Results for 'climate engineering'

996 found
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  1.  13
    Climate Engineering and the Cessation Requirement: The Ethics of a Life-Cycle.Christopher J. Preston - 2016 - Environmental Values 25 (1):91-107.
    Much of the work on the ethics of climate engineering over the last few years has focused on the front-end of the potential timeline for climate intervention. Topics have included the initial taboo on bringing the discussion of climate engineering into the open, guidelines to put in place before commencing research, and governance arrangements before first deployment. While this work is clearly important, the current paper considers what insights can be gleaned from considering the tail-end, (...)
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  2. Confucian Environmental Ethics, Climate Engineering, and the “Playing God” Argument.Pak-Hang Wong - 2015 - Zygon 50 (1):28-41.
    The burgeoning literature on the ethical issues raised by climate engineering has explored various normative questions associated with the research and deployment of climate engineering, and has examined a number of responses to them. While researchers have noted the ethical issues from climate engineering are global in nature, much of the discussion proceeds predominately with ethical framework in the Anglo-American and European traditions, which presume particular normative standpoints and understandings of human–nature relationship. The current (...)
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  3.  21
    Justifying Climate Engineering?Harald Stelzer - 2017 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 21 (1):147-170.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 21 Heft: 1 Seiten: 147-170.
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  4.  11
    Climate Engineering and the Playing God Critique.Laura M. Hartman - 2017 - Ethics and International Affairs 31 (3):313-333.
    Climate engineering is subject to the “playing God” critique, which charges that humans should not undertake to control nature in ways that seem to overstep the proper scope of human agency. This argument is easily discredited, and in fact the opposite—that we should “play God”—may be equally valid in some circumstances. To revive the playing God critique, I argue that it functions not on a logical but on a symbolic and emotional level to highlight nostalgia for functional dualisms (...)
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  5.  25
    The Potential for Climate Engineering with Stratospheric Sulfate Aerosol Injections to Reduce Climate Injustice.Toby Svoboda, Peter J. Irvine, Daniel Callies & Masahiro Sugiyama - 2018 - Journal of Global Ethics 14 (3):353-368.
    Climate engineering with stratospheric sulfate aerosol injections (SSAI) has the potential to reduce risks of injustice related to anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. Relying on evidence from modeling studies, this paper makes the case that SSAI could have the potential to reduce many of the key physical risks of climate change identified by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Such risks carry potential injustice because they are often imposed on low-emitters who do not benefit from (...) change. Because SSAI has the potential to reduce those risks, it thereby has the potential to reduce the injustice associated with anthropogenic emissions. While acknowledging important caveats, including uncertainty in modeling studies and the potential for SSAI to carry its own risks of injustice, the paper argues that there is a strong case for continued research into SSAI, especially if attention is paid to how it might be used to reduce emissions-driven injustice. (shrink)
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  6.  53
    Recognitional Justice, Climate Engineering, and the Care Approach.Christopher Preston & Wylie Carr - 2018 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 21 (3):308-323.
    ABSTRACTGiven the existing inequities in climate change, any proposed climate engineering strategy to solve the climate problem must meet a high threshold for justice. In contrast to an overly thin paradigm for justice that demands only a science-based assessment of potential temperature-related benefits and harms, we argue for the importance of attention to recognitional justice. Recognitional justice, we go on to claim, calls for a different type of assessment tool. Such an assessment would pay attention to (...)
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  7.  5
    Responsible Innovation and Climate Engineering. A Step Back to Technology Assessment.Harald Stelzer - 2020 - Philosophy of Management 19 (3):297-316.
    Much in Responsible Research and Innovation is part of a participatory turn within the Technology Assessment and Science and Technology Studies community. This has an influence also on the evaluation of Climate Engineering options, as it will be shown by reference to the SPICE project. The SPICE example and the call for democratisation of science and innovation raise some interesting concerns for the normative evaluation of CE options that will be addressed in the paper. It is by far (...)
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  8. The Ethics of Climate Engineering: Solar Radiation Management and Non-Ideal Justice.Toby Svoboda - 2017 - Routledge.
    This book analyzes major ethical issues surrounding the use of climate engineering, particularly solar radiation management techniques, which have the potential to reduce some risks of anthropogenic climate change but also carry their own risks of harm and injustice. The book argues that we should approach the ethics of climate engineering via "non-ideal theory," which investigates what justice requires given the fact that many parties have failed to comply with their duty to mitigate greenhouse gas (...)
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  9.  38
    Ethical Aspects of Climate Engineering. Karlsruhe.Gregor Betz & Sebastian Cacean - 2012 - KIT Scientific Publishing.
    This study investigates the ethical aspects of deploying and researching into so-called climate engineering methods, i.e. large-scale technical interventions in the climate system with the objective of offsetting anthropogenic climate change. The moral reasons in favour of and against R&D into and deployment of CE methods are analysed by means of argument maps. These argument maps provide an overview of the CE controversy and help to structure the complex debate.
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  10.  26
    The Case for Climate Engineering Research: An Analysis of the “Arm the Future” Argument.Gregor Betz - 2012 - Climatic Change 111 (2):473-485.
    With the evidence for anthropogenic climate change piling up, suggesting that climate impacts of GHG emissions might have been underestimated in the past (Allison et al. 2009; WBGU 2009), and mitigation policies apparently lagging behind what many scientists consider as necessary reductions in order to prevent dangerous climate change, the debate about intentional climate change, or “climate engineering”, as we shall say in the following, has gained momentum in the past years. While efforts to (...)
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  11.  31
    Climate Change, Climate Engineering, and the ‘Global Poor’: What Does Justice Require?Marion Hourdequin - 2018 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 21 (3):270-288.
    ABSTRACTIn recent work, Joshua Horton and David Keith argue on distributive and consequentialist grounds that research into solar radiation management geoengineering is justified because the resulting knowledge has the potential to benefit everyone, particularly the ‘global poor.’ I argue that this view overlooks procedural and recognitional justice, and thus relegates to the background questions of how SRM research should be governed. In response to Horton and Keith, I argue for a multidimensional approach to geoengineering justice, which entails that questions of (...)
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  12.  7
    International Governance of Climate Engineering.Lia N. Ernst & Edward A. Parson - 2013 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 14 (1):307-338.
    Continued failure to limit emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that are causing global climate change has brought increased attention to climate engineering technologies, which actively modify the global environment to counteract heating and climate disruptions caused by elevated greenhouse gases. Some proposed forms of CE, particularly spraying reflective particles in the upper atmosphere to reduce incoming sunlight, can cool the average temperature of the Earth rapidly and cheaply, thereby substantially reducing climate-related risks. (...)
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  13.  7
    Values in Early-Stage Climate Engineering: The Ethical Implications of “Doing the Research”.Jude Galbraith - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 86:103-113.
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  14. Toward Ethical Norms and Institutions for Climate Engineering Research.David R. Morrow, Robert E. Kopp & Michael Oppenheimer - 2009 - Environmental Research Letters 4.
    Climate engineering (CE), the intentional modification of the climate in order to reduce the effects of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations, is sometimes touted as a potential response to climate change. Increasing interest in the topic has led to proposals for empirical tests of hypothesized CE techniques, which raise serious ethical concerns. We propose three ethical guidelines for CE researchers, derived from the ethics literature on research with human and animal subjects, applicable in the event that CE (...)
     
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  15.  57
    Ethical Aspects of the Mitigation Obstruction Argument Against Climate Engineering Research.David R. Morrow - 2014 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 372:20140062.
    Many commentators fear that climate engineering research might lead policy-makers to reduce mitigation efforts. Most of the literature on this so-called ‘moral hazard’ problem focuses on the prediction that climate engineering research would reduce mitigation efforts. This paper focuses on a related ethical question: Why would it be a bad thing if climate engineering research obstructed mitigation? If climate engineering promises to be effective enough, it might justify some reduction in mitigation. (...) policy portfolios involving sufficiently large or poorly planned reductions in mitigation, however, could lead to an outcome that would be worse than the portfolio that would be chosen in the absence of further climate engineering research. This paper applies three ethical perspectives to describe the kinds of portfolios that would be worse than that ‘baseline portfolio’. The literature on climate engineering identifies various mechanisms that might cause policy-makers to choose these inferior portfolios, but it is difficult to know in advance whether the existence of these mechanisms means that climate engineering research really would lead to a worse outcome. In the light of that uncertainty, a precautionary approach suggests that researchers should take measures to reduce the risk of mitigation obstruction. Several such measures are suggested. (shrink)
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  16.  12
    The Ethics of Climate Engineering: Solar Radiation Management and Non-Ideal Justice. [REVIEW]Daniel Edward Callies - 2019 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 22 (1):100-102.
    Volume 22, Issue 1, March 2019, Page 100-102.
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  17.  26
    Climate Engineering From Hindu‐Jain Perspectives.Pankaj Jain - 2019 - Zygon 54 (4):826-836.
    Although Indic perspectives toward nature are now well documented, climate engineering discussions seem to still lack the views from Indic or other non‐Western sources. In this article, I will apply some of the Hindu and Jain concepts such as karma, nonviolence (Ahiṃsā ), humility (Vinaya ), and renunciation (Saṃnyāsa ) to analyze the two primary climate geoengineering strategies of solar radiation management (SRM) and carbon dioxide removal (CDR). I suggest that Indic philosophical and religious traditions such as (...)
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  18.  20
    Skewed Vulnerabilities and Moral Corruption in Global Perspectives on Climate Engineering.Wylie Carr & Christopher J. Preston - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (6):757-777.
    Ethicists and social scientists alike have advocated for the inclusion of vulnerable populations in research and decision-making on climate engineering. Unfortunately, there have been few efforts to do so. The research presented in this paper was designed to build knowledge about how vulnerable populations think about climate engineering. The goal of this manuscript is to bring the ethics literature on climate engineering into dialogue with emerging social science data documenting the perspectives of vulnerable populations. (...)
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  19.  16
    Climate Engineering: Argumente des kleineren Übels.Harald Stelzer - 2015 - In Angela Kallhoff (ed.), Klimagerechtigkeit Und Klimaethik. De Gruyter. pp. 199-220.
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  20. Climate Engineering: A Normative Perspective.Daniel Edward Callies - 2019 - Lexington Books.
    Should we research, develop, and deploy climate engineering technology? Drawing upon contemporary moral and political theory, this book offers a normative perspective on such questions, ultimately making the case in favor of research and regulation guided by norms of legitimacy, distributive justice, and procedural justice.
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  21.  15
    How Much Risk Ought We to Take? Exploring the Possibilities of Risk-Sensitive Consequentialism in the Context of Climate Engineering.Harald Stelzer & Fabian Schuppert - 2016 - Environmental Values 25 (1):69-90.
    When it comes to assessing the deontic status of acts and policies in the context of risk and uncertainty, moral theories are often at a loss. In this paper we hope to show that employing a multi-dimensional consequentialist framework provides ethical guidance for decision-making in complex situations. The paper starts by briefly rehearsing consequentialist responses to the issue of risk, as well as their shortcomings. We then go on to present our own proposal based on three dimensions: wellbeing, fairness and (...)
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  22.  1
    The Ethics of Climate Engineering: Issues in Solar Radiation Management.Toby Svoboda - 2017 - Routledge.
    This book provides an analysis of the major ethical issues surrounding climate engineering, or techniques to modify the global environment in order to manage some of the impacts of anthropogenic climate change. It focuses primarily on "solar radiation management" techniques for engineering the climate, such as injecting reflective aerosols into the stratosphere or brightening marine clouds, both of which could cool the planet. While such techniques might avert or reduce some of the risks of (...) change, they also raise many ethical questions that are both interesting in their own right and important to address for purposes of policy-making. These issues include questions of distributive justice, the ethics of risk imposition, procedural justice in decision-making, and obligations to future generations, among others. Despite various ethical problems with SRM, the author argues for the controversial claim that there are reasons to think that certain uses of it are ethically defensible under realistic future conditions. _The Ethics of Climate Engineering_ is the first book to provide a unified overview of the ethics of SRM. It will be of interest to scholars working in climate ethics, environmental ethics, global climate justice, or the many specific ethical and social-political issues raised by climate engineering. (shrink)
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  23. Climate Engineering.Gregor Betz - 2013 - In Armin Grunwald (ed.), Handbuch Technikethik. Metzler. pp. 254-257.
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  24.  9
    Climate Engineering: For and Against. [REVIEW]Daniel Edward Callies - 2015 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 8 (2).
  25.  13
    Climate Engineering, Past and Present: James Rodger Fleming: Fixing the Sky: The Checkered History of Weather and Climate Control. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010, Xiv+325pp, $27.95 HB, $19.95 PB.David Philip Miller - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):243-245.
  26.  9
    Klimaethik: Mitigation, Adaptation und Climate Engineering.Konrad Ott & Christian Baatz - 2015 - In Angela Kallhoff (ed.), Klimagerechtigkeit Und Klimaethik. De Gruyter. pp. 181-198.
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  27.  4
    Daniel Edward Callies: Climate Engineering: A Normative Perspective.Patrick Taylor Smith - 2019 - Environmental Ethics 41 (3):283-286.
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  28.  8
    Mitigation, Adaptation or Climate Engineering?Claire Granier & Guy P. Brasseur - 2013 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 14 (1):1-20.
    Concerns about climate change have led to the development of legal frameworks, including national regulations and international protocols to limit the emissions of greenhouse gases. Current mitigation measures, however, may not be sufficient to limit global warming to an average of 2°C since the pre-industrial period. Other approaches may therefore be required, including adaptation measures and climate engineering initiatives. Only a few legal frameworks are available to regulate adaptation initiatives and to constrain climate engineering approaches (...)
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  29.  1
    Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management.Christopher J. Preston (ed.) - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management is a wide-ranging and expert analysis of the ethics of the intentional management of solar radiation. This book will be a useful tool for policy-makers, a provocation for ethicists, and an eye-opening analysis for both the scientist and the general reader with interest in climate change.
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  30. Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management. [REVIEW]Toby Svoboda - 2017 - Environmental Ethics 39 (1):101-104.
    This important edited collection addresses ethical issues associated with solar radiation management (SRM), a category of climate engineering techniques that would increase the planet’s reflectivity in order to offset some of the impacts of anthropogenic climate change. Such techniques include injecting sulfate aerosols into the stratosphere or brightening marine clouds with seawater. Although SRM has the potential to cool the planet by reducing the amount of incoming solar radiation absorbed by the planet, it raises a wide array (...)
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  31. Human Engineering and Climate Change.S. Matthew Liao, Anders Sandberg & Rebecca Roache - 2012 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (2):206 - 221.
    Anthropogenic climate change is arguably one of the biggest problems that confront us today. There is ample evidence that climate change is likely to affect adversely many aspects of life for all people around the world, and that existing solutions such as geoengineering might be too risky and ordinary behavioural and market solutions might not be sufficient to mitigate climate change. In this paper, we consider a new kind of solution to climate change, what we call (...)
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  32. Population Engineering and the Fight Against Climate Change.Colin Hickey, Travis N. Rieder & Jake Earl - 2016 - Social Theory and Practice 42 (4):845-870.
    Contrary to political and philosophical consensus, we argue that the threats posed by climate change justify population engineering, the intentional manipulation of the size and structure of human populations. Specifically, we defend three types of policies aimed at reducing fertility rates: choice enhancement, preference adjustment, and incentivization. While few object to the first type of policy, the latter two are generally rejected because of their potential for coercion or morally objectionable manipulation. We argue that forms of each policy (...)
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  33.  34
    Earthmasters: The Dawn of the Age of Climate Engineering/A Case for Climate Engineering[REVIEW]David R. Morrow - 2014 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 17 (3):370-373.
    David Keith's and Clive Hamilton's books both aim to introduce readers to a range of scientific, political, and ethical issues surrounding climate engineering (also known as geoengineering). Each author aims to tilt readers toward a particular stance on climate engineering—against climate engineering in Hamilton’s case, and cautiously for it in Keith’s. Hamilton’s book, Earthmasters, explores more issues in more detail; Keith’s book, The Case for Climate Engineering, gives just enough of a taste (...)
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  34. A Sociotechnical Framework for Governing Climate Engineering.Rob Bellamy - 2016 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 41 (2):135-162.
    Proposed ways of governing climate engineering have most often been supported by narrowly framed and unreflexive appraisals and processes. This article explores the governance implications of a Deliberative Mapping project that, unlike other governance principles, have emerged from an extensive process of reflection and reflexivity. In turn, the project has made significant advances in addressing the current deficit of responsibly defined criteria for shaping governance propositions. Three such propositions argue that reflexive foresight of the imagined futures in which (...)
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  35.  24
    What’s Wrong with Climate Politics and How to Fix It. By Paul G. Harris; Earthmasters: The Dawn of the Age of Climate Engineering. By Clive Hamilton. [REVIEW]Forrest Clingerman - 2014 - Environmental Philosophy 11 (1):127-131.
  36. Climate Justice and Geoengineering: Ethics and Policy in the Atmospheric Anthropocene.Christopher J. Preston (ed.) - 2016 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    A collection of original and innovative essays that compare the justice issues raised by climate engineering to the justice issues raised by competing approaches to solving the climate problem.
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  37. Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management.Christopher James Preston (ed.) - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management is a wide-ranging and expert analysis of the ethics of the intentional management of solar radiation. This book will be a useful tool for policy-makers, a provocation for ethicists, and an eye-opening analysis for both the scientist and the general reader with interest in climate change.
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  38. Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management.Albert Borgmann, Holly Jean Buck, Wylie Carr, Forrest Clingerman, Maialen Galarraga, Benjamin Hale, Marion Hourdequin, Ashley Mercer, Konrad Ott, Clare Palmer, Ronald Sandler, Patrick Taylor Smith, Bronislaw Szerszynski & Kyle Powys Whyte (eds.) - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management is a wide-ranging and expert analysis of the ethics of the intentional management of solar radiation. This book will be a useful tool for policy-makers, a provocation for ethicists, and an eye-opening analysis for both the scientist and the general reader with interest in climate change.
     
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  39. Voluntary Human Engineering, Climate Change, and N-Person Prisoners Dilemmas.Leonard Kahn - 2012 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (2):241 - 243.
    Ethics, Policy & Environment, Volume 15, Issue 2, Page 241-243, June 2012.
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  40.  14
    The Ethics of Engineering the Climate.Christian Baatz, Clare Heyward & Harald Stelzer - 2016 - Environmental Values 25 (1):1-5.
  41.  1
    Climate Justice and Geoengineering: Ethics and Policy in the Atmospheric Anthropocene.Christopher J. Preston (ed.) - 2016 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    A collection of original and innovative essays that compare the justice issues raised by climate engineering to the justice issues raised by competing approaches to solving the climate problem.
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  42.  1
    Climate Justice and Geoengineering: Ethics and Policy in the Anthropocene.Christopher J. Preston (ed.) - 2016 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    A collection of original and innovative essays that compare the justice issues raised by climate engineering to the justice issues raised by competing approaches to solving the climate problem.
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  43.  5
    Engineering the Environment. Phytotrons and the Quest for Climate Control in the Cold War - by D. P. Munns.Lino Camprubi - 2017 - Centaurus 59 (1-2):157-159.
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  44. Climate Change, Responsibility, and Justice.Dale Jamieson - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (3):431-445.
    In this paper I make the following claims. In order to see anthropogenic climate change as clearly involving moral wrongs and global injustices, we will have to revise some central concepts in these domains. Moreover, climate change threatens another value that cannot easily be taken up by concerns of global justice or moral responsibility.
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  45.  28
    Conceptual Engineering is Extremely Unlikely to Work. So What?James Andow - 2021 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 64 (1-2):212-226.
    ABSTRACT Conceptual engineering aims to improve our concepts. That's plausibly an extremely difficult thing to do. Should this make us sceptical of the idea that philosophers should try to do it? You might think so. Cappelen, in his Fixing Language: an Essay on Conceptual Engineering, thinks it shouldn't stop us – but his stated reasons are not really encouraging. In this paper, I say what I think Cappelen should have said, on the basis of a very rough cost-benefit (...)
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  46.  33
    Framing an Ethics of Climate Management for the Anthropocene.Christopher J. Preston - 2015 - Climatic Change 130 (3):359–369.
    In addition to carbon dioxide, it is becoming increasingly clear that there are numerous other potent agents of anthropogenic forcing (e.g. methane, ozone, black carbon) at work in the climate system today. The typical ethical framing of climate change has not yet accommodated this complexity. In addition, geoengineering has often been presented as a Plan B that would simply counter unintentional (and positive) anthropogenic forcing with intentional (and negative) anthropogenic forcing. This paper attempts to better address the complexity (...)
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  47.  91
    Climate Change, Nuclear Economics, and Conflicts of Interest.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (1):75-107.
    Merck suppressed data on harmful effects of its drug Vioxx, and Guidant suppressed data on electrical flaws in one of its heart-defibrillator models. Both cases reveal how financial conflicts of interest can skew biomedical research. Such conflicts also occur in electric-utility-related research. Attempting to show that increased atomic energy can help address climate change, some industry advocates claim nuclear power is an inexpensive way to generate low-carbon electricity. Surveying 30 recent nuclear analyses, this paper shows that industry-funded studies appear (...)
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  48.  58
    On the Limited Appeal of Human Engineering as a Response to Climate Change.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2014 - Bioethica Forum 7 (3):87-89.
    If bioethics should care about the environment, this could be, among other ways, by reflecting on certain radical solutions, such as biomedical human engineering. In a recent article, Liao, Sandberg and Roache consider reducing human size through biomedical treatments in order to mitigate climate change. In this viewpoint, we point out that the various methods used to reduce human height, be they sophisticated tech­ nologies or mere undernutrition, seem all subject to highly undesirable consequences. This is to show (...)
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  49.  15
    David P. D. Munns, Engineering the Environment: Phytotrons and the Quest for Climate Control in the Cold War , 360 pp., 38 b&w illus., $49.95 Hardcover, ISBN 9780822944744. [REVIEW]Dominic Berry - 2019 - Journal of the History of Biology 52 (1):203-205.
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  50.  40
    Climate Change and Professional Responsibility: A Declaration of Helsinki for Engineers.Rob Lawlor & Helen Morley - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (5):1431-1452.
    In this paper, we argue that the professional engineering institutions ought to develop a Declaration of Climate Action. Climate change is a serious global problem, and the majority of greenhouse gas emissions come from industries that are enabled by engineers and represented by the engineering professional institutions. If the professional institutions take seriously the claim that a profession should be self-regulating, with codes of ethics that go beyond mere obedience to the law, and if they take (...)
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