Results for 'casuistry'

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  1.  65
    Casuistry as Common Law Morality.Norbert Paulo - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (6):373-389.
    This article elaborates on the relation between ethical casuistry and common law reasoning. Despite the frequent talk of casuistry as common law morality, remarks on this issue largely remain at the purely metaphorical level. The article outlines and scrutinizes Albert Jonsen and Stephen Toulmin’s version of casuistry and its basic elements. Drawing lessons for casuistry from common law reasoning, it is argued that one generally has to be faithful to ethical paradigms. There are, however, limitations for (...)
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  2.  87
    Casuistry and Principlism: The Convergence of Method in Biomedical Ethics. [REVIEW]Mark Kuczewski - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (6):509-524.
    Casuistry and principlism are two of the leading contenders to be considered the methodology of bioethics. These methods may be incommensurable since the former emphasizes the examination of cases while the latter focuses on moral principles. Conversely, since both analyze cases in terms of mid-level principles, there is hope that these methods may be reconcilable or complementary. I analyze the role of principles in each and thereby show that these theories are virtually identical when interpreted in a certain light. (...)
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  3.  40
    Casuistry and Modern Ethics: A Poetics of Practical Reasoning.Richard B. Miller - 1996 - University of Chicago Press.
    Did the Gulf War defend moral principle or Western oil interests? Is violent pornography an act of free speech or an act of violence against women? In _Casuistry and Modern Ethics_, Richard B. Miller sheds new light on the potential of casuistry—case-based reasoning—for resolving these and other questions of conscience raised by the practical quandaries of modern life. Rejecting the packaging of moral experience within simple descriptions and inflexible principles, Miller argues instead for identifying and making sense of the (...)
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  4.  6
    The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning.Albert R. Jonsen & Stephen Toulmin - 1988 - University of California Press.
    In this engaging study, the authors put casuistry into its historical context, tracing the origin of moral reasoning in antiquity, its peak during the sixteenth and early seventeenth century, and its subsequent fall into disrepute from the mid-seventeenth century.
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  5. Casuistry as Methodology in Clinical Ethics.Albert R. Jonsen - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (4).
    This essay focuses on how casuistry can become a useful technique of practical reasoning for the clinical ethicist or ethics consultant. Casuistry is defined, its relationship to rhetorical reasoning and its interpretation of cases, by employing three terms that, while they are not employed by the classical rhetoricians and casuists, conform, in a general way, to the features of their work. Those terms are (1) morphology, (2) taxonomy, (3) kinetics. The morphology of a case reveals the invariant structure (...)
     
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  6.  9
    Casuistry: On a Method of Ethical Judgement in Patient Care.Bernhard Bleyer - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (3):211-226.
    The article is dedicated to the application questions of a case study method known as casuistry. In its long tradition, it focuses on an influential variant of the early modern period and reconstructs its functionality. In the course of reading recent receptions, it is noted that some studies speak of a “casuistic revival” in moral case deliberation in health care. As a result of this revival, casuistry has been modified in such a way that it guides case discussions (...)
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  7.  5
    Kant, Casuistry and Casuistical Questions.Rudolf Schuessler - 2021 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (6):1003-1016.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  8.  76
    The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning.Kenneth W. Kemp - 1988 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 24 (1):76-80.
    In this engaging study, the authors put casuistry into its historical context, tracing the origin of moral reasoning in antiquity, its peak during the sixteenth and early seventeenth century, and its subsequent fall into disrepute from the mid-seventeenth century.
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  9.  33
    Casuistry and the Business Case Method.Martin Calkins - 2001 - Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (2):237-259.
    This article argues for the compatibility of casuistry and the business case method. It describes the salient features of casuistryand the case method, shows how the two methods are similar yet different, and suggests how elements of casuistry might benefit theuse of the case method in management education. Toward these ends, it shows how casuistry and the case method are both inductive and practical methods of reasoning focussed on single settings and real-life situations and how both methods (...)
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  10.  3
    9. Casuistry and Character in the Mencius.Robert Eno - 2017 - In Alan K. L. Chan (ed.), Mencius: Contexts and Interpretations. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 189-215.
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  11. Casuistry and Clinical Ethics.Albert R. Jonsen - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (1).
    For the last century, moral philosophy has stressed theory for the analysis of moral argument and concepts. In the last decade, interest in the ethical issues of health care has stimulated attention to cases and particular instances. This has revealed the gap between ethical theory and practice. This article reviews the history and method of casuistry which for many centuries provided an approach to practical ethics. Its strengths and weaknesses are noted and its potential for contemporary use explored.
     
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  12.  25
    How Casuistry and Virtue Ethics Might Break the Ideological Stalemate Troubling Agricultural Biotechnology.Martin Calkins - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (3):305-330.
    Abstract: This article begins by showing how recent controversies over the widespread promotion of artificially gene-altered foods are rooted in opposing ethical and ideological worldviews. It then explains how these contrasting worldviews have led to a practical, ethical, and ideological standoff and, finally, suggests the combined use of casuistry and virtue ethics as a way for both sides to move ahead on this pressing issue.
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  13.  26
    Casuistry: An Alternative or Complement to Principles?Albert R. Jonsen - 1995 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 5 (3):237-251.
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  14.  13
    Casuistry as a Narrative Art.Stanley Hauerwas - 1983 - Interpretation 37 (4):377-388.
    In a Christian context casuistry is a necessity because it provides the means by which we learn to check our particular telling of the story of God with the way our community tells it.
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  15. Casuistry in Medical Ethics: Rehabilitated, or Repeat Offender?Tom Tomlinson - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1).
    For a number of reasons, casuistry has come into vogue in medical ethics. Despite the frequency with which it is avowed, the application of casuistry to issues in medical ethics has been given virtually no systematic defense in the ethics literature. That may be for good reason, since a close examination reveals that casuistry delivers much less than its advocates suppose, and that it shares some of the same weaknesses as the principle-based methods it would hope to (...)
     
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  16.  48
    What Really Separates Casuistry From Principlism in Biomedical Ethics.Paul Cudney - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (3):205-229.
    Since the publication of the first edition of Tom Beauchamp and James Childress’s Principles of Biomedical Ethics there has been much debate about what a proper method in medical ethics should look like. The main rival for Beauchamp and Childress’s account, principlism, has consistently been casuistry, an account that recommends argument by analogy from paradigm cases. Admirably, Beauchamp and Childress have modified their own view in successive editions of Principles of Biomedical Ethics in order to address the concerns proponents (...)
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  17.  21
    Casuistry: A Case-Based Methods for Journalists.David E. Boeyink - 1992 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (2):107 – 120.
    Linking abstract principles and concrete cases is not always easy. Beginning deductively with ethical theory requires an a priori choice of ethical principles which, when applied, may not take account of the complexity of real problems. But beginning with cases can result in a situationalism in which the normative role of ethical principles is slighted. Casuistry, a case-centered methodology, offers one way to bridge this gap. Casuistry's bottom-up strategy develops policy guidelines out of case analysis, building a middle (...)
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  18.  15
    Casuistry: Case-Based Reasoning for the Ethical Journalist.Janie Harden Fritz - 2011 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 26 (1):88-92.
    (2011). Casuistry: Case-based Reasoning for the Ethical Journalist. Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Vol. 26, Media Accountability Part Two, pp. 88-92. doi: 10.1080/08900523.2011.532386.
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  19. Elizabethan Casuistry.Peter Holmes (ed.) - 1981 - Catholic Record Society.
    Collection of cases with decisions attributed to Cardinal William Allen and Robert Persons, S.J. -- Collection of cases discussed at the English College, Douai (which was at Rheims from 1578 to 1593).
     
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  20. Casuistry and Character.Edmund Leites - 1988 - In Conscience and Casuistry in Early Modern Europe. Editions de la Maison des Sciences de L'homme. pp. 119--33.
     
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  21.  1
    Kant, Casuistry and Casuistical Questions.Rudolf Schuessler - 2022 - Wiley: Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (6).
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, Volume 55, Issue 6, Page 1003-1016, December 2021.
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  22.  23
    Narrative, Casuistry, and the Function of Conscience in Thomas Aquinas.Stephen Chanderbhan - 2016 - Diametros 47:1-18.
    Both the function of one’s conscience, as Thomas Aquinas understands it, and the work of casuistry in general involve deliberating about which universal moral principles are applicable in particular cases. Thus, understanding how conscience can function better also indicates how casuistry might be done better – both on Thomistic terms, at least. I claim that, given Aquinas’ descriptions of certain parts of prudence and the role of moral virtue in practical knowledge, understanding particular cases more as narratives, or (...)
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  23.  69
    Critiques of Casuistry and Why They Are Mistaken.Carson Strong - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (5):395-411.
    Casuistic methods of reasoning in medical ethics have been criticized by a number of authors. At least five main objections to casuistry have been put forward: (1) it requires a uniformity of views that is not present in contemporary pluralistic society; (2) it cannot achieve consensus on controversial issues; (3) it is unable to examine critically intuitions about cases; (4) it yields different conclusions about cases when alternative paradigms are chosen; and (5) it cannot articulate the grounds of its (...)
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  24.  15
    Casuistry and its Communitarian Critics.Mark G. Mg Kuczewski - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (2):99.
    Communitarian critics have derided case-based reasoning for ignoring the need to arrive at a shared hierarchy of goods prior to case.
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  25.  32
    New Casuistry: What’s New?Theo Van Willigenburg - 1998 - Philosophical Explorations 1 (2):152 – 164.
    The aim of this article is to review the recent popularity of casuistry as a model of moral inquiry. I argue that proponents of casuistry do not endorse the particularist epistemology that seems to be implied by their position, and that this is why casuistry does not seem to present something really new in comparison to 'top-down' generalist approaches. I contend that casuistry should develop itself as a (moderately) particularist position and that the challenge for the (...)
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  26.  16
    Casuistry and Computer Ethics.Kari Gwen Coleman - 2007 - Metaphilosophy 38 (4):471-488.
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  27.  43
    Conscience and Casuistry in Early Modern Europe.Edmund Leites (ed.) - 1988 - Editions De La Maison des Sciences De L'Homme.
    This examination of a fundamental but often neglected aspect of the intellectual history of early modern Europe brings together philosophers, historians and political theorists from Great Britain, Canada, the United States, Australia, France and Germany. Despite the diversity of disciplines and national traditions represented, the individual contributions show a remarkable convergence around three themes: changes in the modes of moral education in early modern Europe, the emergence of new relations between conscience and law (particularly the law of the state), and (...)
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  28.  12
    Wisdom, Casuistry, and the Goal of Reproductive Counseling.Anders Nordgren - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (3):281-289.
    Reproductive counseling includes counseling of prospective parents by obstetricians, clinical geneticists, and genetic counselors regarding, for example, the use of assisted reproductive technologies, prenatal testing, and preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Two different views on wisdom and the goal of reproductive counseling are analyzed. According to the first view, the goal of reproductive counseling is to help prospective parents reach a wise decision. A specific course of action is recommended by the counselor in contrast to other possible alternatives. According to the second (...)
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  29. Caroline Casuistry: The Cases of Conscience of Fr Thomas Southwell, Sj.Thomas Southwell - 1965 - Published for the Catholic Record Society by the Boydell Press.
    The English cases -- Cases concerning marriage -- Cases concerning ecclesiastical fasts -- Appendix: List of faculties.
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  30.  48
    On the Intersection of Casuistry and Particularism.Gregory E. Kaebnick - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (4):307-322.
    : A comparison of casuistry with the strain of particularism developed by John McDowell and David Wiggins suggests that casuistry is susceptible to two very different mistakes. First, as sometimes developed, casuistry tends toward an implausible rigidity and systematization of moral knowledge. Particularism offers a corrective to this error. Second, however, casuistry tends sometimes to present moral knowledge as insufficiently systematized: It often appears to hold that moral deliberation is merely a kind of perception. Such a (...)
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  31.  12
    Casuistry and the Case for Business Ethics.Joanne B. Ciulla - 1994 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:167-183.
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  32.  10
    The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning.Kenneth W. Kemp - 1988 - Ethics 99 (4):945-946.
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  33.  4
    Covenantal Casuistry: Covenant Ethics in Ramsey’s Patient as Person.Daniel Strand - 2018 - Christian Bioethics 24 (2):173-195.
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  34.  4
    Taking Issue: Pluralism and Casuistry in Bioethics.Baruch A. Brody - 2003 - Georgetown University Press.
    A pioneer in the theory of pluralistic casuistry, the idea that there are almost as many facets to moral choices as there are cases that call for choices, Baruch Brody takes issue with conventional bioethical wisdom and challenges the rigid principalism of contemporary bioethics. His views have been seen as controversial, but they are firmly held, and convincingly argued--all of which have led him to be one of the most widely discussed and highly admired bioethicists of our time. He (...)
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  35.  27
    Conscience, Casuistry, and Moral Decision: Some Historical Perspectives.Edmund Leites - 1974 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 2 (1):41-58.
    The body of this paper is devoted to tracing out some aspects of the development of the idea of conscience in the Church of England in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Surely, it may seem, a subject of limited interest to the readers of this journal! Yet I hope they will find otherwise. I chose to describe this phase of the history of conscience in the West because it illustrates a decisive shift in ideas about conscience which has (...)
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  36.  17
    Evidence and Casuistry. Commentary on Tonelli (2006), Integrating Evidence Into Clinical Practice: An Alternative to Evidence‐Based Approaches.Toby Lipman - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):269-272.
  37.  28
    Casuistry: Towards a More Complete Approach.David Q. Bell - unknown
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  38.  76
    Getting Down to Cases: The Revival of Casuistry in Bioethics.John Arras - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (1):29-51.
    This article examines the emergence of casuistical case analysis as a methodological alternative to more theory-driven approaches in bioethics research and education. Focusing on The Abuse of Casuistry by A. Jonsen and S. Toulmin, the article articulates the most characteristic features of this modernday casuistry (e.g., the priority allotted to case interpretation and analogical reasoning over abstract theory, the resemblance of casuistry to common law traditions, the ‘open texture’ of its principles, etc.) and discusses some problems with (...)
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  39.  41
    The Casuistry of Little Things.Brian Domino - 2002 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 23 (1):51-62.
  40. Case Method and Casuistry: The Problem of Bias.Loretta M. Kopelman - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1).
    Case methods of reasoning are persuasive, but we need to address problems of bias in order to use them to reach morally justifiable conclusions. A bias is an unwarranted inclination or a special perspective that disposes us to mistaken or one-sided judgments. The potential for bias arises at each stage of a case method of reasoning including in describing, framing, selecting and comparing of cases and paradigms. A problem of bias occurs because to identify the relevant features for such purposes, (...)
     
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  41. Casuistry and Ethics.G. A. Johnston - 1914 - International Journal of Ethics 24 (4):401-418.
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  42.  19
    Postmodern Casuistry and Intertextuality: The Case of Henry James and the Analogical Imagination.Ronald H. Mckinney - 2000 - International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (4):465-478.
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  43.  7
    The Casuistry of International Criminal Law: Exploring A New Field of Research. Cupido - 2015 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 44 (2):116-132.
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  44.  38
    Casuistry and Narrative: Of What Relevance to HECs? [REVIEW]Edwin R. Dubose & Ronald P. Hamel - 1995 - HEC Forum 7 (4):211-227.
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  45.  33
    Casuistry and Modern Ethics: A Poetics of Practical Reasoning. [REVIEW]Bruce B. Suttle - 1999 - Teaching Philosophy 22 (2):207-214.
  46.  10
    Caroline Casuistry: The Cases of Conscience of Fr. Thomas Southwell SJ . Edited by Peter Holmes. Pp. L, 308, Woodbridge, Boydell & Brewer, 2012, £45.00. [REVIEW]Thomas M. McCoog - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (5):856-857.
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  47. Casuistry and Ethics.G. A. Johnston - 1914 - Philosophical Review 23:584.
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  48. Conscience and its Problems an Introduction to Casuistry.Kenneth E. Kirk - 1948 - Longmans, Green and Co.
    Casuistry is a process of reasoning that focuses upon specific cases or moral problems, as opposed to a general study of ethical theories. In this broad sense every moral philosopher may be regarded as a casuist in some form. The term also has a narrower meaning as it refers to a group of moralists who, in the 16th and 17th century, systematically adopted this method. Casuistry is now one of the options for those who, in the framework of (...)
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  49.  23
    Casuistry Revisited.James Higgins - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (5):806-836.
  50.  29
    The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning.Alfred Alonso - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 43 (3):639-641.
    This is both an illuminating and penetrating study of the history of casuistry, and a persuasive argument for its relevance in contemporary ethics. The authors seek to revitalize "case argument as a fruitful method of practical moral reasoning". In so doing, they hope to steer safely between a rigid morality which holds to certain eternal and invariable principles, and a relativistic morality which repudiates the notion of an inflexible body of dogmatic principles. To support their contention, they provide a (...)
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