religion evolved as one of the behavioural mechanisms designed to facilitate community bonding when humans first evolved the larger social groups of ~150 that now characterise our species. This is not a matter of facilitating cooperation, but of engineering social cohesion – a very different problem. Analysis of the size of C19th utopian communities suggests (...)
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  37. Science Meets Philosophy: Metaphysical Gap & Bilateral Brain.Hermann G. W. Burchard - 2020 - Philosophy Study 10 (10):599-614.
    The essay brings a summation of human efforts seeking to understand our existence. Plato and Kant & cognitive science complete reduction of philosophy to a neural mechanism, evolved along elementary Darwinian principles. Plato in his famous Cave Allegory explains that between reality and our experience of it there exists a great chasm, a metaphysical gap, fully confirmed through particle-wave duality of quantum physics. Kant found that we have two kinds of perception, two senses: By the spatial outer sense we perceive (...)
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  38.  3
    Do asymmetrical differences in primate brains correspond to cerebral lateralization?Douglas C. Broadfield - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):590-591.
    An evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS) may apply to characters expressed across species for predation and feeding, because these characters are conservative. However, the evolution of complex, polymorphic behaviors is more difficult to define as an ESS. Lateralization may be selective for certain simple traits, but lateralization of complex traits is likely the result of coadaptation of otherwise non-lateralized features.
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  39.  10
    Aberrant brain functional networks in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A graph theoretical and support-vector machine approach.Lin Lin, Jindi Zhang, Yutong Liu, Xinyu Hao, Jing Shen, Yang Yu, Huashuai Xu, Fengyu Cong, Huanjie Li & Jianlin Wu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16:974094.
    ObjectiveType 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a high risk of cognitive decline and dementia, but the underlying mechanisms are not yet clearly understood. This study aimed to explore the functional connectivity (FC) and topological properties among whole brain networks and correlations with impaired cognition and distinguish T2DM from healthy controls (HC) to identify potential biomarkers for cognition abnormalities.MethodsA total of 80 T2DM and 55 well-matched HC were recruited in this study. Subjects’ clinical data, neuropsychological tests and resting-state functional magnetic (...)
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  40.  8
    Brain and Conscious Experience: Study Week September 28 to October 4, 1964, of the Pontificia Academia Scientiarum.John C. Eccles (ed.) - 1966 - Springer.
    The planninnjg of this Study Week at the Pontifical Academy of Science from September 28 to October 4, 1964, began just two years before when the President, Professor Lemaitre, asked me if 1 would be responsible for a Study Week relating Psychology to what we may call the Neurosciences. 1 accepted this responsibility on the understanding that 1 could have as sistance from two colleagues in the Academy, Professors Heymans and Chagas. Besides participating in the Study Week they gave me (...)
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  41.  21
    Aligning the Criterion and Tests for Brain Death.James L. Bernat & Anne L. Dalle Ave - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (4):635-641.
    Abstract:Disturbing cases continue to be published of patients declared brain dead who later were found to have a few intact brain functions. We address the reasons for the mismatch between the whole-brain criterion and brain death tests, and suggest solutions. Many of the cases result from diagnostic errors in brain death determination. Others probably result from a tiny amount of residual blood flow to the brain despite intracranial circulatory arrest. Strategies to lessen the mismatch (...)
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  42.  5
    Reading in the Brain Revised and Extended: Response to Comments.Stanislas Dehaene - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (3):320-335.
    Reading in the Brain (Les neurones de la lecture, 2007) examined the origins of human reading abilities in the light of contemporary cognitive neuroscience. It argued that reading acquisition, in all cultures, recycles preexisting cortical circuits dedicated to invariant visual recognition, and that the organization of these circuits imposes strong constraints on the invention and cultural evolution of writing systems. In this article, seven years later, I briefly review new experimental evidence, particularly from brain imaging studies of illiterate (...)
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  43.  7
    Peri-lead edema and local field potential correlation in post-surgery subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation patients.Marco Prenassi, Linda Borellini, Tommaso Bocci, Elisa Scola, Sergio Barbieri, Alberto Priori, Roberta Ferrucci, Filippo Cogiamanian, Marco Locatelli, Paolo Rampini, Maurizio Vergari, Stefano Pastore, Bianca Datola & Sara Marceglia - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16:950434.
    Implanting deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes in patients with Parkinson’s disease often results in the appearance of a non-infectious, delayed-onset edema that disappears over time. However, the time window between the DBS electrode and DBS stimulating device implant is often used to record local field potentials (LFPs) which are used both to better understand basal ganglia pathophysiology and to improve DBS therapy. In this work, we investigated whether the presence of post-surgery edema correlates with the quality of LFP recordings (...)
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  44.  13
    Personality Traits Induce Different Brain Patterns When Processing Social and Valence Information.Jorge Carlos Hevia-Orozco, Azalea Reyes-Aguilar, Raúl Hernández-Pérez, Leopoldo González-Santos, Erick H. Pasaye & Fernando A. Barrios - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This paper shows the brain correlates of Cloninger’s personality model during the presentation of social scenarios under positive or negative valence situations. Social scenarios were constructed when participants played the Dictator game with two confederates that had two opposites roles as the cooperator and non-cooperator. Later the same day during a fMRI scanning session, participants read negative and positive situations that happened to confederates in the past. Participants were asked to think “how do you think those people felt during (...)
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  45.  6
    Brain Mapping.Jennifer Mundale - 1998 - In George Graham & William Bechtel (eds.), A Companion to Cognitive Science. Blackwell. pp. 129–139.
    One important way in which neuroscience, particularly neuroanatomy, contributes to cognitive science is by providing a model of the brain's architecture, which, in turn, can be utilized as a guide to the architecture of cognition. This project assumes commitment to a view, now well established, that different mental processes, such as perceiving and remembering, employ different parts of the brain (where part is loosely construed so as not to exclude entities which may themselves be composite). These parts may (...)
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  46.  92
    Bilingual language lateralization: A meta-analytic tale of two hemispheres.Rachel Hull & J. Vaid - 2007 - Neuropsychologia 45 (9):1987-2008.
    Two meta-analyses of 66 behavioral studies examined variables influencing functional cerebral lateralization of each language of brain-intact bilingual adults. Functional lateralization was found to be primarily influenced by age of onset of bilingualism: bilinguals who acquired both languages by 6 years of age showed bilateral hemispheric involvement for both languages, whereas those who acquired their second language after age 6 showed left hemisphere dominance for both languages. Moreover, among late bilinguals, left hemisphere involvement was found to be greater for (...)
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  47.  5
    Efferent brain processes and the enactive approach to consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (4):40-50.
    [opening paragraph]: Nicholas Humphrey argues persuasively that consciousness results from active and efferent rather than passive and afferent functions. These arguments contribute to the mounting recent evidence that consciousness is inseparable from the motivated action planning of creatures that in some sense are organismic and agent-like rather than passively mechanical and reactive in the way that digital computers are. Newton calls this new approach the ‘action theory of understanding'; Varela et al. dubbed it the ‘enactive’ view of consciousness. It was (...)
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  48.  9
    Brain signals do not demonstrate unconscious decision making: An interpretation based on graded conscious awareness.Jeff Miller & Wolf Schwarz - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 24:12-21.
    Neuroscientific studies have shown that brain activity correlated with a decision to move can be observed before a person reports being consciously aware of having made that decision . Given that a later event cannot cause an earlier one , such results have been interpreted as evidence that decisions are made unconsciously . We argue that this interpretation depends upon an all-or-none view of consciousness, and we offer an alternative interpretation of the early decision-related brain activity based on (...)
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  49.  8
    The Developing Visual Brain.Janette Atkinson - 2002 - Oxford University Press UK.
    ''As a text in developmental psychology the book is excellent, and this lower-priced paperback version will be snapped up by psychology students.'' -European NeurologyOne of the most dramatic areas of development in early human life is that of vision. Whereas vision plays a relatively minor role in the world of the newborn infant, by 6 months it has assumed the position as a dominant sense and forms the basis of later perceptual, cognitive, and social development. From a world leader in (...)
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  50. Early and Later Putnam on Functionalism.Rajakishore Nath - 2005 - Sandhan: Journal of Centre for Studies in Civilizations 5 (2):53-64.
    In this paper, I shall review the reasons that let Putnam to propose functionalism and the reasons that subsequently led him to abandon it. I would like to discuss Putnam's views belonging to early Putnam and later Putnam. First, let us focus on early Putnam. Early Putnam tries to show the possibility of robot consciousness. As a functionalist, Putnam shows that the human being is an autonomous: that is, human mind is a computing machine. Later, he changes his position to (...)
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